Military Review

Advanced UAVs "Sirius" and "Helios"

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The Orion complex with three UAVs and a command post. Photo by JSC "Kronstadt" / kronshtadt.ru


The military-technical forum "Army-2020" is attended by the company "Kronshtadt", which develops unmanned aviation complexes. This time, the company presented four medium and heavy class UAVs at once in its exposition. Of greatest interest from the point of view of prospects and opportunities are the products "Sirius" and "Helios" - heavy drones with a long flight duration.

The path to the premiere


The development of new heavy UAVs was announced last year. In addition, a full-size mock-up of one of these devices was shown at the MAKS-2019 exhibition. As follows from recent reports, it was the UAV "Helios". Since then, projects have moved forward, which has led to the emergence of new curious products.

On August 17, Minister of Industry and Trade Denis Manturov visited the Kronstadt pilot plant, deployed at the sites of the Moscow Machine-Building Enterprise named after Chernysheva. Delegations of the ministry showed the already known full-scale Orion and model Helios, as well as two new models - Sirius and Thunder.

A few days later, all these products were delivered to the Patriot Park for placement at the exhibition site and demonstration to the visitors of Army-2020. Almost immediately, UAVs from "Kronstadt" attracted the attention of specialists and the public.

development of existing


The developer calls the Sirius UAV the next stage in the development of the existing Orion vehicle. The development consists in an increase in size and weight, some design changes, as well as in the installation of new electronic equipment. The drone will be able to carry more cargo and work at an increased distance from the operator.


Model of UAV "Sirius" on "Army-2020". Photo Bmpd.livejournal.com

"Sirius" is an aircraft of normal aerodynamic design with a thin fuselage, straight wing of large span, V-shaped tail. The power plant includes two turboprop engines of an unnamed type in nacelles under the wing. The motors are equipped with two-blade propellers.

During the processing of the original airframe, the wingspan increased to 23 m, the length - to 9 m. The maximum take-off weight increased to 2,5 tons, of which 1 ton is fuel. Payload - 450 kg. The mass of the dropped load on the external sling is 300 kg.

Currently, a promising satellite communication system is being developed to control a new generation of UAVs. Its appearance will dramatically improve the tactical and technical characteristics of drones. Thus, the operating range of the Sirius will actually be limited only by the fuel supply on board. Operator consoles are located on a universal mobile control center, compatible with other modern UAVs developed by the Kronshtadt company.

Like its predecessor, the new "Sirius" is intended for patrolling and conducting reconnaissance and terrain mapping in different ranges. In combat configuration, it can strike ground targets, incl. with detection immediately before the attack, as well as monitor the results of the defeat. It is possible to use UAVs for target designation to various fire weapons.


Compatible ammunition for Sirius. Photo Bmpd.livejournal.com

Radar Watch


The second development was presented in the form of an unmanned radar patrol vehicle - "Helios-RLD". This aircraft is larger than Orion and Sirius, has a different layout, and also differs in flight performance.

"Helios-RLD" receives a fuselage of shorter length, in the tail of which there is a turboprop power plant with a pushing propeller. A straight wing of large span is used, from which two tail booms extend. The plumage is L-shaped. The wingspan reaches 30 m with a length of 12,6 m.

The takeoff weight of the "Helios-RLD" product reaches 4 tons. The payload is 800 kg. The UAV shows a cruising speed of 350-450 km / h and is capable of climbing to an altitude of 11 thousand meters. The maximum flight duration is 30 hours, the range is 3 thousand km.

In addition to the standard navigation and control equipment, Helios-RLD received a side-looking radar station. Its antenna is suspended under the fuselage in a flat long fairing. The type, characteristics and capabilities of the radar are not specified. Also, the issues of ensuring communication and data transfer to the universal control center are not disclosed.


Model of the "Helios-RLD" product in the assembly shop. Photo by the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation

"Helios-RLD" is designed for long-term patrolling in a given area. The onboard radar provides search and tracking of air, ground and surface targets. The UAV can perform single and group duty, covering a wider front. In addition, the "Helios" product can be used for reconnaissance and strike purposes.

Unmanned perspectives


The Russian aviation industry has long been engaged in the topic of heavy unmanned aerial vehicles for reconnaissance and strike purposes. Several organizations are involved in the work, and their projects are at different stages of implementation. The Kronstadt company is one of the leaders in this direction - it has already brought the Orion UAV to operation in the army and is now developing new projects.

In new projects, equipment with improved tactical and technical characteristics is proposed, capable of solving a wide range of tasks. At the same time, due to the difference in key parameters, "Sirius" and "Helios" are able to occupy two different niches and complement each other, as well as to be successfully used in parallel with other unmanned systems.

It should be recalled that there are no heavy reconnaissance and / or strike UAVs, such as Helios and Sirius, in service with the Russian Aerospace Forces. Therefore, any such sample is of great interest and can be useful for the army. In such a situation, a big plus is the presence of several projects of equipment of similar classes, but with different characteristics at once. The command gets the opportunity to choose the best model, which more fully meets the requirements, or to adopt all the developed ones.

Advanced UAVs "Sirius" and "Helios"

View from a different angle. Photo by the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation

However, so far there is no talk of adopting it. Judging by the demonstration of the mock-ups, promising UAV projects are in their early stages. There are no full-fledged flight prototypes, and the timing of their appearance is not specified. All this means that it will take several years to complete the design and subsequent work, and only after that the "Sirius" and "Helios" will be ready to enter the series and the troops.

High complexity can negatively affect the timing and cost of work. However, the Kronstadt company already has significant experience that will help it successfully complete all new projects. The middle Orion has already been brought to service in the military, and new models should follow.

Distant future


In general, an interesting and promising situation is gradually emerging in the field of medium and heavy reconnaissance and strike UAVs. The army has already received the first middle class Orion complexes with broad general capabilities, but with limited combat potential. The heavy "Altius-U" and the inconspicuous "Hunter" are being tested. Recently, several new drones are being developed at once.

Thus, in the medium term, several heavy unmanned aerial vehicles with various differences may appear in the armament of the Aerospace Forces. With their help, it will be possible to close several still empty niches. Which of the current developments will reach the troops, when this will happen and how it will affect the combat effectiveness of the Aerospace Forces - time will tell.
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  1. Grazdanin
    Grazdanin 31 August 2020 18: 22
    0
    Of course, it is good that we are moving in this direction, but it is sad to understand that we have a 5-year lag from Turkey, more than 20 years from the United States.
    1. qQQQ
      qQQQ 31 August 2020 19: 49
      10
      Quote: Grazdanin
      Of course, it is good that we are moving in this direction, but it is sad to understand that we have a 5-year lag from Turkey, more than 20 years from the United States.

      It is not necessary to compare with Turkey, they use the US space group, and the element base, I very much doubt that they have their own. And we need to recreate a satellite constellation for navigation, mapping, etc., and for this, in fact, to recreate the electronics industry, space and much more, and practically everything from scratch. Unfortunately, without our own space and element base, we will not have a UAV in marketable quantities, if everything is turned off at once.
      1. Zaurbek
        Zaurbek 1 September 2020 09: 15
        -1
        For Bayraktar they don't use ... But components from all over the world are widely used ... sensors, optics, motors ... With this approach, Orion would have been produced long ago. But with the next dimension, the question arises about satellites and control, as on the Reaper ... and then it may turn out that your UAV is not yours. Howl satellites and Israel, for example ...
        1. qQQQ
          qQQQ 1 September 2020 09: 17
          0
          Quote: Zaurbek
          For Bayraktar they don't use ... But components from all over the world are widely used ... sensors, optics, motors ... With this approach, Orion would have been produced long ago.

          This does not change the essence of the issue, all this element base is not ours and does not work on our algorithms, and if you dig well, I have no doubt that we will again rest against the same States.
          1. Zaurbek
            Zaurbek 1 September 2020 09: 21
            -1
            Not a fact ... who told you? The algorithms are just ... ours. there are no special problems in the Russian Federation. Optics are ours, IR matrices are already ours .... Glonnas and inertial systems are ours.
            1. qQQQ
              qQQQ 1 September 2020 09: 44
              +1
              Quote: Zaurbek
              The algorithms are just ... ours. there are no special problems in the Russian Federation. Optics are ours, IR matrices are already ours .... Glonnas and inertial systems are ours.

              Partially our algorithms, no one knows which ones are in someone else's elemental base, bookmarks are tightly stitched, the main issue is not in optics, nor in matrices, etc., namely, the ability to interfere with their work without control.
              1. Zaurbek
                Zaurbek 1 September 2020 09: 59
                0
                To use this, the car must be online ... you do not say base where you use ... and processors perform a bunch of different functions. There is a main processor, and there is a memory card or drive. Something is critical, but something is not and costs 1 billion laptops in the world.
                1. qQQQ
                  qQQQ 1 September 2020 14: 35
                  +1
                  Quote: Zaurbek
                  To use this, the car must be online ...

                  It is far from a fact, as an example, the signal receiver is flashed, when the code arrives, the bookmark is triggered and that's it, and the signal can be sent via satellite to any point.
        2. Elturisto
          Elturisto 12 October 2020 20: 38
          0
          They make the motors themselves, the tea is a godly democracy ...
    2. Viktor Sergeev
      Viktor Sergeev 1 September 2020 12: 27
      +1
      Sometimes in order to jump you have to sit down. Everyone has lagged behind at some point, this is normal and not shameful, the main thing is that they do not accept the lag as a truth.
    3. Oquzyurd
      Oquzyurd 1 September 2020 13: 23
      -1
      Have you seen the new Roketsan rocket? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KfNuBYzJ8s0 Accuracy at a distance of 70 km using UAV Bayraktar
    4. Oquzyurd
      Oquzyurd 1 September 2020 13: 32
      -2
      The same Roketsan successfully launched a rocket into space, into a close orbit (130 km). From 2025, the Turks will send satellites (up to 100 kg) into the komos with their rockets. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Py81jjluDOI&t=4s
  2. da Vinci
    da Vinci 31 August 2020 18: 25
    -8
    More layouts: good and different !!! drinks
    1. Cottodraton
      Cottodraton 1 September 2020 06: 13
      +2
      More couch criticism and "your opinion"!
      1. da Vinci
        da Vinci 1 September 2020 08: 34
        +1
        Nice to receive comments from a combat general!
  3. ximkim
    ximkim 31 August 2020 19: 20
    +1
    It takes little payload, and the choice is not great. sad As it is slowly, everything goes with the UAV ..
    1. APASUS
      APASUS 31 August 2020 20: 09
      +1
      Quote: ximkim
      It takes little payload,

      In modern combat, it is not necessary that it would pour out of it like from a B-52, you need one well-aimed shot .............
  4. Thrifty
    Thrifty 31 August 2020 19: 55
    -5
    Apparently, there are structures in power that do not need Russia to have its own attack UAVs, otherwise all this burden cannot be explained! After all, they did not start working on them yesterday, but things are still there. ..
    1. Disant
      Disant 31 August 2020 21: 32
      +2
      otherwise all this burden cannot be explained

      so and we imposed sanctions naf.iga? Of course, the likely adversary does not need this - control through the gipies system is in progress, and we cannot raise our GLONASS group because of the sanctions, because our component part is dumb.
      I think it was a good sobering blow for us
      .
      I do not justify in any way
    2. Herman 4223
      Herman 4223 7 September 2020 16: 52
      0
      If there were patriots in power, we would live like in Switzerland. Alas, our real power, she sits in Washington, and it is not in her interests to improve our life, well, projects to slow down by itself.
  5. dranthqu
    dranthqu 31 August 2020 20: 04
    +5
    I wonder how difficult it would be to adapt these UAVs to work with the UDC under construction? Radar patrol in the sea would not be in the way, but here it can be provided with 2-3 devices around the clock.
    1. Thrifty
      Thrifty 31 August 2020 21: 04
      -6
      It will be easier to create an udk without a crew, vertically taking off. ...
    2. Souchastnik
      Souchastnik 1 September 2020 09: 51
      0
      I wonder how difficult it would be to adapt these UAVs to work with the UDC under construction?

      Quite difficult: their dimensions are already like those of airplanes, and a run is needed. You can't let go of a slingshot, a big slingshot will work. The fleet needs a helicopter-type UAV.
  6. Radikal
    Radikal 31 August 2020 21: 42
    +1
    The Kronstadt company is one of the leaders in this direction - it has already brought the Orion UAV to operation in the army and is now developing new projects.

    Curious online reviews of this company from those who work and worked for it. And in general it is not clear what their production and industrial base is. winked Smells like "Horns and hooves". lol
    1. Zaurbek
      Zaurbek 1 September 2020 09: 17
      0
      But at least Orion is all we have. There are no more drums.
    2. Souchastnik
      Souchastnik 1 September 2020 09: 54
      -1
      Smells like "Horns and hooves".

      Well, Orion is already there. And the touch seems to be good. And the reviews of "those who worked" are often explained by personal grievances or other motives. Time will tell.
  7. RealPilot
    RealPilot 31 August 2020 22: 03
    -2
    These developments are pleasing!
    Now about some observations, based on the article and photos.

    Bombing is half the battle, it's important, but the VKS already know how. At the same time, with a good payload, which all these UAVs never dreamed of.
    At the same time, not for the money of the Hellfire missiles (this is VERY expensive), which, however, sometimes it would be necessary tactically.

    But "Gelius-RLD" - this is what was really missing! AWACS is our weak point, A50 aircraft and, in the future, A100 - it is not safe and expedient to attract everywhere, and there are few of them. But such a UAV - please. An altitude of 11 thousand meters and a flight duration of 30 hours is worthy! Plus, judging by the photo, there is a (A) HEADLIGHT where to put it, everything will be fine good

    Second point. UAV "Sirius" is twin-engine, which reduces the risk of losing it out of the blue due to engine failures. It is perfectly.
    Plus, its radius is limited only by the fuel supply. Perfectly! This means that it is controlled through satellite systems, finalized, hurray. Caught up with the Americans, finally.
    1. vVvAD
      vVvAD 31 August 2020 22: 54
      +4
      Yes, the Gelius-RLD is a much cheaper, unmanned, potentially more massive and, no less important, an AWACS complex that is simpler in military production conditions, capable of replacing the A-50 and A-100 in most cases.
      Not Global Hawk, but the purpose and cost are different, very, very. We wish good luck to our aircraft engineers!
      1. Zaurbek
        Zaurbek 1 September 2020 09: 19
        +2
        We are shyly silent about Global Hawk ...... The most massive drummers and ploughmen are the dimension of the UAV Reaper. BUT having mastered such an apparatus, this is a shortcut to the Global Hawk. Larger glider and turbojet engine.
    2. Nikolaevich I
      Nikolaevich I 4 November 2020 23: 39
      0
      Quote: RealPilot
      its radius is limited only by the fuel supply

      Will be ... after!
      Quote: RealPilot
      Hence, it is controlled via satellite systems,.

      Not yet...
      Quote: RealPilot
      finalized, hurray

      Finalizing ...
      Quote: RealPilot
      Caught up with the Americans, finally

      Not yet...
  8. Zaurbek
    Zaurbek 1 September 2020 09: 12
    0
    In the video, the Sirius is not much larger than the Orion .... and, in theory, it should be a Riper-sized machine with 1000 hp. TVD.
    1. Souchastnik
      Souchastnik 1 September 2020 10: 05
      0
      it should be a Riper-sized machine with 1000 hp. TVD.

      Give you "Swift" right away. "Bees" do not suit. wink
      1. Zaurbek
        Zaurbek 1 September 2020 10: 07
        0
        This is a common dimension ...
    2. vVvAD
      vVvAD 1 September 2020 12: 02
      0
      The law of cubes. Scaling the linear dimensions by 1/4 will almost double the mass.
      There are nuances, but in general it also works in aviation. Well, the direct hands of designers lol
      1. Zaurbek
        Zaurbek 1 September 2020 12: 05
        0
        And we need a theater of 1000 hp.
  9. ximkim
    ximkim 1 September 2020 14: 07
    0
    Quote: APASUS
    Quote: ximkim
    It takes little payload,

    In modern combat, it is not necessary that it would pour out of it like from a B-52, you need one well-aimed shot .............

    And what if the target will withstand or survive (force majeure and defect)? Then the second set of payloads would be just right or more powerful.
  10. _Ugene_
    _Ugene_ 1 September 2020 14: 20
    +3
    Payload - 450 kg. The mass of the dropped load on the external sling is 300 kg.
    Compatible ammunition for Sirius

    in the photo ODAB-500PMV - weight 525 kg, RBK-500U OAB-2,5RT - weight 500 kg
  11. Elderly Raccoon
    Elderly Raccoon 8 September 2020 00: 51
    0
    Why rush to create such UAVs? let the Su-25 work under air defense fire for another 20 years. women still give birth to pilots for su-25 for Russia
  12. Vadim_888
    Vadim_888 4 October 2020 14: 51
    -2
    The whole question is - will this product fly or will it remain a model?
  13. Alexfly
    Alexfly 4 October 2020 17: 30
    0
    In short, what do we have? Prospect! Good idea! Or maybe for a start, get something that 98% get off all the calloused eyes and ears of drones, at least of Turkish production?
  14. Radikal
    Radikal 8 November 2020 22: 40
    +2
    The heavy "Altius-U" and the inconspicuous "Hunter" are being tested.
    Is that the Hunter with the fighter's engine? Unobtrusive? It's funny if it weren't so sad .... sad
  15. Reserve buildbat
    Reserve buildbat 17 November 2020 21: 50
    0
    I do not understand. It is written that "Sirius" lifts 300 kg on an external sling. But the photo shows an ODAB-500PMV weighing 520 kg and it is indicated that this is a "compatible ammunition". Somewhere there is a discrepancy ...
  16. Mikhail Zakharov
    Mikhail Zakharov 26 November 2020 00: 30
    0
    lagged behind in the most promising direction. how is that? but all these Armata Poseidons and other Petrels made unnecessary trash