Military Review

Mines PTKM-1R fight with the enemy

41
Mines PTKM-1R fight with the enemy

Mina PTKM-1R in transport position



Back in the spring, it became known that Russian engineering troops were using anti-tank anti-roof / roof mines PTKM-1R during the Special Operation. Now appeared news about the success of this weapons and hit real targets. Such munitions reportedly helped stop Ukrainian Tanks and thwart an attack attempt in the Kherson region.

Mines in the fields


The first reports on the use of PTKM-1R products in the framework of the Special Operation appeared at the end of April. Mines of this type were seen in the territories of Donbass, at that time occupied by Ukrainian formations. At the end of May, the Ukrainian side spoke about the presence of such mines near Kyiv. At the same time, the operation of mines and the defeat of armored vehicles was not reported. It is quite possible that such cases took place, but the Ukrainian military did not advertise them for obvious reasons.

Information of this kind appeared at the end of May. Then the publication Life wrote about the use of "smart" mines by our army to protect the controlled areas of the Kherson region. By that time, the mines were already working on real targets, confirmed their capabilities, and also helped repel the enemy attack. Referring to the military-civilian administration of the Kherson region, it was reported that in recent days, Ukrainian troops have made two attempts to attack in the area with. Davidov Brod. Both attacks failed, and the Ukrainian side lost equipment and personnel.


Mina in working position

Survivors and captured Ukrainians report that at the beginning of the attack they did not encounter Russian tanks, artillery or aviation. But then they suddenly came under a blow of some unknown kind. It was he who became one of the key factors in the defeat of the advancing group and the failure of the attack.

The news indicated that this blow was carried out precisely by PTKM-1R anti-tank mines. The Ukrainian offensive went through a barrier based on such ammunition, and they worked on the targets that appeared. Then other forces and means completed the defeat of the advancing units. How many mines worked and how many armored vehicles managed to hit is not reported. However, the results of their work are already known.

From design to application


The existence of a new anti-tank roof mine PTKM-1R became known in 2018. By this time, the Nizhny Novgorod Plant named after. G.I. Petrovsky and the Ministry of Defense managed to complete the design work and began testing prototypes. At the same time, the main features and general capabilities of the mine became known. Soon, product models began to be shown at domestic and foreign exhibitions.

Two years ago, in July 2020, reports appeared in the domestic press about the launch of mass production of new mines. From sources in the industry it became known that such products are produced in small batches and shipped to the engineering troops. It followed from this that the PTKM-1R are being mastered by sappers and can be used in exercises.


Split layout

Finally, in April of this year, the first news about the combat use of anti-roof mines appeared. Together with other novelties of Russian production, they are being tested by practice within the framework of the Special Operation. As is now known, mines are placed in positions and go about their main business. They hit enemy armored vehicles, hinder the maneuver of the remaining armored vehicles and simplify the combat work of our other forces and means.

Smart ammunition


The PTKM-1R product is a land mine designed to destroy enemy armored vehicles. It implements several new interesting ideas, which ensure the search and destruction of only designated targets, and also achieve high combat performance.

The mine is structurally divided into two parts: a transport and launch container and a combat element. The container is a cylindrical device with eight spring-loaded support petals at the base. On top of it are folding target sensors. Between the sensors is a cylindrical combat element. The assembled mine has a height of 510 mm with a diameter of about 220-230 mm. Weight - 19,9 kg, incl. 2,8 kg warhead.

TPK mines are equipped with a bottom seismic target sensor and four acoustic sensor microphones in the upper part. It also contains a power supply and control electronics. The upper part of such a TPK is movable and has drives for guidance in two planes.


Operating principle

The target is hit with the help of the so-called. combat element. This is a shaped charge in a separate case, equipped with its own electronics. The element has infrared and radar target sensors, as well as a control system. Charge penetration - not less than 70 mm of homogeneous armor.

Roof mine PTKM-1R is installed manually on the ground; the use of remote mining is not provided. When transferred to a combat position, the mine opens the petals and rises vertically, and also lays out the target sensors. After setting on a platoon, she is ready for work. In this case, the sapper must set the self-liquidation time from 1 to 10 days.

During the "combat duty" mine monitors sound waves in the air and the ground. According to the frequencies and amplitude of oscillations, the electronics detects approaching objects and recognizes them. When an armored vehicle is detected, it also calculates the approximate range to it. When the target approaches 50 m or closer, the mine turns and tilts the TPK, after which it shoots the combat element. The latter flies along a ballistic trajectory and tracks objects below it. Two target sensors give the command to detonate, and the target is hit by a cumulative jet.

Smart Potential


The “smart” anti-tank mine PTKM-1R is much more complicated and more expensive than traditional ammunition, but it is capable of solving more complex tasks and has a number of other important features. All this makes it an effective tool for interfering with the movements of the enemy and / or destroying his combat vehicles.


Launching a combat element

The main advantage of the PTKM-1R is its large range. One such product is capable of controlling a section with a diameter of 100 m, and several mines can block a larger area, both in front and in depth. Each of the installed mines will hit only one target, but this will be enough to provide the necessary impact on enemy tanks.

The mine is equipped with a whole set of target sensors and advanced electronics, thanks to which it can detect and hit only targets of the selected type. This allows you to knock out the most valuable combat units and not spend expensive ammunition on other objects. In addition, the defeat of foreign objects, such as civilian transport, is excluded.

PTKM-1R is distinguished by improved combat potential. So, the fired combat element has its own target sensors, which increase the probability and accuracy of the defeat. In this case, the cumulative ammunition attacks the target from the upper hemisphere - to the least protected projection.

Practice check


The PTKM-1R product is one of the most interesting and successful recent domestic developments in the field of land mines. With its help, you can seriously increase the potential of minefields and simplify the solution of a number of combat and other tasks. At the same time, the complexity and high cost of a new mine is offset by the effects achieved.

Right now, such weapons are being used against Ukrainian armed formations, and the first information about their successes is coming in. It can be assumed that the recent episodes of PTKM-1R mines in the Kherson region were not the first. They probably won't be the last either. Smart mines will continue to increase their combat score, confirm their potential and help achieve the goals of the Special Operation.
Author:
Photos used:
Rosoboronexport
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  1. Mavrikiy
    Mavrikiy 25 July 2022 16: 32
    +10
    One such product is capable of controlling a section with a diameter of 100 m, and several mines can block a larger area, both in front and in depth.
    belay what a delicious thing. repeat
    1. Borik
      Borik 25 July 2022 16: 47
      +5
      An interesting and dangerous thing.
      1. bulvas
        bulvas 25 July 2022 18: 30
        +2
        Quote: Mavrikiy
        what a delicious thing.


        and what an unpleasant surprise for the beggars "super weapons from the West", and the West itself

        These are not used toilets to rub laughing
  2. v1tz
    v1tz 25 July 2022 16: 44
    +2
    The extension of the intervals of "combat duty" of the mine can be done remotely ...
    1. Eroma
      Eroma 25 July 2022 17: 05
      +2
      It is a question or a statement?
      I also had such a question, the pieces are disposable and not cheap, as they are smart, and you can’t guess the term
      1. v1tz
        v1tz 25 July 2022 17: 14
        0
        It was not said about the extension of duty, I would like to think that there is such an option, and they are not easy - 20kg ..
    2. BoriZ.K
      BoriZ.K 25 July 2022 23: 24
      +2
      This has been done for a long time, as well as monitoring
      The signal on the air looks like interference, in fact, this is implemented on naturally noisy channels
  3. tarakan
    tarakan 25 July 2022 16: 56
    +5
    Before the "war" there was an article about these mines, and as soon as the local "experts" did not slander it and the bush interferes and the hole, but WORKS
  4. Sergey Kuzmin
    Sergey Kuzmin 25 July 2022 16: 57
    +2
    The main advantage of the PTKM-1R is its large range. One such product is capable of controlling a section with a diameter of 100 m, and several mines can block a larger area, both in front and in depth. Each of the installed mines will hit only one target, but this will be enough to provide the necessary impact on enemy tanks.
    Ten mines were laid and a kilometer of the front was closed. Not bad. You just need to make sure that enemy sappers do not find them ahead of time ... This means that such a minefield needs to be covered with snipers ...
    1. Sergey Aleksandrovich
      Sergey Aleksandrovich 25 July 2022 17: 25
      +6
      Or cover with additional anti-personnel mines.
  5. Sergey Aleksandrovich
    Sergey Aleksandrovich 25 July 2022 16: 57
    +3
    Quite heavy at 19,9 kg, it will not be easy to bring one of these behind enemy lines. More suitable for installation near the front line in a controlled area.
    1. Fluoride11
      Fluoride11 26 July 2022 15: 22
      0
      Yes, it would be nice to come up with a delivery like petals for this mine, choose a field, send the mines with the help of the MLRS to the desired square, and keep track of what is there and how. In general, no one interferes with taking a few buggies and placing them near the roads in the rear, only this is already more risky.
      1. Sergey Aleksandrovich
        Sergey Aleksandrovich 26 July 2022 20: 11
        0
        It will be difficult to throw such heavy, fragile and overall gizmos through the MLRS. And as for bringing a buggy to the rear of the enemy, this needs to be looked at specifically, if the goal justifies taking a risk for it, then why not, especially where the area is wooded.
  6. Andrey VOV
    Andrey VOV 25 July 2022 17: 00
    -1
    What can I say, good stuff!!
    Maybe someone will tell you, like a long time ago, ital that in Tula they also developed guided charges against tanks, which are released by the Hurricane carrier, well, something like cassettes, and they themselves choose a target over the battlefield and hit it ... Maybe, who knows, what ended up happening? I didn’t see anywhere that they were adopted
    1. Sergey Aleksandrovich
      Sergey Aleksandrovich 25 July 2022 17: 13
      0
      Apparently, the filling consists of the same damaging elements as the warhead of this mine. I recently watched a video titled "Shots of the destruction of a Norwegian self-propelled gun", judging by the almost simultaneous and multiple breaks, something similar was used there.
      1. Blacksmith 55
        Blacksmith 55 25 July 2022 18: 38
        +2
        Everyone knows that the upper sphere is less protected.
        And how will the ammunition work when the handicraftsmen install a lattice screen or panzer net from the bed from above?
        After all, there are already examples.
        1. Sergey Aleksandrovich
          Sergey Aleksandrovich 25 July 2022 19: 25
          0
          It is not known yet whether the lattice will save. And they can increase the size of the cumulative damaging element.
    2. Nikolaevich I
      Nikolaevich I 25 July 2022 17: 36
      +2
      Quote: Andrey VOV
      in Tula, they also developed guided charges against tanks, which are fired by the Hurricane carrier, well, something like cassettes, and they themselves choose a target over the battlefield and hit it ... Maybe someone knows what happened in the end

      This is not available for the Uragan MLRS, but it is available for the Smerch MLRS ...
      1. Mister X
        Mister X 25 July 2022 21: 00
        -1
        Quote: Nikolaevich I
        This is not available for the MLRS "Hurricane"

        Wrong, the shells are called Incubator and Nebula

        1. Nikolaevich I
          Nikolaevich I 25 July 2022 21: 23
          +1
          Quote: Mister X
          Wrong, the shells are called Incubator and Nebula

          Please do not confuse the "fork with the bottle"! You call RSs with cluster warheads for remote mining! I meant RSs equipped with SPBE! I found this more appropriate to the meaning of the question of Andrei VOV! Read carefully the question of Andrei VOV!
          1. Mister X
            Mister X 25 July 2022 22: 07
            +1
            Quote: Nikolaevich I
            I meant RSs equipped with SPBE

            hi
            Thank you for correcting)
            Pay attention to the complex 9K512 "Hurricane-1M"
            Bicaliber system, 220-mm shells from the Uragan and 300-mm shells from the Smerch rocket launcher are suitable.
            Self-aiming submunitions, as well as PTM-3 anti-tank mines "sown" over the area, can be used in the configuration of cluster projectiles.
    3. Victor Tsenin
      Victor Tsenin 25 July 2022 20: 02
      +1
      Such self-aiming combat elements are accurately used from Tornado, right these days.
    4. Mister X
      Mister X 25 July 2022 20: 50
      0
      Quote: Andrey VOV
      charges that are released by the Hurricane carrier

      Projectile 9M27K2 "Incubator" with
      anti-tank mines PTM-1.
      There was an article on VO
      Mining rockets for the Uragan MLRS
  7. Andrey Moskvin
    Andrey Moskvin 25 July 2022 17: 15
    -2
    I did not understand how the charge hits the target. It flies, tracks, and then the tank goes. Like a mortar, there is no control.
    1. Nikolaevich I
      Nikolaevich I 25 July 2022 17: 57
      0
      Quote: Andrey Moskvin
      I didn’t understand how the charge hits the target

      Read about SPBE-D / K / "Motive-3M" ...
  8. Guron
    Guron 25 July 2022 17: 21
    -1
    The possibility of remote setting such a mine from a mortar like 2B25 "Gall" would be very useful. PS Sounds something like: "mortar mine" Gee-gee!
    1. Nikolaevich I
      Nikolaevich I 25 July 2022 18: 15
      +1
      Quote: Guron
      Sounds something like: "mortar mine" Gee-gee!

      Laughter for no reason is a sign ... of lack of information! For some reason, no one is surprised when reading a "mortar mine" (it occurs, "all the time"!), Although it is correct: "artillery mine"! Proposals to create engineering mines based on artillery (mortar) wink ) there were mines, but they didn’t go into practice; the military considered this method inappropriate!
  9. Vyacheslav Dokuchaev
    Vyacheslav Dokuchaev 25 July 2022 19: 41
    0
    and if they find one, will they be able to neutralize it?
  10. Fima
    Fima 25 July 2022 20: 22
    +3
    Corrections to the article. This kind of ammunition affects the barrier NOT with a cumulative jet, but with a "shock core". This is approximately, how to compare, the penetration of BOPS (the laws of hydrodynamics in direct contact) and the impact of a sledgehammer (high-frequency local oscillations of an obstacle, the so-called "entry into local resonance"). And the means of delivery to the "territory" is beyond my competence. PS Clarification for VO readers
    1. Nikolaevich I
      Nikolaevich I 25 July 2022 21: 36
      +2
      (((Amendments to the article))) In general, true ... but it is worth considering that the "impact core" (SPS, EFP) is considered a type of shaped charge (cumulative effect) in general! That is probably why the "people" did not find fault with this fad, showing understanding ... yes
  11. Ryaruav
    Ryaruav 25 July 2022 20: 44
    -1
    great item but expensive
    1. Sergey Aleksandrovich
      Sergey Aleksandrovich 26 July 2022 08: 48
      0
      In comparison with the cost of the affected armored vehicles, not too expensive.
  12. tima_ga
    tima_ga 25 July 2022 20: 54
    0
    I suppose that the sappers have already nicknamed her a boot and felt boots for the characteristic type of discharged charge
  13. Fluoride11
    Fluoride11 26 July 2022 15: 23
    0
    It would be great if these mines, for example, could detect cars. I threw them in the rear of the enemy, the tanks let through, but the MLRS, for example, Himars destroys. Just how to deliver them to the rear.
  14. TANKISTONE
    TANKISTONE 26 July 2022 18: 33
    -1
    Ryabov Kirill The PTKM-1R product is one of the most interesting and successful recent domestic developments in the field of land mines.
    Announce, please, the entire list (even less successful ones).
    1. Sergey Aleksandrovich
      Sergey Aleksandrovich 26 July 2022 20: 15
      0
      POM-2 and POM-3 are real masterpieces, and the Internet is to help.
  15. Fima
    Fima 26 July 2022 21: 27
    0
    In general, yes! But the diffuser systems for solving problems are different both in terms of formulation and solution methods.
  16. Zaurbek
    Zaurbek 27 July 2022 12: 20
    0
    They wrote that there was such a project earlier in the West .... but they did not implement it.
  17. Alexander Minin
    Alexander Minin 27 July 2022 13: 18
    0
    Interesting stuff, never heard of this before. Thank you for the article!
  18. AlOrg
    AlOrg 27 July 2022 16: 17
    -2
    How much development effort. It would be better if they developed an analogue of the javelin
  19. Dost
    Dost 31 July 2022 21: 04
    0
    Such mines and to the rear with the help of DRGs. That's where they would be good use.