The promising MDR “Foliage” (GRAU index 15М107) is designed to search and deactivate explosive devices laid in the path of the vehicles of the Topol, Topol-M and Yars missile systems. When patrolling, self-propelled launchers, communication and security vehicles are at risk of being attacked by saboteurs, including with the use of various types of mines. In order to avoid such incidents, it is planned to include a special vehicle in the composition of the missile units, which will inspect the road and look for the bombs laid. In addition, she must be able to neutralize or destroy them. To carry out such work related to the safety of mobile missile systems, a new project called Foliage was created.
Most of the information about the Folk Photo Library is still classified, but some fragmentary data has already been made publicly available. As can be seen from the available photo and video materials, the basis for the Foliage clearance machine was the three-axle armored vehicle “69501 Product” of the KAMAZ plant, which is a development of the Shot project. From this fact it is possible to draw approximate conclusions about the driving characteristics of the MDR. When converting to the 15М107 “Foliage” car, the armored car receives a set of special radio-electronic equipment. Part of it, including the control system, is installed inside the armored hull. On the roof and in the front are mounted characteristic units used to search and neutralize mines.
Perhaps the most noticeable element in the appearance of the Foliage car is the antenna on its roof. A parabolic antenna similar to those used with radars is probably used to search for mines. As stated, the capabilities of the detection system make it possible to find mines at a distance of up to 100 meters in a sector of width 30 °. With such characteristics, the Folding Map of the MDR can quickly enough examine the necessary sections of the patrol route of the rocket complexes.
In front of the machine there is a movable frame mounted on telescopic rods and equipped with some devices. In the stowed position, the booms are shortened and the instrument block is located near the front of the armored car hood. In the fighting position, the frame moves forward, and its instrumentation equipment falls to the ground. Apparently, it is the front frame that bears on itself the radiators intended for neutralization of the mines found.
It should be noted that in the absence of official information, it remains only to speculate about the purpose of certain units mounted on an armored car. It may well be that units installed on the front frame are used as a mine detector, and the antenna on the roof serves as an electromagnetic “gun”. Moreover, one cannot exclude such a variant of the architecture of the electronic systems of the complex, in which both units can be used both for detection and for neutralization of explosive devices.
On the roof and the back of the armored car are also placed some units, the purpose of which remains unknown. Probably, on the outer surface of the armored case there are boxes for transportation of various cargoes, antennas of various systems, etc. In addition, there may be an additional generator installed on the roof. A similar unit is needed by the machine due to the use of a large number of different electronics and emitters.
As follows from the available data, the combat operation of the 15М107 machines will look as follows. At a certain distance in front of the machines of the missile complex, a technician with remote mine clearance systems is moving along the route. With a detection system, she surveys the road and searches for mines. Having found the ammunition, the MDR stops and the crew of five, using the available information, makes a decision on the method of neutralizing the ammunition. Two sappers who are part of a crew of five (driver, commander, operator and two sappers) can take up the mines for liquidation. In addition, you can use the available technical tools. In the latter case, the machine approaches the mine at a sufficient distance and turns on the microwave emitter. If the mine is equipped with any electronic elements, the powerful radiation literally burns them, which makes the ammunition unusable.
Taking into account the peculiarities of the sabotage activities of recent years, the authors of the project “Foliage” have provided protection against remote-controlled explosive devices. Since such mines are often made using civilian communications (cell phones, pagers, etc.), a remote mine-clearing machine is capable of sending radio signals imitating the signals of telephones and other civilian electronics. Due to this, the detonation of the ammunition should occur at the very moment when the mine enters the zone of the emitters of the demining machine. The equipment of the missile complex for which the pledged charge was intended, at this time is at a great distance from the explosion site and cannot suffer. The stated radius of the electronic systems of the machine is equal to 70 meters. This means that it will be able to find and neutralize explosive devices not only on the road or the roadside, but also at a rather large distance from the road itself.
However, the most interesting in the complex “Foliage” is precisely the system of remote demining using microwave radiation. Earlier in our country such systems were not used, which allows us to consider the new project a real breakthrough in the field of engineering tools. At the same time, unfortunately, even the available information suggests that the project “Foliage” is not a universal means of protecting missile systems from sabotage using explosive devices. It is easy to see that a high power microwave transmitter can destroy only those mines that are equipped with fuses with remote control or some other electronic systems.
In the case of the pressure mine, the applied system may be useless. However, the presence of the mine detector will allow time to detect an explosive device and take appropriate action. Probably, precisely for the neutralization of such munitions, the sappers are present in the Foliage MDR crew. Thus, the term “remote demining”, used in the name of a new class of equipment, turns out to be valid only for a certain part of the cases that may occur with the Foliage vehicle during combat operations.
It is hard to say when exactly the 15M107 “Foliage” vehicles will manage to use their capabilities in practice. Given their purpose, I would like all mine detection cases to occur exclusively at the exercise. With regard to the timing of the start of delivery of new cars in the Strategic Missile Forces, they have already been determined. The first serial armored cars with special electronic equipment will go to the troops next year. In the future, deliveries will be made at a rate of several cars per year. Exact information about the procurement of MDR "Foliage" is likely to be published later.
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