One-day diet of the Russian soldier
The main reason is that the army ration for the last 2-3 of the year has undergone significant changes, and the changes are clearly for the better. In the hundreds of soldiers' canteen military units, soldiers are offered not just quality food, but also a choice. The older and middle generations, arguing about their “choice”, may, with a sigh, recall only a choice in the format: eat or not eat ... Today, cooks offer a whole range of dishes, the choice of each of which is the right of a soldier. In addition, in a number of military units, soldiers are given the opportunity to anonymously fill out a questionnaire in which the fighter is entitled not only to assess the quality and completeness of the ration in the canteen, but also to make suggestions. Obviously, the proposals to supplement soldiers' dinners with truffles or black caviar turn into Hochma, but on the whole this practice (and mass) for the national army is something unprecedented.
So far, the “buffet” option is not implemented in all soldiers' canteens, but the number of such canteens is growing every year. The Russian conscript soldier gets the opportunity to choose from a pair of first courses, two or three second courses, as well as from 4-5 salads and other "snacks". Among other things - tea, coffee drink, juice or compote with a bun or other confectionery product. The total energy value of the daily ration of the Russian soldier today is 4300 kcal. Representatives of the Ministry of Defense say that according to this indicator, the Russian army today is ahead of the rest. In most armies of the world, the soldier’s daily ration is no more than 3700 kcal.
The calculations of specialists in healthy nutrition, as well as the opinions of high military ranks, suggest that such a number of calories can be ideal for a soldier only if a soldier consumes energy efficiently with food. If a soldier who receives a large number of calories per day, systematically staggers in the barracks or unhurriedly move from one object to another, without participating in real military training, exercises and other occupations of the proper amount of calories, then we can expect a man with extra chins ...
To calculate the daily ration of a modern soldier, today the Harris-Benedict formula is used. Brought her to the United States, and took into circulation in the 2005-th year. In Russia, it began to be used quite recently. The results of calculating the required daily energy obtained from food, according to this formula for an 18-year-old soldier with a height of 175 cm and a body weight in 70 kg, are as follows:
when taking into account daily physical exertion and intensive training in various types of army training, soldiers should receive about 3400-3500 kcal per day. This energy will be spent on maintaining the weight of the fighter and on the fact that physical fatigue does not affect his health.
If we go back to those 4300 kcal, which, according to the representatives of the Ministry of Defense, the RA soldiers receive, then it turns out that 900 kcal remain redundant and go to an increase in body weight. This is great for soldiers with low body mass and tall, but for others ...
Calories will not be redundant only in cases where the soldiers literally do not sit still, and when the intensity of employment is brought to the limit. 4300 kcal per day consumes 18-year-old young man engaged in intense physical activity during the working day, while his height and body weight of this soldier must be 195 cm and 95 kg, respectively ... More than five thousand calories per day are consumed in the case of many kilometers of marches full equipment with the forcing of various obstacles, firing and other relevant attributes. But not every day the fighters are sent to these marches and exercises.
And not all fighters serving in conscription in Armenia can boast of heroic parameters. This leads to serious fears: did our high military ranks fall into another extreme - then the soldiers dreamed of a piece of soft bread, now - the commanders dream of how to make the soldiers burn the accumulated calories. Is the middle ground slipped again?
So, if we return to the results of using the Harris-Benedict calculation mechanism, then it turns out that even with excessively intensive army occupations, the overwhelming majority of soldiers will gain weight.
But, considering this question, you still do not need to exaggerate. The fact is that 4300 Kcal is the maximum food energy that a modern Russian soldier can receive. Not every fighter will, as they say, rest at the table to the last in order to swallow everything that is in his plate. After a few meals, according to the soldiers themselves, they understand whether they are ready to master the rations offered in their entirety or not. That is, a soldier who has a head on his shoulders and in this head - thoughts on the assessment of the amount of food taken, he can choose from the option that suits him. True, it also does not do without additional pitfalls: firstly, not all soldiers are ready to reasonably assess the needs of their bodies, and therefore not everyone is ready to limit themselves in food (as they say, they give - take them); secondly, a mass restriction leads to the emergence of mass balances, and this is budget funds.
In general, for the time being it should be stated that the power system in the Russian army is still in the mode of approaching the best options. Obviously, the extra calories, and therefore the extra weight of the soldier, are completely useless (we are not talking about those who will not interfere with gaining weight). If you compare the rations by the number of calories with other armies of the world, then the Russian one is, indeed, among the leaders. For example, in the USA and Germany, where the intensity of the army training of soldiers, at least not lower than the Russian, they decided to slightly reduce the energy value of the diet, bringing it to the top bar in 3800-3900 kcal. The United States today is keeping the bar on the number of soldiers suffering from obesity. The American budget spends more than 1 billion dollars on their treatment every year! Will we catch up? ..
Only now, while the cars with the obese "demobels" in Russia have not met ...