Military Review

IHS Jane's: The world's military budgets continue to grow

News agency IHS Jane's has published a new defense report, Budgets: End of Year Report 2013, dedicated to world defense spending last year. The document analyzes the military budgets of 77 countries of the world, their volumes and changes. Thus, the total amount of expenses recorded in the report last year reached 1,53 trillion US dollars. Thus, the last 2013 year failed to “break the record” of 2009, when the total amount of military budgets reached 1,64 trillion.

In 2013, there was both an increase in military budgets in some countries and a reduction in spending in others. The main cuts last year were the defense budgets of the United States and Western Europe. At the same time, several states in Asia, the Middle East and North Africa increased their defense spending. Thus, the average growth of Asian budgets in 2013 compared with 2012 was 3,4%, for the Middle East and North Africa this parameter exceeded 10%, and Central African states begin to increase their defense spending again - in 2013, the growth of such expenses reached 18%. And yet, until the total global volume of military spending can not reach the record level 2009 of the year. If current trends continue, IHS Jane's experts believe that crossing the 1,64 mark in a trillion dollars is worth waiting for in the 2019 year. In the future, in 2024, the world's military spending could reach 1,8 trillion.

The IHS Jane's XDUMX Defense Budgets Report of End of Year Report not only considers global trends, but also changes in military budgets in individual regions. For convenience of analysis, the planet was divided into eight regions, the indicators of which were considered separately and compared with each other. These are Asia, Eastern Europe, Western Europe, North America, South America, the Middle East and North Africa, Central and South Africa, and Oceania.

Traditionally, North America occupies the first place in the ranking of regions. In 2013, the North American states allocated 597,4 a billion dollars for defense, which is 39% of the global total of such costs. Notably, 577 of the billions from 597,4 amounted to the United States military budget alone. The second place among the regions was taken by Asia with expenditures at the level of 341,6 billion dollars (22,3%). Less than half of these expenses (about 141 billion) fell on the Chinese military budget. Last year, Western European military budgets in total exceeded 234 billion dollars (15,3%). Eastern Europe has "invested" in global 121,4 billion or 7,9%, and the Middle East and North Africa - 120,5 billion dollars or 7,87%.

Thus, the total military spending of the five regions exceeded 100 billion dollars. Three other regions could not reach this conditional level. South America spent a billion dollars (68,7%) on its 4,5 military. The countries of Oceania spent 33,5 billions or 2,2% of total world figures on defense, while Central and South Africa was able to allocate only 13,3 billion to defense - just 0,5%.

Each of the regions has its own leader - the country that makes the greatest contribution to the overall performance of the region. For the North American region, this is the United States, while China and India are the leaders in military budgets in Asia. Britain, France, Germany and Italy have the most significant impact on the indicators of Western Europe, and Russia and Turkey occupy leading positions in the Eastern European region. Saudi Arabia and Israel have the largest military budgets in the Middle East and North Africa.

In the past few years, the military budgets of a large number of countries have been cut or slowed, resulting in a financial crisis. Thus, the annual growth of the total amount of military budgets in 2010 amounted to 4,2%, in 2011-m reduced to 3%, and in the next 2012 year it fell to 2,5%. According to IHS Jane's analysts, in the coming years, cuts in defense spending will stop and military budgets will gradually increase. By 2015, annual growth should reach 3,5-4%.

From the data published in the report, it follows that Russia last year again ranked third in the world in terms of the volume of the military budget. With spending at the level of 68 billion dollars, our country is second only to the USA (577 billion) and to China (141 billion). The fourth and fifth places in the overall ranking were taken by the United Kingdom and Japan. Their defense spending last year amounted to 58,8 and 56,8 billion dollars, respectively.

In the future, the military budgets of the world will gradually grow and several states of Asia and the Middle East, as well as Russia, will become the “engine” of this growth. Over the next few years, the Russian military budget will grow by 44%. In 2016, Russia's defense spending should reach 95 billions of dollars. By this time, the Chinese military budget will increase to 160 billions. Thus, by 2017, the total expenditure on defense of Russia and China will exceed that of the entire European Union.

Forecasts for the future look optimistic. Various countries will continue to increase their military spending, with several consequences. First of all, it should be noted that the renewal of the armed forces can have a positive effect on military-political stability in certain regions. In addition, an increase in defense spending implies an increase in the cost of purchasing weapons and military equipment, which will benefit defense enterprises of various countries. Given the available information on the structure of the military-technical export of countries, it is possible to make approximate assumptions about the distribution of new contracts. In the case of Russia, the planned increase in the military budget should lead to a significant renewal of the armed forces.

On the materials of the sites:
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. mirag2
    mirag2 8 February 2014 08: 45
    The growth of the military budget in Russia will first of all lead to a change in the economy from raw materials to industrial ones.
    And the "post-industrial" model of the economy promoted by our liberal leaders presents its trial balloon in the form of "Skolkovo", where Vekselberg finances our opposition, paying the "lecturers" (Ponomarev) 2.7 million each, where Chubais-ssuka warms up.
    1. invisibility
      invisibility 8 February 2014 09: 25
      If Skolkovo is a trial ball, then it's scary to imagine a ball that will not be a trial ball ...
    2. Bronis
      Bronis 8 February 2014 13: 09
      Quote: mirag2
      The growth of the military budget in Russia will first of all lead to a change in the economy from raw materials to industrial ones.

      By itself it won’t.
      1. The scale of GDP and the scale of the military budget are simply incomparable. 2,8 - 2,3 trillion dollars and 68 billion
      2. the specificity of the products of military enterprises (and technologies). It is difficult to integrate into the "civil" sector. To do this, you need to clearly understand the niche, sales markets, and compete in foreign markets.
      3. The growth of the military budget (and expenditures in general) in itself makes us more dependent on energy exports. But we have no other way. For too long, nothing has been done for the sun.
      It is not worth opposing the "industrial" and "post-industrial" model of society.
      On the contrary, one comes from the other. The post-industrial does not destroy the industry as such, but transfers it to new high-tech rails. The trouble is that the postindustrial society is often identified only with inflated financial "soap bubbles" (thanks to those who inflate them - they need "enticement").
      An industrial society in the understanding of the middle of the twentieth century is already impossible. It is just the supporters of soap bubbles who "rule" in our country. So the terms "modernization" and "innovation" are already causing a serious bout of nausea ...
  2. Rurikovich
    Rurikovich 8 February 2014 09: 58
    Everything in the world is interconnected. Pull the string - unwind the ball.
    The policy of some entities as a whole, as well as states individually in relation to their neighbors (and not only neighbors) leads to a response in the form of weapons for a possible answer. If a neighbor threatens me, then, naturally, I will buy an ax to discourage his desire to put his threats into action. This, of course, leads to a simple one, but in fact, this is exactly what happens.
    Seeing that some, because of their "exclusiveness" poke their noses everywhere and everywhere, others try to arm themselves, so that if not to win, then at least to sell their lives at a higher price. Therefore, the costs of the weaker ones on military tweets are growing. And the little mind is not enough to understand this, and therefore they scream about tyranny and the axes of evil. Although they themselves are to blame. And on the foolish side, most likely the mind is enough to understand this, but because of the exceptional deceit and hypocrisy, concepts are replaced. That is why Vasya Pupkin is bad, because he knows that I want to fill him and take away his jacket (water, samovar, favorite trinket, etc. in the sense), and for self-defense bought an ax ... Scoundrel ...
    And you believe in fairy tales about the peaceful planting of human values ​​and other democracies.
  3. muhomor
    muhomor 8 February 2014 10: 48
    Japan has no official armed forces! And it takes a place in the first five!
    1. Saburo
      Saburo 8 February 2014 14: 42
      There were quite a few articles about the Self-Defense Forces from which it was possible to understand that the "non-existing" Japanese armed forces, and especially their naval component, are far from the latest in the region and are, in fact, second only to China and the States.
    2. Sour
      Sour 8 February 2014 20: 49
      Quote: muhomor
      Japan has no official armed forces! And it takes a place in the first five!

      Japan has long been ahead of the military budget in India (with a billion people) and Germany (one of the leading members of NATO). This is despite the fact that they have no land borders with anyone and they are not in any blocks. Last year, they overtook France, which had nuclear forces and waged regular local wars.
      There are more troops in Japan than, for example, in the UK.
      The fact that Japan allegedly "has no armed forces" is no longer funny.
  4. Spartan
    Spartan 8 February 2014 12: 41
    Now more than ever Russia needs a strong army and a national idea! A little more time and the planet burns with the flames of war ...
  5. Deniska999
    Deniska999 8 February 2014 13: 12
    Because, as they say, if you want peace, get ready for war.
    1. AVV
      AVV 8 February 2014 22: 59
      Quote: Deniska999
      Because, as they say, if you want peace, get ready for war.

      Want to sleep peacefully, keep the ax under the pillow !!!
  6. Bezarius
    Bezarius 8 February 2014 14: 36
    It is worth considering that the real costs of China for the defense industry, according to some experts, are significantly higher.
    1. leks
      leks 8 February 2014 20: 08
      After all, everyone thinks in his own way, Americans seem to consider all expenses, up to how much of the budget was spent on paying civilian specialists such as cleaning staff and a number of other positions, somewhere I read that in their opinion all our total costs for the Army and Navy are almost a hundred (lard) dollars.
      And for others, the calculation is made only by direct expenses for the Army and Navy, they do not concern indirect factors.
  7. AnaBat
    AnaBat 8 February 2014 16: 16
    From the data published in the report, it follows that last year Russia again took third place in the world in terms of the military budget.

    Undoubtedly, in the conditions of aggressive policy of the United States and geyrops, we must arm ourselves! The main thing is not to surpass the USSR in this matter, when the bread was on coupons! I think the GDP knows what it is doing.
  8. leks
    leks 8 February 2014 19: 59
    If I’m not mistaken, Russia’s peak expenditures on the Army will just become 2016-2020, if everything is okay, the renewal rates will be somewhere around 70-80 (unless of course nothing happens, something like a default or another crisis) after these years, the load on the country's budget associated with the rearmament of the Army and Navy will begin to decline.
    My opinion, the budget of M.O. Russia after 2020-2025 will be in the region of 50 to 80 billion dollars.
  9. sinukvl
    sinukvl 8 February 2014 23: 07
    Yes, if it were not for the traitor Humpback with his "glamor" and "perestroika", the States would have been blown away much earlier. And now it seems like they screwed up with their centropupism to the fullest!
  10. Evkur
    Evkur 9 February 2014 03: 55
    Do not believe the article and the numbers, if you are smart and know how to argue, you will understand that everyone is keeping the "joker" up their sleeve! No one will reveal all the cards about defense! Maybe less and maybe more money was spent on the army and so on. America is the leader in money laundering in the military-industrial complex and how much money really longer is a secret! The war is won not by the one who has a lot of money and equipment, but the one who has many smart soldiers! Ps Until artificial intelligence or cyborgs are created.
    1. Spartan
      Spartan 9 February 2014 07: 11
      This is with regard to technology and production capacity! And now all the equipment from satellites is considered very easy! So there’s no point in hiding the quantity! Leading powers know where what!