Military Review

"Generalissimo Suvorov" and others. Boreas in 2022

39
"Generalissimo Suvorov" and others. Boreas in 2022

Bookmark SSBN "Prince Oleg", July 2014


In the context of the modernization of the naval fleet of particular importance is the program for the construction of strategic missile submarines pr. 955A Borey-A. Not so long ago, the latest successes of this program were reported, and work continues. In the new year 2022, a number of important events are expected to positively affect the state of the submarine forces.

Last year's backlog


On December 21, a solemn ceremony of accepting new submarines into the Navy took place in Severodvinsk. The flag of the Navy was hoisted on the Knyaz Oleg strategic missile cruiser and on the Novosibirsk multi-purpose nuclear submarine. The Commander-in-Chief of the Navy and the Deputy Minister of Defense were present at the ceremony. The President and the Minister of Defense watched the event via video link.

Two submarines were built at the Sevmash enterprise in Severodvinsk and tested in the nearest waters. The flag-raising ceremony was also held at the plant. At the same time, the ships are intended for the Pacific Fleet. In the near future, when weather conditions allow, the submarines will make the transition to a permanent duty station.


"Prince Oleg" is ready for launching, July 2020

The dates of the submarines' arrival at the bases of the Pacific Fleet have not yet been specified. Most likely, this will happen within the next few months. Accordingly, during the year the crew of the "Prince Oleg" and coastal units will carry out all the necessary measures, and the cruiser will be ready for full-fledged service and for combat patrols.

Thus, by the end of 2022, the Navy will already have five combat-ready and ready-to-work Boreevs. Three of them will serve in the Pacific Ocean. At the same time, the submarine forces of the Pacific Fleet will be replenished with a new ship built according to the modernized Project 955A, which has significant advantages over the basic design.

Priority task


On December 21, during an expanded meeting of the Collegium of the Ministry of Defense, the leadership of the department revealed some of the current plans for the further construction of Borey-class nuclear submarines. In particular, they indicated that the priority task for the next 2022 is the completion of work and the acceptance of the new submarine Generalissimo Suvorov into the fleet. This cruiser is the sixth in the entire series and the second serial representative of Project 955A.


Flag-raising ceremony on new nuclear submarines, December 21, 2021

At that time, "Generalissimo Suvorov" was in the workshop of "Sevmash". Employees of the enterprise carried out the remaining work before the withdrawal of the submarine from the slipway and launching. In addition, a ceremony was being prepared during which the ship was supposed to leave the workshop.

The solemn event took place just a few days later - on December 25th. At the ceremony, congratulations were received from the command of the fleet and the leadership of the Arkhangelsk region. In addition, according to naval tradition, the submarine commander broke a bottle of champagne on the side, and the process of withdrawing the ship from the boathouse began.

The coming months "Generalissimo Suvorov" will spend at the pier of the manufacturer. The remaining work and the first checks of the equipment will be carried out. Then mooring tests will begin, according to the results of which the ship will be allowed to sail. It is expected that all these events will take place during 2022. No later than December, the new cruiser can be accepted into the fleet. According to known data, it will be transferred to the Pacific Fleet.


The first section of "Generalissimo Suvorov", December 2014

Plans for carrying out all the remaining work and testing during this year look quite realistic, and this is confirmed by practice. So, the lead Borey-A, Knyaz Vladimir, was launched in November 2017, went on trial about a year later, and went into operation in June 2020. The first serial ship of the project, Knyaz Oleg, was launched in July 2020, brought to trials in May 2021, and the acceptance certificate was signed in December.

This shows that the project has been fully worked out, and the manufacturer is ready for a quick and smooth execution of orders. Any significant problems that could negatively affect the delivery time of the new SSBN should not be expected. Accordingly, the Generalissimo Suvorov has every chance of joining the fleet at the end of the year. Shortly after that, the cruiser will go to the place of service, and as early as 2023, the first trip may take place.

Until the end of the year


At an expanded meeting of the Collegium of the Ministry of Defense, the head of state noted that after the "Prince Oleg" industry should transfer five more submarines of Project 955A to the Navy. It is obvious that the first of them this year will be the "Generalissimo Suvorov". The next four ships are still at different stages of construction, and their acceptance will take place only in a few years. However, some events are already planned for this year.


The withdrawal from the boathouse of the submarine "Generalissimo Suvorov", December 25, 2021

The new "Generalissimo Suvorov" will be followed by the cruiser "Emperor Alexander III" - the fourth representative of the modernized Borey-A project and the seventh ship of the entire series. It was laid down in December 2015 and is still on the slipway. However, the construction is already moving to the final stage. A month ago, domestic media reported that this ship would be launched at the end of 2022. The transfer to the fleet will take place about a year after that.

The next in the series will be the Knyaz Pozharsky, laid down at the end of 2016. The work schedule for this order has not yet been specified. The construction process of the previous submarines of the series suggests that in 2022 this SSBN will remain under construction, and launching and testing should be expected no earlier than next year.

A similar forecast can be made for the cruisers "Dmitry Donskoy" and "Prince Potemkin". They were laid down just a few months ago, in August 2021, and construction is still in its very early stages. According to current plans, these submarines will be launched and handed over to the fleet only in the second half of the decade.


Bookmark SSBN "Emperor Alexander III", December 2015

Important year


The construction of strategic nuclear submarines pr. 955 (A) continues and has reached a fairly high pace. In recent years, several important developments have taken place within the framework of this program, and more are expected in 2022. At the same time, the year that has just begun is of particular importance. This year, industry and the navy will have to test one cruiser, complete and launch a second one, and continue building two more.

For obvious reasons, the main focus this year will be on the Generalissimo Suvorov cruiser. It is already at the berth of the Sevmash plant and is preparing for testing. In the absence of serious difficulties, which are now unlikely, the fleet will be able to receive it before the end of the year. It should be noted that news about new stages in the biography of "Generalissimo Suvorov" will be received in the next 2023. After acceptance, the ship and its crew will have to make the transition to the place of service, get used to it, and also begin to perform the assigned tasks.

However, the Boreev construction program is not limited to the submarine that was taken out of the shed a few weeks ago. This year, work on other orders will continue, and important events and events are also expected. And thanks to this, the new year 2022 will be able to take a prominent place in the modern stories Russian submarine fleet as an important and successful period.
Author:
Photos used:
"OSK", "Sevmash"
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  1. Borik
    Borik 14 January 2022 18: 07
    0
    The 955 series must be continued, otherwise 10 submarines are somehow not enough for our fleet.
    1. Evgeny Babakov
      Evgeny Babakov 14 January 2022 21: 56
      -2
      It is possible, necessary and definitely more, than no more, the better!
    2. bk0010
      bk0010 14 January 2022 23: 46
      +8
      No need: the number of missiles and warheads is limited, sea-based missiles already account for too much of them. Now, if you make a 955 project for cruise missiles ...
    3. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 15 January 2022 10: 25
      +5
      Quote: Borik
      The 955 series must be continued, otherwise 10 submarines are somehow not enough for our fleet.

      There's no point. SSBNs without support and cover are a target. It is better to exchange several SSBNs in construction for ICAPLs, minesweepers and MPKs.
      Otherwise, our SLBM carriers will walk under escort right from the moment they leave the base, and in wartime they will be bottled up in these bases. At the same Pacific Fleet there is only one combat-ready ICAPL. Which needs to simultaneously cover all SSBNs, and even SSGNs.
    4. Nemchinov Vl
      Nemchinov Vl 15 January 2022 13: 58
      +2
      Quote: Borik
      The 955 series must be continued,
      yeah with index "K" (under cruise missiles), to replace the "Batons" (949A) .... 10 pieces too ...
      Quote: Borik
      otherwise 10 submarines are somehow not enough for our fleet.

      so that the enemies get lost when tracking who and where from "Boreev A" left ... from the KR or zhah at all ...?!!
  2. yuriy55
    yuriy55 14 January 2022 18: 31
    0
    I see that the design of the screw is a state secret... Apparently, the purpose of "drapery" justifies the effort and money expended. good
    1. AUL
      AUL 14 January 2022 19: 03
      +1
      Not the fact that there is a screw at all!
      1. cachekmosa
        cachekmosa 14 January 2022 19: 57
        +5
        about the screws on the Boreas

      2. Sailor
        Sailor 14 January 2022 20: 12
        +4
        Screws on the Ashes, and on the Boreas, fortunately, a quieter water cannon.
    2. sergo1914
      sergo1914 14 January 2022 22: 35
      +2
      Quote: yuriy55
      I see that the design of the screw is a state secret... Apparently, the purpose of "drapery" justifies the effort and money expended. good


      There is also a black tarpaulin on the muzzle. Tradition-s. You can not understand.
    3. Grits
      Grits 15 January 2022 14: 35
      0
      Quote: yuriy55
      I see that the design of the screw is a state secret... Apparently, the purpose of "drapery" justifies the effort and money expended.

      It's always been that way. The screws are covered with either boxes or tarps.
  3. Lt. Air Force stock
    Lt. Air Force stock 14 January 2022 18: 44
    +2
    An American acoustic submariner who served in Los Angeles talks about Borey, it’s quite interesting, the channel has a series of videos about all the submarines of Russia and the USSR. You can turn on subtitles and translation on YouTube.
    1. silver_roman
      silver_roman 14 January 2022 23: 14
      +3
      Yandex browser has a parallel translation into Russian. a little clumsy, but enough to understand everything. very cool technology based on neural networks. True, it takes some time for the video to be pre-translated. That is, it is not immediately available for viewing with translation.
  4. Jacket in stock
    Jacket in stock 14 January 2022 19: 07
    -5
    The BoreyA project is already 10 years old.
    In the "era of accelerating scientific and technological progress" (as they said at the time of my youth), this is already a whole era.
    It's time to make at least new boats according to the updated project.
    But BoreyB was canceled, it turns out that "new" boats, which have just begun to be built, will be 20 years old by the time they go to sea. It is unlikely that by that time it will be possible to call them modern.
    1. Dart2027
      Dart2027 14 January 2022 19: 17
      -3
      Quote: Jacket in stock
      The BoreyA project is already 10 years old.
      In the "era of accelerating scientific and technological progress" (as they said at the time of my youth), this is already a whole era.

      How old is the Virginia project?
    2. Lt. Air Force stock
      Lt. Air Force stock 14 January 2022 19: 47
      +5
      Quote: Jacket in stock
      The BoreyA project is already 10 years old.
      In the "era of accelerating scientific and technological progress" (as they said at the time of my youth), this is already a whole era.

      In the United States, Ohio is already from 24 to 40 years old and Columbia will not appear in the ranks soon, according to plans from 2031.
    3. silver_roman
      silver_roman 14 January 2022 23: 15
      +3
      Borey-A is a modernized project. There are quite a few improvements.
    4. paul3390
      paul3390 15 January 2022 14: 26
      0
      This way you can repeat the Soviet mistake by riveting a terrible number of boats for completely different projects .. The consequences are obvious .. IMHO - it’s better to have a little worse, but serial ones .. Than a bunch of motley prodigies.
  5. AML
    AML 14 January 2022 19: 10
    +3
    Quote: yuriy55
    I see that the design of the screw is a state secret... Apparently, the purpose of "drapery" justifies the effort and money expended. good

    If this is news to you, then yes, it is a military secret. By the shape of the screws, you can estimate the hydroacoustic profile.
    1. yuriy55
      yuriy55 14 January 2022 19: 33
      +2
      Quote: AML
      If this is news to you, then yes, this is a military secret.

      No. For me, this is not news. He paid attention to the closed screws of submarines and even ships. I had no idea that this is how, easily, you can determine the hydroacoustic profile. Thank you for this little detail.
      hi
  6. Dimka75
    Dimka75 14 January 2022 19: 21
    0
    when weather conditions permit, the submarines will make the transition to their permanent duty station
    please explain this phrase
    Are they not 100% ready yet? Or will they sail over the oceans in tow?
    1. Boa kaa
      Boa kaa 15 January 2022 13: 02
      +5
      Quote: Dimka75
      ///when weather conditions allow, the submarines will make the transition to a permanent duty station///.
      please explain this phrase

      This is a bogus. Nuclear-powered ships do not depend on the weather, except for the restriction on the use of weapons. (SLBMs are used up to 8 b sea). Until the boat becomes the first line (that is, it does not pass the course tasks set by the Submarine Training Course) for the inter-fleet transition (usually with an associated BS), no one will release one ... And this means that it will go to sea after shooting the RK and conducting TS, with full BC. For seniors, they will probably send KD-25 or ZKD / NSh from the Pacific Fleet ...
      But Cyril does not know about this, and therefore writes what he writes ... smile
      AHA
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  8. Artemion3
    Artemion3 14 January 2022 19: 37
    -2
    We need a tactical nuclear submarine based on the 955 series, for some reason ash trees are more expensive than strategists come out.
    1. Barberry25
      Barberry25 14 January 2022 19: 49
      +5
      there is very powerful equipment for the search for submarines. there is no such thing on strategists
      1. Artemion3
        Artemion3 14 January 2022 19: 58
        +2
        Then it is clear
    2. lucul
      lucul 14 January 2022 20: 24
      -9
      We need a tactical nuclear submarine based on the 955 series, for some reason, ash trees are more expensive than strategists come out.

      For some reason, every Russophobe is aware of this, but the Russians don’t know about it, you don’t know why? ))))
      1. Artemion3
        Artemion3 14 January 2022 22: 06
        +2
        To me, a land person, far from the Navy, it’s just interesting. And I found out about it on this site.
      2. Boa kaa
        Boa kaa 15 January 2022 13: 18
        +3
        Quote: lucul
        For some reason, every Russophobe is aware of this, but the Russians don’t know about it, you don’t know why?

        You don't even know yourself!?
        - Russians are by nature lazy and unobtrusive ... until their life with a face, that is, a muzzle of a face, does not carry on the floor ... Only after that they become savvy and inventive!
        - A completely different nature, for example, among those exiled by God ... Burrry, they - they will fit into all holes without soap, they will find out everything and intel (for a considerable amount of money) to the Anglo-Saxons, or whoever pays more, they will push on occasion ... bully
    3. Grits
      Grits 15 January 2022 14: 42
      +1
      Quote: Artemion3
      We need a tactical nuclear submarine based on the 955 series, for some reason ash trees are more expensive than strategists come out.

      Because they made a universal prodigy. It combines both a missile submarine and a torpedo submarine (hunter). That is why it turned out to be complicated and expensive. For me, it would be better to have two different boats. One - to replace the "Batons", which could work both for NK and for objects on land. The second is a small, nimble, fast fighter of enemy submarines and NKs for the protection of SSBNs.
  9. parkhachev alexander
    parkhachev alexander 14 January 2022 22: 54
    -4
    more boreas and ash trees and not 2 units per year ..... We have accumulated a zoo in the union, so it is becoming obsolete
    1. Vadim237
      Vadim237 15 January 2022 00: 05
      -6
      It seems like Boreas will be built under the carriers of cruise missiles, but this is after the series with ICBMs is handed over. And for the purchase of 21 Ash M to the existing ones ordered, in order to keep parity in Virginia, the Moscow Region will have to beg for more than a trillion rubles from the budget for additional appropriations.
      1. demiurg
        demiurg 15 January 2022 08: 52
        +1
        Why does Russia need nuclear submarine parity with the United States?
        There are tasks for non-nuclear deterrence of neighbors. 4-8 nuclear submarines SF and 4-8 nuclear submarines TF. Plus eight strategists, four per fleet. For eyes.
      2. Boa kaa
        Boa kaa 15 January 2022 13: 35
        +2
        Quote: Vadim237
        And for the purchase of 21 Ash M to the existing ordered ...
        Where do you get such a ZIFIR, dear !? There were no plans to build 21 units. 885 projects. We would have ordered 8-10 (?) Units to torture at today's prices - it will already be a feat! Or do you think the Ams simply abandoned the Wolves? And we are going to cover their number almost 3 times with "Ash trees" until we build a new 545 project?
        We need to "stretch our legs according to our clothes", otherwise no economy will be able to endure the "underwater" arms race ...
        And, of course, do not forget about reasonable sufficiency ...
        AHA.
      3. Alexey Koshkarov
        Alexey Koshkarov 15 January 2022 23: 38
        0
        It seems like Boreas will be built under the carriers of cruise missiles, but this is after the series with ICBMs is handed over. And for the purchase of 21 Ash M to the existing ones ordered, in order to keep parity in Virginia, the Moscow Region will have to beg for more than a trillion rubles from the budget for additional appropriations.
        Reply
        1. Alexey Koshkarov
          Alexey Koshkarov 15 January 2022 23: 39
          0
          Our oligarchs withdrew over the cordon, according to the most conservative estimates, 6 trillion dollars. You can definitely look for money on submarines
  10. Sergey39
    Sergey39 15 January 2022 11: 45
    +1
    On SSBNs, there are jet engines.
    1. yuriy55
      yuriy55 15 January 2022 14: 55
      0
      Quote: Sergey39
      On SSBNs, there are jet engines.

      Most likely, this is the reason for the "camouflage-drapery". Being interested in the features of a water jet propulsion unit, I found out:
      - Well protected from mechanical damage and cavitation (the process of vaporization and subsequent collapse of vapor bubbles with simultaneous condensation of vapor in a liquid stream).
      - At high speeds, the efficiency is better than that of screw ones. Here you have a choice: either increased top speed or fuel economy.
      - Quieter compared to propellers.

      Here's another:
      The idea of ​​a water jet has been around for many centuries. Actually, the very principle of its work is not invented by people, but peeped from nature. Octopuses, squids, jellyfish and some other marine life use the “water jet” principle for movement: they take in water and throw it out with force (reactive principle of movement) ...
      Not only jet skis are equipped with jet propulsion. They are installed on large high-speed ferries and even on submarines because of their relatively quiet operation (the Russian project 995 Borey and the French submarine Triufan) ...

      hi
      1. Aag
        Aag 15 January 2022 20: 59
        0
        Quote: yuriy55
        Quote: Sergey39
        On SSBNs, there are jet engines.

        Most likely, this is the reason for the "camouflage-drapery". Being interested in the features of a water jet propulsion unit, I found out:
        - Well protected from mechanical damage and cavitation (the process of vaporization and subsequent collapse of vapor bubbles with simultaneous condensation of vapor in a liquid stream).
        - At high speeds, the efficiency is better than that of screw ones. Here you have a choice: either increased top speed or fuel economy.
        - Quieter compared to propellers.

        Here's another:
        The idea of ​​a water jet has been around for many centuries. Actually, the very principle of its work is not invented by people, but peeped from nature. Octopuses, squids, jellyfish and some other marine life use the “water jet” principle for movement: they take in water and throw it out with force (reactive principle of movement) ...
        Not only jet skis are equipped with jet propulsion. They are installed on large high-speed ferries and even on submarines because of their relatively quiet operation (the Russian project 995 Borey and the French submarine Triufan) ...

        hi

        ... Let's just say - you found out very general knowledge about the water cannon. In general, true. But (do not think, not a specialist), the pros and cons of using one or another propulsion system depend very much on the scope of application, the tasks being solved. A jet ski is one thing, a small vessel is another. Questions about the scope already arise!
        I have not heard about the massive use of water cannons on large ships for various purposes ...
        Submarines, depending on the task being solved, the purpose, it is preferable to have .... sometimes one, sometimes another type of propulsion unit.)) Combining, it seems, is very problematic.
        I would like the specialists to write. But, I think, those who served on the submarines with water cannons are still under subscription. hi
  11. Alexey Koshkarov
    Alexey Koshkarov 15 January 2022 23: 30
    +1
    The main thing is not to be burned at the shipyard, like our corvette and before that the frigate, or not defeated like an aircraft carrier