ATGM "Metis-M1". Not new, but not outdated

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ATGM "Metis-M1". Not new, but not outdated
Complex "Metis-M1" at the exhibition


To combat enemy armored vehicles and fortifications during the current Special Operation, Russian infantry is using a variety of anti-tank missile systems. Together with other products of this class, the 9K115-2 Metis-M1 ATGM is used. It cannot be called completely new, but the demonstrated level of tactical and technical characteristics makes it possible to solve basic problems and hit typical targets.



Consistent development


The first version of the 9K115 Metis ATGM with the 9M115 missile was developed by the Tula Instrument Design Bureau in the mid-seventies. In 1978, it was adopted, put into production and began to be used by the troops. The second generation complex was intended to replace older types of weapons and qualitatively strengthen infantry weapons at the company level.

At the turn of the eighties and nineties, Metis underwent modernization, which resulted in the improved ATGM 9K115-1 Metis-M. It included a new 9M131 missile with an increased firing range, a more powerful warhead and other advantages. "Metis-M" was put into service in 1992, but the rearmament process occurred during a difficult period and was delayed.

At the beginning of the 9s, they carried out another modernization and created the 115K2-1 Metis-M2004 ATGM. In 1, this product was introduced to the international market and was the subject of several orders. Serial “Metis-M9” were delivered to Algeria, Syria and other countries. At the same time, the Russian army, for a number of reasons, continued to order and use older versions of the 115KXNUMX ATGM.


ATGM crew involved in the Special Operation

Only in 2015 was it decided to switch to the latest modification of Metis. The order to accept the 9K115-2 product for service appeared in the spring of 2016. Serial production had already been established at the KBP, and in a short time the army was able to obtain the desired complexes of the new model. Apparently, Metis-M1s are still being produced and are actively being supplied to the troops.

Complex at the front


Since 2016, the Ministry of Defense has repeatedly demonstrated various training events with the participation of Metis-M1 ATGM crews. The soldiers practiced the process of detecting an armored target, and also launched missiles and hit targets simulating Tanks enemy. In the conditions of the training grounds, high efficiency was achieved, due to the perfection of technology and the training of personnel.

From the very beginning of the Special Operation to protect Donbass, the Russian army has been actively using the entire range of available anti-tank systems, including Metis-M1. The Ministry of Defense, the press and thematic blogs have repeatedly demonstrated the use of such weapons against various enemy targets. In open publications, the work of crews can be seen both from the outside and literally through the eyes of the gunner-operator.

It should be noted that the complexes of the 9K115 family, including the newest modification, are inferior to other domestic ATGMs in a number of basic tactical and technical characteristics. At the same time, they have advantages that offset all the disadvantages and allow crews to effectively solve combat missions. It should be remembered that it is not only the technique that matters, but also the skills of the fighters.


The missile is launched (the control wire is visible), the operator accompanies the target

The Metis-M1 product compares favorably with other modern domestic ATGMs in size and weight. The transport and launch container, which determines the overall dimensions of the complex, has a length of less than 1 m; the mass of ammunition in the TPK is less than 14 kg. The starting device with the machine weighs approx. 15 kg. A complex with several missiles is carried by crews using special pack packs. In addition, its dimensions and weight allow it to be transported by any vehicle, as well as installed on such a platform for launching.

The 9K115-2 complex includes unified 9M131 missiles of two modifications with different warheads. The 9M131M product with a tandem shaped charge is designed to work against protected targets. Such a missile penetrates at least 850-900 mm of armor behind dynamic protection. The 9M131F missile is equipped with a thermobaric warhead, the detonation power of which is comparable to medium-caliber artillery shells.

Thus, the Metis-M1 anti-tank missile system is lightweight, easy to operate and maneuverable for hitting a variety of targets. Reportedly, during the Special Operation it is used to successfully destroy armored vehicles of various classes, including main tanks. It also demonstrates the effective destruction of buildings and the destruction of manpower in open areas and in shelters.

Success technologies


The 9K115-2 “Metis-M1” product is a second-generation portable infantry anti-tank missile system capable of hitting stationary and moving targets at distances of up to 2 km at any time of the day and in any weather conditions. The ATGM was initially designed as a wearable system, but its architecture and ergonomics allow it to be used on various self-propelled platforms.


The operator corrects the aiming

To place the complex in position, a 9M151M launcher with a tripod machine, guidance mechanisms and other units is used. The 9S816 guidance device is used, supplemented by the 1PN86BVI “Mulat-115” thermal imaging device. A TPK with a 9M131 missile is installed on top of the control devices. It is possible to use old 9M115 missiles.

The guidance device has optical observation means for detecting and tracking a target. Aiming the aiming mark at the target is carried out by moving the guidance device and the launcher as a whole using manual drives with flywheels. The control device also has means for tracking the position of the rocket in space relative to the line of sight. Based on this data, the electronics generate commands for the rocket.

The 9M115 and 9M131 missiles, despite all their design differences, have the same control system. On board the rocket there is a coil of wire that unwinds in flight and serves to transmit commands from the guidance device. Thanks to this, the rocket only has a pyrotechnic tracking tracer and actuators, which simplifies its design and reduces the cost of production.

The 9M131 series missiles were created as a modern replacement for the 9M115 with an increase in the main flight and combat characteristics by increasing the dimensions and weight. These missiles have an elongated body with a length of 810 mm and a diameter of 130 mm - versus 33 and 93 mm for its predecessor. The starting weight increased to 13 kg. In the rear part of the hull there are stabilizers that can be deployed in flight; one of the planes carries a tracer.


Thermobaric warhead flash; shooting through a thermal imager

The head of the rocket houses part of the control instruments and a steering gear that controls the position of a pair of rudders. The leading warhead charge is also located there. In the center of the rocket are the main warhead charge and a solid propellant engine with side nozzles. The tail compartment is given over to a wire spool and other devices.

Metis-M1 missiles in flight reach speeds of up to 200 m/s and fly at a distance of 80 to 2000 m. The penetration of a cumulative warhead exceeds 850-900 mm, which in theory allows you to hit modern and outdated tanks from any angle. The thermobaric warhead has a mass of approx. 5 kg.

Old but not outdated


Last year marked 45 years since the 9K115 Metis ATGM was adopted by the Soviet Army. The latest modification of this complex, 9K115-2 "Metis-M1", appeared two decades ago, but entered service only in the mid-1s. Thus, all variants of the Metis complex are not new. At the same time, the latest Metis-MXNUMX cannot be called obsolete.

Product 9K115-2 and its individual components have a fairly high level of performance and retain a certain potential. As practice has shown, when used correctly, they effectively solve all expected combat missions and fully realize their technical capabilities. At the same time, depending on the situation and circumstances, the Metis-M1 can be used independently or in conjunction with newer and more advanced anti-tank systems, which can further improve the effectiveness of combat work.
36 comments
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  1. -2
    14 February 2024 08: 48
    Lightweight 9K115-2, although there is also Malyutka-2 (M, F), where the range is 3000m and tandem cumulative, armor penetration (behind active armor) mm -720mm, which is very good in modern realities.
    And Malyutka-2F with a TB warhead is just a gift for the BLS, for bunkers, dugouts and other shelters.
    1. +2
      14 February 2024 15: 16
      You probably meant a bunker (long-term firing point), and not a bunker (wood-earth firing point)? Or both?
      1. +1
        15 February 2024 09: 34
        No. It’s the bunker. If an ATGM hits the wall of the bunker, then the shock wave destroys it.
        But in a bunker, in reinforced concrete, with a thickness of more than 1 meter, this kind of destruction will not happen. You need to get into the embrasure of the bunker with jewelry.
  2. 0
    14 February 2024 08: 55
    Quote: article
    The 9M131 series missiles were created as a modern replacement for the 9M115 with an increase in the main flight and combat characteristics by increasing the dimensions and weight. These missiles have an elongated body length 810 mm and diameter 130 mm - against 33 и 93 mm from its predecessor.

    Nothing has grown like a racket!
    1. +1
      14 February 2024 12: 32
      By the way, the 93-mm 9M115 warhead is monoblock...the 130-mm 9M131 is tandem!
      1. +1
        15 February 2024 08: 40
        And the fact that the length was initially supposedly less than that of a Kalash cartridge case and its relative increase of 24,5 times only worries me? How did the great expert “7-ku” initially lose? We need to be more careful!
  3. 0
    14 February 2024 08: 55
    Well..."superficially", but, in principle, everything is correct if you evaluate it "offhand"! By the way, once on the website of the RF Ministry of Defense a technical specification with technical specifications for the development of a “new” “Metis” was posted! The launch range...mmm..."Metis-3" is at least 3 km... If you get an analogue of the Topkik ATGM, that will be good!
    1. +3
      14 February 2024 09: 57
      Launch range...mmm..."Metis-3

      Control by a wire that trails behind the rocket is now still somewhat archaic. At least a laser. And raising the range for wired systems is problematic.
      Another big problem for Metis is the lack of ability to control guidance remotely from cover; the operator is forced to hang on the installation until the moment of impact and be a target for everything.

      Maybe at least this will be eliminated at Metis-3 smile
      1. 0
        14 February 2024 11: 12
        Did I say that the new "Metis" will still have a wire? No.
        1. 0
          14 February 2024 12: 10
          there will be a wire left

          I haven't seen such information. I wrote that I hope this gets fixed lol
          1. 0
            22 February 2024 13: 53
            The ATGM "METISA" and "FAGOTA" are controlled exclusively by wire.....Accuracy solely depends on the skill of the operator. But at the same time it is a fairly reliable control system soldier
      2. +6
        14 February 2024 11: 15
        Quote: Netl
        Control by a wire that trails behind the rocket is now still somewhat archaic. At least a laser.

        Laser is a double-edged sword. Yes, it saves the ATGM from the wire. But on the other hand, its radiation is detected by sensors of all sorts of KOEP and KAZ much earlier than an approaching wired ATGM.
        Plus, dust, snow, smoke and other interference have a rather strong effect on the beam. This is good for helicopters - they see the target from above. And the infantry ATGM from the launcher to the target operates precisely in the zone of greatest air pollution.
        In general, it’s not for nothing that the Yankees are sticking to TOW. smile
        Quote: Netl
        Another big problem for Metis is the lack of ability to control guidance remotely from cover; the operator is forced to hang on the installation until the moment of impact and be a target for everything.

        Do you propose to separate the launcher and control device - like on the Malyutka? Or make a periscope control device - the operator is in a shelter, with only the TPK and the head of the device sticking out?
        1. +4
          14 February 2024 11: 42
          Do you propose to separate the launcher and control device - like on the Malyutka? Or make a periscope control device - the operator is in a shelter, with only the TPK and the head of the device sticking out?

          If the technical level of the military-industrial complex does not allow the creation of a 3rd generation ATGM, then at least find money for a simple camera and attach it to the ATGM, and attach a joystick control with a monitor via a wired or wireless channel to the installation. Costs are minimal and the operator has at least some chance of survival
        2. +2
          14 February 2024 12: 16
          Laser is a double-edged sword. Yes, it saves the ATGM from the wire

          Not only. It also allows you to dramatically increase the speed and maneuverability of the rocket.
          Which compensates for possible exposure detection.

          other interference affects the beam quite strongly

          This can be solved by changing the wavelength.

          Do you propose to separate the launcher and control device?

          Exactly. In current conditions, such diversity is a prerequisite for operator survival.
        3. +1
          14 February 2024 12: 49
          Quote: Alexey RA
          In general, it’s not for nothing that the Yankees are sticking to TOW

          Well, one of the latest modifications of TOW lost wire guidance and “switched” to radio frequency! (They write: either “radio command guidance in the millimeter range”; or “via a radio beam in the millimeter range”... However, it seems that the possibility of wired guidance (on the installation!) has been preserved...) Once upon a time, a prototype TOW with laser guidance was created beam and R&D was planned to develop a hypersonic TOW with a penetrator and a quasi-LPRE!
        4. -1
          14 February 2024 14: 13
          It’s strange, but the Ukrainians have had “Stugna” for a long time. Why they can’t make an analogue here is the question.
          1. +1
            14 February 2024 15: 07
            "Stugna". Why can’t we have an analogue?

            Because we have an “analogue” with superior performance characteristics, called “Cornet”. Yes
            1. -3
              14 February 2024 16: 20
              The cornet does not yet have the ability to remotely control this complex, but the stugna has it.
              1. +4
                14 February 2024 16: 31
                There is no way to remotely control the cornet yet

                Apparently you are still confused with Metis.
                For Kornet, the Kurgan control unit is quite used, but Metis is old, bad, maybe something similar will be born during modernization. winked
                1. 0
                  19 February 2024 17: 50
                  For Cornet, the Kurgan KDU is quite suitable

                  In the first versions of the cornet, a remote control was not provided. If it is in the latter, it is very gratifying.
              2. +2
                14 February 2024 19: 26
                Quote: wladimirjankov
                There is no way to remotely control this complex on the cornet yet

                The opportunity has already appeared!
          2. 0
            14 February 2024 23: 23
            I am sure that we can, but it would be another initiative project that would not be of interest to the Moscow Region. Enthusiasts now do similar installations on their knees.
      3. 0
        14 February 2024 13: 34
        You can’t interfere with the wire, you can’t detect the guidance before launch, plus it’s cheap, it’s not archaic, but great.
  4. +3
    14 February 2024 10: 28
    At the same time, they have advantages that offset all the disadvantages and allow crews to effectively solve combat missions

    What advantage offsets the need for the crew to guide the rocket throughout its flight?
  5. +3
    14 February 2024 12: 37
    old and long-outdated mestizo and ATGM competition. It’s time for the Tula Instrument Design Bureau to create something new and modern. So that the operator does not have to expose himself to the danger of being detected and destroyed while he is guiding the missile to the target. Based on the tracer and the running engine of these missiles, the enemy can easily do this. We need an anti-tank missile system that works like a javelin or spike. Found the target, shot and ran away. The missile itself must reach the target. Yes, it is difficult and expensive, but it must be done if we value the lives of our soldiers. If not, then yes, mestizo is “not outdated” and that’s what we need. Simple and cheap.
    1. +2
      14 February 2024 14: 18
      They still can’t make homing missiles for helicopters and airplanes, so what are we talking about?
      The Ka-52 still launches and guides one missile at a time (Vikhr) to the target, exposing itself to danger.
      1. -2
        14 February 2024 23: 29
        There were homing vortices, there were even passive radar systems to combat radars, and there were 3rd generation ATGMs. But a mestizo and a cornet cost as much as a Lada, but such smart missiles cost as much as an apartment in Moscow. Jovelin, as far as I remember, the rocket plus the launcher cost half a million dollars.
        Regarding the ATGM, the question of course arises, why the fool on the wire costs a couple of orders of magnitude more than a copter with an RPG grenade, because a copter is much more technically complex, it has all sorts of sensors, a camera, microelectronics
        1. +3
          15 February 2024 09: 43
          why does the fool on the wire cost a couple of orders of magnitude more than a copter with an RPG grenade

          Everything is on the surface here. Because the copter is assembled from Chinese parts, which are made in ordinary commercial factories with huge competition among themselves.

          And ATGMs are made at military-industrial complex factories, where there are 10 inspectors and 20 supervisors per worker. And there is no way to check their effectiveness, because it’s over. secret. sad
          Min. Defense is trying to force them to work without profit, but the trick is that the maintenance of 20 bosses is already included in the cost.
          1. +1
            15 February 2024 13: 43
            Quote: Netl
            And ATGMs are made at military-industrial complex factories, where there are 10 inspectors and 20 supervisors per worker.

            Don't forget about the directorate. At the Krasnogorsk mechanical plant in the mid-nineties, director Goev had such a salary that the number of numbers did not fit into the statement. And it’s unlikely that such people’s appetites have decreased
        2. 0
          15 February 2024 17: 12
          Jovelin, as far as I remember, the rocket plus the launcher cost half a million dollars.

          Its cost is about 200000 tons of green.
          [quotecopter is much more technically complex, it has all sorts of sensors, camera, microelectronics][/quote]
          It's a delusion. In a normal ATGM microelectronics no less than in a drone and otika there is a camera and transceivers and sensors and whatnot.
          1. -1
            15 February 2024 19: 03
            Quote: wladimirjankov
            Its cost is about 200000 tons of green.

            This is a rocket in a TPK, which is shoved into a pipe for 300k.
            Quote: wladimirjankov
            It's a delusion. In a normal anti-tank missile system there are no less microelectronics than in a drone and otika there is a camera and transceivers and sensors and something else

            Only in a rocket there are kilograms of electronics, but in a drone all this must be swollen into a very light structure in a minimum volume for it to take off. Four synchronized motors. Mini camera, radio transmitter. And this is 40 thousand rubles at our exchange rate. And at the factory they make a rocket, which costs several annual salaries of a hard worker. I saw the tender data for the purchase of “bumblebees” for the Russian Guard, there were 300 thousand for the shaitan pipe. No electronics at all. And the price is the same as several laptops.
  6. Uno
    +4
    14 February 2024 20: 20
    It's simple, the author has run out of imagination or has discovered rewriting)

    February 10, 2023 - Old but relevant: Metis ATGM in service - https://topwar.ru/210611-staryj-no-aktualnyj-ptrk-metis-na-sluzhbe.html
  7. 0
    16 February 2024 11: 45
    Quote: Victor Sergeev
    You can’t interfere with the wire, you can’t detect the guidance before launch, plus it’s cheap, it’s not archaic, but great.

    The baby is cheaper than FPV drones with a similar warhead. And the range can be significantly increased by slightly lengthening the krill and reducing the speed. You can also replace the rocket engine with a more economical one, but only if the product remains cheap.
  8. +1
    16 February 2024 11: 59
    So that the operator does not have to expose himself to the danger of being detected and destroyed while he is guiding the missile to the target.

    1. Maybe I missed it, but this ability to control an ATGM (the operator up to 400 meters from the launch site) hit the ancient ATGMs themselves in 1973 when I served.
    2. A cheaper controllable product than Malyutka cannot be invented. Single ammunition from a warhead costs 200-300 dollars.
  9. 0
    12 May 2024 04: 05
    Is it possible to make an ATGM with inserted remote controls and fire at a mortar, crew in a trench with a mortar-type TPU, when a target is detected, the shot is expelled upward and then the operator brings it to the target. Who knows, there were such developments, the option seems to me to be quite obvious and easy to use.
  10. 0
    Today, 04: 44
    They shoot with Soviet galoshes; in 30 years, they haven’t invented anything; effective managers have at least copied something worthwhile; they don’t even have enough brains for that.