Military Review

Flurry-1A - a project of the Soviet fighter GDP "from the tail"

7
In the second half of the 20 century, in the midst of technological progress, many young professionals who graduated from universities, coming in the directions of design teams, remained “overboard” of large-scale projects being developed. The young engineer R. Martiroson, who came to work at the P. Sukhoi design bureau and was left without a real business, organized an initiative group of young engineers that started developing and designing an airplane that was completely new to the Soviet Union. Group members - 10 engineers and designers. The new work of young specialists was recognized as relevant. A public design bureau was created, in which work was conducted during non-working hours.

The aircraft was designed according to the scheme “from the tail” - the implementation of the ideas of GDP, without using additional engines in the aircraft structure, the installation of which led to an increase in the total mass of the aircraft.

Flurry-1A - a project of the Soviet fighter GDP "from the tail"


"Squall-1A" was a plane of GDP with an X-shaped wing system and a front horizontal full-turn tail. Fairings with internal fuel tanks and shock absorbers are installed at the ends of the wing for landing on the tail. For the implementation of an unusual method of GDP and stabilization of the aircraft, we developed a control system for jet rudders installed in the automatic control unit and associated with the navigation system. The pilot of the aircraft received a rotating seat, which, when taking off / landing, allowed the pilot to be in a comfortable position. For the first time, for control of the aircraft were offered control knobs placed along the sides of the cabin.



When developing the Squall-1А aircraft, which has a fundamentally new type of take-off / landing, young specialists have invented new technical solutions, of which more than two dozen were recognized as inventions. All of them were subsequently widely used to create new aircraft and missiles.

This promise of the design bureau, having carried out a large number of calculations, having built several large-scale models that successfully proved themselves on the TsAGI blow-outs, turned to P. Sukhoi himself to be able to demonstrate the project and further work on it in the framework of the design bureau. P. Sukhoi was a strict but fair head, and the project of young specialists, worked out from and to interested in the head of the design bureau. However, as an experienced leader, who knew about the situation in the country, and in particular in the aviation industry, he advised young professionals to continue to develop on a voluntary basis. On the possibility of full-fledged work in the design bureau for this project, P.Suhoy told the children about the impracticability of their desire because of the lack of funding for new developments.

However, the young team was helped - to assist in financing the project, the 1 Central Committee Secretary of the Komsomol and a specialist from the adjacent design bureau S. Ilyushin arrived in the design office. They got acquainted with the project and gave it a high rating.

They were allocated funding for the development of conceptual design with the construction of a full-scale model of the aircraft. After submitting it to the specialists of the sectoral departments, submit the results of the STC of the Ministry of Aviation Industry

It took young talents only six months to complete the tasks. The project has given them invaluable experience, making independent decisions and collectively solving the most difficult technical tasks. They themselves communicated with representatives or heads of departments, factories and institutes.

The finished layout was highly appreciated by test pilots. They especially liked the performance of the cockpit and the original control of the aircraft. Throughout the creation of the project, the children were assisted by specialists from CIAM, TsAGI, LII, adjacent design bureaus, academies and institutes. Therefore, it is not surprising that by the deadline, the project, which received good feedback from representatives of the sectoral departments, was submitted to the Ministry of Scientific and Technical Experts.



The fate of the project "Flurry-XNUMHA"
August 1963 of the year. Developers "Flurry-1A" successfully defended the project on the NTS MAP. And although the discussion of the project was quite sharp, young specialists boldly defended their ideas.

It is a pity that it all happened at that time. Then the political will of the Soviet leaders "strangled" the aircraft industry and new aircraft projects. The top leadership of the Soviet Union found the creation of a new aircraft of the original project inexpedient, but the project itself was rated rather well. All the team - the developer "Squall-XNUMHA" was awarded certificates from the IAO and the Central Committee of the Komsomol.

Heritage
Participation in this project was not in vain for its developers - they became the inventors of new solutions, received awards and later became prominent specialists in the aircraft industry and have “grown”:
- R. Martirosov - chief designer;
- L. Blinov - Deputy General Designer;
- V. Babak - Project Manager Su-25;
- I.Emelyanov - chief designer and leader of one of the projects;
- V.Sopin, I.Andrianov - leading specialists and project managers.



Conclusion
Foreign counterparts of the original Soviet project:
- German project “FW-860”;
- German project “Me-X1-21”
- American project "Nutcracker".


Information sources:
http://p-ln.ru/rus/shkval/index.html
http://www.dogswar.ru/oryjeinaia-ekzotika/aviaciia/6370-proekt-istrebitelia-.html
http://wartime.org.ua/2869-proekt-vinischuvacha-vvp-shkval-1a-okb-suhogo-srsr.html
http://golota-ufa.narod.ru/49a.htm
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7 comments
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  1. understudy
    understudy 20 September 2012 09: 23
    +2
    If anyone has read The Burning Isle, the plane is just like one of the fantastic illustrations. Our ancestors and senior comrades have a lot to be proud of.
  2. vpm
    vpm 20 September 2012 09: 30
    +1
    Yes, there were working models from the tail - the Americans also worked with a similar airplane project for take-off / landing from a vertical platform: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kZcpg70Ewbw
    Probably the main drawback is that the piloting skills for take-off / landing should have been at a high level - obviously not for combat conditions, it’s also difficult to say about profitability. However, with current computing capabilities, I won’t be surprised if they return to the idea at some point.
    1. Bashkaus
      Bashkaus 21 September 2012 20: 44
      0
      And what, the idea, an aircraft carrier of the 21st century. planes like pencils are installed in the mines, so each plane occupies significantly less ship area, which allows you to place twice as many planes as the traditional scheme. The launch is like a rocket due to the standard pyrapatrons. First, we launch all the planes, then with pallitra we think how to put them back)))
    2. Lontus
      Lontus 23 January 2020 13: 54
      0
      Quote: vpm
      Probably the main drawback is that the piloting skills for take-off / landing should have been at a high level - obviously not for combat conditions

      At the current level of control systems, this is already a trivial task
      Quote: vpm
      However, with current computing capabilities, I won’t be surprised if they return to the idea at some point.

      Here, another thing is surprising - that they still have not returned.
      With current control systems, tailsitter is better than other VTOL schemes.
  3. Director
    Director 20 September 2012 10: 11
    0
    Yes, and, as always, the country's leadership chopped off a dream, And a magical pepelats could have turned out.
  4. Antonio58
    Antonio58 20 September 2012 10: 26
    +1
    Reminded ...

    And so, of course, I am amazed at the design ideas of Soviet engineers.
  5. Gemar
    Gemar 20 September 2012 15: 11
    +1
    Article Plus +
    Just a pity there is no TTX request
    I would like to compare them with similar projects of the West.
    And yet, the front end looks like a Chinese J-20.
    1. Konrad
      Konrad 20 September 2012 18: 16
      0
      Quote: Gamar
      Just a pity there is no TTX

      If they had built, then they would have been TTX.
    2. Bashkaus
      Bashkaus 21 September 2012 20: 57
      0
      our counterintelligence does not sleep

      "... Never before has Barthhalemus Korabeynikov been so meanly deceived, he himself could have deceived anyone, but now he has burned out at his best commercial enterprise, from which he expected big profits and a secure old age ..."

      - I have the lowest request for you, I’m the brother of Epolyte Matveech Vorobyaninov ...
      -Well, I have a headset in the name of your brother
      -Thank you.
      -ONE HUNDRED RUBLES! and ask for money in advance.
      - Nothing, if gold?
      -Nothing "I'll lend him a warrant for the General's Popova's headset"
      -All in one place?
      -All! a very good set, Gantsev work ...
  6. Kostyanich
    Kostyanich 20 September 2012 16: 05
    0
    I'm not an expert but I wonder how he would behave in the air
  7. studentmati
    studentmati 20 September 2012 23: 48
    +1
    Everything new is well forgotten old.
  8. mind1954
    mind1954 21 September 2012 05: 28
    +1
    Yes then, everyone went crazy on this vertical take-off!
    The USA had the X-15, while ours Garnaev flew the Turbolet, etc. !
    And then the British, silent glanders, to everyone's surprise,
    took, and demonstrated "Short," and everyone calmed down !!!