Harbin Z-9 Chinese Multifunctional Helicopter

Harbin Z-9 helicopters are a family of Chinese multi-purpose helicopters. This rotary-wing machine is a licensed copy of the French Aerospatiale Dauphin helicopter. The Z-9 helicopter entered service with the PLA in the 1994 year, while at the same time the modification of this Z-9W (WZ-9) helicopter was the first anti-tank helicopter that was built in China. These helicopters, among other things, are exported. In 2008-2011, China sold 4 helicopters Z-9 for the sum of 30 million dollars, for 2012 - 2015 years the order book for this helicopter is estimated at 43 machines or 473,8 million dollars.

The Chinese Army is planning to use a Z-9 helicopter in three basic versions. Most of the vehicles produced will be a landing variant of a helicopter, and it is also planned to use a helicopter with the installation of a large number of weapons (a strike version) designed to support ground forces on the battlefield. In addition, a special light version of the helicopter was designed for the needs of the Chinese Navy. It is worth noting that special hopes are placed on helicopters of the Z-9 series in China. The establishment of licensed production of a relatively modern French helicopter allowed the People's Republic of China to gain access to the European 80 technologies of the last century and to establish its own family of not only military, but also civilian versions of the Z-9 helicopter with a good prospect of their mass production. Currently, more than 150 helicopters of this type have been launched in China. In addition, the emerging technical groundwork allowed Beijing to begin work on the creation of the first Chinese specialized combat helicopter under the designation Z-10.
Harbin Z-9 Chinese Multifunctional Helicopter

The prototype for the Chinese Z-9 helicopter was the AS 365N Dauphin II multi-purpose French helicopter. According to the license agreement signed by 2 on July 1980 with the company Aerospatiale (currently part of the Eurocopter concern), the Harbin Aircraft Building Corporation (NAMS) was to assemble the first 50 helicopters of the French parts supplied to China. Helicopter assembly was launched in the 1981 year. The first batch in the number of 28 machines was assembled entirely from components and assemblies supplied from France, the helicopters completely repeated AS 365N1. At the same time in China, the car was given a new name - Z-9.

The following 20 helicopters were also assembled from French parts and corresponded to the version of the AS 365N2 helicopter, in the People's Republic of China they received the designation Z-9A. The last of these helicopters was assembled in January 1992. After that, another 2 helicopter was produced, designated Z-9A-100. These machines were already completely Chinese development. By that time, China was able to master the launch of licensed Ariel Turbomek “Xenum” 1986X1 turbo-motor 1 hp engines at the SAEC plant in Zhuzhou. Engines produced under the brand WZ740A. The Z-8A-9 helicopters built by the airframe were assembled on 100% of Chinese parts, they had 72,2% localization on engines. The first of these helicopters took off on January 91 16, the car was certified by the end of that year. In 1992, its mass production began. The serial versions of the helicopter again received a new designation - Z-1993B. These helicopters, in contrast to the original French AS 9N, had in the 365 fenestron wider composite blades instead of metal 11.

The new PLA Z-9B was adopted by the PLA in 1994. Currently, it is probably the most massive machine in the army aviation PLA. The first helicopters of this type arrived in the elite Shenyang and Beijing military districts. A multifunctional helicopter is able to carry up to 8-10 landing members with full equipment, perform communications and rescue functions, adjust artillery operations, and solve electronic warfare tasks. For the needs of naval aviation, the PLA is a modification of the helicopter under the designation Z-9C. This helicopter can be based on board frigates, destroyers, it is equipped with a search radar and lowered sonar station. The armament of a marine helicopter may consist of 2 torpedoes or anti-ship missiles with television guidance. Helicopter versions that are produced for civilian purposes have the indices H410, H410A (for hot climates), H425 (VIP version).

A distinctive feature of the new Chinese helicopter was the extensive use of composite materials in its design, which allowed, on the one hand, to reduce the weight and effective area of ​​dispersion, and on the other, to ensure the survivability of structural elements in case of damage to them by XUUM-mm caliber bullets. In addition, to increase the survivability of the rotary-wing machine were used to protect the fuel tanks. Some vital components and assemblies of the engine and flight control systems, as well as the crew seats, were armored. It is reported that the new Z-12,7 helicopters on 9% consist of composite materials and on 59% - from aluminum alloys.

The strike version of the Z-9W helicopter is equipped with 2-23-mm automatic Type-1 guns. On the elements of the internal suspension of this helicopter can carry up to 8 anti-tank missiles HJ-8 (firing range - 3-4 km) or 2-x containers with launchers for 90 or 57-mm NUR. Also on the helicopter can be installed 2 container, equipped with machine guns caliber 12,7-mm. Beginning with the 2000, the TY-90 air-to-air SD with a thermal homing system appeared in service with the helicopter.

The Z-2005WA night attack helicopter, created in 9, differs from its predecessors, first of all by a ball mounted in the lower part of the helicopter - a gyro-stabilized optical-electronic system created by the Laoyang Center for Optoelectronic Technologies (EOTDC). This system includes infrared and television channels, which allows efficient use of the helicopter in day and night conditions. In addition, the machine was installed a new high power engine WZ8C (860 hp), new means of electronic warfare and communications. The cockpit dashboard was supplemented with 2-s with large informative, multifunctional indicators at the workplaces of each of the pilots, as well as one small indicator in the center.

Flight performance Z-9W:
Dimensions: main rotor diameter - 12,0 m., Tail rotor diameter - 1,1 m., Length - 14,46 m., Height - 3,47 m.
Empty mass - 2 050 kg., Maximum take-off - 4 100 kg.
Fuel stock - 1 135 l. in internal tanks
Engine type - 2 turboshaft Zhuzhou Aeroengine Factory WZ-8A, 2х848 hp
Maximum ground speed - 305 km / h, cruising - 260 km / h
Practical range - 1 000 km.
Static ceiling - 2 600 m., Using the earth effect - 6 000 m.
Crew - 2 man (pilot and weapon operator)
Armament: 2X23-mm Type-1 guns, 4 suspension points: Air-to-Ground UR: 8 × ATJS HJ-8E, Air-to-UR: 2 × TY-90, or 2 NUR of XUR 90-mm or 57-mm.

Information sources:
-http: //www.military-informer.narod.ru/Z-9.html
-http: //ru-aviation.livejournal.com/2490294.html
-http: //www.airwar.ru/enc/uh/z9.html
-https: //ru.wikipedia.org
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  1. +5
    10 January 2013 09: 45
    This rotorcraft is a licensed copy of the French Aerospatiale Dauphin helicopter.

    God! Really, the Chinese have BOUGHT a license for anything! Their hands were probably trembling when they listed the grandmothers, but there was a whole storm in their souls - "Why? You can, after all, steal as usual!"
    1. +2
      10 January 2013 09: 51
      Quote: Greyfox
      Did the Chinese at least buy a license for something!

      Most likely they had to do this, to see when copying there were problems for the solution of which they did not have enough brains.
      1. +2
        10 January 2013 10: 14
        Do not underestimate them ... And if problems arise, then they hire the appropriate specialists (including ours).
        1. Andrey58
          10 January 2013 23: 36
          Quote: Zerstorer
          Do not underestimate them ... And if problems arise, then they hire the appropriate specialists (including ours).

          It is also not necessary to overestimate. In the design of weapons, the Chinese are frankly weak. Their ceiling is to assemble something from ready-made parts or copy it according to the existing drawings. Almost finished "Varyag", which they have been bringing to mind for 14 years, says a lot.
    2. +2
      10 January 2013 10: 12
      Quote: Greyfox
      God! Really, the Chinese have BOUGHT a license for anything! Their hands were probably trembling when they listed the grandmothers, but there was a whole storm in their souls - "Why? You can, after all, steal as usual!"

      The issue is price and time. Self-copying takes more time. And the European Union delivers technology to them without any problems at affordable prices.
      1. +1
        10 January 2013 13: 49
        The license was purchased in 1980. The European Union has not supplied China with technology since 1989.
  2. Akim
    10 January 2013 10: 45
    In July of last year, China offered India to buy a batch of Z-9 and Z-11 helicopters.
    1. +4
      10 January 2013 11: 32
      With the same success, Saudi Arabia may offer Israel to hire Jews for jihad lol
      1. Akim
        10 January 2013 11: 34
        About the same Indians write. But China does not see India as a serious rival, but only as a large market.
  3. pepelacxp
    10 January 2013 13: 23
    good copy, almost like the original
    on our Punch K-62 is similar.
    1. Akim
      10 January 2013 13: 37
      "Kasatka" was created in conscience with a Franco-German company. She is 10 years younger and larger.
      1. 0
        11 January 2013 00: 09
        Speaking of Killer Whales ... Is this a project that was closed? I haven’t heard anything about it for a long time ... if someone knows what the fate of this project is, write ... thanks in advance
  4. +1
    10 January 2013 13: 47
    The article is hopelessly behind the times. Already the Z-10 has been launched into mass production, and here the Z-9 has been announced a new helicopter ....
  5. asf32wesdg
    10 January 2013 18: 36
    It just can't be !!! The FSB has created this http://sho.rtlink.de/FS62Am database about any resident of Russia, Ukraine and other CIS countries. Really was really scared
    there are a lot of interesting things about me (addresses, phone numbers, even my photos of a different nature) - I wonder where they dug up this. In general, there are good sides - this
    Information can be deleted from the site.
    I advise you to hurry, you never know how to fumble there ...
  6. Akim
    11 January 2013 12: 39
  7. Akim
    11 January 2013 12: 39

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