Military Review

Complex CAVM / TSO-TA. Anti-tank mine for network-centric structures

33

Principles of using the CAVM / TSO-TA complex


The US Army launches the development of a promising anti-tank / anti-vehicle mine. Like some existing products, this mine will be able to independently attack and hit targets tens of meters from its position. At the same time, it will be supplemented with modern management tools operating on a network principle, which will provide a number of new opportunities.

New program


The Picatinny Arsenal begins development of the Common Anti-Vehicle Munition (CAVM) family of anti-tank and anti-vehicle mines. Within the framework of this project, it is planned to create a mine for attacking targets from above (Terrain Shaping Obstacle Top Attack or TSO-TA), ammunition to destroy the undercarriage and bottom, as well as communication and control systems to control minefields.

On April 1, Arsenal posted a request for proposals on the TSO-TA topic. The document indicates the general requirements for such weapons and the desired level of core performance. In the near future, it is planned to accept documents from potential developers and move to the design stage. The timing of the completion of development has not yet been specified.

According to the terms of reference, the TSO-TA mine will include a unified CAVM warhead and a Dispenser Launcher Module (DLM). Using unified control facilities, the mines will be connected via radio to the Remote Control Station (RCS).

Complex CAVM / TSO-TA. Anti-tank mine for network-centric structures
Serial mine M93 Hornet in combat position

The customer requires that the mine be able to be installed manually and mechanically. The product must be in standby mode for up to six months and in a firing position for up to 30 days. Each mine will control an area with a radius of 164 feet (50 m). The principle of operation of DLM and CAVM products is not specified, however, it is required that in terms of combat qualities they surpass the existing models of their class.

The RCS console must communicate with mines at a distance of up to 5 km and simultaneously monitor 12 minefields. Mines will report on their condition, the presence of targets in the area of ​​responsibility, etc. It should also be possible to temporarily disable the minefield.

Development of ideas


The TSO-TA / CAVM anti-tank mine should not be inferior in characteristics to existing models - we are talking about the M93 Hornet and XM204 products with an original design and operating principle. The announced composition of the promising complex clearly indicates plans to borrow the architecture and principles of operation of these mines.

M93 Hornet Wide Area Munitions (WAM) mines were developed in the nineties and have been supplied to the troops since the early XNUMXs. The family includes unified mines with the possibility of manual or mechanized installation to destroy armored vehicles or unprotected vehicles.


The combat element of the M93 mine strikes an armored object

The M93 product has a mass of up to 16 kg and is actually a launcher for firing a submunition. In a combat position, the mine uses seismic target sensors. When a large vehicle approaches at a distance of less than 100 m, infrared sensors are activated. By processing data from several sources, the control unit determines the range to the target and the direction to it. In parallel, the calculation of data for firing and guidance of the launcher is carried out by tilting to the desired angle and turning in the desired direction.

At the design moment, a combat element equipped with its own IR target sensor is fired. The element performs a simple maneuver and, once over the target, detonates the shaped charge. Formed impact core weighing 450 g hits the target from the upper hemisphere. The declared penetration is not less than 90 mm.

To date, a similar mine XM204 with higher characteristics has been developed. It is designed as a launcher for four submunitions and has more advanced electronics on a modern component base. However, the exact characteristics were not disclosed. The XM204 mine has already passed most of the necessary tests and will be put into service in the near future.

Practice and plans


It is known that the M93 Hornet mine showed a number of shortcomings during testing and development. The set of target sensors did not always cope with target detection and accurate determination of range and direction. There were also problems with targeting a combat element and hitting a target. Nevertheless, the refinement of the design led to the desired results, and a combat-ready model entered service. In addition, the fundamental possibility of creating a land mine that would strike a tank from above was confirmed.


Mina XM204 on military trials, August 2020

In the TSO-TA project, it is proposed to use a new cumulative warhead CAVM with increased penetration characteristics. Probably, it is also planned to increase the probability of target detection and the accuracy of its destruction, which will give advantages over the M93 and XM204. In this case, in all cases, the principle of hitting a target from the upper hemisphere - to the weakest part of the reservation is implemented.

However, the most interesting in the new project are the proposed systems and control loops, which can radically change the combat qualities and potential of both individual mines and the barrage as a whole. Two-way communication between mines and the remote control, first of all, will simplify the installation of the field and its preparation for work. In addition, the operator will be able to monitor the condition of the fence and take the necessary measures. The compilation of mining maps will be greatly simplified.

A minefield based on TSO-TA / CAVM can be temporarily disabled, for example, for the passage of its troops - and activated when an enemy appears. Mines with remote target sensors and radio communication will be able to warn the operator about the approach of the enemy, incl. with an approximate definition of the direction, number and composition of his forces.

A single RCS console will be able to control a large number of minefields, as well as communicate with higher-level elements of the army's control loops. Thus, a minefield based on the new TSO-TA will be able to become a full-fledged participant in network-centric army structures with all the potential advantages.


However, it is already clear that the new project may face serious problems and to some extent repeat the fate of the M93 and XM204. Their development turned out to be quite difficult, and the finished mines are expensive. The TSO-TA / CAVM product will receive additional controls, which complicates the project, increases the cost of the product and leads to new risks at all stages of the design.

At the start of work


At the moment, the program for the development of a new mine is at a very early stage. The Pentagon has identified the most general requirements for such a product and issued a request for proposals. Now potential developers will have to familiarize themselves with the requirements and form a possible appearance of the promising complex. Then the competitive part of the program will take place, the winner of which will continue to develop and in the future, perhaps even receive an order for the serial production of mines for the army.

It is not known which companies and organizations will offer their preliminary projects, and which of them will be chosen as winners. However, it is clear that this is one of the most interesting and promising projects of recent times. The advanced CAVM / TSO-TA mines being developed by the Picatinny Arsenal could seriously affect the capabilities of the US engineering forces. Of course, if the developers manage to overcome all difficulties and bring the project to the desired final.
Author:
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US Army, FAS
33 comments
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  1. Knell wardenheart
    Knell wardenheart April 8 2021 18: 48
    +6
    The idea is interesting BUT expensive (for a mine), large, too technologically advanced, potentially hackable, the striking element is inadequate and the countermeasures (the same anti-cumulative screen in some modified variations) is a fairly effective countermeasure.
    It is not entirely clear how this device will function in conditions of subzero temperatures and relatively high snowfall - a thick layer of snow will reduce the seismosensory radius and block the operation of stationary infrared sensors, not to mention the operation of the electronic filling at subzero temperatures.

    I believe that in the case of the development of a line of such devices - large high-tech mines, it will be very relevant to create a multicopter robot-sapper that searches for such mines by indirect indications.
    1. kapitan92
      kapitan92 April 8 2021 23: 19
      0
      Quote: Knell Wardenheart
      The idea is interesting BUT expensive (for a mine), large, too technological,

      The new development was undertaken in connection with the constantly improving protection of Russian and Chinese tanks.

      The idea is interesting and promising in my opinion. The topic of our NVU-P "Hunting".
      Is it expensive for a mine? The cost of a modern tank ranges from $ 2,6 to $ 12 million.
      Quote: Knell Wardenheart
      I believe that in the case of the development of a line of such devices - large high-tech mines, it will be very relevant to create a multicopter robot-sapper that searches for such mines by indirect indications.


      This is how the line develops.
      But about the multicopter robot sapper smile and even on indirect grounds.
      hi
      1. Knell wardenheart
        Knell wardenheart April 8 2021 23: 44
        0
        Well, I am purely theoretical - such a device should have an electronic filling and a battery - therefore it is possible to detect it by an electromagnetic field - using the same methods as looking for different "bugs". This equipment is quite liftable for a multicopter. Bandurina is metal and is likely to be detected by metal detecting equipment either in whole or in parts.
        I'm certainly not an expert, but some kind of plastic anti-personnel mine can be made hard to detect, but I doubt this big guy.

        Why Multicopter? The copter does not walk on the ground - unlike the sapper, it will not suffer from an anti-personnel mine, in the case of developing such a system controlled by a flexible wire or through a battery, there is the possibility of a methodical sectional search - the robot will not get tired and will not miss anything. Some small wheeled-tracked automatic platforms can have problems with cross-country ability - the copter can be made so that it flies at a relatively low altitude and the problem of an even or not very terrain is insignificant for it. The drone is much more compact and has better visibility than ground-based automatic platforms. I believe that the price for a copter will also be less than for wheeled counterparts.
        You didn't like the phrase "indirectly" - well, maybe it won't be as easy as I imagine. It is possible to train a neural network to detect traces of burying something, I read that such experiments were kind of carried out either in Serbia, or in Vietnam, or in Laos, just for the purpose of searching for old mines. There can be many options for indirect signs - the same color and density of vegetation at the site of a large metal object may differ slightly, etc.
      2. YOUR
        YOUR April 10 2021 12: 56
        0
        There is such a development as the M-225. But for some reason, they never put it into service. Weight 100 kg, height 1 m. Diameter 60 cm. 40 submunitions. The radius of destruction of one element is 17 m, + a shaped charge if it falls on the roof of an armored vehicle, penetrates 30 mm of armor
        The damaging elements are fragmentation-cumulative. The area affected by shrapnel is up to 25 sq. M.
        in the cocked state can be up to 30 days. It is buried in the ground to a depth of 70 cm above the top cover of the mine.
        The mine is equipped with a combined target detector, including seismic, magnetic and thermal sensors.
        It does not fall under the Mine Ban Treaty. mine control is carried out by the operator via a radio channel up to 10 km, via a wired 4 km.
        Equipped with an anti-handling device.
        When triggered, a cassette b / h takes off at an altitude of 40 to 60 meters, squibs are triggered and submunitions are scattered in an amount of 40 pieces at a distance of up to 100 meters.
    2. 3danimal
      3danimal April 8 2021 23: 25
      +2
      Anti-cumulative shield does not work against the impact core.
      We need a KAZ like the Israeli IronFist, capable of hitting shells in the upper hemisphere.
      Technologically advanced? The weapon is being created by one of the leading countries.
      Expensive? No, for the richest army in the world. In addition, the cost of the enemy tank is higher, and even more expensive is the fact that it will NOT complete the task, affecting the course of the battle.
      1. Knell wardenheart
        Knell wardenheart April 8 2021 23: 57
        0
        I proceeded from this statement
        Declared penetration not less than 90 mm
        Not very strong penetration for cumulative jet or impact ball. So shielding is in principle possible - the question is in the details, of course.

        I'm afraid that the KAZ will not have time to work here for sure - and even if it does, it is not a fact that it is effective. Distances too short.

        The dependence of a product on an array of technologies creates the more vulnerabilities, the more technologies its effectiveness depends on. For example, in BB2, a very effective solution was found against magnetic mines, albeit not immediately. In the current technological time, vulnerabilities will be found much faster.

        Each "golden bullet" has certain limits of effectiveness, beyond which it loses its factor significance, although it remains a formidable weapon. For example, a number of German equipment of the times of BB2 was more than good and effective, but the factorial significance of these samples often did not correspond to their cost relative to the factorial significance of other, less expensive ones. I am leading to the fact that "flooding with dough" does not always solve it.
        1. 3danimal
          3danimal April 9 2021 00: 07
          0
          shock core

          The impact core has a priori lower penetration. But it is not affected by the "screen".
          For example, a number of German equipment of the BB2 era was more than good and effective, but the factorial significance of these samples often did not correspond to their cost relative to the factorial significance of other, less expensive

          Following this logic, 3rd generation ATGMs are vulnerable and less effective. But this is not the case.
          To more primitive complexes, they are inferior only in price (it is higher).
          In turn, 2nd generation ATGMs are more tied to technology than 1st generation. However, no one produces the 1st already.
          1. Nikolaevich I
            Nikolaevich I April 9 2021 04: 36
            0
            Quote: 3danimal
            The impact core has a priori lower penetration. But it is not affected by the "screen".

            "Screen" affects the "shock core"; although it often doesn't "help"! A suitable screen affects (can influence), for example, a small-caliber armor-piercing projectile ("blank") or a bullet ... it simply deflects the striking element to the side, at an angle from the "strictly direct direction" thereof ...
      2. Nikolaevich I
        Nikolaevich I April 9 2021 05: 01
        0
        Quote: 3danimal
        Anti-cumulative shield does not work against the impact core.

        Anti-cumulative? Maybe ... but a screen with "calculation" for a "shock core" will be able to help in certain conditions, although I will not assure you of 100% efficiency (The meaning is this: an EFP penetrator can in some cases "approach" the armor perpendicular to the "longitudinal axis "(or almost ...) ... The screen can deflect the penetrator (longitudinal axis) by a certain angle by removing this" perpendicular "!)
        1. 3danimal
          3danimal April 9 2021 11: 53
          +1
          Along the way, it's a smashed armor request
        2. Passing
          Passing April 9 2021 20: 25
          +1
          The screen is completely out of topic here. The screen does not deploy the ammunition, it forces the cumulative ammunition to fire at a suboptimal distance, and also vibrates the jet (the metal in the jet is conditionally liquid) with its vibration, and, accordingly, the jet reaches the destabilized and fermented main armor. It doesn't work against the core, it's just a solid piece of copper.

          What can work in theory is a projectile DZ plate, but here the mass of the DZ element should be several times greater than the existing ones, and the meaning in DZ is lost, because there is no gain in mass compared to passive armor. KAZ is also dubious, because high-explosive or fragmentation are useless, but if you do it with a shock core, then maybe, but here the question is in the unreality of ensuring the accuracy "core to core.
          So it turns out that the only way out is to increase the armor, and we get a tank with a mass of 100 tons. To which no one will go. Therefore, this mine is the death of any promising tank.
          1. Nikolaevich I
            Nikolaevich I April 10 2021 01: 23
            0
            Quote: Passing by
            The screen is completely out of topic here. The screen does not unfold the ammunition, it forces the HEAT ammunition to fire at a non-optimal distance, as well as

            I did not consider the "topic": what is it for anti-cumulative screen and how it "works"! I talked about spaced armor, how it is used against armor-piercing bullets, small-caliber armor-piercing shells and how you can try to use the effect of spaced armor against “shock cores”! Is there a charge for the shock core? It turns out there is! The main disadvantage of standard ammunition shock cores is their destruction after interaction with a steel shield 3-5 mm thick. Behind such a screen, the nucleus is crushed into 25-30 fragments, which are distributed over an area with a diameter of 100 mm on an obstacle installed at a distance of 300 mm behind the screen. In this case, the penetrating effect of the resulting fragments does not exceed 10-12 mm. Or else ...In its natural form, hinged armor consists of a pair of thin steel plates spaced at some distance from each other and the main armor. These sheets do not serve to stop flying bullets, but only to deflect the direction of their flight as they penetrate through the sheets. As a result, the bullets hit the main armor at an angle, losing a significant part of their penetrating ability. If my memory serves me, then this type of spaced armor is used in the development of combat helicopters ...
            1. Passing
              Passing April 10 2021 13: 23
              +1
              Ok, I realized that you are in the subject, but I don’t know you, and as you write, so I understand you, literally;))) If you ever mentioned the word "spaced armor", I would understand your "screen" as you wanted.
              Quote: Nikolaevich I
              the main disadvantage of shock cores of standard ammunition is their destruction after interaction with a steel shield 3-5 mm thick. Behind such a screen, the nucleus is crushed into 25-30 fragments, which are distributed over an area with a diameter of 100 mm on an obstacle installed at a distance of 300 mm behind the screen. In this case, the penetrating effect of the resulting fragments does not exceed 10-12 mm.

              This cartoon thrown in by Rastopshin, who is still a dreamer, has extremely dubious value. Those. Perhaps there were some experiments where some exotic configuration of the materials of the core and the screen gave such a scatter, but we are not interested in a horse in a vacuum, we are interested in how it is realized intellectually. And such data are available, and directly contradict Rastopshin's statement about the wild "spattering" of the kernel after the screen:
              1) For starters, Veremeyev's quote known on the Internet:
              When testing the T-72 tank for armor resistance to the TM-83 mine, it was found that the shock core pierced the side screen, the side, the opposite side, the opposite side screen.

              Those. not even a screen, but relatively speaking super-spaced (by three meters) armor did not lead to a dramatic drop in armor penetration.
              2) And in order to completely eliminate the factor of a damaged phone, a la Comrade Rastopshin, I will give extremely specific experimental data
              http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1679-78252017000601064

              There, a study was made of the dispersion of elements of a multinuclear ammunition when two spaced one and a half centimeter plates were penetrated, and specifically in Table 2, the penetration of the second plate is visible. No fragmentation was observed from the first slab.

              So no, there are no controls for shock balls, and in the foreseeable future it is not expected. IMHO.
              1. Nikolaevich I
                Nikolaevich I April 10 2021 14: 49
                +1
                Yes, indeed, many people are critical of Rastopshin, and often he deserves it, as he is often "carried over"! And if we abstract from his personal conclusions and assume that the factual data (figures) were taken by him from a serious source? I, too, have doubts about the fact that the crushing of the "shock nucleus" (UYa) is a "ubiquitous" phenomenon (!) ... but it is possible that cases "took place"! And, at least one "case" has been described, more or less. in detail. You cited a snippet:When testing the T-72 tank for armor resistance to the TM-83 mine, it was found that the shock core pierced the side screen, the side, the opposite side, the opposite side screen.
                1. And now let's continue this example ... A mine with a charge diameter of 40 cm at a distance of 15 m, according to the "idea", should make a hole of about 10 cm ... But judging by the description, the outlet had a diameter of 3-3,5 cm ... It can be assumed that the fragmentation of the UYa did occur! And the hole was made by the largest "splinter" (fragment) of the once integral UYA!
                2. Upon impact, the armor and UY behave like amorphous materials ... you can try to crush UY materials that do not exhibit the properties of amorphous materials upon impact or exhibit "delay"! That is, using ceramic "lattice" panels or perforated steel plates ... you can also combine these materials!
                1. Passing
                  Passing April 10 2021 15: 31
                  +2
                  Quote: Nikolaevich I
                  A mine with a charge diameter of 40 cm at a distance of 15 m, according to the "idea", should make a hole of about 10 cm ... But judging by the description, the outlet had a diameter of 3-3,5 cm ...

                  Indeed, the diameter is too small, I did not notice. But there may be different options, for example, the consumption of the core material for the passage of the first slab. Or, indeed, fragmentation has occurred. Unknown.
                  Quote: Nikolaevich I
                  yes, use ceramic "lattice" panels or perforated steel plates ... you can also combine these materials !!

                  IMHO, you can't just make a lattice ceramic screen. Ceramic does not work without backing. Rather, it works, but when the thickness is horse, it supports itself.
                  And the perforated screens themselves work well, as far as I remember, when the ratio of the hole to the projectile is 1: 2. Those. it is enough to have in service two or three types of mines with impact nuclei of different diameters to bring the situation to uncertainty. Those. if you look at it in a complex, the meaning in its application is questionable.
                  But ceramics with a very strong metal support (for ease and additional possibility of fragmentation in the event of a break-through - a honeycomb type), this is an interesting idea. In theory, tk. the core is plastic, then it will spread wider, because ceramic dust "spreads" much worse, forming a wide, but not deep funnel.
                  But these are my and your hypotheses, how it really is, is unknown.
  2. Proctologist
    Proctologist April 8 2021 18: 51
    -1
    A promising thing against bearded men. Sowing the territory with smart mines relatively cheaply and you feel safe turning off minefields when your convoys move. An equal enemy will use electronic warfare on its territory and in the offensive zone and neutralize everything that is sown.
    1. 3danimal
      3danimal April 8 2021 23: 27
      +1
      Again the sect of the electronic warfare witnesses.
      Electronic warfare is not a magic electronic burner, ask how it works.
  3. Cowbra
    Cowbra April 8 2021 18: 52
    +1
    Extremely expensive piece of iron will turn out. You have a whole launch complex there with homing, and even with multi-factor guidance. Well, to make it absolutely delicious - uncovered architecture. What works for input-output - you can always suppress electronic warfare. The only question is in the details
  4. Ros 56
    Ros 56 April 8 2021 18: 56
    +2
    A good and expensive thing, but they will come up with some kind of jammer against it and ...... how will they work?
  5. Andrey Korotkov
    Andrey Korotkov April 8 2021 19: 05
    +1
    A dangerous hopper is being developed, theoretically MDR ,, Foliage, should cope, but this complex is engaged by Yars and Topols
    1. Nikolaevich I
      Nikolaevich I April 9 2021 04: 25
      -2
      Quote: Andrey Korotkov
      theoretically MDR ,, Foliage ,, should cope

      Will not cope! The purpose of "Foliage" is different! The "rat-bomb" mine can be triggered at a distance of up to 100 m from the target and from the side (away from the road ...)!
      1. Andrey Korotkov
        Andrey Korotkov April 9 2021 07: 55
        +1
        Quote: Nikolaevich I
        Quote: Andrey Korotkov
        theoretically MDR ,, Foliage ,, should cope

        Will not cope! The purpose of "Foliage" is different! The "rat-bomb" mine can be triggered at a distance of up to 100 m from the target and from the side (away from the road ...)!

        The characteristics of the Foliage are up to 100m, the radius is ~ 30grd, I do not argue with you, I will replace the word theoretically with hypothetically.
        1. Nikolaevich I
          Nikolaevich I April 9 2021 12: 15
          0
          Quote: Andrey Korotkov
          The characteristics of the Foliage are up to 100m, the radius is ~ 30grd, I do not argue with you, I will replace the word theoretically with hypothetically.

          Agreed! yes
        2. Moore
          Moore April 10 2021 09: 16
          0
          I will theoreticalize a little more. If you put a cargo model (training chassis) in front of the column, I suppose you can achieve triggering of this high-tech frog (fortunately, it does not have video cameras) and successfully break through the water tank.

          Upon receipt of such a result, take at least organizational measures - organize a pedestrian search. Yes, and the cargo model can, I suppose, go further - to collect surprises.
          1. Andrey Korotkov
            Andrey Korotkov April 10 2021 09: 24
            0
            Quote: Moore
            I will theoreticalize a little more. If you put a cargo model (training chassis) in front of the column, I suppose you can achieve triggering of this high-tech frog (fortunately, it does not have video cameras) and successfully break through the water tank.

            Upon receipt of such a result, take at least organizational measures - organize a pedestrian search. Yes, and the cargo model can, I suppose, go further - to collect surprises.

            Not so much training but unmanned-remote as an option hi
            1. Moore
              Moore April 10 2021 09: 30
              +1
              As I understand it, this device is aimed exclusively at the upper hemisphere or chassis and the mechanic drive is of no interest to it - the medal "For Courage" at the end of the march and continue to serve.
              A drone from MZKT is not even tomorrow. And the "barrel" - here it is. hi
              1. Andrey Korotkov
                Andrey Korotkov April 10 2021 09: 37
                +1
                Quote: Moore
                As I understand it, this device is aimed exclusively at the upper hemisphere or chassis and the mechanic drive is of no interest to it - the medal "For Courage" at the end of the march and continue to serve.
                A drone from MZKT is not even tomorrow. And the "barrel" - here it is. hi

                I don't argue at all. MZKT I think as the young people say - a cannon! I worked with them, I was of course engaged, I was at the plant in 2000, I still have impressions, whoever says what Lukashenka is krasava
  6. Olfred
    Olfred April 8 2021 21: 25
    0
    control mines by radio

    that is, it can potentially be muffled, of course, if you know about the location of the DATA minefields ...
    More reminiscent of the development of the themes of our NVU-P "Okhota" and the American XM-7 "Spider", only for large and heavy targets
    Expensive for mass use, with its own specifics and disadvantages ...
    IMHO, except that you can protect yourself from broads)))
    hi
  7. Alexander Betonkin
    Alexander Betonkin April 8 2021 23: 25
    0
    Expensive, but practical? Knowing the approximate installation of these mines (reconnaissance), a radio-controlled armored unit is transported in the convoy, capable of creating ground vibrations that correspond to tank characteristics. Before the intended area of ​​responsibility, the unit starts up - and let these mines hammer it until it turns blue.
  8. Konstantin Gogolev
    Konstantin Gogolev April 8 2021 23: 40
    0
    M 93.

    Installation restrictions:
    * The maximum inclination of the installed mine is 15 degrees;
    * hole depth - no more than 21 cm (preferably on the surface of the earth);
    * the minimum hole diameter is 91 cm.
    * local items up to 1 m high - no closer than 3 meters from the mine;
    up to 2.5 m - no closer than 5 meters from the mine;
    up to 6.5 m - no closer than 15 meters from the mine;
    up to 25 m - no closer than 25 meters from the mine.

    Tests carried out in September 1997 gave the result - out of six mines, only three reacted to the T-72 tank, of which only one hit the target. Tests in January 1998 - out of six planted mines, three mines were found on the target. Of these, one mine launched a warhead in the wrong direction, one warhead missed and one hit the target. The tests revealed a significant effect on the combat work of mines of both low and high temperatures, strong winds (more than 5 m / sec.), Snowfall, rain, smoke (dust). Also, the operation of the radio control panel is strongly influenced by radio jammers, unauthorized radio emissions (radio stations, television stations, radars, closely working spark gaps, high-voltage networks, spark plugs of automobile motors, etc.).
    Capricious girl. Ambient temperature limits Wednesday (over 38 ° C - the term of combat service drops by 2 times, frost also does not like it).
    The price is decent. 1 PC. - over $ 52.000 (20 years ago).
    Probably good enough for terrorists and sabotage. IRD (engineering reconnaissance patrol) does not depart for a long distance from the road. EW can only help.

    A couple of years ago, ours began the production of a modern analogue, there is a larger radius, it tolerates frost better. The high temperature is worse and I do not know whether the issue of the network console (and just the possibilities of the network) was solved or not.
    1. Nikolaevich I
      Nikolaevich I April 9 2021 05: 07
      +1
      Quote: Konstantin Gogolev
      A couple of years ago, ours began production of a modern analogue

      In fact, an ammunition similar to the PTKM-1r was created, in my opinion, back in the 90s ... I mean the Temp-30 prototype ...
  9. riwas
    riwas April 9 2021 05: 08
    +1
    We have a cheaper option - the M-225 engineering ammunition with a cluster warhead to defeat manpower and armored vehicles (30 mm of armor on top). If necessary, it can be modified to penetrate more armor. It is equipped with a combined target sensor that includes seismic, magnetic and thermal sensors. The detection radius from the laying point is 150-250 m.If the mine is on alert, then when a target enters the detection zone, the sensors inform the control panel about the nature of the object (man, machine), the number of targets, speed and direction of movement, distance to the point of destruction ... The control panel processes the incoming signals and gives the operator recommendations: which of the mines on alert should be detonated, and which mines in the passive mode should be put on alert. If the targets are simultaneously in the affected areas of several mines, then recommendations are issued which of them should be detonated. The mine can be made autonomous by connecting to it the control unit of the set of antipersonnel mines "Okhota".
    Engineering ammunition M-225 is a cylinder 60 cm in diameter, about a meter high and weighing about 100 kg. The mine is installed underground to a depth of 60 cm from the mine cover. The mine includes forty submunitions deployed on a platform with a jet engine. The height of the shot is 45-60 m. The zone of continuous destruction of one mine is a circle with a diameter of 170-190 m. The radius of control of a mine by a radio remote control is up to 10 km, a wired one - up to 4 km. The remote control can operate for up to 100 minutes at a time. The time of combat duty is 30 days.
    Each submunition is 16 cm high and 6,5 cm in diameter. Two types of submunitions are used: fragmentation and cumulative. The radius of destruction of manpower by shrapnel - 17 m, armor - 30 mm.
    For this mine, the plant has developed a mine installer based on ZIL-131 or KamAZ-4310. It contains: a drilling rig, crane equipment for installing mines and equipment for testing mines.



  10. riwas
    riwas April 9 2021 05: 14
    +1
    At one time we were shown the US film "Weapons of the Future", Discovery Channel - Future Weaps. They talked about the Intelligent Munitions System (IMS) - an intelligent weapon system. In one block of which several anti-tank and anti-personnel (for self-defense) modules are combined. After firing the module with a mine, the latter attacks the target from above. One module "covers" an area of ​​10000 m2. The unit can operate autonomously or under the control of an operator.