Military Review

On a foreign base: restoration of Ukrainian air defense facilities and its failure

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On a foreign base: restoration of Ukrainian air defense facilities and its failure
Launchers of American air defense systems transferred to Ukraine in August 2023. In the foreground is the Patriot launcher, behind it is NASAMS. Photo Telegram / "Military informant"



During the first few months of the Special Operation to protect Donbass, the Russian army destroyed the Kyiv regime’s air defense system with targeted attacks. To restore it, starting last fall, foreign partners and patrons began supplying various air defense systems to Ukraine, both modern and outdated. By now it has become clear that such measures did not live up to expectations - Ukraine was unable to fully restore its air defense and protect itself from attacks even on key military targets.

Equipment from abroad


The process of restoring the Ukrainian air defense facility actually started in the spring of 2022. After some discussions and consultations, Slovakia agreed to give Ukraine the S-300P system it had. Subsequently, despite all the efforts of the Kyiv regime and its patrons, other countries did not provide Soviet and Russian-made equipment.

In July, the United States and other countries announced the imminent start of deliveries of the NASAMS stationary medium-range air defense system. The first products of this type arrived on Ukrainian territory in early autumn. To date, Kyiv has received at least four batteries of this complex from several foreign countries and now keeps them on combat duty.


Ukrainian crews are working with Patriot. Photo: Thedrive.com

Since last year, Germany has provided several batteries of IRIS-T complexes of two modifications with missiles of different ranges. After lengthy preparation and resolution of various issues, France and Italy jointly assembled and sent one SAMP/T air defense system battery to Ukraine.

For obvious reasons, the most famous was the delivery of the American Patriot long-range air defense system. Two batteries of such equipment and a significant supply of missiles of various types were transferred. The possibility of shipping additional complexes cannot be ruled out.

Since last year, press publications and statements by officials have regularly mentioned the possibility of transferring other anti-aircraft systems suitable for use in site air defense. For example, hypothetical deliveries of HAWK air defense systems from the USA or other countries were discussed. For one reason or another, things have not come to fruition yet.

Levels of Defense


Anti-aircraft missile systems provided to Ukraine by foreign partners have a different composition, include different means and differ in their tactical and technical characteristics. Using air defense systems of different classes and types, Ukrainian formations could create a kind of layered air defense system with several zones and detection and interception lines. As can be judged from the available data, this is exactly what they tried to do - but without success.


One of the first NASAMS installations delivered to Ukraine. Photo Telegram / "Military informant"

The long-range interception system in such a system should be the American Patriot air defense system. The batteries of such a complex transferred to Ukraine include a towed multifunctional radar with AN/MPQ-65 type phased array. This product monitors a sector 90° wide in azimuth with elevation angles up to +83°. Detection range of large aerodynamic targets - up to 200 km, tactical aviation – no more than 120-130 km, ballistic missile warheads – 70 km. 125 targets are tracked simultaneously; maximum target speed – 2 km/s.

The United States is transferring MIM-104 PAC-2 GEM, MIM-104F PAC-3 and PAC-3 MSE anti-aircraft missiles to Ukraine. The GEM product has a range of 100 km when intercepting aerodynamic targets; ballistic - 20 km. The PAC-3 MSE features an increased interception altitude. The PAC-3 is intended only to combat ballistic targets at a distance of 20 km and altitudes of 20 km.

In the long-range echelon, the Patriots can be supplemented by the Italian-French SAMP/T complex. The transferred complex includes the Arabel airborne surveillance radar. The digital locator with phased array is close in maximum characteristics to the American AN/MPQ-65.

It was reported that Aster 30 type missile defense systems are being sent to Ukraine. In the basic modification, this product has a firing range of 120 km when launched at aerodynamic targets. The modernized version flies 150 km. The possibility of intercepting warheads of operational-tactical missiles has been declared.


Defeat of the Ukrainian S-300 system. Photo by the Russian Ministry of Defense

In the class of medium- and short-range air defense systems, two modifications of the German IRIS-T product can be presented at once. Both of its variants, SLS and SLM, are equipped with a CEAFAR radar with a detection range of at least 50-70 km. It is possible to pair with other stations or work with an external data source.

The IRIS-T SLS complex is equipped with a missile of the same name with a range of 12 km and a strike altitude of 20 km. The medium-range IRIS-T SLM variant should intercept aerodynamic targets from a distance of 40 km and at the same altitudes.

The most widespread foreign air defense system in Ukraine is now the Norwegian-American NASAMS, which belongs to short-range systems. The main modifications of this complex include the AN/MPQ-64F1 detection radar with a detection range of large objects of up to 120 km. In addition, the air defense system has an optical-electronic system for working in the near field. Work on external target designation is provided.

Ukrainian NASAMS use AIM-120 missiles, originally created for military aviation. Due to the need to launch from the ground, the launch range was reduced to 20 km, the destruction altitude was 16 km. The developers pointed to the possibility of integrating the AMRAAM-ER missile, which can fly 40 km. NASAMS is also capable of using AIM-9 products with some deterioration in performance compared to the AIM-120.


Radar of the IRIS-T complex in the lens of loitering ammunition, June 2023. Photo Telegram / BMPD

Opportunities and results


Using the received foreign systems and equipment, the Kiev regime could organize a layered air defense system to cover critical areas. Judging by the available information, he took similar measures and tried to protect the main administrative center in the form of Kyiv. At the same time, at a minimum, individual foreign air defense systems were sent directly to the combat zone to organize air defense of troops on the ground.

The results of several months of work of such an air defense facility, built on the basis of foreign technology, are well known. Predictably, the most widely publicized missile attack occurred in May, which destroyed one of the Patriot batteries in Kyiv. In addition, it was reported that other imported air defense systems were hit and destroyed.

According to our Ministry of Defense, Ukrainian air defense has already lost a large number of S-300 systems, incl. funds received from Slovakia. At least one of the IRIS-T SLM air defense systems was hit. The destruction of several NASAMS systems was reported. The only SAMP/T complex and a few IRIS-T SLS products are still in operation, but their prospects are clear and predictable.

There are several reasons for this result. First of all, this is a very limited amount of supplied equipment and other equipment. Because of it, the Kiev regime was able to organize only focal air defense, whereas in the current situation, continuous radar coverage and large fire zones are needed. Even information support from NATO does not help in the formation of such a defense.


Patriot air defense system in Kyiv - the crew fires off ammunition in one gulp. Soon the complex will be hit by a Russian missile. Photo Telegram/Bmpd

The quantity problem was exacerbated by technical limitations. Ukraine was given mainly short- and medium-range systems. Deliveries of long-range systems were limited to just a few batteries, and we are talking about Patriot and SAMP/T products with an interception range of no more than 100-150 km.

An unpleasant surprise for the Ukrainian air defense was the fact that Russian aircraft, UAVs and missiles were ready to counter foreign air defense systems, including the newest ones. To break through and suppress such defenses, a variety of strike systems, means and tactics corresponding to the specific situation are used. Thus, the Kiev Patriot, as far as is known, was hit by a hypersonic Kinzhal missile. A few weeks ago, the IRIS-T complex was demonstrated to be damaged by the Lancet loitering munition. There are regular massive strikes using UAVs, which simply bypass dangerous areas.

Broken plans


Despite all possible assistance from foreign patrons, Ukrainian formations were unable to create full-fledged air defense in key areas. The Russian armed forces continue to strike at designated targets, incl. breaking through the remnants of enemy air defenses. In addition, whenever possible, our military attacks enemy anti-aircraft systems - radars, launchers, etc. The already low effectiveness of Ukrainian air defense is further reduced.

The prospects for the development of such a situation are quite clear. Third countries will continue to supply Ukraine with certain complexes and ammunition for them, but it will not be possible to solve the main problems with their help. Possible volumes of supplies do not meet the needs of the Kyiv regime, and Russia shows a clear advantage in weapons and equipment, which can no longer be reduced at the current stage.
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  1. alexoff
    alexoff 16 September 2023 04: 24
    +27
    The fight against the Ukrainian air defense system is not systematic. Did you demonstratively work like a patriot in the spring, and then decided not to bother? And not only air defense. And after the attacks on Crimea, it seems they decided not to destroy the ports; the geraniums have not flown for two days. Last year in the summer they attacked the railway substations a little, but somehow victory did not come immediately and they decided not to attack them again. They hit the bridge in Zatoka a little, but the front did not collapse; they decided not to hit the bridges anymore. They hit the transformers and stopped. And why does this throwing strategy fail?
    1. Amateur
      Amateur 16 September 2023 05: 37
      -2
      And why does this throwing strategy fail?

      Because “We were asked”...
      1. Negro
        Negro 16 September 2023 16: 48
        +6
        Quote: Amateur
        Because “We were asked”...

        Well, or I couldn’t.
    2. bear cub
      bear cub 16 September 2023 08: 49
      +11
      Indeed, these actions are not visible, nor the consequences, nor any larger plan. I saw consistency only in attacks on infrastructure that suddenly stopped. What is this connected with? It's hard to understand.
      1. nickname7
        nickname7 16 September 2023 10: 55
        -7
        Indeed, these actions are not visible, nor the consequences

        What makes you think there are no consequences? The calibration did not give victory, but it did have consequences, control points were destroyed with some NATO generals, accidents happened - someone fell from a cliff, someone drowned, large scalades were also destroyed, all this, although did not lead to victory, but knocked down the effectiveness of the Armed Forces of Ukraine and saved the lives of Russian soldiers.
        To win, as they wrote in the next article, it is necessary to use the experience of “desert storm” by raiding the Saloreikh with at least 500 aircraft that are not there.
        1. Negro
          Negro 16 September 2023 16: 49
          +7
          Quote: nickname7
          It did have consequences, control points were destroyed, some NATO generals had accidents, someone fell off a cliff, someone drowned

          How interesting.

          Did the valiant military officers tell you this, or did Konashenkov immediately?
  2. Bingo
    Bingo 16 September 2023 04: 50
    -15
    Firstly, the West has a global problem with air defense in general - after the collapse of the USSR there were no plans to defend itself, and air defense is in a blatant rut. Only the lazy ones didn’t write about the Patriots’ leakiness, about the near zone. Yes, there is no near zone there!
    The most widespread foreign air defense system in Ukraine is now the Norwegian-American NASAMS, which belongs to short-range systems. The main modifications of such a complex include the AN/MPQ-64F1 detection radar

    It does not launch upward, like Thor, but into a sector, the Sentinel radar has an elevation angle of 55 degrees, it stands on the ground, that is, it also goes around the terrain of the missile defense system and some kind of ballistics. falling on his head - they will simply stick into the target so that the air defense will not see them.
    There is no air defense there at all. And then they also hit fundamentally new targets like Geraniums, against which our air defense, the best in the world, would have worked exactly crookedly
    1. Mikhail Maslov
      Mikhail Maslov 16 September 2023 05: 46
      +19
      Let’s say you’re right. Then why does our aviation operate only along the front line, not even the “near rear” is considered? It’s the same as “Javelins” are rubbish, only tanks operate from closed positions. Another question is, what or whose air defense can cope with massive and multi-level strikes? All the parameters perfectly written on paper in practice work completely differently. This applies to both our air defense and Western ones. Do not rush to draw conclusions, the volumes of air defense supplied by the Armed Forces of Ukraine are low, not counting MANPADS, and if they set a goal to protect the desired area, and not spread it piece by piece, be sure will do and close the area and not only with the help of air defense
      1. Vita vko
        Vita vko 16 September 2023 06: 26
        +7
        Quote: Mikhail Maslov
        why does our aviation operate only at the front line, even the “near rear” is not considered

        The Ukrainian Armed Forces, in conditions of Russian air superiority, uses Vietnamese ambush tactics. The thing is quite unpleasant. Ambush air defense tactics cannot preserve the defense objective, but they are quite capable of inflicting unacceptable losses.
        1. Escariot
          Escariot 16 September 2023 08: 37
          +8
          Quote: Vita VKO
          Quote: Mikhail Maslov
          why does our aviation operate only at the front line, even the “near rear” is not considered

          The Ukrainian Armed Forces, in conditions of Russian air superiority, uses Vietnamese ambush tactics. The thing is quite unpleasant. Ambush air defense tactics cannot preserve the defense objective, but they are quite capable of inflicting unacceptable losses.

          Well, first of all, what do you mean by Western tactics? The fact that air defense batteries do not turn on their radar 24/7? Well, it's natural. However, the enemy still takes information about the location of the planes from somewhere in order to try to shoot them down as they retreat. This means that there is some kind of radar coverage all the time, and it gives the approximate search direction for the radar of the air defense battery. And these are clearly not AWACS, because they physically do not reach such a distance. Those. Ukraine still has long-range detection radars, and they are linked into a system with air defense batteries.
          Secondly, “ambush tactics” save heaps of objects. Of course, some of the blows pass, but this is not even close to bombarding everything and everyone with cast iron bombs. Accordingly, most of the objects in the rear are in relative safety.
          Thirdly, what difference does it make what air defense tactics are used? It seems that our tactics are not ambush, but strikes by enemy missile defense systems and drones occur regularly. Of course, not in the same volume as ours, but this is solely due to the general poverty and lack of material among the enemy Air Force.
          1. Bingo
            Bingo 16 September 2023 10: 58
            +1
            Quote from Escariot
            The fact that air defense batteries do not turn on their radar 24/7? Well, it's natural.

            Option tell me how air defense/missile defense CAN work without constant scanning of the area? There is only one option - the scan is done by those who cannot be reached, AWACS, with zones, yes. Maybe there’s also a long-range satellite or a satellite... Ninay, I’m not an air defense specialist, like they have now - theoretically - but maybe.
            The battery turns on the reviewer rarely and accidentally, for some reason - don’t you think that there must be a reason, it’s not random? Otherwise this battery is BLIND
            Did I make a mistake somewhere? Please indicate...
            1. Escariot
              Escariot 16 September 2023 12: 47
              +1
              Quote from Bingo
              Quote from Escariot
              The fact that air defense batteries do not turn on their radar 24/7? Well, it's natural.

              Option tell me how air defense/missile defense CAN work without constant scanning of the area? There is only one option - the scan is done by those who cannot be reached, AWACS, with zones, yes. Maybe there’s also a long-range satellite or a satellite... Ninay, I’m not an air defense specialist, like they have now - theoretically - but maybe.
              The battery turns on the reviewer rarely and accidentally, for some reason - don’t you think that there must be a reason, it’s not random? Otherwise this battery is BLIND
              Did I make a mistake somewhere? Please indicate...

              I’m also not an expert, but I’ll explain it as I understand it. The division usually contains a three-dimensional radar that provides information about the position of the aircraft in terms of distance, azimuth and altitude. Also, the battery may contain (or may be combined with the first radar) an antenna for controlling the missile, either by transmitting commands to it or using a reflected signal. These radars and antennas have a very powerful and narrow beam of radio radiation (similar to a long-range flashlight that shines into the dark). On an airplane, when irradiated, a light will immediately light up indicating that the airplane has been taken for escort.
              However, in addition to these systems located in the battery itself, there are early warning systems (surveillance radars) with a two-coordinate all-round viewing station. This station provides only the approximate direction of the target and the target range without indicating the altitude. The readings from them are approximate, and aircraft warning systems about radio exposure are unlikely to work from such a weak signal. These enemy surveillance radars are constantly working and transmit the approximate coordinates of our aircraft directly to the division command post, which already knows where to look for the aircraft.
              In this case, battery radars can replace or enhance the capabilities of surveillance radars, and surveillance radars may well be three-dimensional. In addition to this, there is a “friend or foe” interrogator, and to whom this or that radar is doctrinally subordinate is not at all clear to me personally, but you probably get the gist: surveillance radars in Ukraine work and regularly transmit to the batteries the approximate coordinates of our aircraft, and when the aircraft enter the affected area of ​​the air defense missile system battery, then it turns on its radar. At least this is how the situation looks from my sofa, maybe someone and air defense specialists will write a detailed article about Soviet air defense
              1. Alexey Lantukh
                Alexey Lantukh 16 September 2023 17: 51
                +3
                Well, that's pretty much it. I would like to add something about expressions like “they hit a complex,” for example, S-300 or Patriot. Those. fired a missile and it hit the complex? Oh, no. They could hit a radar, launcher, command post, i.e. one of 5-7 devices and most likely a radar. And the radar was replaced and the complex is back in service. And if they hit a launcher, then there are several more in the division. For example, the Buk anti-aircraft missile division included: a 9S470 mobile command post, a 9S18 Kupol detection and target designation station, two anti-aircraft missile batteries with two 9A310 self-propelled firing systems and one 9A39 launcher-loader.
                1. Negro
                  Negro 17 September 2023 10: 55
                  +3
                  Quote: Alexey Lantukh
                  e. one of 5-7 devices and most likely a radar

                  The only known video of the patriot’s “defeat” shows an explosion near the launch pad. That is, at best, it is destroyed. If it stood correctly, that is, in an embankment, it could simply be cut by fragments, and not even a car, but a TPK - something like this was stated by the Ukrainians and Americans.
        2. Negro
          Negro 16 September 2023 17: 54
          +2
          Quote: Vita VKO
          The Ukrainian Armed Forces, in conditions of Russian air superiority, uses Vietnam ambush tactics

          Since the Russian Aerospace Forces is very different from the US Air Force (and the US Air Force is not the same as it was just now), there is no need for “ambush tactics”. And the possibilities of such tactics are not the same: planes practically do not fly over Ukraine.
      2. alexoff
        alexoff 16 September 2023 16: 30
        +2
        Our aviation does not work behind the ribbon after departing from Kyiv. For a month they weren’t afraid of air defense, helicopters hit the beech tree directly with direct fire, and then all of a sudden - and the situation changed radically, suddenly air defense became everywhere, it became dangerous to fly, so they stopped flying. This, of course, is not just another agreement, because along the entire front line and the Belarusian border, under every bush there is a dry grass with a stinger, every 10 km there is a beech tree, and behind every third beech there is a S300. And the fact that missiles and geraniums reach Zaporozhye, Sumy, Chernigov and Kharkov without encountering any air defense opposition is such a cunning plan. And the million-dollar question is - if the enemy’s air defenses are disabled, then how do ours know that there is air defense there at all? Maybe everything was taken from there to the front a long time ago and in fact you can safely send the Tu22 to bomb Kharkov with cast iron?
    2. bk0010
      bk0010 16 September 2023 14: 53
      +1
      Quote from Bingo
      Firstly, the West has a global problem with air defense in general - after the collapse of the USSR there were no plans to defend itself, and air defense is in a blatant rut.
      NATO air defense was entrusted to aviation, air defense systems - just in case. We must not forget that they have the most aircraft, therefore air defense tasks are a priority for everyone else, and not for them.
    3. Negro
      Negro 16 September 2023 16: 54
      +7
      Quote from Bingo
      Firstly, the West has a global problem with air defense in general - after the collapse of the USSR there were no plans to defend itself, and air defense is in the open

      The generalized West, neither now nor previously, has had any problem with air defense/missile defense. Well, only the generalized West has naval and strategic air defense/missile defense.
      Quote from Bingo
      Only the lazy didn’t write about the Patriots’ leakiness, about the near zone

      Writing is not moving bags.
      Quote from Bingo
      Yes, there is no near zone there!

      Of course not. This complex does not exist for the near zone.
      Quote from Bingo
      that is, both the CD that goes around the relief and some kind of ballistics. falling on his head - they will simply stick into the target so that the air defense will not see them.

      Ballistics is not for NASAMS, but there are no questions about the Kyrgyz Republic, you don’t need a lot of intelligence here.
  3. 1 z1
    1 z1 16 September 2023 05: 49
    +16
    Ukraine was unable to fully restore its air defense and protect itself from attacks even on key military targets.

    Well, yes, Kanashenko’s old song, in a new way. That is, there is no longer any air defense in Ukraine, but our aviation cannot operate against these “key facilities”.
    1. Barmaglot_07
      Barmaglot_07 16 September 2023 10: 04
      +4
      Quote: 1z1
      Well, yes, Kanashenko’s old song, in a new way. That is, there is no longer any air defense in Ukraine, but our aviation cannot operate against these “key facilities”.

      Slander and discredit! Not “can’t”, but “doesn’t want”, because of an excess of humanism!
    2. alexoff
      alexoff 16 September 2023 18: 14
      0
      Where does this “cannot” come from? We can similarly say that Russia cannot hit the Kremenchug oil refinery - impenetrable air defense, really. If no one is flying and air defense systems are turned off, then how can you find out that they are even there?
  4. Bodipancher
    Bodipancher 16 September 2023 06: 01
    +3
    Everyone is right, air defense is focal, but it exists and works from an ambush, so they don’t risk planes unnecessarily.
    1. Escariot
      Escariot 16 September 2023 09: 09
      +8
      Quote: Bodypuncher
      Everyone is right, air defense is focal, but it exists and works from an ambush, so they don’t risk planes unnecessarily.

      Then this is a failure of intelligence and the organizational structure of the armed forces. An airplane is, of course, very expensive, and pilots are worth their weight in gold, but this is just a tool. One timely sortie (to an enemy command post or to some bridge along which reinforcements are passing to it) can change the course of a ground battle. And even if a plane or even several are lost, it is much better than not attacking at all.
      As an operational example, recall the Battle of Reimagen. The Americans then captured the Ludendhoff Bridge and began transporting troops to the right bank of the Rhine. Goering, realizing its significance, immediately organized the bombing of the bridge, fully aware of the advantage of Allied aviation and the fact that the Americans would pull all the air defense of their First Army to the bridge. The bridge was nevertheless filled up, literally strewing the city with the wreckage of Luftwaffe planes, although it was already too late, because the Americans were able to restore the pontoons, but that’s a completely different story. A strategic example is Operation Grand Flogging, when the British carried out a raid against dams on tributaries of the Rhine. They understood very well that not everyone would return from the mission, but the damage from the bombing was such that it outweighed the cost of the planes and crews killed in battle by an order of magnitude.
      If we “have no need” for such operations, then this is very, very bad.
      1. Negro
        Negro 16 September 2023 16: 57
        -2
        Quote from Escariot
        If we “have no need” for such operations, then this is very, very bad.

        And when the pilots simply refuse to fly, or better yet, take off and relieve the load on Voronezh, then what?
        1. Escariot
          Escariot 16 September 2023 18: 58
          +1
          Quote: Negro
          Quote from Escariot
          If we “have no need” for such operations, then this is very, very bad.

          And when the pilots simply refuse to fly, or better yet, take off and relieve the load on Voronezh, then what?

          The Germans flew to bomb Reimagen, although they knew that they were expecting dozens of air defense fighters and a sea of ​​fire from anti-aircraft guns. The Japanese generally flew in one direction, but no one deployed their Oka to Tokyo.
          Well, if you think that our pilots can fly to bomb Voronezh without a corresponding order from the commander, then it’s time to wind down the SVO.
          1. Negro
            Negro 16 September 2023 20: 26
            +4
            Quote from Escariot
            The Germans flew to bomb Reimagen, although they knew that they were expecting dozens of air defense fighters and a sea of ​​fire from anti-aircraft guns. The Japanese generally flew in one direction, but no one deployed their Oka to Tokyo.

            Your role models are interesting. Characteristic.

            However, there is an opinion that the country's leadership is adequate in this regard. Ukraine's industry is invulnerable (because it is not located in Ukraine), the country's leadership is immortal (because any political leadership will do the same thing, plus or minus), so burning down aviation in senseless raids is not productive. Ukraine can receive aviation on any day in any quantity, but Russia does not have such an option.

            Well, as I already said, there are personnel issues, so to speak. If you suddenly find a Hero of Russia, the former commander of the Aerospace Forces, Colonel General Surovikin, ask him what and how. By the way, remember the other “heroes of the Northern Military District” in command positions, and find out how much career success the Northern Military District brought them.
            Quote from Escariot
            our pilots can fly to bomb Voronezh without a corresponding order from the commander, then it’s time to wind down the SVO.

            You will not believe...
            1. max702
              max702 17 September 2023 18: 27
              +2
              Quote: Negro
              Well, as I already said, there are personnel issues, so to speak. If you suddenly find a Hero of Russia, former commander of the Aerospace Forces, Colonel General Surovikin - p

              HE is in Algeria as part of the delegation of the Russian Defense Ministry.. And we take care of the planes and pilots because it says “NATO borders 1997..” There is a lot of work ahead.
        2. alexoff
          alexoff 17 September 2023 00: 03
          0
          It seems that our pilots are the most cowardly today, for everyone else it means they can be hit by bullets and shells every day for a year and a half, but if there is a risk for them, then that’s it - we start fighting with our own people, it’s better and safer! They’re not SOF working behind the ribbon, they’re not tank crews, they’re all potential defectors according to your words
          1. Negro
            Negro 17 September 2023 01: 04
            -1
            Quote from alexoff
            It seems our pilots are the most cowardly these days, for everyone else it means they can be hit by bullets and shells every day for a year and a half

            I agree with you. I also offered pilots to the infantry and to Artyomovsk, or wherever heroes are needed there now. Frankly speaking, I don’t like pilots.

            But the country’s leadership and the Armed Forces still have a different opinion.
            1. alexoff
              alexoff 17 September 2023 04: 58
              0
              Well, accordingly, the infantry from near Artemovsk should quickly be trained as pilots, and those who say that they won’t fly for a ribbon because it’s dangerous - into the infantry
  5. Tim666
    Tim666 16 September 2023 06: 08
    +9
    You can guess the author quite accurately from the title))) Little, old, useless, failure... But aviation doesn’t risk bombing with cast iron)))
  6. perm18
    perm18 16 September 2023 06: 47
    +8
    At the moment we can’t do anything with our aviation, we can’t just bomb. And here the author writes that everything is bad for the Ukrainians. We can’t even work in the near zone from heights, not to mention the cities of Ukraine.
  7. cmax
    cmax 16 September 2023 07: 10
    +15
    In my opinion this is a crazy article! Doesn't reflect the situation at all. Our aircraft cannot fly further than the LBS, but everything is fine. Their air defense is increasingly filled with various air defense systems. No wonder Madame Berbeck offered to chip in to Europe for an “umbrella” for the country. Add here NATO reconnaissance aircraft, satellites, and they have complete information about the launches of our missiles and Geraniums. If the Ministry of Defense announced the real number of Geraniums that reached their targets, you would be unpleasantly surprised. A Polish source writes that the day before yesterday, during the raid, all the Geraniums seemed to be shot down. Although perhaps these were false targets to determine the air defense forces. For the last few days there have been no raids on the ports. The Geraniums are very ineffective, and apparently there are not enough missiles.
    And subsonic missiles are increasingly becoming victims of air defense. This is the schedule so far. I hope something will change for the better for us. Although the general situation (especially the attacks on Crimea and Sevastopol) does not cause optimism, to say the least.
    1. Yaroslav Tekkel
      Yaroslav Tekkel 16 September 2023 19: 39
      +1
      Quote: cmax
      For the last few days there have been no raids on the ports.

      Quote: cmax
      attacks on Crimea, Sevastopol

      Is there some connection here? Sunak and Macron were not as kind as Grandpa Joe.
    2. alexoff
      alexoff 17 September 2023 00: 05
      -1
      Do you even count how many air defense systems were handed over to them? Do you think two batteries of patriots and three irises cover the almost disappeared two hundred S300s and a hundred beeches?
  8. Toucan
    Toucan 16 September 2023 08: 04
    +11
    I am sure that if Bongo had written an article on this topic, it would have been much more interesting. But Ryabov’s work comes out incompetent and very sad. negative
    1. bear cub
      bear cub 16 September 2023 08: 40
      +9
      Full agreement. I laughed several times while reading this article. Reality checks the theses from the article, unfortunately negatively.
  9. alaarsen
    alaarsen 16 September 2023 08: 13
    +3
    Missiles with a range of 12 km and a height of 20 km - how is that? If a rocket can, roughly speaking, fly up to 20 km, then why is its range almost 2 times less..
    1. Escariot
      Escariot 16 September 2023 09: 17
      +1
      Quote: alaarsen
      Missiles with a range of 12 km and a height of 20 km - how is that? If a rocket can, roughly speaking, fly up to 20 km, then why is its range almost 2 times less..

      Well, this is the range at maximum altitude. If the target is lower, then the rocket will fly a little further.
    2. Negro
      Negro 16 September 2023 17: 30
      0
      Quote: alaarsen
      12 km and 20 km altitude - how is that?

      These are the characteristics of the same Iris in the air-to-air version.
  10. bear cub
    bear cub 16 September 2023 08: 26
    +10
    I read the first sentences and already know who the author is. Western systems are useless, expensive and implode on their own as a result of failure. Ukraine has already lost twice as many aircraft as it had before the war, and our aircraft dominate the battlefield with complete impunity. I read quite a few articles about the effectiveness of Western technology and in each of them the conclusions were the same. Western anti-aircraft systems are doing very well, and there is only one problem, the need to shoot down simple Geranium targets with expensive missiles.
    1. Barmaglot_07
      Barmaglot_07 16 September 2023 10: 05
      +5
      Quote: Little Bear
      Ukraine has already lost twice as many aircraft as it had before the war

      Your lies! Not twice, but five!
    2. Bolt cutter
      Bolt cutter 16 September 2023 12: 57
      0
      the need to shoot down Geranium's simple targets with expensive missiles.
      We need conveyor production of primitive blank targets. Cheap, made from non-aviation materials and a primitive autopilot from a smartphone.
    3. Negro
      Negro 16 September 2023 16: 59
      +1
      Quote: Little Bear
      the need to shoot down Geranium's simple targets with expensive missiles.

      Therefore, they are trying to bring in more barrel artillery. Plus, simplified air defense systems should go, converted NURSs
  11. 2sila
    2sila 16 September 2023 11: 45
    -9
    Good article and respect to the author. Everything is to the point, without political or other snot. It was a very difficult task to overcome such a dense air defense system. Probably for the first time in military history. At this moment, the air defense of Ukraine will give a head start to any army in the world, both in experience and in quality and quantity, well, probably except for ours), although there is something to learn from them. And therefore, overcoming this air defense is a huge success and labor-intensive work. The task is difficult. Everything changes instantly and all the plans that you made for “centuries” or whatever users are worried about the ancient, inflexible “systems” developed 50 years ago do not work! The anti-aircraft defense measures described in the article are the result of a response to new inputs that are constantly received, and it is a quick response to these inputs, mobility, and flexibility of influence that are the key to success.
    1. Negro
      Negro 16 September 2023 17: 04
      +6
      Quote: 2sila
      Good article and respect to the author. Everything is to the point, without political or other snot

      Does Ryabov have a second account?
      Quote: 2sila
      At this moment, Ukrainian air defense will give odds to any army in the world

      Of course not. Well, maybe we have experience, but the equipment, even for Africa, is rather weak.

      A year and a half ago, various fighters against Nazism dreamed that the ammunition and resource of the Soviet Ukrainian air defense would run out any day now (and not without reason, the air defense was really on its last legs) and it would be possible to use aviation. Literally a dozen Western systems were enough to close this issue forever. Even I expected that much more effort would be required from the allies.
      1. Barmaglot_07
        Barmaglot_07 17 September 2023 06: 04
        +1
        Quote: Negro
        Well, maybe we have experience, but the equipment, even for Africa, is rather weak.

        Uh ...
        Quote: Negro
        Literally a dozen Western systems were enough to close this issue forever. Even I expected that much more effort would be required from the allies.

        And what does this then say about the decades of construction of the Russian Aerospace Forces, if the materiel, which is rather weak for Africa, is enough to exclude them from the game?
        1. Negro
          Negro 17 September 2023 10: 57
          -2
          Quote from: Barmaglot_07
          what does this say then about the decades of construction of the Russian Aerospace Forces,

          Nothing new. Soviet/Russian aviation has always been the second most useless branch of the military after the navy. In certain periods, claiming first place, depending on where a lot of money was poured into.
          1. Sandy_2
            Sandy_2 18 September 2023 08: 41
            +2
            Well, the USSR was not going to attack anyone, hence the reliance on powerful air defense and ground forces. Aviation is rather an addition to them. It was Putin who for some reason decided that he was smarter than the military leaders who went through the Second World War and who laid down the Soviet defense doctrine, and decided to play soldier. The result is there for everyone to see. That army “capable of solving any problems,” which he supposedly spent 20 years building, ended in six months and required the mobilization of civilians, with the purchase of modern weapons from Iran, North Korea, etc.
            1. Negro
              Negro 19 September 2023 13: 43
              0
              Quote: Sandy_2
              Well, the USSR was not going to attack anyone

              That is, Soviet military thought never reached the doctrine of limited war. Either the whole world is in ruins, or nothing. You can feel it.

              The situation is somewhat reminiscent of the Korean War: there MacArthur also proposed to uncover Kuzku’s mother. Not because he was such a drug addict (although he was). But during the period of nuclear euphoria of the late 40s, the KNS simply did not develop any war scenarios other than massing nukes.
      2. 2sila
        2sila 18 September 2023 21: 42
        +1
        After the first point, there was no need to continue with Ryabov’s second ak. Cheaper and that was enough. Either speak to the point, or like you.
    2. 2sila
      2sila 18 September 2023 23: 08
      +1
      PS. For the slow-witted, just so as not to read beyond the point. Just name who will give the Ukrainian air defense a head start in terms of “experience, quantity and quality.” There is no need for empty words and other cheapness. Who will give a head start even at a quick glance from Wiki for about 220 launchers S-300, 72 Buk, under 200 pieces of any hat like Wasp, Arrow, Thor, Stormers, etc., 24 Nasams, 16 Patriots, 6 Hokams, 3 Irises. Have you forgotten anything? I’ve already read nonsense about Africa and 10 foreign complexes that changed the world). Although why, even before all of them, until they brought ASom number 1 of the Ukrainian air defense, they called it Buk, who knows. A few words about quality; for those who misunderstand, everything is rather simple. This includes developed radio technical forces and means, a developed radar field and developed electronic warfare systems. You just need to name a country that meets these three criteria.
      1. Negro
        Negro 19 September 2023 13: 49
        0
        You seem to be worried.

        Air defense, to a first approximation, should solve exactly one problem. Prevent enemy air forces from operating in your space. Ukrainian air defense carried out this task last year and continues to do so now, despite the undeniable problems with Soviet materiel. Cool stories by the author
        Third countries will continue to supply Ukraine with certain complexes and ammunition for them, but it will not be possible to solve the main problems with their help. Possible volumes of supplies do not meet the needs of the Kyiv regime, and Russia shows a clear advantage in weapons and equipment, which can no longer be reduced at the current stage.

        absolutely meaningless.
        1. 2sila
          2sila Yesterday, 18: 26
          0
          You are appealing to me not in essence, with some kind of incomprehensible, unsubstantial subjectivity. If it’s not the same, then you’re worried about me. Without these unprofessional lyrics you can’t cope at all? Why is this?
          Although in essence it’s somehow not the same. Some kind of confusion. It’s good that we’ve already sorted out “experience, quantity, quality,” etc.
          I don’t see anything senseless or cool in your quotation of the author. Just a statement of the situation. All of Europe is looking for additional air defense systems for Ukraine, and Ukraine is constantly demanding additional supplies of ammunition for foreign air defense, which is precisely what the author points out. They definitely don’t have enough and there is no supply system. They collect what they threw into the bag. Ukraine has one of the strongest air defense and missile defense systems at the moment, but even before any foreign assistance it was able to cope quite well with the threat of our aerospace forces, but IMHO it is not entirely correct to separate air defense and missile defense here. Again, VKS strategists normally fire missiles or, for example, their air defense and missile defense systems cannot yet prevent the use of UMPC against them. This is also the job of the VKS. Yes, the specifics have changed and airplanes in such a war with developed air defense and missile defense will in any case have to look for new methods and techniques without going there, look for different holes in the defense, which is what we are seeing. I’ll probably say it’s sedition, but here, in the classic form of using the Air Force, anyone from the same Ukraine or from us will get ripped off. Which again we observe in Ukraine’s pale use of its air force on the forehead. They are also looking for holes and new techniques. For example, shooting civilian and paramilitary UAVs. Or taking our barely crawling Geraniums. Well, as for their calibration, the arrival of all sorts of X, etc., there is no point in denying it. Yes, it’s difficult for us to verify their effectiveness, but at least it’s burning regularly.
  12. runway-1
    runway-1 16 September 2023 20: 46
    0
    Quote: Little Bear
    I read the first sentences and already know who the author is. Western systems are useless, expensive and implode on their own as a result of failure. Ukraine has already lost twice as many aircraft as it had before the war, and our aircraft dominate the battlefield with complete impunity. I read quite a few articles about the effectiveness of Western technology and in each of them the conclusions were the same. Western anti-aircraft systems are doing very well, and there is only one problem, the need to shoot down simple Geranium targets with expensive missiles.
    That's right, only Cheetahs, for example, with a low consumption of shells, even shoot down Geraniums...
    1. Repellent
      Repellent 18 September 2023 23: 19
      0
      Quote: WFP-1
      Cheetahs, for example, with a low consumption of shells, even shoot down Geraniums...

      Any confirmation?
  13. exo
    exo 17 September 2023 10: 45
    +3
    Life shows the complete opposite of what is written in the article. But the defeat of our air defense systems by Ukrainian strike weapons is alarming. In the same row there is a damaged landing craft and a submarine in the dock. At least in the information field, their blows look more significant.
  14. Radikal
    Radikal 17 September 2023 16: 48
    0
    Kirill, why turn the ox’s tail? The Russian Aerospace Forces not only cannot, they are afraid to enter the entire territory of Ukraine because they are afraid of air defense, which is not suppressed, and that’s not even what we’re talking about. Air defense at different times had and, accordingly, different capabilities, but I want to note one important idea, in my opinion, which to some will seem pathetic and declarative, nevertheless, during the Second World War, our pilots broke through fascist air defense over their cities, successfully bombed, practiced. Not everyone returned, but they worked and fought. There is no talk about attack aircraft at all - they worked “over their heads,” as the twice Hero of the Soviet Union, an attack pilot of my namesake and fellow countryman, once said. And they worked throughout the entire depth of enemy territory, as far as refueling allowed.
    What's here? Attack from a pitching position, “leaky” fields, in craters... and most likely zero point one percent of hits on the objects of use. And we’ll also bazaar, we can kind of repeat it... . If they could... but what can I say... . sad
    1. gsev
      gsev 18 September 2023 02: 35
      0
      Quote: Radikal
      nevertheless, during the Second World War, our pilots broke through fascist air defense over their cities, successfully bombed, practiced

      From about mid-1943, the Red Army Air Force and the ADD tried to strike close to the front line, avoiding flying deep behind the front line. At least that’s what Golovanov claimed in his memoirs, “Long-Range Bomber.” Already, raids on German airfields were catastrophically costly for Soviet aviation. The Luftwaffe neutralized the actions of Allied aviation on the Western Front until the end of 1942 with extremely insignificant forces.
      1. Negro
        Negro 19 September 2023 13: 55
        +1
        Quote: gsev
        extremely insignificant forces.

        The superiority of the Eastern Front over the rest in terms of Luft forces was noticeable only during the period of Barbarossa. In 42 it leveled off and by the end of the year it was 50/50 EMNIP. After 42, the West, including the Reich’s air defense, was always larger and much larger.

        But yes, long-range strategic aviation was an extremely complex, extremely expensive and questionable undertaking in terms of its benefits.
    2. Sandy_2
      Sandy_2 18 September 2023 08: 33
      +1
      Do you compare the cost, quantity, ease of production and repair of then and current aircraft? Now there are a couple of air defense “breakthroughs” to Kyiv and that’s it, the Aerospace Forces have nothing to fly for a couple of years....
      1. Repellent
        Repellent 18 September 2023 23: 21
        0
        Quote: Sandy_2
        Do you compare the cost, quantity, ease of production and repair of then and current aircraft?

        No, but why should they? They’re here purely for the thrill, they live for the joy of it all. And they don’t need to think request
  15. Sandy_2
    Sandy_2 18 September 2023 08: 29
    +2
    The author is burning. The Nazis' air defense doesn't work... Our aviation flies over Kiev, Lev, Kheroson like at the beginning of the Northern Military District? No. So the air defense is working. But shooting down drones and missiles is more like missile defense. We are not capable of completely knocking this down. The Nazis have already gouged out 2 airfields for us. I’m not talking about constant flights to Moscow. It’s good that missile defense has been deployed around the capital since Soviet times. They shoot down.