Military Review

Ship defense complex 3K96 "Redut"

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The 3K96 Redut ship complex, also known as Polyment Redut, is a new Russian sea-based air defense missile system that favorably differs by the presence of a vertical missile launch system. This complex is designed to equip ships of the classes of the patrol ship (TFR), frigate and destroyer. The complex will be installed on all ships of the new generation of the Russian Navy. Work on the creation of the complex is carried out GSKB concern defense "Almaz-Antey." The Redut complex in its capabilities, and in part in the composition of the air defense system, will be maximally unified with the air defense system Vityaz. The first stage of the preliminary complex tests of the air defense missile system was completed in 2009 year.


In 2012, the Russian media wrote that the complex was entering the final stage of testing - launches from a regular carrier at sea. It was planned to complete the tests before the end of 2012, but this was not possible. During the briefing, which took place as part of the MAKS-2013 air show, the general director of the Almaz-Antey Air Defense Concern noted that the tests of the new air defense system were interrupted in 2012 due to the fire at the Submarine CMS (20380 project). This year, the ship after the end of the repair arrived to resume tests of the air defense system. He also said that on the main frigate of the 22350 “Admiral Gorshkov” project, the “Reduce” tests will begin no earlier than 2014 of the year, as the ship is ready. At the same time, the 9М96, 9М96Д and 9М100 missiles are ready for testing.

The Redut radar system includes the Polyment radar, which has phased array antenna 4. Each antenna post FAR is able to simultaneously accompany 4 air targets and direct anti-aircraft missiles at them, the maximum number of simultaneously fired targets is 16. The “Redut” air defense missile system is able to interact with the ZRAK and ZAK of a warship to achieve the goals that have broken through at the minimum distance.

Ship defense complex 3K96 "Redut"

The complex’s missiles are housed in vertical launch installations (WUPs), which consist of 4 or 8 cells each. Each cell contains the 1 transport and launch container (TLC) with a long or medium range missile (9М96Е, 9М96Е2), and also 4 short range missiles (9М100). When launching missiles, the so-called “cold” launch is used, the missile's main engine is activated after the “mortar” launch. The rocket is ejected from a vertically mounted TLC using a charge of compressed air to a height of 30 meters, and then turns to the target using the existing gas-dynamic system. Thanks to this solution, it was significantly possible to reduce the minimum target interception distance. The use of the gas-dynamic system provides the super-maneuverability regime for the anti-aircraft missile, it can increase the ZUR loading by 0,025g in 20 seconds. The fire rate of the complex is 1 rocket per second.

Inertial command guidance is used for the 9М96Е, 9М96Е2 SAMs on the cruise trajectory, and active radar homing is used on the final flight trajectory. The short-range anti-aircraft missile 9М100 received an infrared homing head. It seizes the target immediately after the launch of the rocket. According to computer simulation and field tests, the 9М96Е and 9М96Е2 anti-aircraft missiles are able to guarantee a direct hit on the head of a tactical missile with a probability of 0,7, in the remaining 30% of cases the deviation from the target will not exceed a few meters. The probability of hitting the helicopter is 0,9, and the aircraft is 0,8. The warhead of the rocket has a mass of 24 kg., Due to the use of multipoint initiation, it has a controlled lesion field.


Carrier ships

LAW 3K96 should be the main means of defense for the TFR project 20380, starting with the 2-series ship. The complex will be mounted in the bow of the superstructure of the ship in front of the bridge, instead of the Kortik-M SIGN. Here, the 3 module of the HVP ADR “Redut” module will be installed with 4 cells in each (total 12 cells). Thus, the TFR ammunition will make 12 9М96Е or 48 9М100 missiles, or their various combinations within the total capacity of the vertical launch installations.

On the modernized TFR of the 20385 project, the Redut air defense missile system was transferred from the bow of the ship to the stern (in their place was installed the air defense system of the UBCS shooting complex). On the ship there will be 4 module with 4 cells in each (total 16 cells). They are installed side by side between the helipad and the hangar. The ammunition will be 16 9М96Е or 64 9М100 missiles, or various combinations within the total capacity of the vertical launch installations.

Also, these air defense complexes will receive new Russian frigates of the 22350 project, the complex will be located in the bow of the ship in front of the navigating bridge, the ship will have the 4 module for 8 cells in each (total 32 cells). Thus, the frigate’s ammunition will be up to 32 9М96Е or 128 9М100 missiles, as well as their various combinations within the overall capacity of the vertical launch installations.


In addition, the new Russian Caliber and Poliment-Redut complexes will have to receive the Admiral Nakhimov heavy nuclear missile cruiser (TARKR). As a result of modernization, the cruiser will become a full-fledged multi-purpose ship capable of delivering attacks not only on surface and underwater targets, but also on coastal targets. The contract for the modernization of the ship was signed on June 13, 2013; before that, starting in 1999, the ship was moored at the pier of the shipyard. According to Sergei Marichev, deputy general director of the Severodvinsk shipyard, the amount of work on the cruiser will be comparable to the work on modernization and repair of the Vikramaditya aircraft carrier for the Indian Navy. After modernization, “Admiral Nakhimov” should become the most modern nuclear cruiser in the Russian Navy. In combat fleet the ship will enter in 2018.

Information sources:
—Http: //militaryrussia.ru/blog/topic-13.html
—Http: //blackseafleet-21.com/news/20-06-2013_krejser-admiral-nahimov-stanet-mnogotselevym-udarnym-korablem
—Http: //ru.wikipedia.org
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  1. Apollo
    Apollo 22 October 2013 08: 33
    +9
    quote-In addition, the new Russian systems Caliber and Polement-Redoubt will have to receive the Admiral Nakhimov heavy nuclear missile cruiser (TARK).

    video including about complexes caliber.


    quote-In 2012, the Russian media wrote that the complex is entering the final stage of testing - launches from a standard carrier at sea. It was planned to complete the tests before the end of the 2012 year, but this was not possible. During the briefing, which took place as part of the MAKS-2013 air show, the general director of the Almaz-Antey air defense group noted that the tests of the new air defense system were interrupted in the 2012 year due to a fire on the corvette "Clever" (project 20380).
    1. Greyfox
      Greyfox 22 October 2013 09: 15
      +1
      I get the impression that on a small ship of the "corvette" type (20380/20385)
      trying to cram something unpushy. On the forums and in publications, critical reviews about this project slip through. In this case, the living conditions of the crew are sacrificed. "Guardian" has already received the nickname "Ringworm" after ringworm spread among the crew. Probably it is worth thinking about how and why they are going to use it and whether it is worthwhile to install the frigate (or even a destroyer) armament on a small patrol boat for this.
      1. avt
        avt 22 October 2013 09: 55
        +3
        Quote: Greyfox
        I get the impression that on a small ship of the "corvette" type (20380/20385)

        request Well, this is the old directive of the imperial and Soviet navies, plus Rogozin's latest statement on this topic - to cram the unpushable into small forms and, accordingly, tonnage. The drowned "Gangut" is a monument to this.
      2. spravochnik
        spravochnik 25 October 2013 16: 52
        +1
        As far as I follow the forums, he was criticized just for very frail weapons. On Soviet ships of the appropriate displacement, it was more powerful.
        1. Su24
          Su24 22 June 2015 17: 54
          0
          Well, the nomenclature of weapons is just not enough for a 2000-ton ship. Cannot use 48N6 missiles, and 9M96 missiles are clearly not enough. If each cell included 4 long-range missiles, it would be a different matter.
  2. indiggo
    indiggo 22 October 2013 09: 24
    +6
    I probably will agree with you, but with a reservation, in my opinion the solution would be 1 full-fledged universal launcher. It's my personal opinion. I am not a specialist))
    1. spravochnik
      spravochnik 25 October 2013 16: 57
      +3
      The fact that 20385 has 3 UVPs and they are scattered around the ship is a big plus, there is less chance of being destroyed with one hit. In this regard, the "Gorshkov" is of great concern - almost all weapons are concentrated in the bow.
  3. Nayhas
    Nayhas 22 October 2013 09: 51
    +5
    "Redoubt" turned into a headache for the Navy, the story with "Kortik" is repeated only in the worst form, because 9M96 looks like a "dead" rocket, when it learns to fly it is not clear whether it will learn at all ...
    1. Russ69
      Russ69 22 October 2013 10: 25
      +2
      Quote: Nayhas
      since 9M96 looks like a "dead" rocket, when it learns to fly it is not clear whether it will learn at all.

      It is necessary to wait for the tests. The manufacturer, in the summer, vowed that the rocket was brought to mind and confident in the tests ...
      1. scientist
        scientist 22 October 2013 17: 36
        +2
        The missile has long been adopted by the air defense, on the S-400. The probability of hitting targets is quite acceptable. As far as I know, in the late 90s there were some problems with the warhead of the rocket due to the fact that production was in Ukraine. Then, Russian production was established, but a problem arose associated with the destruction of the corps of combat units of ICBMs. The Americans, for example, solved this problem by directly delivering missile defense to the warhead. Kinetic energy when meeting 2 pieces of iron, one of which flies at a speed of 7 km / s, and the second 2 km / s is more than enough that any armored warhead of the ICBM would instantly turn into dust. But a complex combined guidance system was needed on the missile defense itself. Previously, our 51T6 missile defense used nuclear warheads. They decided to use the usual one on new missiles. But the fragments and directed detonation only rejected the warhead of ICBMs, and it was necessary to destroy it. This was the main problem, for the solution of which a gas-dynamic control and a combined guidance system were used to directly hit the target. But they still left the warhead, our designers like to do more and more explosively.
    2. cdrt
      cdrt 22 October 2013 15: 17
      +2
      Quote: Nayhas
      "Redoubt" turned into a headache for the Navy, the story with "Kortik" is repeated only in the worst form, because 9M96 looks like a "dead" rocket, when it learns to fly it is not clear whether it will learn at all ...


      Well, Vityaz, it seems everyone is happy, but there the same rocket.
      From the well-known about Poliment-Redoubt (especially on 20380) problems with the radar, with the concept of a variant of the SAM system truncated for the corvette
  4. Airman
    Airman 22 October 2013 10: 00
    +6
    If the ship does not have air defense weapons, then the use of any other weapon may be questionable, since such a ship is an excellent target, unless it goes in order with other ships. Therefore, the purpose of the ship determines its filling. And the Redut complex makes it possible to significantly strengthen the ship's air defense in comparison with the Kortik-M.
  5. UVB
    UVB 22 October 2013 11: 58
    +3
    The rate of fire of the complex is 1 missile per second.
    Impressive! "
  6. The comment was deleted.
  7. Fotoceva62
    Fotoceva62 22 October 2013 12: 39
    17
    Quote: Greyfox
    I get the impression that on a small ship of the "corvette" type (20380/20385)
    trying to cram something unpushy. In this case, the living conditions of the crew are sacrificed. "Guardian" has already received the nickname "Ringworm" after ringworm spread among the crew. Probably it is worth thinking about how and for what it is going to be used and whether it is worthwhile to install the frigate (or even a destroyer) armament on a small patrol boat.

    Regarding habitability, it is necessary to wash. I myself served at the EM "Perfect" pr. 30 bis with bunks in three tiers and 30-50 people in the cockpit, and we had no such problems. Or take Pr. 1124, full of weapons and equipment for maximum, however, for the crew, habitability was provided with a decent compartment and they could refuse tanking. The armament will not go anywhere, you might think that everything flies at once from the Amers. The warship is a complex technical complex that is being built in the future for 15-20 years of active service and for certain tasks that are developed by the customer and this customer should not be considered a fool.
    1. Greyfox
      Greyfox 22 October 2013 14: 43
      0
      Yes, yes, the sailors of the "Shearing", of course, do not know what to do, they have to wash themselves in the mornings and evenings ... How to wash? I myself served on a "steam boat", where there was a minimum of fresh water and an inoperative desalination plant, and it was so inoperative that even the factory specialists could not repair it. And since I was at the "frontier", even if I worked, it would be closer than 12 miles from the shore it was impossible to turn it on according to the instructions. Do not let the outboard through the heaters, so we washed and washed with sea water. Especially pleasant in cold weather. Fresh only for the galley and drink. And here we are talking about the specific shortcomings of the specific project 20380/20385. Pushing in a fucking amount of weapons, you will naturally squeeze other volumes - water, fuel, cockpits. The ship is not rubber.
      1. avt
        avt 22 October 2013 16: 08
        0
        Quote: Greyfox
        .And here we are talking about the specific shortcomings of a specific project 20380/20385. By pushing a fucking amount of weapons, you will naturally squeeze other volumes — water, fuel, cubes. The ship is not rubber.

        Actually, in spite of the fact that the ship turned out to be beautiful, 2000t is not enough. The point is to build such ships? Not a candle to God, not a damn poker, you only hear the question about the limited range and seaworthiness when using them, the answer about "specific" tasks. You could easily build extra 11356 on Yantar with this money, a normal project of a universal ship, a logical continuation and mastered production, in contrast to 22350, by the way, and returned to it. Well, in the end we will get a "service" from different "small dishes".
        1. Greyfox
          Greyfox 22 October 2013 21: 13
          +1
          I see that the minuses are thrown, but my opinion of literacy and vocabulary is not enough to express? Or all sailors and shipbuilders?
  8. cdrt
    cdrt 22 October 2013 15: 15
    0
    Quote: Greyfox
    I get the impression that on a small ship of the "corvette" type (20380/20385)
    trying to cram something unpushy. On the forums and in publications, critical reviews about this project slip through. In this case, the living conditions of the crew are sacrificed. "Guardian" has already received the nickname "Ringworm" after ringworm spread among the crew. Probably it is worth thinking about how and why they are going to use it and whether it is worthwhile to install the frigate (or even a destroyer) armament on a small patrol boat for this.


    And the result of this is overload, as a result of which there are big problems with stability, seaworthiness, which are written about on the forums ...
    Again the ship was rearmed.
  9. melman
    melman 22 October 2013 15: 54
    +1
    Explain, please, the meaning of "calm", if it is put on the same types of kings. "Calm" is an improved version of the "hurricane", that is, the sea version of the "beech". If I understand correctly, the "redoubt" is a cover for groups and formations, a "calm" for self-defense? Or is it the same thing, only better?
    1. Andrei from Chelyabinsk
      Andrei from Chelyabinsk 22 October 2013 16: 43
      +3
      Quote: melman
      Please explain the meaning of "calm"

      The meaning of "calm" is one thing - this is a completely reliable system that works. Although it is based on technologies and concepts of yesterday. And "Redoubt", which is potentially capable of covering the "calm" like a bull or a sheep, is not working for the time being.
      There are all sorts of opinions about it, including polar ones - and that "it will never work, the design team got up, the shop was sold out, one sign remained" until "literally tomorrow, the delivery of state emergency services" ... Recently I heard from very competent people that it seems how Polyment-redoubt will still finish, and soon
  10. scientist
    scientist 22 October 2013 16: 39
    0
    Kato saw the video, intercessions on duty of a Chinese missile boat. So there, more than a hundred Chinese people managed to get into this boat from the berth within a few minutes, but also set sail. In my opinion, even if they are placed there in piles, then there will not be enough space. Ofigel.
  11. bddrus
    bddrus 22 October 2013 16: 44
    +3
    Is there at 20380 HEADLIGHTS? and what is the difference between Calm from Redoubt? different missiles, range or what?
    1. Andrei from Chelyabinsk
      Andrei from Chelyabinsk 22 October 2013 16: 49
      +6
      Quote: bddrus
      Is there a headlamp on 20380?

      There, the "redoubt" air defense missile system receives the control center from the standard radar of the project 20380 - "Furke". It turns out, according to rumors, bad.
      Quote: bddrus
      and what is the difference between Calm from Redoubt? different missiles, range or what?

      Yes, everyone is different. And missiles, and the principle of guidance (in the style of the SAM with semi-active GOS) and range ... This is a completely different complexes
      1. bddrus
        bddrus 22 October 2013 18: 46
        +1
        and so then probably on 20380 not Polyment Redoubt, but just Redoubt?
        About Calm-1M (sort of) I ask that he, too, like a novice like they want to put on 11356, instead of beam Calm
        1. patsantre
          patsantre 23 October 2013 00: 53
          +2
          Polement is a radar station, a redoubt is an air defense missile system. It was just that the diplomats divorced.
        2. Andrei from Chelyabinsk
          Andrei from Chelyabinsk 23 October 2013 10: 16
          +2
          Quote: bddrus
          and so then probably on 20380 not Polyment Redoubt, but just Redoubt?

          Quite right. How is it? On Redoubt there is a SAM with an active seeker, so a special target illumination radar is not needed. We need a general-purpose radar, which will correct the flight of the missile defense system on the marching segment, until the missile reaches a distance where its AGSN is able to "see" the enemy aircraft. For this, it seems, a lot of intelligence is not needed - you need a radar that will see the missile defense system throughout its flight and a computer that can calculate the missile route correction depending on the target maneuvers, and a transmitter that will "tell" the missile defense system the required change. But in practice, it seems that the Furka is rather weak, it sees the missile badly, and accordingly it is impossible to correct its flight.
          And all because, as it was written in one minibus, you don’t need to shove the inedible - a corvette is a small coyablik, you do not need to make a missile cruiser out of it.
          And polyment is a radar, which was originally designed to interact with the Redoubt air defense system. Therefore, their complex is called "Polyment-Redoubt", although both Polyment and Redoubt can exist separately from each other
    2. spravochnik
      spravochnik 25 October 2013 17: 09
      +2
      At 20385 Radar Poliment will already be standing. On the mast on three sides. And everything pushes nicely. Although, the displacement will probably increase somewhat. We will see when they build it.
  12. fatalist
    fatalist 22 October 2013 17: 12
    +3
    Tell me, do I understand correctly that the Redoubt cells are intended only for anti-aircraft missiles, and for anti-ship missiles cells of a different type?

    For Americans, if I understand the universal cells correctly, they are for harpoons and axes and for air defense.
    1. Andrei from Chelyabinsk
      Andrei from Chelyabinsk 22 October 2013 17: 22
      +6
      Quote: fatalist
      Tell me, do I understand correctly that the Redoubt cells are intended only for anti-aircraft missiles, and for anti-ship missiles cells of a different type?

      Correctly
      Quote: fatalist
      For Americans, if I understand universal cells correctly, they are for harpoons and axes and for air defense

      Wrong :))) More precisely - not quite right. Ax, air defense and ASROK - yes, but a harpoon - no
      1. fatalist
        fatalist 23 October 2013 18: 52
        +3
        Can someone tell me why we have for air defense cells that are not compatible with cells for other missiles.

        Is it so historical or does it make any sense?
        1. Andrei from Chelyabinsk
          Andrei from Chelyabinsk 24 October 2013 08: 13
          +4
          Quote: fatalist
          Is it so historical or does it make any sense?

          Yes, how to say ... Generally speaking, it has so historically developed, missiles were issued alone, anti-ship missiles - others ... But here it is not so simple. Versatility - a double-edged sword. On the one hand, it’s very cool to change ammunition depending on the task. On the other ... the cell takes up space and has weight. You’ll make the cell small - then RCC and other CRs will have to do no more than the cell (as the Americans now) i.e. trim TTX. If you make the cells too large, you reduce your own ammunition.
          American UVP if memory serves me right (and if it does, I wonder with whom?) It can carry missiles up to 1,5 tons. And we have - Caliber up to 2,3 tons. Onyx - and all 3 tons. So the question is divine.
          It may nevertheless make sense to divide the cells for missiles (the whole nomenclature) and missile defense (as well as missile defense, plur)
  13. Fotoceva62
    Fotoceva62 22 October 2013 18: 37
    +4
    Quote: Greyfox
    Yes, yes, the sailors of the "Shearing", of course, do not know what to do, they have to wash themselves in the mornings and evenings ... How to wash? I myself served on a "steam boat", where there was a minimum of fresh water and an inoperative desalination plant, and it was so inoperative that even the factory specialists could not repair it. And since I was at the "frontier", even if I worked, it would be closer than 12 miles from the shore it was impossible to turn it on according to the instructions. Do not let the outboard through the heaters, so we washed and washed with sea water. Especially pleasant in cold weather. Fresh only for the galley and drink. And here we are talking about the specific shortcomings of the specific project 20380/20385. Pushing in a fucking amount of weapons, you will naturally squeeze other volumes - water, fuel, cockpits. The ship is not rubber.

    Read do not be lazy, what is the project 30 bis. The crew of 278 people. drinking water 14 tons, washing water 14 tons with water for 10 days. Now for the evaporators: I just served in БЧ-5 and had a turbo-generator number 2 in the steering office, so I know the problem. It’s good that the spa has a steam generator in the next bunk. Clean them it’s necessary to constantly shut off the sea salt, stop the pipes if they have leaked. Well, if these plugged pipes become too much and the performance decreases, then of course the plant is needed. I can also tell you how to carry the wahu in the car at a temperature of 70 degrees 4 through 0. However, the anniversary can be unweighing helped? By the way, the ship was 30 years old. Okay, enough memories. The reason is simple. There is neither a normal starpom nor a boatswain (DRAGON) on this ship.
    1. 1c-inform-city
      1c-inform-city 22 October 2013 21: 17
      +1
      I understand everything, but why talk about yesterday. Who will install the evaporators now. There are much cheaper and small-sized methods.
    2. Greyfox
      Greyfox 22 October 2013 21: 26
      0
      And I’m from the 5 warhead. I only had 1,2 tons of 32 people. And I don’t have to wash anything about everything. And I don’t need to talk about shifts. We were at sea all the time, unlike the naval ones. we weren’t supposed to, and the desalination plant was still faulty from the factory (hello now to Ukrainian Feodosia). And I can also talk about the arrangement of mechanisms and pipelines (only obscene, let the Theodosians again hiccup). Once again I explain, border guards far from the coast in the Baltic go (this is not the Far East with its economic zone), so we would not turn on the desalination plant anyway Chali, especially in the Baltic (if you talked with desalination, you must understand why)
      1. Misantrop
        Misantrop 23 October 2013 23: 16
        0
        Quote: Greyfox
        watermaker was faulty
        And what, in the Baltic Sea without a desalination plant and not wash? In the car there is no place to warm buckets of water? And the soap in the Baltic water is excellently soaped, we ourselves not only washed, but also washed it in Paldiski. We even managed to wash it normally on Kola, even though there is a little water from the tap all year round with a temperature of +2
        Quote: chunga-changa
        How is a boatswain or a start-up treating ringworm? This, by the way, is a skin fungal disease, outfits are not treated out of turn.
        Elementary - obscene. The soldier who picked up this muck goes to the warhead-5 for a glass of oil working out with the internal combustion engine. How many days to smear regularly - everything goes fine. Any minder knows this. By the way, the fungus of the foot is best treated ... in trays of sea water with a small amount of diesel fuel on top. He himself got rid of this rubbish when some ****, wearing my limps once, threw this muck to me. But nifig ointments did not help, it only got worse
    3. chunga-changa
      chunga-changa 23 October 2013 23: 04
      0
      I wonder how the boatswain or the head officer treat ringworm? This, by the way, is a skin fungal disease, outfits are not treated out of turn. Shearing, washing l / s and frying things is not eliminated.
  14. xomaNN
    xomaNN 23 October 2013 16: 24
    +2
    "Antaeus" ate the dog in the land air defense systems, and there is no doubt that this air defense system will be "oiled" with more or less blood. At one time, our subcontractors on the 1134B also had an air defense system, which was originally a land missile, brought to the requirements of the Navy. And nothing, for its time the complex was good.
    1. Dump truck
      Dump truck 23 March 2014 16: 54
      +1
      There are only two buts. Firstly, in "Almaz-Antey" all the dogs were eaten long ago. Secondly, there is simply no one to "spoil" the air defense system now. This very Almaz-Antey destroyed its only developer of naval air defense missile systems JSC MNIRE "Altair" at the end of 2010. There is little hope for RATEP - they have always been manufacturers, but not developers. So all statements about the fact that everything will be unified with land complexes is the most common demagogy in order to pull big money from the budget, incredibly big! Here is a real oil painting!