Military Review

Export of Ukrainian weapons: 2012 results of the year

24



According to information posted on one of the specialized Internet resources, Ukraine continues to hold high positions in the export of weapons and military equipment. In 2012, the country ranked fourth among the major exporters weapons in the world. These data were published by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. Recall that in previous years, Ukraine was not even among the top ten exporters of weapons, occupying 11-12 places in the overall rating and providing only two percent of world exports. According to Nikolai Sungurovsky, director of military programs at the Razumkov Center, such a sharp and significant increase occurred, apparently due to a contract with China, according to which the Ukrainian side pledged to deliver air cushion ships to it. So, in particular, in April 2013 of the year, the first landing ship “Zubr” was sent to China. The second ship of the same class will be sent to the destination until the end of the year.

In total, supply volumes were estimated at 1,34 billion dollars, while the state concern Ukrspetsexport announced the lower amount of 300 million dollars. According to Sungurovsky, the presence of a difference in the volume of state and independent assessments is surprising in itself, since official sources, as a rule, bring larger sums than independent sources. This is due to the fact that international experts do not take into account the majority of components, light weapons and small arms.

Meanwhile, among the largest buyers of Ukrainian small arms were named the United States of America, Germany, Canada, Chad and Sudan. Thus, according to official information, more than 90 thousands of carbines and rifles were delivered to the USA, about 29 thousands of pistols, revolvers, carbines and rifles were delivered to Germany. Sudan received 22 thousands of carbines and rifles, Chad - 15 thousands of weapons and 11 thousands ended up in Canada.

According to Sergey Zgurts, an expert at the Center for Army Studies, Disarmament and Conversion, America, along with Germany, are the main purchasers of small rare weapons.

It should be noted that these countries and previously engaged in buying small arms from Ukraine. So, in particular, only in 2011, America bought more than 143 thousands of weapons (carbines and rifles), and Germany - about 53 thousands of units of the same weapon.

As for the export of Ukrainian armored vehicles, its main buyers are African states, Southeast Asian states and Iraq. So, in particular, according to the results of contracts concluded earlier, about 100 were sent to Ethiopia tanks T-72 (recall, the contract for the supply of tanks was signed in 2011). More than 60 BTR-3E1 armored personnel carriers were sent to Thailand, 11 various modifications of the BTR-80 armored personnel carrier, 48 modifications of the BTR-4 armored personnel carrier arrived in Iraq.

It must be said that Sudan is a fairly large buyer of Ukrainian technology. In addition to small arms, the state received 1 armored personnel carrier BTR-70, 10 T-72 tanks, and 14 BMP-1. In addition, Sudan bought dozens of recoilless guns, 8 11 122C2 1 self-propelled 30 mm howitzer and 2011 anti-tank rifles and grenade launchers from Ukraine and 5. Sudan has been purchasing Ukrainian weapons before. So, in particular, as early as in 55, the state purchased a 4 T-72 and XNUMX tanks a dozen T-XNUMX tanks. It should be noted that there are special restrictions on the supply of arms to Sudan. However, as reported in the Export Control Service of Ukraine, all contracts with this state for the supply of arms were concluded exclusively with the legal authorities. And according to the conviction of the First Deputy Chairman of the National Security and Defense Committee A. Kinakh, Ukraine adhered to all the procedures provided for in international agreements.

In addition to armored vehicles, artillery and small arms, Ukraine is also engaged in the export of missile weapons. The main buyers of this type of weapon were Israel and the United States. For example, the Israeli side purchased 120 guided anti-tank missiles and more 190 missiles for man-portable air defense systems, and America more 135 missiles for MANPADS. According to S. Zgurts, the Americans, in the same way as Israel, are purchasing Soviet Igla and Strela complexes in order to work out the main methods of protection against Soviet-made MANPADS used in Afghanistan.

There is another study on Ukrainian military exports. Its author is a political expert Vladimir Matveev. According to him, about 47 percent of all Ukrainian military exports go to Asia, about 23 percent to African countries, another 21 percent to CIS countries, about 6 percent to European countries, and only about 3 percent to both American continents. The main exporter of military and special equipment in Ukraine is the concern Ukrspetsesport, which currently cooperates with 78 countries of the world. At the same time, its largest partners are India, China, Iraq, Russia, Thailand. Qatar and Saudi Arabia also buy weapons from Ukraine.

In his study, Matveyev notes that in the context of the fact that inexpensive obsolete weapons and equipment prevail in Ukrainian military exports, the head of state V. Yanukovych outlined the main task of reforming the defense industry complex in April of this year, namely, to start the production of Ukrainian military equipment and modern weapons, so that they are not inferior to world counterparts in quality and technical characteristics. However, the author further notes that the image of Ukrainian-made products, as well as the competitiveness of the defense complex itself, were largely affected by lack of control, transparency and the presence of many corrupt schemes.

At the same time, according to Matveyev, Ukrainian exports are growing in some positions. Moreover, this growth occurs not only due to the sale of surplus military equipment, which is located in military warehouses and arsenals, but also due to the modernization of previously supplied equipment, the production of new models, as well as the supply of components and the provision of services. For example, Ukrainian armored personnel carriers are actively developing the Kazakh military market. In addition, it is planned to sign a contract with Kuwait. It should be noted that the Ukrainian tanks "Oplot" began to gradually bypass the Russian T-90. Very interesting and promising are the contracts with Thailand for the supply of 50 tanks "Oplot", additional supplies of more 120 armored personnel carriers BTR-3Е1, as well as contracts with Ethiopia for two hundred modernized T-72.

In addition, Matveyev notes, according to the world's leading experts, the Kolchuga radio intelligence station is recognized as one of the key projects in the field of ensuring the defense capacity of the Ukrainian state. The second place is occupied by the communication system developed by the Telekart-Pribor enterprise, as well as by high-precision weapons, developed by the Design Bureau Luch. Oplot tanks, BTR-4E armored personnel carriers and the Pelikan radio station were recognized as the best military-technical projects. The best military project with the participation of Ukraine was the construction of the Corvette class ship, as well as the construction of the Alcantara cosmodrome and the modernization of the Mi-24 helicopters with Brazil.

The most successful Ukrainian export project is the delivery of armored personnel carriers BTR-4 to Iraq (supply volumes amounted to 457 million dollars), deliveries of BTR-3Е to Thailand (300 million dollars). In addition, according to Matveyev, in February of this year a contract was signed between Ukraine and Pakistan for the production and supply of more than 100 power plants for tanks. Also, Ukraine’s cooperation with Azerbaijan has great prospects in terms of the export of weapons and components, the author notes.

At the same time, in order to establish modern exports and begin an effective re-equipment of the Ukrainian army, the country lacks financial resources, some enterprises are in the hands of private owners, and defense enterprises are subordinated to various departments. Thus, it will not be easy to establish an effective export and create a system coordinated in all respects in the defense industry of Ukraine. Therefore, the author concludes, for now it makes no sense to talk about the existence of any real strategy for the development of the defense-industrial complex in general.

Materials used:
http://www.rbc.ua/rus/news/economic/ukraina-v-2012-g-eksportirovala-bolshe-vsego-strelkovogo-16072013082900
http://kommersant.ua/doc/2234529
http://www.proza.ru/2012/02/12/707
http://vpk.name/news/88669_kolchugu_priznali_klyuchevyim_proektom_dlya_obespecheniya_oboronosposobnosti_ukrainyi.html
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  1. xetai9977
    xetai9977 30 July 2013 07: 54 New
    +7
    A large percentage of Ukrainian weapons exported is Soviet-era equipment, and these stocks are not bottomless. It is necessary to develop the defense industry and increase the production of competitive products. But everything rests on the lack of funding. A vicious circle is obtained.
  2. pinecone
    pinecone 30 July 2013 07: 59 New
    +8
    The fourth place in the world is serious. Great rate.
    1. svp67
      svp67 30 July 2013 13: 54 New
      +2
      Quote: pinecone
      The fourth place in the world is serious. Great rate.

      Strange, but not a word about it

      Last Monday, the Stockholm Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) published its annual report on the international arms market. It says that the United States took first place in arms exports between 2008 and 2012. They account for about 30% of world arms exports.
      In second place is Russia with an indicator of 26%. At the same time, about 65% of Russian exports for the period under review fell on the countries of Asia and Oceania, 17% - on the countries of Africa, 9% - on the countries of the Middle East. India has become the largest importer of Russian weapons; China, Algeria, Vietnam and Venezuela are also among the five largest importers of Russian military equipment. Speaking about the structure of Russian arms exports, the authors of the report noted that most of it was air equipment (46%) and missile systems (20%). “Russia has made a major contribution to the militarization of Southeast Asia by supplying Su-2008 and Su-2012C fighters, as well as a number of missile systems, from 37 to 30, to Indonesia, Malaysia and Vietnam,” the report says. In addition, the authors of the report claim, Russia during the period under review exported 27 Mi-343 helicopters to 17 countries. Almost half of these helicopters were sold to the states of Asia and Oceania (26 units), another 166 helicopters were available to the countries of the Americas, 57 were sent to the Middle East, 48 to Europe and 43 to Africa.
      In the list of the largest arms exporters, Russia is followed by Germany and France with 7% and 6% respectively. Finally, China, for the first time since the end of the Cold War, managed to take fifth place among the largest arms exporters with a share of 5% of world arms exports. According to SIPRI, over the five-year period considered in the report, the volume of exports of Chinese weapons increased by 162%. The largest buyer of Chinese weapons was Pakistan, which accounts for 55% of arms exports from China. The PRC has taken the place of Great Britain, which for the first time since 1950 has not entered the top five largest exporters of military equipment in the world. In Beijing, by the way, they do not hide the fact that they intend to bring their country to third place among arms exporters by the 2015.
  3. The comment was deleted.
  4. washi
    washi 30 July 2013 09: 15 New
    +4
    What would be surprised if the bulk are cheaply sold Soviet stocks.
    1. roial
      roial 30 July 2013 12: 47 New
      +8
      Unlike Russia, which, as you say, supplies these reserves for remelting, and under the press Ukraine makes a lot of money from this.
      And not mediocre destroys what is left of the union.
      1. svp67
        svp67 30 July 2013 13: 47 New
        0
        Quote: roial
        Unlike Russia, which, as you say, supplies these reserves for remelting, and under the press Ukraine makes a lot of money from this.
        Да, Вы правы отличие есть - Россия может себе позволить и пускать на переплавку, то что ранее было произведено в СССР и продавать его, так как в основном, это образцы вооружения производимые на территории нынешней России, Украина же такой возможности лишена, вот и вынуждена более "бережно" относиться к советскому наследству... Так что уважаемый завидуйте, не так громко...
      2. svp67
        svp67 30 July 2013 18: 27 New
        +1
        Quote: roial
        And not mediocre destroys what is left of the union.

        Well, yes, even for IT Ukraine was able to redeem its gesheft
  5. Lexo
    Lexo 30 July 2013 12: 30 New
    +7
    ну не скажите - Украина хоть и не блещет новинками = но и не совсем "остатки со складов продает"...
    1. svp67
      svp67 30 July 2013 18: 13 New
      +1
      Quote: Lexo
      ну не скажите - Украина хоть и не блещет новинками = но и не совсем "остатки со складов продает"...

      Well, let's see, based on even this article ..
      ... such a sharp and significant growth occurred, apparently, thanks to a contract with China, according to which the Ukrainian side was obliged to deliver hovercraft to it. So, in particular, in April of 2013, the first Bison hovercraft went to China. A second ship of the same class will be sent to its destination by the end of the year.
      Данный КВП пусть и произведен сейчас под именем "Бизон", но по сути это советский "Зубр"...
      Далее из произведенного на Украине - это конечно, же БТР 4. тут как говориться ваш успех несомненный, но всё остальное : БТР 3 - в сущности тот же БТР80, но подогнанный под реалии производства в Украине, а далее в списке БТР 80, Т72, Т55, БМП1, СГ 2С1 "Гвоздика", ПЗРК "Стрела" и "Игла"- это все производилось в СССР....
      1. Corneli
        Corneli 30 July 2013 19: 01 New
        +2
        Quote: svp67
        Well, let's see, based on even this article ..

        Quote: svp67
        Данный КВП пусть и произведен сейчас под именем "Бизон", но по сути это советский "Зубр"...
        Далее из произведенного на Украине - это конечно, же БТР 4. тут как говориться ваш успех несомненный, но всё остальное : БТР 3 - в сущности тот же БТР80, но подогнанный под реалии производства в Украине, а далее в списке БТР 80, Т72, Т55, БМП1, СГ 2С1 "Гвоздика", ПЗРК "Стрела" и "Игла"- это все производилось в СССР....

        В СССР много чего производилось, но вы ведь ответили на фразу о "складах") Зубры (Бизоны) валялись на складе? или их построили? Распродают, фактически, Т-72, Т-55 ну и стрелковое оружие...остальное скорее заново делают (накрайняк модернизируют), а это никак не "склады".
        П.С. И еще, я конечно понимаю что на Украине с ВПК печаль (особенно сравнимо с мощностями УССР), но прежде чем писать о "складах" и наследии СССР гляньте сколько новинок сделанно в России. А Россия страна с несоизмеримо большими амбициями, возможностями и ресурсами
        1. svp67
          svp67 30 July 2013 21: 24 New
          +2
          Quote: Corneli
          Распродают, фактически, Т-72, Т-55 ну и стрелковое оружие...остальное скорее заново делают (накрайняк модернизируют), а это никак не "склады".

          БТР 80 Армавирский, БМП1 - Курганская, СГ "Гвоздика" хоть и Харьковская, но с 1991 года не выпускается... и тд и т.п....
  6. YaRusich
    YaRusich 30 July 2013 12: 31 New
    -1
    the first time I hear about Ukraine in the top five exporters. USA, Russia, Germany, France, China !! Hmm, we continue to wishful thinking. There are articles about exporters on top var.
    1. roial
      roial 30 July 2013 12: 49 New
      +2
      In a 2012 report, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) identified Ukraine as the 4th country in the world in terms of arms supplies.

      Report excerpt
      Rank 2012–2012 Rank 2011–2011 Supplier 2012 2012–2012
      1 1 USA 8760 8760
      2 2 Russia 8003 8003
      3 4 China 1783 1783
      4 11 Ukraine 1344 1344
      1. Flooding
        Flooding 30 July 2013 16: 31 New
        +2
        Quote: roial
        In a 2012 report, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) identified Ukraine as the 4th country in the world in terms of arms supplies.

        I think you should be interested in the value expression of arms exports from Germany, France, and Israel.

        By the way, the SIPRI report was sort of like for the period 2008-2012.
        USA - 30% of the market
        Russia - 26%
        Germany - 7%
        France - 6%
        China - 5%

        Perhaps if we consider the deliveries of 2012 separately, the picture will change. But this time, other players will be great for Ukraine. For example, Israel.

        2012 was a record year for Israel's defense exports. According to the Ministry of Defense on July 23, exports of military-industrial complex products reached 7,473 billion.

        More details at http://newsru.co.il/finance/23jul2013/export8012.html
        1. Corneli
          Corneli 30 July 2013 19: 08 New
          +2
          Quote: Flood
          Perhaps if we consider the deliveries of 2012 separately, the picture will change. But this time, other players will be great for Ukraine. For example, Israel.

          Самому же должно быть понятно, что фраза о "4 месте" почти наверняка выдрана за какой то конкретный промежуток времени (типа 2011-2012 г). И не обязательно по 3-4 раза повторять свой пост с докладом 2008-2012))
          П.С. Лично как по мне "всего лишь два процента мирового экспорта." и 9 место в рейтинге (из 170 стран мира) - это не так уж и плохо. Эх,если бы у нас еще ВВП и уровень жизни был аналогичным...
          1. Flooding
            Flooding 30 July 2013 19: 17 New
            -1
            Quote: Corneli
            Самому же должно быть понятно, что фраза о "4 месте" почти наверняка выдрана за какой то конкретный промежуток времени (типа 2011-2012 г)

            Corneli, why pretend that I did not notice the last lines in my post?
            What place does Israel go to?
            И что значит "типа 2011-2012"?
            You yourself are not sure of the veracity of the information, but then why rush breasts into the embrasure?
            Quote: Corneli
            And it is not necessary to repeat your post 3-4 times 2008-2012 times with a report XNUMX-XNUMX))

            I explain, BUT was repeated once with reference to the source.
            So that there is no doubt. But the fourth place causes such ...
            Quote: Corneli
            Лично как по мне "всего лишь два процента мирового экспорта." и 9 место в рейтинге (из 170 стран мира) - это не так уж и плохо.

            Of course, this is a success. And all the more misunderstood the need for postscripts.
            1. Corneli
              Corneli 30 July 2013 20: 15 New
              +2
              Quote: Flood
              Corneli, why pretend that I did not notice the last lines in my post?
              What place does Israel go to?

              Noticed at 3. China in flight, breathing in the back of Russia. (according to your data)
              Quote: Flood
              И что значит "типа 2011-2012"?
              You yourself are not sure of the veracity of the information, but then why rush breasts into the embrasure?

              I'm not throwing anywhere) You just insist on the 2008-2012 review, and they told you about 2012 (I specified): http: //korrespondent.net/business/economics/1529275-ukraina-vyshla-na-c
              hetvertoe-mesto-v-rejtinge-mirovyh-eksporterov-vooruzheniya as an option ...
              Quote: Flood
              I explain, BUT was repeated once with reference to the source.
              So that there is no doubt. But the fourth place causes such ...

              Quote: Flood
              Of course, this is a success. And all the more misunderstood the need for postscripts.

              If the specified link does not suit you, google. Or go to the off site (I’m too lazy to bathe there). Yours faithfully
      2. Flooding
        Flooding 30 July 2013 16: 43 New
        +1
        Here are the numbers from http://www.sipri.org/

        The main exporters of major arms, 2008–2012
        1. USA 30%
        2. Russia 26%
        3. Germany 7%
        4. France 6%
        5. China 5%
        6. UK 4%
        7. Spain 3%
        8. Italy 2%
        9. Ukraine 2%
        10. Israel 2%

        Read more at http://www.sipri.org/yearbook/2013/05
  7. Remko
    Remko 30 July 2013 14: 04 New
    +1
    And what about the Ukrainian-French modernization of the Mi-24? Can be more?
    1. Akim
      Akim 30 July 2013 23: 10 New
      +2
      Модернизация вертолета Ми-24П выполнена путем установки модифицированных двигателей ТВЗ-1І7ВМА-СБМ1В-02, станции оптико-электронного противодействия "Адрос" КТ-01АВ, системы сбора и регистрации полетной информации БУР-4-1-07, модернизированного авиационного стрелкового прицела АСП-17ВПМ-У, лазерной системы формирования прицельной марки ФПМ-01КВ, спутниковой навигационной системы GPS МАР-695, ультракоротковолновой радиостанции КY-196В, аварийного радиомаяка ЕВС-406АFНМ, а также радиолокационного ответчика GТХ-327 с датчиком высоты АК-350.
      The personal equipment of the crew includes protective helmets TNL-5NV with night vision goggles PNL-3. To ensure the possibility of using night vision goggles on board, an adaptation was made of the internal and external equipment of the helicopter lighting equipment.
  8. Kimeran
    Kimeran 30 July 2013 14: 26 New
    0
    и про это если модно а то пропустил как то "десантный корабль на воздушной подушке «Зубр» в Китай"
  9. And raid
    And raid 30 July 2013 17: 54 New
    0
    Whatever conclusions you make in the article, but the fourth place is cool, people work, you try to at least sell something.
    1. Flooding
      Flooding 30 July 2013 18: 34 New
      -1
      Quote: AndRade
      Whatever conclusions you make in the article, but the fourth place is cool, people work, you try to at least sell something.

      what conclusions can be drawn if you read through a line or even two?
  10. Siberian
    Siberian 30 July 2013 21: 00 New
    0
    Quote: Vasya
    What would be surprised if the bulk are cheaply sold Soviet stocks.

    And how many of these reserves are left? There probably hoo?
    1. svp67
      svp67 31 July 2013 01: 56 New
      0
      Quote: Siberian
      And how many of these reserves are left? There probably hoo?
      And they are still reducing the army, respectively, and replenishing supplies ...
  11. ammunition
    ammunition 31 July 2013 05: 12 New
    0
    Summary chart for the period 2006 - 2010. A bit outdated .. But still.
  12. Zoryana Mriya
    Zoryana Mriya 31 July 2013 09: 43 New
    -1
    "Необходимо отметить, что украинские танки «Оплот» начали постепенно обходить российские Т-90." interestingly written "постепенно" :-) if you remember, then the Ukrainian Oploty from the very beginning took a leading position exceeding at times the Russian T-90s. And it was confirmed by many independent experts. And the 2009 international exhibition in Saudi Arabia is a confirmation of this
  13. Marks
    Marks 31 July 2013 11: 33 New
    +1
    People! it is written that 30 anti-tank rifles were sold in Sudan, what kind of model? Not with WWII yet?
  14. faraon
    faraon 31 July 2013 17: 27 New
    0
    I read the article and I had a doubt that Ukraine produces and sells something on world markets. I mean the arms market. Based on posts and articles on the internet, I’m probably not the only one who sees Ukraine being plundered, How whole About 20 years have passed since independence. A system of professional training of specialists has been covered with a copper basin and not only in the field of weapons but also in other areas of the national economy.
    Of course, we can say: Ukraine didn’t die yet, but it seems to me to boggle. Of course, something is being produced (in single batches). Something is being modernized, but all this is again not industrial parties, most likely the armaments left after the collapse of the USSR are sold out.
    Well, the fact that with regard to weapon armaments, perhaps there was a tank superior to the Russian T-90. But this does not mean that it is in service with the Ukrainian army. It’s a prototype.
    Of course, it’s a good idea to sell surplus military equipment and raise money to raise the economy and raise the armed forces to a new level, but there’s one thing but I’ve cut budget money, as in similar cases, and as always, it went into the sand without a trace. So what about mass production It’s not worth talking, Ukraine will not pull purely on economic parameters
  15. Foooxxxxx
    Foooxxxxx 31 July 2013 18: 18 New
    0
    It will soon be sold all over Ukraine. All the same, this money does not go for rearmament, but for salaries of officials!

  16. faraon
    faraon 31 July 2013 18: 26 New
    0
    Quote: FoooXxXxX
    It will soon be sold all over Ukraine. All the same, this money does not go for rearmament, but for salaries of officials!


    Yes, and I’m talking about this, but it’s a pity. Believe me, my heart bleeds when I communicate with fellow countrymen from Severodonetsk, Lugansk Oblast, for what is happening in Ukraine.
  17. Sashko07
    Sashko07 1 August 2013 21: 37 New
    0
    Quote: YaRusich
    the first time I hear about Ukraine in the top five exporters. USA, Russia, Germany, France, China !! Hmm, we continue to wishful thinking. There are articles about exporters on top var.

    This is a Russian site, why on such a site give out the desired for the reality, and praise Ukraine?
  18. alex451
    alex451 6 August 2013 15: 19 New
    +1
    I read the comments and I wonder why the hatred in us so much for each other ??

    We will be glad for Ukraine !!!

    So what that the armored personnel carriers do not accept in Iraq, because of the lack of integrity of the corps ... Read about this article.
    So what, that they sell Soviet weapons! They did it to us, also invested.

    Yes, there is much that can be written about Ukraine, Russia, etc.
    Just let's respectfully and together, then everything will be hurt !!!
  19. La hire
    La hire 7 August 2013 17: 01 New
    0
    It should be noted that the Ukrainian Oplot tanks gradually began to bypass the Russian T-90.

    How's that?
    Сейчас "Оплот" экспортируется лишь в Таиланд, и то масштабы этого контракта откровенно небольшие: 49 танков.
    I will not talk about contracts for the supply of T-90, you will find the numbers themselves.