Military Review

Building ships for the Navy: plans and reality

26
The constant increase in financing of the armed forces, carried out within the framework of the current State Armaments Program, makes it possible to increase the pace of construction of new military equipment for various combat arms. The defense industry is building equipment as already mastered in production, as well as new types. Ships, ships, submarines and boats of various classes, built for the naval, were no exception. fleet. According to the plans of the Ministry of Defense, last year the Navy was supposed to receive about four dozen units of new equipment.



K-535 "Yuri Dolgoruky"


In December last year, Navy Commander-in-Chief Admiral V. Chirkov told a meeting of the Expanded Council of the Navy that seamen would receive 38 new ships, ships, boats and submarines before the end of the year. It should be noted that at the time of this declaration the industry did not transfer to the fleet all the equipment that the commander-in-chief was talking about. In our country there is a kind of "tradition", the essence of which lies in the surrender of several ships or submarines at the very end of the year. Indeed, after the meeting of the Expanded Council of the Navy, shipbuilders and navy men signed several acts on the admission of new equipment.

Most interesting news last year, associated with the upgrade of the Navy of Russia, concerned the construction of the newest submarines. At the beginning of the year, the fleet received the head submarine of the Borey 955 project. The deadline for the delivery of the K-535 “Yuri Dolgoruky” strategic underwater missile carrier repeatedly shifted, but in January 2013, the first submarine of the new project entered the Navy. Through the efforts of shipbuilders in 2013, the navy of Russia received two submarines of the Borey project at once. The second submarine K-550 "Alexander Nevsky" was accepted into the fleet December 23. The list of submarines, adopted by the fleet last year, closes the K-560 "Severodvinsk" 885 "Ash" missile carrier. The act of handing over this boat was signed only on December 30. At the same time, Severodvinsk will be in trial operation over the next few months. This decision of the commanders of the Navy is associated with some still not eliminated shortcomings.


Corvette "lively" (project 20380)


The largest surface ship, transferred to the fleet in 2013 year, was the corvette "Boyky" (project 20380). The service of this ship began in May last year. According to the plans of the past years, shortly after the "Boikiy" the same type ships "Perfect" and "Resistant" were to join the fleet, but due to problems at the construction stage, their delivery was postponed.

From late August to October, the Navy received three anti-sabotage boats of the 21980 Rook project. The boat P-350 went to serve in the Black Sea Fleet, the P-377 joined the Pacific Fleet, and the P-351 was operated by the Caspian Flotilla. In addition, last year the Caspian Flotilla received one (according to other sources, two or three) landing craft of the 11770 “Serna” project.

For effective work of the Navy, not only warships or submarines, but also auxiliary vessels are needed. In 2013, the domestic industry transferred to the fleet a relatively large number of such equipment. So, at the beginning of the year, the Navy received a small hydrographic vessel "Victor Faleev" of the B19910 project. In addition to it, the research work will use the BGK-702 hydrographic boat of the 19920B project. Auxiliary tasks will be performed by the tug "Victor Konetsky" of the 745MBS project, as well as nine tugboats of the 16609 and 90600 projects. To ensure the daily operations of the carrier vessels, three new 21770 "Kran" project new working and traveling airboats will be used.

It is easy to see that the total number of ships, submarines, ships and boats transferred last year does not correspond to the statements of the commander-in-chief of the Navy. In fact, over the past year, about two dozen acts of acceptance of new equipment were signed. Thus, it turns out that for various reasons a little more than half of the proposed plans were carried out. There are several reasons for this.

The main reason for such problems is the technical complexity of the projects. At any stage of construction or testing of a new ship, difficulties may arise that will take time to resolve. Because of this, the deadlines for the delivery of ships are shifted by at least a few months and "leave" for the next year. This happened at once with several new submarines, the adoption of which to the Navy was repeatedly postponed. According to some data, last year the sailors could have received the third submarine of the Borey project, but so far the K-551 "Vladimir Monomakh" continues to be tested. Completion of these works is planned for the current 2014 year.

A similar situation is observed with small missile ships of the project 21631 "Buyan-M". Two such ships, “Grad Sviyazhsk” and “Uglich” are currently being tested and will soon be accepted into the Caspian Flotilla. Under favorable circumstances, by the end of the year, Caspian sailors will receive a third ship of this type, the Great Ustyug.


Small rocket ship "Uglich", project 21631 "Buyan-M"


Last year, tests of two boats of new projects started. The boats of the 12150A Mongoose and 03160 Raptor projects (the licensed version of the Swedish CB90) are still being tested and, as far as is known, have not been accepted by the fleet. Timing of the end of the test remain unknown.

The current 2014 year has been rescheduled for the delivery of several boats and auxiliary vessels. So, last year, four rescue boats of the 23040 project, the lead diving boat RVK-981 of the 14157 project, and the multifunctional boat 23370 did not have time to complete the tests. In addition to boats of several projects, two ships of the integrated port support of the 03180 project have not yet been accepted into the Navy.

The discrepancy between the plans and the actual rates of delivery of ships and submarines to the navy is a clear indication that domestic shipbuilding still has enough problems of a very different nature. Some steps are being taken to remedy this situation, but it is difficult to speak about their results. In particular, large investments are planned in the defense industry, the aim of which is the modernization of existing industries.

Currently, there are contracts for the construction of about four dozen ships and submarines of various types. The equipment currently under construction, according to current plans, will be transferred to the customer up to and including 2016. Thus, already in the coming years it will be possible to look at the real achievements of shipbuilding and draw conclusions about the effectiveness of the measures taken.


On the materials of the sites:
http://ria.ru/
http://nvo.ng.ru/
http://vz.ru/
http://bmpd.livejournal.com/
http://rus.ruvr.ru/
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  1. Interface
    Interface 21 January 2014 09: 19
    +7
    Boats and small missile ships are not a fat achievement. Submarines are already better. And the frigate Gorshkov has not been completed for two years now. Faster, faster! And proceed to the construction of large ships: destroyers, cruisers, large landing ships, dock ships, at least another 2 aircraft carrier will not be superfluous ... Although it is clear that there can be no talk of heavy ships at all. It's nice to dream winked
    1. gunnerminer
      gunnerminer 21 January 2014 11: 21
      0
      Quote: Interface
      Boats and small missile ships are not a fat achievement. Submarines are already better. And the frigate Gorshkov has not been completed for two years now. Faster, faster! And proceed to the construction of large ships: destroyers, cruisers, large landing ships, dock ships, at least another 2 aircraft carrier will not be superfluous ... Although it is clear that there can be no talk of heavy ships at all. It's nice to dream winked


      Frigate Gorshkov was promised to be delivered in February 2009.
      1. The comment was deleted.
      2. Greyfox
        Greyfox 21 January 2014 13: 48
        +8
        Gunyaand now quickly explain to comrades why Volodka shaved his mustache.In terms of how do you know about the training of crews on submarines, and about the state of training centers in Obninsk and Sosnovy Bor (I’m not talking about Dzemgi), and about Yeisk and about the BDK, if you’ve never been a submariner, not twice a pilot, and a sailor on a "huckster" who wipes for a month in the ports of different governorates and spends half a year in his trough and a month in your unloved homeland?
        People, know who you are dealing with and do not get fooled.
    2. gunnerminer
      gunnerminer 21 January 2014 13: 56
      -3
      Frigate Gorshkov was promised to be delivered in February 2009.
    3. 755962
      755962 21 January 2014 14: 41
      +4
      The Arctic should be "closed" .... it's "warm" there right now .. or maybe (pah-pah-pah) be hot. To all those who understood me soldier
      1. bask
        bask 21 January 2014 17: 45
        +5
        Quote: 755962
        The Arctic should be "closed" .... it's warm there right now

        That's what ships and nuclear submarines are needed for, the more the better.

        Which are able to solve issues in the Arctic.
        клик
    4. ilya_oz
      ilya_oz 21 January 2014 19: 40
      0
      They’ll probably take the money from you personally.
    5. Civil
      Civil 22 January 2014 08: 09
      0
      It’s impossible to start building quickly after decades of collapse
  2. Russ69
    Russ69 21 January 2014 09: 59
    +5
    They started building, it’s already good. And problems with technology will be solved one way or another. I would like, of course, faster ...
    1. sub307
      sub307 21 January 2014 10: 39
      +4
      I'm afraid that "faster" is simply necessary, and not what "I would like."
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. gunnerminer
      gunnerminer 21 January 2014 11: 25
      -9
      Quote: Russ69
      They started building, it’s already good. And problems with technology will be solved one way or another. I would like, of course, faster ...



      They started to build, but at the same time, as always, they did not think about the full training of the crews. The crews of the mapples Severodvinsk and Boreev operate the maritime unit, while studying its structure. In view of the lack of even plans for the design of training complexes according to the projects, they forgot about the infrastructure for the ships under construction and provision combat training. Until now, there are no modern submarine floating bases, universal supply transports, torpedo tubes, fire fighting vehicles, rescue ships, or modern hospital ships.
      1. Russ69
        Russ69 21 January 2014 15: 04
        +6
        Quote: gunnerminer
        .Till now, there are no modern submarine floating depots, universal supply transports, torpedo tubes, fire fighting vehicles, rescue ships, or modern hospital ships.

        In fairness, for the sake of; 1 floating base is being built, universal transports, as well. One of a kind passed this year. Hospital ships (4 remaining), decided to restore and capitalize (according to Shoigu). Rescue, diving vessels are now also being built ...
        I understand that the Navy needs a lot more. But quickly, this cannot be decided ...

        Here, in detail for everyone, but the summer stuff is still ...
        http://oko-planet.su/politik/politikarm/202445-stroyaschiesya-i-prinyatye-korabl
        i-dlya-vmf-rf.html
        1. gunnerminer
          gunnerminer 21 January 2014 15: 25
          0
          The floating base is being built when it is unknown to the fleet. I am writing about the current state of the fleet. The floating base is not valuable for the crews of submarines. The same is true about universal transports, they have been talked about building them for a long time. They have not even begun to warm up hospital ships. this is what the fleet needs right now to maintain the assigned combat readiness. And not conversations and articles in the press. There are enough articles and conversations, there are no ships and ships.
          1. Russ69
            Russ69 21 January 2014 17: 49
            +4
            Quote: gunnerminer
            I am writing about the current state of the fleet.

            Here, for that and build. Or there is a suggestion on how to do it all at once.
            Quote: gunnerminer
            . The same about universal transports, they have been talking about their construction for a long time.

            One project 20180 in 10 passed, one this year should, one in 16.
            They didn’t even start to hospitalize the court ships
            Not yet. Yes, and we capital, a lot of what is needed. all at once will not work ...
            1. gunnerminer
              gunnerminer 21 January 2014 18: 27
              -3
              One project 20180 in 10 passed, one this year should, one in 16.



              Quite a modest result against the background of numerous conversations, discussions. One building can not do. Two more fit somewhere.
              1. Russ69
                Russ69 22 January 2014 03: 04
                +1
                Quote: gunnerminer
                Two still fit somewhere.

                So they will be, already two this year ....
          2. JIaIIoTb
            JIaIIoTb 21 January 2014 23: 46
            +2
            Quote: gunnerminer
            There are still no modern submarine ships,

            Quote: Russ69
            In fairness, for the sake of; 1 floating base is under construction

            Quote: gunnerminer
            The floating base under construction is of no value to the crew of submarines.


            So I think maybe he (gunnerminer) to ignore send.
            Rare liar. But on the other hand, it is necessary to catch him in a lie. Compare that he spoke not only in this article but also in others on a similar topic.
            Although .... this is a person from the category who will say black and white and not blush.
  3. VohaAhov
    VohaAhov 21 January 2014 10: 38
    +7
    Kirill did not tell about the main points - the commissioning of the first Russian "Mistral". It is not said about the commissioning of the lead frigates - "Admiral Gorshkov" and "Admiral Grigorovich.
    1. gunnerminer
      gunnerminer 21 January 2014 11: 19
      -12%
      Quote: VohaAhov
      Kirill did not tell about the main points - the commissioning of the first Russian "Mistral". It is not said about the commissioning of the lead frigates - "Admiral Gorshkov" and "Admiral Grigorovich.


      Before the commissioning of Mistral as on a donkey to the Moon. The ship is of value to the fleet as a combat unit after the completion of three course tasks (K-1, K-2, K-3), after the delivery of tasks by an air force. This air connection is not began to form, due to the lack of personnel of all categories, except for a couple of drunks from Novonikolayevka. Even the helicopters had not yet been made for Mistral, there was only one empty ringing. The construction of the promised infrastructure for Mistral was limited to closing the cracks in the pier. Frigate Gorshkov continues to stand at the factory wall without the promised artillery and with uncleaned forests behind the superstructure. They promised to surrender it in February 2009.
  4. moremansf
    moremansf 21 January 2014 10: 51
    +6
    We will wait for the plan for the development of the Navy until 2040, promised in January ... I would like to know the concept of construction and what it will focus on ... the ships are in great need of the Navy ... the average service life of the ships currently in service is more than 20 years. ..two ways deep modernization of existing ones and construction of new ones ... delay in resolving this issue can lead to negative consequences ... do not forget about the large-scale construction of the fleets of the APR countries and our "strategic" partners ... issues of the development of the Arctic and provision of navigation and fishing for our ships in remote areas of the world's oceans ..
    1. gunnerminer
      gunnerminer 21 January 2014 11: 14
      -2
      Boats are being built. But there are no modern rescue ships with modern deep-sea diving complexes. There are no modern submarine ship depots. There are no modern training centers (training stations). Crews of new buildings such as Maple-Severodvinsk, and A. Nevsky’s crew are exploring the material part while operating it. Due to the lack of modern simulator complexes corresponding to the above boat projects. Modern submarines and the corresponding modern infrastructure are very difficult to plan and build in the current state of the USC (United Shipbuilding Corporation), outflow of capital abroad, outrageous corruption, domestic politics incomprehensible to the masses of the population, and shy times of temporary workers Ministers of Defense.
    2. gunnerminer
      gunnerminer 21 January 2014 14: 39
      -4
      Training centers for submariners in Obninsk (Kaluga region) and Sosnovy Bor (Leningrad region) have long been in need of not modernization, but a complete upgrade of simulators and training classes. Classrooms for acoustics training have been outdated by 20 years. Classes for training specialists БЧ-2, БЧ -3 are not equipped in accordance with the samples of weapons and weapons accepted for operation by the fleets.
  5. gunnerminer
    gunnerminer 21 January 2014 11: 46
    -2
    Training centers for submariners in Obninsk (Kaluga region) and Sosnovy Bor (Leningrad region) have long been in need of not modernization, but a complete upgrade of simulators and training classes. Classrooms for acoustics training have been outdated by 20 years. Classes for training specialists БЧ-2, БЧ -3 are not equipped in accordance with the samples of weapons and weapons accepted for operation by the fleets.
    1. The comment was deleted.
  6. melman
    melman 21 January 2014 12: 27
    +5
    You only hear mostly the word "head", so what did everyone want? He is the leader, while the designer, the workers and sailors work out all the production technologies, installations, debugging the mechanisms, create the appropriate documentation, time must pass, experience appears! As soon as the program accelerates, construction will go much faster. An example of corvettes 20380 during their operation, problems were identified, the project was finalized, it became 20385, and this is again a new ship, it again did not suit the military with a road, now 20386 and this is again a new ship!
  7. AVV
    AVV 21 January 2014 12: 43
    +1
    Quote: Russ69
    They started building, it’s already good. And problems with technology will be solved one way or another. I would like, of course, faster ...

    Enemies do not sleep, the states of destroyers and cruisers bake like hot cakes and we need to strive for this !!!
    1. Russ69
      Russ69 21 January 2014 15: 13
      +1
      Quote: AVV
      Enemies do not sleep, the states of destroyers and cruisers bake like hot cakes and we need to strive for this !!!

      Catch up with the US fleet, we can not afford. And is it necessary for us ...
    2. skiff-xnumx
      skiff-xnumx 21 January 2014 15: 43
      +5
      Please tell me when the states lowered the last cruiser. Something I forgot wink wink
    3. The comment was deleted.
    4. vthrehbq
      vthrehbq 21 January 2014 18: 28
      0
      ???? but the meaning ..
      just think what is the point in hundreds of cruisers of the same type .. why do we need gigantomania .. thousands, hundreds of thousands we catch up and overtake America ..
      15-30 cruisers are enough for our fleet to protect the borders, we only have the Black Sea, Pacific Ocean, Baltic and Caspian fleets .. that's all. we don’t have to build aircraft carriers. no need for a huge fleet. we have a land border. the states of the sea .. seeks to make a giant fleet very stupid
  8. Hitrovan07
    Hitrovan07 21 January 2014 13: 21
    +3
    There will soon be more articles on the number of handed over ships, tugs and boats for 2013 than handed over ships. laughing
    1. gunnerminer
      gunnerminer 21 January 2014 14: 40
      -5
      Quote: Hitrovan07
      There will soon be more articles on the number of handed over ships, tugs and boats for 2013 than handed over ships. laughing



      That's right, the fleet’s combat readiness does not increase from the number of articles.
  9. gunnerminer
    gunnerminer 21 January 2014 14: 21
    -5
    Training centers for submariners in Obninsk (Kaluga region) and Sosnovy Bor (Leningrad region) have long been in need of not modernization, but a complete upgrade of simulators and training classes. Classrooms for acoustics training have been outdated by 20 years. Classes for training specialists БЧ-2, БЧ -3 are not equipped in accordance with the samples of weapons and weapons accepted for operation by the fleets.
    1. user1212
      user1212 21 January 2014 18: 00
      +4
      gunnerminer not tired of retyping the same thing? 3 identical messages.
      You "know" a lot. Without links to sources of information, all this is empty chatter.
      1. gunnerminer
        gunnerminer 21 January 2014 18: 24
        -6
        Quote: user1212
        gunnerminer not tired of retyping the same thing? 3 identical messages.
        You "know" a lot. Without links to sources of information, all this is empty chatter.



        Don’t read. Nobody forces you to read or comment on the verdict of the court. I write that I consider it necessary, I must reprint it 50 times.
        1. user1212
          user1212 21 January 2014 18: 59
          0
          Repetition of the same messages is called a flood. In most forums, it is a violation of the accepted rules of communication.
          1. JIaIIoTb
            JIaIIoTb 22 January 2014 00: 41
            +1
            Quote: user1212
            Repetition of the same messages is called a flood. In most forums, it is a violation of the accepted rules of communication.


            gunnerminer always writes the same thing. Read his posts not only in this article.
            He always writes the same thing, replaces words with places, uses synonyms.
  10. Power
    Power 21 January 2014 16: 32
    +3
    They brought in the Gaster, but it turns out that they don't know how to build ships - a bummer. And they lived their twenty years from the world "some are gone, but those are far away"
    1. gunnerminer
      gunnerminer 21 January 2014 18: 35
      0
      Quote: Strength
      They brought in the Gaster, but it turns out that they don't know how to build ships - a bummer. And they lived their twenty years from the world "some are gone, but those are far away"


      In the Far East, it’s not just building, even repairing submarines, they lost their ability. The boats stood in Vilyuchinsk for three years, the Northeast Repair Center spent 3 billion rubles, but the boats weren’t handed over to the fleet. They are currently deciding how to transfer them to Sevrodvinsk to continue KTOF can not be combat ready, with the lost ability on its own to maintain the technical combat readiness of ships and submarines.
      1. Power
        Power 21 January 2014 21: 36
        +4
        Only twenty years of "liberal reforms" and "Kalash" are becoming the pinnacle of military engineering. When in the country of Chubais - Hitler quietly smokes on the sidelines.
  11. Leshka
    Leshka 21 January 2014 17: 59
    +1
    oh carriers here
  12. saag
    saag 21 January 2014 20: 33
    +1
    there are problems with ordinary ships, so even before the pile do you need aircraft carriers?