Military Review

Significant changes await Russian space industry

26
The disaster on the air was a serious blow to the entire Russian space industry. We are talking about the accident of the Proton-M rocket with three GLONASS satellites on board, which occurred on July 2 of the year 2013. This unfortunate launch showed live channel "Russia-24". He could be watched live or recorded by viewers around the world. In fact, this catastrophe has become a kind of symbol of what is happening in Russia today with the space industry.


Then in July, Russian President Vladimir Putin proposed to reform the entire industry. To prepare for the reform, a special commission headed by Deputy Prime Minister of Russia Dmitry Rogozin was to be created. Earlier, Rogozin had already promised to draw extremely tough conclusions from Russia's recent failures in space. According to Rogozin, after the reforms, the space industry will no longer look the way it looks now. At the same time, the Deputy Prime Minister, who oversees the country's defense industry, promised to make the Proton-M launch vehicle rather tough conclusions from both the organizational and personnel levels.

As a result, the decision of a specially created commission was transformed into the idea of ​​creating a joint rocket-space corporation (ORKK) in Russia, which could go on an IPO in 2-3 years. Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin noted that at the time of the creation of the new corporation and in the subsequent 2-3 of the year, the state-owned stake would have to be 100%. At the end of this period, to attract private investment, it is planned to bring the corporation to IPO (the first public sale of shares of a joint stock company).

Significant changes await Russian space industry

It is assumed that the structure of ORCC will include 33 Russian organizations that are integrated into 8 integrated structures, including 16 enterprises, of which 9 are open joint-stock companies and 7 FSUEs. Before the end of 3 quarter 2013, the Russian government should submit to Vladimir Putin an action plan for structuring the space industry. “Roskosmos, which previously submitted to the government a project to form a new corporation, concluded that the best option would be to create an 100-percent joint stock company with Roscosmos preserved as the controlling federal executive body. It is planned that the structure of the new corporation will include all domestic enterprises of this industry with the exception of a number of defense enterprises, ”said Dmitry Rogozin.

According to Rogozin, the members of the commission created so far have a strong opinion that it is not worthwhile to introduce structures that are working on the development of combat missile technology to the corporation being created. Currently, 4 large Russian enterprises that specialize in the implementation of the Russian state defense order - OJSC MIT Corporation, OJSC Kometa Corporation, OJSC Makeev Center and OJSC SPU-TsKB TM Corporation - are under the jurisdiction of Roscosmos .

As the Deputy Prime Minister clarified, at present these organizations are faced with “very important tasks” to fulfill the state defense order, and a decision on them will be made some time later: “It’s possible to suggest in the draft decisions to Vladimir Putin a date, a specific year, when it will be possible to return to this topic, ”said the deputy chairman of the government. Rogozin also added that no dates have yet been determined. According to the official, a specially created working group will have to prepare all the necessary documents within 10 days, after which a final decision will be made, which will be submitted to the Russian presidential administration. A draft and detailed draft of the upcoming reform should be submitted to the Kremlin before the end of September 2013.


According to Dmitry Rogozin, the creation of a rocket and space corporation will be able to save the Russian space industry from duplication. The reform of the Russian rocket and space industry should consolidate the efforts of enterprises and design bureaus, which will allow for the maximum utilization of existing production facilities. And this in itself should speed up the production of new type of spacecraft, like the manned module that was presented at the International Aerospace Show in Zhukovsky in 2013 year.

The creation of the United Rocket and Space Corporation in Russia was the subject of a separate meeting with the Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Government, Dmitry Rogozin, which took place in early September. In fact, it is assumed that the Federal Space Agency will be divided into 2 parts. So Roskosmos should get the function of the state customer, also this department will shape the state policy in the space sphere. At the same time, all domestic design bureaus and enterprises of the rocket and space industry, with the exception of enterprises operating in the Russian defense complex, will have to enter the United Rocket and Space Corporation (ORKK). This structure will have to assume the functions of a general contractor and will focus on the execution of the state order.

“Formation of a new corporation is supposed to be carried out on the basis of an already existing enterprise to facilitate procedures at the start of the entire process of reforming the industry. In particular, the Scientific Research Institute of Space Instrument Making, which, in turn, is a subsidiary of Russian Space Systems, is planned to supply the role of the base enterprise. At the same time, organizations that are involved in the provision of space activities will remain under the agency's jurisdiction. These are cosmodromes, the Cosmonauts Training Center, ground-based automated control facilities, branch institutes, and also combat missile technology enterprises, said the Deputy Prime Minister.


At the same time, a separate question is the fate of RSC Energia. The fact that this well-known enterprise on 100% should become state-owned has been discussed for quite some time, but only now some understanding has been found with the main shareholders of the corporation. During the meeting, Dmitry Rogozin said that we would suggest completing the formation of the RSC Energia board of directors in the near future, and we plan to nominate Deputy Minister of Economic Development Andrey Nikolayevich Klepach as chairman of the board of directors. In the future, the Board of Directors will have to determine all remaining personnel issues within the corporation.

Rogozin also made a proposal to increase the state of Roscosmos to 450 people, currently an 191 specialist works there. The fulfillment of all the tasks to create a new corporation is planned to be completed within one year. Discussing the objectives of creating a SACS, the Deputy Prime Minister highlighted: “Firstly, this is a unified technical policy, consolidation of the domestic space industry, and universalization of solutions. At the same time - stimulation of design ideas to the development of something new, and not just the use of the old accumulated technical reserve. Creation of those “competence centers” closer to the Vostochny cosmodrome, perhaps even a separate academic center, a full-fledged academic city in the Far East of the country, which would work on new projects for the Russian rocket and space industry. These are the tasks that confront us. It remains only the most important thing - to choose the right people for their fulfillment. ”

Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin believes that the formation of a new unified corporation should allow the country to get rid of the series of failures that have plagued the Russian rocket and space industry over the past few years. It is noteworthy that the new era of the Russian space industry may begin after the crash of the Proton-M launch vehicle with three GLONASS satellites on board. So a whole circle of failures from the 12 space dips over the last year's 2 may close. This series of failures began on 5 in December of 2010, when problems in the DM-3 upper stage caused three Russian GLONASS-M navigation satellites to go to the Pacific instead of near-Earth orbit.

Information sources:
http://www.vesti.ru/doc.html?id=1125842
http://www.gazeta.ru/business/news/2013/09/04/n_3158877.shtml
http://vpk.name/news/96342_dmitrii_rogozin_v_obedinennuyu_raketnokosmicheskuyu_korporaciyu_poke_ne_vklyuchat_organizacii_boevoi_raketnoi_tematiki.html
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  1. Horde
    Horde 10 September 2013 08: 05 New
    19
    they have already created an airplane united corporation, there Poghosyan steers to the detriment of everyone else - they are bent, a shipbuilding corporation, you don’t hear what it was, we buy the Mistrals, now here is the space united corporation.
    How not to sit down all in musicians are no good.
    1. fklj
      fklj 10 September 2013 09: 18 New
      +8
      I agree. What they do not do is not going on. Everything that the reformer’s hand touches turns into a shit ..
      There is work for the Specialists. A lot of work...
      1. ben gun
        ben gun 10 September 2013 13: 01 New
        +2
        If left as is, it will not even turn into a city, but into dust and dust. A couple of years ago in the internet there was a noise due to the fact that a couple of teenagers walked freely around workshops and territories, RSC Energia roofing felts, Progress roofing felts, Rogozin issued his censure and more of these stories were inaudible, they closed the territories apparently).
        In my opinion, the industry needs to be reformed. And it is necessary to carry out the reform centrally, according to the plan. And if it is centralized to reform, then it is necessary and everything that will be reformed will be confused under the one hand of the manager, otherwise there will be no sense (well, who will listen to the instructions of the left uncle, who is not a matchmaker, not a brother and no sales boss to you?). So integration is needed to reform. And by what plan - I hope it will be reformed according to a sound plan, with adequate goals (for example, a flight to Mars and back to 2030 by a man from the Russian Federation)))).
        To the IPO account. I’m not special on exchanges, but I’m not afraid of this yet either. It was before the IPO 100% in the state administration of shares, they will bring the corporation to the market, it will become 50% + 1, say, the decisive vote for the state manager and will end up all the same, and he will formulate and implement the policy.
      2. elmi
        elmi 12 September 2013 08: 59 New
        0
        Quote: fklj
        There is work for the Specialists. A lot of work...

        Not only special officers but also the FSB, specialists with polygraphs, check everyone from an ordinary employee to directors. It is quite possible sabotage in production. Link the salary of employees with missile launches.
    2. user
      user 10 September 2013 10: 45 New
      +3
      I think if it hadn’t been for the creation of an aircraft corporation in the aircraft industry it would have been even worse, and there’s a chance to fix everything
    3. studentmati
      studentmati 10 September 2013 23: 10 New
      +1
      Quote: Horde
      How not to sit down all in musicians are no good.


      The truth confirmed by the classics!
  2. Doktor-2
    Doktor-2 10 September 2013 08: 35 New
    +5
    In all this series of failures, the special services have to dig in well, for sure there is some kind of "dog" buried there, and maybe not one ..
  3. lotar
    lotar 10 September 2013 08: 58 New
    +1
    As they say, "do not build to break," another delilo is planned, in which some will skim the cream and some will be bent.
    1. user
      user 10 September 2013 10: 50 New
      0
      Without a revision, we mean privatization according to Chubais, previously concluded agreements are not clear with whom and transfers are not clear to whom production with incomprehensible which shareholders of production is responsible for the country's defense can not be fixed. Really special people have something to work on.
  4. zvereok
    zvereok 10 September 2013 09: 04 New
    +7
    The question remains, why missiles do not take off exclusively with our satellites on board?
    1. alone
      alone 10 September 2013 22: 53 New
      +1
      Quote: zvereok
      The question remains, why missiles do not take off exclusively with our satellites on board?


      But how do you propose to cover the stolen funds? The easiest option is PE
      1. zvereok
        zvereok 12 September 2013 20: 58 New
        0
        Quote: lonely
        But how do you propose to cover the stolen funds? The easiest option is PE


        The fact is that satellites are collected at one enterprise, and launched at another, but all within the framework of Roscosmos. That is, under the auspices of the leadership of Roscosmos, both enterprises are stolen and sent to the roof for protection, and she sends it to the curator, who is watching, but is certainly afraid to frighten off. By the way, Roscosmos also makes a decision because of what the incident happened.

        The second option is really diversion.
  5. Nickanor
    Nickanor 10 September 2013 09: 13 New
    +2
    Three Russian satellites of the GLONASS-M navigation system, instead of near-Earth orbit, set off to plow the expanses of the Pacific Ocean.

    The Proton-M booster rocket with three satellites on board successfully hit a ground target.

    Phobos-soil and others like them - good impulses are destined for us ... As long as the Popovkins and the like are at the helm of these "corporations," missiles, unfortunately, will fall.
    [img]http://images.yandex.ru/yandsearch?source=wiz&text=фобос-грунт карикатура&noreask=1&pos=1&rpt=simage&lr=10758&uinfo=sw-1307-sh-825-fw
    -1082-fh-598-pd-1&img_url=http://ttolk.ru/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/77.jpg[/img
    ]
  6. makst83
    makst83 10 September 2013 09: 25 New
    +1
    What kind of nonsense in the government !? So I want to knock on the head for such suggestions! The space industry is a STRATEGIC direction in the industry! Is it really not clear that when IP-O will be held, who will buy up these shares !? Already passed, in 90, when strategic enterprises bought up cheaply and reprofiled them (at best) or stupidly bankrupt!
  7. ia-ai00
    ia-ai00 10 September 2013 09: 32 New
    +1
    In order for this “perestroika” in the space industry to bring positive results, I think first we need to figure out the reason for all the failures, check the financial activities, really punish the guilty, remove from the industry management all those who are at least somehow involved in financial fraud , close to not allow foreigners to work with documentation, installation and operation. Conduct a careful selection of personnel. Do not use foreign devices and components of electronic devices, develop your own development. And do not transfer from chair to chair people who have already failed in any direction, for example, like Golikova. It’s time to get rid of "family" and "friendly" ties, if it concerns the fate of the RUSSIAN STATE!
    1. igor.borov775
      igor.borov775 10 September 2013 18: 03 New
      0
      So you can’t work with anyone then everyone suddenly can lose everything You’ve overeaten, Under President Medvedev a serious purge of our laws was carried out that they forgot how Edro ran away to vote and the opposition left, The name was just a charm to all these laws Forgot where we live, it’s necessary remember: HUMANIZATION OF LAWS: YOU THINK THE LEGISLATORS DIDN'T KNOW THAT THIS SUCH KNOWED AND VERY SATISFIED, GUESS THREE TIMES THAT VERY HELP ALREADY NOW, ALSO ALREADY, ALREADY, ALREADY, ALREADY, ALREADY, ALREADY, ALREADY ALREADY OF THEM.
  8. FunkschNNX
    FunkschNNX 10 September 2013 09: 49 New
    +1
    What for start the next restructuring? For starters, you make the existing mechanisms work normally, because you cannot assemble a healthy body from diseased organs.
  9. Max otto
    Max otto 10 September 2013 10: 17 New
    +5
    Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin noted that at the time of the creation of the new corporation and in the next 2-3 years, the state-owned block of shares should be 100%, at the end of this period it is planned to bring the corporation to IPO to attract private investment (the first public sale of shares of a joint stock company)

    Truly, only the pale-faced brother steps on the rake twice! (© Chingachguk). The previous life did not teach Russian leaders anything, private capital in space, which private entrepreneur will invest in long-term projects? Is it only for speed to cut the dough, as always. There was still no all sorts of Kerim and Abramovich in space, here they will work, of course!
  10. geptilshik
    geptilshik 10 September 2013 10: 41 New
    0
    I’ll go and tell my father-in-law that he will soon not be a communist with Titan RKK Energii.
    Bullshit, of course, if anything, again increases the staff of looters in the Russian Space Agency
  11. Hort
    Hort 10 September 2013 11: 30 New
    +1
    industry lost ...
    Won KLA today already claims a projected loss in 2013 of 41% to 8 billion rubles.
  12. RUS96
    RUS96 10 September 2013 11: 56 New
    +1
    There is work for the Specialists. A lot of work ... That's for sure !!!
  13. Algor73
    Algor73 10 September 2013 13: 44 New
    +2
    It is not necessary to deal with shuffling the deck of cards, but elementary guidance of labor discipline. The same regime objects and until they return to the Soviet system of control over the labor process, no progress can be seen. The Slovenes are not such people, how much they do not raise their salaries, the return will not be substantial (remember the judge, traffic cops, customs officers, etc.) they are not a sign. They work well for two reasons - either from under a stick, or because of an idea.
  14. The comment was deleted.
  15. Sirius-2
    Sirius-2 10 September 2013 19: 22 New
    0
    In the USSR, they specifically made competition with the aim of choosing the best equipment based on the results of the competition. Merging into one corporation kills all competition. If you create corporations, then two competing with each other are enough. Oh, where are you Ukraine, and where will you go? sad
  16. studentmati
    studentmati 10 September 2013 22: 50 New
    0
    Once again, the Marxist-Leninist “cut” takes place - to the bottom, and then ... And then, as usual, emptiness and the wounded are followed. The biggest crime is the rejection of the achievements of the Soviet School of Cosmonautics, the School that secured the leadership in the industry, and the school that kept the whole industry and the entire world cosmonautics in suspense for 50 years.

    I doubt that the Boss has received a command to release it.

    To save the situation, dear Barin, support the slaves of aviation and cosmonautics devoted to the Work and the Fatherland. And you don’t have to follow the wishes of the siblings who are dreaming of another “cut” ... Citizens cannot and should not be led by the industry “neither by sleep nor by spirit”. Seek and appoint masters of business, not stupid pseudo-effective managers.
  17. v.lyamkin
    v.lyamkin 11 September 2013 07: 17 New
    0
    I want to believe that the reorganization will help. But my language is my enemy: why is everything all right in the manned segment, and everything bad in the commercial segment? What is the difference? And I really would not want the streak of failures to spread to manned launches. Pah-pah - pah.
  18. Firebox
    Firebox 11 September 2013 19: 01 New
    -1
    I hope our government will soon regain Baikonur. because of your missiles, so many troubles happened, including the massive fall of rare animals like saiga (due to radiation), as well as in villages near the site of the fall of the oncology outbreak, out of 10 out of 8 children born with cancer
    1. v.lyamkin
      v.lyamkin 12 September 2013 04: 57 New
      0
      I sympathize, but either escalate or ignorance of the Russian language affects: How to understand the "massive fall of rare animals"
    2. Hort
      Hort 12 September 2013 13: 30 New
      +1
      I wonder who built it and on whose money? And then there: "... Will return to itself ..." Maybe it is time for us to return it?
      1. Firebox
        Firebox 9 February 2014 02: 03 New
        -1
        everything was built on money from the USSR a country which, alas, no longer exists, so nowhere to return
        or do you think that all former colonies are obliged to the Russian people?
  19. studentmati
    studentmati 11 September 2013 23: 37 New
    0
    As a result, the decision of the specially created commission was transformed into the idea of ​​creating an integrated space and rocket corporation (ORKK) in Russia, which could go public IPO within 2-3 years.

    All this is sad, there is a feeling of preparation for a funeral ...

    A corporation, by definition, is a mechanism for making a profit. Given the mentality of modern effective managers, the result is expected ... Devastation and bankruptcy. And in the long run, the industry will completely collapse and all its achievements will be lost over 50 years. sad