Military Review

Turkish anti-aircraft missile system HISAR

47

Test launch of the HISAR-A complex, 2019


Today, the basis of the Turkish air defense system is made up of American-made complexes. First of all, these are the venerable MIM-14 Nike-Hercules and MIM-23 Hawk complexes. The first models of these complexes were put into service at the turn of the late 50s - early 60s. Also in the arsenal of the Turkish army there are British Rapier short-range complexes.

The most modern, powerful and perfect air defense system in Turkey is the Russian S-400 system, the purchase of which by a NATO country turned into a real scandal and the ensuing sanctions from Washington. The desire to reliably protect its skies turned out for Ankara to lose the contract for the fifth generation F-35 fighter-bombers.

At the same time, Turkey is actively working on the development of its own military-industrial complex. The Turkish military-industrial complex is already demonstrating success in the field of creating an unmanned aviation, wheeled armored vehicles, smart ammunition. Turkey is also creating its own anti-aircraft missile systems. As part of the ambitious HISAR project, the Turkish military expects to receive a full-fledged line of short, medium and long-range air defense systems.

Work in this direction is easy to explain. Turkey is facing the task of rearming its own air defense forces from the American MIM-14 Nike-Hercules and MIM-23 Hawk complexes to models that meet the challenges of today. At the same time, the country is trying to develop its own weapons systems so as not to depend on foreign policy risks.

What is known about the HISAR program


The HISAR program (translated as "fortress") began in 2007, when the country's Ministry of Defense Industry sent official requests to national and international companies for the supply of small and medium-range air defense systems. 18 companies responded to this request, while in 2015 the Turkish company Aselsan was finally given preference, which was chosen as the general contractor for the work. Today, this company occupies a leading position in the Turkish defense industry.


Diagram of the deployed battery of the HISAR-B air defense missile system

Another well-known Turkish company, Roketsan, is responsible for the development of anti-aircraft guided missiles for the complex, whose main specialization is the design, development and production of missiles of various types and purposes. The company has been on the market since 1988. Like Aselsan, this firm has accumulated quite a lot of experience in its field of research.

At the same time, the first missile tests of the HISAR-A short-range complex began in 2013, and the Hisar-O medium-range complex in 2014. Tests of the latter complex continue today. So, at the beginning of March 2021, the media published news about the next successful tests of the Hisar-O complex. It is reported that the complex has successfully passed the next tests, destroying the air target on the first try. In particular, the Turkish edition of the Daily Sabah wrote about this.

It is known that at least 314,9 million euros were allocated for the development program of the HISAR-A complex, and another 241,4 million euros for the development of the Hisar-O complex. On October 12, 2019, the HISAR-A complex passed all stages of testing. And was recommended by the Turkish Ministry of Defense for serial production, which began in 2020.

Also within the framework of the HISAR program, it is envisaged to create a long-range complex under the designation HISAR-U, which was later renamed Siper. The development of this project is obviously going harder than others. At the same time, the declared range of its missiles should exceed 100 km.

Disclosed technical capabilities of HISAR complexes


The developers of the Turkish HISAR air defense system say that the system is able to hit all types of modern air targets from helicopters and aircraft to cruise missiles and enemy unmanned aerial vehicles. The defeat of air targets is provided around the clock in all weather conditions. The complexes are able to hit targets at low and medium altitudes and ranges, providing zonal or point air defense, including air defense of important objects.


Anti-aircraft guided missile complex HISAR

Complexes HISAR-A and HISAR-B can be used for operational purposes to cover places of concentration and deployment of troops, to protect military bases and seaports, as well as strategic industrial and infrastructure facilities.

A distinctive feature of the entire HISAR project is the modularity of the design and the ability to use various chassis: wheeled and tracked.

The Krepost air defense systems, in addition to the launchers and missiles themselves, include command posts, as well as vehicles with radars. From the information disclosed by Roketsan, it is known that the HISAR anti-aircraft missiles have vertical launch capabilities, shock and proximity fuses, a thrust vector control system, and two-stage rocket engines.

On the marching section of the trajectory, a radio command guidance system for targeting the missile defense system is used, in the final section - an infrared guidance system. The missiles are unified as much as possible and have a single warhead and fuses, as well as solid-propellant rocket engines of the same type.

HISAR missiles are equipped with a high-explosive fragmentation warhead. HISAR-A missiles provide effective destruction of air targets at a distance of up to 15 kilometers, the HISAR-B complex - up to 25 kilometers. At the same time, the HISAR-A complexes are available in a completely autonomous version, when the launcher, the fire control command post and the three-dimensional target search radar are located on the same chassis.

Turkish anti-aircraft missile system HISAR
Test launch from a complex based on the FNSS ACV-30 chassis

For example, they can be placed on the Turkish-designed FNSS ACV-30 armored tracked chassis. This combat vehicle can provide the complex with a speed of up to 65 km / h on the highway, as well as the ability to overcome inclines with a slope of 60% and the ability to move sideways on a slope with a steepness of 30%.

According to the Turkish company Roketsan, the missiles of the HISAR-A complex are capable of effectively hitting all types of air targets at a distance of up to 15 km and at altitudes up to 5 km. The detection and tracking range of a fighter-type air target is 25 km for this complex. Moreover, each HISAR-A SAM launcher carries at least 4 missiles ready to fire.

The capabilities of the HISAR-B complex look more preferable. The complex allows you to hit air targets at a distance of up to 25 km and at an altitude of up to 10 km. In terms of target engagement range, the complex surpasses modern export versions of the Russian Tor-M2 short-range air defense systems of the divisional link.

There are 18 ready-to-fire missiles in the battery, and 54 in the battalion (6 each on a launcher on an all-terrain wheeled chassis). The detection and tracking range of a fighter-type target for the HISAR-B air defense system is 40-60 km, the number of simultaneously tracked targets is more than 60.


Launcher and TPM complex HISAR-B

Installations of the HISAR-B complex are able to operate as part of batteries from three launchers or as part of a division - from three batteries. As a base for the launcher, the Turkish military chose the chassis of the Mercedes-Benz 2733 truck, which has a 6x6 wheel arrangement. The transport-loading vehicle of the HISAR-B complex was also built on the same wheelbase. Each of the vehicles carries 6 loaded containers of missiles.

It was originally planned that the tests of the HISAR-B complexes should be fully completed by 2018. However, from the latest news from Turkish publications, it is clear that test launches are still continuing. So far, nothing is known about the launch of medium-range air defense systems in mass production.

At the same time, there is almost no information about the HISAR-U (Siper) complex. It is only known that it will most likely be based on the chassis of the MAN Türkiye 8x8 truck and will be able to hit air targets in the range from 30 to 100+ km.
Author:
Photos used:
https://www.roketsan.com.tr/ и https://www.aselsan.com.tr/
47 comments
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  1. Undecim
    Undecim 13 May 2021 18: 23
    +4
    According to the Turkish company Roketsan, the missiles of the HISAR-A complex are capable of effectively hitting all types of air targets at a distance of up to 15 km and at altitudes up to 5 km.

    The information is out of date. The Hisar-A + missile with an altitude of 8 km has already been launched into series.
    1. Undecim
      Undecim 13 May 2021 18: 49
      +3
      The capabilities of the HISAR-B complex

      The complex is called Hisar-O.
      It was originally planned that the tests of the HISAR-B complexes should be fully completed by 2018. However, from the latest news from Turkish publications, it is clear that test launches are still ongoing.

      Hisar-O testing completed. Currently, tests of the upgraded Hisar-O + complex are being completed.

      Test video here - https://www.hurriyet.com.tr/ekonomi/hisar-o-testlerden-basariyla-gecti-41758606
      1. Artyom Karagodin
        Artyom Karagodin 13 May 2021 20: 23
        +3
        To be honest, it seems that technology is being actively transferred to them. Such a jump in the air defense system, and not only, in such a short time? On your own? Although, perhaps I am wrong in my assumptions.
        1. Anzhey V.
          Anzhey V. 13 May 2021 21: 09
          +5
          perhaps I am wrong in my assumptions.


          You are not mistaken. Turkey is being actively pumped by the UK.

          And, in fact, no one closed the access to the component market to them either. They have no problems with the same military microelectronics.

          Want to surprise me even more?)

          Xiaomi and Oppo smartphones are assembled in Turkey ...
          1. OgnennyiKotik
            OgnennyiKotik 13 May 2021 23: 24
            0
            The US Army has named the range of its new hypersonic missile, 2775 km, read more here
            https://www.thedrive.com/the-war-zone/40584/the-army-has-finally-revealed-the-range-its-new-hypersonic-weapon
            1. Anzhey V.
              Anzhey V. 14 May 2021 00: 03
              +2
              Thank you, Kitty)
        2. TermNachTer
          TermNachTer 13 May 2021 21: 13
          -3
          And how much the stated performance characteristics correspond to reality? You can write anything on a piece of paper (on the Internet).
          1. Anzhey V.
            Anzhey V. 13 May 2021 21: 20
            +3
            And how much the stated performance characteristics correspond to reality? You can write anything on a piece of paper (on the Internet).


            So you can loudly declare any weapon.
            1. TermNachTer
              TermNachTer 13 May 2021 22: 18
              -6
              Absolutely right. Recently, the Jews in all seriousness argued that only mice in a dark barn were more terrible than theirs "Iron Dome", and now they are shouting about the victims among the civilian population.
              1. OgnennyiKotik
                OgnennyiKotik 13 May 2021 22: 32
                +5
                The iron dome worked great. For the first time we saw a really working air defense system. The fact that she missed ~ 5% of the missiles is an excellent result, it is unlikely that it will be lower.
                1. TermNachTer
                  TermNachTer 13 May 2021 23: 12
                  -2
                  Where does the 5% figure come from? Israeli sources? Do you believe them? Just now in Karabakh, the Transcaucasian Andersen also told fairy tales. Now it turns out that the tales were, well, very fabulous))) Further, even if you take this fabulous figure on faith, even 1% of hits can have catastrophic consequences if the hit is on some vital target. Further, isn't it funny to brag about the interception rates if an Arab missile costs $ 500 and a Jewish one $ 50? Although I think the Jews are lying again. Because the American rocket, which is very close in performance characteristics, is purchased at a price of 108 thousand.
                  Not to mention the Leaky Dome works in ideal conditions. The Jews have everything - satellite, intelligence, RT and RL - intelligence. Nobody crushes with electronic warfare, nobody hammers with PRL - missiles, nobody crushes communication channels, GSM - navigation. Do you consider this an excellent result? You and I have very different concepts of splendor)))
                  1. Nikolaevich I
                    Nikolaevich I 14 May 2021 01: 22
                    0
                    Quote: TermNachTER
                    The Leaky Dome works in ideal conditions. The Jews have everything - satellite, intelligence, RT and RL - intelligence. Nobody crushes with electronic warfare, nobody hammers with PRL - missiles, nobody crushes communication channels, GSM - navigation. Do you consider this an excellent result? You and I have very different concepts of splendor)))

                    Familiar "picture"! Dare to "criticize" your favorite Jewish umbrella, how "minuses" flew at you! Something similar happened to me when I began to express an opinion about the "umbrella", similar to yours in the comments on reports about "Palestinian missile strikes on Israel"! request Down with the (pro) Jewish lobby! angry
                    1. TermNachTer
                      TermNachTer 14 May 2021 12: 35
                      +1
                      They constantly minus me, then for Karabakh, that discussion with Timokhin. Somehow deeply violet. As one clever Greek (not a Jew) said: "Plato is my friend, but the truth is dearer"))) I have nothing against their "dome", but the events of the last days suggest that his reputation is slightly "exaggerated")) ) percent in general is a very convenient figure - they can explain anything. There is one bad moment, if 0,001% falls on some object in the Negev desert, then this desert can dramatically increase in size and become a little radioactive)))
                  2. Gregory 1
                    Gregory 1 14 May 2021 02: 00
                    +3
                    Quote: TermNachTER
                    Not to mention the Leaky Dome works in ideal conditions. The Jews have everything - satellite, intelligence, RT and RL - intelligence. Nobody crushes with electronic warfare, nobody hammers with PRL - missiles, nobody crushes communication channels, GSM - navigation. Do you consider this an excellent result? You and I have very different concepts of splendor)))

                    I completely agree with you.
                2. Gregory 1
                  Gregory 1 14 May 2021 15: 01
                  +1
                  Quote: OgnennyiKotik
                  The iron dome worked great. For the first time we saw a really working air defense system. What she missed ~ 5% missiles, this is an excellent result, it is unlikely that below will work.

                  "The iron dome is for cover from Palestinian neighbors, but nothing more. And that is not always effective. Recent events have shown efficiency in 85-90%", - said the director of the Bureau of Political-Military Analysis."
                  The Iron Dome missed 10-15% of targets - this is a mediocre result, not great.
                3. Gori
                  Gori 28 May 2021 08: 42
                  0
                  Quote: OgnennyiKotik
                  The iron dome worked great. For the first time we saw a really working air defense system. What she missed ~ 5% of missiles, this is an excellent result, it is unlikely that below will work.

                  The iron dome, not she, but him. Iron dome missed 10-15% of missiles.
                  It is not forbidden to lie beautifully.
                  Replace translator, foreign agent.
                  1. OgnennyiKotik
                    OgnennyiKotik 28 May 2021 08: 46
                    -1
                    Gori / Grigory 1 / Tonev / Dred / PPSh / Ali / SETSET / I. Vasya Hold +, my friend! Nice to see you again! laughing
        3. Undecim
          Undecim 13 May 2021 21: 28
          +3
          To be honest, it seems that technology is being actively transferred to them.

          If on the VO website, instead of Damantsev's delirium or the endless Ukrainiade, someone bothered to post real information from the world military-industrial complex, you would learn a lot of new and interesting things, including about Turkish - British cooperation in the field of arms production and cooperation between Aselsan and Thales. in particular.
          1. Anzhey V.
            Anzhey V. 13 May 2021 22: 04
            +3
            instead of Damantsev's delirium or endless Ukrainiade, someone bothered to post real information from the world military-industrial complex, you would learn a lot of new and interesting


            Yes, almost no one is interested in this here. Immediately, a howl will rise that the site was bought by the CIA, there are only traitors around who write nonsense and so on.

            The local public itself is diligently trying to strangle all interesting authors and commentators. Exval and Sperry wrote something unusual - they are being bullied. Fiery Kitty publishes something in the comments - he is overwhelmed with minuses just like that.
            1. Undecim
              Undecim 13 May 2021 22: 15
              0
              The local public has no influence on the content of articles and site authors and cannot strangle them. As an example - the same Damantsev. Everything depends on the site's policy.
              1. Anzhey V.
                Anzhey V. 13 May 2021 22: 31
                0
                As an example - the same Damantsev


                Eugene is a bad example, because he works here - if you look at the information about the site, he is listed as a staff analyst author)

                And as you can easily see, there is a demand for it among a huge number of readers. In the comments, he is usually sawed, but his views are impressive.

                The local public has no influence on the content of articles and site authors and cannot strangle them


                It only seems so, alas.
                1. Gregory 1
                  Gregory 1 14 May 2021 08: 33
                  0
                  Sorry, I was a little wrong. This expression is not yours, but that of the Undecim user.
            2. Gregory 1
              Gregory 1 14 May 2021 01: 49
              -1
              Quote: Anjay V.
              instead of Damantsev's delirium or endless Ukrainiade, someone bothered to post real information from the world military-industrial complex, you would learn a lot of new and interesting

              Damantsev is the only old cadre who supports the technical terminology of weapons, albeit with minor errors. Other writers are a complete zero on the output, let alone the input.
              And downloading advertising brochures from the Internet, without knowing the parameters and physics, does not take a lot of mind. The present technical level of the VO has fallen sharply at the present time.
              And there is no need to try to glorify the Turkish air defense systems, which are very far (within more than 10 years) behind the air defense systems of Russia in terms of parameters and capabilities.
              1. Undecim
                Undecim 14 May 2021 06: 26
                -1
                weapons terminology

                Download the spelling dictionary. You don't need a lot of intelligence.
                1. Gregory 1
                  Gregory 1 14 May 2021 08: 46
                  -3
                  Quote: Undecim
                  weapons terminology
                  Download the spelling dictionary. You don't need a lot of intelligence.

                  Here you have repeatedly lost to Damantsev, not understanding the abstract meaning of his articles on EPR. Download a technical dictionary. You don't need a lot of intelligence.
                  Quote: Undecim
                  If on the VO website, instead of Damantsev's delirium or the endless Ukrainiade, someone bothered to post real information from the world military-industrial complex, you would learn a lot of new and interesting things, including about Turkish - British cooperation in the field of arms production and cooperation between Aselsan and Thales. in particular.

                  There is no need to litter the technical site with such information, like the one that you presented above about the Turkish HISAR, without writing practically nothing about other characteristics, except for the range, without indicating the EPR, which is a gross technical error, compared to Damantsev.
                  1. Undecim
                    Undecim 14 May 2021 09: 35
                    +1
                    Damantsev, perelogines!
                    1. OgnennyiKotik
                      OgnennyiKotik 14 May 2021 09: 56
                      +2
                      This is an old local clown: Grigory 1 / Tonev / Dred / PPSh / Ali / SETSET / I. Vasya.
                      Straight amazing tenacity)
                      1. Undecim
                        Undecim 14 May 2021 09: 59
                        +2
                        Obviously, this is such a way of self-realization - an eternal troll.
        4. OgnennyiKotik
          OgnennyiKotik 13 May 2021 22: 41
          +3
          Quote: Artyom Karagodin
          it seems that technology is being actively transferred to them.

          Turkey is a NATO member. Almost the entire military-technical-political elite has Western (British and American mainly) education. They began a policy in order to technically catch up with the West in the 80s, now they are in the second generation. Almost all technologies are available to them, except for critical ones.

          A vivid example:

          Baykar Makina is a Turkish aircraft manufacturer founded in 1984 year as an entrepreneur Ozdemir Bayraktar.
          In the first years after its foundation, the company was engaged in production of parts for engines, pumps and automobile transmissions.
          Since 2000, Baykar Makina began work in the field of aircraft construction, in particular, in the development and production of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). These works were actively attended by sons Ozdemir Bayraktar - Haluk, Selcuk and Akhmet Bayraktary.
          The research team of the company consists of 800 people, engineers and technicians.
          Selcuk Bayraktar graduated from Istanbul Technical University in 2002. Has a master's degree The University of Pennsylvania and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Doctorate holder Georgia Institute of Technology
          1. Intruder
            Intruder 14 May 2021 15: 32
            +1
            He holds master's degrees from the University of Pennsylvania and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Georgia Institute of Technology Ph.D.
            Well done, graduated from the best universities in the world !? I would go to Moscow, I would still buy outdated models of Israeli drones and fight all sorts of "Orions", with mass-dimensional models of "Lightning"! laughing wink
            1. OgnennyiKotik
              OgnennyiKotik 14 May 2021 15: 39
              +2
              There is another moment, in the 80s in Turkey they began a program of "import substitution" ie. began to help in the development of their own production, in particular mechanical engineering. Many enterprises were founded for the production of spare parts for machinery. One of the successful manufacturers gave their children an international education and handed over the business to them, they repurposed it. Those. has been going on for 40 years of systematic development of its scientific and industrial complex. Without history, shapkozakidatelstva, huge state injections, on private initiative and business. There are also state corporations and they play an extremely important role, which also cannot be denied. The results are more than obvious.
              1. Intruder
                Intruder 14 May 2021 15: 43
                +1
                Those. has been going on for 40 years of systematic development of its scientific and industrial complex. Without history, shapkozakidatelstva, huge state injections, on private initiative and business.
                Well, well done, modern Ottomans, then ... there is something to learn for some uryakolok-patriots, and not to engage in any funny garbage, such as: primordial and braced import substitution for budget money, those very smart (read opposite) taxpayers, one import for other! wink
              2. Gregory 1
                Gregory 1 14 May 2021 16: 26
                -3
                Quote: OgnennyiKotik
                ... The results are more than obvious.

                Can't compare Turkish air defense systems with Russian air defense systems? Then there is no need to sing praises. Move on to prayers - it's much easier.
                1. OgnennyiKotik
                  OgnennyiKotik 14 May 2021 16: 29
                  0
                  Grigory 1 / Tonev / Dred / PPSh / Ali / SETSET / I. Vasya tell me what other Nicky did you have here? The collection is not complete otherwise. laughing
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        5. Intruder
          Intruder 14 May 2021 15: 28
          +1
          To be honest, it seems that technology is being actively transferred to them. Such a jump in the air defense system, and not only, in such a short time? On your own? Although, perhaps I am wrong in my assumptions.
          The main thing is not even what they could convey, but how they successfully realized the "gift from technology" in their own reality and within their own, again, country !!!
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  2. knn54
    knn54 13 May 2021 18: 30
    0
    Turks continue to impress.
    1. OgnennyiKotik
      OgnennyiKotik 13 May 2021 18: 43
      +3
      In this case, nothing supernatural. Strong middling. Made with modern technology, but without unnecessary complications. Accordingly, not too expensive. It will take its place in the market. True, by Russian standards, the Hisar-O medium-range complex does not pull.

      They have an interesting ZSU Korkut, coaxial 35mm cannons, controlled blasting, based on ACV. In principle, he and Hisar close the near / small air defense zone.
      The first video from Libya.

  3. Undecim
    Undecim 13 May 2021 19: 04
    +3
    At the same time, there is almost no information about the HISAR-U (Siper) complex.

    I wouldn't say that. Rather a lot of it. There is no specifics.
  4. TermNachTer
    TermNachTer 13 May 2021 21: 11
    -2
    Cool))) when the Mercedes was sold to the Turks?))) I missed something?))) The air defense system is completely Turkish, installed on the Mercedes chassis)))
    1. Anzhey V.
      Anzhey V. 14 May 2021 00: 46
      +1
      Cool))) when the "Mercedes" was sold to the Turks?))) I missed something?)))


      Comrade, I understand that it’s a nightmare for you to pour out bile, but you are at least a little interested in the world around you before doing this.

      In Turkey, there is a subsidiary of Mercedes called Mercedes-Benz Türk. They have as many as two factories there - a bus in the suburbs of Istanbul and a truck in Aksaray.

      Moreover, there is not an assembly of car kits, but full-fledged huge factories.
      1. TermNachTer
        TermNachTer 14 May 2021 12: 40
        -1
        Yeah, engines for "bayraktars" are also made in Turkey, only some spare parts are brought from Austria, because the Turks do not succeed in everything. Now about the SAM itself. All components, including processors, magnetrons, klystrons, etc. - is it made in Turkey?))) Why is it Turkish, if there, almost half of it was brought from behind the "hillock"?)))
        1. Anzhey V.
          Anzhey V. 14 May 2021 12: 57
          0
          Do you, naive child, think that in Russia everything is different and different?

          Ever wondered where we get microelectronics for military technology from?

          Naturally, this is a rhetorical question, otherwise you would not be grumbling right now.

          And so for general development, read any analytical reports prepared for the government on this topic - we have a number of publicly available such a plan, including fresh ones from 2020.

          It will be possible to smile straight there with happiness)))))))))))
          1. TermNachTer
            TermNachTer 14 May 2021 17: 42
            0
            Then why talk (write, yell) - completely Turkish production. I must say - collected in Turkey from German, Canadian, Taiwanese, Israeli, Chinese, South. Korean, etc. spare parts. At the same time, add in small letters below. If one of the suppliers stops delivering, then you can forget about services, repairs and upgrades. Put the Turkish miracle technique in the barn, you will use it as roosts for chickens.
            1. Anzhey V.
              Anzhey V. 14 May 2021 18: 01
              +1
              Then why talk (write, yell) - completely Turkish production


              Yes, we also do it. And then it turns out that "Bulava" has Latvian-made microelectronics.

              In general, your claims are somewhat incomprehensible, because no country in the world makes weapons 100% from its own components - not even China.
              1. TermNachTer
                TermNachTer 14 May 2021 20: 30
                +1
                That is, you agree that the Turkish in this air defense system, only the nameplate "made in Turkey")))) then what were we arguing about?)))
                1. Anzhey V.
                  Anzhey V. 14 May 2021 20: 33
                  +1
                  1. Neither you nor I can know how much Turkish is in it and how much is not.
                  2. Components need to be able to competently put together to get a working complex. This is the development and it has the right to be called Turkish / Russian / Chinese.
                  1. TermNachTer
                    TermNachTer 14 May 2021 20: 38
                    0
                    Is this Turkish superwaffle built on some new operating principles? Is there a fundamentally new receiver, transmitter, antenna strip, indicators? What's fundamentally new? since the 50s of the last century))))