Military Review

The Pentagon became interested in a furnace that converts waste into fuel

31
Today, the problem of utilization or neutralization of household garbage or the so-called MSW - municipal solid waste is quite acute all over the world. Various options for their beneficial use. Already by the beginning of the 1980-s, 40 mln. Tons of solid waste accumulated in Russia alone, at present this figure has grown to about 60 mln. Tons. Nowadays, the specific annual output of MSW per inhabitant in developed countries increases annually by 4-5%, and is approximately 250-700 kg. At the same time, experts believe that more than 60% of all modern municipal waste is a potential secondary raw material, which can still be profitably processed and sold. Approximately another 30% of garbage belongs to organic waste that can be recycled into compost.


The problem of complete or partial disposal of solid waste is today quite acute, first of all, it is relevant from the point of view of the negative impact of waste on the environment. Today, municipal solid waste is a rich source of various secondary resources that industry needs. These are ferrous, non-ferrous, rare and scattered metals, as well as “free” energy carrier. Modern household waste is a renewable carbon-containing raw material for fuel energy. At the same time, for any localities, the problem of utilization and recycling of garbage is primarily of environmental importance. The importance should be paid to the fact that the process of utilization of solid waste does not violate the ecological situation of the settlements, as well as the norms of functioning of the urban economy in terms of public hygiene and sanitation, as well as the living conditions of citizens in general.

Nowadays, the overwhelming mass of MSW is stored in the world in the form of landfills, specially or spontaneously organized, in the form of “landfills”. It is worth noting that this is far from the most effective way to deal with garbage, since landfills occupying vast areas of land often occupy them from fertile lands and are characterized by a high content of carbon-containing raw materials (paper, plastic, wood, polyethylene, rubber). They often burn, polluting the environment. In addition, landfills are a source of pollution of both groundwater and surface water due to their drainage by atmospheric precipitation. Modern experience of foreign countries shows us that the rational organization of the processing of municipal solid waste makes it possible to reuse up to 90% recycling products in the construction industry, for example, as aggregate for concrete.

The Pentagon became interested in a furnace that converts waste into fuel

According to information from specialized companies, which are currently implementing even relatively unpromising technologies for direct incineration of solid waste, incineration of 1000 kg. MSW will produce heat energy, which is equivalent to burning 250 kg. fuel oil. At the same time, the real savings will be much more, since the very fact of preserving primary raw materials and the costs of its production, that is, oil production and the subsequent production of fuel oil, are not taken into account.

Not surprisingly, the idea of ​​recycling solid waste into valuable fuel has been worrying the minds of scientists and engineers for more than a year. By the end of 1980 in the world, the total capacity of power plants that used MSW as fuel was more than 1200 MW, new installations were created and designed. However, a complete transition from neutralization to the disposal of solid household waste by incineration has not happened. This is due to the complexity of meeting stringent environmental requirements, due to the tightening of which many incinerators on the planet have stopped. In Russia, there was no unambiguous opinion on the issue of garbage burning at all.

Until recently, it was the serious pollution of the atmosphere by various toxic substances, the emissions of which accompanied the processing of waste, was the main drawback of this method. However, according to the publication of the New York Times, the American inventor Chris Casten and businessman Mike Hart believe that they managed to find a solution to this problem. And the military has already become interested in their new stove for recycling household waste.


A few years ago, Mike Hart worked in the former Air Force hangar, designing his own recycling system, which he called the FastOx Pathfinder. This installation has a fairly compact size - has the size of a shower and is a modification of the blast furnace. A chemical reaction takes place inside such a furnace under the influence of high temperature. In the course of this reaction, used syringes, banana skins, broken household appliances and many other human waste are melted without burning. As a result, organic gas and hydrogen are released, which can be directly used in thermal power plants or processed into diesel fuel. Mike Hart has already managed to find the first buyer for his furnace, which turned out to be the American army. The Pentagon, which is currently very dependent on fuel supplies, especially when solving combat missions, became interested in the novelty. The US Department of Defense has already placed an order for 3 million.

The California State Energy Commission also allocated 5 million dollars for the manufacture of these garbage-processing kilns in order to reimburse manufacturers for expenses that the Defense Ministry’s order does not cover. FastOx is the brainchild of the former engineers of the steelmaker Kaiser Steel, 2, and was patented by Mike Hart. “This is a modular system that allows you to place it anywhere, in order to recycle waste and immediately produce electricity. So ordinary garbage becomes a useful resource. ”

Once upon a time, Mike Hart owned a small railway company and drew attention to the fact that locomotives are capable of producing electricity. “In 2001, during a massive power outage in California, I thought about the fact that any locomotive produces 2,1 MW of power - enough to bring light to hundreds of homes,” he told reporters. In 2002, entrepreneur Mike Hart was invited to the business plan competition as a judge, and here he met the winner of the competition, Chris Kasten.


Grandpa Kastena, who worked at the plant Kaiser Steel, made a proposal to make blast furnaces more efficient due to the injection of steam and oxygen. By-products are gas and hydrogen, which have energy value. Many years later, when the Kaiser Steel factory closed, the workers were ordered to dump into the kiln all the construction waste that was formed after the demolition of the building. Then grandfather Kasten and his colleague came to the conclusion that it is possible to melt almost anything in their improved furnace, with the production of gas. However, no one hastened to use their idea then, although the free fuel was under people's feet in the literal sense of the word. Mike Hart and Chris Casten state that one ton of garbage will be enough to produce enough gas to generate 1580 kWh of electricity. This is more than enough to supply the average American home with electricity for the month of 1.

Information sources:
-http: //russian.rt.com/article/14206
-http: //alfa-spk.com/sovremennye_resheniya_po
-http: //glavmusor.ru/articles/Tverdye_bytovye_otxody_i_problemy_ix_utilizacii
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  1. fartfraer
    fartfraer 27 August 2013 08: 27
    16
    a few years ago on TV2 (local channel) they showed this technology, but scientists developed in the Russian Federation (in the Tomsk innovation center) complained about the lack of funding. Scientists argued that they fueled their cars with fuel from garbage obtained at a pilot small installation. no one cares. better Chubais will be given money for various "nano-coloshes" from 5 liter plastic bottles.
    1. Esso
      Esso 27 August 2013 09: 34
      +4
      Here is the video, Tomich himself http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tMkWeyGwh5U
      They try to cover up this matter, because if we do this, the oil industry will remain profitable, and gasoline in our country, I drive myself, I refuel at several proven gas stations in Tomsk with gasoline 95, I was at Rosneft in Novosib, so after 30 km, the sensors on the car started up, the CHECK caught fire, errors in the operation of engine sensors, the cruise control failed, came to the service of a friend, he reset, said all the rules, he got off easily, the reason is poor fuel quality!
      http://sdelanounas.ru/blogs/33795/
      http://www.vetta.tv/news/economics/22710
      http://www.magistral116.ru/articles/article4
      That's who is interested
      So the idea is very wonderful in our country there are craftsmen, so for people you can drive current with such fuel, you need to test it and at least sell it to everyone, and sell our oil reserves if necessary, until we can provide ourselves!
      1. Turik
        Turik 27 August 2013 11: 57
        +9
        Do you have trash? Then we fly to bomb you!
        1. Far East
          Far East 27 August 2013 13: 41
          +3
          Quote: Turik
          Do you have trash? Then we fly to bomb you!

          good good good laughing
        2. Aryan
          Aryan 27 August 2013 16: 37
          +1
          Now can a tippo tanker be put into his gas tank abrams? wassat
        3. 755962
          755962 27 August 2013 22: 39
          0
          Quote: Turik
          Do you have trash?

          The fourth crematorium of the Auschwitz-Birkenau camp, photograph of 1943.
      2. fartfraer
        fartfraer 27 August 2013 12: 38
        +1
        ATP for clarification, fellow countryman. It is clear that we are protecting the interests of the oil industry, although there are opportunities to earn money besides this.
    2. Andrey57
      Andrey57 27 August 2013 18: 39
      0
      No, not the same thing, ours can optionally receive gasoline, gas or diesel fuel - much cooler, they will never get money, this year they said (technology developers) that 3-5 are still years old and Russia will lose priority in in this direction, it looks like it will be so, but we will continue to drive the most expensive gasoline in the world and will pay crazy money for gas and utility bills.
      1. fartfraer
        fartfraer 27 August 2013 19: 01
        0
        well, yes, ours is cooler. "Reforming" science without stopping, but still can not ruin. Soviet scientists left a colossal groundwork for Russia. For 20 years it was not possible to destroy. Thank these people, there are not so many of them left
    3. varov14
      varov14 27 August 2013 20: 46
      +1
      Nooo, "national treasure" - Gazprom will never allow this, we will drown in trash.
  2. aud13
    aud13 27 August 2013 08: 44
    +2
    Quote: fartfraer
    a few years ago on TV2 (local channel) they showed this technology, but scientists developed in the Russian Federation (in the Tomsk innovation center) complained about the lack of funding. Scientists argued that they fueled their cars with fuel from garbage obtained at a pilot small installation. no one cares. better Chubais will be given money for various "nano-coloshes" from 5 liter plastic bottles.

    The sentence was removed from the language.
    I just want to add that in Yekaterinburg the garbage processing plant extracts, as they say, about 10-12% of useful raw materials.
    At the same time, I went to the INNOPROM exhibition in Yekaterinburg in the summer and talked with one of the comrades who produce goods from production waste, so he told me that he went to the Czech Republic to one of the processing enterprises, where he returned to production in the form of raw materials ( if you don’t lie) more than 85% of the volume of domestic waste.
    The question is, who prevents us from getting to know this experience and introducing it throughout Russia, and especially in megacities?
    1. Esso
      Esso 27 August 2013 09: 18
      0
      it’s just that none of the entrepreneurs undertakes this business, among them there is an opinion that this is not profitable, and the state is not up to it, the main thing is to keep the economy!
      1. zadorin1974
        zadorin1974 27 August 2013 19: 17
        0
        dear Esso, it’s not so simple, the problem is in our laws (deputies), well, you put the installation in place, you get the body and electricity, and where do you get it? For your beloved, we have laws that will get and buy licenses. Try to touch the garbage business - at best they’ll burn the car. We tried it and now I want autonomy but it’s very problematic and expensive
      2. dustycat
        dustycat 27 August 2013 19: 32
        +1
        Quote: Esso
        it’s just that none of the entrepreneurs undertakes this business, among them there is an opinion that this is not profitable, and the state is not up to it, the main thing is to keep the economy!

        In Kostroma, one started was a waste recycling business.
        Only it was banged - it greatly interfered with the businessmen "polygon workers" - too lowered the price for utilization of solid waste.
        In the Tambov region, another businessman started a deep processing business - he went missing - he too lowered the price of disposal of solid waste.
        In Novokuznetsk, they built a plant for the disposal of solid waste for a loan from the regional treasury - a helicopter fell with the promoters of the idea - they set a tariff of 3 rubles per sq. M. People stood on their ears. Now two more rubles are subsidized from the city treasury (not cracking at the seams of money). All are alive healthy.
  3. demon ada
    demon ada 27 August 2013 08: 46
    +2
    high-temperature decomposition of agonic and inorganic substances with the release of combustible gases.
    Like they studied at school.
    1. Mikhail3
      Mikhail3 28 August 2013 10: 11
      0
      Well yes. The "inventors" of gas-generating engines piled up. I wonder if they all filed patents for the invention of the wheel in parallel, or just some?
      Garbage collection in all countries is traditionally the niche of the most frostbitten bandits. It's a very convenient thing - and you can press the power at any time (they stop cleaning Italy about once every three years. And each time the authorities try to appease the bandits to the maximum), and “hire” workers from the homeless, paying them with what they will sort out , and "production waste" in the form of corpses with ends to dispose of ... There are many more advantages for thieves and murderers.
      But the consequence is the same - you need to spend as much money from the authorities on the introduction of technologies as possible ... but in no case introduce anything like this! Because the disappearance of smelly landfills and a streamlined recycling system puts an end to Bandyuk’s advantages. No wonder these guys have the Pentagon in their first customers. Who else can protect them? Another thing, I deeply doubt that it is generally possible to protect them. They’ll kill and bury the stoves anyway ...
  4. tilovaykrisa
    tilovaykrisa 27 August 2013 11: 10
    +1
    All Pentagon employees in this potbelly stove.
  5. Svyatoslavovich
    Svyatoslavovich 27 August 2013 11: 19
    +5
    No one will invest a penny in the development of alternative energy sources or give them a move, while oil and gas corporations rule the world.
  6. Witch
    Witch 27 August 2013 11: 58
    +3
    And you can remember the guys from Dubna, it seems, who made the tire recycling station. The output is high-quality synthetic gasoline, a lot of heat and electric energy. According to sanitary standards, you can put it near the house .... And the installation was inexpensive, something in the region of 3-5 million rubles ...
  7. gerafak
    gerafak 27 August 2013 12: 43
    +1
    In Russia, the problem of recycling is long overdue, you need to start at least by packing the garbage in different containers - metal, plastic, paper, etc. then mass-build processing plants. You probably won’t get super profits on this yet, but our descendants will be grateful to us for a cleaner planet.
  8. washi
    washi 27 August 2013 14: 39
    +1
    You can recycle all the garbage, but who will stand on the sort?
    I think that it’s useless to persuade many of you to poke around in waste.
    Where are the Greenpeace representatives? Maybe they, or Swamps will protect their native lands from garbage. A processing plant costs relatively little. There are not enough workers.
    1. fartfraer
      fartfraer 27 August 2013 19: 07
      0
      Vasya, I bet people will find out if they start production? straight away without talking. And at the current gas prices at this processing plant they will be able to set competitive salaries if they wish, otherwise they took a fashion to talk about the unwillingness of citizens to work as janitors and garbage sorters.
    2. dustycat
      dustycat 27 August 2013 19: 34
      0
      Quote: Vasya
      You can recycle all the garbage, but who will stand on the sort?
      I think that it’s useless to persuade many of you to poke around in waste.
      Where are the Greenpeace representatives? Maybe they, or Swamps will protect their native lands from garbage. A processing plant costs relatively little. There are not enough workers.

      Rummage through patents of the USSR - there will be methods and technologies for unmanned sorting of solid waste for 500 titles of descriptions alone.
  9. Dwarfik
    Dwarfik 27 August 2013 15: 03
    +4
    Kind! Sudden theme! There are many ways of processing potential recyclables: these are the above-mentioned pyrolysis of tires and the gasification of organics released from solid waste and a bunch of methods! Let's just say that standing on the sort in the current time period is not so important. Ferrous metals are distinguished by magnetic separation, I rarely see colored scrap in the trash (aluminum does not count)) We will immediately make a reservation about urban type MSW, for example, morgue hospitals and other special institutions have their own barrels and their garbage does not fall into the MSW. And so we continue about sorting. at the moment, sorting is implied mainly in 2 main groups: combustible fraction and non-combustible! Non-combustible metals include construction waste mainly, metals are described above, construction waste (apartment repair) is not in that mass fraction to significantly affect the composition of solid waste, and plants that are not very smart at separating combustible and non-combustible fractions therefore there is a line with workers for sorting today not so relevant! I do not give figures on purpose because it was a long time at the institute. There is progress on this issue and if you do not take into account the oil lobby and add a little conscious citizens, this enterprise can successfully earn! How do you remember japana when you saw garbage from the Russian Federation? - Let us buy it from you! That's it. And by the way, when gasifying the combustible part of the garbage (without moisture and ash residue)) with an oxidizer consumption coefficient less than 1), the resulting combustible gas can be successfully sent to the synthesis of so-called methanol, and this will allow some kind of substitution for gasoline with only lower heat of combustion. Prospects are good but but ....
  10. komendor
    komendor 27 August 2013 18: 09
    +1
    In Yekaterinburg, my good friends and I, as early as 97-99, tried to create such a waste recycling enterprise. Everyone found money and people, and whoever builds and works will. In short, they did not allow us to create the garbage owners themselves; it was not profitable for them. Maybe now everything has become different, but for some reason the garbage men themselves are silent that everything is so bad with them.
    1. svp67
      svp67 27 August 2013 18: 15
      +1
      Quote: komendor
      In short, we were not allowed to create the garbage owners themselves; it was not profitable for them. Maybe now everything has become different, but for some reason the garbage men themselves are silent that everything is so bad with them.
      Do not believe it - but one trustworthy person once said that the issue of incinerators suddenly in our country, as they say again, not thank God, turned from an economic into a political one ... and what he told further and honestly repeated I don’t feel like it, but if in the next couple of years the situation with this in our country does not change, then you have to believe that ...
  11. Dwarfik
    Dwarfik 27 August 2013 19: 42
    0
    Quote: Andrey57
    No, not the same thing, ours can optionally receive gasoline, gas or diesel fuel - much cooler, they will never get money, this year they said (technology developers) that 3-5 are still years old and Russia will lose priority in in this direction, it looks like it will be so, but we will continue to drive the most expensive gasoline in the world and will pay crazy money for gas and utility bills.

    Andrei, I’ll tell you as a person who studied this topic very carefully and deeply enough. So, we are not in the forefront of getting gasoline and diesel fuel better, in countries where recycling is very serious (Japan, Germany), great progress has been made in this direction for obvious reasons, and the consciousness of citizens there in the matter of separate collection of solid waste is very high, believe me. We have a lot of technologies, it’s stupid to argue, but they are in the stage of technology and small prototypes of installations. In essence, the thermal processing of solid waste always comes down to one thing - burning (gasification, pyrolysis are the main methods) of solid fuel, and this process has been studied perfectly not only with us, moreover, it was implemented on a small-scale scale (he was tormented with a dictionary))) .Not yet time for MSW, although it would be necessary to introduce quietly.
  12. postman
    postman 27 August 2013 20: 27
    +3
    Quote: author
    when the Kaiser Steel factory closed, workers were ordered dump all construction waste into the oven, which was formed after the demolition of the building. Then Kasten’s grandfather and his colleague came to the conclusion that it’s possible to re-melt in their advanced furnace almost anything - to produce gas.

    I read and wept ...
    1. like a little thing
    Quote: author
    has the size of a shower
    installation to "dump" construction waste AFTER THE BUILDING IS DEMOLED
    WRITER WRITTEN AT LEAST TIME GARBAGE AFTER DEMOCRACY OF THE BUILDING?



    (and this is after processing with a crusher at a deposit)
    I suggest an experiment: each house has a shower cabin = HOW MUCH PACKAGE OF GARBAGE WILL GO THERE?
    And the demolished buildings?
    2.
    Quote: author
    that one ton of garbage will be enough to produce gas, which is enough to generate 1580 kW / h

    and for what time?
    Vдк=1х1х2,2м= 2,2 м3

    Waste density Waste paper - 0,06-0,08 t / m3. Garbage from household premises - 0,2-0,23, estimates from the territory of the enterprise 0,7-1,2 t / m3
    Note: the density of a banana peel -DO NOT FIND
    A ton has a volume, respectively: from 16 cubic meters to 1,5m3 (Well, concrete is not taken into account, more on that later)
    VOLUME OF INSTALLATION SIGNIFICANTLY LESS THAN A SHOWER CABIN:

    it is visible that LESS than 1 m cubic
    HOW MUCH BOOKING WILL BE REQUIRED TO PROCESS 1 ton (and get 1750 sq / h)?
    16 or 3?
    What about the cycle time?
    HERE and duration and exhaust (BUT ONLY FOR PLASTIC, WITHOUT SKINS AND CONCRETE):

    3. Recycled all construction waste into combustible gas .... mdya.
    CONCRETE, Plaster, reinforcement in gas?
    eeeee with the GLUON REACTOR? We have already invented that I overslept the awarding of the Nobel Prize ...

    A banana peel ..... In order to get gas from it, the FastOx Gasifier method is not needed = COMPOSTER IS NEEDED, bacteria and TEMPERATURE (approx +30)

    So the Germans have long been receiving both biofuels and biogas on an industrial scale, from any of the islands containing fiber
    1. igordok
      igordok 27 August 2013 21: 31
      +1
      During this reaction, used syringes, banana skins, broken household appliances and many other human waste meltwithout burning.

      The melting point of the banana skin -? fool
      (t melting carbon - 3800 degrees Celsius)
      1. postman
        postman 27 August 2013 23: 06
        0
        Quote: igordok
        The melting point of the banana skin -?

        WHAT IS THE PRESSURE?
        (Thermochemical characteristics of organic compounds)
        Quote: igordok
        carbon melting point - 3800 degrees Celsius

        PRESSURE?
        THAN HEATING? (PULSE CURRENT, IN FURNACE, Microwave)?
        heating time?
        insulating medium (canadian balm and glass strips)
        highly oriented (!) HOPG graphite?

        4900 K at 5 kbar (surface layer)
        lol
  13. Dwarfik
    Dwarfik 27 August 2013 21: 54
    0
    Friends, I will dissolve melting carbon and melting banana skins, carbon does not melt, and in the working volume of the reactor the temperature is much lower than 3800 degrees Celsius, I will say so that everyone will understand - there is such a concept in the thermal processing of solid waste in a reactor - the "suspended" layer ! Why weighted? Because hot air enters from the bottom of the reactor from blowing nozzles, and the fraction of solid waste, which belongs to combustible substances (and this is plastic, food waste and other fuels), undergoes decomposition in a suspended state, and heavier fractions fall down under the action of gravity, wrote about metals above - magnetic separation from the total mass. To start the process, a certain volume of natural gas is required and after stabilization of the process it becomes completely autonomous. None of the bricks get combustible gases)) And about the melting of carbon 3800 - is it about a diamond? MSW, like any other fuel, has the following composition: C - H - S - O - WA = approximately 100% of the mass. Carbon was meant to be combustible and the reaction of its oxidation is as follows: C + O2 = CO2 with full blowing and during gasification (lack of oxygen) carbon passes from a solid state to a gaseous state, the reaction is as follows: 2C + 02 = 2CO - and this is already a combustible gas with an oxidation reaction second stage: CO + 1 / 2O2 = CO2. like confused nothing.
    1. Mature naturalist
      Mature naturalist 27 August 2013 22: 44
      0
      There is a more interesting technology: cold plasma.
      It eats "everything that burns" at the outlet of the gas, which enters the dual-fuel power generation plant.
      Efficiency in electricity up to 30%, but with a mixture of diesel fuel.
      The output is non-toxic "dust".
    2. igordok
      igordok 27 August 2013 23: 06
      0
      Quote: Dwarfik
      carbon does not melt and in the working volume of the reactor the temperature is much lower than 3800 degrees Celsius

      Everything that exists in this world has a melting point and a boiling point. Carbon melts in an oxygen-free environment (and without other oxidizing agents) at 3500-3800 temperature, depending on what it was in a previous life, soot or diamond. smile And yet, the author did not indicate the melting point of the banana skins.
      Quote: Dwarfik
      weighted layer method

      I prefer the method (I don’t know the name), when the garbage is crushed to about the size of dust and burned in the nozzle, almost like gaseous fuel.
    3. postman
      postman 27 August 2013 23: 14
      0
      Quote: Dwarfik
      Like didn’t mess up anything.

      Nothing, well, except that the combustible gas (if you do not add extra costs, AND IT IS WORTH !!!) will turn out dirty: CO2, N2, hydrogen halides, SO2 in the gaseous state, H2O in the liquid state, Bromine, Fluorine compounds, well, hydrogen cyanide etc.
      (no one claimed that carbon should be melted in banana skins (3827 degrees above))
      And what about this:
      Quote: author
      the workers were ordered to dump all the construction waste into the kiln, which was formed after the demolition of the building.

      Concrete and reinforcement, etc.
      The factory then Kaiser Steel (Kaiser steel), obviously not from the beam of the workshop were made
      1. igordok
        igordok 27 August 2013 23: 29
        +1
        Quote: Postman
        Concrete and reinforcement, etc.
        The factory then Kaiser Steel (Kaiser steel), obviously not from the beam of the workshop were made

        Well, the fittings are second-rate. And melting silicon and calcium, the main components of construction waste, is easier than a banana peel smile The melting point of their 1414 and 842 degrees, respectively.
        1. postman
          postman 28 August 2013 13: 15
          +1
          Quote: igordok
          And to melt silicon and calcium, the main components of construction waste,


          1. Banana skin9 as well as other organic matter: grass, branches) corny "rots" in a composter (in my country), in 1 week, WITHOUT ENERGY COSTS (only bacteria 1 tablespoon per 1 wheelbarrow), emitting heat about 50gC and methane
          (I do not use), the output is fertilizer
          2. The trouble is that calcium and silicon, although they are components, are NOT SEPARATED, concrete is concrete, even ground
          - Concrete in oxygen burns rather than melts
          - Concrete melting temperature 1200 ° C (burned by electric arc and oxygen spears)
          - An oxygen burner with methane is used. Melting point 1713-1728 ° С, this is how they worked in Chernobyl
          3.
          Quote: igordok
          their melting point is 1414 and 842 degrees, respectively.

          even so.
          TO GET THIS TEMPERATURE, KNOW HOW MUCH TO SPEND?
          IMHO ... a gluon reactor will be more profitable if and when it is invented.

          Written about this method of disposal of construction waste - nonsense
          It is written that the construction waste was recycled by the installation of 0,5 m3 after the demolition of the WHOLE STEEL PLANT- nonsense
          It is written that with 1 ton of garbage, it turns out 1750 kW of energy-RED, because. not written FOR WHAT TIME (and not written CONSCIOUSLY).
          mb in a year?
          why then do you need it
  14. studentmati
    studentmati 27 August 2013 22: 16
    0
    The Pentagon became interested in a furnace that converts waste into fuel

    Is that for expeditions like Iraq, Libya, Syria? Further options are possible: Iran, North Korea, Cuba, Venezuela, China, Russia ............................ ??????? ?????????????
  15. Vorkot cat
    Vorkot cat 28 August 2013 01: 55
    0
    Is the Pentagon trying to burn radioactive waste?
  16. The comment was deleted.
  17. Vorkot cat
    Vorkot cat 28 August 2013 01: 59
    0
    Or burn the "waste" from Guantanamo, like in Auschwitz?
  18. Evgeniy667b
    Evgeniy667b 28 August 2013 06: 00
    0
    Gazprom, and Lukoil didn’t go far from them, are doing very well to cope with such a task as inflicting fatal harm to the environment and the sulfur of the territory. Mr. Miller, who announced his involvement in GIS technology, is primarily concerned about his pocket, that is, a bank account. Garbage should be subjected to pyrolysis, followed by the allocation of useful components, as well as motor fuels. By the way, the use of motor fuels, in particular gasoline, is justified only for solving national problems, and not for refueling personal vehicles, which is immoral and contrary to common sense.