Military Review

From "Orion" to "Okhotnik": the most powerful drone UAVs in Russia

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From "Orion" to "Okhotnik": the most powerful drone UAVs in Russia

The success of the Russian Federation in the development of attack unmanned aerial vehicles has become a fait accompli. If earlier such machines were only in the plans, now it is clear that the same "Orion" may well be used in battle.


As for the devices of the heavier class, a long road of testing has been prepared for them. And, besides, the military only has to determine the role that they will play in a hypothetical war.

The main Russian attack UAVs "today" and "tomorrow" are already known. It is impossible to exclude the appearance of new products. However, there are obviously key projects that the country will still try to bring to a fully operational state.

"Orion"


(The characteristics of the export version of "Orion" are presented).

Developer: company "Kronshtadt"
A type: medium-altitude long-duration UAV
Length: 8 m
Wingspan: 16 m
Takeoff weight: 1000 kg
Combat load weight: 200 kg
Engine: Rotax 914
Cruising speed: 120-200 kilometers per hour
Flight duration: 24 hours (with a load of 60 kg).


Photo: bmpd.livejournal.com

Developed since 2011 by order of the Russian Ministry of Defense, the device has come a long way.

The first complex of the Ministry of Defense was handed over last year: two control vehicles and three UAVs. In the Russian armed forces, he received a not too familiar for most amateurs aviation the designation "Pacing" (somewhat strange choice, it must be admitted). According to the department, in 2021, the Russian army will receive seven such complexes.

The most important stage of the project was the testing of the UAV in Syria.

Corresponding footage of Vesti Nedeli was presented this year. On the fuselage of one of the aircraft, 38 stars could be seen with letter markings "B", "P" and "P", which means "Combat", "Reconnaissance" and another designation of an unknown type. Based on this, it can be assumed that in total the UAV performed 17 combat missions.

According to the data presented at the "Army-2020" exhibition, the device's armament includes small high-precision ammunition of domestic production, as well as unguided bombs. Among them are the KAB-20 adjustable small-sized aircraft bomb, the KAB-50 adjustable small-sized aircraft bomb, the Kh-50 small-sized guided missile and the UPAB-50 guided gliding bomb.

According to information from open sources, the mass of the KAB-20S is approximately 20 kilograms, and the warhead weighs seven kilograms. The guidance system is satellite.

"Altius-RU"


Developer: Design Bureau named after Simonov (later - Ural Civil Aviation Plant)
A type: UAV of long duration of flight
Length: 12 meters
Wingspan: about 30 meters
Maximum take-off weight: 6 tons
Combat load weight: 2 tonnes
Speed: in the region of 200 kilometers per hour
Flight duration: 48 hours.


Photo: Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation / mil.ru

History UAV "Altius" is very long (even by Russian standards). And in a way, she looks like an adventure detective.

OKM named after Simonov began to create the device in 2011 (the UAV had the designation "Altair"). In 2018, the project was transferred to the Ural Civil Aviation Plant.

The contract for the supply of the first batch of such devices to the Russian army was signed in 2021.

“As part of the implementation of the state contract for R&D (development work)“ Altius-RU ”for the development of UAVs by a separate subdivision No. 2 of JSC“ Ural Civil Aviation Plant ”(UZGA) in Kazan, the protection and closure of the“ Technical design ”stage was successfully completed.

A state contract has been signed for the manufacture and supply of a pilot batch of UAVs ",

- In February, the edition "Interfax" brought materials to the report of the Minister of Industry of Tatarstan Albert Karimov.

Among the features of BLPA are elements of artificial intelligence and the ability to interact with manned aircraft.

"Thunder"


Developer: company "Kronshtadt"
A type: high-speed strike UAV
Length: 13,8 meters
Wingspan: 10 meters
Take-off weight: 7 tons
Combat load weight: up to 2 tons
Speed: up to 1000 kilometers per hour
Range: 800 kilometer.


Model of the drone "Thunder". Photo: group "Kronstadt"

For the first time presented at the forum "Army-2020" the shock UAV "Thunder" has often made people talk about itself lately.

Mainly, this concerns its potential. According to data released in March by a source in the military-industrial complex, one such device will be able to control ten UAVs "Molniya", which can be launched by another aircraft carrier.

“The returnees are reconnaissance drones.

Shock, as in the case of loitering ammunition, - kamikaze.

"Lightning" will constantly communicate with each other and the drone carrier ",

- said the company "Kronstadt" later.

The drone itself is also quite remarkable.

It is assumed that he will be able to have weapons at four points of suspension: two of them will be located under the wings and two more - inside the fuselage.

Thunder will be able to carry the new X-38 air-to-surface missiles, which theoretically will bring its capabilities closer to the potential of manned fighter-bombers (the mass of the combat load of the latter, however, is still much more significant). In addition to the Kh-38, the UAV will be able to use the latest product 85 missile and the KAB-250 and KAB-500 guided bombs.

Among the most interesting features is the ability to work in conjunction with fighters, including the fifth generation Su-57 fighter. It is assumed that the "Thunder" will fly at a distance of about 200 kilometers in front of the manned aircraft, conducting reconnaissance and reducing risks to the controlled aircraft.

Unlike "Altius" and "Orion", this UAV exists so far only as a project.

Nevertheless, now it is among the most promising Russian developments of this type.

"Hunter"


(Estimated characteristics).

A type: high-speed attack UAV of a heavy class
Developer: Design Bureau named after P.O. Sukhoi
Length: 14 meters
Wingspan: 19 meters
Take-off weight: about 25 tons
Combat load weight: from 3 to 8 tons
Speed: up to 1000 kilometers per hour
Range: about 6000 kilometers.


The Hunter is the heaviest, most expensive and heavily armed Russian UAV.

Of all the unmanned aerial vehicles listed above, it is perhaps the only one capable of becoming a kind of "revolution" in the world of unmanned aerial vehicles.

At the moment, no country in the world is armed with anything that would be even remotely similar to it in terms of its capabilities.

However, they are still more hypothetical. And by the time (if) Russia launches it into series production, the West and China may already have their own heavy UAVs of this class ready.

Strictly speaking, now there is no common understanding of what exactly the new apparatus will be.

At various times it was called a strike complex, an unmanned wingman and even an interceptor. Obviously, the most logical role is a reconnaissance and strike UAV.

According to data announced in February, now, in addition to the already flying prototype, three more such drones are being built.

Therefore, most likely, we will soon learn more about this, no doubt, a landmark project for Russia.
Author:
Photos used:
Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, Vesti
32 comments
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  1. Thrifty
    Thrifty 25 March 2021 18: 10
    +5
    Ilya, where does the information about 8 tons of PN come from, if 2 tons are declared? He did not suit the military with this, but even a new modification with a flatter fuselage will not take more than 3,5 tons of PN into the inner compartment. And, the external suspension - according to the original plans, for ammunition - was not planned.
    1. OgnennyiKotik
      OgnennyiKotik 25 March 2021 18: 46
      +3
      Quote: Thrifty
      from where information about 8 tons of PN

      From here https://russian.rt.com/russia/article/655955-ohotnik-bespilotnik-ispytaniya
      This is the opinion of "expert" Eduard Baghdasaryan:
      In an interview with RT, a member of the Association of Operators and Developers of Unmanned Aircraft Systems Eduard Bagdasaryan said that There are no analogues of the Hunter in the world yet. “By the nature of the tasks it performs, the Hunter is close to the American RQ-4 Global Hawk, but structurally they are completely different machines. "Hunter" will be able to lift up to 7-8 tons of ammunition into the air - almost like a combat fighter-bomber. No other military drone in the world has such capabilities "


      See the characteristics of the X-47B, the Hunter ± will be the same.
      1. Thrifty
        Thrifty 25 March 2021 19: 09
        +2
        Fiery cat-Baghdasaryan blasted nonsense without thinking! Only on the external suspension, and in the internal compartment, it is possible to place a similar load, but, firstly, will the engine pull, will the drone not actually "crawl" with such a load? Second, the military wants the PN to be only in the inner compartment to keep it invisible!
        1. Vladimir Basov
          Vladimir Basov April 30 2021 19: 23
          0
          Excuse me, but where is stealth?
      2. Israel
        Israel 26 March 2021 11: 11
        +2
        Again "there are no analogues", wait until the Hunter comes to the series and adoption.
    2. knn54
      knn54 25 March 2021 19: 03
      +2
      By the way, the Kronshtadt company is 100% private - in 2015 it was bought out by the AFK Sistema holding. Investments were made at once, the products are promising.
  2. The leader of the Redskins
    The leader of the Redskins 25 March 2021 18: 16
    0
    Not an article, but continuous praises. I, too, am an optimist. But what would I write like that ... With such pathos ...
    Let's not say "gop"! Did you agree?
  3. Victor Tsenin
    Victor Tsenin 25 March 2021 18: 20
    +5
    I don’t understand about Thunder in any way, it is returnable, i.e. has a chassis / ski / something else or is it disposable?

    > At the moment, no country in the world is armed with anything that would be even remotely similar to it in terms of its capabilities.
    But what about the so-called. the beast of Kandahar aka Sentinel?
    1. Grits
      Grits 27 March 2021 02: 37
      0
      Quote: Victor Tsenin
      At the moment, no country in the world is armed with anything that would be even remotely similar to it in terms of its capabilities.

      I just want to shout "Halva, Halva" !. But for some reason it is not sweet looking at the Americans. And they started developing, producing and using these devices decades ago. It is impossible to become a leader in such a high-tech area in a short time, being for a long time not only in the role of catch-up, but in general, lying on the sidelines.
      1. Souchastnik
        Souchastnik April 15 2021 14: 48
        0
        being for a long time not only in the role of catch-up, but in general, lying at the side of the

        I would not make such categorical statements. We have problems with funding, brain drain and lack of these in some of the leadership.
        But we also have a Soviet backlog, not numerous, but very competent specialists and natural ingenuity. So don't cry (don't rejoice) ahead of time.
      2. Maikcg
        Maikcg 1 June 2021 14: 38
        0
        Tu-123 from 1964 to 1980, supersonic bljad, cruising M = 2.5, there are still no analogues, Tu-141 began to operate in 79, Tu-143 has been in operation since 82.
        these devices dozens of years ago

        decades ago they won the cold war, nothing at all, nothing important
  4. Bez 310
    Bez 310 25 March 2021 18: 32
    +11
    Funny and sad ...
  5. Monster_Fat
    Monster_Fat 25 March 2021 18: 33
    -5
    The success of the Russian Federation in the development of attack unmanned aerial vehicles has become a fait accompli. If earlier such machines were only in the plans, now it is clear that the same Orion is quite can used in battle.

    As for the devices of the heavier class, they have prepared long road of tests.

    I agree:
    The success of the Russian Federation in the development of attack unmanned aerial vehicles has become a fait accompli. yes
    1. Cosm22
      Cosm22 25 March 2021 21: 58
      +4
      This fact certainly pleases us.
      But it also raises questions.
      How many units of these unparalleled copies in the world are in the troops?
      In production?
      How many Orions and Hunters were produced last month?
      How much will be released in this?
      The next one?
      Maybe sometimes you shouldn't chase UAVs that have no analogues in the world, but calmly and methodically release models with average performance characteristics, as the Turks do?
      These performance characteristics are successfully enough to smash military equipment, including air defense systems, into the trash. The war in Karabakh clearly showed this.
      How to fight today?
      Tomorrow?
      1. alexmach
        alexmach 26 March 2021 18: 44
        0
        How many units of these unparalleled copies in the world are in the troops?
        In production?
        How many Orions and Hunters were produced last month?
        How much will be released in this?
        The next one?

        The answers to your questions are in open sources .. they were published right here on VO.
        Maybe sometimes you shouldn't chase UAVs that have no analogues in the world, but calmly and methodically release models with average performance characteristics, as the Turks do?

        It seems that they do not?
      2. Maikcg
        Maikcg 1 June 2021 14: 43
        0
        More than 900 unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have been delivered to the Russian army since 2012. This is stated in the collection prepared by the Ministry of Defense "The main results of the activities of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation in 2012-2020", which is at the disposal of TASS.
    2. DominickS
      DominickS 9 June 2021 08: 01
      0
      Yeah. Now you need to launch at least one in a series, and not boast about renders and layouts.
  6. Flooding
    Flooding 25 March 2021 18: 38
    +7
    By chance, this author wrote the text for the advertisement of Domestos?
    Destroys 99,999% of known microbes.
  7. Ros 56
    Ros 56 25 March 2021 18: 38
    +8
    Engine: Rotax 914

    And this name does not bother anyone, and for the rest they did not even give information. As far as I understand, only the Hunter has our engine, or what?
    1. Vladimir Basov
      Vladimir Basov April 30 2021 19: 22
      0
      So I would also like to learn more about it, but judging by the nozzle, the engine may be from our dryers ..
  8. Radikal
    Radikal 25 March 2021 18: 53
    +2
    "Altius-RU"
    Developer: Simonov Design Bureau (later - Ural Civil Aviation Plant)
    In addition -
    https://zen.yandex.ru/media/bigwar/altius-zagadochnyi-bespilotnik-kazanskih-konstruktorov-603be92d6cd9133fa661e7bb
  9. Alexey Zigalov
    Alexey Zigalov 25 March 2021 20: 10
    +3
    Ilya, colleagues Your approach 40, 30, 20 years ago, the approach is a fighter pilot, a transport pilot, etc. Let's say you made an aircraft flying without a pilot. Simple, reliable in production like a Kalashnikov assault rifle. What a combat load is 2-2.5 tons. Takeoff 6 tons. Why, it is cheaper to manufacture, flies in pairs, fours, etc. This makes it easier to complete the task and harder to shoot down. To drive takeoff weight or combat load like a manned one is nonsense of our theorists. The more weight, the more money you can master ...
    1. OgnennyiKotik
      OgnennyiKotik 25 March 2021 21: 06
      +2
      Absolutely agree. Projects like the C-70 just cut the budget. It doesn't respond to modern threats. We need massive, relatively cheap projects. Thunder and Argument, in principle, meet these requirements. There is also a Probe, but it's a little about something else.


      1. Alexey Zigalov
        Alexey Zigalov 25 March 2021 22: 05
        +2
        Thank you for understanding what I said. Our UAV theorists have already lost 10 years and it is already very difficult to catch up. Until they change the concept of using UAVs (flocks, swarms, etc.), nothing will work.
        1. OgnennyiKotik
          OgnennyiKotik 25 March 2021 22: 17
          0
          In fact, here you can catch up on a bend, the "west" also lost a lot of time on research and understanding what is needed. Without spending resources all the way, it is necessary to take advantage of the conclusions and develop the most promising areas. But this requires a different military-political leadership, which will be guided by the criteria of efficiency and benefit for the country, and not its own pocket,
        2. Israel
          Israel 26 March 2021 11: 39
          +3
          Why are you so worried that Russia has lost there in 10 years, "radio-controlled corn" is not the most difficult task for a country that serially produces almost the entire spectrum of aircraft that can be.
          Look at Israel and the US on what the Air Force is banking on. UAVs are good when the enemy does not have sane air defense. And the situation is the same with swarms, all this will work as long as the enemy does not have air defense.

          Saudi Arabia cannot do anything with the Houthis, the latter recently shot down the MQ-9 Reaper.
      2. ammunition
        ammunition 26 March 2021 12: 53
        0
        Quote: OgnennyiKotik
        Need massive relatively cheap projects.

        fellow Yesterday we needed not projects, but real weapons (unmanned vehicles) in the troops. Massively repeat .. and that tactics and technique of application are worked out, and that it is simple and effective.
        1) reconnaissance
        2) drones-ammunition (kamikaze)
        3) drums.
        And their combinations and that trained operators .. And that thousands were in the staff and in the boxes. winked
  10. mvg
    mvg 25 March 2021 23: 47
    +3
    An article or a commission, or an author really, um ... an optimist, to put it mildly, but really .. I don't want to offend a young man.
    1. Alexey Zigalov
      Alexey Zigalov 26 March 2021 09: 15
      +3
      On a bend you can, but with whom and how? Two factors. LA and brains. You can make an aircraft yourself, you can copy it from an adversary. They won't sell you brains. Artificial intelligence is the most buzzword combination, but what is it? Horizontal flight - no, bend, barrel, slide, no, this is a formula. What is a UAV for? save pilots. The war is won by the rapid reproduction of weapons. The tactics of warfare. The main thing in a war is the conquest of air superiority. This means that our UAV must protect its own air defense, for example, a shell for reloading (Libya, Armenia, Syria). Fight enemy planes, helicopters, cruise missiles and UAVs, the second destroy enemy air defense, the third enemy armored vehicles, the fourth enemy ships and aircraft carriers. And it is possible, but this is not a UAV, but an autonomously flying combat complex. And it is possible to do it, Basic is one, but there are many options. It should not be 20-30-40-50 tons, it is easier to knock down, it costs more, etc. Kronstadt refused to listen to this topic, Kalashnikov, Russian helicopters were simply kicked out, the KLA said you were late, we have already done ??? It's not funny. We are again like in Finnish, until we spill blood, we will not start thinking.
      1. mvg
        mvg 26 March 2021 21: 54
        0
        Two factors. LA and brains

        Simplified greatly. No radar, no engines, no electronics, no ammunition in normal, non-monstrous form factors, no stealth technology, no sensors, no communication, and no experience in using UAVs. No frames.
        PS: For what we will not undertake (not only UAVs) we are constantly trying to get a "death star): Armata, TAVKR 1143 (both an aircraft carrier and a cruiser), Su-57 (generation 6 ++), Poseidon, Burevestnik, Zircon ... and earlier, Granites, Volcanoes, Burany ...
    2. ammunition
      ammunition 26 March 2021 12: 57
      0
      Quote: mvg
      really .. I don't want to offend the young man.

      let's not offend the young one. .. Click on the star (+) article. Let's praise the young one! The topic is important. Well done author!
      1. mvg
        mvg 26 March 2021 21: 49
        +1
        Click on the star (+) article

        I click "plus signs" when the article is objective, written by a professional or a person who understands the topic, plus there are some real numbers.
        This article contains none of the above, and "minuses" are not put behind the article.
        PS: None of the UAVs are in the army, at least in some quantity. A couple of projects were initially stillborn ... but they paint that, here, on a bend, we will bypass both the Chinese and the Americans, but Israel and Turkey are already far behind ... Something like this.