Military Review

Progress and prospects of the Mobile Landing Platform program

21
Last month was rich in reports regarding the new American project of ships for the Marine Corps. The lead ship of the MLP project (Mobile Landing Platform - Mobile Landing Platform), immediately designated T-MLP-1, was launched last year and has since been tested. Now, with a difference of several days, the naming ceremony took place, and the current progress in the tests and the fate of the ship were announced.


Progress and prospects of the Mobile Landing Platform program


March 1 held the ceremony of naming the new ship. The T-MLP-1 will now be named USNS Monford Point. The ship is named in honor of the famous base of the US Marine Corps in North Carolina, which in the forties of the last century were trained around 20000 black soldiers. Many of them showed themselves in battles and won state awards, bringing deserved glory to the place where they were trained. According to the US Navy Minister Ray Mabus, the need to name the new ship in honor of the heroes of Montfort Point and recognize their achievements has long been overdue. Now these plans are fulfilled.

A little later, the Ministry of the Navy announced that the test cycle of the lead ship of the MLP project was completed. The fleet and representatives of the company-developer General Dynamics conducted all the joint work on the basis of the US Navy in San Diego. According to reports, the ship is not yet ready for full operation and the next few months will be spent on the elimination of minor problems and deficiencies. Their specific nature is not called for objective reasons. Since the T-MLP-1, despite its appearance, is a combat landing craft, no one is in a hurry to disclose all the information about it.

However, it was announced that previous plans for the timing of the transfer of the naval forces and the start of operation will remain the same. As previously reported, the lead ship T-MLP-1 will be handed over to military sailors during the second or third quarter of the current 2013. The development of new equipment and crew training will take several more months, so full operation will begin only in the 2015 year. During this time, the US Navy, General Dynamics and the NASSCO shipyard plan to build a second ship of the T-MLP-2 project, which has already been given the name: USNS John Glenn. At the end of 2013, the third ship of the series will be laid.



The US Marine Corps and Navy have high hopes for the MLP project. The fact is that such vessels, in contrast to the universal landing craft (UDC) of the Wasp and America projects, are capable of performing a number of transport tasks with greater efficiency. These benefits are complemented by a relatively small price. The MLP project was made on the basis of commercial Alaska type tankers already mastered in production. This has a corresponding impact on the price of development and construction. So, the head UDC of the America project cost the Pentagon 3,4 a billion dollars. For the construction of the first ship of the type MLP had to pay several times less - "only" 500 millions. Even with a reduction in the cost of new UDC in connection with the mass production of “Mobile landing platforms” will retain unconditional financial leadership.

By their dimensions, MLP ships differ from UDC America sizes (length 233 m, width 50 m versus 257 and 32 m, respectively), but they have almost twice the displacement of about 80 th. Tons. Like universal landing ships, MLP have a large deck with an area of ​​about 25 thousand square feet (more than 2300 square meters), on which helicopters and aircraft of suitable types can be transported. First of all, it is MH-60 and MV-22. Inside the ship's hull cargo holds are located. A characteristic feature of the MLP project is a complex of fuel tanks with a total volume of about a thousand cubic meters of 1,4. These tanks are primarily intended for the transport of JP-5 aviation fuel.

According to reports, there are three LCAC hovercraft hangars in the front of the holds. Each such boat can take on board almost 70 tons of cargo and deliver it ashore at a speed of more than 40 knots. Thus, with over-the-air landing only using hovercraft, ships of the MLP type have the same capabilities as the UD Wasp. At the same time, up to three can be delivered to the shore by water tanks or up to 550 infantry. With certain reservations, the potential for the transfer of troops by helicopters or MV-22 tiltrotopes can be considered equal. One way or another, MLPs are capable of performing a number of UDC-specific tasks with at least no less efficiency.

A characteristic feature of the Mobile Landing Platform project is the fact that such ships have a modular design. This means that, at the request of the customer, the ship can be adapted not only for carrying and landing troops, but also for carrying out transport tasks. It is not difficult to guess what kind of cargo possibilities a ship created on the basis of a tanker may have. In addition, it is already possible to use the MLP as a supply vessel. In this case, one such transport during the trip will be able to provide fuel, provisions and ammunition to the whole ship group.

One of the main advantages of the "Montfort Point", "John Glenn" and other ships of the series are their capabilities for cruising range. Due to the specific "tanker" layout, the ship MLP is able to accelerate only to 15 nodes, but at the same time to overcome more than 9500 nautical miles with one fuel station. With such capabilities, as expected, “Amphibious platforms” will be able to operate far away from the bases, performing not only landing, but also transport functions. In fact, the characteristics of the range and modularity of the design allow the use of the MLP as a kind of floating warehouse.




Often in the description of the Mobile Landing Platform project, the specific appearance of the ships is mentioned. They are not much different from ordinary commercial vessels. Therefore, already now, before the official adoption of the T-MLP-1 in service, certain concerns are often expressed. It is argued that such a feature of ships in the future may have not very pleasant consequences in the light of international maritime law. An MLP ship may be disguised as a civilian tanker or a dry cargo vessel, which is not allowed by the relevant agreements. Some time ago, in the publication The Defense Industry Daily, it was claimed that the new landing ships would legally serve not in the US Navy, but in the Shipping Command. There was no official confirmation of this, so the legal question still remains open. It is worth noting that the hidden presence of warships in any area is not a popular method in the United States. Americans - primarily the US Navy - prefer to go out openly, showing strength.

Anyway, new ships are already being built and will be put into operation within a few years. The combination of capabilities and cost of the MLP platforms transparently hints that the command of the ILC and the Navy, in contrast to the leadership of other branches of the armed forces of the American armed forces and the highest circles of the Pentagon, have already found an acceptable way to reduce their costs. In addition to full-fledged UDC, they purchase ships capable of performing not only landing tasks. In the light of recent trends, this initiative could be an excellent example for other branches of the military.


On the materials of the sites:
http://maritime-executive.com/
http://rus.ruvr.ru/
http://bmpd.livejournal.com/
http://vpk-news.ru/
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  1. Professor
    Professor 28 March 2013 09: 33 New
    +4
    The crisis is a crisis, and the US Navy is growing and improving.
    1. neodymium
      neodymium 28 March 2013 10: 21 New
      +3
      Soon they will have to "mom" to sing in the galaxy ...
      Here they are writhing, reduce costs.
      But Club-K is still cheaper. laughing
    2. Papakiko
      Papakiko 28 March 2013 12: 45 New
      +2
      Quote: Professor
      and the American Navy is improving

      In addition to full-fledged UDC, they purchase ships capable of performing not only landing tasks. In light of recent trends, this undertaking could be an excellent example for other military branches.


      Or such a cultivator of farmland.
      1. Civil
        Civil 29 March 2013 07: 16 New
        +1
        already in the Water World on such a tanker the "smokers" on the oars went:

      2. Civil
        Civil 29 March 2013 07: 16 New
        0
        already in the Water World on such a tanker the "smokers" on the oars went:

    3. Vashestambid
      Vashestambid 28 March 2013 15: 46 New
      -1
      Quote: Professor
      The crisis is a crisis, and the US Navy is growing and improving.



      Truly noticed Professor))), Patriots die from having need to learn from the Americans !! smile


      1. not good
        not good 28 March 2013 22: 38 New
        -2
        A very competent idea, here you have both military supply vehicles, and a control ship and, if necessary, a helicopter carrier, where are the Mistals.
        1. self-propelled
          self-propelled 28 March 2013 22: 51 New
          +1
          Quote: Negoro
          A very competent idea, here you have both military supply vehicles, and a control ship and, if necessary, a helicopter carrier, where are the Mistals.

          and as a target it’s not bad either good
      2. Mother russia
        Mother russia 29 March 2013 04: 18 New
        +1
        Quote: VashEstambid
        Patriots must learn from Americans to die from making !!


        Patriots will not die of envy, patriots will take note and do better.
        And by the way, the word "envy" is written through the letter "and" in the middle of the word. Well, you are like that - you couldn’t even compete well.
      3. lechatormosis
        lechatormosis 29 March 2013 05: 20 New
        0
        ha ha there is a CLUB for this iron pelvis from a passing container ship
    4. Vashestambid
      Vashestambid 28 March 2013 15: 46 New
      0
      Quote: Professor
      The crisis is a crisis, and the US Navy is growing and improving.



      Truly noticed Professor))), Patriots die from having need to learn from the Americans !! smile
    5. Vashestambid
      Vashestambid 28 March 2013 15: 46 New
      0
      Quote: Professor
      The crisis is a crisis, and the US Navy is growing and improving.



      Truly noticed Professor))), Patriots die from having need to learn from the Americans !! smile
    6. Vashestambid
      Vashestambid 28 March 2013 15: 47 New
      0
      Quote: Professor
      The crisis is a crisis, and the US Navy is growing and improving.



      Truly noticed Professor))), Patriots die from having need to learn from the Americans !! smile
    7. Vashestambid
      Vashestambid 28 March 2013 15: 47 New
      0
      Quote: Professor
      The crisis is a crisis, and the US Navy is growing and improving.



      Truly noticed Professor))), Patriots die from having need to learn from the Americans !! smile
    8. Vashestambid
      Vashestambid 28 March 2013 15: 48 New
      0
      Quote: Professor
      The crisis is a crisis, and the US Navy is growing and improving.



      Truly noticed Professor))), Patriots die from having need to learn from the Americans !! smile

  2. Wedmak
    Wedmak 28 March 2013 10: 05 New
    +4
    It’s hard to call it cultivation. Rather, optimizing a civilian tanker for military needs.
    1. cdrt
      cdrt 28 March 2013 10: 10 New
      +1
      So everything is correct. Airborne capabilities remain the same, but costs are reduced. A very correct trend. Landing ships do not need military speed
    2. Papakiko
      Papakiko 28 March 2013 13: 19 New
      +3
      Quote: Wedmak
      Rather, optimizing a civilian tanker for military needs.

      In the USSR, most of the Transport Aviation flew under the colors of Aeroflot.
      The transport and supply vessels of the Navy also sailed in the colors of Sovcomflot.

      "Mattress" will earn on commercial transport.
      Soon they Volga-Dnepr will begin to cramp on air travel.
      I wonder what else will be taken from the USSR?
      hi
  3. Andrey57
    Andrey57 28 March 2013 10: 19 New
    +3
    So they converted the Soviet-built bulk carriers into amphibious assault ships. hi
  4. Lopatov
    Lopatov 28 March 2013 10: 35 New
    +6
    Interesting shape of the ship. Is it semi-submersible like Blue Marlin?



    And the location of the hangars for hovercraft is hinting at it
    1. Nayhas
      Nayhas 28 March 2013 11: 12 New
      0
      Of course, otherwise LCS can not be let down.
      1. bazilio
        bazilio 28 March 2013 13: 26 New
        +2
        So I was also puzzled by the question of immersion. Judging by 1 picture, he plunges only to the level of the deck with boats, which is slightly lower than the main deck. Therefore, at the time of immersion from the main deck to the waterline there will be a very small height. With calm or minimal waves, it can do nothing, but if there is strong excitement at sea, will it not wash loads and equipment off the main deck?
  5. Nayhas
    Nayhas 28 March 2013 11: 09 New
    +3
    The article did not indicate that one of the functions of a sea floating pier is, as it were, its own base near the enemy coast. Also, the construction dates were not indicated, USNS Montford Point was laid on 19.01.2012/13.11.2012/XNUMX. and launched on XNUMX/XNUMX/XNUMX, i.e. just ten months to build! The same USS America was built for three years.
    1. avt
      avt 28 March 2013 16: 05 New
      0
      Quote: Nayhas
      The article did not indicate that one of the functions of a sea floating pier is, as it were, its own base near the enemy coast. Also, the construction dates were not indicated, USNS Montford Point was laid on 19.01.2012/13.11.2012/XNUMX. and launched on XNUMX/XNUMX/XNUMX, i.e. just ten months to build! The same USS America was built for three years.

      The campaign was taken over by the English experience in the application of civil courts in the Falklands and annexed their time of the Second World War on the construction of Liberty.
    2. avt
      avt 28 March 2013 16: 06 New
      0
      Quote: Nayhas
      The article did not indicate that one of the functions of a sea floating pier is, as it were, its own base near the enemy coast. Also, the construction dates were not indicated, USNS Montford Point was laid on 19.01.2012/13.11.2012/XNUMX. and launched on XNUMX/XNUMX/XNUMX, i.e. just ten months to build! The same USS America was built for three years.

      The campaign was taken over by the English experience in the application of civil courts in the Falklands and the time of the Second World War on the construction of Liberty.
  6. NOBODY EXCEPT US
    NOBODY EXCEPT US 28 March 2013 12: 04 New
    +1
    Well, and as they say they don’t count money, they count it even like ...... but we spend on helping frogmen instead of occupying their workers ....
    1. itkul
      itkul 28 March 2013 12: 33 New
      +1
      Quote: NOBODY EXCEPT US
      we spend to help the paddlers instead of taking our workers ....


      Yes, we load our workers with work, but not according to their profile. Here is a person who writes about the 35th plant in Murmansk. Taken from here from comments

      http://samsebeskazal.livejournal.com/212547.html?page=3#comments

      I dare to talk about lawlessness at the 35 shipyard and the problems arising from this at the Russian Navy.
      With the advent of Mr. Maltsev to the post of plant manager in mid-2012, the situation at the plant changed dramatically. Plans and projects for the modernization of the plant began to be developed, the essence of which is to ensure the uninterrupted functioning of the integrated base for providing Arctic deposits by the forces of the plant. What's so bad about that? At first glance, on the contrary, attracting additional income. But, this requires a huge investment. The experience, unfortunately the negative, is already available on the implementation of such projects in Russia. These are Zvezda-DTSME and Vostok-Raffles in the Far East. These multi-billion dollar projects have not yet been completed. And they will not be completed, because money for their implementation is stolen. Roughly the same thing happens at the 35th Shipyard in Murmansk, where instead of the specialized direction (repair of the Navy's ships), workers are transferred to fulfill orders for the repair and completion of drilling platforms and tankers. The state defense order 35 shipyard has not been fulfilled for 3 years, but its management does not care. They only think about how to fuck and steal more money!
    2. kaprall
      kaprall 28 March 2013 13: 06 New
      +2
      It’s just that some of us take the visor too quickly, instead of developing a concept and vision of the future Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.
      The connection as it was shovels, and remained, the coordination of troops is also no better. Some changes in this do not work ahead of the curve, but only to patch existing holes. The idea of ​​the Mistral is not bad, but our shipyards, I am sure of this, could do no worse.
      1. Alexey Prikazchikov
        Alexey Prikazchikov 29 March 2013 08: 17 New
        0
        but our shipyards, I am sure of this, could do no worse.


        Yeah, after 200 years.
  7. Vashestambid
    Vashestambid 28 March 2013 15: 43 New
    0
    Quote: Professor
    The crisis is a crisis, and the US Navy is growing and improving.


    Truly noticed Professor))), Patriots die from having need to learn from the Americans !! smile


  8. Vashestambid
    Vashestambid 28 March 2013 15: 43 New
    0
    Quote: Professor
    The crisis is a crisis, and the US Navy is growing and improving.


    Truly noticed Professor))), Patriots die from having need to learn from the Americans !! smile


  9. Vashestambid
    Vashestambid 28 March 2013 15: 43 New
    0
    Quote: Professor
    The crisis is a crisis, and the US Navy is growing and improving.


    Truly noticed Professor))), Patriots die from having need to learn from the Americans !! smile


  10. Vashestambid
    Vashestambid 28 March 2013 15: 44 New
    0
    Quote: Professor
    The crisis is a crisis, and the US Navy is growing and improving.


    Truly noticed Professor))), Patriots die from having need to learn from the Americans !! smile


  11. Vashestambid
    Vashestambid 28 March 2013 15: 44 New
    0
    Quote: Professor
    The crisis is a crisis, and the US Navy is growing and improving.


    Truly noticed Professor))), Patriots die from having need to learn from the Americans !! smile
  12. Vashestambid
    Vashestambid 28 March 2013 15: 44 New
    0
    Quote: Professor
    The crisis is a crisis, and the US Navy is growing and improving.


    Truly noticed Professor))), Patriots die from having need to learn from the Americans !! smile
  13. shurup
    shurup 28 March 2013 15: 48 New
    0
    I do not like this steamboat. With such a length, the height of the freeboard and structure - someday Neptune will come across if it comes out of the base in fresh weather.
  14. Owl
    Owl 28 March 2013 19: 54 New
    +1
    A ship for the delivery and landing of an amphibious assault on an un equipped coast of a state that does not have the strength and means to counter this landing. A typical "instrument of aggression and regime change" in the countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America. After gaining "air superiority". aviation will destroy the coastal fleet and anti-ship complexes and the time will come for this "carrier of democracy."
  15. Doctor Evil
    Doctor Evil 29 March 2013 03: 48 New
    0
    An interesting project. The tonnage and pace of construction are impressive. A sort of "Neo Liberty" of our days. So the goal for the Chinese ballistic anti-ship missiles was found. With 15 knots of progress, you won’t dodge.
  16. Doctor Evil
    Doctor Evil 29 March 2013 03: 49 New
    0
    An interesting project. The tonnage and pace of construction are impressive. A sort of "Neo Liberty" of our days. So the goal for the Chinese ballistic anti-ship missiles was found. With 15 knots of progress, you won’t dodge.
  17. Ilyukha
    Ilyukha 29 March 2013 23: 04 New
    +3
    Technically, there is nothing curious about this converted tanker.
    He simply demonstrates America's full confidence on the seas that the enemy simply will not meet, and a huge slow-moving ship will reach the target.
    1. Fofan
      Fofan 21 January 2014 17: 03 New
      0
      Quote: Ilyukha
      Technically, there is nothing curious about this converted tanker.
      He simply demonstrates America's full confidence on the seas that the enemy simply will not meet, and a huge slow-moving ship will reach the target.

      but isn't that so?
      and add here shields from which normal warships can defend themselves with a creak. I don’t think that it is possible to build vehicles that can defend themselves from PCR.