Military Review

Prospects and future of the Russian fleet

40
The Ministry of Industry and Trade has prepared a large-scale draft state program for the development of shipbuilding in Russia. The total amount of funding under this program should be about 1,3 trillion. rubles. First of all, this program will be focused on the development of defense enterprises, while in civil shipbuilding, the main focus will be on building ice-class vessels, as well as offshore projects. The main recipient of funds under the shipbuilding development program will be the United Shipbuilding Corporation (USC).

The new state program developed by the St. Petersburg Central Scientific Research Institute named after academician. N. Krylova together with the Ministry of Industry and Trade is based on the implementation of 5 of previously announced federal target programs: “Development of civilian marine technology for 2009-2016 years (RGMT-2016), RGMT-2025, which will be operational from 2017 and RGMT-2030, as well as Development of OPK-2020 ”and“ Development of OPK-2025 ”. Thus, the timing of the implementation of the new program covers the time period to 2030 year. At the same time, the bulk of funds for technical re-equipment of enterprises will be sent to the defense sector.

According to Kommersant, the total funding for the program will be 1,3 trillion. rubles, while the bulk of the amount (940 billion rubles) will be spent on “preserving, strengthening and developing the design, scientific and production potential of the industry”, approximately 319 billion rubles will be spent on “developing advanced scientific and technical potential and modern technologies required for the development of promising marine technology. " Another order of 45 billion rubles will be aimed at “achieving in the Russian shipbuilding the level of advanced countries in terms of manufacturability, product quality, and labor productivity. It is planned to invest about 0,7 billion rubles into training for the industry. At the same time, as the sources of Kommersant note, the final parameters of the program are currently in the “discussion” stage and can be adjusted.
Prospects and future of the Russian fleet

As part of this program, the Ministry of Industry and Trade expects to achieve a return on investment of budget funds at the level of 1,59 rubles. for every ruble of investment. The above presentation states that the additional revenue from investments may amount to more than 25% or 350 billion rubles. At the same time, as part of the implementation of the program, the industry should receive about 20 thousands of new jobs, and the return on investment is planned to be achieved in 10 years.

The main focus of the civil part of the program will be on large shelf and arctic projects, in particular, RGMT-2025 is focused on their implementation. The main objectives of this program are “effective development of offshore hydrocarbon deposits in the Arctic”, as well as “ensuring the effective operation of the Northern Sea Route”. Russia's needs for icebreakers up to 2020 are estimated at 26 units (including 6 nuclear-powered icebreakers — 1 with a capacity of 110 MW and 5 with a capacity of 60 MW). In addition, Russia needs 230 tankers, as well as 40 new gazauzoakh. The total demand for ships for offshore development is of the order of 130 units, of which 30 falls to platforms and 90 to support ships. In general, according to the Ministry of Industry and Trade, the need of Russia for civilian marine engineering is 1 400 vessels.

The emphasis of civilian shipbuilding on the production of ice-class ships and offshore technology is logical because of export potential and domestic demand — in other segments, which include, for example, barges, it will be very difficult to withstand competition with Chinese and South Korean manufacturers. industry of the State Duma of Russia Vladimir Gutenev. At the same time, far from all the offshore projects are being implemented in Russia, on which the producers were very much counting. For example, development of the Shtokman field located in the Barents Sea was postponed indefinitely.

Shipbuilding program under the HPV-2020

Until 2020, as part of the implementation of the state arms program, it is planned to spend about 20 trillion on the re-equipment of the army. rubles. At the same time, the shipbuilding program within the framework of GPV-2020 is one of the most costly and problematic industries. Only for updating Russian fleet It is planned to spend about 5 trillion. rubles. At one time, Anatoly Serdyukov called the prices announced by shipbuilders “wild.” But this wildness has its own explanation. The long cycle of construction of large surface and submarine warships amid rising prices for components, materials, energy and ongoing structural inflation negatively affects the pricing of the industry.

At the same time, as an additional factor of significant growth in prices for the mass production of new submarines in comparison with the head boats, there was also widespread use in their construction of metal structures from other submarines, the construction of which was "frozen" in the early 1990-s. Despite all this, the task of updating the naval composition of the Navy will have to be solved in any case. According to the decisions that were taken during the formation of the general appearance of the LG-2020, it is planned to spend about 4,7 trillion on the needs of the fleet. rubles, while about 1 / 3 of this amount will be spent before the 2015 year.

Along with this, at the beginning of 2012, Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin said that in 2011, the shipbuilding industry had a significant decline in production volumes - by 16,2%, to 211,5 billion rubles. At the same time, the composition of the Russian Navy in its quantitative composition closely approached the minimum necessary level for solving various kinds of combat missions. That is why Russia just needs an urgent renewal of the fleet of warships.

The upgrade of the nuclear submarine fleet of Russia is associated with 2-I new platforms: the multi-purpose submarines of the project 885 "Ash" and the strategic submarine missile carriers of the project 955 "Borey". At present, the 2 submarine of the Borey project, the submarine Yury Dolgoruky and Alexander Nevsky, as well as the lead ship of the 885 project, the Severodvinsk, are on trial. Before 2020, the Russian fleet should receive, in addition to the already existing submarines, at least 6 strategic missile carriers (to be built according to a modified project), as well as at least 9 multi-purpose submarines of the modernized 885M project

If we talk about non-nuclear submarines, the situation here is not so rosy. An attempt to put the 677 “Lada” submarine with air-independent engines into service with the fleet has not yet succeeded. The head boat of this series, the St. Petersburg, is still in trial operation, and the 2s of other boats, the Kronstadt and Sevastopol, are likely, if they are completed to the end, then by a modernized project. Under these conditions, it is advisable to recognize the decision according to which, to replenish the submarine group of ships of the coastal zone, the fleet command began to place orders for the already developed platform - the boats of the 636.3 Varshavyanka project. The first contract for the construction of such boats 3-x has already been concluded. In total, for the needs of the Russian Black Sea Fleet, it is planned to build 6 submarines data.

The surface grouping of the Russian fleet, it was decided to update the "bottom". Currently, the military department is working on the issue of the appearance of a promising aircraft carrier, but the construction of such a ship is not included in the plans to re-equip the fleet before 2020. At the same time, it is planned to implement a program for the construction of ships of the ocean zone - “corvettes” and “frigates”. In this case, the ships of the project 22350, which at one time served as a universal platform for warships of the main class, while stalled with the commissioning. The lead frigate "Admiral Gorshkov" was laid back in the 2006 year, the launching of the ship took place in the 2011 year, while the second ship of the project "Admiral Kasatonov" was laid only in the 2009 year. By the construction of other ships from this series in 8 units at the "Northern Shipyard" have not even transgressed. At one time, even voiced figures about the construction of 20-30 ships of this project, but today these figures look clearly unrealistic.

On the basis of this, the fleet command decided to resort again to the previously tested method: the rapid contracting of a spent export project, which is being reworked for Russian needs and realities. It was in this way that the 2 contract for the construction of the 11356M frigates, which represent a slightly reworked version of the frigates built according to the Indian Talwar project, appeared at the Yantar shipyard in Kaliningrad.

If we talk about smaller vessels, then a significant number of 20385 corvettes are currently contracted. At the same time, the troubles with the shipyard “Northern Shipyards”, where it was planned to build these ships, did not allow to debug the fast and rhythmic execution of this order. At the moment, the Northern Werves are under the operational control of USC, which may entail the transfer of the order to other shipbuilding enterprises, but in any case, work on these corvettes will follow a realistic schedule.

In addition to warships, the composition of the Russian fleet by the end of 2020 of the year must be replenished with various auxiliary vessels. According to the Deputy Minister of Defense of Russia, General of the Army Dmitry Bulgakov, 2020 auxiliary ships for the fleet are planned to be built until the year of 96. In the 2012 year, contracts were already signed for the purchase of the first 5-auxiliary vessels. According to Dmitry Bulgakov, at present, the Ministry of Defense is purchasing only complex logistics and technical support vessels. Everything necessary will be provided on each of these ships: from the availability of fire extinguishing equipment to food, water, fuel, various military equipment, including ammunition and missiles, the general noted.

In general, it is worth noting that the bulk of orders for the LG-2020 have yet to be formed in the 2015 area of ​​the year, so that Russian shipbuilders have a small amount of time to prepare.

Information sources:
http://www.kommersant.ru/doc/2020517
http://www.oborona.ru/includes/periodics/armament/2011/1212/14237820/detail.shtml
http://vz.ru/society/2012/9/13/597999.html
Author:
40 comments
Ad

Subscribe to our Telegram channel, regularly additional information about the special operation in Ukraine, a large amount of information, videos, something that does not fall on the site: https://t.me/topwar_official

Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. Andrei from Chelyabinsk
    Andrei from Chelyabinsk 19 September 2012 09: 02
    +6
    at the same time most of the amount (940 billion rubles) will be spent on “preserving, strengthening and developing the design, scientific and production potential of the industry”, approximately 319 billion rubles will be spent on “developing advanced scientific and technical potential and modern technologies, necessary for the development of promising marine technology. " Another order of 45 billion rubles will be aimed at “achieving in the Russian shipbuilding the level of advanced countries in terms of manufacturability, product quality, and labor productivity. It is planned to invest about 0,7 billion rubles into training for the industry.

    Directly in music in the ears .... if at least half will be spent for the intended purpose, and from this half only half will be spent with due efficiency .... then even this will be too good to be believed
    1. Redpartyzan
      Redpartyzan 19 September 2012 09: 29
      +1
      In GPV Navy at least there are ships and boats that we will build. In the ground forces, only tests will pass in 2013, 2014. So here more or less everything is clear left to conclude contracts.
    2. saturn.mmm
      saturn.mmm 19 September 2012 13: 03
      0
      Quote: Andrey from Chelyabinsk
      Straight to the music in my ears ....

      APEC has passed, after the Olympics, in theory, funding will increase, and circumstances are forcing where the Chinese dragon will turn its head?
      About B-52- 200 pieces were preserved.
      We will probably see a new Russian aircraft carrier until 2030.
      1. commander
        commander 19 September 2012 20: 44
        +1
        And then! But 2030 is too far away, but by the 20th it will be clear - do we need them, and most likely "need", but then
  2. altman
    altman 19 September 2012 09: 08
    +6
    Nothing new in the article .. the third frigate of project 22350 "Admiral Golovko" has already been laid down this year ..
    1. olifus
      olifus 19 September 2012 12: 04
      +1
      Quote: altman
      the third frigate of project 22350 "Admiral Golovko" has already been laid down this year ..

      exactly third serial will be mortgaged and with the head one there will already be four.
  3. TRex
    TRex 19 September 2012 09: 12
    +4
    Something about the navy is not very rosy, as it was issued earlier ... especially about surface ships. And where are the cruisers, where is the BDK? Just cut and sell on needles? Does the surface fleet turn into an artillery system, no more?
    It is unpleasant to see: "The attempt to put into service the fleet the submarine of the project 677" Lada "with air-independent engines so far has not been successful." ...

    "His grenades are of the wrong system ..." ??
    1. Armata
      Armata 19 September 2012 10: 08
      +2
      Quote: TRex
      And where are the cruisers, where is the BDK? Just cut and sell on needles? Does the surface fleet turn into an artillery system, no more?
      New fleet development strategy. Just which I do not understand.
      request And the fact that we have from a large surface only 1 BDK and 2 helicopter carriers does not bother anyone. Next time, we will sail on rafts to Syria. But the most annoying thing is that we and aircraft carriers have plans (only where are these plans?), Destroyers and cruisers in general, no one even remembers. We will conquer the ocean with corvettes and frigates.
      1. Alexey Prikazchikov
        Alexey Prikazchikov 19 September 2012 12: 25
        +2
        New fleet development strategy. Just which I do not understand.
        And the fact that we have from a large surface only 1 BDK and 2 helicopter carriers does not bother anyone. Next time, we will sail on rafts to Syria. But the most annoying thing is that we and aircraft carriers have plans (only where are these plans?), Destroyers and cruisers in general, no one even remembers. We will conquer the ocean with corvettes and frigates.


        The destroyers will be only after 2018, they are only developing the project, by the way the destroyer will be with a nuclear power plant. The cruisers will be after 2016, the news on them was that the order will be for 8 pieces, but they obviously will not build everything until 20. According to the aircraft carriers, first of all, they need infrastructure to make them, but for Kuzi we don’t even have dry docks. Plus, you need the shipable version of the t 50 to be ready. In general, there are many troubles ne5 everything is so simple.
        1. Armata
          Armata 19 September 2012 12: 54
          0
          Quote: Alexey Prikazchikov
          In general, there are many troubles ne5 everything is so simple.
          And here I agree. They kick us more than done. I know this firsthand.
          1. Alexey Prikazchikov
            Alexey Prikazchikov 19 September 2012 13: 06
            +2
            And here I agree. They kick us more than done. I know this firsthand.


            So in Russia we live.
    2. Alexey Prikazchikov
      Alexey Prikazchikov 19 September 2012 12: 22
      +2
      Something about the navy is not very rosy, as it was issued earlier ... especially about surface ships. And where are the cruisers, where is the BDK? Just cut and sell on needles? Does the surface fleet turn into an artillery system, no more?
      It is unpleasant to see: "The attempt to put into service the fleet the submarine of the project 677" Lada "with air-independent engines so far has not been successful." ...

      "Grenades on the wrong system ..." ??



      Cruisers will be in the form of restored Orlanes and uro. BDK is enough for now. Previously, the USSR had an army of ogogo, and the marines were also ogogo. And now, 2 brigades per fleet. Their principle is not so much necessary. And even without the technology of modular assembly that we receive from Mistral, we cruisers, even if we can do it, we will do them for 100 years and 1 year. You noticed how NATO ships quickly make ships of the 1st and 2nd rank, but these ships can serve up to 50 years with a competent approach. So they assembled them in 2-3 years, and the blasphemy modules at the shipyard connected everything and everything is there as a designer.
      1. TRex
        TRex 19 September 2012 12: 32
        0
        Alex, hi! You don’t follow the letter again!
        Unscramble about Orlanov and uro - what did you want to say.
        I’ll clarify by MP: one brigade per fleet. I definitely won’t say anything about TF - under the USSR there was a MP division there.
        1. Alexey Prikazchikov
          Alexey Prikazchikov 19 September 2012 13: 05
          +1
          Alex, hi! You don’t follow the letter again!
          Unscramble about Orlanov and uro - what I wanted to say.
          I’ll clarify by MP: one brigade per fleet. I definitely won’t say anything about TF - under the USSR there was a MP division there.


          Greetings brother. Sorry, I write on the tablet, at work I have to wait in my krsk for about 5 hours, I’m gray-haired right up to 7. I’ll come home and a letter will appear. Do you know Peter the Great? This is the cruiser of this project. It was infa that they would be re-opened and modernization would take place before 2035. There is a new project there will not be all at once just you understand what difficulties. It's not Urya screaming. Uro is an analogue of Amerov’s ticonderoges. Here was an article to mine in May. I’ll come look for home. Internet with a modem is working badly. And for the Marines, I'm sorry I thought I thought more of them, but it's a pity.
      2. Armata
        Armata 19 September 2012 12: 52
        +1
        Quote: Alexey Prikazchikov
        The destroyers will be only after 2018, they are only developing the project, by the way the destroyer will be with a nuclear power plant. The cruisers will be after 2016, the news on them was that the order will be for 8 pieces, but they obviously will not build everything until 20.
        And who exactly, which design bureau is developing them? Where does this information come from?
        1. Alexey Prikazchikov
          Alexey Prikazchikov 19 September 2012 13: 05
          +2
          And who exactly, which design bureau is developing them? Where does this information come from?


          Infa on military review was. I’ll come home and look for an article.
      3. Aleksys2
        Aleksys2 19 September 2012 14: 39
        +1
        Quote: Alexey Prikazchikov
        And even without the technology of modular assembly that we receive from Mistral, we cruisers, even if we can do it, we will do them for 100 years and 1 year.


        Purely for information:

        On December 26, 1978, immediately after the launch of the TAKR Novorossiysk, on the freed slipway “0” of the Black Sea Shipbuilding Plant, a new ship was laid down, which received serial number S-104. “Baku” was built under the amended project 1134.4. The entire hull of the ship during construction was divided into 10 areas, work began with the first (mortgage) area, which included the "heart" of the ship - the engine room, and then went simultaneously in several directions - in the bow and stern, as well as up. Assembly was carried out from prefabricated sections, the mass of which did not exceed 150 tons. Simultaneously with the construction of the cruiser, the reconstruction of the slipway complex itself was carried out (in preparation for the construction of the TAKR project 1143.5) - three gantry cranes (with a lifting capacity of 80 tons each) were installed, as well as two large gantry cranes of the Finnish company Konecranes (with a lifting capacity of 900 tons each working together can lift blocks weighing up to 1400 tons). The first time new cranes were used in October 1981 - with their help, a superstructure weighing 1000 tons assembled on a prefab platform was installed on the cruiser. In February 1982, cranes were used to mount sponson blocks. The ship was launched on March 31, 1982 (launch weight of about 19000 tons), after which Baku was completed at the factory wall. Due to constant disruptions in the supply of new equipment, as well as changes made to the project during construction, the completion of the ship was delayed. TAKR started to mooring tests only on June 2, 1986. On September 23, the crew settled on the cruiser, on December 1, mooring tests were completed, and on December 4 the ship went to Sevastopol (docking at the Sevmorzavod from December 7 to 22)
        1. Armata
          Armata 19 September 2012 16: 22
          +1
          Quote: Aleksys2
          Purely for information:
          And what is left of them? You +, but it has long been forgotten and left in Ukraine. Do you think the documentation will be returned to us? Or has it not been sold?
          1. Aleksys2
            Aleksys2 19 September 2012 17: 22
            +1
            I’m just saying that this technology is not new for us. And for its revival it was not necessary to buy 4 Mistral. IMHO.
            1. Armata
              Armata 19 September 2012 22: 18
              +1
              Quote: Aleksys2
              And for her revival it was not necessary to buy 4 Mistral
              Wow. We don’t need them.
              Quote: Aleksys2
              I’m just saying that this technology is not new for us.

              Well, what happened before, unfortunately, we must start from 0. crying
          2. bamboo
            bamboo 21 September 2012 18: 53
            0
            Duc sold, do not go to mom)))
            they sell everything, entrepreneurs ...))) lol
      4. Civil
        Civil 19 September 2012 15: 27
        +1
        it’s necessary to build anyway ... anyway, this will lay the foundation for an already more modern fleet of the future
      5. not good
        not good 19 September 2012 22: 14
        +1
        Lazarev (former Frunze) is planned to be disposed of, but Ushakov (former Kirov) is also not decided. In 2013, only Nakhimov's repair (former Kalinin) is planned
  4. GOGY
    GOGY 19 September 2012 09: 24
    +2
    Soon the boats will be called admirals, they’ll come ... We have a guide ... of the wrong system
    1. snowball
      snowball 15 October 2012 13: 52
      0
      That's for sure:)
  5. Sasha 19871987
    Sasha 19871987 19 September 2012 09: 31
    +1
    the most important thing is the creation of personnel, because only pensioners in the literal sense of the word work in this industry ...
    1. Armata
      Armata 19 September 2012 10: 01
      0
      Quote: sasha 19871987
      because only pensioners in the literal sense of the word work in this industry.
      This is not entirely true. Now many young people are attracted. There is only a problem with when real experts will come out of them.
  6. karate
    karate 19 September 2012 09: 37
    0
    As always, everything is stolen and they’ll not build horseradish. Now they will build a cutter with a crew of 10 people, and a new warship will be launched. While we are in power, there will be no fleet, neither military nor civilian.
  7. geptilshik
    geptilshik 19 September 2012 09: 44
    +1
    It’s certainly good that they give the warriors and they will build icebreakers (after all, large mineral reserves are there), but what about the usual small fleet, again, Bulgaria will sail
  8. Grin
    Grin 19 September 2012 10: 06
    0
    At the same time, as an additional factor in a significant increase in prices for the mass production of new submarines in comparison with lead boats, there was also widespread use in their construction of metal structures from other nuclear submarines, the construction of which was “frozen” in the early 1990s.

    And it seems to me that this should reduce the cost of production, is not it?
    1. lelikas
      lelikas 19 September 2012 13: 06
      +1
      Cheaper to order and cut new metal. Unfinished hulls dangled near the pier or stood outside the shops, they need to be cleaned, cut, cut something, and a lot of all sorts of "bonuses".
  9. Trailer
    Trailer 19 September 2012 10: 08
    +4
    The Chinese won the aircraft carrier test and prepare for commissioning. We are small artillery boats ... it pleases ... the Chinese.
  10. anfreezer
    anfreezer 19 September 2012 10: 29
    +1
    "in total, it is planned to build 2020 auxiliary ships for the fleet by 96"... So build, who is against "?! Only, for God's sake, do it so that by this time there would be someone and what to" help "!
    1. not good
      not good 19 September 2012 22: 18
      0
      Tugs are the main striking force of the fleet, any aircraft carrier will be towed for scrapping. wassat
  11. skiff-xnumx
    skiff-xnumx 19 September 2012 10: 42
    +3
    I read to the words
    At the same time, it is planned to implement a program for the construction of ships of the ocean zone - “corvettes” and “frigates”.
    and turned over. When this corvette became the ship of the ocean zone. Well, the frigate hasn’t gone yet under the condition of replenishment, but a corvette.
    The article is not about anything, the author does not understand the classification of marine vessels and transferred it from empty to empty. Minus
    1. Alexander K.
      Alexander K. 19 September 2012 21: 51
      +1
      Yes, there are too many inaccuracies.
      "The attempt to put into service the fleet of the Project 677 Lada submarine with air-independent engines has not yet been successful."
      As if someone was trying! On Lada, for now, it's quite an air-dependent engine. VNEU from Rubin only in plans.
      Well, some "Severnye Verf" instead of "Severnaya Verf" hurts the eye.
      1. not good
        not good 19 September 2012 22: 22
        0
        In the days of the USSR, any warship, if you project the current definition, was a ship of the ocean zone. The transgliders on the BS regularly went to the Persian Gulf, and the RTOs to Africa.
  12. Auchan
    Auchan 19 September 2012 11: 45
    0
    Prospects and future of the Russian fleet

    There are no prospects and no future if the small frigate "Gorshkov" takes 7 years to build and the end of this construction is not in sight
    1. not good
      not good 19 September 2012 22: 26
      +2
      YOU ARE NOT RIGHT. Gorshkov didn’t build, but told everyone how it was built. Now financing has begun, they have begun to swing slowly and if financing is stable, then the deadlines will be pulled up to the global ones. The main thing is political will, and the funds were found, with the availability of public defense and stable financing everything will be fine. Dashing trouble began.
      1. alex86
        alex86 21 September 2012 22: 17
        0
        Yes, everything would be fine, but our tradition has become entrenched - to roll back half of the funding to your pocket IMMEDIATELY - and you can't build anything on the rest, so there are doubts - but will they build at least something? What Zhvanetsky said - do not steal from a loss, steal from a profit (emphasis on "e"), and ours will not understand that what you want to steal should be taken AFTER the project is implemented, they take DO and the project is not implemented - they are lumpen, and no one else, I have a master at a construction site without education, a courtyard punks, he thinks so, but these, it seems, at least formally with education should be ... It's sad, girls ...
  13. altman
    altman 20 September 2012 13: 30
    0
    The fourth frigate of Project 11356m will be named "Admiral Butakov"
  14. aleks
    aleks 5 October 2012 12: 21
    0
    And 5 will be called GVMSh --- at a price probably comparable.