Military Review

Heavy flamethrower systems TOS-1A in Special Operations


The process of loading ammunition on a combat vehicle

The other day it became known that heavy flamethrower systems TOS-1A Solntsepek were involved in the Special Military Operation. This technique is used to defeat enemy positions and various objects over large areas. TOS-1A is distinguished by its high performance and special combat capabilities, and therefore its appearance actually predetermines the outcome of the battle.

Combat application

On March 20, the People's Militia of the DPR published a video showing the combat work of the Russian "Solntsepeka" near the city of Mariupol. It demonstrated the process of loading the launcher and the subsequent advancement of the system to the firing position.

Then they showed the firing of rockets. For greater entertainment, it was filmed from several angles. The results of this combat use are obvious, but not completely clear - instead of the affected objects of the nationalists, only clouds of smoke were shown.

Shells in barrels

Also in recent days, other short videos with Russian "Solntsepeks" have appeared in various sources. The spectacular shooting process and the flight of rockets are demonstrated. For obvious reasons, operators cannot reach the affected targets, and the results of the application do not fall into the frame.

However, soon a similar video appeared. A UAV footage is published on specialized resources, presumably showing the attack of the Solntsepeka on the positions of nationalists at the Azovstal plant. It turned out to be a very interesting video demonstrating the potential of Russian weapons - and their particular danger to the enemy, even trying to hide in various buildings.

A drone filmed how rockets fly up to the workshops converted into defensive positions. They easily break through the roof and explode inside. Flashes from explosions fill the entire space of the building, after which a cloud of smoke and dust rises into the air. The main structures of the workshops after such an impact remain intact, no noticeable damage is observed. However, it is obvious that the improvised military infrastructure, manpower and weapons inside them have been completely destroyed.

Apparently, the combat use of TOS-1A will continue. Some fortified areas and other similar complexes and objects still remain at the disposal of the enemy. All types of artillery can be used to destroy them, incl. reactive systems with special ammunition. Practice has already confirmed their high firepower and effectiveness.

Technical features

TOS-1A is actually a specialized multiple launch rocket system. It differs from other domestic MLRS with a special ammunition - it is an unguided rocket with a volumetric detonating or incendiary warhead. It is a heavy missile with such equipment that determines the combat qualities and capabilities of the flamethrower system.

The product TOS-1A "Sun" was developed at the beginning of the 1s on the basis of the serial system TOS-XNUMX "Pinocchio". A number of small but important improvements were made to the original design, determined by the results of its operation. Subsequently, it was reported on the development of a new ammunition and other ways to improve overall performance.

The self-propelled launcher and the transport-loading vehicle from the "Solntsepeka" are made on the chassis of the main tank T-72. Saved regular anti-projectile armor and additional protection. At the same time, the fighting compartment of the tank with the turret is replaced by new units. On a combat vehicle, this is a movable base with a launcher, and on the TZM, mounts for ammunition with armor casings and a crane are used.

The TOS-1A combat vehicle carries a launcher with a package of 24 guides. Compared to the base model, their number was reduced, but due to this, armor protection was enhanced. The launcher is controlled by a specially designed fire control system. It includes a set of sensors, a laser rangefinder and a ballistic computer. Due to this, the maximum possible accuracy of fire is ensured over the entire working range of ranges. Preparation for firing is carried out using remote control systems.

TOS-1A uses unguided 220-mm solid propellant rockets of the MO.1.01.04 series. Various modifications are equipped with warheads of a volumetric explosion or incendiary action. The first versions of the missiles made it possible to fire at a distance of up to 3,6 km. Later, improved modifications were developed with a range of 6 km. The area of ​​​​continuous destruction with a full salvo of 24 shells is up to 35-40 thousand square meters.

The mass of the combat vehicle is 46 tons. In terms of mobility and protection, it does not differ from the serial T-72. Management is carried out by a crew of three people. TZM "Solntsepeka" is several tons lighter and has the same running characteristics. It carries an additional ammunition load of 24 missiles. A crew of three spends no more than 15 minutes on the transfer of ammunition.

Special Potential

TOS-1A is actually a multiple launch rocket system, but bears little resemblance to Grad or Smerch. Due to a number of characteristic features and features, special combat capabilities are achieved, incl. giving advantages over traditional MLRS.

Launch a pair of rockets

A characteristic feature of "Pinocchio" and "Solntsepeka" is a tank chassis with anti-cannon armor. Initially, this was a forced measure due to the limited range of a heavy projectile. However, due to this, TOC-1(A) can operate at or near the leading edge. With the advent of new extended-range projectiles, protection has not lost its importance.

"Solntsepek" is equipped with a developed and efficient fire control system. It monitors a number of important parameters and calculates shooting data with high accuracy. The result is improved hit accuracy and minimal dispersion. The deviation from the aiming point may not exceed a few meters.

Traditional MLRS mainly use high-explosive fragmentation warheads. Articles of series MO.1.01.04 are equipped with volumetric detonating charge of large mass. The thermobaric principle of destruction makes it possible to more effectively destroy manpower, equipment and buildings both in open areas and in shelters. Such a warhead has advantages in the radius of continuous damage, and also better destroys various structures and causes damage to those inside. In addition, large areas are affected, both by a single projectile and by a full salvo.

However, there are also objective limitations. So, due to the limited firing range, TOS-1 (A) is forced to work directly at the forefront. It potentially falls into the zone of destruction of enemy artillery or missile systems. Volumetric detonating ammunition has limited capabilities to combat armored vehicles. At the same time, the choice of missiles for the Solntsepeka is small, which reduces the flexibility of its possible use.

However, competent strike planning, use of cover, etc. allow to offset the effect of negative factors. In addition, "Solntsepek" can be supplemented with other multiple launch rocket systems with the necessary functions and qualities. In this case, all planned goals will be achieved with minimal restrictions.

On the battlefield

Domestic heavy flamethrower systems are not used for the first time in real operations. So, the first cases of the use of "Pinocchio" took place in Afghanistan in the late eighties. In the future, this technique was repeatedly used in local conflicts, both by the Russian army and by foreign operators. In all cases, high efficiency was demonstrated.

Now TOS-1A are involved in the Special Military Operation. They are entrusted with the task of destroying the enemy and his positions at a distance from civilian infrastructure. The high accuracy and power of the munitions make this job easier – and understandably speed up the process of Ukraine's demilitarization.
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  1. Ros 56
    Ros 56 23 March 2022 05: 27
    I assumed that they would be involved from the very beginning of the operation, but I don’t know why, they dragged on for almost a month.
    1. host
      host 23 March 2022 06: 32
      Quote: Ros 56
      why, they dragged on for almost a month.

      hi To be fair, on March 4, on zvezdanews in a cart, they described the case of the use of TOS-1A during the crossing in the Chernihiv region. , and about the competent actions of the system operator Sergey Gubarev. Not immediately, but they applied it, the situation changed, apparently the calculation was for a faster advance
  2. Thrifty
    Thrifty 23 March 2022 07: 36
    Cyril, volumetric ammunition gives a temperature of 4000 degrees at the place of reconciliation, and their low effectiveness against tanks, especially considering the 220mm caliber, is a moot point. There is little left of the tank, it is not dynamic protection that simply evaporates, nor thick armor that literally melts before our eyes. Look, on the Internet there is a photo of the T84 Oplot tank, or rather, something left of it. Obviously, the column was covered with a volley of TOSs.
    1. EvilLion
      EvilLion 23 March 2022 08: 29
      4000 Degrees will give unless some special pyrosmes. If something like this is achieved when undermining, then it lasts a fraction of a second. If the tank is open, then it is easily hit by a cloud of a volumetric explosion flowing into each slot and shock waves from conventional land mines, which is why hatches in battle must always be closed, otherwise even a high-explosive warhead of a grenade launcher can become very unpleasant. The very impact of the explosion can break the outer body kit of the tank, break the tracks, etc., i.e., the car will need to be repaired, but the box itself will not suffer. A direct hit on the tank will not break through the armor under any circumstances, but due to the large mass, and hence the momentum, the tank can shake with unpredictable consequences, there may be various damage inside.
      1. tank64rus
        tank64rus 23 March 2022 09: 49
        The engine group is always open, the mixture will break and ignite all the leaked fuel, the dynamic protection also detonates due to the increased detonation effect of the thermobaric ammunition plus ammunition. There is no chance.
      2. Thrifty
        Thrifty 23 March 2022 14: 01
        Evilion-WHAT? Look even here on the resource for information about the appearance of thermobaric weapons in the LDNR, and the result of such an application! There, apart from fragments of the chassis, there were still pieces of the tower from the T64 tanks !!! negative
    2. Nikolaevich I
      Nikolaevich I 23 March 2022 09: 04
      Quote: Thrifty
      voluminous ammunition is given in place reconciliation temperature at 4000 degrees

      Great wording! I propose to call THAT ... "Peacemaker"! (Well, or at least eresy...) recourse
      (And then, the United States has "peacekeepers"; but the Russian Federation does not!)
      1. Velya
        Velya 23 March 2022 10: 10
        In the light of recent events, the word "calibration" has acquired a rather interesting and creepy (for opponents) meaning.
        So you can call the ammunition for TOS (or, suppose, a new model of TOS) "Adjuster". And then the phrase "we will calibrate you, and then we will make the adjustment" will sparkle with new colors.
  3. EvilLion
    EvilLion 23 March 2022 08: 30
    It is notable that the dill should burn from it.
  4. riwas
    riwas 23 March 2022 09: 13
    Heavy flamethrower systems TOS-1A in Special Operations

    They showed on TV what powerful fortifications of the Armed Forces of Ukraine and the national battalions were made in the Donbass. All in trenches, concrete fortifications. It is said that civilians have long since left these places. That's the thing for the work of "Solntsepeka".
  5. Zaurbek
    Zaurbek 23 March 2022 11: 30
    Now TOS-1A are involved in the Special Military Operation. They are entrusted with the task of destroying the enemy and his positions at a distance from civilian infrastructure. The high accuracy and power of the munitions make this job easier – and understandably speed up the process of Ukraine's demilitarization.

    .....reducing the number of Ukrainian militarists.
  6. Dkuznecov
    Dkuznecov 24 March 2022 23: 38
    Didn't apply
    because the front was not fixed.

    My opinion, but these devices are for extrusion
    fortified areas already blocked.
  7. alex-cn
    alex-cn 26 March 2022 18: 24
    The results of this combat use are obvious, but not completely clear - instead of the affected objects of the nationalists, only clouds of smoke were shown.
    so after this system, only that remains ...
  8. svoit
    svoit 19 May 2022 23: 14
    I wonder how many of these installations got to the APU? Without b / c it is unlikely that they will be able to apply
  9. Petrik66
    Petrik66 27 May 2022 13: 42
    in ukroinet, the defenders complain that the Russian Federation uses prohibited thermobaric ammunition. Although, no one banned them. not according to the rules are fighting against brothers. ))))))
  10. Aist_M
    Aist_M 28 May 2022 19: 01
    It seemed to me that 6 km is somehow not enough?
    That is, sitting in a trench, and without binoculars, you can see how this colossus crawls in the bushes, aims, and even more so shoots!
    And all the mortars in the district are thrown in response?
    Why does she need a rangefinder? Are you saying that the target must be in line of sight?
    And how long do you think TOS-1A will live in modern combat?