According to Izvestia, in the development of a mobile hospital for the armed forces, the project’s groundwork was used, according to which similar systems were manufactured for the Ministry of Emergency Situations. According to an unnamed source "Izvestia" in the Main Military Medical Directorate, the development of a new airmobile hospital for the needs of the army is currently being completed. The general features of the complex are already defined and it remains only to complete the selection of specific equipment. After that, in the near future, a contract for construction and supply will be signed.
For the time being it is planned to order four such hospitals. They will be assigned to four military districts and will be taken to the right place. It is also assumed that mobility will allow, if appropriate, to send hospitals to the territory of another military district, where they will help local doctors.
The decision to purchase new mobile hospitals suitable for use in the armed forces was made in the past 2012 year, but the main work in this direction began only relatively recently. Previously, various options for equipping military medics with new equipment were considered, including those purchased abroad. Thus, the possible purchase of a German mobile hospital manufactured by Zeppelin was mentioned. However, in the future, the leadership of the military department decided to get by with the help of domestic industry. Both tents and medical equipment of new hospitals will be manufactured in Russia.
According to "Izvestia", the basis for the new army hospitals took a similar complex used by the Emergency Situations Ministry "Centrospas". At the same time, during the study of the appearance of the hospital for the armed forces, the military doctors expressed their wishes related to the specifics of their work. Because of this, promising hospitals for the armed forces will be less suitable for helping the civilian population, but at the same time they will have great opportunities in the field of surgery, blood transfusion and assistance to the wounded. The exact composition of the equipment and units of the mobile hospital has not yet been announced.
Despite this, some conclusions can be drawn on the basis of the appearance of the Emergencies Ministry hospitals. So, the Centrospas doctors can in the shortest possible time arrive at the crash site and deploy a full-fledged field medical institution with a consultation and diagnostic unit, operating rooms, resuscitation, X-ray unit, ultrasound and ECG units, as well as its own blood laboratory, wards, and a residential unit for medical the staff. The capacity of the hospital complex allows it to work offline for two weeks and take up to one hundred people per day. The basis of the airmobile hospital of the Ministry of Emergency Situations is tent modules, which accommodate all the necessary medical equipment. The complex also includes heaters and air conditioners that allow medical staff to work in different climatic conditions. The efficiency of all hospital systems is ensured by an energy module with diesel generators.
The mobility of the hospital is provided by its architecture. The basis of the complex are tents, which during transportation occupy a relatively small volume. All elements of the hospital are packed in several containers before transportation. Dimensions of the latter allow them to be transported on any suitable transport, from trucks to aircraft. Thanks to this, the hospital of the “Centrospas” detachment can be promptly delivered to a given area and deployed there. It is worth noting that the deployment time on the spot is one of the strengths of the Emergency Situations Hospital. In this parameter, rescue equipment is significantly ahead of similar systems used by military doctors.
Currently, military doctors operate mobile medical assistance complexes (PCVP). Elements of this complex are located on the KAMAZ or Ural truck chassis and can be redeployed to the required area as soon as possible. The PCVP, like the Airmobile Hospital of the Ministry of Emergency Situations, is equipped with all the necessary medical equipment, but at the same time it differs from its counterpart in a number of characteristics. In particular, existing hospitals in the army are able to serve up to 250 people per day. However, greater opportunities for receiving the wounded are compensated for by lower mobility due to the nature of the marching configuration of the complex.
The reasons for choosing a new mobile hospital for the needs of the armed forces have not yet been announced. Probably, the mobile qualities of the hospital, built according to the scheme already used by rescuers, affected. There is also a version according to which the cause of future deliveries of new hospitals was some aspects of the previous work of the Minister of Defense S. Shoigu. However, there is no official information about the specific reasons for choosing such airmobile complexes.
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