Military Review

Russian naval aviation. What's next?

32
By the beginning of the 90s, the Russian fleet had 2 air divisions, 23 separate aviation regiments, 8 separate air squadrons, 1st air group. They included: 145 Tu-22M2 and M3,67 Tu-142,45 Il-38,223 Ka-27, Ka-25 and Mi-14,41 Ka-29. In total, more than 500 combat aircraft and helicopters, excluding transport, reconnaissance, rescue and electronic warfare. As of 2012, there were 7 airbases and one separate 279th naval air regiment assigned to Kuznetsov in naval aviation.


The fleet of aircraft includes about 300 aircraft: 24 Su-24 / MP, 21 Su-33 (in the flying state no more than 12), 16 Tu-142 (in the flying state no more than 10), 4 Su-25 UTG (279 No-16) ship air regiment), 38 IL-10 (no more than 7 in flight status), 12 Be-95 (mainly on the Black Sea Fleet, will be written off soon), 27 Ka-70 (not more than 10 are OK), 29 Ka-16 ( assigned to marines), 8 Ni-11, 12 AN-47 (somewhat razvedvariantah and EW), 24 AN-26 and An-8, 72 AN-5, 134 Tu-2, 154 Tu-2, 18 IL-1 , 22 IL-1, 20 IL-4, 134 Tu-50UBL. Of these, technically sound, capable of performing a combat mission in full, no more than 30%. Annual flight time, on average, per crew, within XNUMX hours.



From the figures presented it can be seen that the number naval combat aircraft and helicopters decreased by 3 times. Tu-22M naval aviation regiments and naval attack aircraft were completely eliminated. In general, compared with the 92nd year, the fleet of anti-submarine aircraft decreased by 73%, in total aircraft by 70%, helicopters by 74%. Anti-submarine aviation continues to operate two types of aircraft Il-38 and Tu-142MZ / MK. These four-engine aircraft are in service with two "large" fleets - the North and the Pacific. Their main task is to find, detect, track and destroy enemy submarines.

It should be noted that these functions also imply the fulfillment of real peacetime tasks - the so-called “combat patrol departures”, in which the aircraft search and track submarines in international waters. These sorties can be offensive and defensive. The former include the SSBN patrol zones of a potential enemy, primarily American submarines. In the second case, the Russian anti-submarine aviation covers the potential patrol zones of its strategic missile-carriers, observing the activity of enemy submarines, which may pose a threat to the Russian SSBNs while they are in combat duty.

For example, similar flights of that time are carried out by the Tu-142 and Il-38 around the Kamchatka Peninsula, where Russian SSBNs are usually located. The Tu-142 patrol and anti-submarine aircraft were developed based on the Tu-95 strategic bomber specifically for long-range operations in ocean waters. The range is 4500 km. The aircraft entered service in 1972, the current modifications of the Tu-142MK and Tu-142MZ entered service in the 1980-s. and were in production until the beginning of the 1990's.



Both fleets each have one squadron of these aircraft. Resource glider aircraft is still very significant, but their modernization is not planned. The last Tu-142 will most likely be decommissioned by 2020. The flights of these aircraft were suspended after the 6 November 2009 crash of the year Tu-142МЗ belonging to 568 to the separate mixed aviation regiment of the Pacific Fleet (n. Mongohto, Khabarovsk Territory, Kamenny Ruchei airfield). 9 on November at the crash site (at a distance of 26 km from the home airfield), during the search and rescue operation, floating fragments of the aircraft design and body parts of the dead were found. On board the Tu-142MZ were 11 military personnel. In the spring of 2011 of the year (that is, almost a year and a half), the investigation of the disaster was completed. The official reason is called the "human factor".

IL-38 is the second type of Russian anti-submarine and patrol aircraft. Originally intended to operate in the “middle ocean zone”, it was put into service in 1968, created on the basis of the famous passenger IL-18. The remaining copies of the construction of the end of the 1960-beginning of the 1970-ies. are in service with one squadron of the Northern Fleet and two Pacific.



Despite its age, the life of the gliders remains very significant, and the cost of operation is relatively low. A part of the park is supposed to be modernized in order to increase their capabilities. However, today the combat readiness of these aircraft is not very high, in August XNUMHgoda, I had the opportunity to observe the flights of these vehicles from the Nikolaevka airfield, not far from the city of Partizansk, in Primorsky Krai. Of the machines that were at the 2011 airfield, a significant part is in a very unattractive condition, half of them are able to rise from the force.

The future is not clear and the naval aviation reconnaissance, the Il-20 reconnaissance units built by 70-ies, also created on the basis of the Il-18, are physically and morally obsolete. The number of built reconnaissance Tu-214Р, created by him for replacement, decided to limit the pair of pieces.



As stated by the military, he is not very suitable for them, since he is not able to carry out stable flight at low speeds, in patrol mode. Not satisfied as the time spent in the air, in this parameter, it is inferior to IL-20. Obviously, for these requirements, the aircraft equipped with turboprop engines is more appropriate. However, a particularly untidy sludge left a visit to the 2011 year at Vozdvizhenka airfield near Ussuriysk. At one time I still found there flights of the fleet Tu-16. Which were replaced at the beginning of the 90's supersonic Tu-22М3. Currently, these are not old cars, are on the "conservation", in the open. Their condition today, can be judged by the photos.

Russian naval aviation. What's next?





In general, the future of naval aviation in our country is very vague. There are no clear predictions from the authorities, against the background of the upcoming mass write-off of aircraft in old age, about its development for the future is not announced. A replacement is planned for the near future due to wear, the deck Su-33 on the MiG-29K.

As well as the modernization of the IL-38. And this is all for now ...

Someone can say that our country does not need naval aviation at all, all tasks can be solved within the framework of the Air Force.
But let's see how things are with our closest "probable friends."

The United States Navy aviation, taking into account those in reserve, has about 2000 aircraft, which is comparable to the entire fleet of domestic air forces, of which only the anti-submarine R-3 "Orion" (similar to IL-38), more than 150.


In-flight basic patrol: P-8 "Poseidon" and P-3 "Orion"
Delivery began in the Navy of the new base patrol P-8 "Poseidon", created on the basis of the Boeing 737. The theme of marine UAVs is actively developing.



The command of the US Navy intends to conclude contracts for the creation of carrier-based unmanned aerial vehicles (UCLASS) with four US companies: Boeing, General Atomics, Lockheed Martin and Northrop Grumman. As reported by Flightglobal, the contracts will be concluded as part of a tender for the creation and supply of the deck drone.

China is also strengthening its naval aviation. The number of naval aviation fleets, excluding transport and auxiliary, exceeds 400 aircraft and helicopters. There is a replacement and modernization of obsolete samples. The most combat-ready are those built by our country and built on the spot: 50 Su-30МК2, fighters of their own design: 24 J-10А, fighter-bombers adapted for strikes against sea targets: 54 JH-7A.

Creates its own carrier-based aircraft, for basing on aircraft carriers. Fleet aviation bombers are represented by the Chinese equivalent Tu-16-Hun-6 (H-6). Hun-6 in the marine version became known as Hun-6D and can carry air-ship missiles C-601 and C-611 with a range of up to 200 km.



In addition, fleet aviation has a modification of the Hun-6D tanker aircraft, which can refuel equipment in the air.

India also pays great attention to its naval aviation. It is particularly noteworthy that the armament of the naval aviation of this country consists of Soviet and Russian equipment. Recently, contracts were concluded with Russia for the modernization of the existing Tu-142 and Il-38 with the equipping of the Sea Snake onboard search and sight system.


Tu-142 Indian Navy


Satellite image Google Earth: IL-38, Tu-142 Indian Navy, Goa airfield

Also, on the basis of the P-8A "Poseidon" an export version of the P-8I was created for the Indian Navy.


P-8I "Poseidon" Indian Navy

The first 12 vehicles should be commissioned by Indian Naval Aviation in the 2013 year. Total Indians are planning to get up to Sea Gods 24
A batch of MiG-29K was purchased for basing on aircraft carriers.

As we can see, naval aviation abroad continues to grow rapidly, because without it, the naval forces are not able to adequately and fully perform their tasks.

Sources:
http://topwar.ru/5642-den-rozhdeniya-morskoy-aviacii-vmf-rossii-morskaya-aviaciya-rossii-i-ss
http://www.samoupravlenie.ru/28-12.php
http://periscope2.ru/2012/03/12/5373/
http://structure.mil.ru/structure/forces/navy/structure/naval_aviation.htm
http://ru.zero.wikipedia.org/wiki/Военно-морские_силы_США
http://mirror.flot.com/nowadays/concept/opposite/uavspecialists.htm
K.V Chuprin: "THE ARMED FORCES OF THE CIS AND BALTIC COUNTRIES". Directory.
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  1. fzr1000
    fzr1000 April 29 2013 08: 16
    23
    Yes .. full .... star, to be honest.
    1. avt
      avt April 29 2013 09: 25
      11
      Quote: fzr1000
      Yes .. full .... star, to be honest.

      Reply Quote Report Abuse

      Looks like yes full negative maybe they’ll add a couple of Be-200s, and so the gap is not visible.
      1. Bongo
        April 29 2013 10: 22
        11
        Amphibious aircraft Be-200, the Ministry of Defense do not plan to purchase and never purchased (under Serdyukov). All issued in the Ministry of Emergency Situations Aviation, in pazharny version.
        1. avt
          avt April 29 2013 11: 21
          +4
          Quote: Bongo
          Amphibious aircraft Be-200, the Ministry of Defense do not plan to purchase and never purchased (under Serdyukov). All issued in the Ministry of Emergency Situations Aviation, in pazharny version.

          There was an infa site that they will order in the PSS version with the new minister.
          1. Bongo
            April 29 2013 13: 46
            +4
            I would like to, but they are not in the plans for this year.
          2. self-propelled
            self-propelled April 29 2013 22: 39
            +5
            Quote: avt
            Was on the site that they will order infa version of the MSS with the new Minister

            eh. The Albatross would be put on stream. and not only (and not so much) as the PSS, but also as an anti-submarine. a great car that has no analogues in its class. and the Brits were very interested in her ...
            A-40 Albatross
      2. laurbalaur
        laurbalaur April 29 2013 17: 00
        +1
        avt ? and it would be nice, only the BE-200 will not be able to perform the tasks of IL-38 ((
  2. svp67
    svp67 April 29 2013 08: 27
    0
    Recently, we have been more and more pleased with the news about the rearmament and modernization of our air force, I hope that the naval aviation has also passed its lowest point of "decline" and will now begin to rise - since the defense capability of our country directly depends on it ...
  3. Canep
    Canep April 29 2013 08: 28
    +2
    How much is lost and lost, "thanks" to our two "leaders" - Gorbachev, who sold everything, and Yeltsin, who spent everything on drink. Work on the restoration of naval aviation is immeasurable.
    1. Nayhas
      Nayhas April 29 2013 08: 53
      +5
      And what does Gorbachev have to do with it? He personally ruined naval aviation? You can grit your teeth with anger as much as you like, but under Gorbachev, almost all the aircraft currently in operation, from MiG-29 to Tu-160, were built. And Tu-142M3 all the more.
      1. Bongo
        April 29 2013 10: 23
        13
        Fully agree with you, the greatest losses, naval aviation suffered in the last 12 years.
        1. Shkodnik65
          Shkodnik65 April 30 2013 13: 25
          11
          I mean, under ... Putin ...
      2. Canep
        Canep April 29 2013 11: 30
        +5
        Work on all these aircraft began before the appearance on the political scene of Gorbachev, the 142nd general modernization of the Tu-95, which they probably began to design under Stalin.
      3. svp67
        svp67 April 29 2013 12: 21
        +8
        Quote: Nayhas
        but under Gorbachev, almost all aircraft currently in operation were built, from the MiG-29 to the Tu-160. And the Tu-142M3 even more so.
        Yes, I don’t agree, all this was built not thanks to Gorbachev, but in spite of him, because he was hard at planting the production of pots and pans at these plants ...
        1. Nayhas
          Nayhas April 29 2013 19: 51
          +4
          Yes, everything went as it should, but Gorbachev did not issue decrees on the collapse of naval aviation, did not demand that all the cars be scrapped? Gorbachev didn’t stick his nose there at all. He is guilty of many crimes, but honestly already tired of trying to accuse him of every crap. Gorbachev took over the country, which was already on the verge, by 1984. the whole country lived on coupons, for example, let’s say now I can hardly explain to the young, ended up with what ended, would there be another option?
          1. Canep
            Canep April 30 2013 04: 47
            +3
            In the 84th there were no coupons. Coupons appeared under Gorbachev, Forward to sugar, from which they drove moonshine, and then gradually to everything else. His anti-alcohol program killed the economy.
            1. Volozhanin
              Volozhanin 1 May 2013 06: 33
              0
              Coupons appeared, as it were, not yet under Brezhnev, I remember the year 1981, for butter. We lost sugar in the late autumn of '87, and there were real advantages in the anti-campaign campaign, but they prefer to keep quiet about it. However, there were enough excesses. , and then and after the 2000th.
      4. 12061973
        12061973 April 29 2013 12: 23
        +7
        not with, but contrary to the hunchback.
      5. Odysseus
        Odysseus April 29 2013 12: 43
        10
        Quote: Nayhas
        And what does Gorbachev have to do with it? He personally ruined naval aviation? You can grit your teeth with anger as much as you like, but under Gorbachev, almost all aircraft currently in operation were built, from MiG-29 to Tu-160

        He pursued a policy of perestroika (transition to capitalism) which ended in the collapse of the USSR and its economy, as a result of which no planes were built in the future.
        Well, at the beginning of Gorbachev’s leadership, the Soviet planned economy was still functioning and therefore the production of aircraft was in full swing.
      6. laurbalaur
        laurbalaur April 29 2013 17: 04
        +4
        Respected Nayhas , Gorbachev was still a virgin, when the TU-142 stood on the wing, do not smash the rubbish!
        1. Nayhas
          Nayhas April 29 2013 19: 44
          +2
          Dmitry, I wrote about the Tu-142M3, which began to be produced in 1985. It was this modification that survived.
          1. laurbalaur
            laurbalaur April 29 2013 21: 53
            0
            I'll get better, I meant "political virginity" of the above-named state figure!))
    2. VAF
      VAF April 29 2013 18: 08
      13
      Quote: Canep
      "thanks" to our two "leaders" - Gorbachev, who sold everything, and Yeltsin,


      Hello namesake! You are not right here, or rather, partly right. Humpbacked was actually out of the question (specifically for fleet aviation), but Yelkin, yes, the Black Sea Fleet aviation ceased to exist thanks to his efforts!

      But ask the question, who "ruled" the aviation of the Baltic Fleet, the Northern Fleet and the TO? Or .. "weak"? wink
      1. Botanologist
        Botanologist April 29 2013 21: 07
        +4
        Quote: vaf
        But ask yourself,


        Greetings, dear!
        Another answer would be ...
        1. VAF
          VAF April 29 2013 22: 39
          13
          Quote: Botanologist
          Another answer would be ...


          I welcome you categorically! : drinks

          The answer is simple, like the truth - Vova and Dima and "their beloved and adored" Taburetkin!

          All just once and there is no Fleet Aviation! crying
          1. Botanologist
            Botanologist April 30 2013 00: 06
            +2
            Quote: vaf
            All just once and no Fleet Aviation


            After another exacerbation of the 080808 type, they will start to run and clap their hands on the sides request . But something does not work out systematically.
  4. PROXOR
    PROXOR April 29 2013 13: 18
    +4
    The question is simply killer !!! And if we modernize what we will put into service? In intelligence, we ... oops.
  5. Ivan Tarasov
    Ivan Tarasov April 29 2013 14: 46
    0
    The fleet needs Albatross, why are cars still not delivered?
    1. VAF
      VAF April 29 2013 19: 19
      +6
      Quote: Ivan Tarasov
      The fleet needs Albatross


      The fleet does not need the Albatross, in that condition. In what it is at the moment (no seafaring!).

      Quote: Ivan Tarasov
      why are cars still not delivered?


      Because in the first place, there is already nothing on it from rigging and equipment (I’m generally speaking so as not to go into details).

      and secondly, all NIKOR on him .. "buried"! Unfortunately.!

      That's why it will never be!
      1. Ivan Tarasov
        Ivan Tarasov April 29 2013 21: 11
        0
        The seaworthiness of the Albatross is better than that of the Seagull.
        The car flew, it remains to bring and run in a series.
        And it needs to be done.
        1. VAF
          VAF April 29 2013 22: 45
          +6
          Quote: Ivan Tarasov
          The seaworthiness of the Albatross is better than that of the Seagull.


          You are mistaken, dear!

          Quote: Ivan Tarasov
          The car was flying


          From the waters of the Azov puddle and Gelendzhik Bay!

          Quote: Ivan Tarasov
          left to bring


          Do not read carefully? After all, I wrote, no one will start!

          What I argue with you, come to TNTK and see for yourself. All questions will disappear right away, along with .. hopes!
  6. Odysseus
    Odysseus April 29 2013 16: 06
    +8
    A good article giving a realistic view of the state of affairs in naval aviation.
    This situation is difficult. Especially its shortage (like the lack of new ships) is felt in the Far East.
  7. Thunderbolt
    Thunderbolt April 29 2013 16: 34
    10
    I don’t quite understand with the Tu-214R. Two did and it turned out only during the operation that turboprops were preferable? The military could not have foreseen or such things are achieved, only by experience request (((Tu-22M3 on conservation --- quiet horror. The removed hatches in the open air - they are dismantled for spare parts, chtoli? My An-2 did not fly outside the city either, but everything was "glued", but "wrapped" was , and here is a missile carrier.
    1. VAF
      VAF April 29 2013 18: 25
      15
      Quote: Thunderbolt
      I don’t quite understand


      Lyosha, hello!

      If very briefly, then on all issues:

      1. The author is huge +, though there are flaws:

      - the combat-ready units are greatly overestimated, its numbers by half or even more can be safely reduced!
      - I forgot to indicate the presence of the remnants of the former 698th Detachment Detachment for Civil Aviation and the 865th IAP. (Chkalovsk and Yelizovo) - although they were land sailors, but sailors, though they are no longer regiments, but air groups with a scanty number of combat-ready fighters, but still.
      Well, in Gvardeyskoye, the life of a group of old Su-24 and Su-24MR is still "glimmering".

      2. The Tu-214R is a wonderful plane, but ... here is the pure "policy" of the Tupolev Design Bureau and the desire to somehow cut down some more money for his life, because the great dad of the UAC Misha is rushing to his super-duper, that's why all sorts of contracts and "contractors" are born for technical support, expansion of operating conditions and a bunch of everything else, which allows you to continue to pull millions of money, while doing practically nothing.
      so you know 64502 and 64503 would fly with might and main now, but ..... bully

      3. The regiment in Vozdvizhenka was "killed" under the Great and Almighty, like the entire MPA as a whole, and not under Gorbat and Yolkin ....!
      Do not want fellow patriots recognize this fact!
      And this is not storage, but an ordinary cemetery, not subject to any restoration!
      1. Srgsoap
        Srgsoap April 29 2013 19: 01
        +7
        Serega welcome! For a long time it was not heard, as always, thanks for putting everything on the shelves. drinks good
        1. VAF
          VAF April 29 2013 19: 36
          11
          Quote: SrgSoap
          I have not heard for a long time


          Hello my friend! drinks

          And that's it, the "freebie" is over (hibernation), spring has come and "has come" and work. Look, the namesake of the SSI from the sunny Island of Freedom, does not climb out at all, soon it will become a black man from sunburn! fellow

          I went to Kiev, then I had to catch a holiday in Kubinka, watch the guys, find out the news and wait how Dima Selivanov blows for all Swifts.

          Well, I visited Kushchevka, saw how the new Lipetsk Swifts flock and prepare for "Le Bourges"!

          Quote: SrgSoap
          that laid out everything on the shelves


          And in another way it is impossible! Until you learn to voice the problem as it is, in spite of all the bitterness and shame, there will be nothing worthwhile !!!
          And it will be like in that famous film, well, the elder said wassat

          I would like to joke, but something jokes are not very "glued", just a photo, by the way, you can see a lot about the "real state of affairs" in the aviation of the fleet, unfortunately crying

          1. Srgsoap
            Srgsoap April 29 2013 22: 56
            +4
            Serega thank you, you have a rich program. Keep it up. I’m thinking where did the SSI go, and he smokes cigars with Fidel good
            If there are extreme photos of Swifts, put at least a couple for the collection. Thank.
          2. Normal
            Normal April 29 2013 23: 10
            +4
            Quote: vaf
            And that's it, the "freebie" is over (hibernation), spring has come and "has come" and work. Look, the namesake of the SSI from the sunny Island of Freedom, does not climb out at all, soon it will become a black man from sunburn!

            Hello and respect to the veteran! SSI health and success! Guys, the more work you have, the calmer we feel. Good luck to you!!! Do not despair, everything will be fine, the current government is not eternal, unlike the sun! For you and the Air Force! drinks
      2. queen
        queen April 29 2013 21: 02
        +8
        Quote: vaf
        And this is not storage, but an ordinary cemetery, not subject to any restoration!

        Sergey is low to you ... I understand your words, I know what you're talking about. I don’t know how to explain to my daughter that in the Motherland that she lives, she has already been sold, and to say that we have a country is stupid. There is only HOMELAND .
      3. Bongo
        April 30 2013 13: 57
        +5
        Thank! When I wrote the article, I assumed that the numbers would be overstated. The data correspond to 2012. Others in the open, trustworthy sources I could not find
  8. USNik
    USNik April 29 2013 17: 23
    -9
    Yes .. full .... star, to be honest.

    Yes, right now you can wrap yourself in a sheet and crawl towards the cemetery.
    And to think that ALL OF YOUR TIME is difficult? Now they are actively restoring the Air Force, will saturate the troops with modern fighters, attack aircraft, upgrade bombers and then, according to the schedule, they will take over naval aviation. The main thing is not to breed a panic and think with your head.
    1. queen
      queen April 29 2013 22: 56
      +8
      Quote: USNik
      Air Force is being actively restored

      where is it? or megalomania?
      Quote: USNik
      saturate troops with modern fighters

      Cast Iron on Enemies (Sergey thanks)

      Quote: USNik
      and then, on schedule, they’ll take over naval aviation

      do not make laugh, and so everything is bad. I'm sorry, but +
  9. laurbalaur
    laurbalaur April 29 2013 18: 26
    +1
    Quote: USNik
    Yes .. full .... star, to be honest.

    Yes, right now you can wrap yourself in a sheet and crawl towards the cemetery.
    And to think that ALL OF YOUR TIME is difficult? Now they are actively restoring the Air Force, will saturate the troops with modern fighters, attack aircraft, upgrade bombers and then, according to the schedule, they will take over naval aviation. The main thing is not to breed a panic and think with your head.

    Oh, in your words ...
  10. APASUS
    APASUS April 29 2013 20: 39
    +4
    There is still talk about cooperation with China on the Northern Sea Route, but the Russian naval aviation is not up to the mark. Some oil deposits beyond the Arctic Circle can be discussed if we have nothing to protect it from the air!