Military Review

Sanitary problems of the Ukrainian army: "Bogdan-2251"

34

One of the first cars "Bogdan-2251" at the manufacturing plant, 2017. Photo "Bogdan"


In 2016, the Ukrainian Armed Forces launched a program to renew the vehicle fleet of their medical service. At that time, Soviet-made cars were used as ambulances, and it was planned to replace them with modern cars "Bogdan-2251" of our own design. For several years, a large number of such machines have been purchased, but their operation has encountered a lot of problems.

Modern replacement


Until recently, the main sanitary transport of the Armed Forces of Ukraine remained the vans of the Ulyanovsk Automobile Plant, produced in the days of the USSR. Such a technique managed to develop a resource, and its further operation turned out to be unprofitable and inexpedient. A replacement was required in the form of a modern machine that fully meets the current requirements.

In 2016, the Bogdan corporation presented a project of the Bogdan-2251 ambulance vehicle, developed on the basis of an existing platform with the use of modern target equipment. It was argued that the project was developed with the participation of specialists from the Ministry of Defense and takes into account the experience of military doctors on the front line.

In the autumn of the same year, the car went through all the necessary procedures and was recommended for serial production. The assembly of the equipment was launched in November. It was reported that the development organization can quickly deploy the mass production of new equipment. The first batch of 60 vehicles was promised to be delivered by the beginning of 2017, and 2018 units were expected to be delivered by the beginning of 130.


The interior of the medical module. Photo "Bogdan"

Chinese-Ukrainian product


The Bogdan-2251 ambulance was built on the basis of a Chinese-made Great Wall Wingle 5 two-axle all-wheel drive chassis. Such machines were purchased in China and delivered to the Bogdana plant in Cherkassy, ​​where the final assembly was carried out. It was argued that the chassis is being finalized and reinforced, after which it receives a van with targeted equipment. The van is quick-detachable and can be dismantled for replacement or installation on another chassis.

Wingle 5 is originally a frame pickup truck with two or one row cab. The second option was used in the Ukrainian project. The cab and engine compartment remain standard and do not receive additional protection. The car is equipped with a turbocharged diesel engine Great Wall 4D20 with a capacity of 143 hp. and a six-speed manual transmission. There is a transfer case with front-wheel drive plug-in.

A large van for medics and the wounded is mounted on the back of the frame; it has a simple rectangular shape and has a front compartment overhanging the cab. The van is made of aluminum sandwich panels and has thermal insulation. Access inside is provided through a door on the starboard side and through the stern. The medical module is equipped with a filtration unit and a heater. Both cabins received voice communication.

Inside the van there are several places for the wounded and orderlies. There are stretcher mounts on the right and left side of the walls: two are installed on the left and one on the right. Beneath them are boxes for property, which can also accommodate seated wounded. Two more seats are placed against the front wall of the van. "Bogdan-2251" can carry up to three bedridden or up to seven sedentary wounded, as well as a medic.


The first batch of production vehicles, April 2017 Photo Ukrmilitary.com

The car carries a stock of medical supplies and medicines. There are mounts for droppers and other equipment for providing first aid and maintaining the patient's condition until delivery to a medical facility. The composition of the equipment is determined by the customer in accordance with his needs and capabilities.

The length of the vehicle with the new equipment reaches 5,5 m, the height has increased to 2,5 m. The total weight is 3,72 tons, of which 600 kg are for the medical module. A significant part of the carrying capacity of the chassis was spent on this product, which is why the "Bogdan-2251" can only carry 375 kg of payload. The car's crew includes three people, including two medics.

Production problems


The first batch of new ambulances was expected at the end of 2016, but these plans could not be fulfilled. The first machines were handed over in April 2017. In the following months, the customer received another 90 machines, but only half of the delivered equipment reached actual operation. The technique was used "in the rear" and in the zone of the so-called. anti-terrorist operation. During several months of such operation, 25 machines had to be sent for repair.

In early 2018, it was announced that Bogdany-2251 in its current configuration has a number of serious problems. The main reason for the repair was damage to the engine and fuel system. The investigation showed that the personnel are careless about the equipment and are not familiar with the operating instructions. As a result, water and mechanical particles got into the tanks of cars along with diesel fuel.

Operators noted excessive swaying of the vehicle while driving. In some circumstances, this not only impaired ride comfort, but also threatened the health and life of the wounded being transported.


Cabin interior. Photo Ukrmilitary.com

The economic aspect of the project should be noted separately. The Wingle 5 chassis is known to cost less than $ 8,7. The cost of the finished "Bogdan-2251" for the Armed Forces of Ukraine, in recalculation, exceeds 30 thousand. Whether such a surcharge for a medical module is justified is unknown. Probably, this price includes a corruption “markup”.

New flaws


At the beginning of 2018, a list of necessary modifications to the structure of fifty points was prepared. The working group found that most of these problems can be eliminated through proper operation. The remaining 20 requirements were taken into account when finalizing the project. In particular, a new fuel filter with a drain was provided. After finalizing the project, production was resumed, and in June the first batch of new production machines was sent to the customer.

During 2018, the Armed Forces of Ukraine received 101 ambulances of a modified design. The following year, another 149 units were handed over to the customer. Thus, in 2017-19. 350 modern vehicles appeared in the medical units of the Ukrainian army, which made it possible to close their requirements. In addition, most of the obsolete equipment was replaced.

However, there was no reason for joy. Not so long ago, a document dated the beginning of March 2021 got into the public domain. According to it, by mid-February in the zone of the so-called. ATO out of order 28 ambulances. 26 units have various breakdowns of the fuel system, 1 needed engine repair, 1 more - repair of the cooling system. The reasons for such breakdowns remain the same and lie in the illiterate maintenance of equipment.


The medical compartment of the production car. Photo Ukrmilitary.com

Once again, recommendations of an operational nature were issued, designed to exclude the most frequent breakdowns. Whether they will help this time is a big question. In just a couple of years, "Bogdana-2251", despite the revision, twice faced the same problem. This leads to special thoughts and allows you to expect similar events in the future.

Car against the background of contemporaries


In general, the ambulance vehicle "Bogdan-2251" cannot be considered an unambiguous development. This pattern has pros and cons, and there are various additional factors that can be critical. Nevertheless, despite all the shortcomings and problems, the car was accepted for supply and was mass-produced.

The main advantage of "Bogdan-2251" is the very fact of its existence. The Armed Forces of Ukraine were able to replace obsolete vehicles with a depleted resource and get modern technology. The problem of lack of own production of the necessary platforms was solved by import. At the same time, the selected chassis shows sufficiently high technical and driving characteristics and generally meets the requirements.

At the same time, a significant load was placed on the Chinese chassis, due to which the carrying capacity was reduced to a minimum, and this deteriorates other characteristics. The van turned out to be too tall for confident behavior on the highway and off-road. Finally, the cost of the finished ambulance is too high compared to the price of the base chassis.

An obvious question arises: why not the most successful development reached production and ended up in the troops, and the identified shortcomings did not lead to its abandonment? The answer to it lies in the peculiarities of the modern Ukrainian approach to the supply of the army. The Bogdan Corporation had and still has a serious lobby capable of promoting its developments at all levels - despite their shortcomings, excessive prices, etc. This resulted in another large and profitable order for equipment for the army.


One of the first "Bogdanov-2251" at the parade, 2017. Photo Wikimedia Commons

It cannot be said that the armed forces lost from these processes. For the first time in several decades, they were able to renew their fleet of medical equipment and almost completely abandon old-fashioned machines. However, the price of this turned out to be too high, since “individuals” wished to receive their share of the army budget once again.

Sanitary Perspectives


Thus, the Ukrainian Armed Forces received 350 ambulance vehicles they needed on a modern base, but with some drawbacks. Due to its quantity, Bogdany-2251 will remain the main model of its class for a long time; their quick replacement is not possible. This means that the Ukrainian military and car manufacturers need to solve the problem of reliability and correct operation of equipment as soon as possible - otherwise it will not be able to fully solve its problems and justify excessive spending on purchases.

The specific situation with the ambulance in a known way affects the combat capability of the army. "Bogdany-2251" are intended for the evacuation of the wounded from the front line, and their breakdowns threaten the health and lives of soldiers. In particular, this means that any attempt to arrange large-scale battles in the Donbas will lead to an increase in losses: not only due to bullets and shrapnel, but also due to a lack of assistance. The military and political leadership of Ukraine should take such risks into account. Of course, if it takes care and pity for its own soldiers.
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  1. SaLaR
    SaLaR 19 May 2021 18: 09
    +4
    That they were always loaded ...
    1. Egoza
      Egoza 19 May 2021 18: 15
      0
      Quote: SaLaR
      then they would always be loaded.

      A nurse is running across the field, call Odarka ...
      1. Anachoret
        Anachoret 19 May 2021 18: 28
        0
        Quote: Egoza
        A nurse is running across the field, call Odarka ...

        The nurse is lying in the ditch, call him Bogdanka)
    2. Narak-zempo
      Narak-zempo 20 May 2021 09: 04
      +1
      Quote: SaLaR
      That they were always loaded ...

      A refrigerated wagon is better as a corpse vehicle. Although it is possible and simple - they will not have time to rot if they quickly take it to the pit.
    3. Oleg Shlyapin
      Oleg Shlyapin 22 May 2021 00: 03
      -1
      And let me wish that your children would be killed more often in your school?
  2. Ros 56
    Ros 56 19 May 2021 18: 15
    +3
    They have only one sanitary problem - a complete lack of brains. And both the military and the politicians. Everything else is solvable.
  3. wow
    wow 19 May 2021 18: 21
    0
    There is even nothing to comment on - I saw, and more than once, these hearses in ditches with wheels upside down ...! That's where they go!
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. Andrei Nikolaevich
      Andrei Nikolaevich 23 May 2021 06: 50
      +1
      Of course, the machine has several disadvantages. Firstly, there is no LCD monitor for broadcasting to the wounded, patriotic clips. There are no speakers for the sound of the national anthem of Ukraine. Secondly, for the injured, there is no karaoke system, thanks to which the soldier, together with the medical staff immediately at the time of transportation to the hospital, could sing their favorite song "you fooled me." vehicle weight. In the future, it is necessary to install a mobile mini-crematorium and a number of other technical innovations. The very same medical care can be provided directly in the hospital, if necessary. Otherwise, a great car.
  4. Anachoret
    Anachoret 19 May 2021 18: 26
    -1
    The economic side of the project should be noted separately. The Wingle 5 chassis is known to cost less than $ 8,7. The cost of the finished "Bogdan-2251" for the Armed Forces of Ukraine, in recalculation, exceeds 30 thousand. Whether such a surcharge for a medical module is justified is unknown. Probably, this price includes a corruption "markup". It is necessary to separately note the economic side of the project. The Wingle 5 chassis is known to cost less than $ 8,7. The cost of the finished "Bogdan-2251" for the Armed Forces of Ukraine, in recalculation, exceeds 30 thousand. It is not known whether such a surcharge for a medical module is justified. Probably, this price includes a corruption “markup”.

    There was no corruption under Poroshenko, ask Svinarchuk (Gladkovsky))))
  5. Cheerock
    Cheerock 19 May 2021 18: 35
    +7
    The economic aspect of the project should be noted separately. According to known data, the Wingle 5 chassis costs less than $ 8,7. The cost of the finished "Bogdan-2251" for the Armed Forces of Ukraine, in recalculation, exceeds 30 thousand. Whether such a surcharge for a medical module is justified is unknown.

    The new Wingle 7 in the Russian Federation is now on sale from 1,780,000 rubles. with a body. USD8700 - this was most likely the price at a factory in China without shipping, customs clearance, etc. A sleeping kung of a similar configuration for a UAZ patriot costs from 600,000 rubles. We add a set of goodrichs for 70,000 rubles, alterations to the suspension, a kengurin and a price of USD30,000 or 2,220,000 rubles. seems very, very modest considering the company's taxes and margins, because the business must be profitable, otherwise it is charity.
    Thus, in 2017-19. 350 modern vehicles appeared in the medical units of the Ukrainian army, which made it possible to close their requirements. In addition, most of the obsolete equipment was replaced.

    However, there was no reason for joy. Not so long ago, a document dated the beginning of March 2021 got into the public domain. According to it, by mid-February in the zone of the so-called. ATO out of order 28 ambulances. 26 units have various breakdowns of the fuel system, 1 needed engine repair, 1 more - repair of the cooling system. The reasons for such breakdowns remain the same and lie in the illiterate maintenance of equipment.

    As a result, the demand was closed, about 10% of cars were broken due to the hands of the drivers and burned diesel fuel. Quite a normal result with such initial values.
    It cannot be said that the armed forces lost from these processes. For the first time in several decades, they were able to renew their fleet of medical equipment and almost completely abandon old-fashioned machines.
    Yes!
    However, the price of this turned out to be too high, since “individuals” wished to receive their share of the army budget once again.
    Most likely they got it, but - very small, if you count everything in place. But in fact - they wanted a "nurse" for a minimal price - they got it for themselves and she even drives around and performs her functions. "Nurse" on the basis of highlax would have come out 2 times more expensive, and in the same way the injection pump would have been ruined with a "palette".
    1. LastPS
      LastPS 20 May 2021 17: 03
      +3
      When a comment is better than an article.
    2. Andrei Nikolaevich
      Andrei Nikolaevich 23 May 2021 06: 53
      +1
      That is, you want to say that the existence of the ATO has its positive aspects?
      1. Cheerock
        Cheerock 24 May 2021 11: 59
        0
        Quote: Andrey Nikolaevich
        That is, you want to say that the existence of the ATO has its positive aspects?

        Not. I want to say that the emphasis on theft in the supply of these machines is, IMHO, greatly exaggerated. With such a purchase price, it is unlikely that they can afford something more decent and high-quality not from second-hand.
  6. The leader of the Redskins
    The leader of the Redskins 19 May 2021 18: 35
    0
    This "miracle of the Chinese car industry" appeared in the Armed Forces of Ukraine, mainly due to the powerful lobbying of the then President Parashenko ... After all, the Bogdan plant is his patrimony.
    That is why the APUs are happy with a gift from the Baltic states - "Land Rover V", and even partially armored ...
  7. Revolver
    Revolver 19 May 2021 19: 35
    +1
    This is how losses move from the category of sanitary to the category of irrecoverable ones.
  8. Sam SeM
    Sam SeM 19 May 2021 22: 42
    +2
    SANITARY HERE
  9. TermNachTer
    TermNachTer 19 May 2021 23: 32
    +4
    The author, somehow very intricately expressed: "there is a lobby"))) in Ukraine everyone knows that during the period described, the owner of the "Bogdan" plant was President Parashenko. Hence the bullshit quality and high price. Like the mortar "hammer" and "armored boats" of the "Gyurza" type))) all from one song. On this type of war, individual hucksters have earned billions and not hohlobaks.
  10. Kot_Kuzya
    Kot_Kuzya 20 May 2021 06: 48
    +4
    Cattle truck for Bendery cattle. And it is desirable that all the cattle reach the infirmary dead wassat A good Nazi is a dead Nazi!
  11. Lynx2000
    Lynx2000 20 May 2021 08: 34
    +2
    To be honest, I did not know that the Great Wall Wingle 5 is equipped with a diesel internal combustion engine, it seems that only a gasoline internal combustion engine is installed on it.
    I heard that the Chinese copied Wingle from Izuzu D-Max. In addition, the Great Wall Wingle 5 refers to mid-size SUVs (pickups) like the HighLuxe, Navarra or L200.
    Where does such a total curb weight of over 3000 kg come from ?! The rear leaf springs should bend in the opposite direction ...
    Not a very good chassis for the army.
    1. Walking
      Walking 21 May 2021 12: 56
      0
      Ukraine was supplied like Hamera, of which an ambulance would be better.
      1. Lynx2000
        Lynx2000 21 May 2021 13: 20
        0
        There was a case, but if I am not mistaken a little. The HMMWV is not cheap to maintain.
      2. sso-xnumx
        sso-xnumx 21 May 2021 19: 14
        0
        No, some kind of English mnyu, taken from the House of Artists of origin at the end of the 70s of the last century.
  12. sgapich
    sgapich 20 May 2021 12: 00
    +3
    The car crew includes three people, including two doctors.

    "Bogdan-2251" can carry up to three bedridden or up to seven sedentary wounded

    because of what "Bogdan-2251" can only transport 375 kg Payload

    3 + = 7 10
    375 / 10 = 37,5
    Some "servicemen" they get very lightweight. wassat
    1. Walking
      Walking 21 May 2021 12: 53
      +1
      Quote: sgapich
      The car crew includes three people, including two doctors.

      "Bogdan-2251" can carry up to three bedridden or up to seven sedentary wounded

      because of what "Bogdan-2251" can only transport 375 kg Payload

      3 + = 7 10
      375 / 10 = 37,5
      Some "servicemen" they get very lightweight. wassat

      Incomplete wounded after the battle.
      1. Andrei Nikolaevich
        Andrei Nikolaevich 23 May 2021 06: 56
        0
        They will be given a repair kit in the hospital. (Prostheses, artificial eyes, testicles)
  13. Sancho_SP
    Sancho_SP 20 May 2021 12: 28
    +1
    And what is wrong there can be exploited in the fuel equipment? Diesel diesel fuel pouring?
    1. Xnumx vis
      Xnumx vis 20 May 2021 12: 38
      +1
      Quote: Sancho_SP
      And what is wrong there can be exploited in the fuel equipment? Diesel diesel fuel pouring?

      The classic says - "I diluted gasoline (diesel fuel) with donkey urine!" Donkeys in the Armed Forces of Ukraine are full ... So there is enough urine! laughing
      1. Sancho_SP
        Sancho_SP 20 May 2021 13: 00
        0
        And what are the recommendations then? Do not pour urine?))
        1. LastPS
          LastPS 20 May 2021 17: 02
          0
          In fact, the plant gives such recommendations.
    2. sso-xnumx
      sso-xnumx 21 May 2021 19: 17
      0
      And who will supply normal fuels and lubricants to ukrovermacht? It's wretched on you. sho we are not good! Normal diesel fuel for commerce, and sucks with water for the troops ...
  14. NF68
    NF68 20 May 2021 16: 18
    +1
    New flaws


    Are there really not enough straitjackets for all the horses?
  15. Nord11
    Nord11 20 May 2021 20: 43
    0
    Well, at least the sanitary "Bogdan" was lucky, which cannot be said about his namesake, the self-propelled gun "Bogdan" ..
  16. Andre
    Andre 22 May 2021 18: 53
    0
    Well, the machine is certainly strange. Ate to take out the wounded close to the battlefield, the target is simply remarkable in size. No one will be there to understand from afar. You need something like MTLB. Streamlined and protected. And Bogdan is just commerce like everything in this idiotic country.
  17. VladChernui
    VladChernui 29 May 2021 16: 59
    0
    We have a good nurse made an armored car "Linza"