Military Review

Airships have returned to Russia

33
In Russia, the presentation of the first in the country "airship" took place. She passed 8 August 2013 year in the city of Kirzhach, located on the territory of the Vladimir region. Here “Avgur Aeronautical Center” presented a Russian-made airship AU-30. Modern Russian airships are planned to be used for the transportation of goods, solutions for technical work, for tourist purposes. At the same time, the project leaders promise that, despite the fact that basically the vehicles will be supplied to the military, they will be able to generate income. The first commercial contracts for airships AU-30 "Augur" plans to conclude in September this year.


The aeronautical base in the city of Kirzhach began a new life. Created at the beginning of the century, it could not survive the 2008 financial crisis of the year. The machinery located here suffered from vandals and eventually became inoperable. However, now the specialists of the Avgur Aeronautical Center again restored the base, as well as one of the airships AU-30. The plans of "Augur" - the organization of the test and experimental units. It is assumed that they will be needed to put into practice the next rather large project of the company - the creation of the Atlant multi-purpose airship. It is planned that Avgur itself will be able to train technical specialists and pilots, of whom there are very few in Russia at present. The second airship AU-30, which is currently inoperative in the hangar, will be restored and will be used to test components and assemblies of the new airship "Atlas".

According to representatives of the Russian company, the airship AU-30 today meets all the latest requirements of the airship. The airship is quite economical to operate, given the use of expensive helium: firstly, it flies without the consumption of lift gas, secondly, the natural leakage of helium is minimal, its shell is made of composite material. AU-30 can perform a vertical take-off, and the navigation equipment installed on the airship ensures its round-the-clock operation.

Airships have returned to Russia

It is assumed that the airships AU-30 can be used for technical monitoring, patrolling the area, taking photos and video and for tourism purposes, the implementation of rescue operations. Elite tourism should be another area of ​​use of the airship. A representative of the Augur company noted that, of course, we are ready to revive dirigible tourism: these are unique sensations, a unique experience. He also noted that airship tourism will remain entertainment for wealthy citizens. According to the company, in order for the business to pay off, a one-hour flight on the airship will cost 400 euros to the tourist, provided that there is some kind of advertisement on board the airship.

In the design of the new Russian airship AU-30, the basic concepts of modern airship construction were implemented - this is a flight without spending lifting gas, the ability to take off and land both vertically and with a shortened takeoff run, use of modern propeller equipment in the vertical plane . Its shell was made of modern fabric-film material.

The airship AU-30 can rightly be attributed to the airships of the new generation. Flight navigation equipment installed on it allows you to make long flights at any time, day or night, in the most comfortable conditions for the crew of the airship. The unique system of automatic piloting installed on it allows to pass with high accuracy along predetermined routes. Cost-effective power plant and a large supply of fuel allow you to make long-range flights.


Due to the possibility of using such piloting methods as reverse, “raznotag” of engines and a change in thrust vector in a wide range, the airship was provided with a very high degree of control at low flight speeds. The layout and size of the gondola allows, depending on the purpose of the airship, to release it in a variety of versions - passenger; patrol, with the possibility of placing on board a wide range of equipment that allows you to solve problems in all types of aerial photography and video, security and monitoring of public events, minerals and other objects of interest to the customer; with VIP lounge for elite tourism. Currently, the certification of the aircraft in accordance with international and Russian requirements for aircraft of this class is underway at high rates. Already, AU-30 has a fairly large circle of customers, and there is no doubt that new opportunities will open up for it in the future.

Airship AU-30 for work and leisure

According to Mikhail Talesnikov, Commercial Director of Avgur Aeronautical Center CJSC, the first contracts with commercial customers of the airship can be concluded in September 2013. “We cooperate quite closely with many administrations of the northern regions of the country, but the Yakutian administration is most interested in the airship. We wanted to deploy aviation center near Yakutsk and carry out a wide range of work there: technical monitoring of vast territories, exploration, ”Talesnikov shared his plans.

According to Mikhail Talesnikov, the AU-30 airship fits much better than the helicopter for the above purposes. As an example, he cited the monitoring of power lines. Today in Russia more than 100 thousand kilometers of power lines. Their status must be monitored by 150 various parameters. To do this, use a laser scanner and a set of sensors. These devices function poorly with high vibration, which creates a helicopter flying at low speed. In addition, these works are very often carried out with the use of the Mi-8 helicopter, which is not particularly fuel-efficient and environmentally friendly: the airship AU-30 burns 20 times less fuel. “Today it is done on a Mi-8 helicopter that burns 800 kg of fuel per hour. We burn the entire 40 kg of fuel to perform the same work. We fly slowly and without vibration. In this regard, the airship is the ideal carrier, ”said Talesnikov. According to him, AU-30 is excellent for work in the northern regions of Russia: the airship is certified for flying at temperatures up to -40 degrees and can be refueled with ordinary motor gasoline.


The second application of airships AU-30 may well be an elite tourism. At the same time, the company emphasizes that, on the one hand, such use of airships is less beneficial for Avgur; on the other hand, airship tourism will continue to be entertainment for the wealthy public. It is planned that the AU-30 will be able to fly, for example, over the “Golden Ring” - while the flight speed will be in the range from 60 to 100 km / h, depending on the wind direction. At the same time, the president of the Augur company, Gennady Verba, believes that the use of the airship as a regular transport is not practical - the AU-30 airship is able to take on all 8 people.

However, all plans for a brighter future so far rest on the lack of necessary certificates from the company. It is assumed that the entire package of necessary documents will be available in the coming year. During this time, the company must obtain a certificate of the MAC and validate it in EASA. After that, it will be possible to begin deliveries of AU-30 airships abroad. According to Mikhail Talesnikov, several dozen customers from abroad were already interested in the products of the Augur company. In total in the world, according to his estimates, the need for airships of this class is estimated at 200 units. Only in Russia may be required to 100 such airships. With such a need, the company will be able to enter the production of 10-12 airships annually. According to Talesnikov, already now “Augur” is able to produce 4-5 airships per year, the cost of the airship AU-30 begins with a mark in 3 million dollars and may vary depending on the configuration.

In the future, the company is going to go through an IPO.

The next major project of the Avgur company is the development of the Atlant airship, which should become an economical, roomy transport airship capable of carrying various cargoes over long distances. It is reported that, depending on the modification, Atlant will be able to lift up to 250 tons of cargo into the air, transporting it over a distance of up to 5 thousand km. The creators of the airship say that this unit will combine the best qualities of the aircraft, helicopter, airship and even a hovercraft. And among other things, he will be able to take off and land from any surface, even with water. According to Augur representatives, the payback of Atlanta will be possible through 4-7 years after its acquisition and will depend on the type of work and the airship loading.


This project is funded by the Skolkovo Innovation Fund. At the stage of creating a prototype of the Atlas airship, where this program is now located, the foundation finances 75% of works, another 25% of works is financed by a co-investor. At the stage of creating the Atlanta pilot design, the share of the Skolkovo Foundation will be 50% financing.

The Russian company has very serious plans for the Atlant airship — after the implementation of this project, the company intends to enter an IPO. “Everything we are doing now is tied to commerce. Firstly, we cannot afford not to earn money, since we are business people. Secondly, we want to be useful, ”notes Mikhail Talesnikov. However, according to Talesnikov, the project of the Atlant airship will be implemented no earlier than in 4 of the year. In the meantime, the company intends to seriously engage in the commercialization of its finished project - AU-30.

Flight specifications of the Au-30 airship:

The volume of the shell of the airship: 5065 m3.
Length: 55,0 m.
Diameter: 13,5 m.
Maximum take-off weight of the airship: 4850 kg.
Payload mass: 1400 kg.
Maximum flight speed: 110 km / h, cruising speed: 80 km / h
Powerplant: 2 engine Scrap-Prague M332С, power 2х170 hp
Flight time at maximum speed: 5 h.
Maximum flight duration: 24 h.
Distance range: 3000 km.
Flight altitude: up to 1500 m.
Maximum flight height: 2500 m.
Airship capacity: 8 man
Crew: up to 2 people.
Starting team: 4-6 people.

Information sources:
-http: //www.aviaport.ru/news/2013/08/09/261240.html
-http: //rosaerosystems.ru/airships/obj676
-http: //telegraf.com.ua/tehnologii/713916-voennyie-vozmut-na-vooruzhenie-dirizhabli-video.html
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  1. strange and pretty meaningless
    strange and pretty meaningless 15 August 2013 08: 14 New
    +7
    Auf ... Very good news. It’s time to launch a series of Cepellins into our vast airy expanses. How many copies are broken. Airships, ekranoplanes, suborbital liners, string tracks, nuclear trains - these are the connecting threads for a huge country.
    1. MAG
      MAG 15 August 2013 19: 00 New
      +2
      I watched the broadcast about this miracle and upset you. A commercial project is not enough money while they are being certified, and since this is the first airship, they don’t know how to certify it. Create a draft cargo and passenger ship, but only so far on the computer.
      1. Su-9
        Su-9 15 August 2013 21: 08 New
        +2
        It is doubtful that the exploitation of this miracle would be economical. Central Russian climate - and even more so.
        So offhand:
        1) Power lines can be patrolled on a light aircraft, here the Mi-8 is useless. On the plane it will also be faster.
        And to plant this colossus somewhere in the thaw among trees, how? If you need to fly in to fix something, then again by helicopter and it is faster and easier to board.
        2) elite tourism - it’s generally difficult to comment. Carry oligarchs with girls and a bed all over the cabin? Oh well.
        3) with a fair wind, the characteristics of the airship fall by an order of magnitude. If it has a cruising speed of 80km / h, then when the headwind is 10m / s (which is not a very strong wind), how much will it be? 40 km / h? Again, well. Plus, lateral gusty wind also probably affects not weakly.
        4) plus in the wind you can’t plant this tub normally.
        5) How does it fly in the rain, snow, hail? With a working ceiling of 1.5 km?
        6) And who will build such hangars and how many are needed? In Siberia?
        7) And who will carry the helium there, someone thought?
        I believe that the idea is interesting and beautiful, but it does not have an economic component. Of particular interest are comments about the huge interest from abroad. How many I did not search, except for advertising airships I did not find anything that would fly.
        1. Patchito
          Patchito 15 August 2013 22: 47 New
          +1
          This is actually quite arguable. As an apparatus for cargo and passenger transportation, the airship is, of course, an economic corpse. But monitoring and using it as a flying laboratory or a platform for testing various equipment is a quite demanded direction. There are tasks within which an apparatus is needed with a relatively low speed relative to the object of observation, or with a low level of vibration, or with the possibility of hovering over a given point. If the helicopter can still cope with the first and third, then with the vibrations of the turntables everything is bad. And the cost of one flight hour of a helicopter, if it is not a short-term flight, is much higher than these bubbles with a motor.
          Quote: Su-9
          Plus, in the wind, this tub can’t be planted normally.
          the wind is different. In case of a hurricane, you won’t normally land an airplane. At 10 m / s wind, a mooring team of 10-12 people solves this problem.

          Quote: Su-9
          How is it flying in the rain, snow, hail?
          flies normally. Rain and hail have almost no effect on the flight. Wet snow, of course, can be a problem, but as far as I know, it is solved by heating the carrier gas from the engine cooling system.

          Quote: Su-9
          And who will build such hangars and how many are needed?

          If the shell is blown off and the screws are removed, then this whole air wafer will fit in the cargo wagon. What hangars are you talking about? The gondola is done separately, the shell is separate, everything is assembled in any more or less spacious room. Of course, it is desirable to check the casing for leaks in the room, but this is not so big. And with prolonged use, when the shell is not blown off, it is quite possible to keep the device in an open area moored to the ground or mast.


          Quote: Su-9
          And who will carry the helium there, someone thought?

          helium is not such a scarce commodity, by the way.


          Quote: Su-9
          Of particular interest are comments about the huge interest from abroad.

          I readily believe in the possibility of such an interest, at least from the Chinese. In addition, the supply in this market is still very small. Zeppelins make machines, so they are seized like hot cakes
        2. SALLAK
          SALLAK 8 March 2015 23: 42 New
          0
          No need to measure all the airships for this baby. He has the worst performance among the family. The calculation can only be done after making a normal heavyweight with a load capacity of one hundred tons. And if the points:
          1) The plane does not fit too quickly and clumsily ...
          2) The price is too high due to the performance characteristics of this model, actually around 100 cu
          3) Again, the performance characteristics of this model.
          4) It is not necessary to plant it except for the moments of maintenance or repair. And so they build a mooring mast and nothing more.
          5) Precipitation him to the bulb. By instruments can go perfectly.
          6) Hangars are needed only at repair bases ... and building them is not so difficult, there is no need to exaggerate.
          7) Well, why excuse helium? The installation can be placed in place.
          So the whole question is only in the construction of a real heavy.
          1. AlexGU
            AlexGU 4 July 2015 12: 22 New
            0
            Quote: SALLAK
            ... Calculation can only be done after making a normal heavyweight with a load capacity of one hundred tons. And if the points:
            .
            So the whole question is only in the construction of a real heavy.


            Yes, the entire range of air cargo capacities and altitudes is competitive with airships ...

            And low speeds ...
            ... with a competent creative approach ...
    2. VAF
      VAF 15 August 2013 19: 29 New
      -3
      Quote: abyrvalg
      Auf ... Very good news.


      According to my friend, Experienced .. BUGA-GA and ".. I’m laughing .. I can’t" ... the news .. m .. five .. again pokatushki-zasyrushki ??? then Hummingbird, now Jabs ????? And all the commerce. And give me denezhek budgetary. So we are not that .. do you own ??? they are ... several Forks in the Canaries or in Monte Carlo wassat

      From the news they ... "piss" in awe .... fool

      Here's the NEWS about Airships .. read and see ... don't choke !!!! Do not be offended for being rude. But the site has not become .. a booth with a kindergarten am

      The US Army and Air Force successfully intercepted an anti-ship missile (RCC) using a detection system located on board a JLENS balloon, ASDNews reports on August 8.

      JLENS (Joint Land Attack Cruise Missile Defense Elevated Netted Sensor System - remote ballistic sensor system of protection against cruise missiles - approx. “VP”) is an affordable, powerful and reliable system for horizontal detection of targets integrated into the radar network of various types.

      According to Dave Gulla, vice president of Raytheon's Global Integrated Sensors Division, the JLENS system will provide the military with a new way to protect U.S. Navy ships and their allies, as well as maritime communications from RCC attacks.

      During the test, which took place on July 17, the aerostat detected and accompanied RCC, and through Link 16 transmitted data for target designation to the F-15E fighter, which, in turn, launched the AIM-120C7 AMRAAM air-to-air missile, successfully hit the target. It is reported that this test will provide new opportunities for creating a system for protecting ships and ground objects from cruise missiles of various types.

      1. strange and pretty meaningless
        strange and pretty meaningless 16 August 2013 02: 57 New
        +2
        Quote: vaf
        Do not be offended for being rude. But the site has not become .. a booth with a kindergarten

        Yes, I'm not touchy. And that farce is YES ... Interestingly, there are a lot of pro-pin-up-time jesters in uniform ... Kakbe specialists. Kakbe large.

        Wafik-jan, I’ll tell you one clever thing, but don’t be offended. If you are so stimulated by the lower bosix of this Amerian prodigy - mentally attach it to the LOCAL “cow”. Everything will be fine. Do not be guilty. hi
        1. ICT
          ICT 16 August 2013 08: 06 New
          +1
          Quote: abyrvalg
          If the bottom stimulates you like that

          if we discard the transition to personalities, then in this BIG there is just the very tsimus, and the gandons then also have one (or were?), but with a different problem.

          but this is all a bit from a different topic, about balloons, but here it’s still an airship.
          1. strange and pretty meaningless
            strange and pretty meaningless 16 August 2013 11: 58 New
            +3
            Quote: TIT
            and the gundons then we also have (or were?)

            laughingYes there is, there is ... The same Avgur office offers radar balloons:
            PAK Puma was developed as a carrier of early warning radars, with its help round-the-clock radar surveillance is carried out at an altitude of 2-5 km for 25 days without landing.
            PAC "Puma" is intended for:
            • effective control of the territory with a radius of up to 300 km;
            • detection and tracking of air targets within a radius of 350 km;
            • electronic intelligence and electronic warfare;
            • communication and relaying;
            • early recognition of low-flying targets


            Here is a photo:
          2. strange and pretty meaningless
            strange and pretty meaningless 16 August 2013 12: 04 New
            +2
            As you can see, the balloon looks very much like the advanced Yusovsky, which the local air marshal has fallen for. I won’t be too surprised if their roostat is made here.

            So far, we have ordered such products for the state:
            1. ICT
              ICT 16 August 2013 14: 39 New
              0
              Quote: abyrvalg
              if their erostat is made


              and this one can be tempered too lol
  2. Iraclius
    Iraclius 15 August 2013 08: 39 New
    +1
    Transportation of bulky goods, aerial cranes, long-term air patrols and aerial photography ... These are just some of the tasks that can be successfully assigned to airships. Taking into account modern technologies, Count Zeppelin’s products will look like stone axes. Good luck in developing unique domestic cars!
  3. Patchito
    Patchito 15 August 2013 08: 59 New
    +7
    The article resembles the standard Augur brochure. At one time I saw a lot of them. All the advantages described in the article are indispensable attributes of a modern airship, without which it simply will not receive a certificate of airworthiness.
    But all the same, I wish Augur good luck in restoring the reputation of airships in Russia, which he himself, unfortunately, successfully tarnished several times.
  4. Ivan79
    Ivan79 15 August 2013 09: 52 New
    0
    Actually, if you build transport versions, why not? Lifting capacity and economy are at the forefront, rather than speed.
  5. biglow
    biglow 15 August 2013 10: 00 New
    0
    a good start ...
    1. Starina_hank
      Starina_hank 15 August 2013 17: 38 New
      0
      Actually, the beginning was laid about 70 years ago, before the war the airships in the USSR were built almost on a massive scale, even by Komsomol organizations. And they certainly cost not 3 lyama greenery! The use of barrage balloons is a good example. Our new is the well-forgotten old. And the airship for 8 seats does not cause much enthusiasm, one hope that this is only the beginning.
  6. Helgus
    Helgus 15 August 2013 10: 21 New
    0
    Glad! From the bottom of my heart, for people who still sold the topic of airships, there should be an alternative to airplanes and helicopters in such a vast territory. And apparently training of air pilots will be much reduced! This action will give an impetus to the development of many industries. Good luck!
  7. Nikitin
    Nikitin 15 August 2013 10: 45 New
    +2
    And they still do not fly against the wind!
    1. aviamed90
      aviamed90 15 August 2013 17: 48 New
      0
      Nikitin

      And this depends on the thrust of the engines and the speed of the headwind.
      But in general - yes! There is a problem.
  8. Molotov
    Molotov 15 August 2013 11: 51 New
    0
    reminded of sausage))) or paste in a similar package))) mmm)) tasty)
  9. royk
    royk 15 August 2013 12: 08 New
    0
    Surprised that the screws are located very close to the cab. This in two ways is at least not justified.
    1) Noise
    2) Review.
    Dimensions allow you to carry them far back.
    1. Taoist
      Taoist 15 August 2013 13: 28 New
      +2
      The screws are located in the center of mass to increase maneuverability and eliminate traction imbalance. It's all in the mind.
  10. The comment was deleted.
  11. royk
    royk 15 August 2013 12: 12 New
    0
    Give the airship! )))
  12. Taoist
    Taoist 15 August 2013 13: 24 New
    +1
    In general, of course, you need to move towards the shell of solar panels ... And then the duration of the flight will be limited only by the endurance of the crew. It is a pity ECIP buried with SAZ ...
  13. Evgeniy46
    Evgeniy46 15 August 2013 13: 41 New
    0
    Interestingly, if you create an airship that can carry everything you need for an AWACS? How profitable will it be?
  14. The comment was deleted.
  15. crambol
    crambol 15 August 2013 16: 00 New
    0
    Quote: Eugene46
    But if you create an airship that can carry everything you need for an AWACS?

    It seems to me that this, unfortunately, is unlikely. Very high winds plus strong winds at altitude plus low speed impose great restrictions.
  16. nod739
    nod739 15 August 2013 17: 43 New
    0
    good news, no doubt

    the price in 3 million dollars is just surprising ... something you don’t see equipment for 100 million rubles (gondola. helium, two engines for 170 mares, control system, navigation, salon ...)
    maybe it meant that this prototype cost so much?
    On the off, a simple balloon on 200-250 kg costs less than a million rubles, along with a burner
    Private 2-4x local helicopters cost from 300-400 thousand green, even million
    last year, it was somehow on the news that the Chinese bought the updated Yak-40, and the unit price was less than 5 million green, but it’s still an airplane that can deliver 3 a dozen passengers on 5 thousand kilometers
    1. ICT
      ICT 15 August 2013 18: 51 New
      0
      Quote: nod739
      the price in 3 million dollars is just surprising ... something you don’t see equipment for 100 million rubles (gondola. helium, two engines for 170 mares, control system, navigation, salon ...)
      maybe it meant that this prototype cost so much?
      On the off, a simple balloon on 200-250 kg costs less than a million rubles, along with a burner
      Private 2-4x local helicopters cost from 300-400 thousand green, even million
      last year, it was somehow on the news that the Chinese bought the updated Yak-40, and the unit price was less than 5 million green, but it’s still an airplane that can deliver 3 a dozen passengers on 5 thousand kilometers



      but I'm more interested in the question all the same "they will be able to generate income. "? If everything is so good, then let them make two and put them on some kind of hard-to-reach line, well, for example, Krasnoyarsk --- Khatanga (it is profitable to transport potatoes to IL-76 along this route)
  17. Enot-poloskun
    Enot-poloskun 15 August 2013 19: 17 New
    0
    Airships are good!

    Environmentally friendly aircraft.
    1. ICT
      ICT 15 August 2013 20: 30 New
      0
      Quote: Enot-poloskun
      Ecologicaly clean


      in short, this is a fallacy
  18. Apollo
    Apollo 15 August 2013 19: 17 New
    +2
    citation-In Russia, the presentation of the country's first “airshipledrom” took place. It took place on August 8 2013 of the year in the city of Kirzhach, located in the Vladimir region. Here, Avgur Aeronautical Center presented the Russian-made airship AU-30

    video on a given topic



  19. alex-cn
    alex-cn 15 August 2013 19: 36 New
    +1
    and in Yekaterinburg the hull of the berth for airships built in the 30s is still preserved, though now it is in the center of the microdistrict .... they begin to remember about airships every 30 years and every time it bends - why
  20. USNik
    USNik 17 August 2013 09: 46 New
    0
    the price of 3 million is clearly overpriced, an excellent matching 1-engine Eurocopter costs 3.1 million ye. and where does this modern airship have rotary propellers?
  21. lazy
    lazy 20 August 2013 17: 01 New
    +1
    Already there is a lot of development of ideas in airship building, and we are all offered airships by the Umberto Nobile (except helium), Tsiolkovsky offered an all-metal airship whose lift was changed due to a change in volume (like a swimming bladder in fish), in the 80s I read about a thermo airship (change in lift strength due to gas temperature), finally there was an interesting project with zero "buoyancy" due to the shape (flying wing), and engine thrust, in short it does not carry anything new, and does not help the development of airship
  22. Basarev
    Basarev 1 October 2013 10: 49 New
    +1
    In general, this is all pampering. Here would be to build a nuclear-powered vacuum airship with a volume of half a million cubes - this will be the case!
    1. AlexGU
      AlexGU 4 July 2015 12: 35 New
      0
      Quote: Basarev
      In general, this is all pampering. Here would be to build a nuclear-powered vacuum airship with a volume of half a million cubes - this will be the case!


      Pampering dream of nuclear for half a million ...

      I can already build a vacuum, this is the case, but the main thing is the price kg / km (h) / hour ...