Military Review

Russian Navy in Special Operation

48

A group of landing craft enters the Black Sea for exercises, February 2022.


Ships of the naval forces were involved in the Special Military Operation fleet. They operate in the Black Sea, and they are entrusted with a number of different tasks. They are responsible for covering the area of ​​operation, holding down the enemy's actions, striking at distant targets, etc. The tasks set are successfully carried out, and thanks to this, the Navy makes a significant contribution to the achievement of the overall goals of the Special Operation.

Combat composition


The Black Sea Fleet has been participating in the Special Operation since its first hours. It was he who was entrusted with the execution of part of the first strikes on the infrastructure of the demilitarized enemy. In the future, the combat work of the Navy continued. Surface ships and coastal troops reportedly participated in various activities. Apparently, other structures are also involved.

According to some information, there are several pennants of other fleets in the ship grouping in the Black Sea. They arrived in this water area earlier, as part of naval exercises, and now they are also involved in real events. However, the exact list of such "guests" was not disclosed.

It is known that the missile cruiser "Moskva" pr. 1164 and the latest patrol ships pr. 22160 - "Vasily Bykov" and "Dmitry Rogachev" have already participated in various episodes of the Special Operation. Small missile ships have been and are participating in delivering high-precision strikes. Apparently, these are pennants of projects 21631 and 22800, but which ships carried out live firing were not reported.


Missile cruiser Moskva using artillery, February 2022

Almost from the first days of the operation, large landing ships are regularly mentioned in various sources. A group of 5-6 such ships is located in the western part of the Black Sea, but has not yet started landing. If the BDK really have such tasks, then the personnel and equipment of the Marine Corps should be on board. Upon receipt of the order, this component of the coastal troops will go into battle.

Speedboats, pr. 03160, have already been used as landing craft for special forces. Such boats are also used to protect water areas and bases, support large ships, etc.

The role of the marine aviation in the Special Operations remains unclear. The Black Sea Fleet has a fairly large fleet of front-line aircraft of various types, capable of solving a wide range of tasks. They can be used in the current operation to maintain air superiority and defeat ground targets, but details of this kind have not yet been announced.


In a few days, Ukrainian boats will be at the target site

Thus, despite the lack of some information, a fairly detailed picture is formed. The Black Sea Fleet, based in the immediate vicinity of the zone of the Special Operation, naturally takes the most active part in it. Its forces and means corresponding to specific tasks and goals are involved in the activities. This approach allows you to get the desired results of combat work. At the same time, the Black Sea Fleet is reinforced with combat units of other formations, and also operates together with other branches of the military.

Fleet at work


The Black Sea Fleet began its combat work almost immediately with the start of the Special Operation. In its first hours, a massive missile attack was carried out on key objects of the enemy's military infrastructure. To destroy a significant part of the targets, Caliber cruise missiles were used, so far available only on ships and submarines.

During the Special Operation, it was repeatedly reported about new strikes using high-precision weapons, incl. products "Caliber". According to various estimates, by now the ships have used up to several hundred of these missiles and have fully realized their potential. Cruise missiles have proven to be one of the most effective means of demilitarization. Therefore, they will continue to be used - with clear consequences for the enemy.


Naval aviation - still in training, February 2022

It should be noted that the ships of the Black Sea Fleet use not only cruise missiles, but also other weapons. So, starting from February 25, the Ministry of Defense reported several times about attempts by Ukrainian combat boats to attack our ships using "mosquito" tactics. Such attacks ended with a natural result - each time the "swarm" lost several combat units. To combat such an enemy, artillery of various calibers was used.

However, an episode is known in which the Black Sea Fleet managed to solve the task without the use of weapons. So, on February 24-25, without a single shot, Fr. Serpentine. The garrison of the island surrendered and was transferred to the Crimea. However, during the removal of the surrendered fighters, another enemy mosquito attack had to be repelled.

With the direct participation of the fleet, other tasks are also solved. So, the other day, the port of Berdyansk was taken under control, which previously served as one of the bases of the Ukrainian naval forces and border guards. Now the anti-sabotage forces of the Black Sea Fleet are guarding the port and the captured trophies.

Control issues


It should be noted that the work of the Navy in the current Special Operation is connected not only with the direct defeat of targets or active actions to take new territories. No less important is the task of controlling water areas, territories and airspace for one purpose or another.

Russian Navy in Special Operation

Captured garrison about. Serpentine gets rations

The events of recent weeks and days clearly show that the Black Sea Fleet, represented by ships and coastal formations, completely controls the Black Sea water area. The remnants of the Ukrainian Navy are blocked at the remaining bases, and any attempt to use them in combat will again lead to losses. The same applies to the airspace over the sea and over the coast. The work of Ukrainian aviation in these areas is virtually excluded.

It is important to take control of Serpentine. In the past, it housed air defense facilities that controlled a significant part of the Black Sea. Also, the island is an advantageous position for anti-ship, anti-aircraft or other fire weapons. However, now the appearance of enemy weapons on it is excluded, and there is no threat to our ships and aircraft.

What tasks are assigned to the Black Sea BDK is unknown. However, even information about their release to the sea leads to curious results. The Ukrainian army is expecting an amphibious assault near Odessa and is trying to build defenses there. At the same time, the deployed units are tied to their positions and can no longer depart for other fronts. In addition, they become easier targets for demilitarizing strikes.


The building of the airfield in Vinnitsa, hit by a Caliber strike

Such "anti-amphibious defense" tries to take active steps, but has not succeeded in this. So far, she has only managed to fire on foreign ships and release a few fakes about unconfirmed “victories”.

Interim results


The special military operation in Ukraine is still ongoing, and various types of armed forces are performing their assigned tasks. At the same time, it is already possible to consider intermediate results, incl. from the point of view of the combat work of the navy. And in general, the Navy shows itself in the best way.

The extensive capabilities of modern shipborne armaments of all main classes are clearly shown and confirmed. It is the fleet's missiles that account for most of the affected stationary objects of the enemy's military infrastructure. Also, our Navy successfully completed several naval battles, in which it easily disabled or destroyed enemy watercraft. The implementation of other measures, both combat and auxiliary, continues.

Thus, even now the actions of the Russian Navy and the results of its combat work are highly commendable. At the same time, the Special Operation has not yet been completed, and the fleet will have to continue work in all areas. Apparently, he will cope with future tasks.
Author:
Photos used:
Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, Telegram / "Major and General"
48 comments
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  1. Seryoga64
    Seryoga64 16 March 2022 05: 17
    -7
    in which he easily disabled or destroyed enemy watercraft.

    Interestingly, did these boats move on oars? laughing
    1. Asad
      Asad 16 March 2022 06: 00
      0
      I agree with you, there is nothing shameful in the fact that there was no enemy fleet as such. I probably missed the news about naval battles.
      1. Seryoga64
        Seryoga64 16 March 2022 06: 06
        +6
        Quote: ASAD
        I agree with you, there is nothing shameful in the fact that there was no enemy fleet as such

        Well, they gave up on it. Moreover, they themselves began to sink their boats
        I probably missed the news about naval battles.

        I haven't heard anything either request
        1. Borik
          Borik 16 March 2022 06: 37
          +10
          The time will come and all the details will be written about the "sea" battles .. In the meantime, due to the transience of action in the maritime theater, all public attention is focused on the land front. Although our actions at sea were mentioned several times, where it was reported that several boats of the mosquito fleet of Ukraine were sunk.
          1. Seryoga64
            Seryoga64 16 March 2022 06: 41
            +2
            Yes, I'm not complaining. I understand what and when to speak and when to remain silent
            1. NIKN
              NIKN 16 March 2022 10: 46
              +1
              As far as I understand, the main task of the fleet there is to control the water area in the Black Sea. Any clash with our fleet is a clash between NATO and us, with everything that follows. Therefore, he (fleet0) performs its task simply by its presence, and along the way, it performs the tasks described in the article.
  2. Kuroneko
    Kuroneko 16 March 2022 08: 22
    -1
    The fact that naval Calibers were mainly involved is mainly due to the fact that after America broke the INF Treaty, we had not yet had time to develop ground-based carriers. So this is such an achievement.
    Well, everything else is correct. Plus, it is not in vain that Russia especially protects its fleet. It will be very useful to us in the coming years.
  3. Silhouette
    Silhouette 16 March 2022 08: 29
    0
    Why does no one refute Ukraine's reports about the strike on "V. Bykov"? What about him ?
    Today there were reports about the beginning of the landing in the south of the Odessa region in the district of Vilkovo and Sergeevka.
    1. Prometheus
      Prometheus 16 March 2022 08: 43
      +1
      strike on "V. Bykov"? What about him ?

      It has long been debunked. https://5--tv-ru.turbopages.org/5-tv.ru/s/news/378905/foto-tonusego-rossijskogo-korabla-vasilij-bykov-okazalos-fejkom/
      1. Silhouette
        Silhouette 16 March 2022 09: 12
        0
        Link does not open.
        1. Serg65
          Serg65 16 March 2022 10: 26
          +15
          Quote: Silhouette
          Link does not open.

          Bykov was not present during his sinking, an Estonian dry cargo ship came in his place, who, looking at how the Ukrainian artillerymen were drowning him, with laughter blew himself up on a mine .... well, he drowned himself so as not to violate the reporting of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Ukraine on the losses of the attacker!
          The next 112 Russian landing on Odessa again did not take place, for which the battles for New York began!
          hi
          1. Paranoid50
            Paranoid50 17 March 2022 23: 09
            +1
            Quote: Serg65
            the landing on Odessa again did not take place, for which the battles for New York began!

            This message will definitely cause a panic in the mattress, and not only for New York:
            1. Serg65
              Serg65 18 March 2022 06: 27
              +3
              Quote: Paranoid50
              This message will definitely cause a panic in the mattress

              And there is nothing to call our farms our Odessa !!!! wink
    2. Stepan S
      Stepan S 17 March 2022 23: 26
      0
      Why does no one refute Ukraine's reports about the strike on "V. Bykov"? What about him ?

      There is a video of how "Bulls" entered Sevastopol two days ago alive and well.
  4. Mister X
    Mister X 16 March 2022 09: 06
    +1
    Since then there have been more of them, but the Army and Navy are unchanged
    1. Vadim Astashkin
      Vadim Astashkin 17 March 2022 17: 01
      0
      The fleet would do well to increase and upgrade a little. The army is in order, but the ships of the 80s are already such allies
  5. Serg65
    Serg65 16 March 2022 10: 29
    +7
    Against the background of flights of our calibers, I would like to talk with Sasha Timokhin about the worthlessness of Buyanoa and Karakurt ... what
    1. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 16 March 2022 10: 38
      +1
      Quote: Serg65
      Against the background of flights of our calibers, I would like to talk with Sasha Timokhin about the worthlessness of Buyanoa and Karakurt ... what

      Do you want to talk about the value of RTOs using the example of a one-goal game? wink
      The tasks of the RTOs in this conflict were reduced to reaching the designated area, 30-50 miles from the coast, and launching the CD. Without any opposition from the enemy. And they could well have been carried out by ground launchers of the GLCM.
      1. Serg65
        Serg65 16 March 2022 13: 08
        +4
        Quote: Alexey RA
        And they could well have been carried out by ground launchers of the GLCM.

        Why didn't they do it?
        Quote: Alexey RA
        The tasks of RTOs in this conflict were reduced to reaching the designated area, 30-50 miles from the coast, and launching the CD.

        Do they have any other purpose?
        Quote: Alexey RA
        Without any opposition from the enemy

        And what could be the opposition for launches ... let's say. from Karantinnaya towards the bridges across the Bosporus, towards Incirlik, Krumovo, Mikhail Kogalniceanu, Papa or Ramstein?
        hi Welcome! How is your health?
        1. Alexey RA
          Alexey RA 16 March 2022 14: 50
          +5
          Quote: Serg65
          Welcome! How is your health?

          hi Greetings. It looks like they are going to release it this month.
          Quote: Serg65
          Why didn't they do it?

          Because RTOs were built to bypass the INF Treaty. After that, the deployment of the GLCM turned out to be on the sidelines.
          If the Navy had not hit RTOs, priority would have been given to cheaper ground-based mobile launchers.
          Quote: Serg65
          Do they have any other purpose?

          Fight against enemy ships in BMZ. wink
          Simply raising the question of the need or uselessness of special-purpose RTOs using the example of a conflict in which they worked without any opposition from the enemy is somewhat incorrect. The same tasks could be performed by the notorious "container ship with caliber containers." smile
          Quote: Serg65
          And what could be the opposition for launches ... let's say. from Karantinnaya towards the bridges across the Bosporus, towards Incirlik, Krumovo, Mikhail Kogalniceanu, Papa or Ramstein?

          Indefinite dominance in the air and at sea with comparable forces of the parties. At which launchers transported on RTOs require at least minimal protection, which can be provided by RTOs of special construction.
          And as threats in your case, there can be anything - from anti-ship missiles that have broken through the air defense to JASSM, JDAM and others with delivery to their base.
          1. Serg65
            Serg65 17 March 2022 09: 26
            +2
            Quote: Alexey RA
            It looks like they are going to release it this month.

            God bless you!!!
            Quote: Alexey RA
            If the Navy had not hit RTOs, priority would have been given to cheaper ground-based mobile launchers.

            Alexey, I’m not very sure that the Navy personally forced the industry to build RTOs, moreover, in the light of not only recent events, mobile platforms with KR and RCC are already needed off the coast of Africa ....... and possibly Latin America. So the parity of the offshore platform, in my opinion, did not come out of the ceiling!

            Quote: Alexey RA
            Fight against enemy ships in BMZ.

            I agree ... I confess recourse
            Quote: Alexey RA
            And as threats in your case, there can be anything - from anti-ship missiles that have broken through the air defense to JASSM, JDAM and others with delivery to their base.

            The dispersion of pennants eliminates most of this problem, especially in the Azov-Black Sea basin there is where to hide!
            In addition ... the preparation for peace enforcement went on for more than five years, and the option of NATO joining in defense of Ukraine was probably considered .... but this did not force the RF Ministry of Defense to speed up work on container transportation of Caliber ... for some reason, the emphasis was placed on OTRK Iskander!
            hi
      2. Stepan S
        Stepan S 17 March 2022 23: 28
        +1
        And they could well have been carried out by ground launchers of the GLCM.

        It was impossible to have a long-range GLCM. You know this very well, yet you pretend not to.
        1. Alexey RA
          Alexey RA 18 March 2022 15: 12
          -1
          Quote: Stepan S
          It was impossible to have a long-range GLCM. You know this very well, yet you pretend not to.

          Since 2019 - you can. But the Armed Forces continued to order RTOs.
  6. Jacket in stock
    Jacket in stock 16 March 2022 12: 12
    -4
    And what is it boolo?
    Again, repetition of "not reported", "not known" and "maybe".
    Three-episode "highly like".
  7. max702
    max702 16 March 2022 17: 37
    -3
    As usual, the infantry beats with blood and sweat, and the fleet is somewhere there .. For there are no tasks for it .. Well, at least they set calibers for working on the ground, otherwise it would be completely sad sadness .. And yes, it would be interesting to look at the numbers funds for the fleet went and lope for the entire special operation ..
    1. yashka12007
      yashka12007 17 March 2022 02: 30
      +1
      And what would you like to approach Odessa and direct fire on the fortified areas, and then the landing, as in Normandy in 1944, straight into minefields and machine guns, there are many victims, but heroes.
      1. max702
        max702 17 March 2022 08: 30
        -2
        What I mean is that there is not much sense from the fleet, as in all conflicts of the last 80 years .. What was repeatedly said to the local flotophiles, lovers of AUG and other things .. And the current conflict perfectly confirms this! That network resources should be invested precisely in the land component and the videoconferencing, and only then in naval toys .. Moreover, the most "useless" ships really work, according to the local flotophiles .. That's all you need to know about their analytics in these matters.
        1. KIND LAVRENTIUS
          KIND LAVRENTIUS 17 March 2022 09: 27
          +1
          Quote: max702
          What I mean is that there is not much sense from the fleet, as in all conflicts of the last 80 years ..

          the main purpose of the fleet is the control and protection of maritime communications (world trade).
          1. max702
            max702 17 March 2022 09: 53
            -1
            Quote: KIND LAVRENTIUS
            Quote: max702
            What I mean is that there is not much sense from the fleet, as in all conflicts of the last 80 years ..

            the main purpose of the fleet is the control and protection of maritime communications (world trade).

            Our strategic nuclear forces are doing this much better, which confirms the world for many decades ..
            1. Alexey RA
              Alexey RA 17 March 2022 16: 11
              -1
              Quote: max702
              Our strategic nuclear forces are doing this much better, which confirms the world for many decades ..

              So our strategic nuclear forces are also a fleet. At least 40%. smile
              1. max702
                max702 17 March 2022 20: 02
                -1
                But this is the biggest problem of our strategic nuclear forces .. SSBNs at the sight of enemy nuclear submarines from the moment they leave our bases and hour X there will be little sense from this component, but it’s not like 80% in costs there %.. Spend these resources on the Strategic Missile Forces and Aerospace Forces and the defense will be much more reliable .. The fleet is multi-purpose nuclear submarines, frigates, corvettes, minesweepers and troop transports .. Nothing larger than a frigate is needed, after modernization there will be two "white elephants" of the Orlan project and enough ..
                1. Alexey RA
                  Alexey RA 17 March 2022 21: 14
                  0
                  Quote: max702
                  Spend these resources on the Strategic Missile Forces and Aerospace Forces and the defense will be much more reliable.

                  It’s just that resources had to be spent not on RTOs, patrolmen and hydroaviation, but on the IPC, TSC and the modernization of the Il-38. And for new ICAPLs, even if they replace part of the Boreevs (because the SSBNs will not be able to launch without cover, so building it without an ICAPL does not make sense).
                  But for this it was necessary to approve the concept of building a fleet, in which the main task of the Navy would be to ensure the survival and fulfillment of the combat mission of the SSBNs. And not fighting pirates and putting out fires in Turkey.
                  1. max702
                    max702 18 March 2022 11: 18
                    -2
                    Or maybe forget about the SSBNs and set really necessary and real tasks for the fleet? Whether there will be a conflict with strategic nuclear forces is a big question (and even then it will be completely solved by silos), but the tasks listed will definitely be. and so on) and there was a need to approach the goal as much as possible. Now, in the light of progress in rocket technology, there is no such need ..
        2. alexey sidykin
          alexey sidykin 17 March 2022 20: 17
          0
          Quote: max702
          the current conflict confirms this perfectly!

          The current conflict cannot confirm anything, because Ukraine did not have a current fleet. Unlike more serious opponents from NATO
        3. yashka12007
          yashka12007 17 March 2022 22: 14
          +1
          I completely agree that the fleet in the current conditions is needed in the form of small cheap coast guard ships, and long-range target engagement should be carried out either by aviation or generally from space at any time and at any point and this is not fantasy, all countries strive for this, but not everyone will succeed, but you can put a bolt on a treaty on the nonproliferation of weapons in space, the main thing is to be the first, and there we will bargain, you see, and the Americans will begin to pay us what kind of tribute.
      2. Stepan S
        Stepan S 17 March 2022 23: 30
        0
        And what would you like to approach Odessa and direct fire on fortified areas

        There was information about the work of naval artillery along the coast in the Sanzheyka area
    2. Vadim Astashkin
      Vadim Astashkin 17 March 2022 17: 09
      0
      Do you know why the fleet was created? And then, to counteract the enemy at sea. Our current fleet was created under the USSR, and the NATO Navy should have been its main opponents. And he also had to ensure the exit of the SSBNs from the bases for delivering nuclear strikes on the States. And since then, his tasks have not changed. Alas, there was no worthy opponent on February 24, Bender had 2 ships, they drowned themselves. Therefore, the fleet delivered limited strikes on land, which are not its main task. We are not building an American-style intervention fleet.
      1. max702
        max702 17 March 2022 20: 07
        -3
        These are the colossal costs of the mythical scenario, despite the fact that we are not able to ensure the safety of the SSBNs, that is, the fleet will not complete the task and the need for the concept of its use since the times of the USSR needs to be revised .. SSBNs should be withdrawn from the nuclear triad as inefficient resources should be directed to the Strategic Missile Forces and Aerospace Forces .
    3. Stepan S
      Stepan S 17 March 2022 23: 34
      0
      Everything, as usual, the infantry fights with blood and sweat, and the fleet is somewhere out there.

      For this is a ground operation. The fleet has auxiliary functions, but the fleet keeps Odessa in tension and fetters forces there. Yet, no one has landed yet. Naval aviation is working. Part of the marines left on the first day through the isthmus.
  8. alexey sidykin
    alexey sidykin 17 March 2022 20: 13
    0
    Hmm ... I don’t remember the participation of the fleet in hostilities. In addition to the capture of Serpentine and the landing of troops in Berdyansk. But here and there passed without clashes
    1. max702
      max702 17 March 2022 20: 48
      0
      They shoot mostly with calibers ..
      1. alexey sidykin
        alexey sidykin 17 March 2022 21: 41
        0
        Quote: max702
        They shoot mostly with calibers ..

        In order to shoot with a caliber and go out to sea, you don’t have to go out to the raid and shuruy. laughing
        1. max702
          max702 17 March 2022 21: 42
          0
          Duc, yes, as if they were not shooting from the pier. But there was a video from near Odessa 6 pieces launched ..
        2. Stepan S
          Stepan S 17 March 2022 23: 31
          0
          BUT the ship is still needed for this to enter the raid?
          1. max702
            max702 18 March 2022 11: 26
            -1
            There was more of a question about medium-range missiles because it was possible only from the sea and air, but the concept of universal cells allows us to solve other problems .. By the way, have you noticed that we completely repeat the path of the United States in armaments? Stealth, UYA, UAV, BTG .. I’m wondering when our infantry will have an analogue of the XM-25, their soldiers will be delighted with this device and scream, give me more!
  9. TatarinSSSR
    TatarinSSSR April 20 2022 09: 35
    +1
    Why until now, after the death of the BDK and the missile cruiser, the commander of the Black Sea Fleet has not been removed from his post and dismissed due to official inconsistency !? Why wasn't he brought in for such stupidly insane losses? Or is it too close to the "circle of untouchables"!?
  10. Alexander Kuksin
    Alexander Kuksin 12 May 2022 13: 03
    0
    With all this, Ukrainians have a very good school and specialists in naval special forces. You have to be very careful. I don’t understand at all what they climbed with their landing force. Would you like more circus? Naval special forces could easily occupy the island, especially since there was no one there.
  11. Hyper_X
    Hyper_X 25 May 2022 07: 13
    -1
    The Black Sea Fleet has a fairly large fleet of front-line aircraft of various types capable of solving a wide range of tasks.

    Do not tell ... and announce, specifically, which ones ???
    I also ask you to indicate what hangs there from hanging containers on these .. front-line aircraft - they are interested in analogues of LANTIRN and Sniper-XR.
    And then our Su34 throws conventional bombs ...