Military Review

Her Majesty's Armed Forces: Fighting in a New Way

28

At the end of September, the UK Department of Defense published the Integrated Operating Concept 2025. It proposes an action plan to improve the armed forces in the near and long term, taking into account current and anticipated threats. If the "Integrated Operating Concept" is adopted, the British Army will face one of the largest reforms in stories.


Change is ripe


The authors of the concept point out that threats to national security are constantly changing, and this requires an appropriate response. Opponents no longer recognize the rule of law, and laws and agreements themselves can be used as a military-political tool. In addition, the opponents studied the "western path" of military development and took it into account when developing their own armies. The widespread adoption of information technology provides new opportunities, but leads to unexpected risks.

The emergence of new threats does not exclude the preservation of old ones. Competition for territories, resources and political influence remains relevant. Potential adversaries seek to implement plans of this kind using modern capabilities. Of particular importance are “below the threshold” attacks - which will not receive a full-scale military response.

A characteristic feature of the present time is called the blurring of boundaries between peace and war, public and personal, foreign and domestic, etc. This creates new opportunities for negative influences or attacks.


The nature of warfare is also changing. As the experience of the conflicts in Syria and Iraq shows, commercial technologies are becoming cheaper, more accessible and more efficient, which leads to a change in the face of war. At the same time, the more complex "traditional" weapon, continuing to develop and explore new areas. There are risks in the field of strategic and tactical nuclear weapons.

Thus, in the hands of a potential adversary there is a whole range of various political, informational and military instruments that go beyond the existing legal norms. All these funds can be used against Great Britain and already now require a competent response. Thus, the need to develop strategies and tactics is obvious - this is exactly what the authors of the Integrated Operating Concept 2025 suggest.

Answer methods


In search of answers to current and future threats, the Integrated Concept first of all proposes to use the existing advantages. The main one is well-trained specialists in all fields. It is they who must carry out the development of plans, as well as carry out military construction and modernization.

NATO membership is called an important advantage, which is still one of the foundations of UK national security. It is the only organization in the world capable of uniting conventional and strategic forces of different countries and effectively deterring common enemies. Moreover, cooperation should go not only with NATO as a whole. It is necessary to work out the issues of partnership with individual countries.


The authors of the document note the leadership positions of British science and technology, but point out that new developments are often carried out by non-governmental organizations. New measures are needed in this area.

Respect for rules, regulations and treaties is another benefit. However, the current legal and moral attitudes are being attacked by a potential adversary. Accordingly, they need to be revised to limit possible abuse by the adversary.

Integration and optimization


In addition to the most general considerations, the Integrated Operating Concept provides specific steps to address current challenges. First of all, it is proposed to change the structure of the armed forces and control loops, as well as to modernize the defense industry.

The main idea of ​​the concept is the rejection of a position that provides for observing the enemy and only reacting to his actions. Instead, strategic action should be taken and the conditions and pace should be determined independently. This will provide a wider choice and allow you to effectively counter any enemy.


The integration of the armed forces is of particular importance. It is proposed to create general control loops uniting units and formations from tactical to strategic level, operating in all environments - in space, in the air, on land and at sea. In addition, similar ties with civilian structures and armies of allied countries are needed.

In parallel with organizational measures, it is necessary to further develop the means and weapons of the army. Having and demonstrating non-lethal means and weapons, Great Britain will be able to effectively deter a potential enemy. To obtain such opportunities, it is necessary to develop existing directions and launch new ones.

Much attention should be paid to information systems, and the goal in this direction is to create advantages over the enemy. With the help of such advantages, it will be possible to assess the situation faster and more correctly, as well as to influence the enemy - his army or civilian population.

From defense to battle


The Integrated Operating Concept 2025 offers a four-point plan to improve the defense against aggression and optimize core processes. The first point, "Protect", provides for a thorough examination of the existing defense system and infrastructure in order to find vulnerabilities. Then, critical objects must be protected from any attacks in all environments.


The second measure is "Engage". The country's defense potential should be focused on external threats and actively interact with the allied armies. This engagement will allow you to identify threats in time and respond to them in an optimal way. The next step is Constrain. It provides for the demonstration or limited use of military force in order to exclude a war or escalate an ongoing conflict.

Finally, full-scale hostilities are a last resort. In fact, at this stage, all created measures and tools are combined. Actions in all environments are aimed at actively fighting the enemy and protecting themselves or allies.

Material part of the future


The 2025 Concept recognizes that it is impossible to disband existing structures and create entirely new ones in their place. In particular, despite all the changes, outdated tools, platforms, etc. retain some national security value and can still be used. Nevertheless, in the future, new samples of the material part will appear, to which special requirements should be imposed.

The authors of the concept believe that stealth will become a key feature of promising samples. In addition, high mobility is required, incl. obtained by reducing protection, and increased fuel efficiency. Radio-electronic means will acquire particular importance, and the level of involvement in networks and control loops will increase significantly. An open modular architecture will be used to accelerate modernization. Developed means of reconnaissance and target designation will make it possible to more widely use strikes against objects outside the line of sight.


Promising weapons and equipment with similar features will be able to surpass modern products in all basic parameters. However, their appearance should be attributed to the distant future. The military will have to work out the concept, create real plans on its basis and formulate tactical and technical requirements, according to which full-fledged samples will be developed in the future. All this takes a long time.

Plans and risks


The proposed "Integrated Operating Concept" is designed for the next five years. If it is accepted for implementation, then by 2025 new strategies can be formed and the process of creating promising models can begin. By that time, the Ministry of Defense will have to draw up a new concept for the next period, taking into account the successes achieved and the current needs of national defense.

The proposed measures for the development of the armed forces and related areas generally look interesting and promising. The situation in the world is really changing, which requires certain measures - it is for this purpose that the Concept is being created. The authors of the document propose to pay attention to the development of all aspects of defense, including the most relevant and promising ones. This is expected to provide security both in peacetime and in the event of a conflict.

The proposed measures are largely based on existing practices, strategies, etc. At the same time, they demand to build on the accumulated experience and create new systems, strategies and patterns. At this stage, various kinds of difficulties are possible that prevent the full implementation of all plans. In addition, achieving the set goals will definitely require significant financial expenditures. At the same time, it should be remembered that in recent years the British armed forces are faced with the problem of insufficient funding, and this threatens both the maintenance and the build-up of defense capabilities.

Thus, the document Integrated Operating Concept 2025 describes extremely interesting and promising plans of the Ministry of Defense, the implementation of which will significantly change the face of the army and make it more flexible and adapted to solving the characteristic tasks of the present and future. However, deep modernization of structures and gaining new opportunities will come at a price. How long it will take to complete the tasks, and what the cost of the reform will be, will become known later, when the concept is turned into specific programs.
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Ministry of Defense of Great Britain
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  1. Maki maki
    Maki maki 22 October 2020 06: 08
    19
    We must lease Serdyukov to them.
    1. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 22 October 2020 10: 34
      +4
      Quote: Maki Maki
      We must lease Serdyukov to them.

      No, no, no, better not. Otherwise, the furniture maker can optimize costs and turn the British Armed Forces into something more or less digestible. For example, to completely abandon the rudiments of the times of the Empire - overseas bases in foreign territories.
      Or conduct an audit of MO projects. And then the military of the Island Empire is very smart at spending money without any result. One program of the British PLO aircraft was worth what: they decided to upgrade the Nimrod to version MRA.4, brought the program to the stage "the first machines are ready, the rest are being refitted", spent 3,6 billion pounds on this ... and canceled the program, and the aircraft were disposed of with the help of excavator. And then it turned out that the PLO aircraft was still needed (exactly when the Nimrod MRA.4 program was to be completed) - and the islanders began to run around the world and look for someone to buy them from. smile They even considered a variant of the Japanese P-1, but as a result they bought the Poseidons.
      1. DrEng527
        DrEng527 22 October 2020 13: 54
        0
        Quote: Alexey RA
        Otherwise, the furniture maker can optimize costs and turn the British Armed Forces into something more or less digestible.

        exactly! it was necessary to defeat the Arbat military district ... request
  2. The comment was deleted.
  3. nnm
    nnm 22 October 2020 06: 43
    +5
    As I understand it, the main point of the concept is as follows:
    Respect for rules, regulations and treaties is another benefit. However, the current legal and moral attitudes are being attacked by a potential adversary.

    - that's all, now the primacy of the interests of righteous, democratic states over international norms and rules is formally fixed.
    Any actions of Russia, China are recognized as wrong, which gives the right to:
    The main idea of ​​the concept is the rejection of a position that provides for observing the enemy and only reacting to his actions. Instead, strategic action should be taken and the conditions and pace should be determined independently.

    - in fact, the Western world only formalizes the real state of affairs when it decides that "you are to blame for the fact that I want to eat"!
    Thus, we can assume that everything, with the adoption of this concept, not a single international treaty in the field of military development, international norms and rules no longer exists. There are only national interests, for which the West is ready for any lie, blood, hypocrisy, etc.
    And we need to build our country, army, ideology with a clear understanding of this situation.
    One problem is the pro-Western sentiments of some of the ruling elite and their assets abroad. That, in fact, is the implementation of one of the tools of the new (half-forgotten old, in fact) concept.
    1. nnm
      nnm 22 October 2020 07: 00
      +5
      The proposed measures for the development of the armed forces and related areas generally look interesting and promising.

      - in fact, the rest of the concept contains nothing new. Everything from threat assessment to integration and qualitatively new weapon systems has been in use for a very long time.
      In addition, the authors of the concept contradict themselves, setting the goal:
      ... Instead, strategic action should be taken

      but for some reason then active actions are still preceded
      The second measure is "Engage". The country's defense potential should be focused on external threats and actively interact with the allied armies. This engagement will allow you to identify threats in time and respond to them in an optimal way. The next step is Constrain. It provides for the demonstration or limited use of military force in order to exclude a war or escalate an ongoing conflict.

      which will definitely lead to the loss of initiative. And makes actions more predictable.
      Therefore, the main part of active efforts will be focused on:
      Much attention should be paid to information systems, and the goal in this direction is to create advantages over the enemy.

      - that in addition to control systems, it clearly includes information impact and intelligence.
      1. Lex_is
        Lex_is 22 October 2020 11: 06
        -2
        which will definitely lead to the loss of initiative.

        Exactly the opposite.
        If we translate from diplomatic to human recognition of Russia or China as a "threat" by NATO countries, it provides for the next step - "containment."
        By the way, "deterrence" means not only the demonstration or limited use of military force, but complex operations carried out simultaneously in all environments: ground, air, sea, information, economic, cyberspace, etc. all this is done by local operations without declaring hostilities.
        1. nnm
          nnm 22 October 2020 11: 15
          +1
          This is all clear. I meant a little differently - if the sequence of stages in the strategy had been scheduled, not as now, but the stage
          conducting full-scale hostilities.

          would contain a proviso that the transition to this stage can be made bypassing stages 1-3, then, yes, there would be no threat of losing the initiative.
          But it is precisely the strict adherence to the sequence of stages that will make it possible to understand the degree of Britain's involvement in the conflict and predict the timing of the transition to subsequent stages. This means that, having the initiative, take countermeasures, imposing a convenient path for the development of the conflict.
          It is clear that this is purely theoretical calculations, but nevertheless ...
          1. Lex_is
            Lex_is 22 October 2020 17: 36
            -1
            But it is precisely the strict adherence to the sequence of stages that will make it possible to understand the degree of Britain's involvement in the conflict and predict the timing of the transition to subsequent stages.


            Not quite.

            These are not stages in the development of a conflict situation, but
            a four-point plan aimed at improving the system of defense against aggression and optimizing the main processes
            those. stages of transition from the current state and strategy of the armed forces to the desired ones.
            Roughly, a plan to transfer the armed forces to a new doctrine.

            And, of course, they do not plan to go over to the optimization of the armed forces for combat operations.

            This must be seen in conjunction with their new foreign policy doctrines on the restoration of greatness.
            Roughly speaking, they are going to actively gnaw out advantages for themselves in a changing world.
            1. nnm
              nnm 22 October 2020 17: 42
              +1
              Yes, in fact, you have to look at the doctrine. And the material itself is translated and in the form of a short summary. Therefore, there may be some involuntary omissions of nuances. But I also judged by the presence in the existing text of the article of the words "then", "next step", etc.
              1. Lex_is
                Lex_is 22 October 2020 17: 57
                -1
                If you are interested on RUSI org they have a lot of analytical materials on their vision of the future (unfortunately, most of them are by subscription).

                There are even such wonderful things as an analysis of the upcoming battle with Russia for the Arctic and the landing operation on Spitsbergen.
    2. The eye of the crying
      The eye of the crying 22 October 2020 11: 49
      -2
      Quote: nnm
      with the adoption of this concept, not a single international treaty in the field of military development, international norms and rules no longer exists. There are only national interests


      Reminds "Russia has no allies except the army and the navy."
      1. Orange bigg
        Orange bigg 22 October 2020 12: 08
        -1
        What surprises you? In the harsh reality, everyone is for himself and this quote is relevant not only for Russia.
        1. The eye of the crying
          The eye of the crying 22 October 2020 12: 15
          -2
          Quote: OrangeBigg
          In harsh reality it's every man for himself


          In the harsh reality, military alliances exist and operate. And those who are for themselves are usually losers.
          1. spech
            spech 22 October 2020 14: 53
            +1
            Quote: Eye of the Crying
            In the harsh reality, military alliances exist and operate. And those who are for themselves are usually losers.

            Are you talking about the united Europe of the 1939-1945 model?
            1. The eye of the crying
              The eye of the crying 22 October 2020 15: 25
              0
              In this reality, there was no united Europe in 1939-1945. And I'm talking about the reality in which the Anti-Hitler coalition and the Entente were.
              1. nnm
                nnm 22 October 2020 16: 40
                -1
                Entente at 39-45 ?? !! This is powerful)))) and judging by your words, it was opposed by the Anti-Hitler coalition? !!!! You shook my understanding of history !!!
                And you must admit, it is convenient to think like you - during the Second World War, Hitler did not have any alliance, although the French SS division defended Berlin until the last day, and NATO, I believe, you will count as an alliance in which everyone entered for ideological reasons, and not from for immediate benefits. And everyone is ready to die for the interests of some small country. Yeah, chaaaaaz
                Turks with Greeks, I see, well, they demonstrate mutual love that they can't sleep.
                1. The eye of the crying
                  The eye of the crying 22 October 2020 16: 50
                  0
                  Quote: nnm
                  Entente at 39-45 ?? !!


                  Do you really know when the Entente was? In 1939-1940, there was no Anti-Hitler coalition (more precisely, there was no Union in its composition) - you don't want to hesitate to this?

                  Quote: nnm
                  it is convenient to think like you - during the Second World War, Hitler did not have any alliance,


                  Was. True, it was called the "Axis countries" and not "united Europe". And its presence in no way contradicts the fact that military alliances exist and operate in the harsh reality.

                  Quote: nnm
                  French SS division


                  Quote: nnm
                  Turks with Greeks


                  What are you carrying, why are you carrying it, where are you carrying it ...
                  1. nnm
                    nnm 22 October 2020 16: 56
                    0
                    I do not know why, but looking at your hysteria, I would like to ask .... colleague, are you an hour, not from Ukraine?
                    1. The eye of the crying
                      The eye of the crying 22 October 2020 16: 57
                      +2
                      Quote: nnm
                      looking at your tantrum


                      I think you have a projection.
    3. pmkemcity
      pmkemcity 22 October 2020 15: 07
      0
      The main meaning of the concept is somewhat higher -
      The main one is well-trained specialists in all fields. It is they who must carry out the development of plans, as well as carry out military construction and modernization.
    4. vVvAD
      vVvAD 22 October 2020 15: 16
      0
      Briefly, then:
      However, current legal and moral attitudes are attacked by a potential enemy. Accordingly, their need to reviseto limit possible abuse by the enemy.

      And they have already done a good job in this field. wassat We wish you continued success am
  4. iouris
    iouris 22 October 2020 09: 51
    0
    One point is missing: the organization of command and control of the armed forces of Ukraine, Turkey, Poland "in a new way" ...
    1. Koval Sergey
      Koval Sergey 22 October 2020 11: 46
      16
      Quote: iouris
      One point is missing: the organization of command and control of the armed forces of Ukraine, Turkey, Poland "in a new way".

      The lion was already blown away. The Yankees will rather rule there.
  5. Operator
    Operator 22 October 2020 12: 09
    0
    At first they loved the British Empire, now they love the national territory of Britain ("protecting only critical objects") - you are going the right way, small-shaven laughing
  6. Alf
    Alf 22 October 2020 13: 27
    0
    Opponents no longer recognize the rule of law, and the laws and agreements themselves can be used as a military-political tool.

    Who would say ... This opponent is so-and-so-bad, and we ourselves are angels, white and fluffy.
  7. DrEng527
    DrEng527 22 October 2020 13: 53
    0
    Common words and good wishes ... request
  8. Cowbra
    Cowbra 23 October 2020 13: 40
    0
    No money left. so they began to stir. Now they will write off their Challengers-2 with Warriors - in general there will be fear and horror, not the army)))
  9. Sckepsis
    Sckepsis 26 October 2020 07: 36
    0

    Respect for rules, regulations and contracts is another benefit.

    What!? Let them tell this to their neighbors in Europe, who are simply shocked by their work with the Brexit negotiations.