Military Review

The construction of nuclear icebreakers LC-60 given the green light

50
The state is going to allocate 86 billion rubles for the construction of two nuclear icebreakers LC-60 for the Northern Sea Route (NSR). Two nuclear icebreakers of this project will be built entirely at the expense of the state. In the spring of 2013 of the year, the Ministry of Finance of Russia opposed such a scheme for financing construction, which offered Rosatom to independently find 70% of the funds required for the construction of ships. As a result, the summing up of the competition for the construction of two icebreakers was delayed by 6 months.


On Wednesday, August 21, Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev signed a relevant government decree, which determines the amount of budgetary investment for building 2-x serial nuclear-powered icebreakers Ave 22220 60 MW (LK-60Я), the official website of the Russian government reports. The explanatory note to the resolution states that the amount of budget financing of the project in 2014-2020 will amount to 86,1 billion rubles. Ships must be transferred to the customer of Atomflot, a federal state unitary enterprise that is part of the Rosatom State Corporation, in 2019 and 2020, respectively.

In the spring of 2013, the Ministry of Finance of Russia proposed to make changes to the draft government decree and significantly limit the amount of budget financing of the project: for the first nuclear icebreaker - 38,9% of its total cost, and for the second icebreaker - 30%. The rest of the financing was supposed to be provided by attracting extrabudgetary sources. Among potential investors of this project, the Ministry of Finance considered companies that could use the Northern Sea Route to transport cargo.

The construction of nuclear icebreakers LC-60 given the green light
Icebreaker LC-XNUMHЯ, project

Last week, Atomflot CEO Vyacheslav Ruksha made a statement that companies that are going to work on the development of the Arctic shelf, by the year 2019-2020 may be left without sufficient icebreaking support for the NSR due to the lack of a final decision on the construction of two icebreakers on the new project LC-60Я. Ruksha hoped that the decision to build new nuclear-powered icebreakers would be made as early as September 2013 of the year, but it is already clear that 2019 is a year lost for us. According to the Atomflot Director, the first production icebreaker will be commissioned no earlier than 2020 of the year.

The competition for the construction of two icebreakers for project 22220 was announced back in January of this year, initially it was planned to be summed up by the end of February 2013, but due to the fact that the procedure for financing the project was not approved, the tender end date was postponed several times. Currently, the deadline for applications has been extended until August 28, and the results of the competition are scheduled to be announced on September 2, 2013. The main applicant for the implementation of this order is the St. Petersburg company Baltzavod, which is part of the state United Shipbuilding Corporation (USC). OSK Baltiysky Zavod-Sudostroenie LLC, a subsidiary of Baltic Shipyard LLC (all orders and personnel of the Baltzavod are transferred to it, it has a license to build icebreakers) has already submitted its application for participation in the competition for the construction of both icebreakers. It is worth noting that at present, the shipyards of this enterprise are already building the lead icebreaker of the series. At one time, the company was the only bidder for its construction and received a state order for its initial price. The construction of the first icebreaker LK-60Ya cost the Russian budget 36,9 billion rubles. This ship is planned to be delivered the fleet even before the end of 2017.

The decision to build two new nuclear icebreakers seems reasonable. Currently, the 5 of Russian nuclear icebreakers is working on the SMP. At the same time, the lifespan of the Vaygach and Taimyr low-level icebreakers ends already in 2018, and by the 2021, only one ship remains in the Russian nuclear icebreaking fleet - the 50 of the Victory Years. To ensure the uninterrupted posting of merchant ships along the routes of the Northern Sea Route, it will be necessary to lay and put into operation a new universal nuclear-powered icebreaker for the 2021 year. According to the schedule originally approved by the government, the construction of the first LC-XNUMHA icebreaker should begin on 3 on January 60, in January on the 1, an icebreaker should be laid on the slipway, and in May 2014, the icebreaker should be launched. After extensive testing, the nuclear-powered icebreaker must be handed over to Atomflot to the home port of Murmansk 2015 June 2017. The second icebreaker should start building a year after laying the first one, it is planned to lay it on the stocks of the year in November, 15, and to launch it through the year, 2019. Atomflot is to receive the December 2015 ship 3 of the year.


In recent years, Russia has repeatedly tried to declare itself as a state for which the development of the Arctic is one of its priorities. It is the presence of its own atomic icebreaking fleet that allows Russia to maintain the informal status of the main Arctic power. But in recent decades, due to global climate warming on the planet, almost all polar states began to think about how to strengthen their position in the Arctic. We decided to do this and countries that are far enough from the Far North, for example, China, which has plans to build their own icebreakers.

For this reason, the construction of new nuclear icebreakers by Russia looks quite justified. According to Yury Krupnov, who is the chairman of the supervisory board of the Institute for Demography, Migration and Regional Development, the people who insisted on building new Russian nuclear icebreakers did absolutely right. At present, the Northern Sea Route is a transport artery vital for the Russian Federation, which in no case can be passed on either to the PRC or to any other countries.

Over the past 3, the turnover of cargo on the NSR has almost doubled. However, while transportation is mainly carried out under foreign flags. Currently, there are not many Russian ice-class ships that could be used in the Arctic. However, by the year of 2016, when the construction of gas processing plants in the Ob Bay will be completed, the Russian cargo traffic should immediately increase by 16 million tons of cargo per year. By the way, this gas has already been sold for many years in advance to the states of Southeast Asia. In the future, 9 million tons of petroleum products should be added to it.


The Northern Route is continuously developing, it is not surprising that, with some observed climate warming, in the past few years, shipowners from around the world have begun to look closely at the Arctic. If new transport vessels are built that will be able to sail under the conditions of the Arctic Ocean, in the foreseeable future, the cargo traffic on the Northern Sea Route can grow tenfold. Of course, the Suez Canal, through which about 600 million tons of cargo passes annually, will not be overtaken by Russia, but the time savings that are achieved when passing from Europe to Southeast Asia through the NSR are 1,5-2 times. For some shipowners, such time savings can be crucial.

Icebreaker Project 22220 (LK-XNUMHA)

Icebreaker LC-XNUMHA The project 60 should be the most powerful and largest icebreaker in the world. Its length should be 22220 meters, width - 173,3 meters, minimum working draft - 34 meters, draft on a constructive waterline - 8,55 meters. The planned total displacement is 10,5 th. Tons. A fundamentally new two-reactor power plant of the “Rhythm-33,54” type with a capacity of 200 MW will be installed on the new icebreaker, which will replace the traditional OK-175 systems. It is reported that the new power plant will be much safer and almost 900 times smaller in size. In addition, the reactor core will be reset only once per 2 years.

It is reported that the new nuclear-powered icebreaker of the project LK-60Ya will have an increased service life (up to 40 years), as well as better ice-passing capacity (2,8-2,9 meters against 2,5 meters on old ships). The feature of the ship will be the variable draft, which will allow the use of an icebreaker in various conditions - both on the routes of the Northern Sea Route and in the mouths of polar rivers. The double ship design is a unique technical solution. A special ballast system installed on the icebreaker will allow him to change the draft from the maximum to the minimum and back. Gathering seawater in ballast tanks, the icebreaker will be able to increase its maneuverability in heavy ice conditions. During the approach to the mouths of the Siberian rivers, the atomic icebreaker will drop ballast and “float up”.

Icebreaker LC-XNUMHЯ, project

The fact that, most likely, all the new generation icebreakers will be manufactured at the Baltic Shipyard, is not an accident. According to Alexander Voznesensky, general director of Baltiysky Zavod - Shipbuilding, this enterprise is the only company in Russia that has been building ships of this class for the past 50 years. Secondly, only this enterprise is able to implement an atomic icebreaker with a capacity of 60 MW in metal without attracting capital investments. Thirdly, today only Baltiysky Zavod has an appropriate license from Rostekhnadzor for the construction of LK-60Я. The CEO also noted the fact that this very large project of the Baltic Shipyard will be able to play a very important role in the financial rehabilitation of a strategic enterprise.

It is reported that icebreakers of this type will work in the western region of the Arctic: in the Barents, Pechora and Kara seas, as well as in the shallower areas of the Gulf of Ob and on the mouths of the Yenisei. In the summer-autumn period, the LC-XNUMHA icebreakers will be operated in the eastern region of the Arctic. The icebreakers of this class will be designed to conduct ships along the NSR, provide expeditions, escort research vessels, carry out rescue operations in the Arctic, tow ships and other floating objects on clear water and in ice.

Known technical characteristics of the atomic icebreaker of project LK-XNUMHA:

Displacement standard - 23 000 t.
Length - 173,3 m;
Width - 34 m;
Height - 15,2 m;
Draft - from 8,5 to 10,5 m;
Power plant: 2 atomic reactor for 175 MW, shaft power - 60 MW;
Power unit - 81600 hp;
Maximum speed in open water - 22 knot;
The speed of the icebreaker in ice thickness up to 3 m - 2 node;
Icebreaker crew - up to 70 people;
On the ship there is the possibility of basing X-NUMX's Ka-2 helicopters;

Information sources:
-http: //www.kommersant.ru/doc/2260396
-http: //svpressa.ru/economy/article/72923
-http: //bastion-karpenko.narod.ru/LK-60.html
-http://korabley.net/news/baltijskij_zavod_postroit_novyj_ledokol_proekta_lk_60ja/2012-12-25-1344
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  1. NOMADE
    NOMADE 23 August 2013 08: 23 New
    11
    Finally! )) As long as the cock doesn’t peck (the ambitions of China to develop the north ...), we will not stir.
    Powerful colossus turns out! smile
    1. strange and pretty meaningless
      strange and pretty meaningless 23 August 2013 10: 08 New
      12
      There was also a project to re-equip "Sharks" (941 projects) for gas carriers. Poo even pointed at the audience with a pointer. Pshik - and no Sharks. They ate it. God grant that these icebreakers break the ice - and not saw the loot.
      1. ivshubarin
        ivshubarin 23 August 2013 11: 25 New
        +7
        Even Gazprom will not master the operation of atomic Sharks
        1. strange and pretty meaningless
          strange and pretty meaningless 23 August 2013 14: 17 New
          +2
          Oh well ... Severstal somehow mastered it.
    2. Argon
      Argon 23 August 2013 10: 57 New
      +4
      In general, the article evokes contradictory feelings, of course, the construction of high-tech facilities, which are nuclear icebreakers, cannot but rejoice, on the other hand, the NSR has been a kind of "talk of the tongue" with tales of "space profits" since the mid-80s. In practice, even under the Union when financing and maintenance of the route was at the proper level (and in absolute terms these are quite significant amounts) foreign carriers were in no hurry to use it. The NSR was mainly used for the needs of the national economy (in particular, metallurgy, and the supply of northern territories), often becoming a brake on development (as a "cheaper" alternative) of land infrastructure. With the collapse of the USSR, SPM turned (in fact) into a "line" of one "nornickel" plant, for one ship, an honored veteran "Sevmorput". And again, "sharks of world capital" were in a hurry to use the "short" route. And let the reader not deceive, who is able to the depths of his soul, the author's complaint that "while the transportation is carried out in about mostly under foreign flags "- these are Soviet-built ships operated outside the framework of any norms, by domestic companies, and the" flag of convenience "is an excellent means of avoiding taxes no more. Without conditional, the NSR has a significant mobilization potential for Russia, but then consider it it is necessary as one of the elements of state security, and then the mention of profitability / profitability looks somewhat frivolous (like any element of defense). Considering all of the above, the construction of icebreakers (economically very risky) looks strange (40% -state, 60% - "Rosatom ") it would be logical to attract foreign investors (the same Chinese), but this is not happening ?! In my opinion, the situation is as follows - the NSR is not negligible for the branches (more precisely, companies) resource extraction - Gazprom, Rosneft and all that is not what (after all, their taxes are the basis of the state budget), if not for the announced plans for the privatization of these companies, because in this case it turns out that the restoration of transport infrastructure in the field of coal trade hydrogen is a state matter (that is, we are with you, as taxpayers), and making a profit is the "fate" of individual companies behind which specific names are visible.
      1. old man54
        old man54 23 August 2013 20: 29 New
        +1
        Quote: Argon
        The NSR is not negligible for the resource extraction industries (more precisely, companies) - Gazprom, Rosneft, and everything else (after all, their taxes are the basis of the state budget

        Quote: Argon
        making a profit the "fate" of individual companies for which specific names are viewed.

        You "+" from me, it's a pity that 2 pieces can't be delivered! This is the whole reason for this hysteria in the media with the SMP and the construction of the LC in recent years! It's just that in other far from Arctic countries there has been a stir on this topic, the construction of their own ice-class ships, different LKs, and an obvious aim at ours !! the Arctic shelf, which scared the Kremlin public very much. That's ... laughing And if not for the West and the Chinese with the Japanese, then no one would have built nichrome. From Dudinka, food-and-drink Norilsk Nickel is transported year-round, and there probably will be enough of the 1st ALK in winter, and they will spit on the rest!
    3. ivshubarin
      ivshubarin 23 August 2013 11: 24 New
      +4
      Demand for SevMorPut went and therefore moved. China’s ambitions have overpowered one icebreaker, and we have almost 30
    4. w.ebdo.g
      w.ebdo.g 23 August 2013 12: 51 New
      +9
      Pay attention to the fact that the Central Bank is trying as much as possible to prevent ANY large and promising project in Russia.
      The president said to give money, but the Central Bank has its opinion - I will give, but 30%.
      According to the constitution (art. 75 part 3), the Central Bank does not obey the Russian authorities, and in the event of a "run over" by the president, it can complain to the international court, and according to the constitution of the Russian Federation, the decision of the international court is for us above the state decision. That's it.
      It's time to change the constitution ...
      Here again, a snag (to mine article 5 or 15) prohibits the president from changing the constitution. And in order to change it, it is necessary to adopt a law in the constitution that will allow it to be changed, but it cannot be changed ... A vicious circle. The Americans wrote.
      1. strange and pretty meaningless
        strange and pretty meaningless 23 August 2013 14: 23 New
        +1
        Quote: w.ebdo.g
        The President said to give money, but the Central Bank has its own opinion - I will give, but 30%


        Politicians are divided into three categories: "LADIES", "NOT LADIES" and "LADIES, but not you" wassat

        Quote: w.ebdo.g
        It's time to change the constitution ...
        Here again, a snag (to mine article 5 or 15) prohibits the president from changing the constitution. And in order to change it, it is necessary to adopt a law in the constitution that will allow it to be changed, but it cannot be changed ... A vicious circle. The Americans wrote.


        My friend, you’re not a phenomenon, you’re a wizard. Who is stopping the Greatest Pu to bring this issue to the referendum ... It is entirely in his powers. The whole question is in the dancer ... Do you think K. Alina ... is holding? wassat
      2. old man54
        old man54 23 August 2013 20: 19 New
        0
        Quote: w.ebdo.g
        These are the things. It's time to change the constitution ...

        it's time to change all power entirely, not cosmetic - one constitution! angry
    5. KazaK Bo
      KazaK Bo 23 August 2013 19: 09 New
      +3
      Quote: NOMADE
      Finally! )) Powerful colossus turns

      Yes ... it's high time ... but isn't the width of the icebreaker itself too small? After all, it is planned to conduct super bulk carriers and tankers along the Northern Sea Route ... will they be able to enter the fairway broken by the icebreaker?
      The decision to build two new nuclear icebreakers seems reasonable.

      But the number of ships under construction is not small - after all, the development of the shelf for hydrocarbon production ahead ... the wiring of ships with liquefied gas ... the development of the NORWAY ... and the military-strategic component of the country's defense should not be forgotten ...
      No money? What if Rusnano and Skolkovo shake? After all, the benefits of them that the cat cried ...
      1. old man54
        old man54 23 August 2013 20: 40 New
        +2
        Quote: KazaK Bo
        will they be able to enter a broken icebreaker fairway

        LK paves channel in ice, kolega, fairway is different, sorry hi
        Quote: KazaK Bo
        wiring of liquefied gas ships

        oh, it’s still necessary to live up to these times, but something tells me that if this happens there, it will not be very soon!
    6. gjv
      gjv 3 September 2015 19: 16 New
      0
      Quote: NOMADE
      Powerful colossus turns out!

      [img] http://www.wrk.ru/forums/attachment.php?item=288551&download=1 [/ img]

      [img] http://www.wrk.ru/forums/attachment.php?item=288548&download=1 [/ img]
  2. Ivan79
    Ivan79 23 August 2013 08: 52 New
    12
    Replenishment of our icebreaker fleet is expected. By the way, it is the largest in the world!
    1. Retx
      Retx 23 August 2013 11: 50 New
      +2
      More than all countries combined. And at the same time, they dare to put forward claims on our NSR, here are the knots lol
      1. KazaK Bo
        KazaK Bo 23 August 2013 19: 13 New
        0
        Quote: RETX
        More than all countries combined

        ... the icebreaker, the icebreaker is different ... in terms of number ... we are probably ahead of the rest ... and if possible, working on the NSR is not enough, however ....
        1. svp67
          svp67 23 August 2013 19: 14 New
          +3
          Quote: KazaK Bo
          ..a to their ability to work on the NSR - not enough of them, however ....
          Does anyone have more and better?
          1. APASUS
            APASUS 23 August 2013 19: 31 New
            +3
            Of course, I do not mind that the state builds icebreakers at its own expense in such an important industry as the NSR, but the question arises ..... Where is the money for piloting ships ??
            Or as with Russian Railways - there is no money, help !! Despite the fact that there is a golden jo to the jet liner for the flight .. Yakunin, the Russian Railways found the money!
        2. Basarev
          Basarev 17 November 2013 16: 53 New
          0
          But Western diesel-electric nonsense cannot even get around New Earth
  3. Zhenya
    Zhenya 23 August 2013 09: 14 New
    +2
    Icebreakers are the future, and with current plans, you can’t take a step without them at all.
    1. ale-x
      ale-x 23 August 2013 11: 33 New
      +7
      Yeah, that's just for privatization you and I will not be called (((
  4. King
    King 23 August 2013 09: 29 New
    +3
    If we want to develop the economy, it is necessary to develop transport networks, both sea and air railways and roads. it is especially necessary to develop transport of northern territories
  5. a52333
    a52333 23 August 2013 10: 04 New
    +1
    There are also ports to build and airfields. By the way, the air route from China to the USA is shorter via the north pole. You can also earn there.
    1. ivshubarin
      ivshubarin 24 August 2013 02: 41 New
      0
      The Lomonosov floating nuclear power plant will go there
  6. Russ69
    Russ69 23 August 2013 11: 16 New
    +2
    About a year ago, there was a note in some media that the icebreaking fleet of Russia, the most powerful in the world. And then plans for the construction of new nuclear powered ships began to be voiced. How the liberal party was then worn out that everything is true, the GDP just hangs noodles on the ears and indeed we don’t know how to build anything else, etc ...
    Good news, the right thing ...
  7. Veles25
    Veles25 23 August 2013 11: 38 New
    0
    what we have to do in us
  8. High speed
    High speed 23 August 2013 11: 56 New
    +1
    It looks like they are going to use it at the equator. The navigation bridge is even ventilated from below smile
  9. 311ove
    311ove 23 August 2013 12: 29 New
    +1
    As a result .......... was delayed for 6 months ..... But the question arises, if the salary fund for all officials was financed by 38% by the state, and the rest by private investors, how many investors would was found and how much would these "poor things" get ??! laughing
    1. Nick_1972
      Nick_1972 23 August 2013 12: 47 New
      +2
      And if you look at the situation from the other side. For clarity and clarity of the position of the Ministry of Finance. We are simply replacing the name "Rosatom" with RAO UES. Nothing fundamentally changes. And that and this state corporation, which should, in theory, be financed at their own expense. So, a rusty Tolik comes to VVP (LADY) and says: we need to build a couple of hydroelectric power plants. Let you finance this, and then we will effectively manage. Question: do you approve of this? I think no. I foresee the objection "Russia needs icebreakers", I answer - and power plants are not needed?
      1. 311ove
        311ove 23 August 2013 14: 09 New
        +3
        So in normal economies the state is the main strategic investor. No Tolik will independently and quickly build a modern chemical plant, a railway, a hydroelectric power station, a nuclear power plant, etc. That is why ministers are needed, or God forgive me "effective managers" in order to profitably invest state funds. money (i.e. our taxes) in the DEVELOPMENT of the economy of its state, and not only in the salary. to myself and other Tolikam. Besides, they control the further use of State (public) wealth and demand from Tolikov ..... Again, you write- / State corporations / and they are no longer state-owned? They already have their own, private account ???! In fact, rather yes ... As Karetny said, "this is the problem, my dear roots" ...
  10. Owl
    Owl 23 August 2013 12: 54 New
    +4
    It is also necessary, according to the Soviet tradition, to reserve places for the installation of defensive weapons of air defense-missile defense of the near zone and places for the "Club-K" with reconnaissance and guidance systems. The increased activity of Russia in the Arctic zone is only provoking verbal "assaults" in a few years, the "Arctic pie" may (God forbid, of course) begin to be divided differently (like oil in Libya and Iraq).
  11. Chicot 1
    Chicot 1 23 August 2013 13: 09 New
    +4
    The Arctic and its shelf should already be taken seriously and thoroughly. And not to put flags on the bottom mud, but to drill rigs (mine, not joint ones !!!). Moreover, if you need to do this under the protection of warships of the icebreaking class (the benefit is the experience of their construction) ...
    And you need to tackle this so that the world community can only nervously smoke the Virginia self-gardening aside, and no more ...
    Say that all this will cost too much? .. Yes. But stocks under the Arctic bottom are worth more. And prestige is even more expensive ...
    1. ivshubarin
      ivshubarin 23 August 2013 13: 54 New
      +4
      Quite right, stop looking west and listen to their opinion. Who used to get up and slippers.
    2. old man54
      old man54 23 August 2013 20: 43 New
      0
      Quote: Chicot 1
      The Arctic and its shelf should already be taken seriously and thoroughly.

      Right but who to take? State-woo, i.e. all of us, or private privatized "Lukoil", Gazr ", etc., eh? Now, if they, the above, as it is planned, then let the LC themselves and build for this!
      1. Chicot 1
        Chicot 1 23 August 2013 21: 34 New
        0
        Quote: old man54
        who to take?

        To the state as such. The only difficulty is that the current leaders of Russia are completely unwilling to rush and move ...
  12. pensioner
    pensioner 23 August 2013 14: 17 New
    +2
    The construction of nuclear icebreakers LC-60 given the green light
    Wow! Oh, a ride on it! North is my love. But he didn’t go further than Yamburg. But I want ... There was an opportunity to drive in Bovanenkovo, but it did not work out ...
    And the news is great! The Arctic is a storehouse of everything. From all kinds of minerals to biological resources, of which there are fewer and fewer on the planet. Already there - cutlets from artificial meat are eating.
  13. alone
    alone 23 August 2013 14: 41 New
    +1
    The explanatory note to the resolution states that the volume of budget financing of the project in 2014-2020 will amount to 86,1 billion rubles. Ships should be handed over to the customer of FSUE Atomflot, which is part of the structure of the state corporation Rosatom, in 2019 and 2020, respectively.

    Well, the fact that Russia needs icebreakers is beyond doubt. We will just make a simple calculation.
    so we take the official exchange rate as of August 23.08.2013, 86 we consider: 2,6 billion rubles = $ XNUMX billion for two icebreakers what mmm, but is it all a little expensive?
    1. Chicot 1
      Chicot 1 23 August 2013 14: 53 New
      +1
      Quote: lonely
      we will carry out a simple calculation.
      so we take the official exchange rate as of August 23.08.2013, 86 we consider: 2,6 billion rubles = $ XNUMX billion for two icebreakers ... mmm, but is all this expensive?

      Yes, not cheap. But...
      Quote: Chicot 1
      prestige is even more expensive ...
    2. KazaK Bo
      KazaK Bo 23 August 2013 19: 19 New
      +3
      Quote: lonely
      86 billion rubles = $ 2,6 billion for two icebreakers mmm, but is all this expensive?

      ... and you did not try to calculate the costs of RUSNANO ... Skolkovo? And also - look on the Internet for information on economic returns on the invested ruble ... although the profit on the ruble will be so little that ... well ... at least on the million invested in them ... How much profit they gave ... not millions and thousands ... but just at least rubles ...
    3. KazaK Bo
      KazaK Bo 23 August 2013 19: 24 New
      -1
      Quote: lonely
      rather than whether all this is expensive

      ... and what profit will these icebreakers bring !!!? And financially and in the form of prestige of the state !!! ???
      1. Chicot 1
        Chicot 1 24 August 2013 01: 07 New
        +2
        Quote: KazaK Bo
        ... and what profit will these icebreakers bring !!!? And financially and in the form of prestige of the state !!! ???

        And think carefully, Boris ... wink
        They are huge in the north, but there is practically no transport infrastructure. More precisely, it is. But very, very blurred and scattered over a huge territory. And moreover, it is completely unrelated both to each other and to the transport infrastructure of the "mainland". Well, perhaps with rare exceptions ... For example, there is no developed and integrated into the general network of railways. And not because they do not want to, but because it is practically impossible and fabulously expensive. That leaves the sea transport and aviation. But you don't get a lot of dung with aviation. Not cheap too ...
        And what have we come to. To maritime transport. And since the Arctic dictates its conditions, then, to the sea transport of ice and reinforced ice class. And icebreakers are its basis and core. They are leaders and essentially locomotives. Without them, there is nothing to do on the NSR ...
        And prestige ... It always cost more than prestige more than money ... wink
  14. Cormorants
    Cormorants 23 August 2013 14: 52 New
    +2
    Great, we need north.
  15. avia12005
    avia12005 23 August 2013 16: 43 New
    -3
    I propose to call the first icebreaker of this series "Dmitry Medvedev". Who agrees?
    1. alone
      alone 23 August 2013 18: 34 New
      +4
      wassat What did this icebreaker not please you, what do you propose to call it that?
      1. avia12005
        avia12005 23 August 2013 21: 12 New
        -3
        As the ship you call, so will float. So, it will float far and successfully !!! soldier
    2. KazaK Bo
      KazaK Bo 23 August 2013 19: 27 New
      +3
      Quote: avia12005
      I propose to call the first icebreaker of this series "Dmitry Medvedev". Who agrees?

      ... then call your icebreaker by the name KRAVCHUK or YUSHCHENKO !!!! ...
      And both after that - to the dray of the same icebreaker ... Deserved!
      1. avia12005
        avia12005 23 August 2013 21: 15 New
        +2
        Better "Three Heroes"
    3. old man54
      old man54 23 August 2013 20: 49 New
      +6
      Quote: avia12005
      I propose to call the first icebreaker of this series "Dmitry Medvedev". Who agrees?

      no, "Dmitry Medvedev" it is necessary to call the old decommissioned barge, designed to work out the tasks of the Navy in shelling the NC. How do you like that? wink laughing
      1. avia12005
        avia12005 23 August 2013 21: 13 New
        +1
        Fine. Fits request
  16. ivshubarin
    ivshubarin 23 August 2013 17: 38 New
    +1
    Chernomyrdin's icebreaker is already being built
  17. Sirs
    Sirs 23 August 2013 18: 14 New
    +1
    Oh oh they don’t screw it up, we start for health, we finish for peace.
    1. Apollo
      Apollo 23 August 2013 19: 46 New
      +6
      quote-Icebreaker LC-60 The 22220 project is to become the most powerful and largest icebreaker in the whole world.

      stock footage in the topic

      1. Basarev
        Basarev 17 November 2013 17: 01 New
        0
        And it’s ideal for demonstrating the flag - let everyone see who is the boss in the Arctic!
  18. Vtel
    Vtel 23 August 2013 20: 51 New
    +3
    Yes, a cool ice ax, it's time to lower it from the slipways.
  19. Bersaglieri
    Bersaglieri 23 August 2013 22: 39 New
    +1
    Quote: a52333
    There are also ports to build and airfields. By the way, the air route from China to the USA is shorter via the north pole. You can also earn there.

    They have been making money for 15 years already. The only question is "Who?" ....
  20. Corsair
    Corsair 23 August 2013 23: 04 New
    +3
    An interesting solution to the "closed" icebreaker tank (so that blocks of ice do not "fill up"?)
    1. old man54
      old man54 23 August 2013 23: 19 New
      +2
      Quote: Corsair
      An interesting solution to the "closed" icebreaker tank (so that blocks of ice do not "fill up"?)

      No, I think there is a hangar there. Then a crane is nearby. hi
      1. Argon
        Argon 24 August 2013 00: 26 New
        +1
        The peculiarities of the theory of the icebreaker are such that in order to solve its immediate tasks, it is necessary to go for some deterioration in other seaworthiness (in this case, propulsion), i.e. - "the nose is heavy on the wave, it buries itself" - and in order to reduce the flooding of the deck (to reduce free displacement fluctuations, the water received (on the deck of the tank, during a storm) has a significant mass, such a "breakout" shield is installed. A similar solution is used on small container ships of the "Koster" type, but there speed is sacrificed for speed.
      2. Basarev
        Basarev 17 November 2013 17: 02 New
        0
        The hovercraft is in the hangar!
  21. old man54
    old man54 23 August 2013 23: 08 New
    +4
    The article seems to be positive, but ... "+" did not deliver. The active treatment of the public about the construction of the ALK in the country is suspicious. 2 weeks ago there was already one such article here.
    Quote: author
    The peculiarity of the ship will be a variable draft, which will allow the icebreaker to be used in various conditions - both on the NSR routes and in the mouths of the polar rivers.

    Quote: author
    Gathering sea water into ballast tanks, the icebreaker will be able to increase its patency in severe ice conditions. During the approach to the mouths of the Siberian rivers, an atomic icebreaker will drop ballast and “float”.

    In general, this, as it were, to put it mildly, is a lie and falsification!
    Since Soviet times, the ALC, if desired, could easily go into the mouths of the Great Siberian rivers, the Lena and the Yenisei, for example! Previously, they regularly went to Yenisei in the winter, to Dudinka, because the ice on the Yenisei itself is not much weaker in winter than in the Arctic itself. Because navigation on the Yenisei all year round, products of the Norilsk Combine should be delivered to customers uninterrupted! And then LC no system "variable draft" it was not necessary.
    They did not enter Lena, because there was no need. ALK will not enter the Ob even in the presence of a "variable draft" system, because just downstream of Salekhard there is a difficult-to-pass bar, where even at the peak of summer navigation the depths are not more than 3 meters.
    Question: Why then fence a vegetable garden and create a complex system for reducing precipitation for the ALK, if it "flies" into the Yenisei and Lena just like that (there are more than 15 meters of depth in the fairway at the mouth), and it will never go to the Ob, even in summer ??
    Response: but because it was originally intended to be used primarily on the shelf of the Arctic, where LC had never before visited, for servicing Arctic offshore drilling platforms !! And only under this they are laid, in a hurry, not for "river passage"!
    But... private oil companies, such as Lukoil, Gazprom, Mobil, and others, will definitely develop the Arctic shelf. American company!
    Those. ALK will be built at the expense of the state, which is specifically stated in the article, i.e. at our expense - the taxpayer, and they will be operated purely in the interests of private oil and gas companies. And let some naive members of the forum not be lulled by the fact that a number of kompaniy rossiyiskih. Everyone, including Gazprom, will "privatized" in the near future, which means that the profit will go into a private pocket! Isn’t it strange in this regard, the decision of the government to build an ALK at the expense of the taxpayer, and gentlemen? laughing
  22. shurup
    shurup 23 August 2013 23: 46 New
    +1
    If construction begins and extrabudgetary interests are not available, the Ministry of Finance will have to pay the entire amount of the construction of at least one ALK.
    Therefore, the Ministry of Finance and rests, and possible interests - grin.
    But there is one that can easily lay out the entire amount for the construction of two Russian ALKs, but with the conditions. China, however.
  23. Alexey T. (Oper)
    Alexey T. (Oper) 16 June 2016 15: 46 New
    0
    Today at 11:15 am the icebreaker "Arktika" left the slipway.

    Was a witness of this fantastic spectacle in its enchanting spectacle. Moreover, it was said about the fantastic and enchanting without any pathos. When a steel hulk drove past me, literally 10 meters away (midship height 15,2 m, 173 m length, 34 m midship width) as high as a five-story building, there was no limit to delight. I myself did not expect such a reaction from myself - 45 years, but yelled "Hurray!" like a kid. smile