Military Review

Soviet rocket launcher 9P116 (ZIL-135В)

A lot of interesting and unusual equipment is created during the arms race. Often, such military equipment for the uninitiated looks pretty strange. However, there are such devices, which even military experts are unusual. Here with all boldness include rocket launcher 9P116.

The Mi-10РВК rocket and helicopter complex with a landing gear ZIL-135В. 1963 year

Under the leadership of Grachev V.A. At the ZIL plant a helicopter launcher was developed, designated ZIL-135В (9П116 - GRAU index). This installation brought to life not only the most original and daring technical solutions and finds, but also an equally bold, but absurd idea of ​​stealthy airborne delivery of a wheeled vehicle and its landing by landing method to the rear of the enemy or difficult places to produce a single sudden rocket attack . According to calculations constructors, the distance from the helicopter to take off point to the start point was 270 km. For transportation of the launcher, it was intended to use an external rigid suspension of a heavy Mi-10 helicopter, known as a “flying crane”. The entire system (helicopter + launcher) was named rocket-helicopter complex, or Mi-10РВК.

The installation of 9P116 was developed in accordance with the secret Resolution of the Council of Ministers of February 5 from 1962. SKB Zil engaged common design, in which developed three helicopter embodiment launcher. After the selection of the most optimal variant on ZIL in September 1962, the first prototyping prototype was built. Plant "Dzerzhinets" had to develop and manufacture electrical equipment. In addition to the first layout was collected three settings. For the first time in domestic practice, these machines introduced an electric transmission with four motor wheels and gearboxes developed by SKB ZIL.

This self-propelled machine is a supporting body-container, used for a rocket with a diameter of 1800 mm, mounted on four 20-inch single-pitch wheels. The launcher was charged with one C-5B cruise missile (4K95). The length of the rocket was about 10 m, the launch mass of the order of 4 tons.

On the 9P116 launcher, there was a 2-seat glazed control cabin on the front. The electric generator of direct current, power unit, hydraulic pump and fuel tanks made of fiberglass were located behind and on the sides of the installation. To access the units on both sides of the body placed the ladder and lattice work sites.

Soviet rocket launcher 9P116 (ZIL-135В)
The unique rocket launcher ZIL-135B (9P116) with an electric motor-wheels in a combat position

The leading DT-22 electromotor wheels (power of each 22 kW) with reducing planetary gearboxes and forced ventilation received electricity from a DC generator (power 120 kW) driven by a GTD-350 gas turbine engine with a power of 350 hp, which has rather compact dimensions . The gas turbine engine was developed by the V.Ya. Leningrad Plant. Klimov helicopter Mi-2. This power unit has a length 1350 mm and a dry weight 139,5 kg. The rear wheels are rigidly attached to the body unit. From this generator also feed drives vertical guidance systems - lifting struts with electrohydraulic control. Managed front wheels mounted on vertically located pivots, also fixed on the body rigidly. The height 9P116 in the cabin was 3263 mm. Mass unfilled setting was about 5,5 m. Cab serve to accommodate two persons.

In 1963, at plant No. 475, launch canisters were mounted on four similar chassis. Based on the Mi-10 helicopter, the Mil Design Bureau created the 9K74 helicopter missile system. Most helicopter Mi-assigned index 10RVK. Takeoff weight reached 44,6 tons. The maximum transportation distance of the launcher 9P116 by helicopter was 200 km. After landing, the installation was prepared for launch within 5 minutes. In addition, the launcher could independently overcome another 40 km at speeds up to 18 km / h, launch the rocket and go back. The 9P116 launcher lifted its rear part on the hydraulic jacks for a “shot”, the lid was opened, after which the rocket was launched. During the tests, which took place in Faustov, several C-9В were launched from the 116P5 helicopter launcher. Leading a test was Salnikov II, hereinafter - the chief designer of SKB ZIL.

During the tests, a number of significant shortcomings of the 9K74 helicopter complex were identified. Among the shortcomings were a large "sail area" of the helicopter with a launcher on board and its demolition by the wind; the helicopter’s flight range was much less than estimated. In addition, the reason for the failure of the launcher was the removal of the missiles for which it was developed. 11 November 1965 of the Year The Council of Ministers issued a decree on the termination of work on the helicopter launcher.

Specifications rocket launcher 9P116:
Wheel formula - 4x4.
Weight without - 5,5 t.
Gross weight - 12 t.
Cab height in transport position - 3,3 m.
Electric wheel - DT-22.
Power - 22 kW.
Gas Turbine Engine - GTD-350.
Power - 350 HP
Armament - cruise missile C-5В.
Transition time is up to 5 minutes.
Crew - 2 person.

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  1. Volodya Sibiryak
    Volodya Sibiryak 18 February 2014 07: 30
    Very informative, did not even know about the existence of such an installation.
    1. Gamdlislyam
      Gamdlislyam 18 February 2014 08: 59
      Dear colleague Volodya Sibiryak, from the end of the 50s, when the era of rocket euphoria of Khrushchev NS came, there were many similar projects. Many of them remained on paper, something was realized in metal, and only a few entered service.
      In this complex, the range of the S-5V (4K95) cruise missile was 25-270 km, and by the time the decision to terminate the tests was made, there were already ground-based missile systems whose range exceeded the capabilities of the 9K74 helicopter missile system described above. In addition, the article does not indicate the total delivery time of the complex to the launch point. And this is at least 10 hours. Another drawback is the dependence on flying weather.
      The new ground complexes, which had appeared by that time, more than covered the distance over which the helicopter could transfer the complex, and they were much more mobile and it was easier to hide them.
      1. Lk17619
        Lk17619 18 February 2014 11: 09
        I do not argue a lot of shortcomings, but the trick itself is that this complex was put into combat position in 5 minutes, and this is not shuhra-mukhra))))
  2. Gray 43
    Gray 43 18 February 2014 09: 29
    Interesting article!
  3. polkovnik manuch
    polkovnik manuch 18 February 2014 11: 48
    There is something in it, especially with current technologies.
  4. Argon
    Argon 18 February 2014 12: 14
    In general, I doubt the reliability of the fact that this vehicle was given the ZIL-135 brand. Most likely there is some kind of "chihard" because of secrecy.
  5. nikcris
    nikcris 18 February 2014 15: 07
    Marasmatic garbage. Fly 200 km at a speed of 200 km \ h. Then drive at a speed of 18 km \ h for two hours. To shoot for 50 km. And go back 40 km back. Marasmatic garbage.
  6. nikcris
    nikcris 18 February 2014 15: 30
    The crew will run back faster. And it’s safer. What nonsense - 350 hp. Where do they go? A "crane" will wait for them, or a consumable? And where is that "crane", and Mi-2, Mi-8, almost the same age, fly.
  7. nikcris
    nikcris 18 February 2014 15: 35
    At this time, Khrushchev brought the USSR to the purchase of grain in the states. And the "scientists" spent five years composing prizes for such things. am
  8. waisson
    waisson 18 February 2014 19: 10
    interesting shushpanzer
  9. schizophrenic
    schizophrenic 19 February 2014 02: 27
    A good launcher could be modified. But at the time, with a nuclear warhead, starting behind the front meant a lot, especially with 10 pieces, and even now they will not immediately understand. laughing
  10. schizophrenic
    schizophrenic 19 February 2014 02: 38
    Quote: nikcris
    What nonsense - 350 hp Where do they go?

    1 kW = 1.4 hp 4 engines = 100 kW plus hydraulics and 80 percent efficiency
  11. mr.Man
    mr.Man 19 February 2014 03: 32
    Interesting idea helicopter + "container"
    The container can be TOC or MLRS, or some other gadget ...
    It is not always possible to pull PUs on wheels and tracks closer to hostilities quickly, but this option speeds up the action.
  12. I think so
    I think so 19 February 2014 16: 49
    Such a design is much more promising and more economical in operation than the stupid Topol complex ... Although in terms of security, all of them do not stand up to minimal criticism. Wasted time and money ... such mobile complexes do not represent any REAL danger and will be easily destroyed by the first salvo during an attack and even without nuclear weapons with simple cruise missiles ... Instead of building VERY HIGHLY PROTECTED silos, they are wasting money for non-hazardous nonsense ... which is also expensive to operate ... try to drive along country roads - all the time you have to repair these tractors and mask them ... well, in general, a gross STRATEGIC design mistake, to say the least ...
  13. kafa
    kafa 19 February 2014 17: 37
    such oddities were already delusional then, and with the development of reconnaissance and anti-aircraft defense systems, it was simply wrecking projects in order to ruin the state. I can suggest placing a tactical nuclear charge on the back of a whale repeat and it is not necessary to feed him (whale).