Japanese robot destroyer


As one Internet user wittily noticed, the difference between us and the Japanese is that we try to pretend to be smart, and they are stupid.


With such a note, a review of the Japanese Murasame destroyers and their close relatives, the Takanami, should begin.

One of the largest families of missile destroyers with a total of 14 units.

9 “rains” and 5 “waves”. Such poetry is played out in their names.


This is not just lyrics. Murasame is the first ship in the world equipped with an active phased array (AFAR) radar.

The Japanese are extremely reluctant to share information about their military equipment. Therefore, we always so suddenly learn about the real achievements and capabilities of their Navy.

In official press releases, Murasame is modestly referred to as general purpose escort destroyers. Pointing in a new line that thanks to a very perfect appearance and universal arms ships of this type play an important role in naval operations.

The destroyer project was approved in 1991. The lead Murasame was laid down in 1993 and put into service in 1996.

In parallel, the construction of large (9500-ton) Congo destroyers with the Aegis system was underway in Japan. The smaller and weaker armed Murasame looked against their background as an obvious step backwards.

Japanese robot destroyer
Surrealism: “Heavy rain”, “Spring rain”, “Evening rain” and “Drizzling rain” occupied all the piers of Pearl Harbor. In the background, you can see a huge "burke-shaped" destroyer - the flagship of the compound

But the Japanese saw the situation differently.

They were given priority access to the best technology; they are the only ally that the Americans took seriously.

As a result, the Japanese destroyer with the Aegis was laid down before the first Arly Burke managed to enter service.


But the Japanese did not abandon their intentions to build ships on their own projects, the design of which contained not only modern solutions, but also took into account all the features and preferences of the Japanese Navy.

The industry was not able to create its own destroyer, surpassing the licensing project in those aspects where the potential of Aegis was revealed. And this was not the task at that time. Everything needed to build missile defense destroyers was already available. Using the technologies obtained, the Sasebo, Maizuru and Yokosuki shipyards quickly laid four 9500-ton “Congos”, which got their name by no means in honor of the African state.

The next one required a universal warship to solve problems for which the large destroyer with the Aegis was clearly redundant (for example, anti-submarine defense). The "national" destroyer, which could become a test bench for working out all the trends, concepts and solutions inherent in the shipbuilding of the 1990s.

Dagger and long spear


From a combination of the flagship “Congo” and the “escort” destroyer “Murasame”, it was supposed to form combat groups in which the flagship, designed for long-range combat (air defense-missile defense), covered the formation of destroyers whose weapons were “sharpened” for close combat.

Actually, the concept is not new. At all times, the Japanese maritime password sounded the same: "eight to eight."

In the early 1920s, this meant an intention to have a fleet of 8 battleships and 8 battlecruisers. As a result, the score is 8: 8 in favor of the Japanese Navy. The plan could not be implemented.

In the 1970s and 1980s, eight-eight began to mean eight battle groups consisting of eight ships. Typical composition: PLO helicopter carrier, a pair of air defense destroyers and 5 “ordinary” destroyers. In practice, it looked quite primitive. Japan at that time did not possess naval weapons of the required level.

In the 1990s, the composition of the battle groups changed to Aegis, guarding the smaller destroyers built on their own Japanese projects.

"National" projects for the sophistication of their designs were not inferior to their "import" counterparts.

Sensei Murasame looks modern even now, and 30 years ago it was a glamor of high technology.


Japanese shipbuilders were among the first to implement a layout with under-deck placement of weapons and used a design with inclined surfaces of the superstructure to reduce the radar visibility of ships.

The generic sign of the destroyers was not the most common feed tip. The Japanese do not tolerate straight lines! It is called Oranda-zaka, "the house on the slope." The goal is to increase the safety of takeoff and landing operations. Everything that is located aft and is not a helipad in that place goes downhill. To prevent the propeller blades from touching the mooring devices or the upper deck guard.


Outwardly, the destroyer makes a good impression. Each of its elements is made with special attention. But his true military qualities are hidden deep inside.

In the early 90's. on the basis of foreign-made components, the Japanese managed to create their own BIUS, linking together all the fighting posts of the ship. In the West, such systems have received the designation "C4I" (the first letters: "command", "control", "communication", "computers" and "intelligence"). In a broader sense, destroyers of the Murasame type were among the first in the world to receive a combat information system of this level.

As for reducing visibility, the inclined surfaces of the add-ons undoubtedly give Murasame a modern look. As for the real benefits, the main radio contrast element of the Japanese destroyers was and remains a massive foremast, representing a metal truss structure hung with antenna devices.

Massiveness is a tribute to Japanese ideas, according to which the design must withstand the storm conditions of the northern latitudes.


As for the need for the mast itself, at the time of the creation of the Murasame, the Japanese did not yet have their own radar with fixed antennas (PAR) mounted on the walls of the superstructure. A similar FCS-3 system will be introduced only in 2007.

FCS-3 is a European designation. The original Japanese name cannot be pronounced. FCS-3 just means “fire control system”, the third Japanese development in the field, of which anything is known.

As for Murasame, their fire control system is known as FCS-2.


Another remark will be devoted to the deck placement of weapons. Murasame missile ammunition is indeed located in individual UVP cells, implying their presence below the deck. But there is one caveat. 16 UVP sterns are placed OVER the deck. How? In the most obvious way: delivered in the form of a box. But why? Obviously, there was not enough deck space. Yes, it looks very strange (to be honest, it looks extremely suspicious). The world's only modern project with a similar placement of weapons. I remember stories from the past, when our eastern neighbors unexpectedly changed the composition of the armament of the ships from the “peaceful option” to the “military”, dumbfounding their adroitness. Something with Murasame is unclean ...

On the technical side, Murasame is as “imported” as its counterpart “Congo”. But if Congo is a copy of a foreign project, then Torrential Rain contains only individual nodes of foreign origin. Which are selected in accordance with Japanese ideas about the beautiful.

The COGAG combined destroyer propulsion system consists of four gas turbines: a pair of American GE LM2500 and a pair of Rolls-Royce Spray - a British heritage.

Of course, only technical documentation was brought from England. Industrial corporations Ishikawajima and Kawasaki back in the 1970s. mastered the licensed production of gas turbine power plants needed for warships.


But a lot of things were brought from the USA. For example, missile weapons - vertical launchers (4 modules, 32 cells). And to them in addition - arms control consoles. The Murasame Combat Information Center was created in the image and likeness of the Aegis destroyer BIC. EW tools were copied (SLQ-32 complex). Phalanxes and torpedoes purchased.

It was not possible to copy only a ship radar with AFAR technology due to the absence of such devices anywhere in the world in 1996.

One of the key features of the destroyer was its automation.


Despite the presence on board the Murasame full range of weapons and means to counter surface, underwater and airborne threats, the number of its crew, according to open sources, is only 165 people.

If the figures given are true, then the Japanese destroyer was the absolute leader in automation among ships of its era. In the 1990s, only the most primitive frigates had such a crew size, half the size of the Murasame and had a much more compressed armament (for example, the French Lafayette - 160 crew).

Since we are talking about sizes ... According to modern concepts, the displacement of Murasame is somewhere on the upper boundary for the class "frigate" and on the lower bar for the class of destroyer. 6200 tons of full displacement with a hull length of 151 meters.

Typical dimensions for a ship in the ocean. It will not be entirely correct to call them modest “workhorses” fleet.


Rain season

Taking into account all the forces expended on them and a high level of technical performance at the time of their appearance, these were real “horses.”

In total, it was planned to build 14 such destroyers, but only 9 were built. No, the rest were not “shifted to the right” and then deleted from the lists in favor of “optimizing” the budget.

They were completed in 2000-2006. on the improved Takanami project.


"High Wave" is almost a complete analogue of "Heavy Rain." The same sizes. The same silhouette - with a smoothly curved forecastle and an Oranda-zaka platform in the aft. A superstructure of the same shape and a massive mast, in front of which a radar with AFAR is installed. Identical power plant and almost unchanged composition of weapons.


Outside, to distinguish “Murasame” and “Takanami” is possible, probably, only for enthusiastic modelers.

The main change was the refusal to place part of the UVP on the deck, in the middle of the hull. All 32 Takanami missile silos were located in the bow, in front of the superstructure.

But what remains on the site of “boxing”? Nothing. Empty box. Here we will not draw far-reaching conclusions, but throughout the Takanami (as well as the Murasame, which has only 16 air-guided missiles in the bow), they are underutilized and have reserved volumes for increasing missile ammunition or installing combat modules.

Another change is the increase in the caliber of a universal gun mount from 76 to 127 mm. However, for a modern ship this is of very little importance.

The rest of the armament is the same, corresponds to Murasame.

Two main search radars, two anti-aircraft fire control radars, a hinged sonar and a towed low-frequency antenna.

32 launchers: sources call 16 anti-submarine missiles and 64 anti-aircraft missiles ESSM. From 4 to 8 Type 90 anti-ship missiles. A pair of "Phalanxes". Small torpedoes. Helicopter.

Of course, when we have before us a series of 14 ships built over 13 years, then there can be no talk of any complete unification. This is especially true of the combat information system and fire controls - the most complex elements of the ship; the changes made in them can be considered almost the creation of a new project.

The first three and two last “Takanami” have noticeable differences in the composition of the elements of the CIU. In this sense, the first representatives are more similar to Murasame. In turn, the last two, “Swell” and “Cool Wave”, also differ from each other.

2050 is closer than 1990


"Murasame" / "Takanami" for the Japanese is not the past, but the year before last.

In the 2010s our eastern neighbors “stuck” another 6 very distinctive destroyers of a new generation, which surprised everyone. What is their radar complex, consisting of eight AFAR!

Six multipurpose destroyers, not counting the "golden eagle" flagships and helicopter destroyers.

Then this calculation begins - next year, the last, eighth flagship destroyer, the Haguro, will be accepted into the Japanese Navy's self-defense. And on this 30-year-old ambitious program "eight-eight" can be considered completed.

The future of the Japanese fleet is hidden in a veil of paranoid secrecy. It is only known that in general the concept of battle groups will remain the same. But the next generation of destroyers will get a completely different look and new layout. Details? You can’t wait from the Japanese.

However, the year 2050 is already closer than the 1990th. Therefore, very soon the details will become known. When you accidentally manage to photograph the hull of destroyers under construction in a high degree of readiness.

As for the consequences for Russia from this unrestrained Japanese militarism ... If ever our Navy has to clash with this armada, I would not want the words of the commander of the EDB "Emperor Alexander III" to be heard again: "I vouch for one thing: we will die, but we will not give up ... ”(episode at a farewell banquet from the legendary book of A. Novikov-Priboy).


They all lack moorings, so destroyers are moored in rows. From behind the back of the destroyer of the Murasame type, an add-on of another ship sticks out - with a double phased antenna (white squares). New generation destroyer!
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  1. Avior April 7 2020 18: 17 New
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    The world's only modern project with a similar placement of weapons.

    Placement on the UVP deck is a standard installation for missiles SI sparrow and essm MK-48 mod 3, the Danes use it for small ships
    1. Whatever, the article impressed me. He always respected Japanese ships, but did not suspect that everything was so deep ...
      1. AAK
        AAK April 8 2020 00: 21 New
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        Very deep, colleague! 4 modern helicopter carriers that can very easily become light aircraft carriers, 9 destroyers of URO, almost 40 destroyers and frigates of submarines, 22 modern non-nuclear submarines, 22 minesweepers, plus basic aviation of submarines - all this is the Japanese fleet, against which the surface component of the Pacific Fleet has very illusive chances with almost three times smaller numbers ... parity is maintained only by SSBNs and PALKR, although with the threat of hostilities, Petropavlovsk-Vilyuchinsk will already be shut up by the Americans. Well, Japan itself, with a territory commensurate with the Primorsky Territory, has an indicator of GDP not less than the whole of Russia, and with a world level, primarily in a variety of mechanical engineering, machine tool building and electronics ...
        1. Liam April 8 2020 00: 27 New
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          Quote: AAK
          Japan, with a territory commensurate with the Primorsky Territory, has an indicator of GDP not less than the whole of Russia,

          Is it that you so modestly designated 4,8 trillion Japanese GDP against 1,6 trillion Russian?
        2. Chaldon48 April 8 2020 03: 17 New
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          Americans will not be able to lock Vilyuchinsk tightly and for a long time, they will try, they will suffer heavy losses from anti-missile missiles.
          1. tlauicol April 8 2020 05: 08 New
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            Quote: Chaldon48
            Americans will not be able to lock Vilyuchinsk tightly and for a long time, they will try, they will suffer heavy losses from anti-missile missiles.

            they just need to drop a couple of minutes for this - and the gate is closed
          2. SovAr238A April 8 2020 07: 17 New
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            Quote: Chaldon48
            Americans will not be able to lock Vilyuchinsk tightly and for a long time, they will try, they will suffer heavy losses from anti-missile missiles.


            Vilyuchinsk is the most unprotected base in Russia.
            With the onset of BP - there is nothing and no one can survive.
            And the whole Kamchatka agglomeration as well.
  2. Uncle Vanya Susanin April 7 2020 18: 19 New
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    "As one Internet user wittily noticed, the difference between us and the Japanese is that we try to pretend to be smart, and they are stupid."
    Something did not notice that we are trying to pretend to be smart, on the contrary I remember from the time of perestroika all sorts of jokes and stories about what kind of fools we are, and how things are bad here and not like in normal countries.
    And now everything is the same by ear!
    1. Avior April 7 2020 18: 27 New
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      Classic jokes about "German, American and Russian were on an uninhabited island ..." smile ?
    2. gabonskijfront April 7 2020 18: 38 New
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      The Japanese never pretend to be stupid, this contradicts their mentality, there is such a thing as a loss of face, which the Japanese can’t allow either.
  3. Avior April 7 2020 18: 23 New
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    “The main change was the refusal to place part of the UVP on the deck, in the middle of the hull. All 32 Takanami missile silos were located in the bow, in front of the superstructure. ”

    Additional MK41 cells were placed in the bow, in which SM series missiles can be placed, which are much more universal than the MK48 in the stern
    Good article.

  4. Cowbra April 7 2020 19: 01 New
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    we try to pretend to be smart, and they are stupid

    Well, you know, considering. that for a long time their owner was a country with such a president:

    Bush, I still don’t remember his war with a raincoat ... The Japanese do not really have to pretend.
  5. Rurikovich April 7 2020 19: 03 New
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    In turn, the last two, “Swell” and “Cool Wave”, also differ from each other.

    Cuts Ear, Comrade Kaptsov yes I understand that you know that the proper names of the ships are not translated and this was used here only to give color to the article. But the USE generation must be accustomed to order, for the departure from generally accepted certain norms generates anarchy in the heads. After all, it’s possible that after reading such “informative” articles a couple of young people catch in between breaks of the glasses due to the correct application of the translation and who gets the thread from them with a bubble on the head with the result of shaking what else is in the skull. And Oleg Kaptsov, who will be to blame admits liberties for the sake of a beautiful phrase (or turnover) wink wassat laughing laughing laughing
    Sarcasm smile
  6. Doccor18 April 7 2020 19: 10 New
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    Yamato Empire is slowly but surely building up combat capability
    of its fleet, without increasing the number of pennants. 4 destroyer-helicopter carrier which only cost. This is not an old man Shirane with 3 helicopters, this is a full-fledged escort aircraft carrier, where 24 F35B can easily fit. The Pacific Fleet would be time for us to strengthen, and not only the SSBNs.
    1. Santa Fe April 7 2020 20: 36 New
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      Empire of Yamato slowbut steadily increasing combat efficiency

      In my opinion, even very fast
  7. Avior April 7 2020 19: 13 New
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    . From behind the back of the destroyer of the Murasame type, an add-on of another ship sticks out - with a double phased antenna (white squares). New generation destroyer!

    It seems that the author was slightly mistaken.
    Looks like a destroyer like a Hyuug-type helicopter
    1. Santa Fe April 7 2020 22: 37 New
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      Quote: Avior
      Looks like a destroyer like a Hyuug-type helicopter

      The superstructure and the mast of Akizuki are visible there.
      1. Avior April 7 2020 22: 44 New
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        Right, you're right.
        Just from that angle, it looks like a Hyuuga
  8. Undecim April 7 2020 19: 25 New
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    This is not just lyrics. Murasame is the first ship in the world equipped with an active phased array (AFAR) radar.
    Kaptsov, as always, burns with napalm.
    The world's first ship equipped with a radar with AFAR was the predecessor of the Murasame class, the Japanese destroyer Asagiri, launched in 1986 and giving the name to the class of ships of 8 units.
    Murasame, established in 1993, has the same OPS-24 radar as the Asagiri.
    1. Undecim April 7 2020 19: 39 New
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      The original Japanese name cannot be pronounced. FCS-3 just means “fire control system”, the third Japanese development in the field, of which anything is known.
      小型 射 撃 指揮 装置, Kogata-shageki-shiki-souchi. Well, what is impossible here?
      1. Undecim April 7 2020 19: 53 New
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        Murasame is not "heavy rain." Translated as "village rain" as far as Japanese names can be translated.
        1. Santa Fe April 7 2020 20: 39 New
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          Translated as "village rain",


          Well, as described - how torrential
          Country rain - too crooked translation IMHO
          as far as Japanese names can be translated.

          I think it’s possible here, these are not personal names or place names

          Description of natural phenomena in all shades
      2. Santa Fe April 7 2020 20: 34 New
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        小型 射 撃 指揮 装置, Kogata-shageki-shiki-souchi. Well, what is impossible here?

        Look once, grin - and return to the European notation

        Zero! Kate!

        Just as Western Europeans use codes for Russian technology. Observer Billy could break his tongue while pronouncing Myasishchev M4. It was easier "A pair of Bison - Nord course"
      3. SovAr238A April 8 2020 07: 20 New
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        Quote: Undecim

        小型 射 撃 指揮 装置, Kogata-shageki-shiki-souchi. Well, what is impossible here?


        Of course. everything is simple, well, I didn’t immediately guess then ... because I knew everything ... Well, Ms, the usual Kogata-shikagi-shiki-Suchi ... Damn it ...
        :)
    2. Santa Fe April 7 2020 20: 47 New
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      The world's first ship equipped with a radar with AFAR was the predecessor of the Murasame class, the Japanese destroyer Asagiri, launched in 1986

      Asagiri were equipped with OPS-14 radar with a parabolic antenna

      Asagiri, 2011. Morally obsolete in every sense

      Most likely, what are you talking about, some of those destroyers received new equipment in the process of modernization
      1. Undecim April 7 2020 21: 02 New
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        Starting with the DD-155 Hamagiri (1988) - standard equipment.
  9. smart fellow April 7 2020 20: 15 New
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    In the early nineties, Japan allocated assistance to Russia in the amount of $ 15 billion for industrial development (the money was actually given to Japanese firms), not counting the money for the dismantlement of nuclear submarines. Then they thought that they would be given 4 islands of the Kuril ridge for this (they even abandoned 2). Our teachers traveled to Japan at the expense of the Japanese government and were on field trips at the television factory in Hokkaido. About 15 people sat at the factory behind a wire fence and did nothing. The Japanese explained that they had to allocate jobs to local residents at the request of the local administration. And they put a wire fence for safety, so that someone didn’t hit someone with a flying detail. Everything else was done by robots and CNC machines.
    The Japanese once found themselves in the same situation as China now. Only 30 years ago. Japanese prom. the products were superior in quality to the United States and the imbalance in trade with the United States grew to an indecent size. At the request of the United States, Japan voluntarily reduced exports to the United States and over time lost the lead to the leading industrial. Powers of South Korea and now China.
  10. Saxahorse April 7 2020 21: 49 New
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    A successful article and photos are beautiful. Especially the latter looks bad. About the robot ship, it is the most selected. :) Thanks to the author!
    1. Santa Fe April 8 2020 04: 23 New
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      Thank you for your feedback, Saxahorse hi
  11. Kostya Lavinyukov April 7 2020 22: 40 New
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    Will there ever be an article about the tactics of using modern destroyers?
    1. Avior April 7 2020 23: 16 New
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      Modern destroyers are more likely universal ships, their tactics alone cannot be reduced to one tactic
      1. Kostya Lavinyukov April 8 2020 12: 03 New
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        I’m specifically interested in the question of who actually has the function of destroying enemy ships (the same destroyers), if they have a gun and 8 not the most serious anti-ship missiles from all offensive weapons.
        1. The comment was deleted.
        2. Avior April 8 2020 14: 20 New
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          erased my answer
          In short
          Direct naval battle of large ships is now a rare occurrence
          according to American tactics (and Japanese too), enemy ships must be destroyed by aviation.
          If small - then deck helicopters, if large - deck or coastal aircraft
          an example is the war with Iraq
          If a naval battle did occur, at the first stage the enemy is attacked with a volley of anti-aircraft missiles, deprived of combat effectiveness, and then they are finished off with a gun and anti-ship missiles
          An example is Operation Mantis, see Wikipedia.
  12. Avior April 7 2020 22: 59 New
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    They put a big gun for such a small destroyer.
    Landing forces support?
    In principle, 32 cells is not enough for a destroyer, it’s faster for a frigate, but the versatility of the cells and the presence of medium-range essm of 4 per cell allows you to get quite decent ammunition for local military operations of not very long duration, especially if you take the destroyer with Aegis and large ammunition.
    One could replace another phalanx with Si Ram, there would be self-defense rockets yet.
    With a long-range percussion, only a problem, if, of course, their type 90 cannot be shot along the shore
    Tomahawks, as I understand it, the non-proliferation of rocket technology does not allow the Japanese to sell
    1. Nehist April 8 2020 00: 01 New
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      So the Japanese and created everything with an emphasis on limited theater. There was no sense in greater autonomy, so they riveted a decent amount of a box with sane characteristics
    2. Octopus April 8 2020 05: 53 New
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      Quote: Avior
      They put a big gun for such a small destroyer.
      Landing forces support?

      Firstly, what does small mean? 6,5K full - not so far from the cruiser Aurora, for example.
      Secondly, the main real adversary of the Japanese Navy in real incidents is still not very adequate subordinates of Comrade. Kim. Given this fact, just a good gun can be useful if dangerous maneuvering suddenly goes into any other indecency at the pistol distance.
      1. Avior April 8 2020 06: 46 New
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        For the destroyer is small, and 127 mm is a lot for such a ship.
        With a pistol distance of 76 mm has a high rate of fire.
        127 mm is the range in the first place.
        And besides Comrade Kim is there and comrade Xi, although a prolonged conflict with him is doubtful, unless an occasional short skirmish
        1. Octopus April 8 2020 07: 01 New
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          Quote: Avior
          For a small destroyer,

          On the current destroyers Kaptsov and 8 "can deliver))
          Quote: Avior
          With a pistol distance of 76 mm has a high rate of fire.
          127 mm is the range in the first place.

          Do not tell. The power of the projectile has not yet been canceled.
          Quote: Avior
          And besides Comrade Kim is there and comrade Si

          For comrade Xi, not guns are needed, but INF. Apparently, this should be expected in the near future.
          1. Avior April 8 2020 07: 08 New
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            The power of the shell, of course, has not been canceled, but the universality of the guns, after all, also.
            Otherwise, in a limited conflict, 127 will be excessive and will have to shoot a small caliber.
            But to support the landing 127 just right.
            Actually, about 100 mm would be just, but the Americans and after them the Japanese do not recognize half measures :))
            Or 76 or 127. :)
          2. Santa Fe April 8 2020 07: 18 New
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            Quote: Octopus
            On the current destroyers Kaptsov and 8 "can deliver))


            The designers shook off the dust from the drawings of Des Moines' guns, so the Mk.71 appeared. It was supposed to bet on the new attack cruisers CSGN
            1. Octopus April 8 2020 07: 40 New
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              Yes, I also remembered him.
              In the picture is USS Hull (DD-945), 2800 standard
            2. Avior April 8 2020 13: 00 New
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              If an attack aircraft can be attached to a gun, then why can’t a ship be? smile

  13. Operator April 8 2020 08: 32 New
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    The entire Japanese fleet is not worth the Japanese islands, which we and / or the Chinese will “drown” with a 15-minute nuclear strike bully
  14. Hermit21 April 8 2020 10: 16 New
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    When will authors at VO learn to divide the text into approximately equal parts and not split into paragraphs 1-2 sentences?
  15. monster April 8 2020 21: 14 New
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    You can’t fight with them! You can’t! Not because we won’t win, but because the Children of Amaterasu must be friends! Russia will never have a more loyal ally than the Japanese turned on the Busi-do code!
  16. storm April 12 2020 00: 43 New
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    What can Russia really oppose on the Far Eastern borders with this “samurai armada” for the foreseeable 5-7 years, in addition to 5 new “Boreys” in Kamchatka, capable of “lowering all Japanese islands in one gulp in the most extreme case?

    Russia has neither the means, nor the production capacity, nor the time to build a fleet close to Japanese in combat capabilities, therefore, all we can do is form a powerful group of 4-5 brigades of BASTION-M coastal missile systems in the Far East "with long-range Onyx-M and hypersonic Zircons.
    In parallel with the strengthening of the “reliable coastal shield”, it is necessary to form an aviation division with “Daggers” and “Zircons” consisting of:
    - regiment Tu-22M3M
    - MiG-31K regiment
    - Su-34M regiment
    In any case, the presence in the Far East of 4-5 missile brigades and an attack aviation division can stop not only Japan, but also the Pacific Fleet of the United States and Chinese partners ....
  17. Usher 13 June 2020 22: 44 New
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    Since when did the Japanese pretend to be stupid, and we are smart? Author, where have you read the noodles?