Military Review

Family of armored vehicles Warrior (UK)

39

The first prototype MICV-80, 1984 Photo Thinkdefence.co.uk


In 1986, GKN manufactured the first production FV510 Warrior infantry fighting vehicle. In the following years, several hundred armored vehicles of the main modifications of this family, as well as a number of prototypes, rolled off the assembly line. The equipment of the Warrior line is still in service with the British army, and in the near future it will have to undergo major modernization.

War machine of the eighties


Research work on a promising infantry fighting vehicle, the end result of which was the appearance of the Warrior family, started in the early seventies. Their launch was associated with the appearance of a potential enemy of a large number of modern infantry fighting vehicles. The British command considered the available armored personnel carriers to be insufficiently perfect and launched the development of their own BMP.

Research was carried out within the framework of the MICV (Mechanized Infantry Combat Vehicle) project. Quite quickly, its participants proposed several basic concepts, incl. using the most modern solutions. By the middle of the decade, the army had selected two of the most successful preliminary projects - they were presented by GKN and Vickers Defense Sysems.


The first production BMP Warrior, 1986 Photo Thinkdefence.co.uk

In 1977, the project from GKN Sankey was chosen as the winner of the competition. In 1977 and 1980. the company received two contracts for full-scale project development, construction and testing of a prototype, as well as for the preparation of a future series. The first prototype of the BMP was launched for testing in 1981. The next few years were spent on fine-tuning and improving it in order to obtain an appearance that completely suits the army. For testing, 14 prototypes were built in different configurations.

At this stage, the development of unified armored vehicles started. On the basis of the BMP, it was proposed to build equipment for various purposes, from command and engineering vehicles to carriers of various weapons. Not all such samples passed further tests, however, in this case, it was possible to form a full-fledged unified family of equipment.

The first order for mass production appeared in 1984. In accordance with it, the GKN company was supposed to build 280 armored vehicles of several versions, mainly BMP. When launched into the series, the new line of vehicles received the common name Warrior.

On a common platform


The basis for the BMP and other vehicles of the Warrior family is a front-engine tracked chassis with a large habitable compartment in the central and aft parts. The infantry fighting vehicle and some other samples were to receive a tower with weapons and target equipment. Other projects involved the installation of other equipment.


FV510 armored vehicles in training. UK Department of Defense Photo

The chassis body was made of aluminum alloy and assembled from parts of relatively large thickness. Such armor is capable of withstanding a 14,5mm bullet hit from front corners or smaller caliber bullets from all projections. Mine protection - up to 9 kg under the track. Initially, it was possible to supplement the standard armor with overhead elements. Subsequently, this opportunity was repeatedly used.

The universal chassis received a 8 hp Perkins CV-550TCA Condor diesel engine. and a General Motors X-300-4B automatic transmission. For some units of the power unit, the Warrior family was unified with other British armored vehicles. The undercarriage on each side had six road wheels with torsion bar suspension. All these components provided a top speed of 75 km / h (up to 35 km / h on rough terrain) and a cruising range of over 600 km.

Samples based on


The main model of the Warrior family was initially seen as the BMP, which received the FV510 index. This vehicle is equipped with a two-man turret with a 30-mm L21A1 RARDEN cannon and an L94A1 machine gun on an unstabilized mount. The vehicles of later releases were supposed to receive TRIGAT anti-tank missiles, but then they were replaced by imported MILAN ATGMs. Recent upgrades include the installation of the Javelin ATGM.


British infantry fighting vehicles in Afghanistan. The machines are equipped with additional protection. UK Department of Defense Photo

The own crew of the BMP FV510 consists of three people, the driver, the commander and the gunner. The aft troop compartment accommodates seven soldiers. Disembarkation is made through the aft door or overhead hatches. To increase the level of protection, it was decided to abandon the embrasures for shooting from personal weaponsthat weaken armor.

The FV511 command vehicle replicates the BMP design as much as possible, but has a different equipment for the troop compartment. It accommodates commanders' workplaces and communications equipment. Two modifications of the KShM were proposed for use at the company and battalion level; they differed only in the composition of the radio equipment.

On the platform, two repair and recovery vehicles were performed - FV512 and FV513. They were equipped with a 6,5 t crane, a winch with a force of up to 20 tf, a thrust coulter, etc. There were tools and parts on board for minor repairs of armored vehicles. Such ARVs could serve both the equipment of its own family and other armored vehicles, incl. MBT.

The FV514 reconnaissance spotter was intended for the artillery formations. He received more advanced means of navigation and communication. The standard optical devices in the turret were replaced with more efficient ones. The car lost its cannon, and a model was installed instead. A mast for the MSTAR radar antenna device appeared on the tower. The landing capabilities were abandoned. Also, a mobile command post for the FV515 artillery was developed, designed to control the battery of the AS90 self-propelled guns. It differs from a conventional KShM in the composition of the target equipment located in the troop compartment.


BREM FV512. US Department of Defense Photo

On the basis of the Warrior platform, several other samples were also developed that did not reach the series. The proposed armored personnel carriers with a machine-gun turret, self-propelled anti-tank systems with different weapons and options for its placement (on the roof or on a lifting boom), carriers of large-caliber guns and mortars, engineering vehicles, etc.

Equipment for the army


In the early eighties, the British army planned to purchase up to 1800 armored vehicles of a new family, which would allow the older vehicles of the FV432 line to be removed from service. However, the high cost of the new "Warriors" forced the purchase plans to be reduced to 1050 units. and provide for the preservation of old technology. In the future, the plans were again adjusted downward. As a result, a new problem emerged. Instead of maximum unification, the army would have to be armed with three different families of light armored vehicles at once - CVR (T), FV432 and Warrior.

The first order from 1984 provided for the delivery of 280 armored vehicles, mainly in the FV510 configuration. These products began to be handed over to the customer in 1986, and soon the first combat units mastered them. Later, another order appeared, and by 1990 the number of BMPs was brought to 384 units. After the Gulf War, the British army ordered 108 armored vehicles with some modifications - at this stage, the Warriors were first equipped with missiles.

In accordance with several orders of the eighties, 84 KShM FV511 were built. The total number of FV512 and FV513 ARVs exceeded 145 units. Artillery troops were transferred to 52 reconnaissance spotters and 19 command posts.

Family of armored vehicles Warrior (UK)
Artillery reconnaissance vehicle FV514. Photo Pinterest.com

In 1993, the only export contract was signed. Kuwait has purchased over 250 vehicles in the Desert Warrior version. They differed from the basic modification with a new turret with a 25 mm M242 cannon, TOW missiles and a new climate system adapted to the harsh conditions of the Middle East.

Warrior armored vehicles of all serial types were actively used in various exercises, and since the early nineties they took part in hostilities several times. They were used during the Gulf War, in the Yugoslav NATO operation, in Afghanistan and Iraq. In general, the results of combat use were good, but not without losses. At the same time, a significant part of the damage and loss of equipment was associated with friendly fire. Also, several cars were blown up by improvised explosive devices.

Real application has led to the emergence of new improvements. Additional means of protection in the form of hinged panels and screens were actively introduced. In addition, an ambulance was created based on the results of the first months of work in Afghanistan. Weapons and landing spots were removed from the standard FV510 BMP. In the vacated volumes, a medic, a stretcher and seats for the wounded were placed.

Perspective development


Since the late eighties, the VERDI (Vehicle Electronics Research Defense Initiative) modernization project has been developed. It provided for the installation of a chassis information and control system, a radical modernization of the fire control system, the use of new means of communication, etc. Among other things, a mast with day and night cameras was installed on the roof of the tower to increase situational awareness.


Experienced BMP VERDI-2. Photo Thinkdefence.co.uk

The VERDI-2 project, presented in 1993, developed these ideas with newer components. Due to the new modernization, it was possible to reduce the crew to two people and place it in a protected compartment in the center of the hull - without loss in combat effectiveness. Despite the obvious advantages, VERDI projects were not approved for implementation in practice. However, some of their components and solutions have found application in the following projects.

Since the beginning of the nineties, the issue of equipping the combat versions of the "Warrior" with a new turret with a 40- or 45-mm cannon for telescopic ammunition has been considered. Currently, these ideas are being implemented in the Warrior Capability Sustainment Program (WCSP), which aims to keep such armored vehicles in service until 2040. The Warrior CSP project also proposes the installation of new electronic devices, modernization of the power plant, etc.

Lockheed Martin is responsible for the development of the updated BMP. At the moment the WCSP program is at the testing stage. It is planned to spend another 2-3 years on them, after which conclusions and decisions will be made. Upon receiving a positive conclusion, 380 cash BMPs will be upgraded. The work is scheduled to be completed by the end of the decade.

Tasks and solutions


The main task of the MICV / Warrior program was to create a promising infantry fighting vehicle, as well as a family of unified armored vehicles for various purposes. In general, it was possible to solve it and launch the rearmament of the ground forces, and not only motorized infantry units. For their time, the samples of the family showed very high characteristics and met the basic requirements.


Lockheed Martin Warrior CSP promotional image

Initially, it was supposed to build 1800 new armored vehicles and, due to this, to decommission outdated samples. By switching to the equipment of one family, the army could achieve great savings. However, such plans were quickly abandoned, and three platforms of the same class were at once in service. This made operation and procurement difficult.

The current plans are for the Warrior line to remain in service, with a new Ajax family being added in the future. As a result, the complete transition to one platform is canceled again, and with it the desired savings on joint operation of equipment disappear.

Thus, the tasks of the Warrior program were only partially solved, but the army received significant quantities of new armored vehicles, updating the materiel and increasing the combat capability of the motorized infantry. Almost 35 years have passed since the beginning of the service of these vehicles, and the army is in no hurry to abandon them. After the planned modernization "Warriors" of the British army will be able to celebrate 55 years of service.
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  1. Vladimir_2U
    Vladimir_2U 3 January 2021 07: 46
    +4
    To increase the level of protection, it was decided to abandon the embrasures for firing personal weapons, which weaken the armor.
    The almost official justification for this was an unofficial laughing principle: "The infantry is fighting on its feet!"
    I remember reading about a funny nuance in the early releases of these machines: the fuel tank was located in the troop compartment and was made of translucent polyethylene, and the troopers quickly began to rock and drown from the sight of the floating fuel. Subsequently, this was taken into account, and on already produced cars, the tanks were painted over.
  2. hohol95
    hohol95 3 January 2021 14: 11
    0
    They were used during the Gulf War, in the Yugoslav NATO operation, in Afghanistan and Iraq. In general, the results of combat use were good, but not without losses. At the same time, a significant part of the damage and loss of equipment was associated with friendly fire. Also, several cars were blown up by improvised explosive devices.

    This means that these vehicles did not participate in serious battles. And they dealt only with infantry units with a minimum set of anti-tank weapons.
    1. Lara Croft
      Lara Croft 3 January 2021 19: 28
      +3
      Quote: hohol95
      This means that these vehicles did not participate in serious battles.

      Those. two Iraqi companies are not serious military companies? Meanwhile, there in Iraq, British BMPs fought against the Soviet ones, the Russian Armed Forces have no similar experience ...
      in the war on 08.08.08 our BMPs were opposed by the same ones, in battle our BMPs never met with NATO equipment ...
      1. hohol95
        hohol95 3 January 2021 22: 58
        0
        Have both Iraqi companies had long bloody battles?
        Or were the strikes of the Tomahawks and the air forces of the coalition countries playing the first violin?
        1. Lara Croft
          Lara Croft 3 January 2021 23: 15
          -2
          Quote: hohol95
          Have both Iraqi companies had long bloody battles?

          The fact of the matter is that there were battles, but not protracted, the Russian Federation, for example, has no experience of war with a regular foreign army ("rodents" do not count) ...
          Or were the strikes of the Tomahawks and the air forces of the coalition countries playing the first violin?

          At the initial stage of the first Iraqi company, knocking out part of the air defense, command post and US ...
          How were the hostilities and preparations for them, for example, I would advise you to read the periodicals of those years, for example, "ZVO", everything is scheduled by day ...
          ... the British contingent in Iraqi companies was second only to the American ...
          1. hohol95
            hohol95 3 January 2021 23: 24
            +1
            And I saw it on the Vremya program. And I read it in the journal "Technology-Youth". While. About the first company. About the panic in Israel from the Scud missiles. About colorful relations from calculations of "Petriots". About "splashing" smart "Tomahawks" flying literally over the heads of the Iraqi military.
            And about the "blitzkrieg" of the coalition ground forces. Lost more from friendly fire than from the Iraqis.
            1. Lara Croft
              Lara Croft 4 January 2021 00: 06
              0
              Quote: hohol95
              And in the program "Time" I saw. And I read it in the journal "Technology-Youth". While. About the first company.

              This is not a specialized magazine (now the circulation of "ZVO" is 6 thousand units), "TM" at that time also subscribed, except for beautiful pictures of VT, the opposing sides, nothing interesting ... by the way, "Chieftains" were in that war and the Iraqis and the British, the saturation of the "Challengers" (also participated in that company) of the 1st Army Corps of the British Army in Germany, was only at the very beginning ... by the way, the empirialists experienced a lot of new products in that war ...
              About the panic in Israel from the Scud missiles.

              Yes, many of them fell in the desert, so short of flying anywhere, but apparently this is not the fault of the Soviet military-industrial complex, tk. many Scuds were modernized by the Iraqis themselves with the help of North Korean comrades, apparently to the detriment of quality ...
              About colorful relations from calculations of "Petriots".

              This air defense system has not gone far since then, although I read that many of its elements were stolen by the Empireists from our S-300, they are not lying ...
              And about the "blitzkrieg" of the coalition ground forces. Lost more from friendly fire than from the Iraqis.

              .... the MNF fulfilled its task in that war and carried it out successfully, given that the Iraqi army had ten years of experience in fighting with Iran and, unlike the United States, knew this theater of operations well ...
              You can also read about the system for recognizing the BT of the Empireists in that war in the periodicals of those years ...
              The RF / USSR did not have such experience of large-scale actions since the Second World War, and so far no one has used such a number of high-precision weapons ...
              1. hohol95
                hohol95 4 January 2021 18: 05
                0
                considering that the Iraqi army had ten years of experience in fighting with Iran and, unlike the United States, knew this theater of operations well ...

                Especially considering the state of affairs in the industry and technical armament in Iraq.
                The MNF drove all the latest innovations of military equipment to the region, and Saddam's troops relied on equipment that was clearly not the first freshness or equipment with a minimum resource and a stock of spare parts.
                In terms of tanks, China was the main supplier for Iraq and Iran. 750 T-59 for Iran. 700 T-59 and 1000 T-69 for Iraq.
                If the T-72 M from the USSR and Poland did not pull against the assembled armada, then these Chinese "boxes" were all the more useless.
                1. Lara Croft
                  Lara Croft 4 January 2021 18: 17
                  0
                  Quote: hohol95
                  The Ministry of Taxes and Tax Collection drove to the region all the latest novelties of military equipment,

                  There were new items, but they were not in the overwhelming majority ...
                  M60, Challengers, AMX-30 fought in the ranks of the MNS, they were far from new products ....
                  Iraq was not ready for a new technological war and miscalculated with the place of the main attack, until the last it held large forces in Kuwait, fearing an amphibious operation ...
          2. Intruder
            Intruder 12 January 2021 04: 22
            0
            The fact of the matter is that there were battles, but not protracted, the Russian Federation, for example, has no experience of war with a regular foreign army ("rodents" do not count) ...
            Duc, only counter-terrorist operations and the same fight against groups of militants from the local population, or mercenaries in one mountainous, but proud republic ... :)))
        2. Nestor Vlakhovski
          Nestor Vlakhovski 4 January 2021 01: 05
          0
          were there protracted bloody battles?
          Why prepare for the wars of the past? We need to look to the future and build an appropriate strategy.
          Or the first violin was played by the strikes of "Tomahawks" and the air forces of the countries of the coalition
          This is how modern wars are waged. Aviation is the god of war. The motorized infantry is already clearing out the remnants of the centers of resistance on the ground.
          1. hohol95
            hohol95 4 January 2021 17: 55
            0
            This is how modern wars are waged. Aviation is the god of war.

            If local aborigines do not have adequate countermeasures.
            At the same time, Iraqi territory was processed not only by the US Air Force and Navy.
            During the period between January 17 and February 28, 1991, aircraft and helicopters of the USA, Great Britain, France, Italy, Canada, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, UAE, Bahrain, Qatar flew 118 thousand sorties in the war zone (the total number, including training and other non-combat ).

            Such a crowd was clearly difficult for the Iraqis to cope with!
      2. hohol95
        hohol95 3 January 2021 23: 02
        0
        We met with South Africa! In Angola.
        With the Americans in Vietnam.
        But these are all things of bygone days ...
    2. voyaka uh
      voyaka uh 3 January 2021 21: 23
      +2
      Not a single BMP can stand against RPG-7s and their descendants.
      That the Russians will burn, that the Western ones.
      Therefore, BMPs can only be launched behind dismounted infantry.
      For rear fire support.
      1. hohol95
        hohol95 3 January 2021 22: 59
        0
        Not a single BMP can stand against RPG-7s and their descendants.

        Even Israeli?
        1. Lara Croft
          Lara Croft 3 January 2021 23: 08
          0
          Quote: hohol95
          Not a single BMP can stand against RPG-7s and their descendants.

          Even Israeli?

          Israeli Jews have heavy armored personnel carriers in service since the Arab-Israeli wars ...
        2. voyaka uh
          voyaka uh 3 January 2021 23: 09
          +2
          Israel has no BMP.
          There is a heavy armored personnel carrier Namer. It can withstand RPGs from any
          sides. But it weighs 60 tons. And it costs the same as the Merkava.
          Security comes at a high cost.
          1. hohol95
            hohol95 3 January 2021 23: 19
            0
            Oh sorry. Confused infantry fighting vehicles and armored personnel carriers. hi That's what I meant!
            So they can withstand a couple of dozen hits from the old RPG-7?
            1. Nestor Vlakhovski
              Nestor Vlakhovski 4 January 2021 00: 59
              -1
              So they can withstand a couple of dozen hits from the old RPG-7?
              Fighting has little to do with a training ground.
              After the first shot, the enemy firing point will be suppressed.
              1. hohol95
                hohol95 4 January 2021 18: 06
                0
                After the first shot, the enemy firing point will be suppressed.

                If she is in splendid isolation ...
              2. Thomas N.
                Thomas N. 6 January 2021 18: 06
                +1
                Quote: Nestor Vlahovski
                So they can withstand a couple of dozen hits from the old RPG-7?
                Fighting has little to do with a training ground.
                After the first shot, the enemy firing point will be suppressed.

                The grenade launcher is not a firing point, after the shot he immediately changes position and there is no one to suppress. The fire to suppress manpower with grenade launchers must be conducted before it opens fire on areas of possible or reconnaissance, and for this the 30-mm RARDEN cannon mounted on the Warrior is poorly suited: the accuracy is good, but max. rate of fire is only 90 rds / min due to the supply of clips of 3 rounds. In fact, this gun is designed as a self-loading gun for fighting armored personnel carriers and infantry fighting vehicles and is not intended for firing in long bursts at all.
            2. Intruder
              Intruder 12 January 2021 04: 27
              0
              So they can withstand a couple of dozen hits from the old RPG-7?
              depending on the ammunition of that very RPG-7, and additional armor modules and its type !!! But, RPG-7 is already old stuff for the poorest and least educated terrorists from different Tatamstan, in the next decade, progress even for these very ones, jumped to the other side, patrolling ammunition and other aerial drones, and there even this Israeli half-tank-armored personnel carrier will not be able to: )))
      2. bk0010
        bk0010 4 January 2021 01: 30
        +1
        BMPs must follow the tanks. And the tanks behind the barrage or through the source of destruction. There will be no living infantry. And if without all these bells and whistles it is necessary to butt with irregular formations, then it is necessary to take not BMPs, but MRAPS - much cheaper and "angrier".
        1. Intruder
          Intruder 12 January 2021 04: 30
          0
          And if without all these bells and whistles it is necessary to butt with irregular formations, then it is necessary to take not BMPs, but MRAPS - much cheaper and "angrier".
          or maybe they are immediately poisoned with all kinds of "chemistry" in food, to a heap - cheap swill and drugs, with the loss of moral and social positions in the life of the younger generation, as a special type: conventional weapons in our peacetime ...
  3. Lara Croft
    Lara Croft 3 January 2021 19: 29
    0
    Upon receiving a positive opinion, modernization will be 380 cash BMP... The work is scheduled to be completed by the end of the decade.

    There is no need for more for the British ...
  4. alexmach
    alexmach 3 January 2021 21: 16
    +2
    Well, in the next topic, commentators on hedgehogs give birth over the purchase of the BMP-3 and the modernization of the BMP-2 and T-72.
    1. Nestor Vlakhovski
      Nestor Vlakhovski 4 January 2021 00: 56
      0
      Quote: alexmach
      in a neighboring topic, commentators on hedgehogs give birth over the purchase of the BMP-3 and the modernization of the BMP-2 and T-72

      Maybe they are doing it right?
      The old "Warrior" will still give a head start in the security and practicality of any serial Russian and Chinese infantry fighting vehicles.
      Challenger 2 is still superior to any MBT in the ARF or PLA.
      Britain can afford to delay the renewal of its armored vehicle fleet. Is the Russian border as calm and unshakable?
      1. alexmach
        alexmach 4 January 2021 01: 07
        0
        The old "Warrior" will still give a head start in the security and practicality of any serial Russian and Chinese infantry fighting vehicles.

        HZ. I look at its contemporary BMP-3, and where is the head start in security?
        And in practicality than he is so distinguished in your opinion?
        1. Nestor Vlakhovski
          Nestor Vlakhovski 4 January 2021 01: 24
          +2
          Protection in the presence of mine protection, which is absent on the BMP-3 as such, in the presence of sets of mounted armor
          The speed and safety of the landing and dismounting is also security. And with this, the BMP-3, with its tank layout, is very bad.
          Practicality is understood as the ability to perform the required tasks, both the main (for which the car was developed) and urgent.
          In the "warrior" you can throw at least a stretcher with the wounded, at least boxes of ammunition. You can hang screens and send to fight in the Middle East, or you can make it as easy as possible for soft soils.
          BMP-3 - was developed as a light tank, and it is, in fact, it is, even despite the "brilliant" decision of the generals to stuff the fighting compartment with soldiers.
          1. alexmach
            alexmach 4 January 2021 10: 20
            +1
            Reasonedly.
            Well, what to do on the site of the Russian Defense Ministry? Kurganets has seriously stalled, and its serial purchases will take a decade.
            1. yehat2
              yehat2 15 February 2021 16: 14
              +1
              make Kurganets, moreover, in series of several dozen, if not hundreds of cars
              But I think his platform needs to be improved so that it has better prospects for modernization and customization.
              1. alexmach
                alexmach 15 February 2021 19: 23
                0
                Well, with "making Kurganets" hardly anyone would argue ... But a few dozen cars are nothing, it's only for tests or for a parade.

                With modernization-customization. And what is needed for this? Stock by weight, volume, nutrition .. that's it.
                1. yehat2
                  yehat2 31 March 2021 22: 04
                  0
                  configuring the armor, to consider whether it can be rebuilt more efficiently as an example. Personally, I would now massively equip a significant part of the BMP with the ability to carry and use UAVs, and these are also requirements for the layout. The top of the vehicle might need to be fitted with spaced anti-spike armor. The review of the car looks archaic. The Chinese no longer produce BMPs without a full-fledged panorama, etc.
                  With all the clarity and, in general, the healthy approach of Kurgan, some of his decisions no longer correspond to what is happening right now.
                  1. alexmach
                    alexmach 31 March 2021 22: 51
                    0
                    What did the panorama not suit you with? I see 2 identical birdhouses on the tower, one on the roof of the tower looks like a commander's panoramic observation device.
          2. Thomas N.
            Thomas N. 5 January 2021 18: 38
            0
            Quote: Nestor Vlahovski
            BMP-3 - was developed as a light tank, and it is, in fact, it is, even despite the "brilliant" decision of the generals to stuff the fighting compartment with soldiers.

            Look at the first proposed armament option for the BMP-3:

            30mm automatic cannon, 30mm AG-17 grenade launcher and Konkurs ATGM. Where is the light tank here?
  5. Sckepsis
    Sckepsis 6 January 2021 15: 30
    0

    managed to reduce the crew to two people and place it in a protected compartment in the center of the hull - without loss in combat effectiveness

    Yes you? Then why the hell does everyone still have three in a row?
  6. yehat2
    yehat2 15 February 2021 16: 11
    +1
    I can't understand one thing - where does such a crazy cost of these machines come from?
    that the German marders, that it is a miracle in feathers, stand like a strategic bomber
    1. Victor Tsenin
      Victor Tsenin 31 March 2021 21: 42
      0
      Where did you deduct comparable amounts?)
  7. Victor Tsenin
    Victor Tsenin 31 March 2021 21: 41
    0
    > Warrior "new turret with a 40- or 45-mm cannon for telescopic ammunition.

    What kind of ammunition is this, about a sub-caliber speech?