Estonia received the Blue Spear coastal missile system

Estonia received the Blue Spear coastal missile system
Blue Spear launcher on a vehicle chassis

After several years of waiting, the Estonian armed forces received and adopted the first Blue Spear coastal missile system, jointly developed by Israel and Singapore. In the near future, this complex should go on combat duty and improve the capabilities of the Estonian coastal troops to protect the country’s maritime borders. It is curious that Estonia did not just become a buyer of the new missile system - this product was actually developed specifically for it.

Under a new name

In the middle of the last decade, the Israeli corporation IAI developed and tested a promising subsonic anti-ship missile, Gabriel 5. In 2018, this product was brought into mass production. The starting customer for the new anti-ship missile system was the Israeli Navy, which armed modern ships with it. An order was also received from Finland, which wants to place the Gabriels on promising boats and ships.

In the summer of 2020, the Israeli company IAI and the Singaporean ST Engineering Land Systems announced the creation of a joint venture called Proteus Advanced Systems. Its goal was market promotion, production and sale of promising Gabriel 5 anti-ship missiles. At the same time, the missile for export was renamed Blue Spear 5G.

It was assumed that Proteus would receive orders from the navies of Singapore and other countries in Southeast Asia, and the interest of the Navy from other regions was not excluded. In general, this calculation was justified: in December 2023, the Singapore Navy ordered a number of Blue Spear 5G products for the future re-equipment of some of its ships. The contract will be completed in the coming years.

Rocket test launch

At the same time, despite past expectations, Singapore did not become the first foreign buyer of the Blue Spear anti-ship missile system. The first order for such weapons was placed by Estonia, and to fulfill it, Proteus Advanced Systems had to develop a new version of the missile system.

Especially for Estonia

The contract for the supply of Blue Spear 5G ballistic missile systems and anti-ship missiles to the Estonian armed forces was signed at the beginning of October 2021. The customer was the Estonian State Defense Investment Center of the Ministry of Defense (Riigi Kaitseinvesteeringute Keskus - RKIK), the contractor was Proteus Advanced Systems. Official communications traditionally spoke of the great importance of such a contract and future deliveries, but the details that were of interest to everyone were not given.

According to unofficial data at the time, Estonia wanted to receive one missile system, including a launcher or installations, missiles and other means. Apparently, the contract also included personnel training services, equipment maintenance, etc.

В the news the cost of the contract was not reported. However, it was known that the Estonian military budget for 2021 allocated 50 million euros for the purchase of ballistic missile systems with anti-ship missiles. The Israeli press cited similar figures, citing their sources, but the Estonian media also mentioned twice the numbers. According to the budget, delivery of finished products was expected within 2-3 years after signing the contract.

Launch of the Blue Spear anti-ship missile from a surface carrier

At the time of the agreement between RKIK and Proteus, the Blue Spear 5G complex existed only in a ship configuration. To meet the requirements of the Estonian Navy, the contractor company had to develop a coastal complex almost from scratch based on existing anti-ship missiles and related equipment.

Proteus Advanced Systems coped with the task, and within the given time frame, a project was developed to transfer the rocket to a new base. IAI then manufactured the necessary products, such as the launcher, control system, etc., which were sent to Estonia. A chassis was ordered from Sweden to accommodate all the units. The final assembly of the DBK was carried out by the Estonian company Pro Lift OÜ.

On February 10, 2024, the RKIK Center announced the receipt of the ordered missile system. The finished product, all its elements and ammunition were transferred to the Estonian armed forces. Now they have to master the equipment and put it on combat duty. It is not difficult to calculate that the contractors met the deadlines established by the contract. Two years and four months passed from its signing to the delivery of the finished equipment.

Technical issues

A coastal complex was developed especially for Estonia based on the existing Blue Spear 5G / Gabriel 5 missile. Using available components, Proteus Advanced Systems produced a mobile system capable of moving along roads and changing firing positions, as well as attacking surface targets in a fairly wide range of ranges.

Rockets in flight

The DBK is built on a four-axle Scania truck chassis. Apparently, the car retained all the key components and at the same time received new devices. For example, controls could be placed in the standard cockpit. A launcher is mounted on the chassis, disguised as a standard cargo container. It is understood that in most situations and for a number of reconnaissance assets, the Blue Spear complex will be indistinguishable from a regular truck.

The container has an opening roof and a tailgate. Inside is a lifting launcher with four transport and launch containers for Blue Spear 5G missiles. To start, the installation is placed in an inclined position; shooting is carried out forward, on top of the cabin.

The Blue Spear 5G product is a traditional-looking anti-ship cruise missile. It is made in a cylindrical body 5,5 m long with some protruding devices. A high-mounted folding wing is placed in the central part of the fuselage; underneath there is a pair of L-shaped stabilizers. The tail has additional planes, incl. rudders. Starting weight – 1250 kg.

The missile is equipped with a solid propellant launch engine and a turbojet propulsion system. The air intake of the latter is placed under the body. The flight speed reaches 0,85 M. The range of export anti-ship missiles is limited to 290 km. Several flight profiles are provided.

The missile control system includes satellite and inertial navigation devices, as well as an active radar homing head. There is a two-way communication system with the carrier, through which it is possible to receive data from the rocket and transmit commands, for example, to change the target in flight.

The target is hit by a high-explosive fragmentation warhead weighing 150 kg. This is enough to damage and disable ships of small and medium displacement, up to several thousand tons.

Limited results

The Estonian armed forces cannot boast of quantitative and qualitative indicators. In addition, they lack some of the combat capabilities required for a full-fledged modern army. Thus, until recently, Estonia did not have the forces and means of a separate specialized coastal defense. The newly received Blue Spear 5G missile system is the first of its kind and fills a void.

It is obvious that Estonia's capabilities to protect its maritime borders will increase significantly. However, the latest news should not be overestimated either. Apparently, the Estonian army will receive no more than a few launchers for anti-ship missiles, and their overall combat potential will be limited. It is unclear whether coastal defense will be further strengthened in the future. In any case, one cannot expect a fundamental increase in combat qualities.
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  1. +6
    14 February 2024 04: 45
    It is noteworthy that the chassis is civilian. Recently the North Koreans did something similar, they did it all over the world, but here are the beacons of democracy. Fuck democracy.
    1. +5
      14 February 2024 05: 24
      Quote: Alien From
      It is noteworthy that the chassis is civilian

      What's the difference? If only the load could be pulled wink
      1. +3
        14 February 2024 10: 58’s more difficult to track whether such a car with a container is driving or parked - who knows what’s in it.... this technique is now actively used by the “dill”... you won’t hit civilian cars...
        1. +1
          14 February 2024 11: 46
          Quote from WBond
          .you won’t hit civilian vehicles

          Well, if this is a big car, and even with a trailer, then why not hit it? In any case, the damage will be considerable
        2. -1
          14 February 2024 16: 38
          It's not difficult. 4 axle chassis with outriggers. And the container is specific. Readable at once. But the toy is interesting...
        3. +3
          15 February 2024 11: 18
          It is noteworthy that the chassis is civilian
          Therefore, it is necessary to bring down everything that moves and moves across, along, across the border of Poland, etc. and within 100 km from the front line. Stop being kind, white and fluffy, NATO countries and Ukrofashists are waging war with us, by all available means, regardless of any conventions. The life of a Russian soldier should be the highest priority for the state and military leadership of the Russian Federation, when choosing and the consequences of our use of weapons and purposes. IMHO
          1. 0
            15 February 2024 14: 09
            Then there won’t be enough shells to catch every truck. It’s easier to completely block access through Lviv and the cities of Western Ukraine. But for some reason, they stubbornly climb precisely to the eastern part of the Dnieper coast. For 3 years, there was not even this attempt. In addition, it was necessary to encircle with one blow so that Kyiv could not supply the army of the Ukrainian Armed Forces. Yes, you can comfortably do analytics while sitting on the couch.
            But it hurts to see civilians being killed with impunity. And this is just the beginning, even if Russia wins this war. It’s definitely not strong enough against NATO. To do this, it is necessary to involve the states of 15 former republics of the USSR. There is no other way, even if using a harsh method. Nowadays they only understand strength and concessions as weakness.
      2. +2
        14 February 2024 20: 38
        Quote: Dutchman Michel
        What's the difference? If only the load could be pulled

        The difference is fundamental. A military man is obliged to fight in the uniform of his country; those who fight in civilian clothes are considered bandits. Such people are supposed to be hanged along with all sorts of looters, rapists and other riffraff.

        Disguising a combat vehicle as a civilian vehicle means putting hundreds and thousands of civilians at risk.

        Well, of course they plan to shoot at us. On the sly. Straight from the border. How unidentified UAVs fly from somewhere to St. Petersburg, but the Balts have nothing to do with it. It means that unidentified missiles will still fly.
  2. -3
    14 February 2024 05: 30
    These missiles are not for “defending borders”, but to do dirty tricks on Russia, on occasion...
  3. 0
    14 February 2024 06: 35
    Especially for Estonia, the ship complex was converted into a coastal one and for only 50 million euros (possibly more) it is not clear how many launchers with the necessary additional equipment were purchased? And who paid for the preliminary work of weapons engineers (calculations, implementation in metal)? But now Estonia can proudly declare that it will “close off” the Gulf of Finland to Russian ships.
  4. +5
    14 February 2024 07: 19
    Aw. Where are our Containerized Calibers? It’s time to also install it on civilian vehicles and launch it from anywhere.
    1. 0
      18 May 2024 11: 12
      We have been showing containerized coastal missile systems for many years at exhibitions (not mock-ups). But it seems they didn’t go into series. By the way, it is quite possible that the idea of ​​these installations was copied from them, although perhaps it was a general fashion then.
  5. +3
    14 February 2024 08: 37
    There was so much buzz in the Western media when ours came up with the idea of ​​launching the Ball complex from a container. And then I see nothing, they’ve already been adopted and are being released. Why weren’t they covered up as an ambulance?
  6. +4
    14 February 2024 09: 46
    Anti-ship missiles of Estonia, Finland + mines make it possible to block the Russian fleet. Is this a red line or not yet?
    1. +13
      14 February 2024 10: 10
      Even before Finland and Sweden joined NATO, the Baltic Fleet didn’t have much of a chance to survive, but now, even if something happens, it won’t even be able to leave its bases. So anti-ship missiles for Estonia and Finnish mines are more of a finishing blow and not a red line.
      1. +2
        14 February 2024 12: 15
        I will also add that the technical condition of some ships is such that the greatest threat to them is leaving the port on their own, and not the threat from Estonian missiles.
      2. -1
        15 February 2024 21: 28
        Well, what is it like, our regional government is relying on a fleet that itself has no chance of salvation?
  7. 0
    1 March 2024 09: 22
    Quote: Dutchman Michel
    Well, if this is a big car, and even with a trailer, then why not hit it?

    What if this big machine is externally standard for the national economy?
  8. 0
    16 May 2024 10: 31
    Only one thing is unclear - how will this complex receive target designation?