Military Review

Rescue ship project 21300 "Dolphin"

24
The Russian Navy plans to include the unique rescue ship Igor Belousov. The ship will be handed over the fleet in 2014, the Interfax news agency reported, citing a representative of the Russian Ministry of Defense. In total, the search and rescue support of the Russian fleet in the period from 2013 to 2016 will be replenished immediately with 20 new special purpose ships. As the Ministry of Defense told reporters, by the end of this year 4 boats of integrated emergency and rescue support will be built under the project 23040 for the Russian Black Sea Fleet.


"Another 12 boats built on this project will be laid at the shipyards and accepted into the fleets in the 2014 and 2015 years," said a representative of the Russian Navy. In addition, the search and rescue forces of the Caspian Flotilla will receive a new rescue tugboat SB-45 built according to the 22870 project, and the Leningrad naval base will be replenished with the rescue tugboat Victor Konetsky built according to the 745mbbs project. In 2014, the Navy of the country will receive 2 tugboats of the 02980 project, which are able to perform various rescue operations: assist ships in distress, search, evacuate and rescue affected people, place them on board, extinguish fires on coastal and floating objects, carry out underwater engineering works.

The largest and most anticipated rescue vessel in the fleet is the ship “Igor Belousov”, which is being built according to the 21300 “Dolphin” project. The basis for the creation of a modern rescue ship, equipped with the necessary deep-water equipment, was the death of the Russian nuclear submarine Kursk in August 2000, which clearly demonstrated the critical situation of the existing rescue service of the Russian Navy.

Rescue ship project 21300 "Dolphin"

In the tender announced by the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation for the creation of a ship of the 21300 pr., Preference was given to the Admiralty Shipyards enterprise, in the slip which 24 of December 2005 of the year was laid a unique rescue ship Igor Belousov. The project itself was developed in JSC CMB "Almaz". The construction of such vessels in the USSR and Russia was not carried out for nearly 30 years. According to the plans of naval sailors, each fleet should be equipped with one similar ship. Presumably the first ship of the series will conduct service in the Northern Fleet, and the next ship will be transferred to the Pacific Fleet of Russia. It was originally planned that the ship would be ready in 4 of the year, but these plans did not come true because of the complexity of the project and the significant interruptions that were associated with non-rhythmic funding. A new contract for the completion of the rescue ship Pr. Dolphin was signed in November 2011 of the year, it provides for the transfer of the finished ship to the customer in 2014 year.

The complexity of this project lies in the fact that at the same time with the ship in the shipyards there is a construction of a deep-sea rescue device of the 18271 pr. Bester-1, which will have a working depth of more than 700 meters. The carrier of this deep-sea device should be "Igor Belousov." The case of the device is made of high-strength alloy, specially created in the Central Research Institute of Structural Materials "Prometheus". At present, the titanium rescue deepwater apparatus (MUH) of the 18271 project has been sent from the Admiralty Shipyards to Nizhny Novgorod for testing.

The SGA of the 18271 Ave. was originally designed as a further modernization of the SGA of the 18270 Ave. "Bester", which was made in the 1994 year and became the first mobile rescue device in Russia. For the first time, practical exercises on air and road transport of this unit (with the involvement of the An-124 aircraft) were successfully held back in the 1996 year. The development of this project, as well as 18270, 1855 and 18551 projects, was carried out by Lazurit Central Design Bureau, which has been developing special rescue equipment for submariners for half a century, working in close cooperation with leading institutes of the country's Navy.


At present, Admiralty Shipyards, OJSC is building a new Bester-1 MCC, on which:

- mounted new electronic weapons, which are integrated into a single system;
- a life support system is used, which works reliably even with increased pressure in the rescue compartment; decompression of rescued submariners in the rescue compartment will be provided at the MUH (using the flow ventilation method);
- used high-performance "smart" working manipulators;
- reception of rescued submariners is guaranteed not only by the “dry”, but also by the “wet” method (at a depth of immersion to 60 meters).

In its specific characteristics (the number of tons of displacement on the 1 rescued), the modern Russian MUH is close to the new MUH Nemo, part of the NSRS rescue system used by the countries of the NATO bloc, but by the number of people rescued, the ability to stay on the current and depth of immersion is superior to the foreign equivalent.

The rescue vessel “Igor Belousov” is intended for rescue crews of emergency submarines in surface situations or lying on the ground, as well as supplying electricity, air, and rescue equipment to submarines and surface vessels. In addition, the ship can search and survey emergency facilities in a given area of ​​the world's oceans, including as part of international maritime rescue units.


On the rescue ship "Igor Belousov" will be located a whole range of various rescue equipment:

- habitable and uninhabited deep-water remote-controlled underwater vehicles with working depths up to 700 meters;
- it is foreseen to equip the ship with remote-controlled underwater vehicles of the “Venom”, “Sea Tiger” or “Scorpio” types;
-Equipment of modern serial deep-sea diving complex of the Scottish company DIVEX, designed for work at depths up to 450 meters. For more than 30-year-old history DIVEX built and commissioned more than 100 various deep-sea diving systems;
- diving post for work at depths up to 60 meters;
- decompression complex for 60 rescued people;

The deep-sea apparatuses with which the rescue complex is equipped are able to dock with any type of submarine. Additionally, sea rescue vessels built on the 21300 Dolphin project will be able to solve tasks not directly related to rescue and search, for example, to take part in the development of the shelf, as well as to carry out other underwater technical works at a considerable depth.

The ceremony of launching the rescue ship "Igor Belousov" was held at the JSC "Admiralty Shipyards" 30 October October 2012. Admiral Viktor Chirkov, Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Navy, Alexander Buzakov, General Director of Admiralty Shipyards, and Andrei Dyachkov, President of United Shipbuilding Corporation, took part in this solemn event.

"Igor Belousov", April 2013 of the year

The commander-in-chief of the Russian Navy, Admiral Viktor Chirkov, called the launching of the vessel a significant event for the entire Navy. “Today we are completing work on creating the concept of a search and rescue system. We plan that a rescue ship that will be able to solve a fairly wide range of search and rescue tasks, including rescue crews of emergency submarines, will be included in each of the Russian fleets, ”Chirkov said. During the design work on the rescue vessel of the 21300 ave. By the designers of the Almaz Central Magnetic Design Bureau, the entire current world experience in creating rescue equipment was analyzed and processed.

Alexander Shlyahtenko, general director of JSC CMDB Almaz, called launching Igor Belousov a double holiday for shipbuilders. According to him, this rescue ship is twice the first - the first large joint project of the Admiralty Shipyards and Almaz and the first ship of this class being built for the Russian fleet. Shlyakhtenko hopes that this project will become basic, and on the basis of the lead ship will be created and built new vessels for the development of the depths of the sea.

The main characteristics of the rescue vessel are: the length of the waterline is 97,8 m., The width of the ship is 17,2 m., The depth of the vessel on the mid-section is 10,6 m; displacement - 5037 tons. Seaworthiness: to safely stay in the open sea - unlimited; by descent-recovery rescue deepwater apparatus - the excitement of the sea in 3-4 points; on the descent-ascent of the diving bell - the excitement of the sea 5 points. Full travel speed - 15 nodes; The cruising distance of the ship at an economic speed with a full supply of fuel is 3500 nautical miles. The crew of the ship - 96 people; spare seats on board for rescued people are 120 (of which 60 is in pressure chambers).

Information sources:
-http: //vpk.name/news/91413_vmf_rossii_poluchit_dva_desyatka_spasatelnyih_sudov.html
-http: //militaryrussia.ru/blog/topic-745.html
-http://korabley.net/news/spasatelnoe_sudno_proekta_21300_igor_belousov_dlja_vmf_rf/2010-02-20-486
-http: //admship.ru/? p = 1344
-http: //sdelanounas.ru/blogs/28902
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  1. sapsan14
    sapsan14 20 June 2013 08: 10 New
    +6
    While you look at pictures, read news, it overflows with pride for people who are able to create something for the country. And then:Today we are finishing, We plan, it will become the base, will be created, plans to receive, will be laid... Everything in some future ... Although the motivation is encouraging
    1. avt
      avt 20 June 2013 09: 42 New
      +2
      Quote: sapsan14
      : Today we are completing, We plan, will become the base, will be created,

      Of course I would like to be quick, but on the whole it’s good, the old Soviet practice is being maintained, when a series of new lifeguards was made for the new type of boats.
      1. old man54
        old man54 20 June 2013 10: 40 New
        +1
        Quote: avt
        [but in general it’s good, the old Soviet practice is being maintained, when a series of new lifeguards was made for the new type of boats.

        what good is that? I’m talking about this old Soviet practice! :( It is necessary to create universal salvage ships that would be suitable for all types of submarines in service, as stated by Igor Belousov, and not to build your own lifeguard for each type of boat. So money I won’t get it, and it’s stupid. ”It’s time to stop the silly and destructive practice of the Soviet military-industrial complex for a long time, such as building your own submarine project for each new sea-based ICBM model.
        1. avt
          avt 20 June 2013 11: 00 New
          +1
          Quote: old man54
          I’m talking about this old Soviet practice! :( It is necessary to create universal salvage ships that would be suitable for all types of submarines in service, as stated by Igor Belousov, and not to build your own lifeguard for each type of boat. So money I’m not typed, and it's stupid.

          request Do you seriously believe that let's say a new deep-sea vehicle from a new rescuer does not dock to an old boat, but only say to Borea and Yasen? However, let the site’s marimans respond to this.
          1. old man54
            old man54 20 June 2013 14: 42 New
            +1
            Quote: avt
            Do you seriously believe that let's say a new deep-sea vehicle from a new rescuer does not dock to an old boat, but only say to Borea and Yasen? However, let the site’s marimans respond to this.

            No, I do not think so! Did I say that? Show me where? This is what you wrote above, which made me angry:
            old Soviet practice is maintained when a series of new lifeguards was made for a new type of boat

            Either I forgot how to read, or you are not quite correctly expressing your thought, I'm sorry.
            1. avt
              avt 20 June 2013 18: 34 New
              -1
              Quote: old man54
              Either I forgot how to read, or you are not quite correctly expressing your thought, I'm sorry.

              Perhaps. I meant that when building new boats, usually with increasing displacement, a new series of rescue vessels with improved characteristics and new rescue and not only deep-sea vehicles and systems was always laid.
              1. old man54
                old man54 21 June 2013 10: 16 New
                +3
                Quote: avt
                I meant that when building new boats, usually with an increasing displacement, a new series of rescue vessels with improved characteristics and new rescue and not only deep-sea vehicles and systems was always laid.

                no, apparently I still haven’t forgotten how to read! :)) If you lay a new type of emergency equipment for each new submarine project in case of a possible accident with them, you can only be glad that you are not our Minister of Defense or the commander Fleet of the Russian Federation! :)))

                Means of rescue and evacuation of crews of emergency submarines ALWAYS UNIVERSAL for all submarines available on weapons! Otherwise, it will be utopia and nonsense, which you rarely find! There is a certain standard for emergency rescue equipment for submarines, the main essence of which is to unify the devices and diameters of emergency submarine hatches, as well as the device and diameter of the docking coaming (platform) for the rescue botiskaf.
  2. vladsolo56
    vladsolo56 20 June 2013 08: 20 New
    -3
    a waste of money, what is this rescue ship? what is his speed? While the rescue operation, especially the submarines, must fit into the clock, it only gets to the place for a long time. There was a proposal to create a rescue vessel based on an ekranoplane, but someone very clever considered it to be unprofitable. Of course, after all, sometimes there are cases, just like with Kursk, when the crew should drown better than be saved.
    1. Evgeniy-111
      Evgeniy-111 20 June 2013 09: 44 New
      -11
      The salvation of drowning is the business of the drowning!
    2. old man54
      old man54 20 June 2013 10: 51 New
      +7
      Quote: vladsolo56
      a waste of money, what is this rescue ship? what is his speed? While the rescue operation, especially the submarines, must fit into the clock, it only gets to the place for a long time. There was a proposal to create a rescue vessel based on an ekranoplane, but someone very clever considered it to be unprofitable.

      Of course, it doesn’t often happen that a submarine is in distress not far from a naval base, I agree. But, if this happens somewhere in the ocean, then a lot of time will be left to find it, and it’s not at all a fact that they can be found at the bottom of the oceans. The story of K-129 is a prime example! So the ekranoplan may not always help. But in general, the ekranoplan idea is certainly wonderful. (I have long had serious suspicions that someone is diligently blocking the development of relevant military ekranoplanes of the far ocean zone even at the level of concept development. And I seriously believe that these are very serious agents of influence of American liberals in our government agencies). But there are quite a few examples from the history of the Navy when the boats were in distress almost at the outer raid of their Navy, or not far from them, at the ranges, so the presence of such a ship is not even harmful to the Navy. In addition, I believe that it can very well be used for reconnaissance and sabotage activities (it has excellent equipment for the use of underwater swimmers, and the deep-sea vehicle can be changed quickly), as well as for installing a prospectively expected domestic lighting system on the seabed of the underwater part underwater environment (which of course is not announced and not announced in the article). And this is another huge plus for this ship.
      1. A_Alex
        A_Alex 20 June 2013 22: 14 New
        0
        minus the ekranoplan - he does not like the strong sea swell and will not even leave the bay in a storm. Therefore, when a storm approaches, it will be forced to fall away from the place of salvation. The ekranoplan is good for quick transfer of first-aid equipment, search for emergency vessels.
        1. vladsolo56
          vladsolo56 21 June 2013 05: 32 New
          0
          And this rescuer who will save in a storm? he also will not be able to lower the boat, especially since the ekranoplane can be built according to the catamaran scheme and then his water resistance will not be worse or even better than that built today.
          There is normal Chinese wisdom, he who wants to achieve the goal, he is looking for ways to achieve it, and who does not, he finds a thousand excuses.
  3. old man54
    old man54 20 June 2013 10: 56 New
    +2
    I liked the article "+", but of course we’ve been swinging for a very long time, it’s an unacceptably long time!
  4. Argon
    Argon 20 June 2013 13: 26 New
    +3
    The salvage of an emergency submarine should be considered as a concept, and in this case the construction of the ships of this project seems to be (to put it mildly) a regressive step. We omit all the nuances (that the boat was found and it is not far away) and we will consider it simply as a diving platform. In fact, it can to do with excitement (the declared characteristics of the ballistic point are, in my opinion, overestimated by two considering sailing / displacement) to be at the maximum. To solve the problems described in the article, we need a rescue submarine (and preferably with a nuclear power plant) like the Lenok SDL but in a new level. Only the presence of a rescue boat allows you to radically solve the problems of weather, positioning, ice danger. And the presented project is ideal for monitoring \ repair of underwater gas pipelines. This is in the spirit of "Effective Managers" to hammer the headstock on a holy cause, and then also at the expense of the Navy solve commercial issues.
    1. Volkhov
      Volkhov 20 June 2013 19: 20 New
      0
      "Sharks" can be converted into rescue with rescue rockets.
      1. Argon
        Argon 20 June 2013 22: 26 New
        0
        Unfortunately, no. All of our military nuclear submarines are designed according to a no-Konstanton scheme, which excludes the laying of such a boat on the ground. Yes, and the large displacement of Vodovoz significantly limits the area of ​​work (expected), at the same time it leads to significant costs for the maintenance of the ship itself, but there is a significant a complex of special equipment. In my opinion, it should be a one-and-a-half-hull / single-hull submarine of the Kingston circuit with constant electric propulsion, according to the French circuit. But a ship like Mistral would be very suitable as the coordinating headquarters.
        1. Misantrop
          Misantrop 20 June 2013 22: 57 New
          +2
          Quote: Argon
          All of our combat submarines are designed according to a no-kston scheme.
          Not certainly in that way. End CBHs have kingstones to improve longitudinal stability in the water position. And, laying down on the ground, the nuclear submarines run the risk of pumping a bunch of garbage from the bottom into the circulation paths, which is fraught with the fall of the nuclear weapons
          1. Argon
            Argon 21 June 2013 01: 16 New
            0
            the boat is called a no-kitting boat, referring to precisely these cooling lines of the nuclear power plant, i.e. the absence of shutoff valves on the outboard line included in the STRONG building.
            1. Misantrop
              Misantrop 21 June 2013 09: 43 New
              +1
              Quote: Argon
              the boat is called a no-kitting boat, referring to precisely these cooling lines of the nuclear power plant, i.e. the absence of shutoff valves on the outboard line included in the STRONG building.

              Not at all. CBHs belong to the immersion system. And the division of the Central City Hospital into Kingston and Kingstonless is just on the basis of the presence / absence of these same Kingston. And the 4th circuit and circulation paths relate to PPU and PTU cooling systems, respectively. The 4th circuit, by the way, has Kingstones, and the receiving and ejection holes are located quite high. But circulating ones are much lower. They are clearly visible in the photo in the dock (the influx in the lower part of the hull in the stern):
        2. Volkhov
          Volkhov 21 June 2013 12: 09 New
          +1
          For installation on the ground, you can attach the skis like a helicopter, but in reality it’s too late already - in the 90s it was necessary to think. The Sharks themselves would be saved as future anti-missile defense ships - they are strong and have mines, they only need to upgrade the rocket, the noise and size do not interfere here, but they don’t understand it now, and then it will be empty.
          1. Bad_gr
            Bad_gr 22 June 2013 18: 50 New
            0
            Quote: Volkhov
            For installation on the ground, you can attach skis like a helicopter ....

            I came across information that the "typhoon" is just adapted to be on the ground, almost for months, since it has sliding base plates on which it stands all this time.

            I can not vouch for the reliability of the data, since I did not find any confirmation (as well as a refutation) of this information.
    2. A_Alex
      A_Alex 20 June 2013 22: 17 New
      -2
      Well, just underwater work on dodimi sunken equipment (secret locks and other things) than you are going to do. as far as I know, you can’t put the crane on the boat and you need to put deep-water vehicles somewhere
      1. Argon
        Argon 21 June 2013 01: 12 New
        +1
        Write clearly to all the questions I will answer
        1. A_Alex
          A_Alex 21 June 2013 09: 00 New
          -1
          Building a submarine is more difficult and more expensive than a ship, all the more nuclear. It is more difficult to place lifting equipment on a submarine. The amount of equipment on board will also be limited by the dimensions of the hull.
          1. old man54
            old man54 21 June 2013 10: 43 New
            0
            Quote: A_Alex
            Well, just underwater work on dodimi sunken equipment (secret locks and other things) than you are going to do. as far as I know you can’t put a crane on a boat

            modern boats, with their bulky harks, who doesn’t lift them with cranes from the bottom, why do you need such speculations? :)) they are raised with the help of special events, in each case differently, but always by creating a positive buoyancy on the sunken boat .
            and deep water machines need to be put somewhere

            Before you say anything so confidently, it would be nice to read the information, think, and then express your thoughts! Back in Soviet times, in 1975, 2 SDLs, pr.940 Lenok, were designed to save submarines in distress at sea! They carried on the hull 2 ​​of the SPS pr. 1837, a special base for the salvation of the crews of the submarine. Questions?
            1. A_Alex
              A_Alex 21 June 2013 13: 25 New
              0
              Then why the project did not continue! By the way, the bathyscaphes have one minule; he cannot approach the hatch of the emergency boat lying on the ground with a strong roll to any side. So it was with Kursk
      2. Misantrop
        Misantrop 21 June 2013 10: 35 New
        +1
        Quote: A_Alex
        you can’t put a crane on the boat

        SUCH taps do not exist, even stationary. You need to lift the pontoons. And for this we need a towing system for these pontoons, means of their attachment to the body + a powerful compressed air supply system for pumping them. Much more powerful than the full-time submarine, as regular blowing will be at a depth. The energy of an electric submarine simply cannot cope with this.
        1. A_Alex
          A_Alex 21 June 2013 13: 22 New
          0
          I am aware of how underwater work is done at large-sized facilities. I mean other work is not so load-bearing. In addition, our rescue ships often perform the functions of reconnaissance of the sea shelf and channeling of fairways
    3. old man54
      old man54 21 June 2013 18: 39 New
      0
      Quote: Argon
      And the presented project is ideally suited for monitoring \ repair of underwater gas pipelines. This is in the spirit of the "Effective Managers" to hammer the headstock on a holy cause, and then also solve commercial issues at the expense of the Navy.

      I’m very afraid that you will be right, damn it!: (((
      I think by what fleet, after being commissioned, they will determine it, much will be understood. If they leave him at the BF, where they will soon put the submarine gas pipe into operation, then probably your forecasts are correct. If, for example, they transfer to the Northern Fleet, where it is 100 times more in demand, then it will be built specifically for salvage operations. Wait and see.:)
  5. sergey158-29
    sergey158-29 20 June 2013 14: 10 New
    +2
    I want to say thanks to the designers who started taking care of the submariners good ... only very slowly
  6. Sochi
    Sochi 20 June 2013 17: 09 New
    +1
    The rescue ship must be universal, because you cannot get enough for every type of ship disaster ...
  7. Kavtorang
    Kavtorang 20 June 2013 17: 32 New
    +4
    "-it is provided for equipping the ship with remote-controlled underwater vehicles of the Venom, Sea Tiger, or Scorpio types;
    -equipping the modern serial deep-sea diving complex of the Scottish company DIVEX, designed for work at depths up to 450 meters. For more than 30 years of history, DIVEX has built and commissioned more than 100 different deep-sea diving systems ... "
    - - i.e. “Bester”, at least one, at least the other, it’s in every way cooler than any geyuropa and damned Americans and somewhere very close, but not to say that it was ready and was here and now. Then. Someday. May be.
    Fucking news. Those. SS "Alagez" - not an offset, the new one is out of the picture - although in the photo - it is, so far, a bunch of pretty rusty iron.
    And sobsna, where are our site cheer-pozrioty - gone on vacation?
    How all these promises are sickened up - yes show me a new ship, albeit a good helper, at the Pacific Fleet - I will probably settle down in my sharp assessments. In the meantime, I have the right to give this fleet 15 years of life. So far - another promise.
  8. VohaAhov
    VohaAhov 20 June 2013 18: 16 New
    +1
    Such a ship is needed by the fleet. But he alone will not do anything. You need a series of at least 4 units, one for each fleet.
  9. stoqn477
    stoqn477 20 June 2013 21: 13 New
    0
    A good ship looks. I hope never to use it in a real situation. And to do something, at least build one lifeguard for each fleet