Military Review

New tactics, weapons and equipment at the Zapad-2021 exercise

35

Tanks at the Mulino training ground


On September 10, a joint strategic exercise (SSU) “West-2021” started, during which Russia and other countries work out the interaction of armies in different situations. One of the tasks of the maneuvers is to test in practice the already known and new tactical techniques and elements of combat training, carried out using old and well-mastered, as well as newly received materiel. Several episodes of this kind took place in the early days of the exercise.

Landing issues


In the scenario "West-2021" a large role is allocated to the airborne troops - Russian and foreign units. In the early days of the Airborne Forces, they held several important events, during which they confirmed the calculated capabilities of their materiel, and also showed high combat effectiveness.


Preparation of BMD-4M for loading and landing

At the start of the exercise, the first in stories mass airborne assault using BMD-4M combat vehicles. 15 military transport aircraft Il-76MD took off from the Dyagilevo airfield (Ryazan region), on board of which there were more than 30 airborne armored vehicles, their crews and troops. The airborne battalion was dropped over the Zhitovo landing site. Soldiers and equipment successfully landed and began to solve a combat training mission.

On September 11, at the Brestsky training ground in Belarus, an equally interesting episode took place, also showing the modern capabilities of the Airborne Forces. In the dark, 90 reconnaissance paratroopers of the Russian Airborne Forces special forces landed at the training ground. They jumped from a height of 1,5 km using modern wing parachutes and night vision devices. Following them, 80 soldiers of the Belarusian and Kazakh armies landed in a given area. Together, the paratroopers of the three countries conducted reconnaissance and sabotage at the objects of the conditional enemy.


Landing of troops at night

On the same night, a similar episode took place at the Kislovo landing site (Pskov region). Aerial reconnaissance was carried out, after which artillery and aviation struck at the identified targets, preparing the landing site. Then 600 paratroopers with 9 units. technicians landed, captured the enemy's airfield and went to the nearest training ground to perform the following tasks.

Thus, already in the first days of the Zapad-2021 SSU, our Airborne Forces confirmed their skills in using modern armored vehicles and airborne equipment, and also showed the ability to operate in any difficult conditions. Accordingly, the enemy will have to wait for a blow in the rear even at night.


UAV "Forpost-R" uses a guided bomb

Fire carousel


In recent teachings, the so-called. fire carousels. Such tactics have been known since the Great Patriotic War, and during the Syrian operation they were developed and confirmed their relevance. Within the framework of Zapad-2021, fire carousels are actively used by both ground forces and army aviation.

So, on September 12, an episode with the participation of 30 tanks and self-propelled gun mounts took place at the Luzhsky training ground (Leningrad region), which were entrusted with the fire defeat of a simulated enemy. They used modern tactics such as "reconnaissance tank", "nomadic tank" and "tank carousel". In the latter case, combat vehicles alternately moved to a firing position and fired at enemy positions. After the ammunition was used up, the tank retreated and gave way to another vehicle.


The technique called "helicopter carousel" was worked out with the use of Mi-24 and Mi-35 combat helicopters. In particular, it was shown to Belarusian colleagues at the Obuz-Lesnovsky training ground (Belarus). To cover the ground grouping, the helicopters lined up in a circle and alternately launched strikes using guided and unguided missile weapons, as well as barrel systems.

Practice shows that in the course of a modern conflict, there may be a need not for a powerful, but for a long-term fire effect on the enemy's defense. T.N. fire carousels provide the necessary indicators of damage and duration of exposure. Within the framework of West-2021, our army has shown both the potential of such techniques and its ability to use them competently.

New designs


The Zapad-2021 exercises are actively using the latest weapons and equipment. Some of them, already known to experts and the public, have demonstrated new capabilities for solving combat missions. It is curious that the main novelties relate to the unmanned direction.


Since September 11, at the Mulino training ground (Nizhny Novgorod region), various robotic systems have been actively used along with the standard armored vehicles of the ground forces. In different episodes of the exercises, the vehicles "Platform-M", "Nerekhta" and "Uran-9" in an updated configuration take part. Working autonomously and with remote control, this technique carried out reconnaissance and fired at the enemy.

Currently, the Russian army is mastering the Forpost-R heavy UAV, a localized version of the imported vehicle. During Zapad-2021, this car showed new capabilities. On September 11, such a drone used light guided bombs against a ground target.


In parallel with the use of UAVs and RTKs, practical measures are being taken at different sites of the SSU to combat such equipment of a simulated enemy. Air defense crews and other units are learning to detect unmanned vehicles, counter them, suppress or destroy them.

Unmanned and robotic systems are of great importance for the modern army, and this direction is actively developing in our country. Systems of new classrooms are being created, which are then tested in exercises and in real operations. The Zapad-2021 training grounds have become another platform for testing modern RTKs and UAVs. It is obvious that the experience of these maneuvers will be used and will positively affect the development of technology in the future.

Checks and tests


The main purpose of the joint strategic exercises "West-2021" is to work out the interaction of the armies of several countries in solving common problems. In addition, the skills and abilities of personnel, from privates to command, are tested. The effective implementation of such plans is facilitated by the scale of the maneuvers: approx. 200 thousand people, approx. 850 units equipment, 15 ships, etc .; training battles take place at 15 land and sea ranges.


At the same time, international exercises turn out to be the most convenient platform for testing and improving already known or newly created tactical techniques. You can also test new models of equipment on them. New developments and tactics are tested in conditions as close as possible to combat, which has a positive effect on its results.

The results of the Zapad-2021 exercise will be analyzed for some time. Based on the results of this, the development of methods for improving tactics and technology will begin - and at the next major exercises they will again be tested in real conditions. What changes will be based on the results of the current maneuvers is unknown. But it is obvious that they are of particular importance not only for the processes of combat training, but also in the context of the further development of the army.
Author:
Photos used:
Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation
35 comments
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  1. Ross xnumx
    Ross xnumx 15 September 2021 04: 33
    +4
    I never saw a night landing and a tank carousel.
    The main thing in the teachings is
    international exercises turn out to be the most convenient platform for testing and improving already known or newly created tactics.

    Let the "debriefing" be conducted by the commanders of the direct participants.
    1. Finches
      Finches 15 September 2021 06: 26
      +6
      The tank "fiery" carousel was used during the storming of Grozny back in the first Chechen ...
  2. Vladimir_2U
    Vladimir_2U 15 September 2021 04: 36
    +6
    Of the new products, I see night airborne assault with night vision devices, the use of shock UAVs and ground robotic platforms, which is a lot, the rest was used in one way or another either in exercises or in battle.
    1. riwas
      riwas 15 September 2021 05: 48
      +2
      use of shock UAVs

      We still have enough problems with this.
      A new line of domestic drones was used for the first time at the Zapad-2021 exercise. Among them are the unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) "pacer", "Orlan-10", "Outpost". Earlier it became known that the Russian Ministry of Defense plans to equip Orion drones with a light multipurpose guided missile.

      But:
      So far, we have not seen a single Russian unmanned system in battle, only their use in exercises and at training grounds in Syria. The fact that Russia still does not have a significant number of UAVs in its troops is an absolutely unacceptable situation "
      “It used to be difficult to develop ammunition because it was not clear what kind of drones would be. At the moment, ammunition manufacturers have ideas about drones, about their tactical capabilities, respectively, ammunition is being created

      https://www.gazeta.ru/army/2021/09/14/13984700.shtml
  3. riwas
    riwas 15 September 2021 06: 13
    +4
    Here's another photo. the use of corrected aviation bombs KAB-20S by the Russian UAV "Forpost-R" within the framework of the SSU "West-2021".
    1. aszzz888
      aszzz888 15 September 2021 06: 49
      +2

      riwas
      Today, 06: 13
      NEW
      +1
      Here's another photo. the use of corrected aviation bombs KAB-20S by the Russian UAV "Forpost-R" within the framework of the SSU "West-2021".
      Excuse me, is this not the same photo as in the article? request Even the camera fixing the location of the blades converge.
    2. OgnennyiKotik
      OgnennyiKotik 15 September 2021 07: 29
      +5
      Application video
      1. Intruder
        Intruder 15 September 2021 15: 52
        0
        Application video
        Well, it will do for a terry civilian man in the street, and only, where is the struck target on the land of the landfill, exactly how other manufacturers shoot and spread it ??? And at least a few shots, banal and simple, from objective control of the execution of a combat mission from the side of the "Outpost-U" itself! ??? And the CABs, they began to "put" "beautifully", with a new OLS (then it was simply called: a laser-television system in the late 80s) in the nose of the MIG-27, great in Afghanistan, right on the heads of bearded followers .., the very one banned in the Russian Federation!
        By the fall of 1988, both regiments of the 24th ADIB had the latest MiG-27 models: the 129th was equipped with the MiG-27M and MiG-27D, the latter being modified from the previous regimental MiG-27s of 1982-1984. release. Despite the difference in names, the MiG-27D were similar to the MiG-27M aircraft: the aircraft of the first series (ed. 32-25) were brought to the level of "emoks" at the aircraft plant in Irkutsk. They received an elongated nose with a new PRNK-23M, a Klen-PM laser sighting system instead of the Fon, which served only for measuring range, as well as a developed wing inflow, which improved the aircraft's behavior at high angles of attack, and turbulators on the keel, which increased efficiency. rudder, which was equipped with a pair of hydraulic dampers. As part of the RSBN-6S equipment, it was replaced by the A-321 Klystron, the RSDN was installed, new radio altimeters A-031, a reserve heading vertical, and the cabin equipment was changed, the most important difference of which was a telemonitor for guiding missiles with TV GN. After modernization, the MiG-27D, which received the name of ed. 32-29, could carry an expanded composition of weapons, including the Kh-25, Kh-27PS, Kh-29L and Kh-29T guided missiles. Outwardly, the MiG-27D differed from the "original" MiG-27M in small details (in particular, there was no radome on the keel for the antenna of the additional KB radio station R-864, which turned out to be unreliable in operation), but it carried a characteristic "birthmark" in color. At that time, the Irkutsk aircraft plant was producing a series of MiG-23UB, and to conceal the exact number of combat MiG-27s that had undergone modernization, a catchy image of the second cockpit was applied on the behind-the-cock compartment with light gray paint, designed to resemble the "twin" aircraft. Along the way, the impression was created that the plant produces only MiG-23UB. It is not known whether such a camouflage of the characteristic predatory profile of a fighter-bomber misled anyone, but the conspicuous "second cockpit" served as a sure sign of the MiG-27D to the knowledgeable eye. By the fall of the 129th APIB, 16 MiG-27M and D from the Belarusian Postavs were also replenished, where the regiment transferred to the assault aviation mastered the Su-25. The 134th APIB in Zhangiztobe (called "Zhangiz" for short) in the north of Kazakhstan, in addition to the MiG-27M and D, had one Kair squadron - the MiG-27K (ed. 32-26) - the most advanced machines of this type, nicknamed by the name of the sighting complex "Kaira". This laser-television system, coupled with the PrNK-23K, provided the use of new types of guided weapons, including corrected bombs, the guidance of which was carried out even when the aircraft was performing complex types of maneuvers.
  4. Ros 56
    Ros 56 15 September 2021 06: 51
    +4
    Teachings, this is good, there will be less confusion in real business and ..... let the enemy be afraid. Who registered us as enemies there?
    1. Intruder
      Intruder 15 September 2021 16: 08
      0
      Who registered us as enemies there?
      Half of NATO, surprisingly in Western Europe !? wink
      1. Ros 56
        Ros 56 15 September 2021 18: 26
        +1
        So let them be afraid, all these clowns will scatter as soon as they hear that the Russians are coming.
        1. Kedrovich
          Kedrovich 16 September 2021 17: 47
          0
          The joke is that the Westerners themselves are so frightening of their own with the "Russian" threat that it certainly does not add confidence to the fighters.
  5. Detnix
    Detnix 15 September 2021 08: 55
    +3
    Landing issues

    Nice, expensive, useless in a real battle, taking into account the development of air defense systems.))
    1. Bez 310
      Bez 310 15 September 2021 10: 32
      -1
      Quote: Detnix
      useless in real combat, taking into account the development of air defense systems.))

      Now we are talking about "giving the Airborne Forces a new look," then
      yes, about parachute-free landing from helicopters.
      1. Detnix
        Detnix 15 September 2021 13: 29
        +1
        Do not believe it, de facto it was given to them in this way for a long time.)))
        1. Bez 310
          Bez 310 15 September 2021 13: 42
          -2
          Quote: Detnix
          Do not believe it, de facto it was given to them in this way for a long time.)))

          Have you talked about this to the "best" MO?
          And then he still does not know:
          https://rg.ru/2021/08/28/shojgu-vdv-poluchit-novyj-oblik-vojskam-ponadobitsia-mnogo-vertoletov.html
          1. Detnix
            Detnix 16 September 2021 11: 13
            0
            I try not to communicate with ..., it spoils karma a lot.)
    2. alexvmar
      alexvmar 15 September 2021 13: 23
      +1
      By the time of the landing, usually among the normal, the air defense is considered already suppressed.
      1. Intruder
        Intruder 15 September 2021 16: 10
        +1
        Air defense is considered already suppressed.
        More precisely, incapacitated in the landing zone, if memory serves, and so it is necessary to read the Combat Regulations again before going to bed !? hi
  6. Bez 310
    Bez 310 15 September 2021 10: 29
    +1
    We must correctly understand the meaning of all these "teachings" -
    this is a military performance with predetermined goals,
    it is a test of troop capabilities, but not combat readiness.
    I don't even know which test is the one right now
    real check of combat readiness, according to the results
    which you can draw conclusions about the state of the troops.
    In Soviet times, the most realistic test of troops
    was the GMMO check. Based on its results,
    tough conclusions, up to the removal of those
    unit commanders who did not cope with their
    responsibilities.
  7. Darkesstcat
    Darkesstcat 15 September 2021 11: 43
    0
    Quote: Bez 310
    We must correctly understand the meaning of all these "teachings" -
    this is a military performance with predetermined goals,
    it is a test of troop capabilities, but not combat readiness.
    I don't even know which test is the one right now
    real check of combat readiness, according to the results
    which you can draw conclusions about the state of the troops.
    In Soviet times, the most realistic test of troops
    was the GMMO check. Based on its results,
    tough conclusions, up to the removal of those
    unit commanders who did not cope with their
    responsibilities.

    And what kind of GMMO check?
    1. Detnix
      Detnix 15 September 2021 13: 36
      0
      Probably GIMO - the institute of chief advisers of the Ministry of Defense
    2. Bez 310
      Bez 310 15 September 2021 13: 46
      0
      Quote: Darkesstcat
      GMMO?

      Main Inspectorate of the Ministry of Defense.
      I could tell you how the GMMO test took place
      our Naval Missile Aviation Division
      (MRAD), but a lot of space is needed, I don't know where it would be
      could be placed.
      A very interesting "adventure" in my military
      service, there is something to remember, 2 regiments flew, more
      50 aircraft Tu-22m2 and Tu-16.
      1. Darkesstcat
        Darkesstcat 16 September 2021 06: 34
        0
        It would be interesting to listen, otherwise the Internet is stingy with details.
    3. Gvardeetz77
      Gvardeetz77 15 September 2021 13: 53
      0
      This refers to the Military Inspection of the Ministry of Defense. I don’t know how in Soviet times, but in Russia many lieutenant generals, not to mention the general majors in front of the colonels from this inspectorate, went down like port ladies with low social responsibility.
  8. Wildcat
    Wildcat 15 September 2021 13: 07
    +1
    "... about 200 thousand people are involved in them, about 850 units of equipment, 15 ships, etc." - once again to prove to everyone that we have a strong army. Especially against the backdrop of the cunning plans of "30 battalions, 30 squadrons" and "only 30" in Europe.
    This is a strong bargaining chip for any discussion. True, the USSR did not manage to debate for a long time, but wait and see.
    1. max702
      max702 15 September 2021 13: 55
      0
      The USSR dragged 14 weights to the bottom and Barbudos "allies" with cannibals all over the world, while Russia has only one weight left and that seems to be making it much easier .. So let's hold on ..
      1. Wildcat
        Wildcat 15 September 2021 14: 15
        +1
        The USSR was dragged to the bottom not by 14 union republics, but by a complete collapse (economic, political, military), when buying toilet paper became a success, when going to a store in another city, a person could be sent (non-local), but about "friendship of peoples" and crime better not to remember.

        Let's hold out about it.
        Now with toilet paper it is better, with the friendship of peoples, too, and crime (street and domestic, of course) is lower, if not strange. It is possible to argue about the quantity / quality of weights, but this is insignificant.

        Military measures are not very problematic for us (for now), especially since they collect ("agryat") "passionaries" (for example, at least the legendary Fighting Cat Murz. In Moscow, it happened ... everything happened. And now sits and glues quadrics ... far from Moscow).
        It has already become a catch phrase that in one place "only 200 writers of alternative reality died". That's quiet in the Russian Federation, only sometimes in the sky shkolota flashlights shine.

        Most of all I am afraid of "anti-Moscow" sentiments in the regions. I saw this only under the sunset of the USSR. Not sure if this will end well.
        1. max702
          max702 15 September 2021 15: 13
          0
          And the complete economic collapse not from feeding 14 weights happened? Didn't they finish off the economy with screams we want to eat! And Barbudos with the cannibals and the co-workers from the CMEA agreed with them, yes, and we also want to! Isn't that why the USSR was buzzing? Somehow, the RSFSR got bored with all this shobla ... there you have listed the success of the noneshnye dykvot they did not come from scratch, but as a result of the lack of costs for some helluva lot of frail and hungry ..
    2. Bez 310
      Bez 310 15 September 2021 13: 59
      -3
      Quote: Wildcat
      we have a strong army

      Quote: Wildcat
      against the backdrop of cunning plans "30 battalions ...

      Here's the thing ... Our army is not that strong,
      and she shows her strength more and more in parades, yeah
      in the media.
      And now about the battalions. Remember such informal
      units as a "battalion tactical group" in
      our "strong" Army, find out why they appeared, and
      how are things with them now, why did we suddenly stop
      fight with regiments.
      1. Gvardeetz77
        Gvardeetz77 15 September 2021 14: 22
        +2
        Such exercises are especially interesting during a one-year service. What can be shown by the part on the SSU, 40 percent completed by the call this Spring of this year? Potemkin villages? :)
        Parades are a separate topic, half of the Armed Forces (not only in Moscow are held) for two months is engaged in shagistics, which is very necessary in wars, the period of building a square. This is akin to the battle for the harvest of the 60s-80s, when the gap between l / s and technology was 3-4 months a year ...
        Parades are needed, the memory of victories must be preserved, but when they can bring defeat instead of victories in the future, the format can be changed ...
        1. Bez 310
          Bez 310 15 September 2021 14: 32
          -2
          Quote: Gvardeetz77
          What can be shown by the part on the SSU, 40 percent completed by the call this Spring of this year? Potemkin villages? :)

          Yes, you have almost come to the solution to the appearance
          "battalion tactical groups".
          Yes, we have "Potemkin" units, huge problems
          with recruiting and training.
          You can read the expert's opinion here:
          https://svpressa.ru/war21/article/301181/
          1. Gvardeetz77
            Gvardeetz77 15 September 2021 15: 19
            +1
            Yes, you have almost come to the solution to the appearance
            "battalion tactical groups".]
            Well, I (I think many from the forum too) had to serve in the BTGr, "the sign of the regiment flies proudly on the map, there are three hundred people on the list" (well, not three hundred, but 450, but the type of rhyme turns out, it does not change the essence) :)
        2. Intruder
          Intruder 15 September 2021 16: 15
          -1
          but when they can bring defeat instead of victories in the future, then the format can be changed ...
          Liberal gentlemen, then in a single impulse they will numb all European politicians wherever it has been - so that in the European part of the Russian Federation, parades will be exchanged for military exercises of groups of RA troops !?
      2. Wildcat
        Wildcat 15 September 2021 15: 26
        -1
        In something strong, for example, about BTG, there is an opinion that we can actually put them on the order of 130 and 30-40 right now, right on ETVD.

        Somewhat weak, some BT samples do not quite correspond to realities, to put it mildly, and a lot of things are missing. And in connection with the sanctions it will not be better.

        This raises a question, especially in connection with some reviews about the inevitability / extreme likelihood of military conflicts in the mid-20s of the 21st century: “We are now strong, but we will continue to weaken, and the enemy is still weak, but will continue to be stronger. When to fight? "