Military Review

Will Russia have new military bases abroad?

36
Just a few decades ago, our country had a large number of military bases abroad. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, their number decreased, which is why at present Russian troops use only a few foreign bases. Similar facilities are located in Tajikistan, Armenia, Abkhazia and South Ossetia. In addition, in the port city of Tartus (Syria) there is a point of logistics of the Navy. Foreign bases have significantly improved the capabilities of the domestic armed forces, but the economic and political problems of the past decades have led to the closure of most of these facilities. The bases in remote countries (Cuba and Vietnam) and in the republics of the former USSR have ceased to exist.


In recent years, Russia has begun implementing a development program for its armed forces. In the context of the future naval fleet increased combat effectiveness may be associated with the use of bases in foreign countries. As the events of recent months have shown, the Russian military may have similar plans. Recently, several steps have been taken which, to one degree or another, can contribute to increasing the defense capability of the Russian armed forces.


BOD "Tallinn", The base of the Navy of the USSR Cam Ranh, Vietnam


In November last year, after the meeting of the leaders of Russia and Vietnam, there were reports in the media about further cooperation between the two countries. As it became known, a base for servicing and repairing submarines will appear in the port of Cam Ranh. From the information currently available, it follows that this object will be designed to work with submarines of the Vietnamese Navy. However, the fact that Vietnamese sailors exploit Russian-built submarines, as well as the need for further cooperation with Russia in creating a service base, became the basis for some assumptions. It is not excluded that in the future the Russian Navy will return to Cam Ranh again.

Recall the Soviet, and then the Russian military used the Cam Ranh base from 1979 of the year. The contract with Vietnam implied the lease of the port and the airfield free of charge, but all the investments in the base infrastructure were made by the Soviet military. Base Cam Ranh has become the largest Soviet military facility outside the country: its total area reached 100 square. km In 2001, the Russian government decided not to renew the lease agreement and close the base. The reasons for this were the proposals of the Vietnamese side to include in the contract an item on paying the rent, as well as the absence of the need for a base. Since the beginning of the nineties, Russian ships have never been in the Indian Ocean, and the possibility of such trips in the future was in question. Thus, for several years, the Cam Ranh base was virtually useless for the Russian Navy, and its maintenance cost a considerable amount. In the middle of 2002, the last Russian military left the base.

In recent years, in the context of military-technical cooperation between Russia and Vietnam, the possible re-establishment of the Cam Ranh base is often mentioned. So far there is no official information on this subject, but the expansion of cooperation between the two countries in various fields may eventually lead to the emergence of a new lease agreement base. Whether such expectations justify - time will tell.

Others newsrelated to the possible creation of Russian military bases abroad, come from Cyprus. A few days ago, the Cyprus Weekly edition, citing its sources, wrote about the plans of the Cypriot leadership. According to the publication, the Ministry of Defense of Cyprus has drawn up and submitted to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs a plan for cooperation with Russia. According to this document, our country will be able to use the Andreas Papandreou airbase (Paphos), as well as the port of Limassol. At the same time, however, at first, the aerodrome will be able to receive only aircraft participating in rescue or humanitarian operations. Official confirmation of the existence of such a plan of cooperation has not yet appeared.

Will Russia have new military bases abroad?
Andreas Papandreu Air Force Base


The topic of Russia renting a Cyprus air base appeared in the press last summer. The head of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, S. Lavrov, during negotiations with his Cypriot counterpart I. Kasulidis, declared our country’s desire to rent an air base near the city of Paphos. After that, for several months, the Cyprus media discussed a possible treaty between the countries and its consequences. Having received the Russian proposal, the Government of Cyprus was in a difficult position. On the one hand, cooperation with Russia may have positive economic and political consequences, but on the other hand, the possible lease of the air base has caused a strong reaction from third countries. Thus, having received some benefits, Cyprus risks deteriorating relations with Western states.

An additional reason for concluding an agreement on the lease of an air base in a number of media outlets was the possible easing of the terms of the loan granted to Cyprus by Russia. However, the leadership of the island nation denied these rumors. According to the Cyprus Minister of Defense F. Fotiu, the final decision will be made taking into account national interests.

The use of a Cyprus air base or the resumption of the base in Cam Ranh would certainly be useful for the Russian armed forces. With the help of these two objects, it would be possible to increase the presence of ships and airplanes in the Mediterranean, as well as in the Pacific and Indian oceans. However, such steps can significantly affect the international situation in the respective regions. Moreover, such a Russian presence may directly contradict the interests of third countries that claim leadership in a particular region. Therefore, in particular, the reaction of Western countries, including the United States, to the Russian proposal for the use of an air base in Cyprus becomes understandable.

The appearance of Russian troops in Cyprus can affect the interests of several European countries, as well as the United States. The resumption of the work of the Russian base in Vietnam will not remain without the attention of third countries. First of all, it is the USA and China. It should be noted that at the beginning of the last decade, these two countries claimed to rent the Kamran base. However, negotiations with two possible tenants did not end with the signing of the contract. Official Hanoi announced that the Vietnamese military will independently use the remaining base. Moreover, statements were made that no more warship would enter the port of Cam Ranh anymore. As you can see, the latest events directly indicate the opposite. According to the latest plans, Vietnam is ready to cooperate with foreign countries, including Russia, which is building ships and submarines for it.

There are some advances in the emergence of new foreign bases of the Russian armed forces, but so far we are not talking about the emergence of full-fledged facilities, similar to those that existed in the past. We have to admit, at the moment and in the foreseeable future, large bases abroad will not be needed by our navy. Construction of new ships and submarines continues, but over the next few years, the Russian Navy will lag behind the fleet of the Soviet Union in the seventies or eighties in terms of the number of ships. Because of this, our sailors will not be able to conduct constant patrols in remote regions and, as a result, there will be no need for serious bases that can simultaneously serve a large number of ships.

It should be emphasized that the conclusions about the absence of the need for foreign bases, primarily for the Navy, relate only to the present time and the near future. If the Russian shipbuilding manages to complete the tasks assigned to it within the framework of the State Armaments Program, then by 2020, the issue of creating bases will again become relevant. The constant increase in the number of ships and submarines in the navy in the future will allow to organize a permanent patrol in the necessary areas. For such work, you may need not only logistics points, but also bases. The construction of the required number of ships will take several years. Negotiations with foreign countries can also be lengthy and difficult. Therefore, the current talk about returning to Cam Ranh base or using the Cyprus Andreas Papandreou airfield can be the first step in the long and difficult task of returning our armed forces to remote regions of the planet.


On the materials of the sites:
http://ria.ru/
http://lenta.ru/
http://itar-tass.com/
http://interfax.ru/
http://pravda.ru/
http://newsru.com/
http://incyprus.philenews.com/
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36 comments
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  1. nokki
    nokki 16 January 2014 08: 53
    +11
    As my grandfather used to say: "You need to dig in in advance!" I would also add Cuba, Venezuela, and possibly Ecuador to the list.
    1. sledgehammer102
      sledgehammer102 16 January 2014 09: 36
      +3
      Quote: nokki
      I would add Cuba, Venezuela and, possibly, Ecuador to the list.


      To hell with her with Cuba, IMHO more problems then, but in Venezuela - just right.
      1. mirag2
        mirag2 16 January 2014 19: 05
        +4
        In Venezuela, it’s necessary to have oil there, which our companies are developing, but in Cuba the political regime is stable, and Venezuela’s uncle Sam’s agents left no desire to retake, there is the largest amount of proven oil reserves in the world.
      2. K9_SWAT
        K9_SWAT 16 January 2014 20: 40
        +5
        Cuba must not be missed !!! And closer to the United States for missiles and Cubans as fighters are the best in both Americas and some of the best in the world. And our military should be sent to a sanatorium there))))
    2. AVV
      AVV 16 January 2014 12: 55
      +6
      We need to work more aggressively with countries where potential bases are located !!! And put them in the United States and Western countries according to the full program !!! They are not a decree for us !!!
    3. Rus2012
      Rus2012 16 January 2014 13: 13
      +4
      Quote: nokki
      added to the list of Cuba, Venezuela and, possibly, Ecuador.

      Necessarily Nicaragua!
      We’ll build a parallel Canal with China! laughing
      1. Ulairy
        Ulairy 16 January 2014 20: 46
        0
        gee, with chinese hands ...
    4. Corsair
      Corsair 16 January 2014 17: 21
      +1
      Quote: nokki
      I would add Cuba, Venezuela and, possibly, Ecuador to the list.

      ... Nicaragua, with an emerging alternative Panama Canal.
    5. tank 34
      tank 34 16 January 2014 22: 07
      0
      As my grandfather used to say: "Let's wait and see"
    6. Saburov
      Saburov 17 January 2014 00: 31
      +3
      In Cuba, the base in Lourdes is in a mothballed condition, plus small personnel from Russia to service equipment and security, although the most interesting is that it is officially closed with 2002, but there were several flights of transporters loaded to Cuba and empty back, supposedly to remove equipment from the station. .. now the United States is blaming us that Russia uses the station in economic interests.
    7. commbatant
      commbatant 2 February 2014 03: 09
      0
      Quote: nokki
      I would add Cuba, Venezuela and, possibly, Ecuador to the list.


      who is banking?
  2. svskor80
    svskor80 16 January 2014 08: 55
    +8
    Given the growing interest of the United States in the Asia-Pacific region, the base in Kamrani would be a place, but the Americans would jump out of their skin to prevent this. But in general, Russia needs to get such bases and not spare money and energy for it.
  3. Standard Oil
    Standard Oil 16 January 2014 09: 04
    +3
    Why is it always the word "but" at the end when reading about any positive news about Russia?
    1. ZU-23
      ZU-23 16 January 2014 09: 23
      +5
      Because not all of the goals and objectives have been achieved, as a rule, development has only just begun everywhere, plus there is no guarantee that everyone will succeed everywhere, so we hope and believe patriotically
    2. The comment was deleted.
  4. Kovrovsky
    Kovrovsky 16 January 2014 09: 11
    +10
    Quote: nokki
    As my grandfather used to say: "You need to dig in in advance!" I would also add Cuba, Venezuela, and possibly Ecuador to the list.

    If the radar were returned in Lourdes in Cuba, then the Americans would have spoiled their mood for a long time! laughing
  5. Leopold
    Leopold 16 January 2014 09: 22
    +3
    The appearance of Russian troops ... may affect the interests of several European states, as well as the United States

    Rather, these interests would be affected. laughing
  6. La-5
    La-5 16 January 2014 09: 26
    +1
    Cyprus is a strategic island in the Mediterranean Sea, "the gateway to the Middle East", it was not for nothing that the British established a base there.
    1. Nagaibak
      Nagaibak 16 January 2014 10: 17
      +8
      La-5 "Cyprus is a strategic island in the Mediterranean Sea," gateway to the Middle East ", it is not for nothing that the British set up a base there."
      Yes, the British have 2 bases there. And they have healthy territory ...
      Ours at one time would not have to forgive debts to all countries, but to demand that they give them land. With access to the sea, yes, so that you could arrange an airfield ... I think some country could easily give up some desert territory. Moreover, for the arrangement of the base it is not necessary to give a lot of land. Nothing prevents to search for places to equip military bases in far abroad even now. It would be a desire ... But rent is crap ... You must have your own ...
      1. commbatant
        commbatant 2 February 2014 03: 14
        0
        Quote: Nagaibak
        And they have healthy territory ...

        3% of the total territory of Cyprus, bargained when independence was given to Cyprus
  7. GREAT RUSSIA
    GREAT RUSSIA 16 January 2014 10: 22
    +2
    Military bases, good news, we need to expand our influence throughout the world.
  8. moremansf
    moremansf 16 January 2014 10: 57
    +6
    REFERENCE: In different years, the USSR Navy had naval bases in Cuba (Cienfuegos), Poland (Swinoujscie), Germany (Rostock), Finland (Porkkala-Udd), Somalia (Berbera), Vietnam (Kamran), Syria (Tartus), Yemen (Hodeida), Ethiopia (Nokra), Egypt and Libya. In Albania, the Soviet Navy in 1958 received Vlora's submarine base. At present, the Russian Navy has remained at the PMTO only in Kamrani and Tartus, as well as a testing base based on Lake. Issyk-Kul (Kyrgyzstan), and three foreign communication centers - Vileika (Belarus), Bishkek (Kyrgyzstan) and Havana (Cuba).
    At different periods in the 60-80-s of the last century, VET worked in Cienfuegos (Cuba), Bizerte and Sfax (Tunisia, which, incidentally, was never considered a country of socialist orientation), Port Said and Mersa Matruh (Egypt), Tripoli and Tobruk (Libya), Tartus and Latakia (Syria), Aden and Fr. Socotra (NDRY), Berber (Somalia), Conakry (Guinea), Luanda (Angola), Kamrani (Vietnam), in Asmara and on Fr. Dahlak (Ethiopia). Thus, the Soviet fleet appeared in those areas of the World Ocean that the West always considered to be its deep rear (Indian Ocean, Central and South Atlantic, Caribbean Sea, central Pacific Ocean). Under the control of our Navy were some of the most important nodes of maritime communications, for example, both exits from the Red Sea (both the Suez Canal and the Bab el-Mandeb Strait). Soviet sailors and marines even began to conduct joint exercises with the "natives." Training landings landed on the Yemeni island of Socotra, in Syria, in Somalia, in Vietnam.
    Our largest base abroad was the Vietnamese Camran. In addition to the 15th operational squadron of Pacific Fleet operating in the western and central parts of the Pacific Ocean, a naval aviation regiment was based there, and radar and radio intelligence equipment were located. In addition, Kamran was the rear base for the 8-th operational squadron operating in the Indian Ocean. The number of military personnel reached 10 thousand people. Kamrani harbor is one of the best in the Pacific Ocean, ships of all classes up to and including an aircraft carrier can be based here. During the Vietnam War, the United States intended to transfer the main base of its 7 fleet to Camran from Subic Bay in the Philippines. They managed to create a well-equipped naval base just in time for their defeat and withdrawal from Vietnam. In 1979, she took control of the USSR on the rights of an 25-year free lease (which, alas, ended two years ahead of schedule). In the middle of the 80, the number of submarines, ships and auxiliary vessels based here at the same time exceeded 20 units. The ships of the 15 squadron not only opposed the US 7 fleet, but also strained China from the south, relations with which at that time were at the level of the Cold War.
    In the photo, the PMTO of the Russian Navy in Syria, the port of Tartus.
  9. moremansf
    moremansf 16 January 2014 11: 04
    +4
    REFERENCE:It is more widely known to the general public that we were in the Mediterranean. The fifth operational squadron of the USSR Navy consisted of ships of all three European fleets of the USSR - the Black Sea, Baltic and Northern (on a rotational basis, of course). Moreover, the Northern Fleet played the main role, despite its remoteness from the Mediterranean Sea. Firstly, he was the strongest, and secondly, he had the ability to deploy freely in the open ocean. From 1967 to 1972, the year the squadron was constantly based in Port Said, and Tu-16, Il-38 and Be-12 reconnaissance and anti-submarine aircraft were stationed at the airfields of Mersa Matruh, Aswan, Alexandria, Cairo-West. Our sailors were more than once ready to engage in battle with the Israelis or with the US 6 fleet - both during the Six Day War of the 1967 year, and during the war of attrition of the 1967 — 1970 years, and during the days of the October 1973 war, although by then our fleet, like the entire military contingent, had already been expelled by Sadat from Egypt. In January 1968, a detachment of Black Sea Fleet ships landed on the Asian coast of the Suez Canal in order to maintain control of Egypt over the entrance to the canal, but this did not lead to conflict with Israel. After the loss of Egypt, the 5-I squadron, which is commonly called the Mediterranean, remained restless. Ships called at the ports of Algeria, Tunisia and Libya (here they were in the spring of the 1986 year, that is, already under Gorbachev, they were again drawn into a conflict with the 6 fleet during American attacks on the Libyan fleet in Sidra Bay, and then on Tripoli and Benghazi), however, did not have a main base. Syria was the USSR’s main ally in the Mediterranean, however, our military apparently had unpleasant memories of the 1973 war for a long time, when Israeli missile boats, during several attacks on the Syrian ports of Latakia and Banias, completely destroyed the Navy of this country and also sank several foreign merchant ships, including one Soviet (and they did it with impunity, not a single Israeli boat was even damaged). In addition, in the early 80's, our anti-aircraft missiles, temporarily stationed in Syria, were several times attacked by both Israeli paratroopers and local Muslim extremists. Nevertheless, the sailors had nowhere to go, with the 1988 of the year, a permanent vocational vocational school in Tartus began to operate. Pictured PMTO Tartus, Syria.
  10. Old_kapitan
    Old_kapitan 16 January 2014 11: 17
    +10
    Comrades, in the light of the events on Maydaun, news from Russia - just the same balm for an honest Hohlyak soul! hi
  11. IOwTZ
    IOwTZ 16 January 2014 13: 02
    +5
    Kamran base was actually useless for the Russian Navy, and its content cost considerable amounts. In mid-2002, the last Russian military left the base.

    Since 2001, the number of billionaires in Russia began to increase. And from that moment they began to close Cam Ranh, "ears in Cuba", dropped the MIR station, etc. There is no money to maintain state facilities, there is no money to build roads, there is no money to build cities, there is no money to build production, there is no money to buy technology, there is no money to equip Siberia and the Far East, there is no money to make repairs in hospitals and to import the latest medical equipment, there is no money for that to raise their pharmaceuticals, there is no money for education, there is no money for affordable mortgages, there is no money for the development of resort areas (Baikal, Gorny Altai, Kamchatka, the Republic of Tuva), there is no money to reduce tariffs on domestic flights, so that Russians have more knew their country, there is no money for the development of agriculture, etc. But there is money for yachts, palaces, the Olympics, the Olympic flame, mosques, the Caucasus, for writing off the debts of third countries, for the protection of the Chelyabinsk governor, for Skolkovo, for the purchase expensive cars for officials, for the payment of annual dividends of millions to one person, etc. The only positive moment for all this time is maternity capital.
  12. pan_nor
    pan_nor 16 January 2014 13: 23
    0
    Our need in Malta to demand a base. In our Maltese province!
    1. Panikovsky
      Panikovsky 16 January 2014 15: 33
      +1
      tomorrow morning, drop everything and demand until hoarse and blue, even to the bright end. The equestrian statue in Valletta is guaranteed to you. lol
  13. saag
    saag 16 January 2014 13: 29
    +1
    Why not return Port Arthur? :-)
    1. Nagaibak
      Nagaibak 16 January 2014 13: 34
      +2
      saag "Why not return Port Arthur? :-)"
      And it is inconveniently located! -)))
  14. Tatarus
    Tatarus 16 January 2014 15: 03
    +3
    I decided exactly the base - good.
    I decided the second. It would be better if more.
    And the third thought. Yes, Yes, Yes.
    And that the states would be a little bigger (longer).
  15. sergei23
    sergei23 16 January 2014 15: 22
    +2
    The author forgot that there is still a Russian peacekeeping contingent in Transnistria. The so-called OGRV (Operational Group of Russian Forces). The number of military personnel is about 500 people. It is alarming that Russia has liquidated its helicopter squadron not long ago. Also, Ukraine puts sticks in wheels without providing its airspace for the delivery of goods to our peacekeepers.
  16. Stasi
    Stasi 16 January 2014 15: 24
    +4
    I am glad that Russia began to regain its influence in the world, the armed forces are increasing their power and the appearance of foreign military bases is a good indicator. It is very pleasing that Russia resumes cooperation with Vietnam. The base in Kamrani is of strategic importance for influencing the situation in the Asia-Pacific region, it is not in vain that the Americans and Chinese very stubbornly persuaded the Vietnamese to cede this base to them. It would be nice to reopen the base in Lourdes in Cuba. This station had not only the task of early warning of a missile strike from the United States. This station conducted electronic reconnaissance of military facilities and the US Navy. For the Yankees, the presence of this electronic intelligence station was a serious headache. In fact, almost the entire American fleet was in full view of us thanks to this base, not one of its movements remained unnoticed. That is why we need the base in Lourdes and the resumption of cooperation with the Cubans.
    1. IOwTZ
      IOwTZ 16 January 2014 16: 23
      +1
      Quote: Stasi
      For the Yankees, the presence of this electronic intelligence station was a serious headache. In fact, almost the entire American fleet was in full view of us thanks to this base, not one of its movements remained unnoticed. That is why we need the base in Lourdes and the resumption of cooperation with the Cubans.


      That's why this database is no longer there. Lourdes is not so difficult to launch, and the Cubans will only be happy about this.
  17. silver_roman
    silver_roman 16 January 2014 16: 32
    0
    wherever our base is located and whatever status it carries, this will contradict "overseas friends." it is no longer possible to go to the toilet, so as not to contradict American interests. tired of the Yankees ...

    and what is heard on the base in Egypt? Does anyone have any info ???
    1. moremansf
      moremansf 16 January 2014 18: 51
      +1
      So far, only the memories of past years ...
  18. Leshka
    Leshka 16 January 2014 17: 43
    0
    good news we would have more base in Africa
  19. invisibility
    invisibility 16 January 2014 20: 13
    +1
    It is worth recognizing that at the moment and in the foreseeable future, large bases abroad will not be needed by our navy. The construction of new ships and submarines continues, but over the next few years the Russian Navy will lag behind the fleet of the Soviet Union in the seventies or eighties in terms of the number of ships.
    So let the oligarchs be thrown, from the stolen and we will have a fleet, mother do not grieve.
    1. family tree
      family tree 16 January 2014 20: 41
      +1
      Quote: invisible
      It is worth recognizing that at the moment and in the foreseeable future, large bases abroad will not be needed by our navy. The construction of new ships and submarines continues, but over the next few years the Russian Navy will lag behind the fleet of the Soviet Union in the seventies or eighties in terms of the number of ships.
      So let the oligarchs be thrown, from the stolen and we will have a fleet, mother do not grieve.

      In the 41st, we had a bunch of tanks and there was no support for them, everyone remembers the result. In parallel, everything needs to be done, especially since one does not interfere with the other. wink
      Quote: Leshka
      good news we would have more base in Africa

      In Dakar what Well, Schaub Bulo.
  20. Ulairy
    Ulairy 16 January 2014 21: 01
    0
    [i] It should be emphasized that the conclusions about the lack of need for foreign bases, primarily for the Navy, apply only to the present and the near future. If Russian shipbuilding is able to fulfill the tasks assigned to it in the framework of the State Arms Program, then by 2020 the issue of creating bases will again become relevant.
    Here it is: "it should be emphasized", about "conclusions about the need for the Navy", and also "if the Russian shipbuilding succeeds" !!! Something all is sad again, like a folk game of "throwing our hats." Damn, there are still no conclusions about the need for naval bases? And does shipbuilding try, but fail?
  21. Gato
    Gato 16 January 2014 22: 45
    +4
    My private opinion (well, we are all great strategists laughing ):
    1. The base is great (but very expensive). The base, if it is far from the metropolis, needs to be equipped, rotated l / s, etc. etc. Does the Russian Federation have strategic transport aviation? Or some analogue of the fleet?
    You can, of course, use local resources, but again, this is very expensive.
    2. Does Russia have critical (vital) important interests in the same Venezuela or in Cuba? Russia, after all, is not an island or a comprador country; world trade does not greatly affect its viability (in contrast to the USA, England, Japan, or China itself);
    3. Some comrades will notice (and be right) that bases are a way of projecting not only strength, but cultural and economic influence. But, this would be true for the USSR - and what economic (not to mention cultural) influence can the Russian Federation offer?
    4. Well, and most importantly - what about the goals? Where are the strategic goals? Where are they formulated? Troll the Yankees, show that they are not the most exceptional - this is not the goal, so pampering.
    Although the electorate is nice. wassat
  22. Taezhnik
    Taezhnik 17 January 2014 06: 43
    0
    It should be emphasized that the conclusions about the lack of need for foreign bases, primarily for the Navy, apply only to the present and the near future. If Russian shipbuilding is able to fulfill the tasks assigned to it in the framework of the State Arms Program, then by 2020 the issue of creating bases will again become relevant - I will say this, prepare the sled in the summer. Already now it is necessary to conduct work on this issue in all areas and regions of the world. I hope when Cuba was forgiven the debt the moment with the base of the location of our armed forces did not miss, but somehow it’s not neat in my opinion it turns out.
  23. rauffg
    rauffg 17 January 2014 09: 39
    0
    one of my colleagues served in Comran. he said as if he had served in Vietnam, they did not believe until he brought the pictures. In the pictures he stands so healthy, and next to him there are short soldiers of the Vietnamese army.
  24. Zomanus
    Zomanus 19 January 2014 03: 29
    0
    For starters, we should deal with our bases in Russia. Repair, modernize. Whatever happens, so that new ships in only one of two bases on the territory of the Russian Federation will be able to receive normal security. And abroad bases are needed. Moreover, not for rent, but for ownership.
  25. Bene valete
    Bene valete 1 February 2014 18: 24
    +1
    Oh, This Our Mania GREATNESS ... We will soon have no one to serve in the army in Russia (at home) !!! Who will we send to the bases? belay