About a third of the total amount of orders was financially accounted for by Airbus aircraft. In the seven days of the cabin, the European aircraft manufacturing giant has signed contracts and memoranda on 466 aircraft worth almost 69 billions of dollars. The American company Boeing with orders and arrangements for the 442 aircraft — about 66,4 billion dollars — was slightly behind “Erbas”. Also worth noting is the success of the aviation division of General Electric Corporation. It has signed several large contracts for the supply of aircraft engines and electronic equipment, in accordance with which 26 billions will be earned.
Unfortunately, Russian aircraft manufacturers cannot yet boast figures of such an order. As already mentioned, enterprises that are part of the United Aircraft Building Corporation (UAC), were able to get contracts for only 2,6 billion dollars, which is an order of magnitude less than the corresponding figure of General Electric alone. Nevertheless, such successes of the Russian aviation industry against the background of previous years look good. Of particular interest is the contract of the Sukhoi Civil Aircraft Company and the Ilyushin Finance leasing organization. In accordance with this agreement, deliveries of 2015 Superjet aircraft will begin in 20. The 15 of the SSJ-100 airplanes in the base version and five RRJ-95LRs are scheduled to be leased to third countries. The main buyers are expected to be the states of Southeast Asia and the Middle East.
A few more were also associated with Superjet liners. News. The first of these concerned the supply of already built aircraft. On June 18, as part of the Le Bourget salon, Russian aircraft manufacturers handed over the first board of the SSJ-100 model to the Mexican airline Interjet. This company has already made a firm order for 20 aircraft and an option for another 10. It is noteworthy that Interjet is the first Western customer of new Russian passenger aircraft.
19 June Sukhoi Civil Aircraft and AeroLease, a Bahraini-based company, signed an agreement to finance the Superjet leasing. According to this document, in the future, AeroLease will assume the economic aspects of leasing the supplied aircraft. Last year, the Russian side talked about the start of negotiations with the Bahraini carriers for the supply of aircraft. Probably, an agreement has been reached, but the airlines of Bahrain are forced to use the services of leasing organizations. By the end of this year, the first solid supply contracts for SSJ-100 to Bahraini companies are expected to be signed.
It is worth noting that the Sukhoi Superjet was not the only Russian passenger aircraft that became the subject of contracts and agreements. For example, Irkut Corporation and VEB-Leasing have signed an agreement of intent regarding the promising airliner MC-21. The leasing division of Vnesheconombank wants to receive three dozen of such aircraft with a total value of 2,5 billion dollars. Despite such large numbers, this agreement did not increase the overall results of Russia at the salon, because so far it is only about the intentions of the parties. If everything goes according to plans, then a solid supply contract for MC-21 can be signed at the Le Bourget-2017 exhibition.
As always, the greatest interest on the part of customers was caused by Russian military aircraft. So, one day before the official opening of the exhibition Le Bourget, June 16, the USA and Russian Helicopters signed another contract for the supply of multi-purpose Mi-17В-5 helicopters for the Afghan Air Force. This time, customers are ready to pay more than 500 million dollars for three dozen helicopters. After fulfilling this contract, more than sixty such helicopters will serve in the Afghan air force. According to reports, the current contract may not be the last, since the helicopters of the Mi-17 family are of great interest to the customer due to the specific geographical conditions of Afghanistan.
Also, prior to the exhibition, it became known about plans to sign several other contracts. On the very first day of the exhibition, Iraq ordered a number of attack Mi-28HE helicopters from Russia. According to some sources, the amount of this contract has exceeded four billion dollars. It is worth noting that for some reason a small "split" occurred in the press regarding the subject matter of the contract. In a number of publications, it was alleged that Iraq purchased Ka-52 helicopters, but later it turned out that the Middle Eastern country would receive Mi-made helicopters.
It is worth noting that the Ka-52 rotorcraft has also received the attention of the public and experts, but not very good news is associated with it. On the evening of June 17, when the pilot of the Russian helicopter was ready to begin the demonstration flight, he was forbidden to fly into the air. For unnamed reasons, the organizers of the exhibition moved the Ka-52 flight to a later time, and a couple of European Eurocopter Tiger were released into the air. The first demonstration flight of the Russian Ka-52 helicopter at Le Bourget still took place, but the reasons for its transfer for several hours remained without explanation. According to RIA Novosti and Interfax, the French Prime Minister Jean-Marc Airo was present at the exhibition at the appointed time of the flight of the Russian car. Perhaps it was this fact that caused the sudden change in the flight program schedule.
Ka-52 was first demonstrated at a French air show. Another Russian development, previously not flying on Le Bourget, was the Su-35С fighter. This aircraft has not yet become the subject of new contracts, but has aroused great interest on the part of specialists and guests of the exhibition. Spectacular demonstration flights and demonstration of a fighter at a static parking attracted the attention of the public and potential customers. It is likely that countries wishing to purchase such an aircraft will soon announce their intentions. In the meantime, the Su-35C is supplied only by the Russian Air Force, and soon a few cars will go to China.
The Yak-130 training aircraft were demonstrated in the air and in the parking lot. In addition to the already available information about this project, the representatives of the developer company told about their plans. Now the Yak-130 is primarily a training aircraft, although it can carry a limited amount of weapons. In the near future, the Yakovlev firm is going to make a full-fledged combat training modification of this aircraft. To this end, it is planned to strengthen the airframe, establish a reservation and the corresponding radio-electronic equipment. The aircraft will receive a radar station, optical-electronic equipment for the use of controlled weapons, electronic warfare systems, etc. After such an update, the Yak-130 will be able to become a light strike aircraft. Currently, this aircraft is delivered to customers exclusively in a training configuration. Modernization and empowerment are expected to have a positive impact on its export prospects.
The newest multi-purpose helicopter Ka-62 was demonstrated only in the form of a mockup. By now, the main work on this machine has already been completed and its first flight will take place soon. According to the current plans of Russian Helicopters, the first flight copy can be prepared for the upcoming Moscow MAKS-2013 salon. Despite the fact that the tests of the Ka-62 have not yet begun, this helicopter is already attracting the attention of customers. At the end of last year, the Brazilian company Atlas Táxi Aéreo signed a preliminary agreement for the supply of seven Ka-62. The same number of helicopters is provided by the available option. Other airlines have not yet shown a desire to acquire a new Russian helicopter, which, however, may be due to the current stage of the project. After the demonstration of the flight model, a sharp increase in interest in the helicopter is possible.
On the second day of the exhibition, news came about, perhaps, the most promising Russian aviation project of recent years. As the President of the United Aircraft Building Corporation M. Pogosyan said, the United Engine Corporation has completed the creation of an engine for the promising T-50 fighter. Completed the creation and refinement of the so-called. engine first stage. Such a power plant will be equipped with the first series of fighters. At present, the technical design of a more advanced second stage engine has begun. These motors, in turn, will be installed on the second series T-50. Thus, the turbojet engines of the first stage are operated on the prototype of the fighter currently available. With them, the plane will pass state tests scheduled for the next 2014 year.
Now Russia is trying in every way to promote its products on the international market. Thus, in order to increase the prospects for Mi-8 family helicopters in South Africa, Oboronprom Corporation agreed with Denel Aviation (South Africa) to expand the powers of the South African service center. A repair company opened in Johannesburg in March of this year can now not only carry out maintenance of Russian-made civilian and military helicopters, but also, if necessary, carry out complex repairs and upgrades. Thanks to this agreement, Denel Aviation will receive great advantages over other organizations engaged in the repair of helicopters, and Russian manufacturers of equipment - an additional "trump card" in promoting their products in the South African market.
The state corporation Rostec, in turn, agreed to cooperate with the Austrian company Diamond Aircraft Industries (DAI). The parties to the contract intend to create and build new light multipurpose aircraft that should replace the outdated An-2 and L-410. According to existing plans, during the first time the assembly of new aircraft will go to Austria. Later it is planned to transfer part and then all technological processes to Russian enterprises. The Uralsky Civil Aviation Plant (Ekaterinburg) is considered as a production site for airplanes of joint development. Such a deal is profitable for both parties. Russian will be able to use the great experience of the Austrian company, and she will be able to enter a new large market. In the opinion of DAI General Director K. Driza, Russia is a promising market, since its vast territories need a large number of light regional aircraft.
International cooperation in the field of aviation is gaining momentum. As Deputy Minister of Defense of Russia Y. Borisov noted, in recent years, the vector of relations between Russian and foreign industries has changed. Thus, leading foreign companies are ready not only to cooperate, but also to work on the principles of licensing the best technical solutions, including the subsequent localization in Russia. The fact that Western companies are ready to cooperate with our country without additional promises and persuasion Borisov called one of the most vivid impressions of the international air show in Le Bourget.
On the water and in space
During the press conferences at Le Bourget-2013, several interesting statements were made concerning not only aviation, but also other areas of international cooperation, including in the military-technical field. 18 Jun. Yu. Borisov denied the earlier information about the unsuitability of the French-made Mistral-type amphibious assault ships for service in the Russian Navy. All information about the unsuitability of these ships to the northern latitudes or the impossibility of using domestic fuels and lubricants was announced by the Deputy Minister of Defense as true. At the same time, Borisov announced other information that caused a lot of questions. According to him, the aft part of the first Mistral for Russia will be built in France, since the St. Petersburg enterprise Severnaya Verf did not cope with this task and failed the deadlines. The questions arose because the construction of the stern section of the ship was not carried out by the Northern Shipyard, but by the Baltic Shipyard. Moreover, the feed of the future ship is already almost ready and will soon be sent to France.
During the Le Bourget-2013 show, the European Space Agency and Thales Alenia Space signed a contract for the ExoMars research program. In accordance with this document, Thales Alenia Space will continue to work on the creation of a spacecraft intended for the study of Mars. The European Space Agency and Thales Alenia Space in 2016 will prepare to launch the TGO orbital probe, whose task will be to study the atmosphere of the Red Planet. This probe will be attended by several Russian-developed instruments, the creation of which is carried out by the NPO them. Lavochkin. Approximately two years after that, two European and one Russian organizations will send a landing platform with a robot-rover to Mars. The Russian side will also ensure the launch of spacecraft from the Baikonur cosmodrome.
During the 18 press conference in June, UAC President M. Poghosyan did not fail to boast about the success of his organization. So, for the current 2013 year it is planned to build 40 civilian aircraft, including 26 "Superjet". In the following years, it is planned to bring the pace to 60-70 boards per year. The growth rate has a very real basis in the form of numerous orders. According to Pogosyan, on June 18, the United Aircraft Corporation's order book exceeded 740 aircraft with a total value of over one trillion rubles. About a third of this number of orders accounted for civil aviation equipment. The UAC President also spoke about plans for the growth of economic indicators of the aviation industry. In the past, 2012, the corporation's revenue amounted to 180 billion rubles, and this should increase to 220 billion. By 2015, it is planned to raise this figure to 330 billion rubles.
And yet Pogosyan was forced to admit that the United Aircraft Corporation is still generating a loss. Only two years later, it should reach the operating profit, after which it will give a steady income. According to the president of the corporation, its privatization should be carried out no earlier than in 2018-2020. Earlier it was reported that the privatization of the KLA could occur in 2014-2016, but a few months ago, the leadership of the Federal Property Management Agency began to talk about a possible shift in deadlines. Probably, the privatization of the organization will really happen only at the end of the decade.
In general, the past last week Le Bourget-2013 air show can be considered successful for domestic companies. Of course, this time there were no multibillion-dollar contracts for the supply of dozens or even hundreds of pieces of equipment, but against the background of previous years and existing achievements look good. In addition, it is necessary to note the fact that the success of salons is determined not only by the number and volume of contracts signed, but also by the number of attracted buyers. For obvious reasons, orders from such clients appear only a few months after the exhibition, after appropriate negotiations. Hopefully, demonstration performances and an exhibition of domestic products interested potential customers and in the near future negotiations on contracts will begin.
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