Military Review

Submachine gun Vigneron M2

The Vigneron M2 submachine gun was an efficient and light submachine gun that was created in the early 1950s by a retired officer of the Belgian army. In the 1953 year in Belgium Vigneron was adopted. This submachine gun was similar to many samples. weapons from that period of time, made using the stamping method, it consisted of fairly simple components. At the same time, the barrel of the submachine gun was longer than that of ordinary submachine guns, but it had a built-in compensator and an incomplete muzzle brake. At the same time, it was similar to the German MP-40, the famous American "Lubricating Syringe" М3, as well as the legendary "Tommy gun", while it was a completely different weapon.

The pistol grip of the Vigneron M2 was equipped with a built-in automatic safety device that locked the bolt during recoil. The fire interpreter could also be used as a fuse, but when it was set to the continuous fire position, lightly pressing a finger on the trigger led to a single shot, further pressing the trigger allowed fire to be fired. The butt of the submachine gun was made folding, it was retracted into the recess on the receiver of the submachine gun, and the length of the butt could be adjusted to a specific shooter.

When the Belgian army finally left the Congo, some of these machine pistols were left here to arm the Congolese units. The consequence of this is that today Vigneron M2 submachine guns can be found almost anywhere in Central Africa.

Submachine gun Vigneron M2

At the end of the 1950s, the Belgian army faced an acute problem of rearmament. After five years of German occupation, Belgium had to create its own national army almost from scratch. Prior to the arrival of the Germans in Belgium, the country had a fairly good development of the small arms industry, the center of the Belgian shooting industry was the Fabrique Nationale (FN / Browning) enterprise. After the end of the Second World War, at the initial stage, the Belgian army was arming with weapons that were partially left from the Germans, and partly were transferred by the Americans. By 1954, the Browning Hi-Power self-loading pistol and the FN-FAL assault rifle were adopted in Belgium, while the army still needed a submachine gun that was planned to arm tankers, artillery soldiers and drivers. To meet the needs of the Belgian army in a submachine gun volunteered retired colonel of the Belgian army George Vineron.

Georges Vigneron (George Vineron 15.02.1880 - 7.08.1956) proposed the design of a submachine gun, which looked for the Belgian army, armed with American and German PP, quite familiar. Like the M3 submachine gun, which became very widespread in Europe, the small arms proposed by Colonel George Vineron were produced by stamping sheet metal, and possessed automatic equipment with a free gate and a round box receiver. Like the Lubricating Syringe, the Vinieron submachine gun had a folding protective cover that could close the ejection window of the spent cartridges.

During the competition, which was attended by other prototypes of the PP, Vigneron was declared the winner and adopted by the army of Belgium in 1953 year. The company Societe Anonyme Precision Liegeoise, which was located on the same street as the Fabrique Nationale (FN), was engaged in the serial production of a submachine gun. Vigneron remained in service with the Belgian army until the end of the 1990-s, the submachine gun was produced in two basic versions: the M1 and the M2, the main differences of which were sights from each other.

In curb PP weighed 3,68 kg, it was equipped with a box magazine on the 32 cartridge with a single row of cartridges. The submachine gun used bullets caliber 9x19 mm. Behind the base of the front sight in the muzzle of the trunk there were a couple of special holes to compensate for the shooting during shooting. The weapon was equipped with a retractable butt of steel wire and had a belt for carrying.

Automatic submachine gun worked under the scheme with a free gate. The trigger mechanism PP allows for firing single shots and bursts from the open shutter. The translator of fire modes was on the left side above the pistol grip of fire control. The cocking handle was located on the left side of the receiver, when firing it was stationary. The window for ejection of spent cartridges from a submachine gun was equipped with a special flip cover, which protected the submachine gun from the ingress of dirt in the stowed position.

A distinctive feature of the Vigneron M2 was the significant length of the barrel, as applied to ordinary submachine guns, which was 305 mm, which was a rarity for small arms of this class. The barrel of the submachine gun at the base was framed with transverse ribs and had 6 right-rifling. This barrel gave it a resemblance to the "Tommy gun" of the early 1920-s. However, unlike the “Tommy gun”, whose front sight was at the base of the muzzle compensator, at the Vigneron PP, the front sight was located in the front part.

The receiver of PP was cylindrical, the box of the firing mechanism, as well as the receiver of the magazine were stamped and made of sheet steel. The sights of the submachine gun were unregulated; they allowed aimed fire at a distance of 50 meters. Creating his weapon, George Vineron tried to make it as convenient as possible for storage and transportation. The submachine gun turned out to be quite compact - with the butt folded over the entire 695 mm. With such a total length, it was shorter than the American M1 carbine, and the sighting line was equal to 558,8 mm.

Submachine gun Vigneron was equipped with a three-position fire switch. A feature of the automatic fire from a submachine gun was that with a light pull on the trigger Vigneron could conduct semi-automatic shooting, in this it was similar to the German submachine gun MP-40, and with a stronger pull on the trigger, the speed of automatic fire reached 620 rds / min

Another similarity of the Belgian submachine gun with the German MP-40 was the 32-charging magazine. Many users say that the shops with the MP-40 submachine gun can easily be used with the Vigneron M2 submachine gun. It was a very good idea to use the German MP-40 shops in it, since a huge number of them accumulated in Europe in the 50s. The Vigneron submachine gun was equipped with a loader chuck in the store, which externally looked like a clone from the British submachine gun STEN.

Many might have the impression that Belgium is not too belligerent, which is not entirely true. In the 1960-70-ies of the twentieth century, Belgium fought in Africa in the territory of its colonies, and its soldiers very actively used the Vigneron submachine gun. So the Belgian military took an active part in the 2 evacuation of thousands of European and American citizens during the Simba rebel uprising in 1964 (Operation Red Dragon), and in 1978 they provided for the evacuation of civilians in Kolwezi. They also had operations in Burundi, Rwanda, Somalia and other hot spots in Africa, where the Vigneron M2 submachine gun in the hands of the Belgian paratroopers helped them make "friends" among the local population and influence the minds of the locals.

In addition to African countries, submachine guns Vigneron were widely used in the war in Vietnam and the countries of the former Yugoslavia, as well as in Northern Ireland, where they managed to light up in the hands of the IRA fighters. Despite the fact that this submachine gun has already been withdrawn from service in NATO, it can still be found in the countries of Central Africa. Today, this software is available for purchase in the US market of civilian weapons, where it can be purchased at the price of just 250 dollars apiece, although at the beginning of the 90 of the last century it could be bought at the price of 100 dollars. It is also known that a significant amount of Vigneron M2 is still stored in Belgian warehouses, probably waiting for a good price to be offered for them.

Key Features:
Caliber - 9x19mm (Luger / Parabellum);
Weight –3.28 kg without cartridges, 3,68 kg. equipped;
Length - 695 / 872 mm (butt folded / unfolded);
Barrel length - 305 mm;
Rate of fire - 620 rds / min;
Magazine capacity - cartridge 32;
Effective firing range - 100 m.

Information sources:
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  1. understudy
    understudy 15 October 2013 11: 48
    The length of the sighting line inspires ... It is a pity that there is no information about the "accuracy" of this unit. My "plus" to the author.
    1. PPL
      PPL 15 October 2013 13: 18
      It is a pity that there is no information about the "accuracy" of this unit.

      The very last line of the article is "Effective firing range - 100 m."

      I am interested in something else:
      a substantial amount of Vigneron M2 is still in stock in Belgium, probably waiting for a good price to be offered for them.
      ... "Our" Serdyukov would have disposed of everything long ago ... lol
  2. SIT
    SIT 15 October 2013 14: 39
    In the rainy season, you can still drag it after shooting without fear of anything, and when the sun burns the trunk and is so hot and you just need to drop a couple of stores out of it so that there are blisters of burns from the trunk, where you touch the body or grab it by accident while running. He is heating up like an iron. Damn after all was already PPP 43. What else to invent? Of all such stamped pieces of iron, nothing is better invented.
  3. Ilya Mikhalych
    Ilya Mikhalych 15 October 2013 15: 52
    Nothing special . There is not even a forearm; at any time of the year you will have to wear winter gloves. Ordinary junk. The author for his efforts +.
  4. netMolotov
    netMolotov 15 October 2013 15: 58
    I don’t know, maybe I'm a latent German? But only MP-38 causes me reflex salivation!
  5. xomaNN
    xomaNN 15 October 2013 16: 13
    "Simple as true" Or is it still about the products of our gunsmiths? wink
  6. ramsi
    ramsi 15 October 2013 20: 23
    may be the only weapon where the ideology of a fire translator is correctly solved
  7. kafa
    kafa 15 October 2013 22: 14
    not the worst PP is not the most effective and the other is not the most, but with a story smile
  8. bunta
    bunta 15 October 2013 23: 31
    further pull the trigger

    9X19 mm bullets

    possessed automation with a free shutter and a round-shaped receiver.


    1. 505506
      505506 17 October 2013 14: 44
      Pure neighing?
  9. 505506
    505506 17 October 2013 14: 43
    light finger pulling the trigger led to a single shot, further pulling the trigger allowed firing bursts

    With a light pull on the trigger, the hook turns, the hook turns ... INTO KUROK !!! Well, they still do not grab the barrel !!!
    Editors (moderators), HOW DOES THIS PRODUCE?
  10. Sour
    Sour 22 October 2013 16: 09
    Quote: ramsi
    may be the only weapon where the ideology of a fire translator is correctly solved

    So after all in MP-38 and in PPS-43 the same. A short press on the trigger is a single shot, and the translator, as a separate part, is missing.
    According to the used cartridge and structural solutions, this software is close to the MP-38, even the shutter handle on the left, like it has. The same shutter with a roll out, the same fixation of the store.
    In general, I got the phrase "pulling the trigger"... Admins are kindly requested to remove this from use. Here, after all, the Military Review, not the "echo of Moscow".
  11. Pate
    Pate 25 June 2015 09: 47
    A cool article in which of the old French films this PP was shown, if my memory serves me as a Professional.