Military Review

Features of the export of Israeli UAVs

31
Features of the export of Israeli UAVs

Heavy UAV Elbit Systems Hermes 900 is in service with more than 10 countries. Photo Elbit Systems


For many years, the leading position in the world market for unmanned aviation military complexes are reserved by Israel. Companies of this country develop, manufacture and supply to foreign countries a large number of UAVs of various types, as well as organize licensed production at foreign sites.

General indicators


According to known data, about 50 Israeli companies operate in the UAV field, from small organizations to large concerns. In total, they offer approx. 160-170 types of unmanned vehicles of all classes. A fifth of these companies are engaged in military drones, mainly developed and large organizations. Over the past decades, they have brought to the market approx. 70 pieces of equipment.

Through the efforts of its own industry, Israel almost completely covers the needs of its army for UAVs; only selected samples are purchased. The production capacities of large companies are sufficient for quick and complete fulfillment of internal orders, as well as for full-fledged entry into the international market.


Lightweight Elbit Skylark III. Skylark series devices are used in almost 20 countries. Photo Elbit Systems

In recent years, Israeli UAVs have been supplied to more than 50 foreign armies. In terms of total supplies, Israel takes approx. 40% of the world market, and earlier this figure was much higher. UAVs account for approx. 10% of the country's total military exports. The main customers at the moment are European countries, which receive more than half of such products. About 30% goes to the Asian army, while other regions receive less than 20% of products.

Finished products


The main income from the export of UAVs is provided by the sale of finished complexes assembled in Israel. The subject of the contracts is the technique of a number of basic classes. Light and ultralight reconnaissance drones, medium vehicles and loitering ammunition are sent abroad.

Azerbaijan should be remembered as a large and profitable customer of Israeli unmanned vehicles. The first orders from this country were received back in 2007-2008, and then new ones appeared more than once. Moreover, until recently, the Azerbaijani army bought UAVs only from Israel. Such cooperation made it possible to create a fairly large and powerful unmanned air fleet in 10-12 years.

Cooperation between Azerbaijan and Israel began with an agreement for medium-sized UAVs Aeronautics Aerostar and Elbit Hermes 450. In the early and mid-tenties, new contracts followed, providing for the supply of other types of equipment. Over time, all major niches have been closed due to the consistent purchase of different types of drones.


British Watchkeeper WK450. UK Department of Defense Photo

Unmanned aerial vehicles from Elbit Systems, IAI and other companies are bought by many countries from all continents. Countries with different industrial potential become clients. These are developing countries that do not have their own aircraft building school, and more developed countries that consider it optimal to purchase imported equipment instead of creating their own samples.

The list of Israeli UAV buyers is constantly expanding with new countries. So, in December it became known that in 2020 several reconnaissance and strike heavy UAVs Hermes 900 were sent to Morocco. The delivery of equipment took place against the backdrop of a thaw in relations between the two countries, and several months before the resumption of diplomatic relations.

Licensed production


At the request of the customer, Israeli companies are ready to supply not only finished products, but also assembly kits for licensed production. This approach has been used in collaboration with several countries and has led to mutually beneficial results.

In 2007, the Israeli company Elbit Systems and the British Thales UK created a joint venture UAV Tactical Systems, whose task was to release the Watchkeeper WK450 reconnaissance and strike apparatus. The latter was a variant of the Israeli Hermes 450, modified according to the requirements of the UK. The first flight of such a machine took place in 2010, and since 2014, the serial equipment entered the troops.


UAVs of the Azerbaijani army at the parade on December 10, 2020 Photo Bmpd.livejournal.com

The already mentioned Azerbaijan at the beginning of the last decade signed an agreement for the licensed production of several types of UAVs. The Azad Systems plant was built with the participation of Aeronautics and soon mastered the assembly of the Aerostar and Orbiter-2M vehicles. Later it was possible to increase the degree of localization, as well as to master the assembly of complexes of other types. However, the most complex items were still purchased off-the-shelf.

In 2009, Russia purchased two ready-made IAI Searcher II reconnaissance UAVs from Israel. The machines performed well in tests, as a result of which a licensed production agreement appeared in 2010. The assembly of equipment from imported components was established at the Ural Civil Aviation Plant. In the Russian Air Force, the Israeli Searcher II was named "Outpost".

As the production of Forposts continued, measures were taken to increase the degree of localization. In 2019, flight tests of the modernized Forpost-R UAV began. It is completely assembled from Russian units and has significant differences in design and functions. There is information about the further development of the project with certain positive consequences.


UAV "Forpost" is a licensed version of the IAI Searcher II. Photo of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

Simultaneously with "Outpost", the light reconnaissance UAV "Zastava" was put into production. It was a licensed copy of the Israeli Bird-Eye 400 from IAI. The production volumes of such equipment were insignificant; no attempts were made to improve it. At the same time, "Zastava" allowed to gain experience for further creation of their own projects of this class.

Licensed production of Israeli UAVs was launched in a number of other countries. In addition, in a number of cases, development companies, together with foreign partners, finalized initial projects. However, not all episodes of such cooperation have reached the actual release of equipment by now. So, the future of licensed production of UAVs in India, Poland and other countries remains uncertain.

Experience and export


Currently, Israel occupies a leading position in the international market for military UAVs. In terms of the number of manufacturers, range of models and sales volumes, only the United States can compete with Israel in this area. At the same time, in some areas, Israeli industry maintains its lead over the American one.

Several factors underlie these successes. First of all, this is the extensive experience of large Israeli companies. They began research in the field of unmanned aircraft several decades ago, and in the early eighties, the first samples entered service. In the future, work continued with an understandable result. As a result, Israel managed not only to gain the necessary experience, but also to ensure its separation from foreign countries, incl. the most industrially developed.


The operator works with the Zastava UAV. Photo of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

Using the existing experience and available technologies, at the turn of the nineties and two thousand years, the Israeli industry created a number of successful UAVs, demonstrated them in its army, and also found foreign buyers. The successful operation at home and abroad made additional advertising - and new orders followed.

The presence of a mass of projects of different classes made their contribution to the overall success. In addition, a flexible approach to cooperation with foreign partners turned out to be important. Israeli companies are ready to finalize projects, issue licenses, etc. In some cases, this also became a competitive advantage.

As a result, Israel was able to occupy about 40% of the world market for military drones. Despite the active development of the UAV direction in leading countries, one should not expect a major redistribution of the market. At the same time, it should be assumed that in the near future, in the wake of recent conflicts, the demand for unmanned aerial systems will grow again - and Israeli companies will not miss their benefits.
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  1. Thrifty
    Thrifty 15 January 2021 18: 08
    +9
    They would have our officials, bureaucrats, they would have massively purchased ubpl from us am And then, plans gramadieu, promises a wagon, and at the exit so far there are only 3 Orions in the army! For the good of the Israelis, I envy that they are doing ubpla not only for themselves, but also usurped the lion's share of the world uav market!
    1. Thrifty
      Thrifty 15 January 2021 18: 18
      +4
      At least two officials are on the site - they have killed me !!! wassat
      1. shahor
        shahor 15 January 2021 18: 41
        +4
        Quote: Thrifty
        - Minus me!

        This is for the fact that you envy them in an amicable way!
        1. vadim dok
          vadim dok 16 January 2021 16: 36
          0
          And it is necessary for the bad, i.e. in black?
          1. shahor
            shahor 16 January 2021 17: 25
            +1
            Quote: vadim dok
            And it is necessary for the bad, i.e. in black?

            Of course! So we will scare and discourage them!
    2. vadim dok
      vadim dok 16 January 2021 16: 35
      +1
      Even 4 against!
  2. Zaurbek
    Zaurbek 15 January 2021 18: 19
    0
    And only China can move them
    1. Aaron Zawi
      Aaron Zawi 15 January 2021 18: 27
      +12
      Quote: Zaurbek
      And only China can move them

      Undoubtedly. But ours also understand this. Recently, emphasis has been placed not on the flight range and the time spent in the air, but on the security of communication channels and the quality of the surveillance equipment. Here are Raphael's work on the Transparent Battlefield ...
    2. OgnennyiKotik
      OgnennyiKotik 15 January 2021 18: 29
      0
      If the United States lifts restrictions on the sale of its UAVs, they will move Israel and China together. They have been a leader in the drone industry since 1944.
      1. Zaurbek
        Zaurbek 15 January 2021 19: 01
        0
        There is a mass segment, and there are unique and specialized vehicles ..... here China will drop prices and confuse sanctions and other restrictions on the supply of UAVs.
      2. stone
        stone 16 January 2021 12: 31
        +4
        They've been a leader in the drone industry since 1944

        Not certainly in that way. The Israelis are pioneers precisely according to the UAV concept that is prevalent in the world today. Americans also have roots from Israel, read about General Atomics and Abraham Karem, who started this topic in the IDF in the 70s.
    3. V.I.P.
      V.I.P. 15 January 2021 20: 26
      -3
      And the Turks with their drums? Real participation in conflicts, a lot of destroyed equipment, including air defense, including "those who have no analogues in the world" ..... The Chinese cannot boast of such
      1. Alex russia
        Alex russia 16 January 2021 09: 45
        +7
        The Turks are not leaders and no rivals to China, Israel, and even more so to the States, they are not even close to their equal. For the simple reason that all the most important critical units and elements of Turkish drones are purchased from the USA, China, Israel and Europe. And you don't need to tell the tale of import substitution right away, whoever knows the subject perfectly understands that electronics, chips, software, optics, thermal imagers, propulsion systems, etc. only the countries of the leaders have both a self-balancing car and handicraft innovations instead of these nodes turn your drone into an airplane from an aircraft modeling club. The sanctions against the Turks are just beginning to arrive, and it will only get worse in the future
  3. Stena
    Stena 15 January 2021 18: 20
    -15%
    They trade where the "big uncles" allowed (the USA and the Russian Federation, to some extent the EU). Where they are not allowed, there is no trade. Therefore, conventions, such as market share, etc., do not allow asserting with a high degree of certainty that this situation will continue in the near future.
    1. times
      times 15 January 2021 18: 27
      +24
      Quote: Stena
      They trade where the "big uncles" allowed (the USA and the Russian Federation, to some extent - the EU)

      I think that Israel can only listen to the United States in terms of UAV sales. The rest are unlikely to influence decisions.
      1. Stena
        Stena 15 January 2021 21: 19
        -9
        Quote: mal
        I think that Israel can only listen to the United States in terms of UAV sales. The rest are unlikely to influence decisions.

        Decisions are influenced by those who open the sales markets - the Russian Federation, the USA, the EU, India. The rest are crumbs from the master's table - where they are allowed to get in to conquer the market; those who supply components - the United States, in the first place; those who provide technologies - USA, EU; those who carry out research and development work on the topic under consideration and give an idea - the USSR, the Russian Federation, the USA.
        While the United States gives money and opens some sales markets for Israel's products, and Germany pays reparations, and the USSR / Russia offers free ideas and technologies, then there is an advantage over small countries like Israel itself.
        It is unlikely that it will be possible to compete with major players for a long period of time - in our case - the next 20 years.
        The Russian Federation has its own technologies and capabilities. The United States has its own. Iran is its own. India is both the Russian Federation and the United States. China is a relatively cheap copy of both Israel and the USA and the Russian Federation in terms of products in this area.
        I do not see Israel in the future as not only a leader, but even as a serious player - in this area, given the current state of affairs in the World Empires.
        Israel is currently forging iron - while it is hot. While - is - as it is.
        1. times
          times 15 January 2021 21: 22
          +16
          Quote: Stena
          Israel is currently forging iron - while it is hot. While - is - as is

          Yes, we are talking about the present tense hi
  4. Shahno
    Shahno 15 January 2021 18: 56
    +5
    Quote: Zaurbek
    And only China can move them

    In the current situation, yes. Only China can potentially compete for the market. But they still have too much work to do, so there is time. And "new items" are not far off. In particular, autonomous learning devices ....
  5. A. Privalov
    A. Privalov 15 January 2021 20: 09
    +12
    It should be understood that serious UAVs, in addition to the aircraft and control stations themselves, are also operators, maintenance, storage and logistics systems. This is a whole philosophical concept of command and levels of subordination tied to interaction with the branches of the military. All this in one day can neither be studied, nor built, nor linked, nor implemented. However, armies that have done this once today will be able to add more and more new systems tomorrow. An example of this is Azerbaijan. Having had the entire Israeli complex already working for a long time, I quickly and easily connected the Turkish systems.
  6. Shahno
    Shahno 15 January 2021 20: 18
    +2
    Quote: A. Privalov
    It should be understood that serious UAVs, besides the aircraft themselves, are also operators, maintenance, storage and logistics systems. This is a whole philosophical concept of command and levels of subordination tied to interaction with the branches of the military. All this can be neither studied, nor built, nor linked, nor implemented in one day. However, armies that have done this once today will be able to add more and more new systems tomorrow. An example of this is Azerbaijan. Having had the entire Israeli complex already working for a long time, I quickly and easily connected the Turkish systems.

    And the Turks also rushed in advance in this regard.Used the opportunities for cooperation with NATO ...
    1. Krasnodar
      Krasnodar 15 January 2021 20: 28
      +2
      And with Israel, before Erdogan
  7. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh 16 January 2021 13: 36
    +2
    Actually, we should already switch to jet drones
    with a cruising speed of 800 km / h, stealth, reconnaissance and shock.
    With a limited ability to protect explosive missiles from fighters and
    enemy helicopters.
    Such devices will become the basis of all the Air Force in 15 years.
  8. andreykolesov123
    andreykolesov123 17 January 2021 08: 53
    -1
    The Jewish bourgeoisie, having seized the Arab lands, made air shushpants to control the freedom-loving Palestinians. All progressive humanity condemns the creation of air bandits acting at the behest of Tel Aviv from Washington
    1. Danila46
      Danila46 20 January 2021 00: 47
      0
      exactly! Here is a "progressive humanity" like you, sitting in your greasy kitchen, with a glass of water and rotten herring, and amicably condemning the "air bandits from Tel Aviv"!
      Air Bandit --- ROMANCE ....
      1. andreykolesov123
        andreykolesov123 20 January 2021 07: 21
        0
        And you, Zionists, just to bomb the innocent. Heartless and cruel. In the taiga, for felling you need to, to educate humanism.
        1. Danila46
          Danila46 20 January 2021 09: 15
          0
          Exactly! This is the only thing we dream about! "Bomb the innocent". Here, the Russian soldier only destroyed wine by carpet bombing. Direct whole settlements at a expense. And the age-old felling did not help ...
          1. andreykolesov123
            andreykolesov123 20 January 2021 09: 24
            0
            Quote: Danila46
            Exactly! This is the only thing we dream about! "Bomb the innocent". Here, the Russian soldier only destroyed wine by carpet bombing. Direct whole settlements at a expense. And the age-old felling did not help ...

            And you are a Zionist mother-Rusia, do not touch your circumcised limbs. Look at yourself in the mirror, who shoots the poor Syrians from around the corner? Who keeps the unfortunate Hizbalons from getting through? Someone in the Dutch hills communized all the water, and Assad now has to drink vodka because of this.
            1. Danila46
              Danila46 20 January 2021 09: 40
              +1
              Your beloved Tsar is selling out Russian mother with companions in parts. Do you care for the poor Hezbalons? You turn your indignant mind there, otherwise you will miss it ... About everything else I can say in the words of Suvorov: WHAT IS TAKEN IN BATTLE, THAT IS HOLY. and AT WAR ALL MEANS ARE GOOD.
              P.S. I am not circumcised. The parents of the communists were scared ...
              1. andreykolesov123
                andreykolesov123 20 January 2021 10: 53
                +1
                Quote: Danila46
                Your beloved Tsar is selling out Russian mother with companions in parts. Do you care for the poor Hezbalons? You turn your indignant mind there, otherwise you will miss it ... About everything else I can say in the words of Suvorov: WHAT IS TAKEN IN BATTLE, THAT IS HOLY. and AT WAR ALL MEANS ARE GOOD.
                P.S. I am not circumcised. The parents of the communists were scared ...


                I bet you didn't serve in Andasa Kravit.
                1. Danila46
                  Danila46 20 January 2021 10: 58
                  0
                  did not serve. Served in the sherion. And why exactly did Andasa come to mind?
                  1. andreykolesov123
                    andreykolesov123 20 January 2021 11: 00
                    +1
                    because you would have exploded on the first mine.
                    Leh, hamoud, al tafria le-haverim shelkha
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