Military Review

China and India have divided the Moon and Mars

Once, the Americans watched in amazement as the USSR exploded into space, and could not understand how it happened that they were overtaken by a country that had recently been in ruins after a terrible war. 2013 is in the courtyard of the year, and China is sending a rocket into space with a moon rover on board, and India is launching a space probe designed to study the Martian surface. Against this background, Russians have feelings similar to Americans (60-year-old). And the jokes that a Chinese rocket was shot down over the territory of Russia: “The pilot was caught, but the fireman escaped,” became an anachronism.

Prospects for Asian space programs were discussed by the well-known Russian journalist Andrei Parshev, the author of the book “Why Russia is not America” and many others. According to him, first of all, such space programs of India and China are aimed at strengthening and increasing the prestige of states, because the practical benefits of such flights are not obvious, although they have certain benefits for the development of science. Information and materials from the surface of Mars and the Moon are likely to be of practical value to scientists.

At the same time, it is absolutely clear that those states that are able to conduct research on the planets of the solar system are at a very high level of development that is inaccessible to many countries. In this light, the prestige of our country is heavily beaten by the fact that our own Martian expedition Phobos-Grunt ended in failure. In case of success of the Chinese lunar rover, it can be stated that the prestige of the country was put at the forefront. It is obvious that the Chinese are unlikely to be able to find on the Moon something unusual and not yet known to science after the programs that were implemented by the USA and the USSR in the last century.

China and India have divided the Moon and Mars
Chinese lunar rover "Jade hare"

China announced the launch of a lunar rover, India launched a probe to Mars

The PRC announced the launch of the first in its own stories spacecraft to the natural satellite of our planet. If the spacecraft successfully runs on the Moon, China will become the 3-th country in the world that was able to take samples of the lunar soil. New Chinese milestone in space exploration coincided with another historical event. At the same time, India launched its own probe to explore the Red Planet. The growing competition between Delhi and Beijing could be the reason for the redistribution of the multi-billion dollar market for space services and technologies.

The spacecraft called “Chang'-3” with the “Yuytu” lunar rover (from the Chinese. - “The Jade Hare”) was launched from the Xichan cosmodrome, located in the Sichuan province, on the night of December 3. During 2 weeks, the moon rover must land on the lunar surface in the territory of the Rainbow Bay. The goal is to take samples of lunar soil there, as well as carry out mineral exploration and conduct a number of other scientific studies. The first lunar rover in the history of China was sent to space in 6 years after Beijing took its first step in exploring the moon: in 2007, the “Chang'-1” apparatus was launched into the moon's orbit, the main purpose of which was to photograph the lunar surface. The next logical step after sending the lunar rover is to send a Chinese astronaut to the moon. Experts believe that this may happen after the 2020 year.

The launch of the “Yuytu” moon rover allowed China to enter the top three countries (together with the USA and the USSR), which sent their aircraft to the Moon. Up to this point, the last lunar mission was the Soviet "Luna-24", which was carried out back in 1976 year. Still lagging behind in the space race from Russia and the United States, over the past 20 years, China has invested 20 billion dollars in space exploration, which allowed the country to make a real breakthrough by entering the world space race for the 3 space.

Long March II rocket at the Jiuquan cosmodrome

At the same time, the media report on the launch of the first Chinese lunar rover almost coincided with news about another ambitious space project being implemented in Asia. The space probe "Mangalyan", which was launched by India in early November 2013, is designed to conduct research on the Martian surface. This probe has already left Earth orbit and is on a flight path to Mars. Having crossed 680 million kilometers, the probe should reach the Martian orbit in September 2014.

If the Indian mission to Mars is a success, India will become the first country in Asia to join the international club of Mars researchers (currently the United States, Russia and ESA). It is noteworthy that Beijing also tried to implement a similar project in 2011, but it failed. Due to this, lagging behind the Middle Kingdom in the development of the space industry as a whole, India can get ahead of its competitor in such a large-scale project as the study of Mars.

As the interest in the implementation of new, rather ambitious projects from the United States, as well as Russia, decreases, the world space race is moving to Asia through the efforts of India and China. At the same time, as experts note, a surge of interest in the development of space is associated not only with the general development of the economies of these states, but also with the tasks of national prestige, of asserting their new global status in the world. So says Rajeshwari Rajagopalan - an expert of the Observer Research Foundation in Delhi.

Martian probe

According to Madame Rajagopalan, although there is no direct link between the “Mars mission” of India and the “lunar mission” of the PRC, both missions need to be viewed in the general context of the intensifying competition of 2's of the leading Asian countries, which increasingly affects the space industry. The result of this rivalry may be the possible future redistribution of the global market for space technologies and services, which is estimated at billions of dollars, in favor of the leading Asian countries. At the same time, the cost of the Martian project Delhi is estimated at 72 million dollars, which is 6-7 times less than the cost of similar projects NASA, said Rajagopalan. According to the expert, this may be an important factor that will contribute to the displacement of the global space race in the Asian region.

China's space program

The PRC space program officially begins in 1956. For 14 years with the help of the USSR, the necessary production was formed here. In 1970, China successfully launched its first satellite, Dongfang Hung-1, which added China to the number of space powers. At the same time, the development of a manned spacecraft is considered the most difficult task in the space program today. China became the 3 state in the world (after the USSR / Russia and the USA), having its own manned spacecraft.

October 15 2003 of the year Yang Liwei - the first in the history of China astronaut (taikonavt) - in less than a day made 14 orbits around our planet on a Chinese replica of the Russian spacecraft "Soyuz" (Shenzhou-5) and returned safely back to Earth on a descent module . By 2013, the 4 spaceport was built on the territory of the PRC, each of which has several launch sites.

To date, one of the most ambitious programs of the Middle Kingdom is the creation of a heavy launch vehicle of the “Great March 5” series, the program was launched in the 2001 year. Three-stage CZ-5 rockets with a length of more than 60 meters will be able to put up to 25 tons of payload into orbit. The first launch of the rocket is scheduled for 2014 year. Also from the year 2000 in the People's Republic of China, the national satellite navigation system Beidou / Compass (like GPS and GLONASS) is being developed. The system operates at a frequency of 1516 MHz. To complete the deployment of the space constellation of satellites is planned for the 2020 year. By the end of 2012, 16 satellites were already in orbit.

In parallel with this, Beijing is actively funding two more large-scale space projects. Thus, Tsinghua University and the Chinese Academy of Sciences are completing joint work on the creation of the HXMT Observatory - the Hard X-ray Modulation Telescope, which is planned to be put into orbit in 2014-2016. At the same time, work is underway to create a huge solar telescope (CGST), which will become the largest telescope created to conduct observations of the Sun in the optical and infrared range. The main purpose of his creation is to study the phenomena of the atmosphere of a celestial body and its high-resolution magnetic field. The estimated cost of building such a telescope is 90 million dollars. Start of work is scheduled for 2016 year. At the same time, China’s ambitions and funding for the space industry are growing annually. By 2020, China expects to build its own orbital station, and in the distant future - to carry out manned missions to the Moon and Mars.

Space Program of India

At present, India is the 6-i space power, which in the coming years may well press Japan and the EU in this race. Already, the country is able to independently launch communication satellites into geostationary orbit, has its own returnable spacecraft and automatic interplanetary stations (AMC), and is also engaged in concluding international agreements, providing its launch sites and launch vehicles. The plans of the Indian Space Agency (ISRO) - building its own rover. In parallel with this, the ambitious project of the space transport system called Avatar is being developed.

The Indian Space Agency, ISRO, was formed in 1969 in the process of absorbing the National Space Research Committee. The first satellite called "Aryabhata" Delhi launched with the help of the USSR in 1975 year. After another 5 years, the Rohini satellite was launched into Earth orbit using its own SLV-3 launch vehicle. Over time, two more types of launch vehicles were developed in India, which are used to bring satellites into geosynchronous and polar orbits. In 2008, India, using the PSLV-XL rocket, sent AMC Chandrayaan-1 to the moon. Exactly half of the 12 located on board the station of scientific instruments was created in ISRO

PSLV-XL rocket at the Indian cosmodrome on Sriharikot island

It is worth noting the fact that the space program of India is actively helping to implement supercomputers. With their help, the most successful engineering solutions are worked out, models and situations are modeled on them. Since 2012, India has used the SAGA supercomputer, which is the most powerful in the country and is among the first hundred of the most powerful supercomputers on the planet. It is based on Nvidia Tesla's 640 accelerators and is able to provide peak performance at the level of 394 teraflops. So India successfully participates not only in the space, but also in the supercomputer race. At the same time investing in these areas billions of dollars. Currently, India does not have its own manned space flight program, but by the year of 2016 ISRO is going to fix it.

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  1. Internal combustion engine
    Internal combustion engine 9 December 2013 08: 28
    That way, the Chinese will soon decide on us and the honorary title of space drivers.
    1. Greenwood
      Greenwood 9 December 2013 08: 45
      I'm not entirely sure that the title of "space cab" is honorable for a country that has recently launched interplanetary unmanned vehicles to the Moon, Mars, Venus, etc., sent Buran into orbit in a fully automatic mode and launched the first orbital station ...
    2. Siberian German
      Siberian German 9 December 2013 20: 30
      they’ll pick up - but it’s not offensive to me — it’s insulting that our space industry was mixed with shit and nobody is responsible for it
  2. smprofi
    smprofi 9 December 2013 08: 47
    But what about the orbital station of the Hunhus, not a word?

    1. clidon
      clidon 9 December 2013 13: 34
      In "Gravity" already seen enough of it. )
    2. dzvero
      dzvero 9 December 2013 22: 31
      the rope has not yet been pulled (from 0:28 to 0:41 the video is clearly visible) to roll the station. probably not sure what will not fall if not tied.
  3. Greenwood
    Greenwood 9 December 2013 08: 48
    Glad for the Indians, glad for the Chinese. I am sure that if it were not for the strong pressure from the United States, then Japan could more actively compete for the title of space power. But Russia, judging by the actions of officials, only knows how to talk about the fact that we will build it, and we will build it, but in fact we only saw the loot with a zero result. Skating for the headstock of space tourists and working as a taxi driver between the Earth and the ISS is not a reason for pride.
  4. AK-47
    AK-47 9 December 2013 09: 00
    It remains only to bitterly rejoice in the cosmic successes of the Chinese and Indians.
  5. Valery Neonov
    Valery Neonov 9 December 2013 09: 08
    Ours have not been on the moon since 1976 ("Luna24"), so there is nothing to do there yet.
    1. fennekRUS
      fennekRUS 9 December 2013 15: 55
      Ours have not been on the moon since 1976 ("Luna24"), so there is nothing to do there yet.nothing to share soon
      1. Starover_Z
        Starover_Z 9 December 2013 18: 07
        Officials cannot see the real dough from there - that is why ships do not fly there, and free engines made for future use go to the States for sluggish "green cabbage"!
  6. makarov
    makarov 9 December 2013 09: 41
    Somehow there was information about China’s exploration of the moon, and the creation of permanently operating stationary stations with people on board there. I don’t know how accurate infa is, maybe PR?
    1. smprofi
      smprofi 9 December 2013 13: 23
      Quote: makarov
      I do not know how accurate infa

      there was once a description of the space program of the Hunghuz, in English. something like that, if I understood correctly, it slipped
      in general, the former "smaller brothers" have far-reaching plans in space. and the saddest thing they will do ...
  7. FunkschNNX
    FunkschNNX 9 December 2013 09: 50
    It's not scary, the redhead in Oskolkovo will muddle the Warp engine and while the others are tormented by missiles, we will surf hyper-space wassat
    1. Setrac
      Setrac 9 December 2013 11: 54
      Quote: Фкенщь13
      It's not scary, the redhead in Oskolkovo will muddle the Warp engine and while the others are tormented by missiles, we will surf hyper-space

      Every joke has some truth. On chemical rocket engines, space cannot be mastered. Although warp, even ionic, even atomic, but the order of energies should be higher than from a chemical reaction.
    2. The comment was deleted.
  8. lotar
    lotar 9 December 2013 10: 03
    No matter how these countries try to succeed everywhere. One of the factors of the collapse of the USSR was precisely such a plan, projects where huge amounts of money were thrown away are not unreasonable. The United States, being the largest economy in the world, has not yet built lunar bases, and this says a lot. In my opinion, only in cooperation with the whole world will there be a real chance of conquering both the Moon and other space objects.
    1. I think so
      I think so 10 December 2013 18: 51
      On the contrary, the space program was one of the MAJOR factors of the UNITY of the country, and the main factor of the collapse is labeled rubbish at the head of state. And the silence and humility of the people.
  9. Dimy4
    Dimy4 9 December 2013 11: 04
    The fact that China launches its ships is a merit of Soviet scientists and engineers, since if it were not for the short-sighted policy of the Soviet leadership in providing all kinds of assistance to China, it would have invented an internal combustion engine. My opinion.
    1. smprofi
      smprofi 9 December 2013 13: 34
      Quote: Dimy4
      The fact that China launches its ships is a merit of Soviet scientists and engineers

      frankly, I really would not want to be rude, but sometimes you need to stick the pseudo-excellence deep away and read a little to improve education
      at least about comrade 钱学森 (Hsue-Shen Tsien), something like a Queen from the Middle Kingdom,

      was a colonel in the US Army. Yes, he was one of the founders of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory at the California Institute of Technology.

      thanks to the efforts of this cheerful uncle

      Hsue-Shen Tsien ceased to be a colonel and lord and went home

      1. smprofi
        smprofi 9 December 2013 13: 39
        where he was honored, loved and respected

        1. Dimy4
          Dimy4 10 December 2013 06: 58
          You need to shove this Chinese advertisement away and take a closer look at the technique, which is very similar to the Soviet one. All. Likely and S.P. The Queen and the Chinese type Queen (damn it too, copied) the same insight came.
  10. aszzz888
    aszzz888 9 December 2013 11: 28
    The goal is to take lunar soil samples there, as well as carry out mineral exploration and conduct a number of other scientific studies.

    The Chinese have already set up tents and packed them, to move their extra billions to the moon.
  11. pensioner
    pensioner 9 December 2013 12: 51
    China and India have divided the Moon and Mars
    Of course, it’s still a long way to go to full participation in the sharing ... But at such a pace we can generally not take part in it ... If the military and some applied programs are still somehow executed in half, then the scientific direction in cosmonautics barely warming ...
  12. abrakadabre
    abrakadabre 9 December 2013 13: 24
    In the photo of a Chinese man in a descent vehicle, his spacesuit looks suspiciously like Orlan. Or am I wrong?
    1. leon-iv
      leon-iv 9 December 2013 13: 30
      They are absolutely right. For the whole Chinese jerk into space is provided by KB Yuzhmash. And when they ended their Soviet achievements, the rapid growth of taikonavtik ended. Even the lunar program was abandoned.
      1. abrakadabre
        abrakadabre 10 December 2013 11: 29
        Regarding Orlan, there is little suspicion that this is not just a copy according to our documentation, but banal and purchased from our manufacturer winked
  13. w2000
    w2000 9 December 2013 13: 33
    At one time, the USSR greatly helped China and India in a technical breakthrough. It was thanks to the USSR that these states, from feudal formations, where rice was grown with the help of buffaloes and wooden hoes, turned into leading countries in the field of industrial production, created technically equipped armed forces, nuclear weapons and flew into space. Russia, through the efforts of the Gorbachev-Yeltsin-Putin "reformers", is returning to feudalism. In addition, in the east, they do not know gratitude, it is customary there to look into the mouth of the elder and disregard the interests of the younger. Now they treat Russia as a weak country, which will soon be able to put its feet on its head and dictate the conditions for the export of resources and the annexation of territories. Soon all the technological successes of our eastern neighbors will turn against us.
  14. anip
    anip 9 December 2013 16: 58
    Obviously, the Chinese are unlikely to be able to find on the moon something unusual and not yet known to science after the programs that were implemented by the USA and the USSR in the last century.

    If desired, the Chinese will be able to accurately check and prove whether there were still Americans on the moon or not.
    1. clidon
      clidon 9 December 2013 17: 05
      All the rest could not, can they? ) Everyone will remain with their opinions, regardless of what the Chinese say.

      And about the moon - I think there is not just a lot to explore, but very, very much.
  15. EdwardTich68
    EdwardTich68 9 December 2013 18: 32
    Most likely there will be a small breakthrough like ours and amers and then they will calculate, weep and all quietly
    will turn sour.
  16. My doctor
    My doctor 9 December 2013 18: 42
    and somehow they are delivering missiles not in Russian to the launch pad. Standing up
  17. Sirius-2
    Sirius-2 9 December 2013 18: 50
    Who knows: why do Chinese and Indian missiles stand without technology maintenance towers? At Baikonur, these towers are bred seconds before the launch of the rocket. And here the rockets are like a pencil stuck in the sand. Hurricane will not dump them?
  18. shvindin2012
    shvindin2012 9 December 2013 19: 01
    Most likely there will be a small breakthrough like ours and amers and then they will calculate, weep and all quietly
    will turn sour.

    In my opinion, the development of the aerospace industry is impossible without the privatization of astronautics, as is done in the United States by private companies SpaceX, Virgin Galactic, XCOR, for this is precisely what ensures the diversity and stable development of the space industry through healthy competition, and most importantly: PROFIT and payback space flight. And in terms of profitability, they have no equal to businessmen and industrialists, it is also an additional income to the state budget and the POPULATION of space as a profitable market, the development of which should be accessible to anyone with capital and opportunities. This is the main dream of science fiction writers: space, as our everything, and not the destiny of a separate group of military and scientists with their narrow list of goals for product realization.
  19. Sadikoff
    Sadikoff 9 December 2013 20: 52
    If you go to Space for scientific reasons, this is not a paramount task, the ocean is less studied than space. To produce technical innovations, processes, there is a defense industry for this. China, India have an inferiority complex and a lot of extra money. The USA is an unknown well since they have very well developed Holywood.
    If in terms of the search for extraterrestrial intelligence, then the cessation of Russian-American attempts to clambers on the moon suggests that the poor are poor but somehow communicate. God forbid, any other snowden will shed light on these state secrets.
    1. clidon
      clidon 9 December 2013 21: 54
      If science would study according to the principle "We do not take on the next until we have studied the previous", then we would still ride on steam cars ... Good steam cars. But steam. )
  20. saag
    saag 9 December 2013 21: 23
    Quote: Sadykoff
    If you go to space for scientific reasons, then this is not a paramount task

    A controversial statement, science is always the first to go into the new and the unknown, otherwise you can plunge into the most unpleasant history. In space, you can get what is impossible on earth due to gravity. I’m wondering when the atomic engine in space will at least be tested, if it’s successful, it will be a huge step, it’s the energy that is holding back man’s expansion into space, and so will the Rainbow Bay SPA hotel on the Moon, and the lounge Dark Matter bar and safari in the Mariner Valley
  21. studentmati
    studentmati 9 December 2013 22: 25
    It’s always easier to go along the track.
    Or ... Speaking of sports: "Race for the leader." It is much easier to catch up and overtake than to lead the roster.
  22. Lexsir
    Lexsir 10 December 2013 01: 10
    who is on Mars, who is on the moon, and we are on Nibiru with Igor Prokopenko.
  23. twister
    twister 10 December 2013 11: 53
    That's right ... let them go to the lunar-tuna and Marsatown ... otherwise they’ll all go to the Far East .... smile
  24. Justme
    Justme 10 December 2013 20: 26
    I returned to the space industry in 2007.
    I was given a project for support on the subject of "Revival" MIF-2.
    The feeling from him was just wild.
    The scheme of the project itself can be easily printed on one sheet of paper .. But! In this sheet of paper I found 2.5 error sheets ..
    I told my boss - The project must be redone ...
    He turned his nose - You know, the money has already been eaten, what remains - this is your finish line ...
    I explained the situation to the head of the department ..
    And they repeated everything to me there word for word ..

    What to do here? The initial statement of the project and the TOR are initially idiotic ..
    Implementation - only d * beat can think so unconventionally and unprofessionally.
    What could I do - I did, improved everything if possible - but for myself I practiced assembler, DSP processing, Fourier transforms ..
    And the result? - I synthesized falsified results in MATHCAD and we submitted a report ..
    And they told me - at last you understood, it had to be done earlier.

    And if you take a closer look at the subject of "Renaissance" - this is money that went to feed the elderly idiots, without requiring any real return from them.
    This is in vain !!!

    I spent quite a lot of time in the space industry in the 80s and 90s.
    There have always been talented people and kings and their servants ..
    And to feed those who cannot competently create space technology is to give them a head start in their hidden and not so hidden conflicts with competent specialists.
    If the 80s were remembered by the parties for the leadership, now it’s their involvement in sharing the dough ..
    As a familiar nach-lab said - Specialists are not allowed there ..

    I currently work in a private company.
    There is a wild contrast in personal productivity, in the quality of the results, and in respect
    leadership - they appreciate the intellectual special forces ..

    Currently, the state allocates unmeasured money to the space industry.
    And for this money it is necessary to demand the corresponding results. Any whining about complexity - no need to listen ..
  25. Kowalsky
    Kowalsky 15 December 2013 16: 48
    Meanwhile, the rabbit lurked, and I congratulate the Chinese comrades on this. No matter how it started to multiply there ...)