Russia loses in the battle for space

Russia loses in the battle for space

The Russian Federation is getting closer to the moment when its space capabilities will be equal to the country of the second row. The last two decades, it was saved by the Soviet backlog - technology, technology, trained personnel, all the legacy of the fallen Red Empire.

In recent years, we have no in-orbit scientific apparatus, more and more satellites, or their components, are being created abroad. Yes, and the satellites produced are of low quality, of low duration of work, and more and more often unsuccessful launches occur.
Only in the last 2 of the month of the RF, the geodesic satellite “Geo-IK-3” was lost by the 1 satellite of the GLONASS system (the national global positioning system).

It was found by the Americans, the Command of the Aerospace Defense of North America (NORAD), discovered the device and reported to Roscosmos. The apparatus went out to the wrong orbit. The damage from only the last failures amounted to almost 6 billion rubles.
The main directions of the modern space industry, and the participation of the Russian Federation in them


The electronic industry in the USSR also lagged behind the advanced developments of the West and Japan. The situation has now become even worse. The development of electronics ensures the life of the satellite, Western satellites "live" 7-12 for years, Russian for up to 5 for years.

National Global Positioning System

This system began to be created in Soviet times (the first satellite was launched in 1982 year), as an analogue of the GPS system of the United States. In the system, in order for it to work stably, there must be at least 24 satellites, by 1996, they were put into orbit, but by 2001, there were only 6. Due to the poor quality of electronics, they are very short-lived.

In 2001, a plan was adopted that the group was restored by 2009, but as usual in the Russian Federation, they did not have time. The problem is the same as in 80-90-e 20 century, the satellites quickly break. The Russian Federation is forced to launch new satellites almost every year in order to compensate for the retirement of old ones, producers will benefit, but the budget is a big minus.


Russia buys ready-made telecommunications satellites, or collects from components of Western companies. Therefore, the service life is on average 8-12 years.

Italian, French, Belgian, Japanese, German, and Yusov companies took part in their creation.


In the 2004-2009 years of the Russian Federation, after the failure of the Meteor satellite, did not have a single meteorological satellite and bought meteorological data from the United States and Japan.

In 2000-2001 The Lavochkin Scientific Production Association began the development of the second-generation weather satellite Electro-L, and it was planned to launch it in the 2006 year. But, launched only in January 2011. Now the RF has only two weather satellites. By 2015, they plan to launch five more satellites, but plan this one and make another.

Mars explorations

The latest research of Mars was conducted by the Soviet Union in the 1988 year - the Phobos project. The Russian program Mars-96 failed, the new program Phobos-Grunt is constantly postponed - the launch of the station was planned in 2004, then 2006, deferred to 2009 for the year, then for November 2011, but would it fly?

Moon exploration

The program of research of the Moon was frozen in the USSR. At 2013, the Luna-Resource station is scheduled to land, the station is to put an Indian satellite into the Moon's orbit, and to land the moon rover on the Moon itself. In fact, this is a complete repetition of the program of the Soviet Union from 1966 of the year ("Luna-9").

Moon programs of other powers


Since 2009, NASA's LRO (Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter) satellite, which has already found water on the Earth's satellite, has been in orbit of the Moon, according to which a three-dimensional map of the Moon has been compiled. In 2011, 2 scientific apparatus will be launched to study the gravity of the moon. In 2013, they plan to launch a probe to study the atmosphere of the moon. At the end of 2013 - beginning of 2014. US plans to land on the moon robots, the humanoid robot Robonaut-2, has already been prepared and is being tested on the ISS. This will be the first step towards establishing a permanent base on the Moon.


Two Chinese satellites were working in the orbit of the moon. By 2020, China plans to land its astronauts on the moon.


2008-2009 The first Indian satellite worked in the orbit of the moon’s satellite. In the 2013 year, with the help of Russia, they plan to launch the 2 satellite and land the moon rover.


In 2010, an ambitious program was adopted: to land robots on the Moon before 2015, and to create a permanent automatic station. By 2025, they want to make it habitable.

European Union

The European Space Agency (ESA) plans in 2016-2018. land a research apparatus to study the surface and geology of the moon. Before 2020, the EU wants to create an automatic station.


- In fact, all the leading countries-leaders of the planet lead the moon race, the undisputed leader of the race is the United States of America. The plans are very ambitious - in fact, soon the exploration of the moon will begin, first by robotics, then by humans. Russia, on the background of such plans, is a complete outsider.

- The Russian Federation is absent in such areas as automatic interplanetary scientific probes, orbital astronomy (there are no orbital telescopes of its own), there are no orbital scientific satellites, there are no our satellites in the orbit of Mars, Venus.

- The only industry where the Russian Federation still maintains a leading position is carrier rockets. But, this is also not for long, the US to 2013-2014. plan to create new launch vehicles.

In the conditions of depletion of the resources of the planet Earth, space expansion becomes the only possibility of human survival. And the Russian Federation, in order to preserve itself in the new world, it is necessary to create a plan for the grand mastery of the Near Space and the study of the Far, almost re-creating the space industry and science.
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. -2
    7 February 2011 09: 43
    What mediocrity wrote this article? Explicitly purchased by the Pindos. Information, to put it mildly, is not true.
  2. +1
    7 February 2011 09: 45
    Temer, Disagree, argue, give the facts ...
  3. 0
    7 February 2011 11: 00
    About meteorological satellites. Has anyone heard of the Noah system? But these satellites were designed and built in Krasnoyarsk-26. And they have been flying for 15 years.
  4. 0
    7 February 2011 11: 26
    TemerWell, this is a Soviet start ...
  5. 0
    7 February 2011 11: 30
    1995 - Soviet groundwork ????? Well, you know ... By the way, in the satellite constellation Russia is in 1st place. Read the official statistics and do not take the numbers "from the lantern".
  6. 0
    7 February 2011 11: 38
    Temer, it ended up at 1995, and started?
  7. Dmitriy
    7 February 2011 11: 58
    Judging by the bilious additives in relation to the Russian Federation and the tacit omission of "but plan something else" in other countries betrays the author's feeble mind. In principle, it is understandable.
  8. 0
    7 February 2011 12: 03
    VadimilS, the program was launched at 95m. And it still works.
  9. +1
    7 February 2011 12: 05
    We are pleased to publish a refutation! Let's get the facts, numbers ...
    And "stupidity" and "mediocrity" are not arguments!
  10. Aztec
    7 February 2011 18: 07
    People, don’t go crazy. When there are many cons in the country, these disadvantages also affect space. Space is an expensive pleasure, and the country's economic opportunities are a big problem for the development of high technologies in all directions. A strong economic breakthrough is needed, and the creation of new high-tech industries .Yes and people living in poverty will not work qualitatively, if they pay pennies then there will be no zeal with diligence. And Russia’s capabilities in technology are great, the possibilities of normal government are minimal, and this is the main and big problem of the country. If it’s not enough to solve it’s a pity to expect good things. It’s a pity. How many Slavs we could do all the good and surprising, it seems the people do not care if they allow us to ruin the country.
  11. 0
    7 February 2011 19: 15
    The only industry where the Russian Federation still maintains a leading position is launch vehicles. But, this is also not for long, the USA by 2013-2014. plan to create new rocket launchers.
    +++++++++++++ ====
    The author of the Nobel Prize. He knows how to develop, design, manufacture, repeatedly test, eliminate the identified shortcomings, still experience. And only after that we can assume that a new rocket has gone. And all this in 2-3 years? Bravo! Nobel Prize in the studio!
  12. 0
    7 February 2011 19: 45
    Fedor, where does the 2-3 of the year? Work in this area has never stopped ...

    Just to spit, not thinking!

    In the United States, up to 2025, it is planned to upgrade the existing families of transitional and heavy weight classes “Atlas-5” and “Delta-4” under the EELV program.
    In 2010, the decommissioning of the Space Shuttle Space Shuttle was scheduled. The maintenance of the ISS will continue with the new Orion spacecraft, which will likely be put into operation in 2010-2012. On the basis of the Space Shuttle elements of the Space Shuttle after 2010, the appearance of a new RN-Ares-1 is expected. Output to the NOU MON weighing over 2018 t.
    As part of the program to create lightweight TKSs, the RV Falcon-1 is being developed, which is capable of outputting NO to PNN to 670 kg. The widespread use of this PH will be possible after the 2015 year.
    Disposable carriers will remain the main means of launching PN into space in the period up to 2025. The use of a new generation MTKS for this purpose is not expected before the 2025 year.
  13. SOLDIERru
    8 February 2011 09: 28
    I will not argue about specific data regarding the space industry. But no regret, the author is right in the main. Everything that the Russian Federation traditionally offers on the foreign market has been a backlog from Soviet times. And this applies to all industries.
    If you believe what I read on the Internet. Everything that the Russian aviation industry can offer (at least the military) also gradually becomes not necessary for anyone.
    About the tank industry, I can say more specifically. At UVZ, where the T-90 tank was produced, tank production was closed. After India acquired a license (sort of presented), for this tank. At the Indian factory of heavy engineering HVF (Heavy Vehicle Factory) in the city of Avadi, began the production of this combat vehicle.
    And the problem is as follows. the reserve in the scientific and industrial sphere remaining from the USSR ends. Countries that had no scientific, not industrial potential until yesterday. Today they themselves are able to develop and produce products that are not inferior and sometimes even surpass what Russia can offer.
    I repeat. It is unfortunate that the author of this article is right. But swearing without citing refuting facts is not constructive.
  14. Ruslan
    8 February 2011 18: 44
    "If only to spit, without thinking!"

    We also have something to answer. The Angara, Rus-M are being developed, the Unions are being modernized (although this is a "backlog from Soviet times"), you can look for information about the Neva and Yenisei. Although this will hardly convince you. You have pro-salifsepolymers ...
  15. drone
    8 February 2011 21: 58
    "humanoid robot Robonaut-2, already prepared and undergoing testing on the ISS"
    where did the author get such information?
    if this piece of iron has not even flown into space yet. And going to fly only on February 24. and even that can fly by.
  16. SOLDIERru
    9 February 2011 10: 32
    Well, thank God. Judging by the reviews and the sea of ​​criticism towards the author of this article, he (and I, too) will be mistaken. In Russia, scientific progress and technical re-equipment of industry are really in full swing (it is a pity not only in my hometown). And high-tech products manufactured in Russia are in wide and steady demand all over the world. It's nice that I was wrong.
  17. viktor_ui
    11 February 2011 04: 11
    I completely agree with the author of the article and in the appendage ... by
    "Are you developing an Angara - like a Russian development?"
    THIS PROJECT is 70 years old and there is no need to hang noodles on the ears.
    The simplest question is, how much time has passed when the "SOYUZAH" has changed the analog stuffing to a number ??? 3-4 years, and maybe even less. Yes, a complete ass in the industry, the old cadres have already died out, and the new ones, ideally, work for amers or drank themselves, chipped off in the bulk. And what chichas is available is a drop in the ocean. I love my country, but I'm not going to pass black as white.
  18. 0
    16 September 2012 12: 45
    Yes, the author is right. The problem is not in stupid Russians and not in super smart others. The country is systematically led to a dead end. Without investing it is impossible to get something. If the situation does not change, then you can forget about space in general.