Currently, a massive modernization of these ships is being considered. According to an already concluded state contract, Zvyozdochka should perform in the interests of fleet modernization of 2 boats of the series - the Leopard and Wolf head boats. At the same time, the Leopard submarine is planned to be handed over to the fleet at the end of 2014. It is reported that the modernization of ships will be large-scale, in fact, until the new project 971M. The press service of the Zvyozdochka ship repair plant noted that this is the first time that such an amount of modernization work has to be completed stories modern Russia. Modernization of the boats will affect almost all of their main systems - hydro-acoustics, navigation, weapon systems, turbines, the main power plant. At the same time, the shipyard in Severodvinsk will modernize not only the Northern Fleet submarines, but also boats based in the Pacific Ocean.
The multipurpose plan from the Northern Fleet K-328 "Leopard" arrived at the Zvezdochka Shipyard in the end of 2011. In May last year, the ship was placed in a shed, and intensive work began on dismantling the equipment being replaced. As the responsible ship deliverer Nikolay Yasny said, 2 shifts are working daily for this order - about 200 workers. Boat "Leopard" should open the cycle of modernization of multi-purpose submarines on the project 971M. At the same time, Zvezdochka will directly deal with the recovery of 15% of equipment, the remaining work on the project should be performed by system manufacturers. The company believes that this is probably one of the bottlenecks in the entire project. Until now, the company's specialists do not have a complete set of working design documentation, which the designer had to provide the shipyard in a timely manner.
Pla “Leopard” is a boat of 971 “Pike-B” project (according to NATO codification “Shark-2”). The design of the boat was developed in St. Petersburg by the marine engineering design bureau Malakhit. The submarine was built at the Sevmash shipyard in Severodvinsk, commissioned in December 1992. The submarines of this project were built in Severodvinsk and Komsomolsk-on-Amur. The last submarine of this series was built at the Far Eastern shipyard and was transferred to the Russian Navy in 2009 year. Later, the boat was rented to India for 10 years. In total, 15 nuclear submarines of this project were launched, of which 12 are still in the Navy - according to 6 in the Northern and Pacific Fleets.
The lead ship of the project, the Shark, was withdrawn from the fleet in 2002. And the first boat built in Severodvinsk - “Bars” - was utilized on the “Zvezdochka” in 2010. At the moment, the submarines of this series are considered the most modern multi-purpose (do not carry ballistic missiles) PL of the Russian fleet and the most quiet of the Russian submarines. The boats have a displacement of 12 770 tons, the length of the order of 110 meters, the maximum submerged speed - 33 node (about 61 km / h), the maximum depth of the dive - 600 meters, the crew of the boat - 73 person. In service of the 971 project are cruise missiles RK-55 “Granat”, rocket-torpedoes and ordinary torpedoes. After upgrading, these boats, along with the 4 generation submarines under construction - the 885 project plan, should form the basis of Russian general-purpose naval forces for at least the next 10 years.
Disruption of the defense order for the repair of boats project 971
The Severodvinsk shipyard Zvezdochka will start upgrading the K-391 Bratsk and K-295 Samara 971 Shchuka-B project in July-August 2014, the Central Naval Portal reports. The company will pass the average repair of boats, as well as their deep modernization. In Severodvinsk, boats will arrive along the Northern Sea Route, the shortest distance connecting the Far East with the European part of the country.
Initially, the submarines "Bratsk" and "Samara" were planned to be repaired in the Northeast Repair Center (SVRTS) located on Kamchatka in Vilyuchinsk, but after visiting the enterprise of the Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu in March 2013, the modernization of the submarines was decided to transfer to another performer. The reason for this decision was the delay in repair work, for which, starting from 2008, the Ministry of Defense of Russia spent more than 250 million rubles. According to the original schedule, sea trials of the Bratsk submarine were planned to begin in December 2012 of the year, but by March of the year 2013 in Vilyuchinsk only the inventory of works was completed. Pla "Bratsk" was introduced into the military of the Navy in 1989-m, and "Samara" in 1995 year.
At the same time with the disruption of the defense order is not so simple. Currently online materials can be found on arbitration cases for this contract. The failure to perform the work was mainly due to inconsistencies even at the stage of signing agreements, which may indicate bureaucratic delays and low qualifications of people involved in the execution of such contracts. The repair work on the Bratsk plate was not possible to be completed in due time due to the fact that the RF Ministry of Defense began to sue the contractor, filed a half-billion lawsuit against the SVRTS (157,7 million rubles - payment for using the advance, 352,7 million rubles - penalty).
During the consideration of this case in the arbitration court, it was found that the CRRC was physically unable to complete the work on the contract for the reasons: 1) the uncertainty of the actual amount of work performed (!). For example, as early as August, 2011 sent a letter to the Russian Defense Ministry asking for the determination of a specific amount of work for 2012 a year, the military department refused to sign an additional agreement; 2) of the reciprocal failure of the customer to complete the order with all necessary equipment and consumables: in February 2011, the CRRC requested to complete the 13 order with equipment, but in March of the same year only the 1 equipment was actually received, and the decision to transfer the requested property was made only in November 2011; 3) the lack of part of the equipment to be repaired on board the ship due to its dismantling by personnel (!!) even before the ship was put in for repair for use on other planes of this project. For example, the delay in the fulfillment of obligations by the Customer to complete the product ICG-540 lasted more than 1,5 of the year - from February 2011 to September 2012 of the year.
In this regard, the Moscow Arbitration Court rightly refused to the military department to satisfy the claims. However, as we already know, the contract for the repair of the plate "Bratsk" was eventually transferred to another Russian enterprise.
How the situation will evolve in Severodvinsk, time will tell. One can only hope that this time the repair and modernization of the ship will really take place. Although concerns about the timing of the contract is now. As it was written above, at the Zvezdochka Shipyard already referred to the lack of a complete set of project documentation, which the shipyard did not receive in a timely manner.
I want to finish the lyrical digression. Not so long ago, on the Internet, I came across an interview with the leader of the Splin group, Alexander Vasilyev, who was asked to answer the question of what he thinks about the situation in our country. The musician quite figuratively compared Russia with a separate saucepan on a separate stove. According to him, in Russia everything is somehow distorted, as if we live separately from the rest of the world and are separated from it by some kind of invisible prism. “To live in Russia is by and large scary, for the very reason that common sense is distorted here,” the musician said. Looking at the situation with the defense order to repair the plate "Bratsk" at the RCRC, you begin to believe in the presence of this very prism.