Military Review

First tank: "Mark I" or "Little Willy"?

Today it’s already difficult to imagine a combat-ready army without armored vehicles: without armored personnel carriers, self-propelled guns, tanks. Who came up with the brilliant idea of ​​using a well-protected machine for conducting military operations against enemy equipment and manpower. Historians are still arguing about this.

First tank: "Mark I" or "Little Willy"?

Today it is believed that the first tank, which was not just designed and drawn on paper, but after its creation became involved in real combat, was Mark I of the 1916 model of the year. This tank is often called the "English tank", as it was released by the British company William Foster and Co. This British company owns the patent for the invention of the tank in the form in which Mark I. appeared before humanity.

Generally speaking, this British-made tank had two options from the first days of development. The first option was called "male", the second, respectively, "female". Differences "male" from the "female" consisted in the mass, and in the presence of certain weapons. So the "male" had a mass of about 28,5 tons and in service had a machine gun and two guns 57-mm. The “female” weighed a ton less and had only machine guns in service.
However, many stories They claim that the British-made Mark I tank was not the first, and that the so-called “Little Willy”, which was built in the same UK a year earlier, should be put in the first place. Representatives of the company "William Foster and Co." do not particularly argue, since it was her employees who also created "Little Willie". Perhaps the main difference between the "Mark" and the "Little Willie" was not even a significant difference in the mass, but the fact that the "Willie" was not in service with the British army and remained nothing more than a prototype of a real tank.

"Little Willie" had a 105-strong engine from the company "Daimler" and did not have full armor. Only on the cap of the car were placed steel plates about half a centimeter thick. To control this armored vehicle, it was necessary to use an impressive crew - no less than 6 people. At the same time, the speed that “Little Willy” could develop was not impressive — no more than 3-4 km / h. The model “Little Willie” can be seen today in the UK, in the Bovington Museum.
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  1. does it
    does it 26 July 2013 13: 25
    The legacy of the English intervention, the English tank Mark-V. Arkhangelsk, Troitsky Prospekt. The heavy tank Mark-V was built in 1918. During the Civil War, he became one of the trophies captured by Soviet troops on the Southern Front. Despite many shortcomings, this military weapon was widely used in the armies of different countries.

    After withdrawing from service in 1930, the tank no longer participated in battles. In 1938, by order of the People's Commissar of Defense Voroshilov, he was transferred to Arkhangelsk as a historical monument. In the same year, by decision of the City Council, the tank was transferred as an exhibit to the Arkhangelsk Museum of Local Lore
    1. svp67
      svp67 26 July 2013 17: 31
      Quote: kvirit
      The legacy of the English intervention, the English tank Mark-V. Arkhangelsk,

      But this "legacy" is in the center of Kharkov.
      Mark V Female in Kharkov on Constitution Square. The English tank of the Great War, installed in Kharkov in 1938 in memory of feats
      Heroic R.K.K.A. during the Civil War 1918-1922 years.
    2. Starover_Z
      Starover_Z 26 July 2013 21: 27
      In 2009, I was in Arkhangelsk, I found the designation of the monument on the map, went down and ... did not find sad
      Then I didn’t reach it anymore, I don’t know, it’s now, no ...
  2. loft79
    loft79 26 July 2013 14: 03
    I did not understand the title of the article.

    First tank: "Mark I" or "Little Willy"?

    Why did they call the "Mark I" prototype "Big Willie"?
    Both Willie are prototypes. "Big Willie" proved its worth and went into production as "Mark I"
  3. Vital 33
    Vital 33 27 July 2013 11: 16
    Two are standing here in Lugansk ...
  4. Kowalsky
    Kowalsky 30 July 2013 14: 43
    Quote: Vital 33
    Two are standing here in Lugansk ...

    Yeah, we've painted, painted, you can take it into service :)