Military Review

Heavyweight German tank E-100

35
Of all the E-series projects, the E-100 heavyweight tank is of the greatest interest, especially since it is the development program tank E-100 has become the most advanced. Research and development work on the E-100 tank was carried out at the Adler factory in Frankfurt am Main. The development of the project began on June 30, 1943 and did not stop for a single day until the very end of the war.


Designing a super-heavy tank has become a tribute to the Fuhrer's gigantism. In the second half of the war, the German designers and, especially, the industry, which was experiencing a shortage of everything and everyone, probably had more important tasks than designing a fort on tracks. At the end of 1944, Mr .. Hitler showed signs of common sense, banning further work on all projects of heavy tanks, but work on the E-100, however, continued. The designers managed to complete most of the design work, and the assembly of the hull began in Hausenbeke near Padernborn.

The tank chassis and propulsion system were prepared for testing at the beginning of the 1945. The Maybach HL-230 engine and Maybach OG-401-216В transmission was installed on the tank. Differentials were used the same. as on the tank "Tiger" - Henschel LR01. caterpillars were recruited from Adler trucks, which were 1000 mm wide. The use of such wide tracks required the addition of these “combat” tracks to transport, mounted on the railway. the car could fit into the train size The drive wheels were located at the rear of the hull. The thickness of the frontal armor was 240 mm. Side armor thickness - 120 mm. The tower on the tank to install before the war ended. The body for testing purposes was installed only mass-dimensional model of the tower. The tank was supposed to be armed with an 150 caliber mm gun or even a 170 mm gun. The estimated maximum speed of the monster was 40 km / h. The Allies took many photos of the prototype in Paderborn. In 1945, the British transported the hull of the E-100 tank to their island for research and testing.






Heavyweight German tank E-100













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  1. fero
    fero 23 March 2013 10: 03
    +8
    I have never seen such a "beast" ... not "Mouse" is the only one lol , Thank you for the article good
    1. Papakiko
      Papakiko 23 March 2013 12: 44
      -4
      Quote: fero
      Thank you for the article

      The campaign is purely specific advertising from "WoT", then you need to add.
      [media = http: //www.youtube.com/watch? v = qDF9pGxqMTI]

      Motto: Play, buy, Punish, bend.
      1. Kars
        Kars 23 March 2013 14: 47
        +4
        Quote: Papakiko
        advertisement from "WoT",

        Tank lovers were up to. As I recall that time, there was almost nothing to talk about tanks and except for near the tray with models. And now))))

        as for the E-100, it’s most likely Hitler’s jump from psychosis ..losing ..
        The E model range contained promising ideas for a unified platform, and could create huge problems if the funds went to lighter models.
        1. Kars
          Kars 23 March 2013 14: 48
          +1
          ___________
        2. Yrec
          Yrec 22 March 2018 17: 55
          0
          And so he created problems for the Germans themselves, as he diverted resources.
      2. Smirnov Vadim
        23 March 2013 17: 03
        +1
        And where is even a word about "WoT" on this page, if it's advertising ???
  2. Sasha 19871987
    Sasha 19871987 23 March 2013 10: 08
    +1
    land dreadnought ...
  3. DuraLexSedLex.
    DuraLexSedLex. 23 March 2013 10: 12
    +3
    The Germans’s craving for wunderwafers is amazing. I really want to make a joke about Freud, but here everything is clear)
  4. self-propelled
    self-propelled 23 March 2013 10: 15
    +2
    so that the German designers held on to the chassis with the location of the rollers in a checkerboard pattern? sad
    1. svp67
      svp67 23 March 2013 11: 07
      +4
      Having very heavy tanks by weight, the Germans tried to achieve more or less good cross-country ability, the maximum possible with such a mass and smoothness that such a low-speed tank allowed, but tankers and repairmen had operational problems with such high-speed tanks - the ocean ...
      1. Hudo
        Hudo 24 March 2013 18: 07
        +2
        Quote: svp67
        tankers and repairmen had operational problems with such a chemical warp - the ocean ...


        Yes, if the E-100 develops somewhere in nature, then the procedure for its shoeing, for the crew and repairmen, can rightly be called ordinary fascism in action.
    2. the47th
      the47th 29 March 2013 15: 44
      0
      Comfort. Purebred Aryan warriors did not want to shake bumps on tin cans with barbarian springs. But seriously, as far as I know, such a scheme distributed the load on the rollers better and the service life of rubber bonds was incomparably longer.
  5. svp67
    svp67 23 March 2013 11: 01
    0
    It’s good that they were doing it, how much time they wasted .... It would be even better if they began to put it on the conveyor, you look and generally would have remained without tanks ...
    1. Gecko
      Gecko 23 March 2013 12: 10
      +2
      The most interesting thing is that the Germans did not have such an in-line conveyor assembly of tanks like ours and the USA.
      Reich Minister of Arms and Ammunition Speer said that "German arms production does not accept the conveyor method of the USA and the USSR, but relies mainly on skilled German labor." Although it was precisely the absence of large enterprises that did not allow the German tank building to withstand the competition with the tank building of the countries of the anti-fascist coalition.
  6. AK-47
    AK-47 23 March 2013 12: 25
    +2
    The construction of the prototype E-100 was very slow, and until Hitler ordered the cessation of work on superheavy tanks, not a single car was completed. Until the end of the war, only the hull and suspension were ready.
    After the war …. sea ​​trials of the hull without the E-100 tower with the Maybach engine were conducted. In these tests, even a significantly lightened tank could develop only 20 km / h ... the Royal Tiger engine with a capacity of 700 l / s was on the test car, while the design provided for the installation of a 1200 horsepower engine. With it, the tank was supposed to reach a speed of 40 km / h.
    1. Stas57
      Stas57 24 March 2013 11: 50
      0
      cool photoshop, but sloppy
    2. family tree
      family tree 24 March 2013 22: 31
      +2
      In these tests, even a significantly lightened tank was able to develop only 20 km / h ...
      It was necessary to try from a hill .., in the winter, on skis laughing
  7. Drosselmeyer
    Drosselmeyer 23 March 2013 13: 07
    +2
    This box would have survived until the first Soviet Il-2, or the English Typhoon, or good rain on an arable field. You read about these monsters and one gets the impression that there was definitely some kind of group of "pest-engineers" in Germany.
    1. valiant
      valiant 24 March 2013 23: 59
      0
      Quote: Drosselmeyer
      there was definitely a group of "pest-engineers" in Germany.

      We had a group of "pest engineers" just as well, which took up time and resources.

      The project of a tank called "Land Cruiser", proposed in April 1941 by G.D. Davletov. Dimensions 40X20X8 meters, combat weight 2500 tons. The vehicle is amphibious, capable of carrying assault tanks.
      TsAMO RF, 38 Foundation, 11350 inventory, case # 514
      And there are many such examples!
      1. DimerVladimer
        DimerVladimer 17 October 2016 10: 22
        +2
        Quote: valiant
        The project of a tank called "Land Cruiser", proposed in April 1941 by G.D. Davletov. Dimensions 40X20X8 meters, combat weight 2500 tons. The vehicle is amphibious, capable of carrying assault tanks.
        TsAMO RF, 38 Foundation, 11350 inventory, case # 514
        And there are many such examples!


        This is more like a child’s daub - the person who painted it has no idea about drawing up draft designs and the rules for designing sketches and drawings - there is clearly no technical background.
  8. Volkhov
    Volkhov 23 March 2013 13: 09
    +2
    Caterpillars like Mouse's with the possibility of installing rubber cushions - that is, for tunnels, but the photo on the Internet has only the E-75 with a 105 mm gun at the end of 45, perhaps this model was not completed.
    Probably, for the near defense of the bases, Elephant, Mouse and Rat were built with electric drive for movement in tunnels, and for distant approaches the E and Tigers series with high mileage.
  9. Iraclius
    Iraclius 23 March 2013 13: 22
    +2
    In essence, the development of the concept of mobile fortresses.
    The feasibility is questionable, since by the end of the war the progress of attack aircraft was obvious.
    1. DimerVladimer
      DimerVladimer 17 October 2016 10: 30
      +1
      The utopian ideas of movable fortresses were not already considered seriously at that time - the development of artillery made the existence of fortresses meaningless - the question of their fall (destruction) was determined by the time the artillery was pulled up with the corresponding power.

      The low mobility of mobile fortresses and their vulnerability to artillery and aircraft was understandable as early as 30 years. The meaninglessness of the undertaking is obvious - there is not the slightest sense to implement such a project in the 30s and 40s.
  10. Day 11
    Day 11 23 March 2013 13: 30
    +1
    Having arranged the rollers in a checkerboard pattern, the Hans tried to stabilize the gun when firing on the move.
  11. I think so
    I think so 23 March 2013 15: 52
    +1
    "... The use of such wide tracks required the addition of these" combat "tracks with transport ones ..."

    Likewise, the "Tiger" did not climb onto the railway platform without transport tracks ...
  12. Black
    Black 23 March 2013 15: 55
    +6
    E-100, FAA, Tirpitz, nuclear submarines XX1-series, a step from the creation of AO, .......
    What kind of monster our country scored at 45 !!!!
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. Alex
      Alex 5 October 2013 19: 05
      +4
      Quote: Chen
      E-100, FAA, Tirpitz, Submarine XX1-series, a step from the creation of AO,

      It’s not clear what’s special here. All these are stillborn monsters in which technical solutions were implemented at the level of children's science fiction (I gave my fourth-graders on the GPA two weeks ago the task of fantasizing on the theme of tanks, so they had similar projects born).
      And there is no need to lump together really successful decisions (the Bismarck and Tirpitz were quite modern battleships, superior at that time in England, it is another matter that one or two ships do not weather the ocean), and a complete utopia type E-100 or FAU.
      As for the AO in the Third Reich - well, right, that's enough to tell this horror story ...
      1. kayman4
        kayman4 24 October 2016 16: 00
        0
        In addition to the E-100, there were other projects released in different stages - for example, "Tiger cub" with composite armor, multi-fuel engines, ATGMs, missiles, gliding bombs, hydrogen oxide submarines with an underwater course of 26 knots, an assault rifle, serial jet aircraft - if the Eastern Front went over to trench warfare in the area of ​​the Soviet border and I think all x would have serious problems.

        Software
  13. understudy
    understudy 23 March 2013 18: 58
    +1
    If honestly, then ... go nuts!
  14. Master
    Master 23 March 2013 21: 23
    0
    Maybe all the same superheavy ...
    1. Allegedly
      Allegedly 23 March 2013 21: 26
      0
      Quote: Master
      Maybe all the same superheavy ...


      Indeed, it seems that the info about the tank was translated from English (superheavy) ...
  15. Prapor Afonya
    Prapor Afonya 24 March 2013 06: 08
    0
    POWERFULLY!
  16. During
    During 24 March 2013 12: 43
    +1
    The Germans know a lot about perversions =)
  17. aleshka
    aleshka 24 March 2013 15: 28
    +1
    Yeah!! Mouse and E-100 are definitely perversions of German thought, and maybe wrecking laughing
  18. The comment was deleted.
  19. Petergut
    Petergut 24 March 2013 22: 05
    0
    Here he is.
    My)))
  20. family tree
    family tree 24 March 2013 22: 28
    +2
    Well, I think I understood when the expression "Das ist Fantastisch!" laughing
  21. valiant
    valiant 24 March 2013 23: 40
    +1
    Even earlier there was a project of a super-heavy ACS with the same engine and a similar transmission Geschutzwagen "Tiger" fur 17cm K72
    In 1942, Krupp received an order to develop the Grille 17 self-propelled gun, based on the Tiger II components, on which 170 mm could be installed. gun K72 L / 50. One of the conditions of the order was a weight of not more than 53-58 tons. It was also planned to convert the Grille 17 to Grille 21, armed with 210mm. mortar 18/1 L / 31. The next in the series was the Grille 30. It was supposed to be armed with 305mm. mortar Skoda GrW L / 16. Also in the development process was the Grille 42 project, with 420mm. mortar grw. In 1943-44, Krupp began to produce a prototype, and full-scale production was scheduled for mid-1945. But, in connection with the end of the war, all work on these projects was closed.
  22. valiant
    valiant 24 March 2013 23: 44
    0
    Even earlier there was a project of a super-heavy self-propelled gun with the same engine and a similar transmission Geschutzwagen "Tiger" fur 17cm K72

    In 1942, Krupp received an order to develop the Grille 17 self-propelled gun, based on the Tiger II components, on which 170 mm could be installed. gun K72 L / 50. One of the conditions of the order was a weight of not more than 53-58 tons. It was also planned to convert the Grille 17 to Grille 21, armed with 210mm. mortar 18/1 L / 31. The next in the series was the Grille 30. It was supposed to be armed with 305mm. mortar Skoda GrW L / 16. Also in the development process was the Grille 42 project, with 420mm. mortar grw. In 1943-44, Krupp began to produce a prototype, and full-scale production was scheduled for mid-1945. But, in connection with the end of the war, all work on these projects was closed.
    Grille 17/21/30/42 had an interesting solution for installing guns: they were all mounted on special rails inside the hull so that they could be quickly removed at any time. Each option, also, was armed with two 7,92mm. machine guns MG34. Equipped with a Maybach HL 230 P30 or HL 230 P45 engine, the Grille 17/21/30/42 could move without refueling at a speed of 35 km / h over a distance of 200 km. The length of the car was 13 meters (!), The width was 3,27 m., And the height was 3,15 m. Armor protection ranged from 16 to 30mm. One prototype was almost completely completed by May 1945 and captured by British troops.
    1. DimerVladimer
      DimerVladimer 17 October 2016 10: 33
      +1
      Quote: valiant
      Grille 17/21/30/42 had an interesting solution for installing guns: they were all mounted on special rails inside the hull so that they could be quickly removed at any time.


      Rather, all the same, rails are needed in order to distribute more or less evenly the recoil load on the ACS hull.
      Interesting - but are there details of the projects?
  23. Allegedly
    Allegedly 25 March 2013 00: 28
    0
    An article on a color (drawn) photo does not accidentally Bumblebee?
  24. Rus86
    Rus86 25 March 2013 09: 34
    -1
    in real life it is unlikely, but in WOTe it is not very bad)
  25. Mohomax
    Mohomax 27 March 2013 13: 19
    0
    Quote: Kars
    Quote: Papakiko
    advertisement from "WoT",

    Tank lovers were up to. As I recall that time, there was almost nothing to talk about tanks and except for near the tray with models. And now))))

    as for the E-100, it’s most likely Hitler’s jump from psychosis ..losing ..
    The E model range contained promising ideas for a unified platform, and could create huge problems if the funds went to lighter models.

    gigantomania is a consequence of the complex of a small small
  26. the47th
    the47th 29 March 2013 17: 25
    0
    And it seems to me that such projects exist to weaken the enemy economy. For example, in the 41st Germany starts the "Lion" project, the Soviet Union in response begins to spend money on the KV-4 and KV-5 projects.
    1. DimerVladimer
      DimerVladimer 17 October 2016 14: 28
      +2
      Quote: the47th
      And it seems to me that such projects exist to weaken the enemy economy. For example, in the 41st Germany starts the "Lion" project, the Soviet Union in response begins to spend money on the KV-4 and KV-5 projects.


      But what about the dreadnought project? Also at one time a revolutionary ship with twice as large armament, displacement and speed - became an example of successful "gigantism".
      But on land, such things do not pass - there are too many restrictions on the transfer - the carrying capacity of bridges, the width / length of railway platforms, the cross-country ability on poorly bearing soil, etc.

      And in the fight shell / armor, the shell will come out victorious.
      Israeli Merkavas MK4 also did not become invulnerable, despite the growth of armor protection.
      The next generation of tanks will already be unmanned - at first light (already a specific example of a Uran-9 combat robot), as the arms race, unmanned tanks will gain weight and approach 60-70 tons (carrying capacity of modern railway platforms).