Military Review

Desert army

29
Turkmen armed forces easily fit in a mid-sized stadium


The armed forces of Turkmenistan have 22 thousands of people (according to some sources, 26 thousands) and occupy the 91-e place in the list of states in terms of numbers. They consist of ground forces, air force and navy. Since Turkmenistan is in fact a totalitarian state and remains one of the most closed countries in the world, information about its armed forces is not published anywhere. Apparently, nothing to be proud of. Based on available sources, one can imagine what kind of a Turkmen army it is.

In July 1992, Russia and Turkmenistan signed an agreement on joint actions in the field of defense. In accordance with this document, the Russian Federation acted as a security guarantor of Turkmenistan and transferred parts of the former Soviet army stationed on Turkmen territory for the formation of national armed forces. Part of the Border Troops, Air Force and Air Defense remained under the Russian command. The rest are under combined command with a gradual transfer of it to the Turkmen side over 10 years.

During the transition period, Russia pledged to provide military-technical and operational-tactical support, as well as to pay compensation to the Turkmen side for the right to deploy its equipment on its territory, while Turkmenistan assumed the costs of maintaining and ensuring joint subordination. In 1993, Moscow and Ashgabat signed an agreement on the joint protection of the state border of Turkmenistan and the status of Russian military personnel on Turkmen territory. At the request of Ashgabat, Russian border guards left Turkmenistan by the end of 2000.

Structure, goals and objectives

The Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Turkmenistan is the President (since 2006, Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov). The General Staff of the Armed Forces is the main operational management body of the armed forces. The Ministry of Defense is developing, with the participation of relevant executive authorities, the concept of adopting systems weapons, military and special equipment and property, the state program of equipping the Armed Forces with modern types of weapons, and also forms the state defense order.


Turkmenistan maintains a neutral status. Resolution No. 50 / 80 “On Permanent Neutrality” was officially adopted by the UN General Assembly 12 December 1995. The new military doctrine was signed in January of 2009. It provides that, as a neutral state, Turkmenistan does not belong to any military alliances and blocs, does not produce or distribute weapons of mass destruction, does not participate in local and regional conflicts and does not deploy foreign military bases on its territory. It allows for the future transition to contractual service and plans to equip the army with the latest weapons. Military doctrine is defensive in nature. Subordinated to the goals of safeguarding peace in the country, respecting the integrity of its borders, maintaining the unity of the people, protecting its peaceful and prosperous life, strengthening the power of the armed forces and other troops, enhancing the international authority of Turkmenistan, developing friendship and fraternity with neighboring states.

As a threat to the country, the military doctrine considers:

  • unleashing local and large-scale wars;
  • the formation and strengthening of separatist and other movements,
  • strengthening national, ethnic and religious extremism;
  • the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery;
  • aggravation of information confrontation.

    According to the military doctrine, Turkmenistan does not treat any state as its adversary.

    Recruitment of the armed forces carried out by conscription. The draft age is from 18 to 30 years. Service life - 24 month. In 2010, the male population at the age of 16 – 49 was 1 381 000 people, of which 1 067 000 people were suitable for military service. Every year, thousands of men reach 53,8 military age. Up to 80 percent of officers are ethnic Turkmen. Since Turkmenistan has strong clan contradictions, conscripts are usually sent to serve in the wrong regions from where they were called. Thus, they seek to reduce desertion and ensure the loyalty of the troops in case they have to prevent inter-clan clashes. During the reign of Turkmenbashi Niyazov in 1991 – 2006, up to a third of the servicemen were engaged in economic work, but with the reduction of the army this practice was discontinued.

    Turkmenistan’s military expenditures amount to 1,6 per cent of GDP, which in 2012 was equal to 535,5 million dollars at the official exchange rate and 760,8 million dollars at purchasing power parity.

    Turkmenistan cannot solve the problem of dividing the Caspian seabed, which is rich in oil fields, with Iran, Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan. Turkmenistan is a transit country for the supply of Afghan drugs to Russia and Western Europe. Disputes continue with Uzbekistan over the distribution of the water resources of the Amu Darya. Since the beginning of the US military operation in Afghanistan, Ashgabat has provided a transport corridor for humanitarian aid to this country.

    Turkmenistan, which has a large-scale export of oil and gas, has no difficulty in financing the army. The main problems of the country's armed forces lie in the low level of training of soldiers and officers, in the lack of spare parts for military equipment, and especially in the lack of trained pilots. Therefore, it is difficult to determine how many units of armored vehicles, airplanes and helicopters are really combat-capable.

    Ground troops

    18 500 people count. They consist of three framed motorized divisions, two motorized brigades and an air assault battalion, as well as one training division. In addition, there is one artillery brigade, one brigade of multiple launch rocket systems, one missile regiment with Scud missiles, one anti-tank regiment, two anti-aircraft brigades and one engineering regiment.

    As part of the modernization of the air defense system of the ground forces, the newest Kolchuga radar stations were purchased from Ukraine, capable of detecting surface, air and ground targets unnoticed by enemy tracking equipment.

    Turkmenistan is the only CIS country that has not signed an agreement on measures to control the proliferation of Igla and Strela man-portable air defense systems.

    The armed forces are 10 tanks T-90S, 670 T-72, 170 BRDM-1 and BRDM-2, 930 BMP-1 and BMP-2, 12 BRM-1K, 829 BTR-60, BTR-70 and BTR-80.

    Artillery represented 40 122-mm ACS 2S1 "Carnation», 16 152-mm ACS 2S3 "Acacia», 17 ACS 2S9 "Nona-C», 180 122-mm howitzers D-30, 17 152-mm cannons, howitzers D-1 , 72 152-mm howitzer guns D-20, 66 120-mm PM-38 mortars and 31 82-mm Cornflower 2B9 mortars.

    The following salvo fire jet systems are in service: nine BM-21 “Grad-1”, 56 BM-21 “Grad”, 60 BM-27 “Hurricane” and six BM-30 “Smerch”.

    Anti-tank armament is presented by 100 ATGM “Baby”, “Competition”, “Storm” and “Metis” and 72 100-mm anti-tank guns MT-12. There is also a Scud 10 tactical missile system.

    Systems VOP ground troops represented 40 SAM 9K33 «OSA-AK», 13 SAM "Arrow-10" and several SAM "Arrow-2», 48 SoL-23-4 "shilka" and 22 57-mm anti-aircraft guns C-60.

    A military institute of the Ministry of Defense of Turkmenistan was established in Ashgabat. Officers are also trained in Russia, Ukraine, Turkey, Pakistan and the United States.

    Air Force

    The number of air forces is 3000. They include two squadrons of fighters and fighter-bombers, one squadron of transport aviation and one training squadron. There is also one helicopter assault and one helicopter transport squadron and several divisions of anti-aircraft missile launchers.

    The 22 fighter Mig-29 and two Mig-29UB, three fighter-bomber Su-7B, 65 fighter-bomber Su-17, two Su-25MC attack aircraft (another 41 aircraft of this type is being upgraded (another 26 aircraft of this type is being upgraded); An-39 transport and two training L-10. There are also 24 assault helicopters MI-8 and eight transport MI-XNUMX.

    The country's air defense system is represented by the X-NUMX of the Dvina C-50, the Pechora B-75 and the Angara C-125.

    Naval forces

    The Navy consists of 500 people. Together with civilian service personnel, their number may reach two thousand people. The fleet in the Caspian has a base in Turkmenbashi. Caspian flotilla acts as part of a joint Russian-Kazakh-Turkmen flotilla under the Russian command with headquarters in Astrakhan. It includes five Ukrainian-made Grif-T patrol boats, two Lightning missile boats of Russian project 12418, and one American Point Jackson patrol boat. Since February 2012, the first ship has been under construction at the shipbuilding and ship-repairing enterprise of the State Border Service of Turkmenistan in Turkmenbashi - the Arkadag border guard ship (“Lord”).

    In 2010, the program of development of the naval forces of the armed forces of Turkmenistan was adopted for the period up to 2015, but its content is not disclosed.

    Military formations of other departments

    In addition to the Ministry of Defense, military units have the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the National Security Committee, the State Border Service, the Presidential Security Service. There is no reliable data on their number and structure. According to some estimates, the staff of the State Border Service is about 12 thousand people. The border troops include eight border detachments, including Bekdash, Kushkinsky, Kerkinsky and Koytendag. The presidential security service is approximately one to two thousand people.

    In general, the armed forces of Turkmenistan by their fighting efficiency occupy a middle position in the region. They are superior to the armies of Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, but significantly inferior to the armies of Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. The Turkmen army, in all likelihood, may repel an invasion of small armed groups, but is unable to independently endure a local conflict with any of its neighbors.
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    1. Fox
      Fox 19 July 2013 08: 25 New
      14
      my grandfather served there in the 30s. about the Turkmens he spoke well (unlike Tajiks and Uzbeks). his uncle there lives and works (Russian). He wanted to leave, but they let him out only with a passport, without things. Now he lives in a decent cottage He receives a good salary and does not take a steam bath, although his daughter lives in Russia, and he helps her financially. So, he’s not living badly in Turkmenistan. Yes, I haven’t seen any Turkmen-Gaster either. Fighting, the Turkmen Uzbeks and Tajiks will be given a head start.
      1. Hon
        Hon 19 July 2013 08: 41 New
        +4
        Quote: Fox
        my grandfather served there in the 30s. about the Turkmens he spoke well (unlike Tajiks and Uzbeks). his uncle there lives and works (Russian). He wanted to leave, but they let him out only with a passport, without things. Now he lives in a decent cottage He receives a good salary and does not take a steam bath, although his daughter lives in Russia, and he helps her financially. So, he’s not living badly in Turkmenistan. Yes, I haven’t seen any Turkmen-Gaster either. Fighting, the Turkmen Uzbeks and Tajiks will be given a head start.

        In Turkmenistan, there is a lot of oil and gas, and the population is small, and therefore it lives normally.
        1. bazilio
          bazilio 19 July 2013 09: 56 New
          +2
          Quote: Hon
          There is a lot of oil and gas in Turkmenistan, and the population is small, therefore it lives normally

          and drug trafficking also brings good income
          1. omsbon
            omsbon 19 July 2013 13: 28 New
            +2
            Quote: bazilio
            and drug trafficking also brings good income

            Can you give more details. I heard that drugs in Turkmenistan are very severely punished.
            1. bazilio
              bazilio 19 July 2013 17: 35 New
              0
              Quote: omsbon
              Can you give more details.

              http://www.nvspb.ru/stories/afganskiy-izlom-46965.

              in addition, no matter how severe the punishment, drugs bring good money with a minimum of costs, so there are enough people who want to cash in on this topic
              1. bazilio
                bazilio 19 July 2013 17: 36 New
                0
                for some reason the picture is not attached
                http://voprosik.net/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/041008005.png
                1. beifall
                  beifall 20 July 2013 06: 06 New
                  0
                  In St. Petersburg (Russia), there are so-called “ethnic” brothels where girls who come from Uzbekistan work. On the pages of city magazines openly advertisements are published that offer an “oriental tale”, “a sexy Uzbek in a cozy apartment”, “an alluring east” or an “oriental sorbet”. The aroma of exoticism is added by the names: Aziza, Nargiza, Gulya, Leila, Camilla ... Almost in every ad there are parameters: age / height / breast size. The age, as a rule, is up to 30. But there are also older ones, for example, a 37-year-old. Here, of course, you can’t do just one “sorbet”, and the announcement added details: “a very well-groomed Uzbek will invite you to a pleasant vacation.”
                  According to the Code of Administrative Offenses (Code of Administrative Offenses), “engaging in prostitution entails the imposition of an administrative fine in the amount of one thousand five hundred to two thousand rubles” (Article 6.11). And “obtaining income from engaging in prostitution, if this income is related to engaging in prostitution of another person” (Article 6.12) is punishable by a fine from 2000 to 2500 rubles or by administrative arrest from ten to fifteen days.
                  Prostitutes with a patent
                  Materials about the ethnic brothels of St. Petersburg appearing in the media, as well as reports from the Ministry of Internal Affairs about the found dens where Uzbek citizens work, are diligently collected (18+) on the blog of the Interregional Education Center for Migrants in St. Petersburg. Maksud Abduzhabbarov, who heads the Center, told Fergana that in St. Petersburg, according to his estimates, twenty ethnic brothels.
                  “What did you think?”
                  - They publish announcements, they invite. Both I and my assistants called, came to addresses, under the guise of customers met girls, questioned them. Then they left. So we found out the prices. So far we have discovered twenty brothels. Prices there are from 1300 to 2000 rubles, of which 60% goes to the "mother" who holds a stash, and a prostitute takes 40%.
                  - In those brothels that you discovered are Kyrgyz or Tajik?
                  - No. Only Uzbeks.
                  - And what about the documents?
                  - Everything is in order with their documents: they have both registration and patents. They work on patents (a patent gives a foreign citizen the right to be hired by an individual on the territory of Russia. It costs 1000 rubles a month, so tax is taken from foreigners working for citizens of the Russian Federation - ed.). Workers in a brothel are found where there is a large flow of migrants, at the Red Textile Worker, for example (on the street of the Red Textile Worker in St. Petersburg there is a department of the Federal Migration Service where work permits are issued; migrants can also undergo a medical examination there - ed.). They lure you with advertising, campaigning: why will you wash the floors, suffer, you will not be paid a salary, everyone will deceive you. And here - good money, escort, no need to pay for the apartment, no need to clean, food, good conditions ...
                  - What kind of girls work? Young ones?
                  - Not only. In the last brothel where the police raid came, an Uzbek from Khorezm worked, she is 47 years old. We agreed with the Ministry of Internal Affairs that they will indicate in the reports where the prostitutes came from. Their customers are mainly citizens of the Russian Federation. It is difficult for a migrant to find 1300 rubles for a prostitute, and representatives of Russian culture can, it is a very inexpensive price, and the middle class is coming. For them it’s exotic - it’s interesting to “try” oriental girls.
                  - What does it mean? Are you not afraid that the Uzbeks living in St. Petersburg will begin to beat Uzbek prostitutes?
                  - If that happens, I will be very happy. Prostitutes must know that we intend to fight this. It will be necessary - and we will inform their parents in Uzbekistan that the daughter is engaged in prostitution, and we will send photos.
                  - Is this the general mood among migrants?
                  - Yes, general. And after we came to grips with these brothels, there were fewer advertisements.
              2. beifall
                beifall 20 July 2013 05: 57 New
                0
                Uzbekistan: Germany's Termez base is an illegal bazaar of German goods

                The strategic military transport base of the Federal Republic of Germany, located on the territory of the Uzbek city of Termez on the border with Afghanistan, officially costs the Bundeswehr several tens of millions of dollars a year.
                The Germans have been using the Uzbek civilian airport to jump into Afghanistan since the end of 2001. Here are several hundred military personnel who, periodically replacing each other, have responsibilities for receiving and sending aircraft with cargo and manpower. How much money the German government spends on payments to Uzbekistan is not known for certain. On the other hand, the presence of this base entails for the German side not only high costs. For German soldiers and officers, this transshipment point on the way to Afghanistan from the beginning of this year has become a source of solid side income.

                The fact that in January 2013 the President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov signed a resolution “On measures to further improve the competitiveness of domestic products and strengthen the fight against the smuggling of goods into the territory of the Republic of Uzbekistan”, we wrote repeatedly (see, for example, the article Uzbekistan: Refuse imported, not having one?).

                This decision significantly narrowed the range of imported home appliances, building materials, and personal hygiene products. It should be noted that the only local enterprise for the assembly of household appliances is the Tashkent "Royson", whose products, however, are significantly inferior in quality to foreign samples.
                The resolution caused discontent among the local population, which, of course, is not satisfied with the quality and small volume of goods produced in Uzbekistan, the demand for which is constantly increasing.
                It should be noted that it is very unprofitable for Uzbek labor migrants returning from work in Russia or Kazakhstan to import home appliances from these countries: due to high customs duties and the arbitrariness of the border services, who do not miss the opportunity to “pinch” compatriots, the cost of such goods, brought to home, increases significantly.

                The military personnel of the German Air Force, who are deployed at the military airdrome mentioned above, were not slow to take advantage of such a ban on the part of the Uzbek authorities. So, German military personnel on military aircraft that are not subject to customs and border control, import into Uzbekistan household appliances purchased in Germany. A significant number of the German military established friendly relations with many representatives of the local population, so the sale of goods with the assistance of local residents is greatly simplified.
                “Today for us, more or less affluent citizens of Uzbekistan, this is the only way to acquire quality German goods, there are no other options,” a resident of Termez N. told us. “For prudent Germans, this is a good opportunity to make decent money. After all, it is known what cheap equipment is in Germany, especially during all kinds of sales there. Plasma television panels, microwaves, and air conditioners are also being brought. For German technology, a kind of queue formed. Everyone who wants to buy this or that product already knows in advance when the next board will come, even make pre-orders. ”
                The volume of such illegal imports of consumer goods from Germany to Uzbekistan is not taken into account in any statistical economic reports.
                “Of course, they will not quarrel with the Germans and bring this problem to the international level. Moreover, the representatives of our police and officials are people of good income. They themselves would not mind taking this opportunity to buy good foreign goods, ”says our other Termez interlocutor, who works at the city’s airport.
      2. Skiff
        Skiff 19 July 2013 09: 21 New
        +4
        I was born there, I remember with warmth those days, lived together with the Turkmen, I wish prosperity and all the best to the Turkmen people.
      3. bazilio
        bazilio 19 July 2013 09: 55 New
        +1
        Quote: Fox
        and in fighting spirit, the Turkmens will give odds to the Uzbeks and Tajiks.

        not a fact, not a fact. and what difference does self-superiority not on their side + military art in the Turkmen army is lame, most sensible personnel officers (mostly Russians) left the country after the collapse of the union.
        "Currently, this problem is being solved by training national officers in our own and foreign military schools, but the military professionalism of the majority of Turkmen officers raises serious doubts, especially in specialties related to the operation of sophisticated military equipment. So, until recently, there were only a few pilots of combat aircraft of indigenous nationality in the Turkmen armed forces. It came to the point that in the pompous military parades the gaze of "Turkmenbashi the Great" was caressing the passage of airplanes piloted by pilots from Ukraine. Much of the military equipment sold (including smuggling) to third countries."
        http://topwar.ru/6191-armii-mira-vooruzhennye-sily-turkmenii.html
        1. beifall
          beifall 20 July 2013 06: 10 New
          +1
          This is not to say that the work in question does not sin inaccuracies at all. So, for example, the authors spoke too much of the combat readiness of the Armed Forces of Uzbekistan. At the same time, their combat experience was clearly overestimated, acquired, one might say, in the only clash that took place in August 2000 with a small detachment of militants of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (up to 20 people) who, without much success, ran with guns in the mountains for a couple of weeks.

          The army of any state is flesh from its flesh, and if the state itself is in a deplorable state, then its army is in exactly the same position.
          1. Yarbay
            Yarbay 20 July 2013 09: 21 New
            0
            Quote: beifall
            The army of any state is flesh from its flesh, and if the state itself is in a deplorable state, then its army is in exactly the same position.

            + + +
            That's right !!
            This is an axiom!
      4. Starshina wmf
        Starshina wmf 2 August 2013 08: 04 New
        0
        It’s normal in cities. And in the villages of poverty and disease. You do not see the gastors of the Turkmen. So they do not let out anywhere. Turkmenistan has a totalitarian regime. The country is closed. They don’t want to have any business with Russia. The local KGB will arrest anyone on a denunciation. In short, as in the USSR under Stalin. The people who were arrested disappear to no one knows where. And as fighters they are really weak. The strongest army in the region is in Kazakhstan. Turkmens are somewhere on the same level with the Uzbeks.
    2. pinecone
      pinecone 19 July 2013 09: 11 New
      14
      The basis of the Turkmen nation is Tekin, whose high fighting qualities were noted by General Skobelev. It is also noteworthy that the Turkmens live and work on their land, rather than stagger around the world in search of a better life.
      1. Skiff
        Skiff 19 July 2013 10: 48 New
        0
        It’s true, you still have to look for Turkmen workers in Russia, because you probably won’t find ...
        1. POBEDA
          POBEDA 23 July 2013 20: 57 New
          0
          Turkmens need a visa to Russia, so they are not here. But ordinary people live there very, very poor. And under tight supervision.
    3. King
      King 19 July 2013 09: 36 New
      +2
      Competently doing the Turkmens do not let anyone into their country thereby protecting themselves from the orange revolutions. judging by the composition of the armed forces. they don’t spend much money on updating technology than they can pay in the future.
      1. APASUS
        APASUS 19 July 2013 22: 07 New
        0
        Quote: King
        Competently doing the Turkmens do not let anyone into their country thereby protecting themselves from the orange revolutions.

        First of all, they did not destroy their foundations, they did not allow new preachers from Qatar to enter the country, and behind them a whole series of problems
    4. Terrible ensign
      Terrible ensign 19 July 2013 10: 22 New
      +1
      Thanks for the analysis!
      For a long time I was waiting for similar material about Turkmenistan.
      Interesting country. Interesting people. There is very little information coming from there - it’s located outside the information flows ... Photo, apparently, from some kind of parade.
      The form is in trend ... What kind of bullpups do the boys have, tell me, they know ...
      1. bazilio
        bazilio 19 July 2013 11: 40 New
        +5
        Quote: Scary Warrant Officer
        What kind of bullpups do the boys have, tell me, they know ..

        this is Tavor (TAR 21) model Tavor CTAR 21, or more precisely, its Ukrainian counterpart Fort 221. It seems that the Ukrainian counterpart is cheaper than the Israeli original + given some military-technical cooperation with Ukraine, Turkmenistan bought Tavor from the Ukrainians.
        1. Pimply
          Pimply 19 July 2013 14: 26 New
          +1
          Did Ukrainians buy it? It’s interesting, like, the first sale then comes out of Ukraine. Is there any proof?
          1. bazilio
            bazilio 19 July 2013 17: 22 New
            0
            Quote: Pimply
            Did Ukrainians buy it? It’s interesting, like, the first sale then comes out of Ukraine. Is there any proof?

            no, that's my guess. Ukrainians are cheaper (it seems to me) + "It includes five Grif-T patrol boats of Ukrainian production" (from this article) + "It came to the point that, in pompous military parades, the eyes of the Turkmenbashi the Great caressed the passage of pilots pilots from Ukraine "(this is from here http://topwar.ru/6191-armii-mira-vooruzhennye-sily-turkmenii.html)
            Looks like Turkmenistan and Ukraine have well-established military-technical cooperation. But again, this is my speculation. Apart from Israel and Ukraine, no one else produces Tavors, and if so, then procurement in Ukraine seems more real.
            1. Yarbay
              Yarbay 20 July 2013 09: 23 New
              0
              Quote: bazilio
              "It came to the point that at the grandiose military parades, the eyes of the" great Turkmenbashi "caressed the passage of aircraft piloted by pilots from Ukraine"

              Hello dear!
              And what they do not have their pilots?
    5. a.hamster55
      a.hamster55 19 July 2013 11: 29 New
      +4
      He served 7 years on the “SUNFLOWER” in the 1994 year, left there 218 aircraft (MiG-23 and Su-25). And Tekinians are the highest caste in Turkmenistan, they even outwardly differ from others and lower castes are compared with dogs.
      1. Leisure
        Leisure 19 July 2013 15: 33 New
        +2
        This is the weakness of the Turkmens (Tekins are the highest caste in Turkmenistan, they even outwardly differ from others and the lower castes are compared with dogs). If something happens, the “dogs” may even set you up.
    6. smiths xnumx
      smiths xnumx 19 July 2013 12: 11 New
      +2
      It is worth noting the policy of the Turkmen leadership on the rearmament of the army: the purchase from us of 10 T-90, 2 MRK project 1241.8, 2 PKA "Sobol". Georgia has modernized 43 military aircraft and 8 helicopters for Turkmenistan (including 22 Su-25 attack aircraft for more than $ 22 million); In addition, Turkmenistan acquired two new combat aircraft from Georgia. Radar "Chain Mail" was purchased from Ukraine. Existing weapons are also maintained in good condition and are being upgraded. Yours faithfully! hi
      1. saruman
        saruman 19 July 2013 12: 31 New
        +1
        Pretty impressive fleet of armored vehicles. Not a few planes.
    7. Tan4ik
      Tan4ik 19 July 2013 14: 10 New
      +1
      Good country, you can’t say anything bad. A year ago, in my childhood dreams I wanted to go there wink
    8. Pimply
      Pimply 19 July 2013 14: 23 New
      0
      Very funny, very. The guys have Tavors in the picture.
    9. knn54
      knn54 19 July 2013 17: 49 New
      +1
      Not everything is so smooth.
      Hazing is flourishing, which in the Turkmen army has its own characteristics.
      Beatings of young conscription soldiers by old-timers, nightly mass fights in barracks take place not only because someone served more, but someone just started, but also on tribal and intergeneric soil. Therefore, parents are ready for anything, if only their son would serve in his native region or capital.
      The scale of drug trafficking among military personnel (even among young officers) of the Turkmen army is so great that almost no meeting of the State Security Council of Turkmenistan is held without mentioning this problem. A lot of cases of soldiers' deaths are related to drugs - it can be an overdose, or guys drugged by drugs die in fights.
      There are frequent cases of death of conscripts in the border troops when border guards try to get in the way of smugglers and drug couriers.
    10. Sirius-2
      Sirius-2 19 July 2013 19: 06 New
      +1
      Article "+". But I will say "fly in the ointment": Turkmenistan has a lot of oil and gas! So! And where is the "democracy" of the United States? Where oil and gas are! They, the Turkmens, need to prepare: purchase S-300 air defense systems, for example. Or the "color revolution", or the invasion of fanatics from all over the Islamic world. All of these USA, Qatar are now occupied by Afghanistan, Syria, Egypt, etc. Their hands will be untied there - they will reach the treasures of Turkmenistan.
      1. biglow
        biglow 19 July 2013 20: 00 New
        +1
        Quote: Sirius-2
        Article "+". But I will say "fly in the ointment": Turkmenistan has a lot of oil and gas! So! And where is the "democracy" of the United States? Where oil and gas are! They, the Turkmens, need to prepare: purchase S-300 air defense systems, for example. Or the "color revolution", or the invasion of fanatics from all over the Islamic world. All of these USA, Qatar are now occupied by Afghanistan, Syria, Egypt, etc. Their hands will be untied there - they will reach the treasures of Turkmenistan.

        this issue has also been around for a long time when they will begin to democratize Turkmenistan with their oil and gas reserves, it is probably among the doves of the world on the list
        1. Starshina wmf
          Starshina wmf 2 August 2013 08: 09 New
          0
          Yes, she has been friends with ami for a long time. Therefore, we have a strained relationship.
    11. Rustam009
      Rustam009 20 July 2013 00: 51 New
      0
      Their form is beautiful, it looks more modern, not like ours.
      1. biglow
        biglow 20 July 2013 09: 10 New
        +1
        Quote: Rustam09
        Their form is beautiful, it looks more modern, not like ours.

        not form is fighting but content