Military Review

Remote clearance machine "Foliage"

35
Next year, units of the strategic missile forces will begin to receive new equipment. To ensure the safety of mobile ground-based missile systems, a new remote clearance mine (MDR), Folia, will be used. In early August, the latest development of the domestic defense industry was tested at the site near Krasnoarmeysky. At present, the design is being refined and preparations for the serial construction of machines are underway.


Remote clearance machine "Foliage"


The promising MDR “Foliage” (GRAU index 15М107) is designed to search and deactivate explosive devices laid in the path of the vehicles of the Topol, Topol-M and Yars missile systems. When patrolling, self-propelled launchers, communication and security vehicles are at risk of being attacked by saboteurs, including with the use of various types of mines. In order to avoid such incidents, it is planned to include a special vehicle in the composition of the missile units, which will inspect the road and look for the bombs laid. In addition, she must be able to neutralize or destroy them. To carry out such work related to the safety of mobile missile systems, a new project called Foliage was created.

Most of the information about the Folk Photo Library is still classified, but some fragmentary data has already been made publicly available. As can be seen from the available photo and video materials, the basis for the Foliage clearance machine was the three-axle armored vehicle “69501 Product” of the KAMAZ plant, which is a development of the Shot project. From this fact it is possible to draw approximate conclusions about the driving characteristics of the MDR. When converting to the 15М107 “Foliage” car, the armored car receives a set of special radio-electronic equipment. Part of it, including the control system, is installed inside the armored hull. On the roof and in the front are mounted characteristic units used to search and neutralize mines.

Perhaps the most noticeable element in the appearance of the Foliage car is the antenna on its roof. A parabolic antenna similar to those used with radars is probably used to search for mines. As stated, the capabilities of the detection system make it possible to find mines at a distance of up to 100 meters in a sector of width 30 °. With such characteristics, the Folding Map of the MDR can quickly enough examine the necessary sections of the patrol route of the rocket complexes.

In front of the machine there is a movable frame mounted on telescopic rods and equipped with some devices. In the stowed position, the booms are shortened and the instrument block is located near the front of the armored car hood. In the fighting position, the frame moves forward, and its instrumentation equipment falls to the ground. Apparently, it is the front frame that bears on itself the radiators intended for neutralization of the mines found.

It should be noted that in the absence of official information, it remains only to speculate about the purpose of certain units mounted on an armored car. It may well be that units installed on the front frame are used as a mine detector, and the antenna on the roof serves as an electromagnetic “gun”. Moreover, one cannot exclude such a variant of the architecture of the electronic systems of the complex, in which both units can be used both for detection and for neutralization of explosive devices.

On the roof and the back of the armored car are also placed some units, the purpose of which remains unknown. Probably, on the outer surface of the armored case there are boxes for transportation of various cargoes, antennas of various systems, etc. In addition, there may be an additional generator installed on the roof. A similar unit is needed by the machine due to the use of a large number of different electronics and emitters.

As follows from the available data, the combat operation of the 15М107 machines will look as follows. At a certain distance in front of the machines of the missile complex, a technician with remote mine clearance systems is moving along the route. With a detection system, she surveys the road and searches for mines. Having found the ammunition, the MDR stops and the crew of five, using the available information, makes a decision on the method of neutralizing the ammunition. Two sappers who are part of a crew of five (driver, commander, operator and two sappers) can take up the mines for liquidation. In addition, you can use the available technical tools. In the latter case, the machine approaches the mine at a sufficient distance and turns on the microwave emitter. If the mine is equipped with any electronic elements, the powerful radiation literally burns them, which makes the ammunition unusable.

Taking into account the peculiarities of the sabotage activities of recent years, the authors of the project “Foliage” have provided protection against remote-controlled explosive devices. Since such mines are often made using civilian communications (cell phones, pagers, etc.), a remote mine-clearing machine is capable of sending radio signals imitating the signals of telephones and other civilian electronics. Due to this, the detonation of the ammunition should occur at the very moment when the mine enters the zone of the emitters of the demining machine. The equipment of the missile complex for which the pledged charge was intended, at this time is at a great distance from the explosion site and cannot suffer. The stated radius of the electronic systems of the machine is equal to 70 meters. This means that it will be able to find and neutralize explosive devices not only on the road or the roadside, but also at a rather large distance from the road itself.

However, the most interesting in the complex “Foliage” is precisely the system of remote demining using microwave radiation. Earlier in our country such systems were not used, which allows us to consider the new project a real breakthrough in the field of engineering tools. At the same time, unfortunately, even the available information suggests that the project “Foliage” is not a universal means of protecting missile systems from sabotage using explosive devices. It is easy to see that a high power microwave transmitter can destroy only those mines that are equipped with fuses with remote control or some other electronic systems.

In the case of the pressure mine, the applied system may be useless. However, the presence of the mine detector will allow time to detect an explosive device and take appropriate action. Probably, precisely for the neutralization of such munitions, the sappers are present in the Foliage MDR crew. Thus, the term “remote demining”, used in the name of a new class of equipment, turns out to be valid only for a certain part of the cases that may occur with the Foliage vehicle during combat operations.

It is hard to say when exactly the 15M107 “Foliage” vehicles will manage to use their capabilities in practice. Given their purpose, I would like all mine detection cases to occur exclusively at the exercise. With regard to the timing of the start of delivery of new cars in the Strategic Missile Forces, they have already been determined. The first serial armored cars with special electronic equipment will go to the troops next year. In the future, deliveries will be made at a rate of several cars per year. Exact information about the procurement of MDR "Foliage" is likely to be published later.


On the materials of the sites:
http://ria.ru/
http://arms-expo.ru/
http://redstar.ru/
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35 comments
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  1. ICT
    ICT 19 September 2013 09: 08 New
    0
    well, it’s understandable by the presence of electronics in it, but it will be able to distinguish the svu from the phone, the receiver or the MPNUMX player, about the elimination of the VCA using microwave radiation, too, the question is this radiation will not only burn the electronics, but it can also trigger the operation of the VCA itself, which also OK .
    as a result, a slowdown, or even more, a stop of the convoy of complexes, and somewhere in a kilometer the guys from

    and YaRs turns into a BULAVA. do we need it?
    1. Nitup
      Nitup 19 September 2013 17: 59 New
      +2
      Quote: TIT
      about the elimination of IEDs using microwave radiation, too, the question is, this radiation will not only burn the electronics, but can also trigger the operation of the IED itself, which is also not good.

      Well, I think that the developers are not fools either and have foreseen all this.
      Quote: TIT
      and somewhere in a kilometer guys are sitting with

      And just for the guys sitting there somewhere, they came up with this:
      1. ICT
        ICT 19 September 2013 18: 39 New
        0
        It’s hard to imagine how to distinguish a group of deversants in the amount of two three at a distance of three kilometers.

        Quote: Nitup
        Well, I think that the developers are not fools either and have foreseen all this.

        I didn’t see in the video that the car had found at least a full-fledged dummy IED, BUT WE WILL HOPE THAT AND THE DEVELOPERS OF THE YOUNG PEOPLE and the military reception carried out the whole complex of tests.
        as an example, such things are triggered by a thunderstorm in a neighboring building
  2. vladsolo56
    vladsolo56 19 September 2013 10: 05 New
    16
    Here is the best way to protect against mines and landmines. rather than a mindless increase in armor protection, weighting armored vehicles. If you add a thorough thoughtful intelligence to this, it will be much calmer.
    1. xetai9977
      xetai9977 19 September 2013 11: 16 New
      +5
      A very necessary technique. Can save so many lives of young guys .....
      1. Corsair
        Corsair 19 September 2013 12: 00 New
        +2
        Quote: xetai9977
        A very necessary technique. Can save so many lives of young guys .....

        Quote from the article:
        However, the most interesting in the complex “Foliage” is precisely the system of remote demining using microwave radiation. Earlier in our country such systems were not used, which allows us to consider the new project a real breakthrough in the field of engineering tools. At the same time, unfortunately, even the available information suggests that the project “Foliage” is not a universal means of protecting missile systems from sabotage using explosive devices. It is easy to see that a high power microwave transmitter can destroy only those mines that are equipped with fuses with remote control or some other electronic systems.

        I agree with your conclusion, and I’ll add that it would be nice for a military research institute to carry out work on "miniaturizing" the system ...
  3. igordok
    igordok 19 September 2013 10: 21 New
    +2
    To work together with Topol and Yars, the wheel drive is what you need. But for the combined arms system, a tracked move is needed.
    1. vladsolo56
      vladsolo56 19 September 2013 14: 03 New
      +5
      This machine is designed to clear roads and everything near the road. There are other equally effective means for mine clearing.
  4. sergey158-29
    sergey158-29 19 September 2013 11: 15 New
    +4
    And why not use such a machine in the Caucasus?

    It’s DIFFICULT to come up with the best “POLYGON” ...
  5. vomag
    vomag 19 September 2013 11: 22 New
    0
    Well, about the caterpillar track, you can remove the spark and put the gusli like a ganomage from the times of World War II. I’m worried about the approach to business, for example, amers create this type of machine from scratch but the crew is protected to the maximum and comfort is normal and we have the first thing hand and voila !!! (super mega awesomely secret TTH just rolls over but you can’t talk about it !!!) here stupidly sit and guess what they tama tamura and don’t forget that in any scenario mines and other "surprises" are inspected by people and if they are overworked all the khan will be blown up so th about comfort is no less important than armor.
    1. ICT
      ICT 19 September 2013 15: 52 New
      0
      Quote: vomag
      it’s secret that they just roll over, but you can’t talk about it !!!) stupidly sit there and guess what, they got it


      Well, it seems to me there inside (if not worse considering our backlog in electronics), something like this + a hypertrophied microwave
    2. Airman
      Airman 20 September 2013 12: 44 New
      +1
      Quote: vomaga we grab the first thing that came to hand and voila !!! (super mega awesomely secret TTX just rolls over [/ quote

      The appearance of this machine is very similar to the BTR-152, albeit with a KAMAZ filling.
  6. USNik
    USNik 19 September 2013 11: 46 New
    +8
    Does it seem to me alone that the Shot looks suspiciously like the good old BTR-152?
    1. Boris55
      Boris55 19 September 2013 12: 46 New
      0
      Quote: USNik
      Does it seem to me alone that the Shot looks suspiciously like the good old BTR-152?

      Well, if only by the number of wheels ... laughing



    2. The comment was deleted.
      1. Professor
        Professor 19 September 2013 14: 34 New
        -7
        He, not he, is not important. Here's how he will neutralize from IEDs if he himself does not even have a V-shaped bottom. such MACHINES need to be made on the basis of MPMs and certainly not on a caterpillar base as some here offer. In short, again, the soldiers on the armor sit down. sad
        1. vladsolo56
          vladsolo56 19 September 2013 16: 40 New
          +2
          If they read carefully, they would understand that it detects mines at a distance of up to one hundred meters, this is the first and it destroys them not by colliding, but by detonating them from a distance, or destroying distant fuses, so if it hits a mine, it turns out that it’s nafik no one needs it. so if such a machine goes ahead, then there’s no point in sitting on the armor
      2. S-200
        S-200 19 September 2013 14: 59 New
        -1
        I have similar associations ...
        Fuck special forces to mine 99 non-rolled forest primers, if you can wait "at the threshold" of basing and then remotely with ATGMs for 1,5-2,5 km ...
        How will STRATEGIES fight this?
        1. vladsolo56
          vladsolo56 19 September 2013 16: 42 New
          +2
          Do you want one machine to solve a hundred problems? probably, as you say, an ambush at the base is a problem of reconnaissance equipped already with other technical means, and this machine is here sideways?
        2. beard999
          beard999 19 September 2013 16: 43 New
          +3
          Quote: S-200
          How will STRATEGIES fight this?

          Firstly. Saboteurs must be thrown to the rear. In the deep rear they can not be abandoned by anything other than transport aviation. Given the area of ​​the Russian Federation and the presence of powerful anti-aircraft defense, it will be extremely difficult for the enemy to land sabotage groups unnoticed.
          Secondly. Permanent deployment points are well guarded, including with the help of modern SAR, which is almost impossible to get around "quietly". In addition, some of the complexes are constantly on patrol. The patrol area at the SPU complex "Topol-M" is 250.000 square meters. km And then where to throw saboteurs?
          Thirdly. To combat saboteurs have their own funds. For example, "Typhoon-M" http://topwar.ru/32796-boevaya-protivodiversionnaya-mashina-tayfun-m.html.
          Fourth. To protect anti-tank systems (including self-guided) there are protective and camouflage kits. For example, ZME, which is precisely designed to protect against the WTO. In the end, you can equip SPU SAZami. The same "Afghanite", for example ...
          Fifth. And this is probably the most important. The probability that, for example, the Americans will fight Russian ICBMs with the help of sabotage groups is near-zero. If the United States has powerful nuclear weapons and means of delivery (WTO), no one there will rely on the destruction of the Russian strategic nuclear forces, with the help of sabotage groups. To send saboteurs (actually suicide bombers) to the territory, which will then be dealt a nuclear strike, is the complete absurdity that they lurk on the Internet, without any reason. At present, anti-sabotage forces and means are being attached to mobile complexes mainly for protection against terrorist groups (essentially insurgents) and for preventing the capture of nuclear weapons.
  7. Asan Ata
    Asan Ata 19 September 2013 11: 49 New
    +1
    I remember in 1980, at the Olympics, the guys caught on the border of the lad with a small mortar with a clockwork. Put on the roof - and on the run. It turns out that you need to clean it very widely, is it real? It turns out well, a very big goal, for UAVs, other large-caliber and others is available. How to be? Continuous booking media?
    1. ICT
      ICT 19 September 2013 12: 12 New
      +1
      Quote: Asan Ata
      Continuous booking media?


      that’s the problem. that the Strategic Missile Forces car complexes are the most vulnerable of the containment triad. especially nowadays with completely open borders
      1. nikcris
        nikcris 19 September 2013 13: 00 New
        0
        Quote: TIT
        Quote: Asan Ata
        Continuous booking media?


        that’s the problem. that the Strategic Missile Forces car complexes are the most vulnerable of the containment triad. especially nowadays with completely open borders

        You are mistaken - it is they who are not vulnerable if they are not standing on Red Square (conditionally, of course), as TU - 95-160 in Engels or the nuclear submarines at the berths.
        1. ICT
          ICT 19 September 2013 16: 55 New
          0
          Well, let's speculate purely hypothetically:
          the situation is tense to the limit (conditionally Caribbean crisis 2) each side is waiting for the first launch, but will not start first

          all means on combat duty

          Submarines in the sea-ocean - practically not vulnerable

          Mine complexes are not vulnerable (although their position is known)

          The air force at the airport is certainly yes vulnerable. in the air if the target is us territory. then given the missile launch range there are all suicide bombers, but if they are aimed at European territory, then even wow
          Automobile complexes are vulnerable (both in the basing places, on the dispersal route, and even in the place of temporary accommodation) for all means of destruction of any special forces group, up to the capture of the complexes themselves if someone sets such a goal for themselves (I think the composition of our reconnaissance cover groups known to partners)
  8. rotor
    rotor 19 September 2013 14: 02 New
    +1
    It is necessary to modify the foliage so that it also detects saboteurs, and acts on them with its radiation.

    And Foliage could destroy cruise missiles.
    In general, there is great scope for its activities.
    1. rotor
      rotor 19 September 2013 14: 46 New
      0
      True saboteurs can wear radioprotective suits from microwave radiation.
      :(
    2. S-200
      S-200 19 September 2013 15: 10 New
      0
      Quote: rotor
      It is necessary to modify the foliage so that it also detects saboteurs, and acts on them with its radiation.

      And Foliage could destroy cruise missiles.
      In general, there is great scope for its activities

      Yeah ... and even she would immediately print money! wassat
    3. rotor
      rotor 19 September 2013 15: 36 New
      0
      To detect saboteurs will help terahertz radiation, which occupies in the spectrum a place between long-wave infrared light and microwave radiation.
    4. igordok
      igordok 19 September 2013 18: 19 New
      0
      Quote: rotor
      We need to finalize the foliage,

      That would justify its name. Emit so foliage fell off. soldier
  9. nikcris
    nikcris 19 September 2013 14: 16 New
    -1
    Quote: rotor
    It is necessary to modify the foliage so that it also detects saboteurs, and acts on them with its radiation.

    And Foliage could destroy cruise missiles.
    In general, there is great scope for its activities.

    fellow Vernyak! I propose to urgently and repeatedly increase project financing. But ShtOp money is not rastashsh repeat or those watching to appoint Serdyukov
  10. Artew
    Artew 19 September 2013 14: 20 New
    -1
    It seems like something amer had. Also with microwave. They created a signal that caused people to panic. The soldiers working on the machine still melted their skin. I'm afraid to make a mistake, but will it not work out like that?
    1. Sirozha
      Sirozha 19 September 2013 14: 43 New
      0
      Nitsche, the soldiers are making friends. The crew will dress and lead lead jugs laughing
  11. Moore
    Moore 19 September 2013 16: 45 New
    0
    The fact that it was muddied on the basis of Shot is good on the one hand - there is more unification. There, and so a prodivodiversionnaya car based on the BTR, they gathered to seal.
    On the other hand, this whole kit does not seem very technological at first glance.
    Operation in Teykovo, which has long been a military training ground for all sorts of innovations in the Strategic Missile Forces, will show. Everything is better than letting the cargo pack in front of the column to reveal all this exploding evil spirits ...
  12. xomaNN
    xomaNN 19 September 2013 17: 24 New
    0
    Interestingly, were there military trials in hot spots, such as Dagestan or Chechnya-Ingushetia?
  13. roma2
    roma2 19 September 2013 18: 05 New
    +2
    I haven’t laughed like that for a long time

    A parabolic antenna, similar to that used with radar stations, is probably used to search for mines. Allegedly, the capabilities of the detection system allow you to find mines at a distance of up to 100 meters in a sector 30 ° wide.


    Use a microwave signal to search for mines underground - I’ve never seen a dumber phrase, HOW is this possible ?? After all, the signal will be reflected from the surface of the earth, the depth of penetration of microwave radiation into the soil is not more than 1-2 cm.

    Then how is it possible to find objects at a depth of 30 cm ?????

    Fuse failure - HOW, using microwave radiation, you can disable a MECHANICAL fuse ??????? The video plot is obvious noodles to the average man, but the military is being led to this.

    That destruction of electronic fuses is doubtful because of the small penetration of radiation, and that the signal power is not kilowatts.
    1. nbw
      nbw 19 September 2013 21: 08 New
      0
      obvious noodles to the average man, but the military is being led to this.


      Good. Your assumptions? Yes, the "bell" in front of the antenna is a waveguide, most likely.
      1. roma2
        roma2 19 September 2013 22: 52 New
        +1
        I agree, the waveguide, but in figs this antenna is needed I’m lost in conjecture.
  14. Sunscorpion
    Sunscorpion 19 September 2013 20: 46 New
    0
    Quote: USNik
    Does it seem to me alone that the Shot looks suspiciously like the good old BTR-152?

    no not one
  15. nightingale
    nightingale 20 September 2013 12: 13 New
    0
    In Soviet times, there was a mine clearing vehicle based on a tank of the X-ray radiation range. had to decompose explosives and lead to the inability to undermine it. a Determine the presence of mines by secondary radiation.
  16. bublic82009
    bublic82009 20 September 2013 23: 42 New
    -2
    stupid thing. where will they remove these cheburashi ears when passing low bridges or obstacles? in order that in the forest thicket this Cheburakh would move without hitting the trees in narrow places. radiation ahead will be hazardous to personnel.
  17. ALEXXX1983
    ALEXXX1983 22 September 2013 11: 41 New
    0
    Quote: bublic82009
    stupid thing. where will they remove these cheburashi ears when passing low bridges or obstacles? in order that in the forest thicket this Cheburakh would move without hitting the trees in narrow places.

    And the missile systems that it accompanies also must probably be compressed to the size of a small car - to maneuver between the trees? wassat
  18. Prager
    Prager 31 October 2014 14: 42 New
    0
    good technique! our gunsmiths are able to craft technique!