Military Review

Indian self-propelled artillery Bhim

Bhim, a 155mm self-propelled artillery system, was developed at Avadi by DRDO. A chassis was used as the chassis of the Bhim self-propelled artillery tank Arjun equipped with a T-6 tower from a South African company Denel.

In India, in recent years, self-propelled artillery mounts have been actively developed on the basis of the main battle tanks in service. Mainly used machines of domestic production - Arjun and T-72. Indian specialists first tried to install turrets with 72-millimeter artillery systems from the British AS155D self-propelled howitzer AS90D, South African T-6 and Zuzana Zuzana on the chassis of the T-6 tank, however, they ended unsuccessfully, because the requirements for the mobility of the SAU in the conditions of the conditions were not satisfactory. areas along the Indo-Pakistan border. The development of a new howitzer commissioned the South African company Denel, which had experience in the development and production of artillery systems. The most successful option was the installation of the T-155 turret on the Arjun tank chassis, developed by the South African company Denel, in which a long-barreled 52-mm howitzer (caliber 7,62 barrel) and an XNUMX-mm machine gun were installed.

Indian self-propelled artillery Bhim

The work was carried out in the city of Avadi in the main research machine-building center in conjunction with the "Defense Research Organization." The self-propelled howitzer was given the name Bhim (warrior god in the Indian pantheon).

As a base for self-propelled artillery installation Bhim used Arjun tank chassis with a classic layout. In front of the tank control department is located, behind it is the fighting compartment, in the stern is the engine compartment.

The nose part of the body has a combined armor with a large angle of inclination of the frontal upper part. The sides of the hull are protected by anti-cumulative screens, their front part is made of armor material, the rest of the sides are covered with rubber screens. Probably, in Bhim ACS a high-speed fire extinguishing system and protection against weapons mass destruction. The hull has a welded design with the use of armor "khan", created in India. Armor is one of the chobham armor variants used in Western tanks.

The self-propelled unit Bhim preserved the power plant of the tank - a V-shaped ten-cylinder diesel 838 KA 501 of the company “MTU” with liquid cooling and a turbo-supercharging system. At 2500 rpm, the engine develops power in 1400 hp.

Hydromechanical transmission is connected to the engine, which includes a planetary gearbox of the German company Renk and a torque converter. The manual transmission has 4 forward gears and 2 reverse gears. Suspension - hydropneumatic. Each side of the chassis has 7 supporting and 4 supporting rollers. Rear wheels - leading. Dual track rollers with external shock absorption. The caterpillar is made of steel, equipped with rubber-metal hinges, on the tracks - rubber linings.

The T-6 welded turret of circular rotation was made of steel armor plates, providing protection from shrapnel of artillery shells and 7,62-mm armor-piercing bullets. Equipped with a gun with a barrel length 45-52 caliber, ejector and muzzle brake. Ammunition consists of separate loading 40 shots, which are placed in the aft niche in drum sets. There is a mechanism for loading and loading from the ground or transport. Elevation angles from –5 to + 70 degrees. The auxiliary power unit ensures firing in the event of the main engine shutdown. For the production of smoke screens on the frontal armor sheet is placed two four-barreled grenade launcher. Access to the calculation of the tower through the commander's hatch in the roof and doors in the sides.

The prototype 155-millimeter self-propelled howitzer Bhim is equipped with a fully automated positioning system and an autonomous navigation system, which is based on a ring laser gyroscope. The crew of the artillery system Bhim consists of four people, but the high level of automation makes it possible to reduce it to two people, with work in automatic mode.

The Bhim howitzer is distinguished by its rapid deployment to a combat position; from a march, a self-propelled artillery unit can open fire 30 seconds after a stop. This feature makes the howitzer the perfect tool for a shoot-and-run strategy.

The maximum firing range when using ERFB-BB projectiles exceeded 40 kilometers, with a high accuracy of hitting the target. When using a special missile Denel V-LAP rocket range was 52 km. This system can shoot any standard NATO ammunition caliber 155 millimeters. Standard firing mode - 2 shot per minute. Maximum rate of fire - 8 shots per minute. The Bhim howitzer with six volleys of various trajectories is capable of covering the territory of 25 square. km

In 1998, fire tests of the prototype were started at the site in Pogran, after which sea trials were conducted in the Thar desert. It was planned that if the Bhim howitzer was adopted by the Indian army, T-6 towers would be purchased in South Africa in an amount that would be enough to equip several regiments with self-propelled guns, after which a license to manufacture the towers would be acquired. However, in 2005, Denel was accused of paying bribes. This was the main reason for the freezing of further work on Bhim.

Crew - 4 person.
Mass - 52-54 tons.
Length (with a tool in front) - 12,4 m.
Height - 3,1 m.
Width - 4,7 m.
The main weapon is the 155-mm howitzer, the barrel is 52 long cal.
Ammunition - 40-50 shells.
Additional weapons - 7,62-mm machine gun.
The maximum range of fire - 41-52 km.
Maximum rate of fire - 8 shots per minute.
Vertical guidance angles - from –5 to + 75 degrees.
Traverse range - 360 degrees.
Engine - diesel MTU 838 Ka-501 with power 400 hp
Maximum speed on the highway - 60 km / h.
Cruising on the highway - 450 km.

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  1. Krilion
    Krilion 24 December 2013 09: 11
    although the accordion, but on the topic ... who saw the Indian military - in the circus does not laugh ...

    1. M. Peter
      M. Peter 24 December 2013 18: 27
      So are they Swedes?
    2. Shur
      Shur 25 December 2013 00: 04
      Rhythmic gymnastics :) in the form of artillery ... Such a calculation, the sniper will not be felled until he bursts from the heart ..
      1. vladkavkaz
        vladkavkaz 5 January 2014 22: 16
        Mdya ... you will forgive me, in which troops, what was the last position held, what is it that you give out?
        In your opinion, this weapon is probably a squad-platoon link? Once you get them a sniper?
  2. avt
    avt 24 December 2013 10: 13
    Quote: Krilion
    .who saw the Indian military - in the circus does not laugh ...

    They probably do their tank to sit in the lotus position.
  3. datur
    datur 24 December 2013 10: 19
    who saw the Indian military - in the circus does not laugh ...
    They probably do their tank to sit in the lotus position .----- yes, no, they just have an aglitsky school !!!! yes wassat
    1. Prohor
      Prohor 24 December 2013 15: 27
      they have an aglitsky school !!!!
      Mk I - VI? lol
  4. Mahdi
    Mahdi 24 December 2013 11: 21
    kshatriyas ...)))
  5. hitech
    hitech 24 December 2013 12: 18
    Quote: Krilion
    although the accordion, but on the topic ... who saw the Indian military - in the circus does not laugh ...

    Thanks buddy laughing For a long time did not laugh! Their unit commanders turn out to be behind the line, and indeed just a wonderful video! And how do they bounce ... mmm ...
    1. vladkavkaz
      vladkavkaz 5 January 2014 22: 14
      Actually what are you laughing at?
      Yes, the Indians have strange drill techniques, but here’s what you can’t take away during the show: SOOTHNESS, the clarity of the actions.
      Yes, and a self-propelled gun .... not like ours, in which case the calculation will die at the gun trying to deploy it.
      Here it is worth looking at, not neighing ...
  6. Patton5
    Patton5 24 December 2013 12: 52
    Do not fig yourself can not do negative
    1. andrei332809
      andrei332809 24 December 2013 13: 02
      Quote: Patton5
      Do not fig yourself can not do

      well, this is understandable. the Britons kept them on the palm trees, then the USSR came and from the palm trees they were immediately behind computers ... so they do not have a design school that can turn a dream into iron. however, they had one woman who modified their truck for the "brahmos" launcher
      1. Patton5
        Patton5 24 December 2013 13: 16
        No, this is certainly exaggerated ... I remembered that they want to create an infantry fighting vehicle of "tomorrow", in fact they will again order someone else
        1. andrei332809
          andrei332809 24 December 2013 14: 30
          Quote: Patton5
          I certainly exaggerated it ...

          yes feel free repeat basically it is. they won’t give out a new idea, but they won’t finish the alien idea themselves. after all, these are not computer shooters
      2. Basarev
        Basarev 26 January 2014 20: 44
        Indians sold offal to NATO members. They even switched to NATO calibers.
  7. combat192
    combat192 24 December 2013 14: 31
    Dear! Do not confuse the warm with the soft, oh I'm sorry: window dressing and real combat work!
    Having served thirty calendars, I also laugh from our window dressings.
  8. USNik
    USNik 24 December 2013 15: 38
    Correct the typo at the end of the article:
    Engine - Diesel MTU 838 Ka-501 400 hp

    It is bad that there is no information on sighting devices and on the CIRCU of this gun mount. I would like to compare them with those on Msta-S.
  9. chunga-changa
    chunga-changa 24 December 2013 20: 12
    The desire not to depend on one supplier of weapons leads to eating a cactus. Here everyone is his own culinary.