Military Review

Compact machine CP3M

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Currently, the police and counter-terrorism units of various countries of the world have in their arsenal a huge number of weapons of destruction, including such typical army weapons as assault rifles and machine guns. In this case, the specific requirements for the police arms, suggest the presence of unusual and specific solutions. In Russia, specialized 9-mm small-sized automata, for example, 9А-91, developed by engineers of the famous Tula Instrument Design Bureau, are quite popular in the MVD system. There is nothing strange in this, since the Tula gunsmiths tried to make the machine gun as cheap as possible in production and simple. It is also worth mentioning the two Klimov developments - the Vortex automatic machines SRH and SR3M.


These small-sized machines were designed for special 9х39mm cartridges SP5 and SP6, as well as their counterparts 7Н9 and 7Н12. The SP5 and SP6 cartridges are intended for use in “silent” rifle complexes and combine a small (subsonic) initial flight speed of heavy bullets with sufficient stability at a distance of up to 400 meters. At such a distance, these bullets have sufficient stopping and penetrating effects. In addition, these cartridges have a rather low recoil momentum, and the bullets themselves are less prone to various ricochets, which allows designing small-sized, compact weapons that are convenient to use in populated areas, as well as in fairly cramped rooms. The use of armor-piercing ammunition allows you to confidently hit opponents in body armor 3-class protection at a distance of up to 200 meters.

Automatic machines CP3 and CP3М

At the end of the 80 of the last century, the state security bodies of the USSR, along with the standard samples of small arms, to implement various power actions required new compact automata that would ensure the confident defeat of enemy personnel, including those dressed in body armor. At the very beginning of the 90-s in TsNIITOCHMASH in the suburban town of Klimovsk, designers A. D. Borisov and V. N. Levchenko presented a version of a shortened automaton created on the basis of a special silent automaton of the AS “Val”. The new development was unified with the AU in principal detail and was intended for the use of 9-mm cartridges SP-5 and SP-6.

Compact machine CP3M

In the process of a rather long working out of new types of small arms, which received the symbol “small-sized automatic machine“ Whirlwind ”, the designers managed to create a reliable, easy-to-use and quite effective weapon for 1994. The machine gun designed in Klimovsk differed in very small sizes, which were comparable to machine pistols, but at the same time significantly exceeded them in firepower through the use of special 9x39mm SP-6 armor-piercing cartridges. The shape and small size of the machine made it possible to wear it covertly, it could be hidden under outerwear. The machine could safely be used in fairly limited spaces - basements, narrow corridors and aisles of buildings, in the cabin of vehicles, in underground passages.

After 1,5 years of trial operation in the FSB and other Russian law enforcement agencies, in 1996, a new small-sized machine gun, which received the CP3 Vortex index, was adopted by the Russian state security agencies. This type of weapon was mainly intended to be used as a weapon for secretive wearing of special forces by fighters who were engaged in the fight against organized crime, the protection of state activities, the fight against terrorism, and also as a potential self-defense weapon for military personnel.

However, after the adoption of the CP3 "Whirlwind" FSB handed over to TsNIITOCHMASH a new tactical and technical task, which suggested combining the best qualities of AS "Swirl" and SR3 "Whirlwind" and Air Force "Vintorez" in one small arms model. As a result, in Klimovsk they created a modification “Whirlwind”, which was designated CP3M. This small arms was the most unified with the BCC and AU and retained all the advantages of a compact machine.

CP3M

The small-sized 9-mm modernized CP3М is designed to destroy manpower, including in body armor (2-3 protection class), as well as defeat unarmored enemy equipment at a distance of 400 meters. The mechanisms of the CP3M compact machine are built on the application of the energy of powder gases, which are discharged from the bore into the gas chamber. Unlocking and locking the shutter is done by turning it around its longitudinal axis. This process is carried out in the interaction of the leading protrusions of the shutter and copy grooves of the bolt carrier.

The machine uses a firing-trigger mechanism (USM), which allows the shooter to fire both single shots and bursts. On the machine there is a safety device that protects the weapon and the shooter from accidental shots when the machine strikes, drops it, accidentally pulls the trigger. Protection against the production of premature shots with the unlocked shutter is implemented by self-timer. The supply of cartridges is made from double row detachable box stores on 20 and 30 cartridges, cartridges in stores are arranged in a “checkerboard” order.

The sighting device of the machine consists of a two-stage transition pillar, which allows aiming at 100 and 200 meters, as well as an adjustable front sight. At the same time on the machine there is a seat for the installation of optical or night sights. The use of such sights provides a fairly accurate aiming of the weapon at a target at a distance of up to 400 meters in the daytime and 300 meters at night.

CP3M

The CP3M is equipped with a metal folding butt, which allows it to be reduced in size when carried. At the same time, the design of the machine provides for aiming firing with both folded and folded butt. The weapon can be equipped with a removable silencer, which, if necessary, is able to reduce the sound and flame of a shot. Also, the machine has a folding front handle.

At present, the small-sized 9-mm automatic machine CP3М is serially produced by FSUE TsNIITOCHMASH. Its main differences from the CP3 model are as follows: the fuse is located on the right side in the same way as an automatic speaker; the cocking handle is rigidly mounted on the right side of the slide frame; the metal butt has a skeletal structure and is folded sideways, similarly to an automatic speaker; In the forearm CP3M there is an additional folding handle for better retention of the weapon; on the muzzle of the barrel there is a special coupling on which you can install a quick-release muffler; on the left side of the receiver there is a seat for mounting the bracket with night and telescopic sight. In addition, the CP3M can use 20-charging shops from the AU and CP3 machines, as well as a specially designed 30-charging shop for it.

The main characteristics of the CP3M:
Caliber - mm 9 (9x39-mm cartridges SP-5, SP-6).
The mass of the machine - 2,2 kg.
The mass of the machine with a magazine on 30 cartridges and a silencer - 3,2 kg.
The length of the machine with a folded butt, without a silencer - 410 mm.
The length of the machine with a silencer and a folded butt - 957 mm.
Barrel length - 156 mm.
The initial speed of the bullet - 295 m / s.
Used shops - on 20, 30 cartridges.
Sighting range of shooting - 400 / 200 m (with or without optics).

Information sources:
http://www.tsniitochmash.ru/category/стрелковое-вооружение
http://weapon.at.ua/load/321-1-0-817
http://www.tankovedia.ru/pulication/evolyuciya_policeiskogo_voorujeniya
http://world.guns.ru/assault/rus/cp-3-cp-3m-vortex-r.html
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  1. makarov
    makarov 12 December 2013 08: 45
    +1
    ".. In addition, these cartridges are characterized by a rather low recoil momentum, and the bullets themselves are less prone to various ricochets, which makes it possible to design a small-sized, compact weapon that is convenient to use in populated areas, as well as in fairly tight spaces ..."

    The author probably does not know that, in accordance with the requirements of the niocra, for military weapons and ammunition the presence of a rebound is a must ...
    1. Apollo
      Apollo 12 December 2013 08: 55
      +7
      Video footage in the subject
    2. Mairos
      Mairos 13 December 2013 09: 55
      +2
      For an ARMY weapon, a rebound is possible and not bad, and even that ...)) Why does the special forces (anti-terror) that works on premises need a rebound? Huh?
    3. asr55
      asr55 28 June 2019 03: 12
      0
      Yes of course ! In urban battle conditions, when stripping, threw a stun grenade and shoot at the ceiling to hit the enemy with a rebound. How are you? Special forces picks up weapons in accordance with the task. It's about that.
  2. Alexey M
    Alexey M 12 December 2013 09: 10
    +4
    A terrible weapon. Well in the 90s, the brothers did not appear, but maybe on the contrary, it could be worse, it would be calmer now.
  3. bullet
    bullet 12 December 2013 09: 16
    +6
    The author probably does not know that, in accordance with the requirements of the niocra, for military weapons and ammunition, the presence of a rebound is mandatory ...
    Rave...
    1. makarov
      makarov 12 December 2013 09: 48
      +1
      stupid conclusions require confirmation. I do not intend to argue with you in the style of "a fool is a fool himself", since you will not gain knowledge from this ... honor the design features of small arms ... maybe it will come to 30 days
    2. avt
      avt 12 December 2013 10: 01
      +1
      Quote: bullet
      Rave...

      What is nonsense? In the fact that TK was issued and the designer was carrying out it, weapons under a cartridge with a sleeve 39 but 9 mm caliber and subsonic speed were made where one of the main conditions was precisely the reduction in the probability of a rebound and the stopping effect of more than 9 mm pistol cartridge? If you know something sacred - share it, but you can write briefly - military secret.
    3. asr55
      asr55 28 June 2019 03: 15
      0
      One more. When cleaning rooms what ricochets.
  4. Chicot 1
    Chicot 1 12 December 2013 09: 23
    0
    Good stuff. But not cheap. And above all, because of the ammunition used in it ...
  5. bullet
    bullet 12 December 2013 10: 21
    +2
    Quote: avt
    Quote: bullet
    Rave...

    What is nonsense? In the fact that TK was issued and the designer was carrying out it, weapons under a cartridge with a sleeve 39 but 9 mm caliber and subsonic speed were made where one of the main conditions was precisely the reduction in the probability of a rebound and the stopping effect of more than 9 mm pistol cartridge? If you know something sacred - share it, but you can write briefly - military secret.

    Quote: makarov
    ".. In addition, these cartridges are characterized by a rather low recoil momentum, and the bullets themselves are less prone to various ricochets, which makes it possible to design a small-sized, compact weapon that is convenient to use in populated areas, as well as in fairly tight spaces ..."

    The author probably does not know that, in accordance with the requirements of the niocra, for military weapons and ammunition the presence of a rebound is a must ...

    Quote: avt
    Quote: bullet
    Rave...

    What is nonsense? In the fact that TK was issued and the designer was carrying out it, weapons under a cartridge with a sleeve 39 but 9 mm caliber and subsonic speed were made where one of the main conditions was precisely the reduction in the probability of a rebound and the stopping effect of more than 9 mm pistol cartridge? If you know something sacred - share it, but you can write briefly - military secret.

    Delirium - as a comrade writes, "the obligatory presence of a ricochet."
  6. Andrey Ulyanovsky
    Andrey Ulyanovsky 12 December 2013 10: 41
    -1
    Question - why is a silencer in the product, if a special cartridge is used? Is it even quieter than SRH? With this cartridge there really is gas in the barrel - there is a pushing piston!
    1. Kolovrat77
      Kolovrat77 12 December 2013 11: 05
      +2
      The classic cartridge cartridge — a heavy subsonic bullet — respectively, a muffler is needed for .... And I have a question, but it’s obvious I won’t write to you in one comment. No one has heard about rubber bullets under this cartridge. I what riot police would have come up with such cartridges.
      1. PSih2097
        PSih2097 12 December 2013 12: 49
        +3
        Quote: Kolovrat77
        I what riot police would have come up with such cartridges.

        riot police have such a cool thing:
        Carabiner KS - 23 (Special carbine 23mm)


        The KS-23M carbines have a separate plastic pistol grip and a detachable steel stock. On the muzzle of the carbine, special over-caliber mortars for throwing grenades with a caliber of 36 mm can be installed. ("Nozzle-6") or 82 mm. ("Nozzle-12")
        - 36 mm. "Bird cherry-6" pomegranate stuffed with CN irritant. It is fired from a muzzle mortar "Nozzle-6" with a blank cartridge. Maximum effective firing range up to 200 meters.
        - 82 mm. "Bird cherry-12" grenade of increased efficiency, stuffed with CN irritant. Used mainly in open areas. Shot from a muzzle mortar "Nozzle-12" with a blank cartridge. Maximum effective firing range up to 120 meters.

        The basic range of ammunition for the KS-23 carbine includes the following types of cartridges:
        - 23 mm. blank cartridge for throwing over-caliber grenades.
        - 23 mm. cartridge "Barricade" with a steel bullet designed to destroy "the main units of vehicles in order to stop", i.e. for shooting at engines and wheels.
        - 23 mm. cartridge "Volna-R" traumatic action with a rubber bullet. According to the instructions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the use of such cartridges at ranges of less than 40 meters is prohibited due to the possibility of causing serious injuries; the maximum effective firing range is about 70 meters.
        - 23 mm. cartridge "Bird cherry-7M" with a gas grenade stuffed with CN irritant. Maximum effective firing range up to 150 meters.
        - 23 mm. cartridge "Lilac-7" with a gas grenade stuffed with CS irritant. Maximum effective firing range up to 150 meters.
        - 23 mm. cartridge "Zvezda" with light-sound shock grenade.
        - 23 mm. cartridges "Shrapnel-10" and "Shrapnel-25" with buckshot; the number in the index indicates the maximum declared effective range.
        1. alex-cn
          alex-cn 12 December 2013 15: 13
          +1
          I saw a shot from a civilian CS "drake" - the shooter's face after him was a drake and resembled in color.
        2. Kolovrat77
          Kolovrat77 13 December 2013 04: 18
          0
          Thank you, I heard about this carbine and its ammunition. I was interested in exactly 9 * 39 with a rubber bullet. Does it make sense? if not, why? for ballistic, economic, moral and ethical reasons or whatever.
    2. asr55
      asr55 28 June 2019 03: 19
      0
      the piston between your legs should be in this weapon; gas locking in the barrel is not in the cartridge
  7. Andrey Ulyanovsky
    Andrey Ulyanovsky 12 December 2013 11: 23
    +2
    It was wrong. From 1 to 4 joint ventures inclusive with a stock, the rest "The cartridge of the classic scheme is a heavy subsonic bullet".
  8. PSih2097
    PSih2097 12 December 2013 12: 45
    0
    Sighting range of shooting - 400 / 200 m (with or without optics).

    This is if in ideal (greenhouse) conditions, the reality is 200 - 250/150 meters ...
  9. Leshka
    Leshka 12 December 2013 15: 05
    +1
    a good thing to our specialists just right good
  10. the47th
    the47th 12 December 2013 15: 06
    0
    Quote: PSih2097
    - 23 mm. cartridge "Volna-R" traumatic action with a rubber bullet. According to the instructions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the use of such cartridges at ranges of less than 40 meters is prohibited due to the possibility of causing serious injuries; the maximum effective firing range is about 70 meters.

    Too cool, in my opinion. Here is 18,5 KS-P - just right.
  11. uzer 13
    uzer 13 12 December 2013 18: 23
    +3
    You can still remember about the cartridge 7.62 \ 25 TT. You can’t find a cheaper cartridge, and the benefit from it can be great, besides there are stocks in warehouses. It is better to put them into business than to write off and spend money on disposal.
    1. the47th
      the47th 13 December 2013 09: 19
      +1
      And you can also equip the cartridge with an armor-piercing bullet, slightly increase the muzzle velocity - that's the ammunition for the "Russian PDSH" ready.
  12. bullet
    bullet 12 December 2013 20: 52
    +2
    Quote: makarov
    stupid conclusions require confirmation. I do not intend to argue with you in the style of "a fool is a fool himself", since you will not gain knowledge from this ... honor the design features of small arms ... maybe it will come to 30 days

    Ricochet refers to the phenomenon of reflection (bouncing) of a solid from the surface of an obstacle. This phenomenon has found application in artillery firing to obtain projectile air explosions in the presence of a percussion fuse. Ricochet firing is carried out on manpower and firearms located openly, in trenches (trenches) without overlapping, on the water and on the reverse slopes of the area.
    The angle of incidence at which the shells ricochet depends on
    the final velocity of the projectile, the shape of its head and the properties of the obstacle. Experience shows that modern shells when shooting on the ground at the angle of falling to 10 ○ ricochet all (100%); at incidence angles of about 20 ○ ricochet about 75 ... 80%.
    Under the influence bullets the goal is understood as the effect that it produces when it hits a given target (barrier) at the considered distance. With regard to weapons intended primarily for the destruction of enemy manpower (pistols, machine guns, carbines, light and machine guns), it is of great practical importance
    First of all, the lethal action of a bullet, which ensures the defeat of living targets due to a violation of the vital functions of the body.
    With respect to all types of small arms, the penetrating or penetrating action of a bullet is also significant, characterized by the thickness of the penetrated obstacle or the depth of its penetration into various obstacles at the considered ranges.
    For firing small arms, especially large caliber, usually a large range of special bullets is provided, so you have to consider such types of actions as high-explosive (explosive), incendiary, tracer and others.
    When choosing a ballistic solution for small arms, it is necessary to pay attention primarily to ensuring the mechanical, shock, i.e., the lethal and penetrative (penetrating) action of the bullet on targets. Other types of bullet action (tracer, incendiary, etc.) are provided on the basis of the chosen ballistic solution, subordinate to the shock action of the bullet and the persistence of its trajectory.
    As follows from the above, ricochet cannot be a prerequisite for the development of a weapon-ammunition complex, and in some cases it becomes a harmful phenomenon (especially when used in closed rooms).
    For example: in 2005 the State tests of submachine guns were carried out according to the Baksanets ROC. Along with the existing cartridges (7N21 and 7N31), a number of ammunition has been developed, including the 7N35 cartridge with a lead cored bullet to reduce ricocheting ability.
    So, in what requirements of a niocra, for military weapons and ammunition, is the presence of a rebound mandatory ???
    And if it doesn’t bother you, more specifics of the TTZ are such and such, the technical specifications for the ammunition, finally - a reference to at least some kind of textbook ....... Let me be stupid, I will increase my educational level .......
    1. asr55
      asr55 28 June 2019 03: 30
      0
      In confirmation of your words. In 2002, cartridges with a reduced bullet rebound ability were developed and adopted by the Russian Interior Ministry units. Army ammunition with a steel core bullet is unsuitable for police operations in the city, since a supersonic steel core bullet gives a large number of ricochets when hit in the walls of houses and other solid obstacles. Shooting army cartridges can lead to unwanted collateral casualties. In order to minimize ricochets, the cartridges for the Ministry of Internal Affairs are equipped with lead-core bullets similar in design or similar to sporting and hunting bullets. When a bullet with a lead core hits an obstacle, it crashes, quickly loses speed, and when destroyed, forms fewer fragments, which reduces the likelihood of unwanted rebounds and collateral damage.
      Since 2002, the cartridges were serially produced by the Barnaul Machine Tool Plant, earlier, in the 90s, the Amur Cartridge Plant supplied 5,45 mm caliber cartridges for the needs of the Ministry of Internal Affairs with a PS bullet with a bullet shell truncated at the apex. Cartridges "PRS" "BSZ" until 2008 had a commercial bottom brand. In 2008, a special bottom mark was adopted containing the letters "PRS". Cartridges "PRS" have a distinctive marking in the form of a purple varnish at the junction. An intermediate cartridge with a reduced rebound ability was called.
  13. georg737577
    georg737577 12 December 2013 23: 04
    0
    The terrorist’s dream ...