Military Review

Construction of UDC "Type 075" for the Chinese naval forces


Project appearance of UDC "075". Graphics Wikimedia Commons

The Chinese program for the construction of universal amphibious assault ships / amphibious assault helicopter docks (UDC / DVKD) shows new successes. On April 23, a solemn ceremony took place, during which the head UDC of the new project "Type 075" was accepted into the PLA Navy. Two more such ships are planned to be delivered in the coming years, and together they can seriously change the capabilities of the amphibious forces. fleet.

From news to construction

The first reports about the development of a new Chinese project UDC appeared in 2012. Then this project appeared in the news under the indexes "071A" and "081", and the first images of the promising ship were freely available. In 2013, there was a rumor about the possible start of construction of a new type of head DVKD, however, as it turned out later, this information did not correspond to reality.

In 2015, Chinese shipbuilders at one of the exhibitions for the first time showed a couple of concepts of promising UDCs of their own design. The shown layouts attracted attention and made you remember the news of previous years. A version appeared and became widespread, according to which one of the demonstrated concepts will soon be implemented in metal.

Construction of new landing ships, June 2019 Photo

In the fall of 2016, it became known about the real plans of the PLA Navy for the construction of landing ships. The Type 075 project was approved for construction and the contract was awarded to China State Shipbuilding Corp. (CSSC). It was planned to start cutting metal in the 1st quarter of the next 2017.

It is curious that the ceremonies for laying new UDC pr. "075" were held in a closed format, and they were not reported. The dates of the formal start of construction are still unknown. At the same time, in the summer of 2019, it was officially announced that there are already three ships on the stocks at different stages of construction. In addition, the Navy announced its intention to build three more buildings - after the completion of the current work.

Head "Hainan"

Cutting metal for the construction of the head UDC of a new type began at the Hudong-Zhonghua Shipbuilding plant in Shanghai in the first months of 2017 and took some time. The bookmark of the ship, according to various data and estimates, took place no later than the beginning of 2018. Later, the ship was named Hainan.

For a long time, the details of the construction remained unknown. In the summer of 2019, several interesting photographs from satellite and from the ground appeared on profile resources. They showed the dry dock of the plant, where the UDC of projects "071" and "075" were under construction. The latter was at the stage of assembling the hull structures and looked little like a finished ship.

Launching the lead ship of the series. Photo by the Ministry of Defense of the People's Republic of China

On September 25, 2019, a solemn ceremony of launching the lead ship took place. By this time, work on the hull was completed, and the superstructure was installed. From the construction dock, the UDC was transferred to the outfitting wall to be equipped with the remaining systems and units.

On April 11, 2020, a fire broke out at Hainan. The fire occurred in the central or aft part of the ship, on the landing deck or in the dock chamber. Thick smoke poured from various openings, hatches and hatches; soot covered the aft part of the hull. The causes, consequences and damage from the fire were not officially reported. At the same time, in just a few days, all external manifestations of the fire that had occurred were removed from the ship. The consequences of the accident were liquidated and construction continued, without significant delays from the schedule.

By mid-May, the ship was brought to mooring tests. At the same time the first launch of the main power plant took place. In early August, "Hainan" first went to sea for sea trials.

"Hainan" on sea trials, August 2020 Photo by the Ministry of Defense of the People's Republic of China

On April 23, 2021, at the Sanya naval base (Hainan Island), a solemn ceremony was held for the acceptance of several new combat units into the PLA Navy. In the presence of the country's top leadership, the flags of the fleet were raised on the Hainan UDC, as well as on the third destroyer, project 055, and on the sixth submarine, project 094.

Construction series

In 2018 or 2019 (exact data are not available), construction of the first serial UDC of a new project began in Shanghai. This ship was launched on April 22, 2020 and transferred for completion. According to the latest reports, it has already begun sea trials, which will take several months to complete. The approved schedule provides for the delivery of the second ship of the series in 2022, and so far such dates look quite realistic.

Not earlier than 2019, the Hudong-Zhonghua Shipbuilding plant laid the foundation for the third ship of the new type. The first photos from the construction dock appeared in November last year and showed structures gradually acquiring the features of a full-fledged ship. On January 29, 2021, this UDC was taken out of the dock for completion at the wall. This year or next, he will be released for testing, and admission to the combat strength is expected in 2022-23.

New ships at the admission ceremony, April 23, 2021. Still from CCTV report

So far, only three Type 075 ships are known to be built. This program has been partially completed and will cope with all the tasks in the next year or two. According to reports from previous years, upon receipt of positive experience in operating three new UDCs, an order for three more ships may appear. Moreover, some sources mention the possibility of expanding the series to 8 units. The final decision on the required number of ships has not yet been made and will appear only in the coming years.

Landing capabilities

The Type 075 project envisages the construction of a ship with a length of approx. 240 m with a full displacement of approx. 35-36 thousand tons The ship is believed to have a gas turbine propulsion system. A large flight deck with six take-off positions was built. Inside the hull there are crew and landing quarters, as well as a hangar deck, a deck for land equipment and a stern dock chamber for landing boats.

According to known data, the new UDC is capable of transporting up to 30 helicopters for various purposes. Depending on the tasks assigned, helicopters of different types will be able to land troops and support them with fire, as well as carry out anti-submarine defense or radar patrol.

Foreign sources mention the possibility of transporting an assault force in the amount of 1-1,2 thousand people. Dimensions and capacity tank decks and dock cameras are unknown. Judging by its size, the ship is capable of transporting up to several dozen armored vehicles, incl. tanks, as well as several landing boats.

UDCs of a new type are intended to work as part of ship groups, and their protection is assigned to other combat units. For this reason, "Hainan" and other "075" carry a limited range of weapons. The project provides for the use of two H / PJ-11 artillery mounts with 30-mm machine guns and a pair of short-range HQ-10 missile systems.

Fleet prospects

At the moment, the PLA Navy has a fairly large amphibious force. They are based on approx. 30 large landing ships of project 072 of several modifications. Such ships with a displacement of 4,8 thousand tons are capable of transporting up to 10 armored vehicles, 2 helicopters and up to 250 soldiers. Unloading of equipment is carried out through the bow ramp, directly to the shore or at a distance from it.

Eight modern Type 071 UDCs were also built and commissioned into the Navy. With a displacement of 25 thousand tons, they are capable of transporting up to 800 soldiers, up to 20 armored vehicles, 4 helicopters and 2 air-cushion landing boats. Unlike the "Type 072", the newer "071" are capable of carrying out a full-fledged over-the-horizon landing, providing greater security for the landing force.

The head UDC / DVKD of the new project 075 adopted by the Navy is larger and heavier than the existing amphibious assault ships, and is also capable of carrying a larger number of aviation and land or amphibious vehicles. It has obvious advantages over other combat units and should seriously strengthen the amphibious fleet and expand its capabilities for over-the-horizon operations.

However, while the PLA Navy has only one new UDC, and this does not allow getting all the possible advantages. However, in the coming years, the next two ships will be handed over to the fleet, which will noticeably affect the landing forces. In addition, it is possible to continue the series - with clear quantitative and qualitative results.

The successful completion of the construction of the head UDC pr. 075 demonstrates the growth of the potential of the Chinese shipbuilding industry. So, "Hainan" is now the third in displacement ship in the Chinese Navy, second only to two aircraft carriers. Earlier, the top three were rounded out by the landing ships of the previous project 071. This shows that the industry is mastering a fairly massive and rapid construction of ever larger ships. Right now, these opportunities are being used to develop amphibious forces, and in the future they can be used in other areas.

Thus, the recent ceremony of admitting new units to the fleet was indeed an important event in modern stories The PLA Navy, and not only because of the simultaneous delivery of several ships. In the current doctrine of the construction and use of the Chinese Navy, amphibious forces receive a special place - and the new "Hainan" will make it possible to more effectively implement such plans.

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  1. Login_Off
    Login_Off April 27 2021 03: 49
    I get the impression that Putin and Xi have agreed to delimit the military component.
    Russia focuses on the ground forces, and China on the maritime component. Aviation is divided equally. The nuclear triad is different for everyone.
    1. bayard
      bayard April 27 2021 06: 57
      China does not need allies, it just uses those from whom it can still get something useful.
      China has already received almost everything it wanted, but recently they began to restrict access to technologies ... But it does not help much. China needs about 10 more years to acquire a fully balanced fleet for global tasks. Then everything will change.
      Russia built China an early warning system (from the latter) and transferred the technology of powerful rocket engines for their space program ... In response, they promised to supply a military-space-class radio component base ... and also supplied diesel engines for Buyans to the Russian Federation .. ...
      We are not allies, we are fellow travelers, until the dragon gains strength.
      What then?
      Stalin relied on his own forces, autarky and complete sovereignty in everything ...
      But the guarantor believes that only galoshes were produced at that time.
      So we will win. ... ... ?
    2. OgnennyiKotik
      OgnennyiKotik April 27 2021 09: 00
      Nonsense. China is on its own. Its land army has long surpassed the Russian one in tanks, artillery, and the number of soldiers by 1,5-2 times. The number of Air Force fighters they have is almost 2 times more, according to AWACS we have disaster 9 versus 43. The fleet is simply impossible to compare, they have a wild superiority in this component.
      Our superiority remains only in the strategic nuclear forces, and their number of nuclear weapons is sufficient to inflict irreparable damage on us.

      Our troops are comparable to the Indian ones and we are far from superior to them everywhere. This is such a sad reality.

      China is red, Russia is brown.

      1. NIKN
        NIKN April 27 2021 12: 07
        It's pointless to argue with this, you can't argue against facts :) But here
        Quote: OgnennyiKotik
        Our superiority remains only in the strategic nuclear forces, and their number of nuclear weapons is sufficient to inflict irreparable damage on us.
        Whether they succeed or not, and comparing the territories (the density of the strike), they clearly lose, it is easier to cover China and the damage for them is incomparable with ours, although I agree with unacceptable damage. And here's one more detail, for us the damage is unacceptable mainly due to the fact that after that we will not be able to repel the blows of others who wish, of whom there are quite a few, (this also concerns China), they will have something completely inconceivable, on the verge of being wiped off the face of the earth, Well, these are just my thoughts, but still this is a serious containment.
        1. OgnennyiKotik
          OgnennyiKotik April 27 2021 12: 20
          We will not shoot the entire arsenal across China, it is not so big (1456 warheads). China will strike nuclear weapons in the European part of Russia, Siberia and the Far East will be captured. We cannot defend there, it is enough to destroy only 1 railway in order to cut off these territories from the European part of the Russian Federation.
          In fact, only SNF stops China from capturing all of Siberia and the Far East. There our troops, in comparison with the Chinese, actually do not exist, the territories are sparsely populated, 1 railway road and 1,5 highways.
          1. Greenwood
            Greenwood April 27 2021 14: 09
            Quote: OgnennyiKotik
            China will strike nuclear weapons in the European part of Russia, Siberia and the Far East will be captured.
            Mikhalkov had a good video on this topic:
  2. kig
    kig April 27 2021 04: 33
    Yes .... three years and the ship is ready. And not only ready, but accepted into the fleet.
    1. Volga073
      Volga073 April 27 2021 06: 01
      So 3 billion Chinese actually work there, and only UralVagonZavod works in Russia!
  3. tlauicol
    tlauicol April 27 2021 04: 59
    Future hegemon. It's scary to look at it all
    1. Asad
      Asad April 27 2021 06: 38
      And I will support you, really a hegemon, and not an ally! Remember the minus factors about Afghanistan.
    2. bandabas
      bandabas April 27 2021 08: 14
      They just do not have incomprehensible "non-working days".
      1. tlauicol
        tlauicol April 27 2021 08: 16
        Quote: bandabas
        They just do not have incomprehensible "non-working days".

        they just work, and not rock the boat. And those who swing are shot in the back of the head
        1. Kalmar
          Kalmar April 27 2021 09: 52
          Quote: Tlauicol
          they just work, and not rock the boat

          It's just that they have people in power who work for the result, and not for the development of budgets.
          1. bandabas
            bandabas April 27 2021 12: 01
            You're right. And do not engage in eyewash.
  4. The leader of the Redskins
    The leader of the Redskins April 27 2021 06: 06
    It remains to quietly envy - both the Chinese shipbuilders have work, and the ships to the sailors are popping out like hot cakes ...
  5. donavi49
    donavi49 April 27 2021 08: 46
    A bit of video.

    Two more.

    Against the background of 071
  6. Xlor
    Xlor April 27 2021 11: 03
    I hope that during the lifetime of my generation I will see the Chinese amphibious troops in California, Hawaii and Australia!
    1. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA April 27 2021 11: 23
      Quote: Xlor
      I hope that during the lifetime of my generation I will see the Chinese amphibious troops in California, Hawaii and Australia!

      Do you so want to run through the Wasteland in search of a water chip or a GECK?
      1. Xlor
        Xlor April 27 2021 12: 00
        I am a computer user since the days of OS DOS and I am proud that during all this time I have not played a single game ... stop
        1. realist
          realist April 27 2021 12: 14
          I played chess like that, played a couple of times - then I quit, it takes a lot of time ...
        2. Alexey RA
          Alexey RA April 27 2021 19: 15
          Quote: Xlor
          I am a computer user since the days of OS DOS and I am proud that during all this time I have not played a single game ... stop

          After the Chinese landed in California, it won't be a game.
      2. Anachoret
        Anachoret April 27 2021 15: 09
        Wasteland breeds a fierce hatred for the haughty inhabitants of the City of Refuge and the citizen Lynette (or Harris), all the children of the apocalypse and the hubologists as well.
  7. Sergey Aleksandrovich
    Sergey Aleksandrovich April 27 2021 15: 21
    I look at this large ship and I suspect that something is missing.
    There are not enough 152-mm howitzers on the sides in casemates or turrets. How to support the landing or are they going to clear a bridgehead for it?
    1. donavi49
      donavi49 April 27 2021 16: 04
      This is exactly what the Navy always thought, fashioning from each unit it is not clear what, and to the detriment of its main task. At the level of the same poor Kuzi, whose air group was devoured by a weevil, or rather Granites, combat posts, etc., or Gren before the alteration, when he had both the air defense system and the guns and Dirks standing there.

      This UDC has a traditional western layout - every ton, every meter for its intended purpose. A large air group and full-fledged 6 takeoff / landing + 6 helicopters on the hot (fast ascent / reception of 12 vehicles in one wave), two Chinese LCACs at the dock, a large amphibious group of their naval tanks and infantry fighting vehicles. This is what the ship is dedicated to.

      To demolish the air defense - the planned site will be bombed by J-15 out of 2 operating AUG, another 1 (and according to other sources, the second has already been laid down) is being built.

      The task of defending the formation, suppressing important objects, defense and command centers will be solved by destroyers 052D for 64 universal mines for Caliber / S300 (18 pieces have already been accepted) and 055 for 112 universal mines for Caliber / S300 (3 adopted and 4 will be adopted soon).

      1. Sergey Aleksandrovich
        Sergey Aleksandrovich April 27 2021 16: 08
        I'm not actually a sailor. But my head does not fit how it is, such a large ship and without large howitzers capable of carrying tactical nuclear weapons. Howitzers should be terrifying for their mere appearance and presence. wassat
        1. donavi49
          donavi49 April 27 2021 16: 22
          Well, in terms of vertical coverage, the UDC does not even see the landing zone, being outside the difficultly suppressed enemy means. The main feature is wave massaging, helicopter and aircraft support (ideally), large helicopter assault forces at key points.

          The Chinese have 8 more DKVDs, which will help both massaging the helicopter assault and the amphibious group.

  8. zombee
    zombee April 27 2021 19: 31
    China, he's cool. Throughout its history, only the Swedes did not have it (they did not know about it). And so, even the Vietnamese border post was enough for the entire PLA
  9. Castro Ruiz
    Castro Ruiz April 27 2021 20: 24
    This UDC is being built for the conquest of TV.
  10. Pavel57
    Pavel57 April 28 2021 16: 53
    Quote: Kalmar
    Quote: Tlauicol
    they just work, and not rock the boat

    It's just that they have people in power who work for the result, and not for the development of budgets.

    Apparently you do not know everything about China. Hear Vavilov about China.
  11. xomaNN
    xomaNN 10 July 2021 10: 53
    Eight modern Type 071 UDCs were built and commissioned into the Navy. With a displacement of 25 thousand tons

    One can only envy the rise of the Chinese Navy and the increase in their shipbuilding capacity.
    It is not shameful for Russia to order in China a series of EMs of 6-8 tons. With our URO and so on. stuffing. You can partially complete it at our shipyards. With their pace of construction, in 5-7 years, ships of the ocean zone would appear on the Northern Fleet and TF.