Family of patrol ships, pr. 1135 "Petrel": half a century in service


TFR “Watchful” and ships of the foreign Navy during a joint exercise Baltops-93, June 1, 1993. Photo by US Navy


According to Izvestia, in mid-May, one of the oldest Russian ships will go to sea again. fleet - the watchman “Ladny”, built according to the project 1135 “Petrel”. Returning to the combat structure of the Black Sea Fleet, the “Ladny” will again be able to serve along with other “Petrels”, built on improved versions of pr. 1135. History This project is of great interest. The design, created back in the sixties, had the highest modernization potential used so far.

Promising guard


The tactical and technical task for a new patrol ship (TFR), capable of conducting long patrols and escorting naval groups, protecting them from various attacks, was issued in 1964. In 1968. Leningrad Central Design Bureau-53 (now Northern Design Bureau) completed the design work on the topic "1135" / "Petrel", and soon the construction of the watchtower "Watchful" began at the Yantar plant (Kaliningrad). At the very end of 1970, he joined the Baltic Fleet.

Series construction of the Petrels was carried out at the Yantar Kaliningrad, at the Leningrad Plant named after Zhdanova (now “Severnaya Verf”) and on the Kerch “Gulf”. From 1968 to 1980, enterprises laid down 21 new-type TFRs. Ships were intended for all four fleets of the Navy of the USSR. The last ship handed over "under the tree" in 1981.


"Inquisitive" modernized project 1135M during military service in the Mediterranean, November 1, 1986. Photo by US Navy

The service of most ships of the first series lasted until the nineties and two thousandths. After the collapse of the USSR, several watchdogs went to Ukraine. In addition, during this period, ships began to be written off due to moral and physical obsolescence, as well as due to the impossibility of further operation. Based on the results of these events, only one TFR of Pr. 1135, the Ladny, built in 1979–80, remained in the Russian fleet. Now he is completing repairs and soon has to go to sea again.

The letter "M"


Already in 1972, according to the results of the first years of operation of ships of Project 1135, TTZ appeared for modernization. The watchmen of the improved pr. 1135M had to carry other equipment and weapons with higher characteristics. According to the results of modernization, the ships increased the power of artillery and anti-submarine potential.

Due to insufficient firepower, the AK-726 twin gun mounts were replaced by AK-100 products with a larger caliber gun and the MR-145 Lion fire control radar. GAS type MG-332 "Titan-2" was replaced by a newer MG-332MS "Titan-2T". Also, there were other improvements of various kinds.

The lead ship, pr. 1135M, was laid down at the end of 1973 and was taken into the Navy two years later. The construction of the series continued until the early eighties. The last 11th ship of the series, “Inquisitive”, surrendered to the fleet at the end of 1981. The ships were again distributed among all the fleets of the USSR Navy.


TFR "Thieves" FSB border troops, 2009. Photo by US Coast Guard

The modernized Petrels mostly served until the turn of the nineties and two thousandths, after which they were decommissioned and disposed of. Only the ship “Inquisitive” remains in service. Like the older "Ladny", he serves in the Black Sea Fleet.

Border guard


In 1980, shipbuilders received an order from the KGB - the existing patrol officer, project 1135, was required to be finalized for use in naval units of the border troops. The new project 1135.1 "Nereus" was again developed at TsKB-53.

Border TFR lost the RBU-6000 anti-submarine system; the AK-100 product from the Lev radar was moved from the stern to the place of its launcher. Also, the Osa-M air defense system was removed from the stern, and the vacated space was used as a helipad. Two AK-630M units with MP-123 "Vympel" control radar were placed onboard. The hydroacoustic complex was updated using products of MGK-335 Platinum and MGK-345 Bronze.

Watchmen of the Nerey Ave. have been built at the Zaliv factory since 1981. Before the collapse of the USSR, the KGB border troops managed to get seven ships; two more remained at different stages of construction. The eighth ship of the series went to Ukraine - now it is the flagship of its Navy “Getman Sagaidachny”. The ninth ship, laid down in 1992, a few years later was dismantled on a slipway.

From 1998 to 2002, four guard patrols wrote off the Russian border troops. Not so long ago, in 2017, he finished the fifth, "Thieves." Two ships remain in service - the Eagle and the Dzerzhinsky.

New upgrades


In the early eighties, the question was raised of the modernization of cash ships in order to increase their combat capabilities. In 1983, a modernization project 1135.2 was prepared, offering a radical modernization of electronic, sonar and missile weapons. Installation of new systems could be carried out during the overhaul of the ship.


The Russian watchman “Ladny” and the ships of the Ukrainian Navy, 2012. In the background is visible “Getman Sagaidachny”, built at 1135.1 Ave. Wikimedia Commons Photos

Etc. 1135.2 proposed the removal of the anti-submarine complex and the installation of the Uranian strike system with anti-ship missiles. The old gas tanks were replaced by a single MGK-365 Zvezda-M1 GAK. A major update of the radar complex was envisaged.

The modernization of ships was entrusted to several enterprises at the place of service of the ships. The process of repair and re-equipment began at the same time with the notorious Perestroika - and by the collapse of the USSR only three patrolmen had time to update. Two of them served until the 2012s, and the third was decommissioned in XNUMX.

Another project, 1135.3, proposed replacing the URPK-4 Metel anti-submarine complex with the newer URPK-5 Trump, as well as upgrading sonar systems using the Zvezda-M1 GAK. Such equipment and weapons were taught only by Zharkiy TFR to their composition in the Northern Fleet. He continued his service until 2002.

Export and modularity


In the nineties, the Northern Design Bureau developed a new version of Burevestnik Ave., this time with an eye on the foreign market. The original design of the guard was revised taking into account current trends, possible wishes of customers and promising weapons systems. The final version of such a project, brought to the series, received the number 1135.6 (11356) and the Indian name Talwar.

During the processing of previous projects, only the main hull structures and part of the common systems were retained. The rest was completely redesigned with the introduction of a modular architecture, simplifying how to change the project taking into account the wishes of the customer, and subsequent modernization. After such changes, the ship became a little longer, and the total displacement increased from 3,19 thousand tons to 4 thousand tons.


The frigate "Talwar" is the lead ship of pr. 11356 for the Indian Navy. Photo of the Indian Navy

Talvar was equipped with modern domestic and foreign electronic and hydroacoustic equipment. The basis of the armament complex was the 3C-14 universal launcher with 8 cells for the missile defense complex of various types of missiles. Initially, the main shock weapons were Club-N missiles, then there was the possibility of using BrahMos products. The ship retained a 100-mm gun mount, but received new anti-aircraft weapons.

In 1999, the laying of the first ship of project 1135.6 for the Indian Navy took place at the Baltic Shipyard. This order provided for the delivery of three ships - they became part of the fleet in 2003-2004. In 2007-11. Yantar plant has built a second series of watchdogs. Since the summer of 2013, the Indian Navy has six Talvars.

Next generation


In the two thousandths, on the basis of pr. 11356, a new pr. 11356R was created. The essence of the new project was the processing of the export Talvar, taking into account the requirements of the Russian Navy. The main approaches to the design and selection of components remained the same, but the composition of weapons and equipment changed.

In 2010 and 2011, the Russian Ministry of Defense placed two orders for six new guard / frigates. In the future, the possibility of building three more was considered. It was supposed to transfer ships to the Black Sea, Baltic and Pacific fleets, but then such plans were reduced. All frigates built were to enter the Black Sea Fleet.


"Admiral Grigorovich" - the head frigate of pr. 11356R. Photo by the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

The lead ship Admiral Grigorovich was laid at the end of 2010 and was accepted into the fleet in 2016. A few months later, the flag was hoisted at Admiral Essen, which has been under construction since 2011. At the end of 2017, the fleet received the frigate Admiral Makarov.

The construction of three other ships ran into a problem. In 2014, the Ukrainian industry refused to supply the necessary power plants, and TFRs under construction were left without engines. In the future, various messages about possible actions and measures repeatedly appeared. Construction could be frozen or continued using Russian power plants - with a serious lag behind the original schedule.

In July 2019, it became known that three unfinished ships were bought by India. The Russian plant will continue to build, and the Indian side, bypassing Russian shipbuilders, should acquire Ukrainian engines. The delivery of three ships of the Indian Navy is expected in 2023-24.

Half a century in service


December 31, 2020 marks exactly 50 years since the commissioning of the first patrol ship, pr. 1135 "Petrel". The first Vigilant was followed by another 19 ships of the original design and 11 modernized. Subsequently, four such TFRs underwent modernization to 1135.2 and 1135.3. Also, the industry built 8 border ships "Nereus". According to the latest projects, 11356 and 11356P built six ships for India (three more are under construction) and three for Russia.


Perhaps the most famous episode in the history of 1135 Ave. The TFR "Bezavavetny" displaces the American cruiser from Soviet territorial waters. February 12, 1988, view from a cruiser. US Navy Photos

To date, 1135 ships have been built for all projects of the 48 family, and in the near future new ones will go to sea. At the same time, over the past half century, most of the watchdogs have completed their service. Now the Russian Navy has only two ships of early projects and three modern pr. 11356R. At the disposal of the FSB border troops there are two ships of Project 1135.1. Seven combat units are serving in foreign fleets - these are mainly modern Talvars.

The history of project 1135 and its derivatives is of great interest. The basic project of the family was created in the mid-sixties according to the requirements of its time. In the future, the requirements changed, and the project was finalized in one way or another. Finally, at the end of the last century, the project underwent a radical revision - but with the preservation of a significant part of the features.

As a result, as part of the Russian Navy, you can simultaneously observe the watchmen “Ladny” and “Inquisitive”, built at the turn of the seventies and eighties, as well as completely new frigates of the “Admiral series”. All this became possible thanks to the highest modernization potential of the project, laid down more than half a century ago.
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  1. Sandor Clegane April 23 2020 18: 17 New
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    The contours are one of the most beautiful in all the fleets of the world!
    1. Alexey Koshkarov April 23 2020 20: 18 New
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      Italian frigates have beautiful bodies
      1. Aristarkh Lyudvigovich April 23 2020 21: 51 New
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        Italian frigates type FREMM (Bergamini) in anti-submarine and shock configuration at sea.
        1. Vladimir_2U April 24 2020 03: 21 New
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          Quote: Aristarkh Lyudvigovich
          Italian frigates type FREMM
          Scary! A cross between a toad and Darth ibn Vader. ))) So the pasta is not the same.
          1. alexmach April 24 2020 14: 14 New
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            Scary! A cross between a toad and Darth ibn Vader

            High tower superstructure with radar .. First of all, functional.
            1. Vladimir_2U April 24 2020 14: 36 New
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              Quote: alexmach
              Functional in the first place.
              Thanks, enlightened. )))
              The superstructure and tower-like mast, and they could be made more beautiful.

              How elegant this Italian toad looks, with the same functionality, approximately.
              1. alexmach April 24 2020 15: 03 New
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                How elegant this Italian toad looks, with the same functionality, approximately.

                With the same functionality? come on. Are you there the Air Defense Destroyer with Corvette Frigates?

                Firstly, the photos in "full face" and in 3 \ 4 compare strange.
                Secondly, this elegant Doering of yours (it's after all in the second photo if I am not mistaken) is exactly the same. I looked at the photos of your Italians and thought about him .. Well, except perhaps without all these visors.
                Well, the last 20380, it’s hard to say for sure, it’s too lazy to look for sources, but judging by the photograph, it’s by the eye that either the tower is lower (and every meter is worth something there), or the superstructure is higher and wider (which means more sail ) .. well, either one and the other at the same time.

                Yes, I agree, the huge thin radar pyramids look a little awkward, but I repeat - the functionality is more important and from the functional point of view they are justified.
                1. Alexey RA April 24 2020 15: 50 New
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                  Quote: alexmach
                  Firstly, the photos in "full face" and in 3 \ 4 compare strange.

                  In photographs from the bow, even linear / large cruisers turn into irons. smile
                  1. alexmach April 24 2020 16: 44 New
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                    To rearm them, at least on a budget, these old "petrels." The same “okay” after repair and with new turbines is still able to serve. Given the shortage of ships in all fleets, it would be useful ...
                  2. Vladimir_2U April 24 2020 17: 32 New
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                    I do not see the iron, I see clutter with details, but there is no iron. )))
                    1. Alexey RA April 24 2020 17: 51 New
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                      Quote: Vladimir_2U
                      I do not see the iron, I see clutter with details, but there is no iron. )))

                      "View from the stern" of the fastest of the LC.

                      "From the nose," he does not see anything at all - an upturned nose covers everything. smile
                      1. Vladimir_2U April 24 2020 17: 53 New
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                        Bad selfie. laughing
                2. Vladimir_2U April 24 2020 17: 31 New
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                  Well, change the angle
                  Little has changed for the toad. Like the functional APPROXIMATE, with different power it goes without saying the same. It's just that someone knows how to build beautifully, and someone has forgotten how. In addition, the FREMM frigate with a displacement of more than 5000 tons is approximately, and our 20380 (you are right) corvette is about 2500 tons, but our ship looks proportionally, like the "Type 45" at about 7500 tons, but the FREMM is not.
                  But the taste and color markers are different. )))
                  1. alexmach April 24 2020 17: 45 New
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                    But the taste and color markers are different. )))

                    May be. As for me, your Darning looks just as absurd.


                    Further, if at the disposal of the Russian Navy there were a dozen or two such ships as this absurd FERMM of yours, I would only be glad and would forgive them all their absurdity.
                    1. Vladimir_2U April 24 2020 17: 55 New
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                      Quote: alexmach
                      As for me, your Darning looks just as absurd.
                      So I'm writing about vkusovschina.
                      Quote: alexmach
                      a dozen or two such boats as this absurd FERMM of yours, I would only be glad and forgive them all their absurdity.

                      He is as mine as yours, that is, none, hi but about two dozen here I absolutely agree. hi
          2. Ajevgenij April 24 2020 22: 52 New
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            The Italians know how to do design, Femm millet is the magnificent design of the ship, however, Italian cars, furniture, architecture, etc., etc. are confirmation of this.
    2. Alexey Koshkarov April 23 2020 20: 22 New
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      And our cruisers Moscow and Varyag hulls and superstructures are a masterpiece !!!!
      1. naburkin April 23 2020 21: 36 New
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        For the first time I saw the RKR "Glory" (Moscow) in 1981 in Nikolaev, at a factory. Beauty, no description. Killer.
  2. Doccor18 April 23 2020 18: 22 New
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    It is a pity that project 11540 did not go into series. For its time, was a worthy adversary for
    any frigate of the world.
    1. Pavel57 April 24 2020 01: 48 New
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      It is a pity that the third 11540 was not completed.
      1. Luty April 24 2020 11: 00 New
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        Something the Indians did not want to buy 11540 in any way, but they were offered. She even went to shooting at Undaunted
  3. Mavrikiy April 23 2020 18: 24 New
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    in mid-May, one of the oldest ships of the Russian fleet, the watchman “Ladny”, will again go to sea,
    Welcome to the system! Safety margin allows, Soviet, means reliable.
  4. Aristarkh Lyudvigovich April 23 2020 18: 48 New
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    Perhaps the most famous episode in the history of 1135 pr. February 12, 1988, view from a cruiser. US Navy Photos

    Just a couple of years after this event, the great country of the USSR died, and American sailors from Yorktown visited Murmansk. At the beginning of the 25s, the inscription on the board was cut off from Bezavezentny, torn off like sticky paper and sold for scrap metal to Turkey. March 2005, 12 the ship from Sevastopol brought the tug. Due to the blood-red color of the meerk of the hull and black spots where the weapons used to be, the "Selfless" looked like a wounded beast. On May 2005, XNUMX, far into the sea, the Bezavezentny quickly tipped to the starboard side and began to sink under the water, as if someone had opened kingstones, preferring death to a shameful butchering into needles.
  5. knn121121 April 23 2020 19: 00 New
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    seven feet under the keel
  6. Ryaruav April 23 2020 19: 03 New
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    a beautiful ship, but the freeboard contours of modern ships a la stealth are fit only in calm, already at 4-5 points there will be excellent reflectivity in many moments, well, at 8-9 points the waves will demolish the anti-radar coating, who went knows the paint rips off the sides
  7. Nazaroff April 23 2020 20: 20 New
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    “Petrel”, “Bukari” - all the same, what beautiful ships were made in the USSR ... There will be no more such ships ... ((Now, ships are more like some kind of irons, with their a la stealth technologies.
    1. Aristarkh Lyudvigovich April 23 2020 22: 13 New
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      In my opinion, beautiful frigates of project 20350 are also being built now.
  8. Pavel57 April 23 2020 21: 07 New
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    Beautiful ship. But the architecture with guns in the stern is not justified.
  9. D16
    D16 April 23 2020 21: 15 New
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    Border TFR lost RBU-6000 anti-submarine system

    RBU remained. URPK Metel, one AK-100 turret and one SAM system were removed.
  10. naburkin April 23 2020 21: 40 New
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    Quote: Aristarkh Lyudvigovich
    Perhaps the most famous episode in the history of 1135 pr. February 12, 1988, view from a cruiser. US Navy Photos

    Just a couple of years after this event, the great country of the USSR died, and American sailors from Yorktown visited Murmansk. At the beginning of the 25s, the inscription on the board was cut off from Bezavezentny, torn off like sticky paper and sold for scrap metal to Turkey. March 2005, 12 the ship from Sevastopol brought the tug. Due to the blood-red color of the meerk of the hull and black spots where the weapons used to be, the "Selfless" looked like a wounded beast. On May 2005, XNUMX, far into the sea, the Bezavezentny quickly tipped to the starboard side and began to sink under the water, as if someone had opened kingstones, preferring death to a shameful butchering into needles.

    Good memory to the ship. Ships, they are so alive.
    1. Aristarkh Lyudvigovich April 23 2020 22: 14 New
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      They, like people, are born, live and die.
  11. Vladimir_2U April 24 2020 03: 23 New
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    In the first photo, the second is the type "Bremen"
  12. Crossbill April 24 2020 03: 27 New
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    A beautiful ship, but I liked over 61 projects from the BOD winked
  13. Scharnhorst April 24 2020 08: 38 New
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    Nevertheless, whatever they said six years ago about the “Admiral” series for the Black Sea Fleet, time has shown the correctness of the decision made. Now we have a combat-ready core of the fleet, and if the kakly were not shitting, there would already be six pennants! It is correct that they did not begin to wait for a masterpiece promising project with raw and undeveloped industrial weapons and equipment. Probably you need it as in aviation: no more than 10% of the new equipment, otherwise the plane will not fly ...
  14. Saturn April 24 2020 10: 41 New
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    He served at PSKR 1135.1, very surprised that they left the oldest PSKR Dzerzhinsky in the series, decommissioned were in the best condition, departed for the first repair and stood at the pier with 96 g.
    1. Luty April 24 2020 11: 01 New
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      The motives of those who make decisions are not always understood from the point of common sense.
    2. Luty April 24 2020 11: 13 New
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      The reasons for the write-off of the PSKRs is that they have become excessively expensive in the new conditions and overly armed to carry out the functions assigned to the border guards. Large ships began to be decommissioned, and disarm Project 1241. and 205P. So it allowed to reduce staff and maintenance costs. In the Soviet Union, these ships were a reserve of forces of the PLO and OVRy in case of war.
      1. Saturn April 24 2020 11: 59 New
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        Word for word what we were told in the service in the 90s.
        To make a new project, build ships, train a new crew, is cheaper than maintaining existing ships that have not worked out even half the resource?
        And the reserve of forces of PLO and OVR is a bonus, everything has already been built!
        I am not a specialist in this matter, but the arguments about the high cost and excess of Project 1135.1 are somehow unconvincing from the point of view of common sense.
        1. Luty April 24 2020 12: 22 New
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          Porgran troops of a new look do not need ships of the far zone with weapons of the frigate. . Yes, even with 100mm artillery and TA and BGAS RBU. Well, the adapted Seiner or BMRT is much cheaper. I myself saw this. Therefore, Svetlyaki and artillery disarmed a maximum of AK 630. And how much you can save on EW and radar systems is simply fantastic. A ship with AK 630. An ordinary radar and a pair of high-speed boats. And the speed should be about 20 knots. See the project 22100, 22120 and a bit faster than 22460. That's something like that.
          1. Saturn April 24 2020 13: 00 New
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            Is 750 tons of displacement for the Pacific Ocean not enough? And then, 1135.1 there were 5 pieces only in Kamchatka, and instead of them 3 22460? For the whole Pacific Fleet?
            22100 and 22120 ships of the ice class, they were the same in the second division, the same with diesel engines, I don’t remember the exact number, I only know that 1-2 were in the Northern Fleet, 1 in Chukotka the rest are in P. Kamchatsky. The fate of these ships is unknown to me.
            My personal subjective opinion is that it is much cheaper to maintain what is already available than to design and build a new one when the existing one has not exhausted its resource. 1135.1 may be superfluous, but it was available. Whether 3 new ships manage instead of 5 is a big question.
            The Forest Guard was also considered unnecessary, optimized, and I don’t think anyone needs to explain what is going on with deforestation. By analogy, I think about the modern optimization of the Marine Guard.
            1. Luty April 24 2020 21: 31 New
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              I personally was on all options of the 1135s, including all export 11356 and Black Sea 11356m. It was not possible only on 11351. The latter were the best of what was in this type. So I sincerely envy what you had to serve there .. The disadvantage of 11356 is the lack of a towed station. The Indians planned to use just BGAS in the form of a cable and reserved the foundations for it. We refused at all. The border guards have their own ship service lives and they are much shorter than in the Navy. But to transfer the ship from the border guards to the Navy is not possible. Also, no one has canceled the human factor. Project 22460 is a little larger than the border Lightning, i.e. it's about nothing.
              1. Saturn April 24 2020 23: 46 New
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                Do not envy my service ....... winter 98-99 g ...... there is no heating on the ship, crew remains, 45-50 people, the boiler was started for 30 minutes a day, ice on the sunroofs, rolling blackouts , out of 5 diesel generators, they were able to start 1, and then a month later when the minder came back aboard, the driver on the Border Guard could not start a single one, as a result, they laid a steam pipeline from Vega and began to heat it 4 times a day. And this is the most decent thing I can remember. How do you like sinking at pier pr 1124? They prepared for utilization, unscrewed something wrong in the hold with the fool, water, winter, frost started, collected 2 or 3 motor pumps for the entire division, as a result, when he piled on board, it was not on Kedrov or on Vorovsky that the moonshine sailor was poured, sent to the hold and he corrected the matter, pumped out the water. I don’t remember how these coral remnants were taken out of the base, and who undertook it no longer. They did not find money for diesel fuel, repair, and the crew, but as much as they wanted to order a new project. What a strange saving ...... or is it that I lagged behind life?
                1. Saturn April 24 2020 23: 52 New
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                  Do border guards have their own ship life? Excuse me ..... did Dzerzhinsky serve little?
                2. Saturn April 25 2020 00: 08 New
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                  In the winter of 97-98, they refueled their ship with diesel fuel, the tanker truck broke down, they collected canisters from wherever they could, they also used cans from under imported vegetable oil, they dragged fuel from the refueling station without crews ... a few tons, I don’t remember the age exactly how much, in order to cook food and for heating.
                3. Luty April 25 2020 10: 05 New
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                  In the details, of course, I did not assume that it was so bad. In the Baltic Sea there is not such a strong defeat. And here again the personality factor. However, even in the fate of individual ships, this played a role.
                  1. Saturn April 25 2020 10: 37 New
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                    Navy went, we sometimes looked at the AK100, submarines, ships of the same projects as ours went out. Our commanders said that the fewer border guards in a special economic zone, the better for someone ....... this is where the feet of "optimization" grow. The salary of the captain of the cap 1 rank ship at that time was approximately 800 American money, the rest were correspondingly less, the sailors served for scarce food, a tube of paste and 5-10 packs of Prima. What is there to save on personnel? It seems to me that the reasons for optimization lie on the surface. They are obvious.
                    1. Saturn April 25 2020 10: 46 New
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                      "The ideal order in the locker then - when it is empty" commander of the warhead 2 captain 3rd rank Zolotoverkh S.I.
                      1. Saturn April 25 2020 11: 17 New
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                        Once the cap saw torn boots on the sailor, built a crew, checked with everyone. I must say he was a great pro in the use of "local idiomatic expressions", his voice possessed such that without broadcasting he called to his cabin in drugs. So, at the building he was silent, left silently, in the evening a car came with NEW shoes. I don’t know where he went, before that everyone was given shoes from 80g storage. This is a factor of personality. No loud voice, great Russian language, commanding talent will not make PSKR go to sea without repair, fuel and supplies. This is for politicians, for politicians in uniform with big stars ......
                    2. Luty April 25 2020 13: 25 New
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                      The time was vague. And who could think in the future? When the slogan was: "Get rich."
          2. Saturn April 24 2020 13: 22 New
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            Adapted seiners is also not news, there were several, in my tugs, with AK 230, the same with diesels, pr 745P. There was enough work for everyone. And did they fall under the same excess? It’s interesting even that what remains of the division in Kamchatka .....
  15. Luty April 24 2020 11: 06 New
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    Project 1135 is a masterpiece. And it still remains so. The case itself is its contours and lineup. And according to the criterion, the cost and effectiveness of almost AK. With weapons systems, much could be applied in the modernization and construction of new units. But alas, instead of repair and modernization, optimization was done.
  16. Starshina April 27 2020 18: 44 New
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    He served at the TFR. ZADORNY was a cool time, they went to the CUBA and LIVIA watched the aircraft carriers ...
  17. nnz226 1 July 2020 21: 08 New
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    The journal "Naval Engineering" in the late 70s recognized the architecture of the TFR pr. 1135 as the best in the world. Just handsome!