Military Review

Interim results of production of T-90M "Breakthrough" tanks

41

One of the T-90Ms transferred to the Taman division in April 2020


In 2017, the research and production corporation Uralvagonzavod received the first order from the Ministry of Defense for the construction of new tanks T-90M "Breakthrough" and the update of the available vehicles before this modification. In the future, new agreements were concluded, as well as deliveries of finished equipment were carried out. Another batch of modernized T-90Ms went to the customer the other day, showing that the program for updating the tank fleet is gaining momentum.

Plans and orders


The first contract for the production of the T-90M MBT was signed at the Army-2017 forum. The Ministry of Defense ordered the delivery of 30 armored vehicles of this type, but the specifics of the production were not reported. Later, the press cited unofficial data, according to which all 30 tanks will be built from scratch. In addition, information was published about 10 new-built vehicles and 20 modernized T-90s from the presence of the army. Delivery of the ordered tanks was expected in 2018-19.

At Army-2018, the Ministry of Defense issued a number of new large contracts to the industry. NPK Uralvagonzavod received an order for another 30 T-90M tanks with the start of deliveries in 2019. It was not reported which tanks were discussed, new or modernized.

In 2019, again at the Army forum, the largest contract to date was signed. It provides for the modernization of 100 T-90A MBTs from the presence of armed forces to the state of the T-90M. According to media reports, another such order was planned to be issued in 2020, but this did not happen - or the contract was signed in a closed format.


Thus, to date, 160 T-90M tanks have been contracted. This number includes up to several dozen new-built armored vehicles. Also, at least 100-110 T-90 (A) tanks taken from combat units will be repaired and modernized. News last year, we can expect the emergence of new large contracts, at least for dozens of tanks.

Implementation of plans


For unknown reasons, the construction and modernization of tanks fell behind the previously announced schedule. The first T-90Ms were expected by the end of 2018, but work on this batch of equipment was completed only next year. In September 2019, the command of the ground forces announced the start of deliveries of the T-90M, although it did not disclose details.

In March last year, it became known about the completion of the construction of the first batch of T-90M. This technique was sent to Moscow to participate in the Victory Parade. Then it was planned to transfer it into full operation in one of the parts.

A few weeks later, in mid-April, the Ministry of Defense announced the arrival of the T-90M in the combat unit. The 2nd Guards Taman Motorized Rifle Division received the first batch of such MBT. Further reports indicated that the Taman division had received new-built tanks. In November, the divisions handed over the second batch of equipment. The total number of delivered tanks was not officially announced. According to unofficial estimates, at least 20 units were received.


Tank of the last batch

Soon, a few days later, the media published plans to upgrade the cash T-90A to T-90M. It was argued that the first MBT for such an update would be taken from the park of the 7th military base in Gudauta and transferred to the contractor. In the future, the updated T-90M will have to enter the unnamed parts of the ZVO. Presumably, they are planned to be transferred to the 27th separate motorized rifle brigade (Moscow region) and the 6th separate tank brigade (Nizhny Novgorod region).

At the end of February, the Ministry of Defense revealed plans for rearmament for the current year. Delivery of a new batch of T-90M tanks of an unnamed size is expected this year. Some of these supplies are destined for the Kazan Tank School. However, the number and timing of the supply of tanks to the school were not named.

On March 1, Uralvagonzavod announced the completion of work on the next batch of tanks. She was handed over to the customer in the person of the military department and sent by rail to the place of service. The batch sizes are unknown, and the published photos show no more than two tanks at the same time. It can be assumed that these MBTs went to Kazan as part of the implementation of existing plans.

Thus, by now - over the past year - the industry has transferred to the troops three batches of armored vehicles with a total number of several dozen. This allows us to assume that NPK UVZ, despite the known delays and difficulties, coped with the implementation of the first order from 2017 and is ready to release new batches under the following contracts. In particular, now we can expect an increase in supply volumes due to the massive modernization of tanks from stock.


Quantitative indicators


According to open data, at the moment in the combat units of our armed forces there are approx. 350 main tanks T-90 (A). Up to 200 armored vehicles of these types, mostly of old production, are in storage. With all its advantages, such a technique in the past could not become truly massive and crowd out other types of MBT.

There are contracts for the construction of several dozen new T-90M tanks - at least 30 units. In the future, new similar orders may appear. As a result of their implementation, the total number of armored vehicles of the T-90 family will increase, providing some increase in the combat qualities of the ground forces.

Also ordered the modernization of hundreds of cash T-90. Another contract for 100 modernized tanks could appear last year. These two orders will ensure the renewal and life extension of almost 40% of the total T-90 fleet, including vehicles in storage. The use of tanks from stock or from storage will allow not only to carry out the necessary renovation, but also to reduce the time and cost of the work carried out in comparison with the construction of new equipment.

The Ministry of Defense has not yet disclosed plans for further work, but it can be expected that in the future there will be new orders for the production of new T-90Ms and / or the modernization of existing tanks. Due to this, it will be possible to again increase the total number of T-90s of all modifications, as well as to increase the share of modern T-90Ms. However, it will take several years to complete such work, and it is unlikely that they will be completed before the middle of the decade.


It is easy to see that in the medium term, the Russian army and industry by joint efforts can modernize at least half of the entire T-90 fleet, incl. equipment in storage. You can offer more daring predictions about the complete re-equipment of combat units' equipment. It should be remembered that in parallel, the production of the upgraded MBT T72B3 and T-80BVM continues, which also has a positive effect on the state of tank units.

Quality "Breakthrough"


According to the Ministry of Defense and Uralvagonzavod, the modernized T-90M Proryv is superior in combat effectiveness to the vehicles of previous modifications, which is achieved by replacing a number of key units. For reasons of economy, other components and structural elements remain unchanged. So, the ready-made hull and tower are used, but the placement of the internal units changes and new elements appear.

The upgraded tank receives an increased power engine, an auxiliary power unit and new controls. It is possible to replace the 2A46 gun with a new 2A82. A modern fire control system is installed, compatibility with modern 125-mm rounds is ensured. Provides a remotely controlled weapon station with a machine gun. The complex of means of navigation and communication is undergoing renewal.

During the tests, the experienced T-90M tanks confirmed the growth of the main characteristics and combat effectiveness in general. Since last year, the serial MBTs of this model have been going to the troops and allow combat units to receive all the offered capabilities and increase their combat effectiveness. In the near future, the number and share of such equipment will constantly grow - with understandable positive consequences for the army as a whole.
Author:
Photos used:
Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, NPK "Uralvagonzavod"
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  1. carstorm 11
    carstorm 11 4 March 2021 04: 29
    +7
    I don’t know where these data came from, but the first vehicles received 27 separate ones, and its tanks were on parade.
    1. WHAT IS
      WHAT IS 4 March 2021 05: 59
      +15
      Is it so important who got the cars first? In my opinion, here is the main thing:
      the number and proportion of such equipment will constantly grow - with understandable positive consequences for the army as a whole.
    2. Old tanker
      Old tanker 4 March 2021 06: 34
      0
      It is a front door for sure and the first "Armata" will go to it.
      1. carstorm 11
        carstorm 11 4 March 2021 06: 49
        +1
        Meaning? Battalion to transplant from 90 who just came?) Not) the first will go to one)
        1. Old tanker
          Old tanker 4 March 2021 15: 08
          +3
          2 battalions of T-14 tanks will be delivered. And the third may well stay on the T-90M.
          But wait and see.
          1. carstorm 11
            carstorm 11 4 March 2021 15: 11
            +1
            In a motorized rifle brigade?))) There was one tank baht before 90 A was, now they moved to M.
            1. Old tanker
              Old tanker 4 March 2021 17: 31
              0
              Yes, I confused something. Well, maybe they will send Taman to 1 tp.
  2. Odysseus
    Odysseus 4 March 2021 04: 32
    -16%
    Translated into Russian, the Ground Forces received 2012 (zero) new tanks in 2019-0 (both T-72 and T-80 are being repaired "out of stock"). In 2020-20. And it is also planned to build about 30. And also modernize about 100 tanks produced in the zero years.
    Needless to say, "impressive production rates" .......
    1. carstorm 11
      carstorm 11 4 March 2021 05: 02
      +13
      Nonsense. Modernization like this is a new tank. There, 70 percent of all that is available is for replacement. Starting from the engine and ending with painting and a new coating. Building from scratch was an experiment to find out the feasibility of building them, in principle, with hundreds of old modifications.
      1. Pessimist22
        Pessimist22 4 March 2021 05: 34
        +21
        I believe that all T80 and T72 need to be modernized and carefully stored, everything will come in handy. When the enemy knows that you have 20000 tanks in good condition in storage, this will deter you from any adventures, although I deeply doubt that someone in the world will decide on a land operation in Russia, but tanks are not superfluous.
        1. Konnick
          Konnick 4 March 2021 05: 52
          -16%
          And you want to use these 20 thousand tanks as cannon fodder? Where will you get trained crews? With whom to fight so many? With Europe? With China?
          Militarism of the brain ...
          With these upgrades, tanks turned into pure anti-tanks, completely unsuitable for close combat and urban conditions. And the cost has increased incredibly compared to their combat value.
          1. Gardener91
            Gardener91 4 March 2021 12: 31
            0
            Quote: Konnick
            And the cost has increased incredibly compared to their combat value.

            The world arms market is large. As an example of the Czech Republic with their modernization of the T-72, just for themselves, maybe for now? But the adaptation of the tank for warfare in urban conditions is very conditional.
        2. carstorm 11
          carstorm 11 4 March 2021 06: 47
          0
          This is not possible for everyone. It makes no sense to come up with a new modification for cars produced before version B. And under B3 they stupidly do not fit.
        3. Odysseus
          Odysseus 4 March 2021 15: 53
          +2
          Quote: Pessimist22
          When the enemy knows that you have 20000 tanks in good condition in storage

          No, no more 20 thousand. It was in the early 90s. Now, in order to cover the border with Ukraine, the remains of the T-80 are taken from the storage bases, which can be used and sent to the Far East, closing the western direction of the T-72.
          Most of them are illiquid / sold / distributed for a long time.
      2. Odysseus
        Odysseus 4 March 2021 15: 48
        -4
        Quote: carstorm 11
        Stupidity.

        You write nonsense. And what I write is just a fact. True.
        1. carstorm 11
          carstorm 11 4 March 2021 15: 49
          +2
          The fact of what? That you do not understand the very meaning of modernization and what is it?)
    2. Quadro
      Quadro 4 March 2021 05: 42
      +8
      And what, the USA makes a lot of new Abrams (I will tell you - they are not produced at all)? Or Germany has leopards? An industrially and economically developed country produces 2a7 in microscopic quantities. Britain stopped making tanks altogether. The Turks are reworking the old 2a4 from the reserve, because Altai died due to sanctions. Even China does not have very many modern MBTs, God forbid, 500-700 pieces, and according to the project of the mid-XNUMXs.
      1. Odysseus
        Odysseus 4 March 2021 16: 11
        -2
        Quote: Quadro
        Does the USA make a lot of new Abrams (I will tell you - they are not produced at all)? Or Germany has leopards?

        That is, you explain the fact that our army has not received new tanks for almost a decade by the experience of the Americans? This is a delightful argument. I recognize a real patriot laughing
        But no one threatens the United States in principle. They are bordered by Mexico and Canada. Their tanks are pure weapons of aggression. Having absolute superiority in the Air Force and Navy, they don't really need tanks in general. And yet they have 2000 Abrams only in service. With a lot of money for repairs and ideal storage conditions.
        I'm not even talking about the fact that the strength of Soviet tanks was in quantity, or rather in the price / quality / quantity ratio. Try to compare the T-72 and Abrams 1 to 1. Or get into the T-72B3 knowing that M2A2 is ahead. With equal numbers and the complete absence of new tanks, our ground forces will only be able to participate in civil wars with other post-Soviet republics.
        Quote: Quadro
        Even China does not have very many modern MBTs, God forbid, 500-700 pieces, and according to the design of the mid-XNUMXs.

        A typical case of the so-called lies. Over the past 15 years, the PRC has received more than 4000 new tanks. 1000-Type 99,3000-Type 96, plus new lungs went. And this is the lowest mark.
        And this despite the fact that having a greater superiority in ground forces over all neighbors, they really do not focus on them, focusing mainly on the Air Force and the Navy.
        1. Quadro
          Quadro 5 March 2021 05: 52
          +3
          Quote: Odyssey
          Quote: Quadro
          Does the USA make a lot of new Abrams (I will tell you - they are not produced at all)? Or Germany has leopards?

          That is, you explain the fact that our army has not received new tanks for almost a decade by the experience of the Americans? This is a delightful argument. I recognize a real patriot laughing
          But no one threatens the United States in principle. They are bordered by Mexico and Canada. Their tanks are pure weapons of aggression. Having absolute superiority in the Air Force and Navy, they don't really need tanks in general. And yet they have 2000 Abrams only in service. With a lot of money for repairs and ideal storage conditions.
          I'm not even talking about the fact that the strength of Soviet tanks was in quantity, or rather in the price / quality / quantity ratio. Try to compare the T-72 and Abrams 1 to 1. Or get into the T-72B3 knowing that M2A2 is ahead. With equal numbers and the complete absence of new tanks, our ground forces will only be able to participate in civil wars with other post-Soviet republics.
          Quote: Quadro
          Even China does not have very many modern MBTs, God forbid, 500-700 pieces, and according to the design of the mid-XNUMXs.

          A typical case of the so-called lies. Over the past 15 years, the PRC has received more than 4000 new tanks. 1000-Type 99,3000-Type 96, plus new lungs went. And this is the lowest mark.
          And this despite the fact that having a greater superiority in ground forces over all neighbors, they really do not focus on them, focusing mainly on the Air Force and the Navy.

          But I see an incomprehensible logic, from the category - let's squander all the money for tanks. Why is your pearl about the fact that the Abrams are a weapon of aggression and they keep them well? Can you open your eyes? They are not produced, and that's all, at least crack from malice and nonsense about good storage. As for the Chinese, fairy tales have been flooded. You at least open your eyes and read what kind of tanks you described. Type96 is a project of the 90s, type99 is a project of the 300s, that is, I missed by only 2020 units. New light tanks are laughter, by 64 to be able to enter a T-XNUMX tank without anti-cannon armor and non-cannon.
        2. Alexey-74
          Alexey-74 9 March 2021 14: 58
          0
          Where does such admiration for the American Abrams come from? What nonsense are you writing here, Mr. Odysseus?
      2. Bratkov Oleg
        Bratkov Oleg 7 March 2021 18: 30
        0
        The Americans, the British and the Germans realized that they couldn't make tanks, and they just abandoned it. Now they pay the barmaley, and they wet themselves
  3. Thrifty
    Thrifty 4 March 2021 04: 58
    +4
    It was necessary to completely upgrade ALL T90s to the T90M version with one contract, and not pull the cat for genetics!
    1. Quadro
      Quadro 4 March 2021 05: 59
      -3
      If you are so brilliant and capable, go to the Ministry of Defense and order to upgrade all T-90s, it's that simple.
  4. Jacket in stock
    Jacket in stock 4 March 2021 06: 05
    +11
    Well done author.
    I repeated three times the same "not known", "not called", "not clear" and "presumably" having changed their places in the sentences and voila, the whole article is ready.
    1. Quadro
      Quadro 4 March 2021 06: 18
      +3
      This is the whole point of at least 30% of articles on VO.
    2. Konnick
      Konnick 4 March 2021 08: 24
      +1
      Yes, three times ... as the song says - re-read, from left to right, re-read ... Three times and nothing, nothing has been modernized, neither about the welded tower, nor about the cannon, nor about the replacement of active protection.
  5. Thrifty
    Thrifty 4 March 2021 07: 21
    +1
    Quote: Quadro
    If you are so brilliant and capable, go to the Ministry of Defense and order to upgrade all T-90s, it's that simple.

    If they would have listened to me there and listened to my opinion, then they would have already written to them and come personally! So don't tell me what to do, and I won't tell you where you need to go! !! negative
    1. Quadro
      Quadro 4 March 2021 11: 23
      -4
      Yes, I myself can advise you somewhere to go and more than once, but here I am not playing in the commander-in-chief of all Russia and I am not writing about "need" with incredible plans. And if they don't listen to you and don't invite you, then apparently you just didn't go further than the sofa. And no one will invite you to VO for nice words
  6. steelmaker
    steelmaker 4 March 2021 09: 08
    +1
    "The combat units of our armed forces have about 350 main T-90 (A) tanks. Up to 200 armored vehicles of these types, mostly of old production, are in storage."
    This is very small. Why not sell the T-72, we have thousands of them, and build the T-90 with this money? So let our managers dodge. And to sell the most advanced and the best, and mediocrity can!
    1. Zaurbek
      Zaurbek 4 March 2021 10: 38
      +5
      In general, I believe that when they upgrade to the T90-M level, which are in service with the T-90A, it is possible to take on the T-72 fresh series, according to the same scheme. And the money for new equipment, I would let on new armored personnel carriers and infantry fighting vehicles ... with them we have a more deplorable situation than with tanks. BTR-82 and BMP have to be replaced with something modern.
  7. CastroRuiz
    CastroRuiz 4 March 2021 11: 09
    +2
    Vmesto T-72B nado v 1.ocheredi VSE starie T-90 modernizovat do T-90M.
    1. Zaurbek
      Zaurbek 4 March 2021 11: 34
      +1
      All new T-90 M is 50% - new and 50% modernization of old T-90 ... ... 300 of them in service.
  8. Dmitry Izmalkov
    Dmitry Izmalkov 4 March 2021 16: 15
    0
    What are the results? We put a tank, a good tank in the troops, in the amount of 1,5 units, the results will be after 3 years of operation at least 100+ units
  9. mvg
    mvg 5 March 2021 20: 36
    0
    You read the articles of this would-be author ... and like a rhyme with a chorus ... 10 times repetition. And this is despite just "jambs" like:
    // but work on this batch of equipment was completed only next year. //
    PS: Usually articles come out after similar ones .. as predicted)
  10. Kiev
    Kiev 6 March 2021 21: 51
    0
    Is it possible to say that one T-90m Breakthrough can withstand 2 T-55 or T62 tanks?) After all, we can say that a person with an AK-12 can shoot a person with an AK-47 with impunity. Because the aiming range of the AK-12 is 1000 meters, and the AK-47's is 800 meters. Armata has a firing range of 7 meters. The Armata cannon seems to have begun to be installed on the T-000m Breakthrough. It is curious whether the upgrade of the T-90 will increase the combat effectiveness of some elite tank division at times ?!)
    1. Konnick
      Konnick 6 March 2021 22: 19
      +1
      An interesting comparison of the fighting qualities of weapons, this is how Koklyaev tried to fight against Emelianenko. And a man with an ancient three-line sniper will not leave a chance at a long distance in an open area to a squad with new AK-12s. A set of qualities is valued in a weapon, and we can say versatility for different types of combat operations. Well, we made the cannon longer-range, you can add a couple more kilometers, but this is necessary?
      The tank is a melee weapon, and a delicate creature was made of it that can catch shells and missiles on the fly, but can become insolvent when approaching the infantry, entrenched in trenches or hidden in houses or in ambush, thanks to huge observation and aiming devices, with an unprotected machine-gun module , which are quickly incapacitated by small arms, making him blind and unarmed. Now they thought and began to invent the Terminators. But also Terminators with the same vulnerable devices and modules.
      1. Kiev
        Kiev 20 March 2021 21: 44
        +1
        It is so. Everything should be in the subject and used wisely. Only a thermal imager in Abrams and a longer-range cannon allowed them to shoot Soviet-made Iraqi tanks from a distance and in poor visibility.
        At the same time, anti-aircraft guns C-60 of old models are now being put in the Russian army in modules with new electronics and optics. And they give a new life to their contemporaries three-line. The last modernization of the three-line took place in 59.
        1. Konnick
          Konnick 21 March 2021 04: 22
          0
          Only a thermal imager in Abrams and a longer-range cannon allowed them to shoot Iraqi Soviet-made tanks

          About which I wrote that they made an anti-tank out of the tank, and now they are coming up with an anti-personnel tank of the Terminator type. Previously, the tank's machine guns were under the armor, now in unprotected modules above the armor. Tanks in Iraq were well destroyed by other means at a good distance, and for close combat in urban conditions, if the Iraqis tried to fight in real, the American army did not have armored vehicles.
    2. The comment was deleted.
  11. Diverter
    Diverter 9 March 2021 16: 13
    +2
    My deep couch opinion is this: if possible, upgrade all T90 tanks to the level of M.I. storage bases should not have them. Send all T90Ms to equip parts of the Southern Military District. It is also necessary to modernize all T80BVs for completing the Northern District together with the T80U. And to equip the ZVO with T72b3 tanks, so that the Geyropeans were calm and did not decide to launch an arms race. DVO - T72b3, A CVO so that there is a further transition to Armata. Send T72b3 / 4 to warehouses as they become available. It is also necessary to leave the battalion T-34, T-54 \ 55, T 62 For filming, parades, etc.
    Remove T 64 from warehouses and send 404 to the southeast in exchange for T72. or to other states in exchange for something.
  12. UltraTotenkopF
    UltraTotenkopF 10 March 2021 17: 57
    +1
    Quote: Kiev
    Is it possible to say that one T-90m Breakthrough can withstand 2 T-55 or T62 tanks?) After all, we can say that a person with an AK-12 can shoot a person with an AK-47 with impunity. Because the aiming range of the AK-12 is 1000 meters, and the AK-47's is 800 meters. Armata has a firing range of 7 meters. The Armata cannon seems to have begun to be installed on the T-000m Breakthrough. It is curious whether the upgrade of the T-90 will increase the combat effectiveness of some elite tank division at times ?!)

    Of course, at times, the T-90M has better mobility, it is better protected than the T-90A, it has various fashionable electronic chips installed, plus it is equipped with an automated command and control system out of the box! wink
  13. tank64rus
    tank64rus April 21 2021 19: 16
    0
    T-90M beyond the plan is a worthy answer to all squabbles of the Westerners and Mamerikos.