Military Review

Ukraine orders German self-propelled guns RCH-155

29
Ukraine orders German self-propelled guns RCH-155
Prototype ACS RCH-155



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Ukraine again demands from Germany to provide it with self-propelled artillery, and this time we are talking about combat vehicles of the RCH-15 type. The German government has approved such an appeal, and signing of the relevant documents is expected in the near future. However, the planned contract does not differ in large volumes, and deliveries of finished equipment under it will begin only in a few years.

New contract


On the preparation of the next episode of the German-Ukrainian military-technical cooperation on September 17, the publication Welt am Sonntag reported. According to him, the issue of a possible delivery of the RCH-155 self-propelled guns has been discussed over the past few months, and only now the results of these processes and plans for the future have become known.

Since spring, the German company Krauss-Maffei Wegmann has repeatedly made proposals for the supply of various armored vehicles and weapons to Ukraine. In particular, it was proposed to build and transfer to the Kyiv regime a certain number of RCH-155 self-propelled guns. However, the release of such equipment required official permission from the German federal government.

According to Welt am Sonntag, in mid-July, the Ukrainian Ministry of Defense sent a request to the German military department for the supply of 18 self-propelled guns from KMW. It was proposed to pay for the production of these machines to the German side - as part of the financial assistance provided to the Kyiv regime.


Over the past two months, the German government has considered the Ukrainian request several times, but for one reason or another, no decision has been made. Only recently the application was officially approved, and now new bureaucratic procedures will begin.

The government will issue a license to KMW to manufacture the required self-propelled guns and related products, as well as permission to export them. An official Ukrainian-German agreement should also appear, defining all the conditions for cooperation: the amount of equipment and other products, the timing of production and transfer, the cost and payment procedure, etc.

According to the latest data, Ukraine wants to receive 18 German-made self-propelled guns. The manufacturing company expressed its readiness to provide spare parts and train personnel. The total cost of all these products and services reaches 216 million euros - 12 million for each self-propelled gun, spare parts for it, etc.

This raises the issue of timing. Even at the preliminary proposal stage, KMW warned that the start of production and the subsequent assembly of equipment would require several years. It will take 30 months from the signing of the contract to the shipment of the first batch of self-propelled guns. Thus, if the document is signed right now, self-propelled guns will be handed over to Ukraine only in March 2025. Any delays at the stage of preparing and signing the agreement will lead to an understandable shift in the start of deliveries.


In search of a customer


The RCH-155 ACS is one of the results of the AGM (Artillerie-Geschütz-Modul or Artillery Gun Module) project, which has been created at KMW since the early 155s. The purpose of this project was to develop a unified combat module with a XNUMX-mm gun, ammunition supply and fire control. It was planned to put such a module on different chassis and get different self-propelled guns with the same fire characteristics.

The AGM module, made with extensive use of developments and components of the PzH 2000 serial self-propelled guns, was first demonstrated in 2004. Soon, in 2005-2006. The product has been field tested. It was reported about obtaining high fire performance and demonstrating advantages over existing counterparts.

In 2008, the development company for the first time introduced a full-fledged self-propelled guns with an AGM module. The tower was installed on a redesigned tracked chassis from the ASCOD 2 infantry fighting vehicle. The resulting sample, called Donar, was repeatedly shown at exhibitions. Tests were also carried out, during which it was possible to confirm the full compatibility of the chassis and the combat module.

A simplified version of the self-propelled guns based on a truck was proposed. In this case, the AGM module was installed on an Iveco four-axle chassis. It was reported about the fundamental possibility of building similar self-propelled guns on a different base.


In 2014, they introduced self-propelled guns based on the Boxer wheeled chassis. In this case, a modified AGM module with an increased degree of automation was used. It was this sample that received the designation RCH-155 (Remote Controlled Howitzer 155 mm). At the end of the tenth years, such a self-propelled gun passed the necessary tests. During these events, special attention was paid to the strength and stability of the high wheeled chassis.

The AGM module and self-propelled guns with its use are regularly demonstrated at all major foreign exhibitions and attract the attention of visitors. However, orders for such equipment have not been received until recently. Even the Bundeswehr was not interested in German development. As a result, Ukraine is the first customer for RCH-155 and AGM. Whether new contracts for such equipment will follow is unknown.

Technical features


The RCH-155 self-propelled guns are based on the four-axle Boxer chassis. Its version is used with a double control compartment and a stern platform for installing a payload. The combat weight of the self-propelled gun does not exceed 39 tons, of which 12,5 tons are accounted for by the AGM module. With the help of an 815 hp engine. the speed on the highway is not less than 100 km/h.

An AGM combat module is located in the rear of the chassis. This is a large armored tower with weapons and related systems. The design of the module provides circular horizontal guidance and elevation angles from -2,5° to +65°. It is alleged that the self-propelled guns can fire laterally without the risk of rocking and capsizing. At the same time, at the request of the customer, it is possible to install an additional stabilization system.


The main armament of the AGM is a 155 mm rifled howitzer with a barrel length of 52 klb. Separate loading shots with a modular powder charge are used. The autoloader holds 30 rounds and 144 modules; the supply of ammunition into the barrel is carried out without human intervention. The rate of fire is up to 9 rds / min. The maximum firing range of a conventional projectile exceeds 30 km; for the most advanced active-reactive ones, it reaches 54 km.

The ACS crew consists of only two people. The commander-operator fully controls the combat module using an automated workstation in the control department. At the same time, the AGM module has an additional control post. The fire control system includes navigation aids, a ballistic computer, various sensors, incl. a radar projectile velocity meter, as well as a programmer for working with controlled fuses.

Obvious difficulties


From the point of view of the declared characteristics and capabilities, the German ACS RCH-155 is a successful and modern model. It is made using proven components and technologies, and innovations do not lead to high technical risks. At the same time, sufficiently high combat characteristics are provided, and in this respect, AGM, at least, is not inferior to other modern artillery systems.

However, as practice shows, the AGM module and self-propelled guns with it are not popular on the market. In the 18 years that have passed since the first showing of the fighting compartment, KMW has not received a single firm order. The exact reasons for this are unknown. Probably, potential customers are attracted by the declared performance characteristics, but repelled by the high complexity and cost of the system.


In addition, other claims are made to the RCH-155. First of all, the stability of such a self-propelled gun when driving over rough terrain and when firing into the side sectors raises doubts. The development company rejects such suspicions and talks about the stability of the machine, and also offers additional measures.

However, in the current situation around a possible Ukrainian order, cost and technical features are not the main problem. Questions are caused by the required volumes and the stated terms of delivery of equipment. So, the Ukrainian side wants 18 imported self-propelled guns. This is enough to equip only a few units, and there is simply no talk of restoring ground artillery. At the same time, so many vehicles are enough to shell cities and civilian objects. In this case, any projectile does a lot of damage, and the number of self-propelled guns no longer matters much.

However, KMW is not yet able to provide ready-made RCH-155s. It will take two and a half years to start production and assembly of just 18 self-propelled guns. Deliveries will be able to start no earlier than the spring of 2025. Whether they will be relevant by that time is a big question. It is likely that the current Kyiv regime simply will not have time to get the desired self-propelled guns.

Time and money


Thus, foreign partners again promise Ukraine advanced weapons, but their delivery will have to wait. In the case of RCH-155 self-propelled guns, such a wait will stretch for 30 months - not counting the time that will now be spent on all the remaining approvals and signing of documents. In this case, we are talking about a small batch of armored vehicles, which, even with immediate shipment, could not affect the general situation.

However, the situation around the contract for the RCH-155 suits the German side quite well. The authorities allocate money to help Ukraine, and a substantial amount will go to their German manufacturer. KMW, in turn, receives a lucrative contract. In addition, she has opportunities to advertise her self-propelled guns, which are not yet popular among customers. And whether this technique will have time to the front is not so important.
Author:
Photos used:
KMW
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  1. Lech from Android.
    Lech from Android. 20 September 2022 05: 09
    +1
    Ukraine has switched to a full board of the EU and the USA ... now there is no military-industrial complex of its own, all weapons for the independent will be produced and supplied from other states.
    In order to produce armored vehicles and ammunition for it, Germany needs large volumes of energy resources ... it will not work to melt and process metal with the help of green energy ... that's why there are such long postponed deliveries of self-propelled guns and tanks to the Ukronats.
    So we still have time to defeat the Nazi regime in Kyiv ... and then we will look at the affairs of our Kremlin.
    1. alex neym_2
      alex neym_2 20 September 2022 06: 08
      +1
      30 months you say? Yes, during this time, as Khodja from Bukhara reasoned, a lot of things will be covered with a copper basin ... but money GO!
  2. Dmitry_Russia
    Dmitry_Russia 20 September 2022 05: 20
    -6
    Winter is near, soon all orders will be exchanged, and Europe, on its knees, will ask for GAZ and persuade Zelensky to give what they demand.
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. Krasnoyarsk
      Krasnoyarsk 20 September 2022 07: 17
      +4
      Quote: Dmitry_Russia
      and Europe, on its knees, will ask for GAZ and persuade Zelensky to give what they demand.

      And if I were you, I wouldn't worry about Europe. Europe has a solid airbag. Do not think that European prime ministers and presidents are completely STUNNING (there was another word, but censored out) as our media convince us, and break off relations with us without calculating the consequences. All of them have been calculated.
      Pay attention, the author writes - "At the same time, we are talking about a small batch of armored vehicles, which even with immediate shipment could not affect the general situation."
      The author, as it were, reassures us, they say it's okay.
      The same was written about the PzH 2000, about the French CAESAR, about the American 777 and M142 Himars MLRS, and as a result, how many of them killed our soldiers and civilians.
      So, we do not need to worry about the "troubles" of Europe and the Americas. We need to worry about how we can win with the least losses for both the army and the country's economy. I believe that the delay in the SVO leads to an increase in the losses of both.
      1. Alexey RA
        Alexey RA 20 September 2022 10: 22
        +1
        Quote: Krasnoyarsk
        You do not think that European prime ministers and presidents are completely STUNNING (there was another word, but censored out) as our media convince us, and break off relations with us without calculating the consequences. All of them have been calculated.

        The ambush is that in addition to prime ministers and presidents in Europe there is another power - unelected and irremovable. I'm talking about bureaucrats from Brussels, sitting on cash flows and having their own vision of the situation, often having nothing to do with the economy. Situation with rabid and the green energy pogrom is an example of this.
        Now these wonderful people have begun to nightmare the only EU country that has the audacity to think about its population, and not about the lofty goals of democracy.
  3. Two
    Two 20 September 2022 08: 43
    +1
    hi And what will we offer our troops in response? "Coalition SW"? Maybe we'll run the T-14? Everything will be much easier! Let's clean up the remains from the storage bases and give another star to the "talking head". And the kids will die... am
  4. novel66
    novel66 20 September 2022 09: 10
    0
    did they study physics? such a lever with such effort ... how does it not tip over at all?
    1. cold wind
      cold wind 20 September 2022 09: 52
      -2
      It does not tip over just because they studied physics. The Germans remain leaders in artillery, tank building and mechanical engineering.
      If you spend 5 minutes, you will find a video where the RCH-155 shoots on the move without stopping, turning the turret up to 90 degrees. The buildup, of course, is greater than that of the caterpillar version, but it is quickly extinguished, which should not cause problems.
      1. Repellent
        Repellent 20 September 2022 09: 55
        +1
        Quote from cold wind
        video where the RCH-155 shoots on the move without stopping, turning the turret up to 90 degrees ...

        ... in white light, like a penny. You can probably shoot like that. You can't get where you need to go.
        1. cold wind
          cold wind 20 September 2022 10: 04
          -4
          Quote: Repellent

          ... in white light, like a penny. You can probably shoot like that. You can't get where you need to go.

          There are no problems to hit when shooting on the move. Naturally guided projectiles, the same Vulcano GLR.
          1. Repellent
            Repellent 20 September 2022 10: 12
            +2
            Quote from cold wind
            There are no problems to hit when shooting on the move

            Yah? There is also a weapon stabilizer, probably? wink

            Quote from cold wind
            Naturally guided projectiles, the same Vulcano GLR

            The shkolota, fapping at "magic guided projectiles," is already sick of it.
            1. Bad_gr
              Bad_gr 20 September 2022 13: 20
              +1
              Quote: novel xnumx
              did they study physics? such a lever with such effort ... how does it not tip over at all?

              The article mentions AGM "Donar" with the same BM (155mm). Here he is quite stable.

              Here is another chassis with this module can be

              By the way, this module has the same gun as the PzH 2000 (the automatics for this gun are different)
      2. novel66
        novel66 20 September 2022 09: 57
        0
        indeed, well done Germans, such a crocodile in appearance, but quite effective.
      3. Alexey RA
        Alexey RA 20 September 2022 10: 24
        0
        Quote from cold wind
        It does not tip over just because they studied physics. The Germans remain leaders in artillery, tank building and mechanical engineering.

        Let me remind you that we are talking about people who designed and built a tank that did not fit into the railway gauge. Moreover, this was done by a company that specialized precisely in rolling stock for the railway. smile
  5. air wolf
    air wolf 20 September 2022 09: 27
    -2
    I don’t understand why we don’t make self-propelled guns-122 on wheels, put a tower with D-30 from Gvozdika on BTR-82 ??? What mobility would be!
  6. solar
    solar 20 September 2022 10: 14
    0
    the stability of such a self-propelled gun when driving over rough terrain and when firing into the side sectors raises doubts. The development company rejects such suspicions and talks about the stability of the machine.


    It does not seem that there were big problems even when firing at right angles to the longitudinal axis of the self-propelled guns.
  7. Thorvlobnor IV
    Thorvlobnor IV 20 September 2022 11: 23
    -1
    Surprisingly (actually not), but the author did not make the main conclusion, which literally lies on the surface:
    1. The self-propelled guns turned out to be very mobile.
    2. Full automation minimizes the time to prepare for the shot and leave the position. Can fire on the move.
    3. Modular charges allow firing with low ballistics.
    That is, we have a self-propelled gun with the functions of an assault gun, which greatly increases its value on the battlefield. Show me a general who would refuse 18 very nimble large-caliber snipers with gigantic motor resources. They dangle back and forth along the frontal roads, are invulnerable to counter-battery fire, at the right time they can be thrown to strengthen the breakthrough, thanks to the assault properties, speed and cruising range.
    1. cold wind
      cold wind 20 September 2022 12: 59
      0
      Extremely relevant self-propelled guns in the conditions of network-centric wars. When the battlefield is filled with UAVs and radars, artillery has very little time to fire.
      I would also note the versatility of the RCH-155 module, it can be put on another suitable chassis. And full readiness for a crewless implementation. Already now the crew is 2 people, it is not necessary that they sit in the self-propelled guns.
  8. Rusfaner
    Rusfaner 20 September 2022 13: 55
    +1
    Monster machine! On the Ukrainian country roads, first of all, it will lie on its side somewhere.
  9. KCA
    KCA 20 September 2022 16: 52
    0
    Something the chassis does not look suitable for a 155mm howitzer, especially with a turret, it will overturn the fuck when firing, we couldn’t put a 8mm cannon on a 8x30 armored personnel carrier, but here immediately 155
    1. Zaurbek
      Zaurbek 21 September 2022 12: 33
      0
      This is a Boxer .. a heavy infantry fighting vehicle (30+ tons), there is the same one on a tracked chassis of the MLRS type with a cab.
  10. ASM
    ASM 20 September 2022 17: 20
    -1
    So the x-ly recently scolded the German self-propelled guns, like they only 100 per day, or something like that, can they fire shots?
  11. Dmitry_Russia
    Dmitry_Russia 21 September 2022 05: 13
    0
    It’s really alone here - they put regardless of the rights are not right, because of the nickname they beat me minus
  12. Zaurbek
    Zaurbek 21 September 2022 12: 32
    0
    It is quite complicated, there is an automated tower ..... It’s easier to give something like Caesar.
  13. Dkuznecov
    Dkuznecov 21 September 2022 21: 11
    0
    Let's see how she will ride in the snow,
    and how the "petals" will withstand.
  14. Suslik_2
    Suslik_2 21 October 2022 19: 22
    -1
    Wow how many Americans plan to fight, apparently until 2025 at least ...
  15. Trunk
    Trunk 6 November 2022 22: 15
    +1
    12 tons of combat module on a high platform? And this construction will collapse on the Ukrainian black soil. What will be raised?
  16. shark507
    shark507 15 November 2022 13: 04
    0
    She's kind of awkward. Will turn over without shooting.
    It gives the impression that this is a scam.
    1. agond
      agond 6 December 2022 17: 04
      +1
      Rushing under 100km!!! tin, I wish I could find a video, Something that can shoot in a lateral direction ??? , yes, there the breech is probably raised 3m from the ground,